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Ophthalmology residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344461/using-role-plays-as-an-empathy-education-tool-for-ophthalmology-postgraduate
#1
Kirti Singh, Mainak Bhattacharyya, Vikas Veerwal, Arshi Singh
Purpose: To assess the role of an "empathy sensitizing module" (ESM) in ophthalmology postgraduates in promoting effective empathetic communication. Methodology: Thirty-nine ophthalmology postgraduates were taught effective empathetic communication using specially designed module, comprising of five illustrative role-plays. We evaluated the impact of the training by (a) self-assessment of empathy quotient by residents using Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE scale) before and 6 weeks after ESM training and (b) nonparticipant observation (NPO) by trained faculty in real-life settings over the next 4 months...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326848/the-knowledge-of-eye-physicians-on-local-anesthetic-toxicity-and-intravenous-lipid-treatment-questionnaire-study
#2
Aykut Urfalıoğlu, Selma Urfalıoğlu, Gözen Öksüz
Objectives: To evaluate the knowledge of ophthalmologists regarding local anesthesia toxicity syndrome (LATS) and intravenous lipid emulsion used in treatment, and to raise awareness of this issue. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire comprising 14 questions about demographics, local anesthesia (LA) use, toxicity, and treatment methods was administered to ophthalmologists at different hospitals. Results: The study included 104 ophthalmologists (25% residents, 67...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230265/-juvenile-myasthenia-gravis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-case-study-of-two-consanguine-sisters-born-from-consanguinity-in-togo
#3
Nidain Maneh, Kossivi Apetse, Bénédicte Marèbe Diatewa, Sidik Abou-Bakr Domingo, Aidé Isabelle Agba, Koffi Didier Ayena, Koffi Agnon Balogou, Komi Patrice Balo
Myasthenia gravis is a rare acquired autoimmune pathology causing neuromuscular transmission impairment. Juvenile onset of myasthenia gravis is often characterized by ocular involvement. We report two cases of ocular juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) in two siblings. They were two young girls, XA and XB, aged 11 and 9 years, of Malian origin, residing in Togo, born from first-degree of consanguinity presenting to Ophthalmology due to progressive decrease in visual acuity. XA showed visual acuity 8/10 on both eyes while XB showed improvement in visual acuity from 3/10 to 7/10 using a pinhole occluder, suggesting ametropia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217019/effect-of-music-on-surgical-skill-during-simulated-intraocular-surgery
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ralph Kyrillos, Mathieu Caissie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Mozart music compared to silence on anterior segment surgical skill in the context of simulated intraocular surgery. DESIGN: Prospective stratified and randomized noninferiority trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen ophthalmologists and 12 residents in ophthalmology. METHODS: All participants were asked to perform 4 sets of predetermined tasks on the EyeSI surgical simulator (VRmagic, Mannheim, Germany)...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208806/cataract-surgery-training-during-ophthalmology-residency-in-india-challenges-and-how-to-overcome-them
#5
EDITORIAL
Suresh K Pandey, Vidushi Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181517/musculoskeletal-disorders-in-ophthalmologists-after-simulated-cataract-operation-a-pilot-study
#6
Zachary D Pearce, Mathew A Zatkin, Jon Bruner
Context: Musculoskeletal disorders are a common problem among ophthalmologists, likely due to ergonomic challenges. Most research on the topic has been survey-based studies, which carry inherent weaknesses. Objective: To examine the frequency and pattern of musculoskeletal dysfunction induced by performing a surgical procedure and to quantify the improvement after ergonomic interventions. Methods: Ophthalmology residents from a single academic institution were invited to participate in the study on a volunteer basis...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176420/trends-and-predictors-of-national-institutes-of-health-funding-to-plastic-surgery-residency-programs
#7
Jason Silvestre, Joseph M Abbatematteo, Benjamin Chang, Joseph M Serletti
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated low levels of National Institutes of Health funding for surgical research. The authors compared the funding in plastic surgery with the funding for other surgical specialties. METHODS: A query of National Institutes of Health grants awarded to departments of surgical specialties was performed using the National Institutes of Health RePORTER database (2008 to 2016). Trends in funding were compared by specialty and adjusted for the number of active physicians in each specialty...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167903/access-to-ophthalmologists-in-states-where-optometrists-have-expanded-scope-of-practice
