Read by QxMD icon Read


L Alimardanian, K Saliminejad, S Razi, A Ahani
Microdeletions of the azoospermia factor (AZF) regions in the Y chromosome are a well-known genetic cause of male infertility, resulting in impairment of spermatogenesis. However, the partial deletions of AZFc region related to spermatogenetic impairment are controversial. We investigated partial deletion of AZFc region and DAZ copy number in a population of Iranian infertile men and normozoospermic controls. In total, 154 infertile men (113 patients with azoospermia, 41 with oligozoospermia) and 111 normozoospermic controls were analysed using PCR...
November 2016: Andrologia
Y-W Sha, L Ding, J-X Wu, S-B Lin, X Wang, Z-Y Ji, P Li
Spermatozoa morphology, an important parameter in a semen specimen's potential fertility evaluation, is a significant factor for in vitro fertilisation in assisted reproductive technology. Eleven sterile men with headless spermatozoa, a type of human teratozoospermia, are presented. Their ejaculates' headless spermatozoa percentages were high with rare normal spermatozoa forms. Additionally, abnormal morphology (e.g. round-headed or microcephalic spermatozoa) was also found. Spermatozoa motility was somewhat affected, potentially because of the missing mitochondrial sheath at the sperm tail base...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
Cristina Camprubí, Albert Salas-Huetos, Riccardo Aiese-Cigliano, Anna Godo, Maria-Carme Pons, Giancarlo Castellano, Mark Grossmann, Walter Sanseverino, José I Martin-Subero, Nicolás Garrido, Joan Blanco
The influence of aberrant sperm DNA methylation on the reproductive capacity of couples has been postulated as a cause of infertility. This study compared the DNA methylation of spermatozoa of 19 fertile donors and 42 infertile patients using the Illumina 450K array. Clustering analysis of methylation data arranged fertile and infertile patients into two groups. Bivariate clustering analysis identified a differential distribution of samples according to the characteristics of seminogram and age, suggesting a possible link between these parameters and specific methylation profiles...
September 15, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Jufeng Zheng, Yongning Lu, Xianqin Qu, Peng Wang, Luiwen Zhao, Minzhi Gao, Huijuan Shi, Xingliang Jin
INTRODUCTION: Spermatozoa motility is the critical parameter to affect the treatment outcomes during assisted reproductive technologies (ART), but its reproductive capability remains a little informed in condition of severe male factor infertility. This retrospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the effects of reduced sperm motility on the embryological and clinical outcomes in intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment of severe oligozoospermia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 966 cycles (812 couples) of severe oligozoospermia diagnosed by spermatozoa count ≤ 5 × 106/mL and motile spermatozoa ≤ 2 × 106/mL were divided into four groups in according to the number of motile spermatozoa in one ejaculate on the day of oocyte retrieval (Group B-E)...
2016: PloS One
Gulam Bahadur, Ofran Almossawi, Afeeza IIlahibuccus, Ansam Al-Habib, Stanley Okolo
INTRODUCTION: Understanding and improving IUI pregnancy rates has enormous global appeal and application. This pilot study goes one step further by utilising consecutive ejaculates from men with oligozoospermia and comparing with normozoospermic male group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 117 IUI-stimulated treatment cycles in a small fertility clinic in North Middlesex University Hospitals Trust, UK, within a NHS setting. Risks of OHSS and multiple births are carefully controlled...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Kalanghot Padmanbhan Skandhan, Birendranath Mazumdar, Balakrishnan Sumangala, Vasudevan Jaya
INTRODUCTION: In this study an attempt is made to find out the level of calcium in seminal plasma of normal and infertile patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen samples are collected from 34 normal men and 112 infertile patients. After semen evaluation seminal plasma was separated and calcium level was measured in it. RESULTS: Calcium level in mg% is recorded in each group as follows; in normozospermia (n34) 20.14 ± 1.25 (±SE), oligozoospermia (n26) 9...
September 7, 2016: Urologia
Jennifer Borgmann, Frank Tüttelmann, Bernd Dworniczak, Albrecht Röpke, Hye-Won Song, Sabine Kliesch, Miles F Wilkinson, Sandra Laurentino, Jörg Gromoll
The X-linked reproductive homeobox (RHOX) gene cluster encodes transcription factors preferentially expressed in reproductive tissues. This gene cluster has important roles in male fertility based on phenotypic defects of Rhox-mutant mice and the finding that aberrant RHOX promoter methylation is strongly associated with abnormal human sperm parameters. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism of RHOX function in humans. Using gene expression profiling, we identified genes regulated by members of the human RHOX gene cluster...
