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Ophthalmology residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785985/effect-of-wet-laboratory-training-on-resident-performed-manual-small-incision-cataract-surgery
#1
Soumya Ramani, Thanuja Gopal Pradeep, Divya D Sundaresh
Purpose: The aim of this study was to study the effect of wet-laboratory training on the surgical outcome of resident performed manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS). Methods: We conducted a retrospective, comparative observational study on resident performed MSICS in our institute. We collected data of 464 patients of which Group A had 232 cases performed by residents without prior wet-laboratory training and Group B had 232 resident performed cases after adequate skill training in the wet laboratory...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785984/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-iii-ophthalmology-residency-training-in-india-then-and-now-improving-with-time
#2
Partha Biswas, Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Quresh Badr Maskati, Sundaram Natarajan, Lalit Verma, Payal K Bansal
Purpose: To gauge the differences in ophthalmology residency training, academic, clinical and surgical, in the last three decades of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century. Methods: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, in 2014-2016, using a prevalidated questionnaire, which was circulated to ophthalmologists to gauge the practicality of the teaching protocols of clinical and surgical skills during postgraduate residency program...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785982/a-national-curriculum-for-ophthalmology-residency-training
#3
Ashok Kumar Grover, Santosh G Honavar, Rajvardhan Azad, Lalit Verma
We present a residency curriculum for Ophthalmology in India. The document derives from a workshop by the All India Ophthalmological Society (AlOS) which adapted the International Council of Ophthalmology residency curriculum and refined and customized it based on inputs by the residency program directors who participated in the work shop. The curriculum describes the course content, lays down the minimum requirements of infrastructure and mandates diagnostic and therapeutic procedures required for optimal training...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785977/steps-to-standardize-ophthalmology-residency-programs-in-india
#4
EDITORIAL
Santosh G Honavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785772/getting-the-picture-visual-interpretation-in-ophthalmology-residency-training
#5
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785084/impact-of-virtual-reality-simulation-on-learning-barriers-of-phacoemulsification-perceived-by-residents
#6
Danny Siu-Chun Ng, Zihan Sun, Alvin Lerrmann Young, Simon Tak-Chuen Ko, Jerry Ka-Hing Lok, Timothy Yuk-Yau Lai, Shameema Sikder, Clement C Tham
Objective: To identify residents' perceived barriers to learning phacoemulsification surgical procedures and to evaluate whether virtual reality simulation training changed these perceptions. Design: The ophthalmology residents undertook a simulation phacoemulsification course and proficiency assessment on the Eyesi system using the previously validated training modules of intracapsular navigation, anti-tremor, capsulorrhexis, and cracking/chopping. A cross-sectional, multicenter survey on the perceived difficulties in performing phacoemulsification tasks on patients, based on the validated International Council of Ophthalmology's Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric (ICO-OSCAR), using a 5-point Likert scale (1 = least and 5 = most difficulty), was conducted among residents with or without prior simulation training...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759257/developing-a-medical-scribe-program-at-an-academic-hospital-the-hennepin-county-medical-center-experience
#7
Marc L Martel, Brian H Imdieke, Kayla M Holm, Sara Poplau, William G Heegaard, Jon L Pryor, Mark Linzer
BACKGROUND: Medical scribes are frequently incorporated into the patient care model to improve provider efficiency and enable providers to refocus their attention to the patient rather than the electronic health record (EHR). The medical scribe program was based on four pillars (objectives): (1) provider satisfaction, (2) standardized documentation, (3) documentation components for risk adjustment, and (4) revenue enhancement. METHODS: The medical scribe program was deployed in nine non-resident-supported clinics (internal medicine, ophthalmology, orthopedics, hematology/oncology, urology), with the medical scribes (who have no clinical duties) supporting both physicians and advanced practice providers (nurse practitioners and physician assistants)...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710220/rate-of-unverifiable-publications-among-ophthalmology-residency-applicants-invited-to-interview
#8
Heather M Tamez, Robert Tauscher, Eric N Brown, Laura Wayman, Louise A Mawn
Importance: Unverifiable publications in applications for ophthalmology residencies could be a serious concern if they represent publication dishonesty. Objective: To determine the rate of unverifiable publications among applicants offered an interview. Design: Retrospective review of 322 ophthalmology residency applications for entering classes 2012 to 2017 at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee. Interventions: Full-length publications reported in the applications were searched in PubMed, Google, Google Scholar, and directly on the journal's website...
