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Ophthalmology residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337059/cataract-surgical-rate-in-yemen-2012
#1
Saleh A Al-Akily, Mutahar Y AlShaer, Mahfouth A Bamashmus, Abdulmoghni O AlBarrag, Tawfik K Alkhatib, Hisham A Al-Akhlee
OBJECTIVE: To determine cataract surgical rate (CSR) in 2012 (01 January to 31 December 2012) in 22 Governorates of Yemen in order to identify the needs to reduce cataract related blindness. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was sent to the 184 eye units in governmental, university, military, private and charity clinics and hospitals in Yemen. RESULTS: The response rate to the questionnaire was 80.7%, and the collected data are summarized...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317677/trends-in-cataract-surgery-training-curricula
#2
Mona Lotfipour, Ramunas Rolius, Erik B Lehman, Seth M Pantanelli, Ingrid U Scott
PURPOSE: To evaluate trends in cataract surgery training curricula and factors affecting timing of resident participation as a primary surgeon. SETTING: Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of anonymous survey results. METHODS: A description of the study and link to an online survey was e-mailed to program directors of each ophthalmology residency training program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
January 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300734/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-ii-academics-and-research-dissertation
#3
Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Barun Kumar Nayak, Santhan Gopal, Yogesh Shah, Samar K Basak
PURPOSE: To know the perception of young ophthalmologists about their dissertation and academics during residency training in order to improve the research output during present residency programs in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, the world's second largest ophthalmic professional's organization, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those who completed residency between 2005 and 2012) to gauge usefulness of dissertation or thesis during postgraduate residency...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288650/analysis-of-an-international-collaboration-for-capacity-building-of-human-resources-for-eye-care-case-study-of-the-college-college-vision-2020-link
#4
Nyawira Mwangi, Marcia Zondervan, Covadonga Bascaran
BACKGROUND: There is an extreme health workforce shortage in Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa. Shortage of eye care workers impedes effective implementation of prevention of blindness programs. The World Health Organization has identified education, partnership, leadership, financing, and policy as intertwined interventions that are critical to resolving this crisis on the long term. CASE PRESENTATION: The VISION 2020 LINK between the College of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa and the Royal College of Ophthalmologists in the United Kingdom aims to increase the quantity and quality of eye care training in East, Central, and Southern Africa through a focus on five strategic areas: fellowship examination for ophthalmologists, training the trainers, curriculum development for residents in ophthalmology and ophthalmic clinical officers, continuous professional development (CPD), and mentoring program for young ophthalmologists...
March 14, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284655/improving-resident-performance-in-oculoplastic-surgery-a-new-curriculum-using-surgical-wet-laboratory-videos
#5
Kapil Mishra, Mariam Mathai, Robert C Della Rocca, Harsha S Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new oculoplastic curriculum that incorporates learning theory of skill acquisition. To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of instructional videos for an oculoplastic surgical wet laboratory. DESIGN: Proof of concept, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai-tertiary care academic institution. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: In total, 16 ophthalmology residents were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups and given either video and text or text instructions alone for the following 2 procedures: blepharoplasty and eyelid laceration repair...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282063/lower-urinary-cotinine-level-is-associated-with-a-trend-toward-more-myopic-refractive-errors-in-korean-adolescents
#6
G E Nam, B E Hwang, Y-C Lee, J-S Paik, S-W Yang, Y-H Chun, K Han, Y G Park, S H Park
PurposeTo investigate the association between urinary cotinine levels as an objective biological marker for exposure to nicotine and refractive status.Patients and methodsThis cross-sectional study analyzed data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2008 and 2011. A total of 1139 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years were enrolled. Urinary cotinine concentrations and other potential risk factors for myopia were examined. Correlation analyses and multivariate regression analysis were performed to investigate the association between urinary cotinine level and refractive error...
March 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274942/socioeconomic-deprivation-and-serious-ocular-trauma-in-scotland-a-national-prospective-study
#7
Liying Low, James Hodson, Daniel Morris, Parul Desai, Caroline MacEwen
OBJECTIVE: To identify the population at risk of serious ocular trauma by exploring relationships with socioeconomic factors. DESIGN: National, prospective, population-based, cross-sectional and follow-up study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with serious ocular trauma requiring hospital admission in Scotland. METHODS: Case definition and ascertainment-cases of serious ocular trauma necessitating admission to hospital under the care of a consultant ophthalmologist were identified using the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit reporting scheme...
