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Ophthalmology residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155795/in-vivo-imaging-of-cx3cr1gfp-gfp-reporter-mice-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-and-scanning-laser-ophthalmoscopy
#1
Despina Kokona, Joël Jovanovic, Andreas Ebneter, Martin S Zinkernagel
Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) are extensively used in experimental ophthalmology. In the present protocol, mice expressing green fluorescent protein (gfp) under the promoter of Cx3cr1 (BALB/c-Cx3cr1(gfp/gfp)) were used to image microglia cells in vivo in the retina. Microglia are resident macrophages of the retina and have been implicated in several retinal diseases(1)(,)(2)(,)(3)(,)(4)(,)(5)(,)(6). This protocol provides a detailed approach for generation of retinal B-scans, with SD-OCT, and imaging of microglia cell distribution in Cx3cr1(gfp/gfp) mice with SLO in vivo, using an ophthalmic imaging platform system...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#2
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121175/association-of-the-presence-of-trainees-with-outpatient-appointment-times-in-an-ophthalmology-clinic
#3
Isaac H Goldstein, Michelle R Hribar, Sarah Read-Brown, Michael F Chiang
Importance: Physicians face pressure to improve clinical efficiency, particularly with electronic health record (EHR) adoption and gradual shifts toward value-based reimbursement models. These pressures are especially pronounced in academic medical centers, where delivery of care must be balanced with medical education. However, the association of the presence of trainees with clinical efficiency in outpatient ophthalmology clinics is not known. Objective: To quantify the association of the presence of trainees (residents and fellows) and efficiency in an outpatient ophthalmology clinic...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120720/advanced-cataract-learning-experience-in-united-states-ophthalmology-residency-programs
#4
Adam J Yen, Saras Ramanathan
This study examined resident exposure to and competency in new techniques for cataract removal and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. A questionnaire was sent to 116 United States ophthalmology program directors and completed by 71. In response to the questionnaire, program directors reported that 95.3% of their graduating seniors were competent to select and implant toric IOLs and 52.3% were competent to implant capsular tension rings (CTRs). Divide and conquer (56.6%) and stop and chop (25.4%) dominated phacoemulsification teaching...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116728/the-resident-surgeon-phacoemulsification-learning-curve-at-clinical-department-of-ophthalmology-sestre-milosrdnice-university-hospital-center
#5
Valentina Lacmanović Lončar, Rašeljka Tadić, Lana Dujmović, Lana Knežević, Ana Koluder, Marta Vidović, Iva Krolo, Željko Kaurić, Vanda Gašpar Mitrečić, Ivanka Petric Vicković, Renata Iveković, Zoran Vatavuk
The aim of the study was to analyze the resident learning process of phacoemulsification cataract surgery and to assess the resident phacoemulsification learning curve. This prospective study comprised 86 consecutive cases of phacoemulsification performed using standard technique by eight residents over a one-year period at Clinical Department of Ophthalmology, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center in Zagreb. Operative data on each case included resident and attending surgeon, date of operation, step-by-step success questionnaire, and intraoperative complications...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110124/-who-visits-an-ophthalmologist-and-how-often-results-of-the-german-nationwide-adult-health-survey-degs1
#6
A K Schuster, C Wolfram, B Bertram, N Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of eye diseases increases in the second half of life, especially cataract, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. In this study we examined the influencing factors for visiting an ophthalmologist in the last 12 months. METHODS: Visits to an ophthalmologist's practice in the last 12 months and the frequency were surveyed in the German nationwide adult health survey wave 1 (DEGS1) study (baseline examination from 2008 to 2011, N = 7987, 52...