April 19, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686752/role-models-influence-on-specialty-choice-for-residency-training-a-national-longitudinal-study
#9
John D Yoon, Sandra A Ham, Shalini T Reddy, Farr A Curlin
Background : Role models in medical school may influence students' residency specialty choice. Objective : We examined whether medical students who reported clinical exposure to a role model during medical school would have an increased likelihood of selecting the role model's specialty for their residencies. Methods : We conducted a 5-year prospective, national longitudinal study (2011-2016) of medical students from 24 US allopathic medical schools, starting from the middle of their third year...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656563/factors-affecting-publication-in-peer-reviewed-journals-of-abstracts-presented-from-2008-to-2012-acvo-meetings
#10
Ellison Bentley, Megan Koester, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Nadav Yair, Ron Ofri
PURPOSE: To examine variables that affect publication of ACVO meeting abstracts in peer-reviewed journals and compare results to ECVO publication rate (PR). METHODS: Published papers were identified via online searches for abstracts from 2008 to 2012 ACVO/ECVO meetings. Variables analyzed (via Pearson's chi-Squared test) included the following: oral presentation/poster, type of abstract (clinical/basic science/case report), species, ocular tissue, nationality, funding, first/last/any author a diplomate, resident as first author, and author affiliation (private practice/university)...
April 14, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651547/-prevalence-of-wearing-glasses-for-children-and-adolescents-in-germany-and-their-ophthalmological-care-results-of-the-nationwide-kiggs-baseline-survey-2003-2006
#11
Alexander K Schuster, Heike M Elflein, Alexander Rommel, Laura Krause, Norbert Pfeiffer, Michael S Urschitz
BACKGROUND: Vision-relevant refractive errors in children require regular ophthalmological control examinations. In this study we estimated the prevalence of wearing glasses for children and adolescents in Germany and the frequency of ophthalmological care. METHODS: We analyzed data of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS, baseline survey 2003-2006, N = 17,640). Wearing glasses was documented from the age of 3 years in the examination part...
April 12, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642939/elimination-of-onchocerciasis-from-colombia-first-proof-of-concept-of-river-blindness-elimination-in-the-world
#12
Rubén Santiago Nicholls, Sofía Duque, Luz Adriana Olaya, Myriam Consuelo López, Sol Beatriz Sánchez, Alba Lucía Morales, Gloria Inés Palma
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis is a chronic parasitic infection originally endemic in 13 discrete regional foci distributed among six countries of Latin America (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico and Venezuela). In Colombia, this disease was discovered in 1965 in the Pacific Coast of the country. The National Onchocerciasis Elimination Program was established in 1993 with the aim of eliminating disease morbidity and infection transmission. In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) verified Colombia as free of onchocerciasis, becoming the first country in the world to reach such a goal...
April 11, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604282/integration-of-a-physician-assistant-into-an-ophthalmology-consult-service-in-an-academic-setting
#13
Benjamin Lee, Mark D'Souza, Eric L Singman, Jiangxia Wang, Fasika A Woreta, Michael V Boland, Divya Srikumaran
PURPOSE: To describe the impact of a physician assistant (PA) in an academic ophthalmology consult service. DESIGN: Evaluation Research. METHODS: A PA was integrated into our ophthalmology consult service to enhance resident education. First-year resident annual surgical logs before and after the introduction of the PA were reviewed. Residents were anonymously surveyed for their perceptions regarding the impact of the PA integration on their residency experience...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589149/-emigration-an-option-for-african-resident-physicians-opinions-from-tanzania-and-ethiopia
#14
K M Knoll, H Philippin, W Makupa, M M Nentwich
BACKGROUND: Globally, the majority of visually impaired persons live in low- and middle-income countries. One of the reasons is a lack of ophthalmologists in the respective countries. Migration of qualified personnel would be an additional strain on ophthalmological patient care. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aimed at evaluating the attitude of African residents in ophthalmology towards working in their home country or migrating abroad and comparing these findings with existing data also with respect to possible interventions...