March 8, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247535/factors-affecting-peer-reviewed-publication-of-abstracts-presented-at-meetings-of-the-european-college-of-veterinary-ophthalmologists-2008-2012
#8
Ron Ofri, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Nadav Yair
PURPOSE: To review abstracts presented at five consecutive meetings of the European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (ECVO), and identify abstract characteristics that affect the probability of their publication in peer-reviewed journals. METHODS: An online search was conducted for peer-reviewed publications (PRPs) stemming from abstracts from five ECVO meetings (2008-2012). Time to publication and journal were noted. Effects of ocular tissue/discipline, species, type of presentation and study, funding acknowledgment and affiliation, professional qualifications, and nationality of the first and last authors on probability of publication were analyzed...
March 1, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241867/securing-an-otl-hns-residency-how-competitive-is-it-comparing-medical-student-perceptions-to-actual-canadian-statistics
#9
E Kay-Rivest, N Varma, G M Scott, J J Manoukian, M Desrosiers, J P Vaccani, L H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The residency match is an important event in an aspiring physician's career. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (OTL-HNS) is a surgical specialty that has enjoyed high numbers of applicants to its residency programs. However, recent trends in Canada show a decline in first-choice applicants to several surgical fields. Factors thought to influence a medical student's choice include role models, career opportunities and work-life balance. The notion of perceived competitiveness is a factor that has not yet been explored...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203055/resident-surgeon-efficiency-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#10
Andrew C Pittner, Brian R Sullivan
PURPOSE: Comparison of resident surgeon performance efficiencies in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) versus conventional phacoemulsification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on consecutive patients undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery performed by senior ophthalmology residents under the supervision of 1 attending physician during a 9-month period in a large Veterans Affairs medical center. Medical records were reviewed for demographic information, preoperative nucleus grade, femtosecond laser pretreatment, operative procedure times, total operating room times, and surgical complications...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104385/an-evidence-based-approach-to-surgical-teaching-in-ophthalmology
#11
Alice C Lorch, Carolyn E Kloek
An apprenticeship model has traditionally been used in procedural and surgical teaching. As the pressures of work hours and patient outcome monitoring increase, surgical teachers need a more flexible plan for teaching procedural skills. We attempt to delineate a program of preprocedural, intraprocedural, and postprocedural teaching that can be used in the field of ophthalmology to maximize a resident's skill acquisition in a constructive learning environment. We review the literature on surgical teaching from within ophthalmology as well as other surgical fields and combine this with teaching experience in an ophthalmic surgical training program to produce a collection of procedural teaching guidelines...
January 17, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099282/risk-factors-for-acanthamoeba-keratitis-a-multistate-case-control-study-2008-2011
#12
Allison C Brown, Jonathan Ross, Daniel B Jones, Sarah A Collier, Tracy L Ayers, Robert M Hoekstra, Bryon Backensen, Sharon L Roy, Michael J Beach, Jonathan S Yoder
OBJECTIVE: To identify modifiable risk factors contributing to Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) infection. METHODS: A case-control investigation was conducted. Case patients were soft contact lens wearers with laboratory-confirmed AK. Control were soft contact lens wearers ≥12 years of age, with no history of AK. Case patients were recruited from 14 ophthalmology referral centers and a clinical laboratory. Control were matched on state of residence and type of primary eye care provider (ophthalmologist or optometrist)...
January 17, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060395/design-and-validation-of-a-training-simulator-for-laser-capsulotomy-peripheral-iridotomy-and-retinopexy
#13
Sarah M Simpson, Kelly D Schweitzer, Davin E Johnson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ophthalmology trainees commonly learn laser procedures on live patients. A simulator for learning peripheral iridotomy (PI), posterior capsulotomy, and retinopexy may improve patient outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A model eye with artificial tissues was designed. The tissues reacted to laser similarly to human tissues. Inexperienced (n = 6; first- to third-year residents) and experienced (n = 7; fourth- to fifth-year residents and staff) ophthalmic personal were compared on performance of the above laser procedures...
