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Ophthalmology residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060395/design-and-validation-of-a-training-simulator-for-laser-capsulotomy-peripheral-iridotomy-and-retinopexy
#1
Sarah M Simpson, Kelly D Schweitzer, Davin E Johnson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ophthalmology trainees commonly learn laser procedures on live patients. A simulator for learning peripheral iridotomy (PI), posterior capsulotomy, and retinopexy may improve patient outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A model eye with artificial tissues was designed. The tissues reacted to laser similarly to human tissues. Inexperienced (n = 6; first- to third-year residents) and experienced (n = 7; fourth- to fifth-year residents and staff) ophthalmic personal were compared on performance of the above laser procedures...
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051985/eye-care-productivity-and-access-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#2
Mary G Lynch, April Maa, William Delaune, Joel Chasan, Glenn C Cockerham
OBJECTIVES: Eye care in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System is challenged with increasing demand and higher prevalence of patients with complex ocular conditions. Understanding factors that impact eye care productivity and access is necessary for appropriate allocation of resources. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of various eye clinic personnel on eye care provider productivity and patient access. METHODS: Utilizing data from the Veterans Health Administration National Data Warehouse, workload and level of staffing were analyzed...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002187/early-reoperation-rate-complication-and-outcomes-in-resident-performed-glaucoma-surgery
#3
Yen C Hsia, Jun Hui Lee, Qi N Cui, Jay M Stewart, Ayman Naseri, Travis Porco, Robert L Stamper, Ying Han
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to examine reoperation rate and complications of resident-performed glaucoma surgeries within the first 90 postoperative days. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of resident-performed glaucoma filtering surgeries at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center between 2002 and 2014 was performed. Patients requiring reoperation within 90 days of the initial surgery were included in our study. Combined surgeries were excluded...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997464/evaluation-of-the-american-society-of-ophthalmic-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-asoprs-fellowship-program-website-content-and-quality
#4
Natalie Homer, Michael K Yoon
PURPOSE: The qualities that applicants value in the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) fellowship programs have been studied, but the availability of this information on program websites has not yet been reviewed. The authors evaluated the availability of resident-valued ASOPRS fellowship program information on the Internet. METHODS: The authors performed an Internet search of the 53 ASOPRS fellowship program websites and evaluated websites for 20 characteristics of interest to ASOPRS fellowship applicants such as teaching faculty, program description, rotation schedule, operative cases, and interview information...
December 16, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977614/association-between-pterygium-and-obesity-status-in-a-south-korean-population
#5
Ga Eun Nam, Seonjoo Kim, Ji-Sun Paik, Hyun-Seung Kim, Kyung-Sun Na
This study examined the association between pterygium and obesity status by examining a nationally representative sample of South Korean adults.This population-based, cross-sectional study comprised 16,234 adults (aged ≥19 years) who had participated in the fifth annual Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. The enrolled subjects underwent interviews, clinical examinations, and laboratory investigations. We compared body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), according to the presence of pterygium...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974305/cross-national-comparison-of-medication-use-in-australian-and-dutch-nursing-homes
#6
Katja Taxis, Sjoerd Kochen, Hans Wouters, Froukje Boersma, Maring Jan Gerard, Hans Mulder, Jugoslav Pavlovic, Gerard Stevens, McLachlan Andrew, Lisa G Pont
BACKGROUND: cross-national comparisons can be used to explore therapeutic areas and identify potential medication issues. METHODS: we used cross-sectional pharmacy supply data to explore medication use for nursing home residents in Australia (AU n = 26 homes, 1,560 residents) and the Netherlands (NL n = 6 homes, 2,037 residents). Binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the sex and aged adjusted odds ratios (OR) and associated 95% confidence intervals with a flexible Bonferroni-Holm procedure used to adjust for multiple hypothesis testing...
December 14, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898976/development-and-validation-of-a-deep-learning-algorithm-for-detection-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-retinal-fundus-photographs
#7
Varun Gulshan, Lily Peng, Marc Coram, Martin C Stumpe, Derek Wu, Arunachalam Narayanaswamy, Subhashini Venugopalan, Kasumi Widner, Tom Madams, Jorge Cuadros, Ramasamy Kim, Rajiv Raman, Philip C Nelson, Jessica L Mega, Dale R Webster
Importance: Deep learning is a family of computational methods that allow an algorithm to program itself by learning from a large set of examples that demonstrate the desired behavior, removing the need to specify rules explicitly. Application of these methods to medical imaging requires further assessment and validation. Objective: To apply deep learning to create an algorithm for automated detection of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema in retinal fundus photographs...
13, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898580/resident-compliance-with-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology-preferred-practice-patterns-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-suspect
#8
Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi T Kromrei, Frank S Hwang, Jia Yin
PURPOSE: To study resident compliance with the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Preferred Practice Patterns (PPPs) for primary open-angle glaucoma suspect (POAGS) in a resident ophthalmology clinic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred charts were selected for analysis of adult patients with the International Classification of Diseases diagnosis code for POAGS during their initial visit between November 2, 2010 and May 6, 2014 at the Kresge Eye Institute resident clinic...
December 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894285/implementing-an-electronic-learning-management-system-for-an-ophthalmology-residency-program
#9
EDITORIAL
Nicholas R Mahoney, Michael V Boland, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Divya Srikumaran
BACKGROUND: Medical educators, residents and administrators have increasing access to a large quantity of electronic resources. This content can augment and improve our teaching methods but can be difficult to consolidate and present. A multitude of electronic learning management systems are available to help organize and serve this content though never with small residency programs as the target userbase. As our residency program in Ophthalmology looked to consolidate our electronic resources and update our education methods, we evaluated and built an electronic learning management platform...
November 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885427/-the-homburger-curriculum-as-a-model-for-medical-resident-education-for-ophthalmologists-at-saarland-university-medical-center
#10
S Goebels, A Viestenz, B Seitz
BACKGROUND: The Homburger Curriculum was introduced in 2012 to enhance the medical resident education and professional satisfaction. At the same time different steps were taken to encourage applications of eligible candidates. METHODS: To address candidates, the Homburger Curriculum is presented on the department's website and a short-term hospitation was introduced. The curriculum has been divided into time slots of 4 months throughout the 5 years of residency...
November 24, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875598/results-of-the-2016-national-resident-matching-program%C3%A2-1986-2016-a-comparison-of-family-medicine-e-roads-and-other-select-specialties
#11
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Ashley Bentley, Gerald Fetter
This article is a continuation in a series of national studies conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians that reports the performance of family medicine and other primary care specialties in the National Residency Matching Program® (NRMP) Main Residency Match, hereafter called the Match. Match data from 1986-2016 were analyzed to compare the numbers of positions offered and filled in family medicine, other primary care specialties, emergency medicine, diagnostic radiology, ophthalmology, anesthesiology, and dermatology (E-ROAD), and other select specialties...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861336/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-is-associated-with-myopia-in-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
Jin-Woo Kwon, Jin A Choi, Tae Yoon La
The aim of this article was to assess the associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and daily sun exposure time with myopia in Korean adults.This study is based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) of Korean adults in 2010-2012; multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations of serum 25(OH)D levels and daily sun exposure time with myopia, defined as spherical equivalent ≤-0.5D, after adjustment for age, sex, household income, body mass index (BMI), exercise, intraocular pressure (IOP), and education level...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819779/-quality-of-corneal-tissue-procured-by-trained-non-ophthalmologist-medical-personnel
#13
Karla Verdiguel-Sotelo, Arturo Carrasco-Quiroz, Paul Alejandro López-Macías, Roberto Ortiz-Lerma
BACKGROUND: The cornea is the first tissue awaiting transplantation at a national level. It is imperative to train health personnel in procurement technique with excision of corneoscleral button in situ. The objective was to compare the quality of corneal tissue procured by social service medical interns and Ophthalmology residents in a third level hospital. METHODS: We performed a quasi-experimental pilot study with two groups: group 1, which included trained social service medical interns, and group 2, which included trained residents of Ophthalmology...
November 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800250/comparison-of-different-types-of-complications-in-the-phacoemulsification-surgery-learning-curve-according-to-number-of-operations-performed
#14
Mehmet Serhat Mangan, Eray Atalay, Ceyhun Arıcı, İbrahim Tuncer, Mustafa Değer Bilgeç
OBJECTIVES: To compare the differences in intraoperative complications rates by the number of resident-performed sequential phacoemulsification surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative ophthalmological examination records and intraoperative data of 180 eyes of 140 patients who underwent cataract surgery by two residents between November 2009 and February 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. The data of 180 eyes were separated into 3 groups based on the number of operations performed: Group A (first 1-60 eyes), group B (61-120 eyes) and group C (last 121-180 eyes)...