March 27, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587973/improved-utilization-of-operating-room-time-for-trainee-cataract-surgery-in-a-public-hospital-setting
#15
J Minjy Kang, Sriranjani P Padmanabhan, Julie Schallhorn, Neeti Parikh, Saras Ramanathan
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of group goal and group performance theories on operating room efficiency in resident-performed cataract surgery. SETTING: Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: This study assessed 4 specific segments of operating room utilization identified as room-to-incision time, incision-to-close time, close-to-exit time, and room turnover time...
February 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587732/influence-of-japan-s-2004-postgraduate-training-on-ophthalmologist-location-choice-supply-and-distribution
#16
Rie Sakai-Bizmark, Rei Goto, Shusuke Hiragi, Hiroshi Tamura
BACKGROUND: Highly-competent patient care is paramount to medicine. Quality training and patient accessibility to physicians with a wide range of specializations is essential. Yet, poor quality of life for physicians cannot be ignored, being detrimental to patient care and leading to personnel leaving the medical profession. In 2004, the Japanese government reformed postgraduate training for medical graduates, adding a 2-year, hands-on rotation through different specialties before the specialization residency was begun...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580111/the-african-american-eye-disease-study-design-and-methods
#17
Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Alicia Fairbrother-Crisp, Mina Torres, Carlos Lastra, Farzana Choudhury, Xuejuan Jiang, Bruce Burkemper, Rohit Varma
PURPOSE: To describe the study design, operational and recruitment strategies, procedures, and baseline characteristics of the African American Eye Disease Study (AFEDS), a population-based assement of the prevalence of visual impairment, ocular disease, visual function, and health-related quality of life in African Americans. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study included over 6000 African Americans 40 years and older residing in and around Inglewood, California...
March 26, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543949/rehabilitation-referral-for-patients-with-irreversible-vision-impairment-seen-in-a-public-safety-net-eye-clinic
#18
M Austin Coker, Carrie E Huisingh, Gerald McGwin, Russell W Read, Mark W Swanson, Laura E Dreer, Dawn K DeCarlo, Lindsay Gregg, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: The prevalence of irreversible vision impairment in the United States is expected to increase by 2050. Vision rehabilitation is the primary treatment option. Clinical trials have established its efficacy in improving quality of life. Yet studies indicate that patients experience many barriers to accessing low-vision care. Objectives: To examine the rate of referral for low-vision rehabilitation services by resident and attending ophthalmologists for adults with irreversible vision impairment and to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of patients about vision rehabilitation...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520917/the-use-of-hyaluronic-acid-subdermal-filler-for-entropion-in-canines-and-felines-40-cases
#19
Jessica E McDonald, Amy M Knollinger
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of hyaluronic acid (HA) subdermal filler in canines and felines for entropion. METHODS: Complete ophthalmologic examination was performed by a board-certified veterinary ophthalmologist or ABVO-approved resident. Each case was characterized as primary, secondary, spastic or cicatricial entropion. HA subdermal filler, specifically Restylane® and Restylane Silk® , were utilized in dogs and cats, respectively. Subdermal injection was performed 1-2 mm from the eyelid margin in the affected area until normal eyelid conformation was achieved...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513936/an-amino-acid-motif-in-hla-dr%C3%AE-1-distinguishes-patients-with-uveitis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#20
Anne-Mieke J W Haasnoot, Marco W Schilham, Sylvia Kamphuis, Petra C E Hissink Muller, Arnd Heiligenhaus, Dirk Foell, Kirsten Minden, Roel A Ophoff, Timothy R D J Radstake, Anneke I Den Hollander, Tjitske H C M Reinards, Sanne Hiddingh, Nicoline E Schalij-Delfos, Esther P A H Hoppenreijs, Marion A J van Rossum, Carine Wouters, Rotraud K Saurenmann, J Merlijn van den Berg, Nico M Wulffraat, Rebecca Ten Cate, Joke H de Boer, Sara L Pulit, Jonas J W Kuiper
OBJECTIVES: Uveitis is a visually-debilitating disorder that affects up to 30% of children with the most common forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The disease mechanisms predisposing only a subgroup of children to uveitis are unknown. To identify genetic susceptibility loci for uveitis in JIA, we conducted a genome-wide association study totalling 522 JIA cases. METHODS: We genotyped two cohorts of JIA patients with ophthalmological follow-up and then imputed the data using a genome-wide imputation reference panel, and an HLA-specific reference panel used for imputing amino acids and HLA types in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)...
March 7, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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