September 15, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Alpana Singh, Nusrat Jahan, Gita Radhakrishnan, B D Banerjee
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is defined as inability to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse and it affects 7% of male population and 8-10% of couples. According to estimates WHO, 13-19 million couples in India are infertile. Oxidative stress is the causative factor in 25% of infertile males. AIM: To study the efficacy of antioxidant therapy on oxidative stress parameters in seminal plasma of infertile male. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients of male infertility were enrolled in study after two abnormal semen analyses reports at 2-3 weeks interval, of oligozoospermia and/or asthenozoospermia, as per WHO guide line 1999...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
J Rohayem, E Nieschlag, M Zitzmann, S Kliesch
Patients with Klinefelter's syndrome experience progressive testicular degeneration resulting in impaired endocrine function and azoospermia. What proportion of adolescents develop testosterone deficiency during puberty and how many have spermatozoa in their semen is unclear to date. We aimed to investigate testicular function during puberty and young adulthood in patients with Klinefelter's syndrome and to assess testosterone effects in target tissues. The clinical data of 281 patients with non-mosaic Klinefelter's syndrome aged 10-25 years without previous testosterone replacement were reviewed...
September 9, 2016: Andrology
Zhiming Li, Zaozao Zheng, Jun Ruan, Zhi Li, Xuan Zhuang, Chi-Meng Tzeng
Our previous research suggested that an integrated analysis of microRNA (miRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression is helpful to explore miRNA-mRNA interactions and to uncover the molecular mechanisms of male infertility. In this study, microarrays were used to compare the differences in the miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the testicular tissues of severe oligozoospermia (SO) patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) controls with normal spermatogenesis. Four miRNAs (miR-1246, miR-375, miR-410, and miR-758) and six mRNAs (SLC1A3, PRKAR2B, HYDIN, WDR65, PRDX1, and ADATMS5) were selected to validate the microarray data using quantitative real-time PCR...
July 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Herman Tournaye, Csilla Krausz, Robert D Oates
An accurate medical history and directed physical examination are essential in diagnosis of male infertility. We review the hormonal assessments and specific genetic analyses that are useful additional tests, and detail other evidence-based examinations that are available to help guide therapeutic strategies. By contrast with female infertility treatments-especially hormonal manipulations to stimulate or enhance oocyte production-spermatogenesis and sperm quality abnormalities are much more difficult to affect positively...
July 6, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
J Chang, F Pan, Q Tang, W Wu, M Chen, C Lu, H Ding, L Hu, D Chen, Y Xia, X Wang
: The association between polymorphism of eNOS and male infertility in several studies was controversial. To explore a more precise estimation of the association, a meta-analysis of eight case-control studies, including 1,968 cases and 1,539 controls, were selected. The meta-analysis was conducted by calculating the pooled odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Overall, the association between T786C and risk of male infertility was obvious (TC vs. TT: OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1...
July 4, 2016: Andrologia
K Louie, A Minor, R Ng, K Poon, V Chow, S Ma
Altered DNA methylation has been previously identified in the spermatozoa of infertile men; however, the origins of these errors are poorly understood. DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification which is thought to play a fundamental role in male germline development. DNA methylation reactions rely on the cellular availability of methyl donors, which are primarily products of folate metabolism, where a key enzyme is methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR). The MTHFR C677T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) reduces enzyme activity and may potentially alter DNA methylation processes during germline development...