#8
Joshua D Stein, Kapil G Kapoor, Joshua L Tootoo, Ruiyang Li, Alan Wagner, Chris Andrews, Marie Lynn Miranda
Importance: As the United States considers how to best structure its health care services, specialty care availability is receiving increased focus. This study assesses whether patients lack reasonable access to ophthalmologists in states where optometrists have been granted expanded scope of practice. Objective: To determine the estimated travel time (ETT) to the nearest ophthalmologist office for persons residing in states that have expanded scope of practice for optometrists, and to quantify ETT to the nearest ophthalmologist for Medicare beneficiaries who received surgical care from optometrists in those states between 2008 and 2014...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155795/in-vivo-imaging-of-cx3cr1gfp-gfp-reporter-mice-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-and-scanning-laser-ophthalmoscopy
#9
Despina Kokona, Joël Jovanovic, Andreas Ebneter, Martin S Zinkernagel
Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) are extensively used in experimental ophthalmology. In the present protocol, mice expressing green fluorescent protein (gfp) under the promoter of Cx3cr1 (BALB/c-Cx3cr1(gfp/gfp)) were used to image microglia cells in vivo in the retina. Microglia are resident macrophages of the retina and have been implicated in several retinal diseases(1)(,)(2)(,)(3)(,)(4)(,)(5)(,)(6). This protocol provides a detailed approach for generation of retinal B-scans, with SD-OCT, and imaging of microglia cell distribution in Cx3cr1(gfp/gfp) mice with SLO in vivo, using an ophthalmic imaging platform system...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#10
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121175/association-of-the-presence-of-trainees-with-outpatient-appointment-times-in-an-ophthalmology-clinic
#11
Isaac H Goldstein, Michelle R Hribar, Sarah Read-Brown, Michael F Chiang
Importance: Physicians face pressure to improve clinical efficiency, particularly with electronic health record (EHR) adoption and gradual shifts toward value-based reimbursement models. These pressures are especially pronounced in academic medical centers, where delivery of care must be balanced with medical education. However, the association of the presence of trainees with clinical efficiency in outpatient ophthalmology clinics is not known. Objective: To quantify the association of the presence of trainees (residents and fellows) and efficiency in an outpatient ophthalmology clinic...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120720/advanced-cataract-learning-experience-in-united-states-ophthalmology-residency-programs
#12
Adam J Yen, Saras Ramanathan
This study examined resident exposure to and competency in new techniques for cataract removal and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. A questionnaire was sent to 116 United States ophthalmology program directors and completed by 71. In response to the questionnaire, program directors reported that 95.3% of their graduating seniors were competent to select and implant toric IOLs and 52.3% were competent to implant capsular tension rings (CTRs). Divide and conquer (56.6%) and stop and chop (25.4%) dominated phacoemulsification teaching...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116728/the-resident-surgeon-phacoemulsification-learning-curve-at-clinical-department-of-ophthalmology-sestre-milosrdnice-university-hospital-center
#13
Valentina Lacmanović Lončar, Rašeljka Tadić, Lana Dujmović, Lana Knežević, Ana Koluder, Marta Vidović, Iva Krolo, Željko Kaurić, Vanda Gašpar Mitrečić, Ivanka Petric Vicković, Renata Iveković, Zoran Vatavuk
The aim of the study was to analyze the resident learning process of phacoemulsification cataract surgery and to assess the resident phacoemulsification learning curve. This prospective study comprised 86 consecutive cases of phacoemulsification performed using standard technique by eight residents over a one-year period at Clinical Department of Ophthalmology, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center in Zagreb. Operative data on each case included resident and attending surgeon, date of operation, step-by-step success questionnaire, and intraoperative complications...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110124/-who-visits-an-ophthalmologist-and-how-often-results-of-the-german-nationwide-adult-health-survey-degs1
#14
A K Schuster, C Wolfram, B Bertram, N Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of eye diseases increases in the second half of life, especially cataract, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. In this study we examined the influencing factors for visiting an ophthalmologist in the last 12 months. METHODS: Visits to an ophthalmologist's practice in the last 12 months and the frequency were surveyed in the German nationwide adult health survey wave 1 (DEGS1) study (baseline examination from 2008 to 2011, N = 7987, 52...