November 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103964/leadership-of-united-states-academic-departments-of-ophthalmology-chairperson-characteristics-accomplishments-and-personal-insights
#7
Gad Dotan, Hanya M Qureshi, Steven S Saraf, Deborah A Darnley-Fisch
PURPOSE: To report on the characteristics, accomplishments, and past experiences of current academic ophthalmology department chairs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A confidential online survey. STUDY POPULATION: 111 chairs of US academic ophthalmology departments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chairs' general characteristics, training/former positions held, academic accomplishments, previous organization/committee involvement, motivation/insight, and overall work satisfaction...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100608/-outpatient-management-without-day-1-clinical-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-uncomplicated-filtering-surgery
#8
A-L Jeancolas, J-B Conart, F Tréchot, J-P Berrod, K Angioi-Duprez, T Maalouf
INTRODUCTION: Although the general increase in ambulatory surgery allows for a 20% reduction in costs of hospitalization, the necessity of a day 1 postoperative visit remains the main problem for elderly patients or those who reside at considerable distance. For these reasons, in 2014, we decided to only see patients with uncomplicated filtering surgery at D5 and D21 and to replace the D1 visit with a telephone call. The primary goal of our study was to analyze a population of patients undergoing uncomplicated filtering surgery who were not seen at D1 and to describe the frequency of postoperative complications, intraocular pressure results and therapeutic management at D5 and D21...
October 31, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093554/the-prevalence-of-double-eyelid-and-the-3d-measurement-of-orbital-soft-tissue-in-malays-and-chinese
#9
Ting Yin Lu, Kathreena Kadir, Wei Cheong Ngeow, Siti Adibah Othman
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of double eyelid among two main Mongoloid ethnicities, the Malays and Chinese who reside in Malaysia. We also measured their periorbital tissue parameters for application in anthropology, optometry, ophthalmology, oculoplastic surgery and maxillofacial trauma surgery. The images of the 103 Malay and 97 Chinese volunteers were captured using indirect 3D photogrammetry, and quantitative measurement was obtained using the software provided by the manufacturer. All Malays and 70...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023557/stard-2015-was-reproducible-in-a-large-set-of-studies-on-glaucoma
#10
Gianni Virgili, Manuele Michelessi, Alba Miele, Francesco Oddone, Giada Crescioli, Valeria Fameli, Ersilia Lucenteforte
AIM: To investigate the reproducibility of the updated Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool (STARD 2015) in a set of 106 studies included in a Cochrane diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) systematic review of imaging tests for diagnosing manifest glaucoma. METHODS: One senior rater with DTA methodological and clinical expertise used STARD 2015 on all studies, and each of three raters with different training profiles assessed about a third of the studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023268/surgical-simulation-training-reduces-intraoperative-cataract-surgery-complications-among-residents
#11
Patrick C Staropoli, Ninel Z Gregori, Anna K Junk, Anat Galor, Raquel Goldhardt, Brian E Goldhagen, Wei Shi, William Feuer
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective consecutive case series examined whether training on a surgical simulator reduces intraoperative complication rates among novice ophthalmology residents learning cataract surgery. METHODS: Beginning July 2014, training on the Eyesi simulator became mandatory for novice postgraduate year 3 ophthalmology residents before live cataract surgery at our institution. Complication rates of the 11 simulator-trained residents (study group) were compared with their immediate 11 simulator-naive predecessors (comparison group)...
October 11, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021716/continuous-curvilinear-capsulorhexis-training-and-non-rhexis-related-vitreous-loss-the-specificity-of-virtual-reality-simulator-surgical-training-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#12
Colin A McCannel
PURPOSE: To assess the specificity of simulation-based virtual reality ophthalmic cataract surgery training on the Eyesi ophthalmic virtual reality surgical simulator, and test the hypothesis that microsurgical motor learning is highly specific. METHODS: Retrospective educational interventional case series. The rates of vitreous loss and retained lens material, and vitreous loss and retained lens material associated with an errant continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) were assessed among 1037 consecutive cataract surgeries performed during four consecutive academic years at a teaching hospital...