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051985/eye-care-productivity-and-access-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#14
Mary G Lynch, April Maa, William Delaune, Joel Chasan, Glenn C Cockerham
OBJECTIVES: Eye care in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System is challenged with increasing demand and higher prevalence of patients with complex ocular conditions. Understanding factors that impact eye care productivity and access is necessary for appropriate allocation of resources. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of various eye clinic personnel on eye care provider productivity and patient access. METHODS: Utilizing data from the Veterans Health Administration National Data Warehouse, workload and level of staffing were analyzed...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002187/early-reoperation-rate-complication-and-outcomes-in-resident-performed-glaucoma-surgery
#15
Yen C Hsia, Jun Hui Lee, Qi N Cui, Jay M Stewart, Ayman Naseri, Travis Porco, Robert L Stamper, Ying Han
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to examine reoperation rate and complications of resident-performed glaucoma surgeries within the first 90 postoperative days. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of resident-performed glaucoma filtering surgeries at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center between 2002 and 2014 was performed. Patients requiring reoperation within 90 days of the initial surgery were included in our study. Combined surgeries were excluded...
February 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997464/evaluation-of-the-american-society-of-ophthalmic-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-asoprs-fellowship-program-website-content-and-quality
#16
Natalie Homer, Michael K Yoon
PURPOSE: The qualities that applicants value in the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) fellowship programs have been studied, but the availability of this information on program websites has not yet been reviewed. The authors evaluated the availability of resident-valued ASOPRS fellowship program information on the Internet. METHODS: The authors performed an Internet search of the 53 ASOPRS fellowship program websites and evaluated websites for 20 characteristics of interest to ASOPRS fellowship applicants such as teaching faculty, program description, rotation schedule, operative cases, and interview information...
December 16, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977614/association-between-pterygium-and-obesity-status-in-a-south-korean-population
#17
Ga Eun Nam, Seonjoo Kim, Ji-Sun Paik, Hyun-Seung Kim, Kyung-Sun Na
This study examined the association between pterygium and obesity status by examining a nationally representative sample of South Korean adults.This population-based, cross-sectional study comprised 16,234 adults (aged ≥19 years) who had participated in the fifth annual Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. The enrolled subjects underwent interviews, clinical examinations, and laboratory investigations. We compared body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), according to the presence of pterygium...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974305/cross-national-comparison-of-medication-use-in-australian-and-dutch-nursing-homes
#18
Katja Taxis, Sjoerd Kochen, Hans Wouters, Froukje Boersma, Maring Jan Gerard, Hans Mulder, Jugoslav Pavlovic, Gerard Stevens, McLachlan Andrew, Lisa G Pont
BACKGROUND: cross-national comparisons can be used to explore therapeutic areas and identify potential medication issues. METHODS: we used cross-sectional pharmacy supply data to explore medication use for nursing home residents in Australia (AU n = 26 homes, 1,560 residents) and the Netherlands (NL n = 6 homes, 2,037 residents). Binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the sex and aged adjusted odds ratios (OR) and associated 95% confidence intervals with a flexible Bonferroni-Holm procedure used to adjust for multiple hypothesis testing...
December 14, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898976/development-and-validation-of-a-deep-learning-algorithm-for-detection-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-retinal-fundus-photographs
#19
Varun Gulshan, Lily Peng, Marc Coram, Martin C Stumpe, Derek Wu, Arunachalam Narayanaswamy, Subhashini Venugopalan, Kasumi Widner, Tom Madams, Jorge Cuadros, Ramasamy Kim, Rajiv Raman, Philip C Nelson, Jessica L Mega, Dale R Webster
Importance: Deep learning is a family of computational methods that allow an algorithm to program itself by learning from a large set of examples that demonstrate the desired behavior, removing the need to specify rules explicitly. Application of these methods to medical imaging requires further assessment and validation. Objective: To apply deep learning to create an algorithm for automated detection of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema in retinal fundus photographs...
December 13, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898580/resident-compliance-with-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology-preferred-practice-patterns-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-suspect
#20
Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi T Kromrei, Frank S Hwang, Jia Yin
PURPOSE: To study resident compliance with the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Preferred Practice Patterns (PPPs) for primary open-angle glaucoma suspect (POAGS) in a resident ophthalmology clinic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred charts were selected for analysis of adult patients with the International Classification of Diseases diagnosis code for POAGS during their initial visit between November 2, 2010 and May 6, 2014 at the Kresge Eye Institute resident clinic...
December 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
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