November 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103964/leadership-of-united-states-academic-departments-of-ophthalmology-chairperson-characteristics-accomplishments-and-personal-insights
#15
Gad Dotan, Hanya M Qureshi, Steven S Saraf, Deborah A Darnley-Fisch
PURPOSE: To report on the characteristics, accomplishments, and past experiences of current academic ophthalmology department chairs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A confidential online survey. STUDY POPULATION: 111 chairs of US academic ophthalmology departments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chairs' general characteristics, training/former positions held, academic accomplishments, previous organization/committee involvement, motivation/insight, and overall work satisfaction...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100608/-outpatient-management-without-day-1-clinical-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-uncomplicated-filtering-surgery
#16
A-L Jeancolas, J-B Conart, F Tréchot, J-P Berrod, K Angioi-Duprez, T Maalouf
INTRODUCTION: Although the general increase in ambulatory surgery allows for a 20% reduction in costs of hospitalization, the necessity of a day 1 postoperative visit remains the main problem for elderly patients or those who reside at considerable distance. For these reasons, in 2014, we decided to only see patients with uncomplicated filtering surgery at D5 and D21 and to replace the D1 visit with a telephone call. The primary goal of our study was to analyze a population of patients undergoing uncomplicated filtering surgery who were not seen at D1 and to describe the frequency of postoperative complications, intraocular pressure results and therapeutic management at D5 and D21...
October 31, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093554/the-prevalence-of-double-eyelid-and-the-3d-measurement-of-orbital-soft-tissue-in-malays-and-chinese
#17
Ting Yin Lu, Kathreena Kadir, Wei Cheong Ngeow, Siti Adibah Othman
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of double eyelid among two main Mongoloid ethnicities, the Malays and Chinese who reside in Malaysia. We also measured their periorbital tissue parameters for application in anthropology, optometry, ophthalmology, oculoplastic surgery and maxillofacial trauma surgery. The images of the 103 Malay and 97 Chinese volunteers were captured using indirect 3D photogrammetry, and quantitative measurement was obtained using the software provided by the manufacturer. All Malays and 70...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023557/stard-2015-was-reproducible-in-a-large-set-of-studies-on-glaucoma
#18
Gianni Virgili, Manuele Michelessi, Alba Miele, Francesco Oddone, Giada Crescioli, Valeria Fameli, Ersilia Lucenteforte
AIM: To investigate the reproducibility of the updated Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool (STARD 2015) in a set of 106 studies included in a Cochrane diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) systematic review of imaging tests for diagnosing manifest glaucoma. METHODS: One senior rater with DTA methodological and clinical expertise used STARD 2015 on all studies, and each of three raters with different training profiles assessed about a third of the studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023268/surgical-simulation-training-reduces-intraoperative-cataract-surgery-complications-among-residents
#19
Patrick C Staropoli, Ninel Z Gregori, Anna K Junk, Anat Galor, Raquel Goldhardt, Brian E Goldhagen, Wei Shi, William Feuer
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective consecutive case series examined whether training on a surgical simulator reduces intraoperative complication rates among novice ophthalmology residents learning cataract surgery. METHODS: Beginning July 2014, training on the Eyesi simulator became mandatory for novice postgraduate year 3 ophthalmology residents before live cataract surgery at our institution. Complication rates of the 11 simulator-trained residents (study group) were compared with their immediate 11 simulator-naive predecessors (comparison group)...
October 11, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021716/continuous-curvilinear-capsulorhexis-training-and-non-rhexis-related-vitreous-loss-the-specificity-of-virtual-reality-simulator-surgical-training-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#20
Colin A McCannel
PURPOSE: To assess the specificity of simulation-based virtual reality ophthalmic cataract surgery training on the Eyesi ophthalmic virtual reality surgical simulator, and test the hypothesis that microsurgical motor learning is highly specific. METHODS: Retrospective educational interventional case series. The rates of vitreous loss and retained lens material, and vitreous loss and retained lens material associated with an errant continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) were assessed among 1037 consecutive cataract surgeries performed during four consecutive academic years at a teaching hospital...
August 2017: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
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