January 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790350/adherence-to-treatment-in-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma-and-its-related-factors
#15
Tayebeh Movahedinejad, Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery
INTRODUCTION: Lack of adherence to medical treatments typically lead to burdensome consequences such as progressive visual impairment, blindness, and disabilities. This study aimed to determine the adherence to medication in patients with open-angle glaucoma and related factors in patients referred to the Matini Ophthalmology Hospital in Kashan, Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 23 July 2015 to 20 January 2016 on all patients with open-angle glaucoma referred to the Matini Ophthalmology Hospital in Kashan, Iran...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778447/distribution-of-intraocular-pressure-central-corneal-thickness-and-vertical-cup-to-disc-ratio-in-a-healthy-iranian-population-the-yazd-eye-study
#16
Mohammad Pakravan, Mohammad Ali Javadi, Shahin Yazdani, Elham Ghahari, Zohreh Behroozi, Reza Soleimanizad, Sasan Moghimi, Naveed Nilforoushan, Reza Zarei, Yadollah Eslami, Mahmood Ghassami, Hossein Ziaei, Marzieh Katibeh, Hanif Tabesh, Mehdi Yaseri
PURPOSE: To determine the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT) and vertical cup-to-disc ratio (VCDR) in the healthy Iranian population. METHODS: This population-based, epidemiologic study evaluated Iranian aged 40-80 years, residing in Yazd, Iran, in 2010-2011. Eligible subjects were selected by cluster random sampling. Each participant underwent an interview and ophthalmologic examination including slit lamp examination, Goldmann applanation tonometry, binocular optic disc evaluation, stereoscopic fundus photography, ultrasonic pachymetry and visual field testing...
October 25, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769319/canadian-ophthalmic-microsurgery-course-an-innovative-spin-on-wet-lab-based-surgical-education
#17
Eddie Y Liu, Bo Li, Cindy M L Hutnik
Wet lab and surgical simulation can reduce the learning curve of difficult surgical techniques, accelerate the rate for trainees to achieve surgical competency, and improve patient safety. To provide the most up-to-date information and hands-on experiences with novel ophthalmic surgical techniques and instruments, the Department of Ophthalmology at Western University has created a wet lab-based, multilevel microsurgery skills transfer course through collaboration with various industry partners. Several elements in the course goal and design differentiate this type of surgical course from typical wet labs: the format is multileveled surgical training, with a beginner level targeting undergraduate medical students, an intermediate level for ophthalmology residents, and an advanced level for trained ophthalmologist...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757248/an-outbreak-investigation-of-congenital-rubella-syndrome-in-solomon-islands-2013
#18
Kara N Durski, Carol Tituli, Divi Ogaoga, Jennie Musto, Cynthia Joshua, Alfred Dofai, Jennie Leydon, Eric Nilles
INTRODUCTION: During May 2012, a rubella outbreak was declared in Solomon Islands. A suspected case of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) was reported from one hospital 11 months later in 2013. This report describes the subsequent CRS investigation, findings and measures implemented. METHODS: Prospective CRS surveillance was conducted at the newborn nursery, paediatric and post-natal wards, and the paediatric cardiology and ophthalmology clinics of the study hospital from April to July 2013...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725388/design-of-novel-ophthalmic-formulation-containing-drug-nanoparticles-and-its-usefulness-as-anti-glaucoma-drugs
#19
Noriaki Nagai
 The ophthalmic application of drugs is the primary route of administration for the therapy of glaucoma; however, in traditional formulations, only small amounts of the administered drug penetrate the cornea to reach the desired intraocular tissue due to corneal barriers. Recently, nanoparticulate drug delivery is expected as a technology to overcome the difficulties in delivering drugs across biological barriers (improvement of bioavailability). In this study, we attempted to establish a new method for preparing solid drug nanoparticles by using a bead mill and various additives, and succeeded in preparing a high quality dispersion containing drug nanoparticles...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722103/rising-trends-of-neurocysticercosis-a-serological-report-from-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#20
Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
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