September 2016: Andrology
Norbert Pásztor, Krisztina Kárpáti, János Szöllősi, Márk Keresztúri, Zoltan Kozinszky, István Gorzó, Márta Radnai
About 30% of male infertility cases are idiopathic. Previous studies reported a positive correlation between deep periodontal pockets and sperm sub-motility, which suggests that periodontitis might have a role in idiopathic semen abnormality pathospermia. We evaluated correlations between periodontal infection parameters and the results of sperm analysis of men with idiopathic infertility. In this observational study, semen quality and periodontal status were analyzed for 95 otherwise healthy men attending an andrology unit for sperm analysis...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Manuela Simoni, Daniele Santi, Luciano Negri, Ivan Hoffmann, Monica Muratori, Elisabetta Baldi, Marta Cambi, Marios Marcou, Thomas Greither, Enrica Baraldi, Simonetta Tagliavini, Daniela Carra, Francesco Lombardo, Loredana Gandini, Francesco Pallotti, Csilla Krausz, Giulia Rastrelli, Alberto Ferlin, Massimo Menegazzo, Elisa Pignatti, Francesca Linari, Marco Marino, Renzo Benaglia, Paolo E Levi-Setti, Hermann M Behre
STUDY QUESTION: Does the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) improve depending on the FSH receptor (FSHR) genotype as assessed by the nonsynonymous polymorphisms rs6166 (p.N680S) after 3 months of recombinant FSH treatment in men with idiopathic infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: FSH treatment significantly improves sperm DFI only in idiopathic infertile men with the p.N680S homozygous N FSHR. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: FSH, fundamental for spermatogenesis, is empirically used to treat male idiopathic infertility and several studies suggest that DFI could be a candidate predictor of response to FSH treatment, in terms of probability to conceive...
September 2016: Human Reproduction
Sazan Ali, Florence Chaspoul, Loundou Anderson, David Bergé-Lefranc, Vincent Achard, Jeanne Perrin, Philippe Gallice, Marie Guichaoua
Studies suggest a relationship between semen quality and the concentration of trace elements in serum or seminal plasma. However, trace elements may be linked to DNA and capable of altering the gene expression patterns. Thus, trace element interactions with DNA may contribute to the mechanisms for a trans-generational reproductive effect. We developed an analytical method to determine the amount of trace elements bound to the sperm DNA, and to estimate their affinity for the sperm DNA by the ratio: R = Log [metal concentration in the sperm DNA/metal concentration in seminal plasma]...
June 9, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Mirzakarim Karimovich Alchinbayev, Araylyim Nugmanovna Aralbayeva, Lazzat Namatullaevna Tuleyeva, Svetlana Melsovna Duysenbayeva, Marat Abzalovich Makazhanov
Male infertility is a relevant social and medical problem. Male infertility is mostly caused by genetic disorders. The purpose of the study was to analyze the correlation of chromosome aberrations, as well as DNA fragmentation and various manifestations of spermatogenesis disorder. Sperm samples of 58 males with infertility and 23 conditionally healthy males were studied. All patients diagnosed with asthenozoospermia, teratozoospermia, oligoasthenozoospermia and oligoteratozoospermia underwent subsequent analysis of sperm DNA fragmentation...
September 2016: Mutagenesis
Hao Dong, Youxin Wang, Zhikang Zou, Limin Chen, Chuanyun Shen, Shaoqiang Xu, Jie Zhang, Feifei Zhao, Siqi Ge, Qing Gao, Haixiang Hu, Manshu Song, Wei Wang
Male infertility is a complicated disease with causes generally split into 2 broad categories: genetic factors and environmental factors. The present study was designed to investigate the association between the methylation patterns of H19 and SNRPN imprinting control region (ICR) and male infertility and to assess the gene-environment interactions between environmental factors and methylation patterns. A total of 205 DNA samples from 48 oligozoospermia (OZ), 52 asthenozoospermia (AZ), 55 teratozoospermia (TZ) patients, and 50 normozoospermia (NZ) men were analyzed...
May 31, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
X-Y Liu, R-X Wang, Y Fu, L-L Luo, W Guo, R-Z Liu
We investigated whether the presence of Y chromosome azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletions impacts upon the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using fresh ejaculated spermatozoa. Sixteen oligozoospermia patients with Y chromosome AZFb or AZFc microdeletions and undergoing ICSI cycles between March 2013 and November 2014 were studied. Twenty-six infertile men with normal Y chromosomes and also undergoing IVF/ICSI in the same time period were used as controls. A retrospective case-control study approach was used...
May 30, 2016: Andrologia
Callista L Mulder, Yi Zheng, Sabrina Z Jan, Robert B Struijk, Sjoerd Repping, Geert Hamer, Ans M M van Pelt
BACKGROUND: Subfertility affects approximately 15% of all couples, and a severe male factor is identified in 17% of these couples. While the etiology of a severe male factor remains largely unknown, prior gonadotoxic treatment and genomic aberrations have been associated with this type of subfertility. Couples with a severe male factor can resort to ICSI, with either ejaculated spermatozoa (in case of oligozoospermia) or surgically retrieved testicular spermatozoa (in case of azoospermia) to generate their own biological children...
September 2016: Human Reproduction Update
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"