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Electronic apex locater

Anna Carolina V Mello-Moura, Carmela R Bresolin, Cacio Moura-Netto, André Ito, Angela T Araki, José Carlos P Imparato, Fausto M Mendes
BACKGROUND: Due to the scarcity of exfoliated/extracted human primary teeth with complete roots, artificial teeth were developed as an alternative to be used for educational and laboratory research purposes. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of using artificial primary teeth for conducting laboratory research through an experiment related to canal length determination, comparing artificial teeth with natural teeth. METHODS: Thirty anterior and 21 posterior artificial teeth, and the same number of natural primary teeth were selected...
November 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Yu-Feng Hu, Wen-Zhong Jin
PURPOSE: To study the correlation between apical foramen area and accuracy of PropexII electronic apex locator under destroyed apical constriction. METHODS: Forty extracted teeth with single straight root canal were ground down 1 mm in the root tip and placed in 2% liquid agar gel injected into Castro model. The length of root canal was measured by PropexII electronic apex locator. The difference (L) between the electronic length (LP) and actual length was calculated...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Mugem Asli Gurel, Bagdagul Helvacioglu Kivanc, Adil Ekici
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the accuracy of iPex II and to compare it with those of Raypex 5, Raypex 6 and iPex electronic apex locators (EALs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty fresh human mandibular premolar teeth were used in this study. Crown segments were cut and root canals were coronally flared. A #10 K-file was inserted until its tip can be seen within apical foramen to determine actual working length (AWL). Teeth were embedded in alginate and each multi-frequency EALs were randomly tested to determine the electronic working length (EWL)...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
Fernando A Orosco, Guilherme F da Silva, Paulo H Weckwerth, Maria Thereza M Lopes, Alan M R Garcia, Marco Antônio H Duarte, Ivaldo G de Moraes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of different file sizes on the accuracy of two electronic apex locators (EALs). Thirty extracted human single-rooted permanent mandibular incisors were used. A #10 K-file was inserted in the root canal until its end could be observed (using a light microscope) through the apical foramen. One millimetre was subtracted to establish working length (WL). Electronic readings were performed using MiniApex Locator or Root ZX II, from #10 K-file to #130 K-file. Statistical analysis was performed by two-way anova and Tukey test (P ≤ 0...
September 20, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
Fernanda Garcia Tampelini, Marcelo Santos Coelho, Marcos de Azevêdo Rios, Carlos Eduardo Fontana, Daniel Guimarães Pedro Rocha, Sergio Luiz Pinheiro, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this in vivo study was to assess the accuracy of 2 third-generation electronic apex locators (EALs), Propex II (Dentsply Maillefer) and Root ZX II (J. Morita), and radiographic technique for locating the major foramen (MF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two premolars with single canals that required extraction were included. Following anesthesia, access, and initial canal preparation with size 10 and 15 K-flex files and SX and S1 rotary ProTaper files, the canals were irrigated with 2...
August 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Alessandra Timponi Goes Cruz, Caroline Wichnieski, Everdan Carneiro, Ulisses Xavier da Silva Neto, Gianluca Gambarini, Lucila Piasecki
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the efficacy of both the electronic apex locator (EAL) and auto apical reverse (AAR) functions of the endodontic motor MM Control (Micro-Mega, Besançon Cedex, France) compared with Root ZX II (J Morita, Tokyo, Japan). METHODS: After cervical preflaring, the actual lengths (ALs) of 36 single-rooted teeth were obtained up to the apical foramen. The EAL measurements at the marks "APEX" and "0.5" of both devices were obtained using an alginate model...
October 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Tiago Nepomuceno Oliveira, Nilton Vivacqua-Gomes, Ricardo Affonso Bernardes, Rodrigo Ricci Vivan, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte, Bruno Carvalho Vasconcelos
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 5 electronic apex locators (EALs): Root ZX II (RZX; J Morita, Tokyo, Japan), Raypex 6 (RAY; VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany), Apex ID (AID; SybronEndo, Orange, CA), Propex II (PRO; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), and Propex Pixi (PIXI, Dentsply Maillefer) when used in the following protocols: (1) -1.0, insertion up to 1.0 mm below the apical foramen (AF); (2) 0.0/-1.0, insertion until the AF and withdrawn 1.0 mm short of the AF; (3) 0...
October 2017: Journal of Endodontics
T Connert, M S Judenhofer, M Hülber-J, S Schell, J G Mannheim, B J Pichler, C Löst, A ElAyouti
AIM: To determine the accuracy of locating the apical constriction using apex locators. METHODOLOGY: Extracted teeth were micro-CT scanned preoperatively to localize the apical constriction. Electronic length measurements of 91 root canals were made using nine electronic apex locators (EAL) connected to a mounting model. Distances from the major foramen were recorded at each scale bar of the EALs, and a file was fixed in the canal at a position indicated by each EAL to be the apical constriction...
July 4, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
James L Gutmann
Current history would have you believe that the evolution and development of the electronic apex locator for use during root canal procedures emanated from the work of Suzuki in 1942, which was developed as a product by Sunada in 1962. Yes, this is partly correct, however the concept of using electrical means to locate the ends of root canals was brought to the dental profession as early as 1918 by Dr. Levitt Ellsworth Custer, which was not addressed until Suzuki revisited Custer's concepts. This contribution was only one of the many that Custer proffered as he championed the use of electricity in dentistry...