August 2017: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985803/flashes-and-floaters-a-survey-of-canadian-ophthalmology-residents-practice-patterns
#13
Parnian Arjmand, Bernard Hurley
BACKGROUND: Residents are often the first point of contact in assessing patients who present with "flashes and floaters" in the emergency ophthalmology clinic. Most often, these symptoms are attributed to a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), which may be associated with a retinal tear in up to 14% of cases. A proper peripheral retinal exam is, thus, imperative, and techniques other than scleral depression may not be sufficient. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of Canadian ophthalmology residents-in-training to understand the current resident practice patterns for examination of the peripheral retina...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985802/creation-and-validation-of-a-simulator-for-corneal-rust-ring-removal
#14
Zale Mednick, Reza Tabanfar, Ashley Alexander, Sarah Simpson, Stephanie Baxter
OBJECTIVE: To create and validate a simulation model for corneal rust ring removal. METHODS: Rust rings were created on cadaveric eyes with the use of small particles of metal. The eyes were mounted on suction plates at slit lamps and the trainees practiced rust ring removal. An inexperienced cohort of medical students and first year ophthalmology residents (n=11), and an experienced cohort of senior residents and faculty (n=11) removed the rust rings from the eyes with the use of a burr...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985800/the-application-of-a-6s-lean-initiative-to-improve-workflow-for-emergency-eye-examination-rooms
#15
Samir Nazarali, Jaspreet Rayat, Hilary Salmonson, Theodora Moss, Pamela Mathura, Karim F Damji
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology residents on call at the Royal Alexandra Hospital identified workplace disorganization and lack of standardization in emergency eye examination rooms as an impediment to efficient patient treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to use the "6S Lean" model to improve workflow in eye examination rooms at the Royal Alexandra Hospital. METHODS: With the assistance of quality improvement consultants, the "6S Lean" model was applied to the current operation of the emergency eye clinic examination rooms...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985799/teaching-binocular-indirect-ophthalmoscopy-to-novice-residents-using-an-augmented-reality-simulator
#16
Amandeep S Rai, Amrit S Rai, Emmanouil Mavrikakis, Wai Ching Lam
OBJECTIVE: To compare the traditional teaching approach of binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy (BIO) to the EyeSI augmented reality (AR) BIO simulator. DESIGN: Prospective randomized control trial. PARTICIPANTS: 28 post-graduate year one (PGY1) ophthalmology residents. METHODS: Residents were recruited at the 2012 Toronto Ophthalmology Residents Introductory Course (TORIC). 15 were randomized to conventional teaching (Group 1), and 13 to augmented reality simulator training (Group 2)...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972437/a-challenging-and-rewarding-time-the-early-days-of-graduate-medical-education-in-dermatology
#17
Margaret Maria Cocks
Specialized residency training was still in its infancy in mid-20th century America. While specialty boards in various fields such as ophthalmology and otolaryngology had been established in the 1920s and 1930s, the details of training programs were still being fine-tuned and formal curricula were lacking. In dermatology, three prominent physicians including Harry L. Arnold Jr., J. Lamar Callaway and Walter B. Shelley trained during these experimental days of medical education. Each of them captured personal reflections of their own training experiences in brief memoirs published in scientific journals...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961602/impact-of-video-technology-for-improving-success-of-medial-canthus-episcleral-anesthesia-in-ophthalmology
#18
Gilles Guerrier, Pierre-Raphaël Rothschild, Mathieu Lehmann, Frédéric Azan, Christophe Baillard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Efficient learning of regional anesthesia in ophthalmology remains challenging because trainees are afforded limited opportunity to practice ocular anesthesia. The aim of this prospective, randomized, blinded study was to determine whether teaching with video improves regional anesthesia skills of residents in ophthalmology. METHODS: From January to October 2016, 32 novice anesthesiology residents were evaluated while performing medial canthus episcleral procedures during a 5-day rotation...
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934326/the-effect-of-electronic-health-record-software-design-on-resident-documentation-and-compliance-with-evidence-based-medicine
#19
Yasaira Rodriguez Torres, Jordan Huang, Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi Kromrei, Frank S Hwang
This study aimed to determine the role of electronic health record software in resident education by evaluating documentation of 30 elements extracted from the American Academy of Ophthalmology Dry Eye Syndrome Preferred Practice Pattern. The Kresge Eye Institute transitioned to using electronic health record software in June 2013. We evaluated the charts of 331 patients examined in the resident ophthalmology clinic between September 1, 2011, and March 31, 2014, for an initial evaluation for dry eye syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905816/how-good-a-surgeon-are-you-standardized-formative-assessment-of-surgical-competence-for-ophthalmology-residents-in-training
#20
EDITORIAL
Santosh G Honavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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