2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
Masoud Saatchi, Shiva Iravani, Mehrdad Akhavan Khaleghi, Amin Mortaheb
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the correlation between accuracy of Root ZX electronic foramen locator and root canal curvature. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred and ten extracted mandibular molars were selected. Access cavity was prepared and coronal enlargement of mesiobuccal canal was performed. A #10 Flexofile was inserted into the mesiobuccal canal, and a radiography was taken to measure the degree of curvature by Schneider's method...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
Vahid Zand, Saeed Rahimi, Paria Davoudi, Abubakr Afshang
INTRODUCTION: This ex vivo study evaluated the accuracy of the Root-ZX electronic apex locator (EAL) (J. Morita, Tokyo, Japan) and the NovApex (Forum Technologies, Rishon Lezion, Israel) in determining the working length (WL) during endodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted single-rooted human teeth were selected for this study. The actual WL was measured with visual technique by a size #15 k-file under magnification. Then, the canal lengths were measured electronically with both Root-ZX and NovApex apex locators within ±0...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Smitha Reddy, Bhuvan Shome, Jayaprakash Patil, Pradeep Koppolu
INTRODUCTION: Exploration and determination of the relationship between stature and length of tooth is essential in Paleontology, Forensic Odontology and Endodontology. This study aimed to determine any association between stature and posterior tooth length in a group of patients who required root canal treatment. METHODS: Age, sex and standing height of adults were considered for posterior tooth length measurement. Molars and Premolars of apparently normal males (n=115 for molars, n= 75 for premolars) and females (n=124 for molars, n=80 for premolars), aged 20-50 years with intact cuspal morphology, which required RCT were selected for this study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Ashwini B Prasad, Srivastava Harshit, Srivastava Arora Aastha, Raisingani Deepak
BACKGROUND: Cleaning and shaping of root canal system requires various irrigating solutions. The question is whether the presence of irrigation solution alters working length determination using apex locators. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of Root ZX and i-Root apex locator for determining working length in the presence of different irrigating solution. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Eighty extracted single rooted human teeth were used. The teeth were sectioned at Cemento Enamel Junction (CEJ) and actual canal length determined...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
K Vidya Bhat, Prakashchandra Shetty, Latha Anandakrishna
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a new-generation electronic apex locator (iPex) to determine working length in primary teeth with or without root resorption as compared with the conventional radiographic method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 30 primary posterior teeth which are indicated for pulpectomy were selected for the study. After obtaining the informed consent from the parents, local anesthesia was administered. Access cavity was prepared with no...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rüstem Kemal Sübay, Özlem Kara, Melike Ordulu Sübay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of four electronic root canal length measurement devices (ERCLMDs) [Root ZX, Raypex 6, ProPex II, and VDW Gold with ERCLMD] in wet and dry root canals with different major foramen diameters, in association with three file positions within the final 1 mm of canals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty roots were divided into five groups that were instrumented apically to the terminus diameter using K-files 15, 20, 30, 40, and 60...
March 29, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Hamid Jafarzadeh, Masoud Beyrami, Maryam Forghani
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the accuracy of working length determination using the apex locator versus conventional radiography in C-shaped canals. METHODS AND MATERIALS: After confirming the actual C-shaped anatomy using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), 22 extracted C-shaped mandibular second molars were selected and decoronated at the cemento-enamel junction. The actual working length of these canals were determined by inserting a #15 K-file until the tip could be seen through the apical foramen and the working length was established by subtracting 0...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
Bruno Carvalho de Sousa, Fábio de Almeida Gomes, Cláudio Maníglia Ferreira, Márcia Maria de Negreiros Pinto Rocha, Eduardo Bede Barros, Diana Santana de Albuquerque
Biofilms are the main cause of endodontic failures. Even the best executed endodontic treatment can fail, when the infection is resistant to treatment or when it is located in inaccessible areas, such as the external surface of the root apex. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, by scanning electron microscopy, the presence of bacterial biofilm on endodontically treated teeth considered clinical failures and suitable for apical surgery. Root apices were collected from 20 teeth undergoing apical surgery and one negative control and analyzed under SEM...
February 5, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
Demet Altunbaş, Alper Kuştarcı, Mustafa Toyoğlu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of the Dentaport ZX (Morita Co, Kyoto, Japan) and the Rootor (Meta Biomed, Cheongwon-gun, Korea) electronic apex locators (EALs) in detecting root perforations in dry conditions and in the presence of the following irrigation solutions: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 0.9% saline solution (NaCl), and 17% EDTA. METHODS: Twenty extracted, single-rooted human teeth were perforated artificially in the middle section...
March 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Funda Yılmaz, Kıvanç Kamburoğlu, Buğra Şenel
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of working length determination by using an electronic apex locator, periapical radiography, and cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging obtained at different voxel sizes and field of views (FOVs) in extracted human teeth. METHODS: Thirty extracted human mandibular premolar teeth were used. The electronic working length measurements were performed by using an electronic apex locator (Root ZX; J Morita Corp, Kyoto, Japan)...
January 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Roy George
Data sourcesCochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Embase and Scopus databases.Study selectionStudies that reported the precision of electronic apex locators (EALs) in locating the apical constriction (AC) in primary root canal treatment of human teeth compared with a histologic evaluation of the AC were considered.Data extraction and synthesisData were extracted and quality assessed independently by two reviewers.ResultsTen studies were included, reporting on 1105 EAL measurements. Seven studies were considered to be at high risk of bias and three at low risk...
2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
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