keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disability and admission

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437320/development-of-a-claims-based-frailty-indicator-anchored-to-a-well-established-frailty-phenotype
#1
Jodi B Segal, Hsien-Yen Chang, Yu Du, Jeremy D Walston, Michelle C Carlson, Ravi Varadhan
BACKGROUND: Fried and colleagues described a frailty phenotype measured in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). This phenotype is manifest when ≥3 of the following are present: low grip strength, low energy, slowed waking speed, low physical activity, or unintentional weight loss. We sought to approximate frailty phenotype using only administrative claims data to enable frailty to be assessed without physical performance measures. STUDY DESIGN: We used the CHS cohort data linked to participants Medicare claims...
April 21, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437317/dementia-comorbidity-and-physical-function-in-the-program-of-all-inclusive-care-for-the-elderly
#2
Jason R Falvey, Allison M Gustavson, Lisa Price, Lucine Papazian, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
BACKGROUND: Participants in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) are a unique clinical population of medically complex and highly disabled older adults who qualify for nursing home level care but receive services in the community. A main goal of PACE programs is to prevent further declines in physical function that may necessitate costly institutionalization. This study evaluates how multimorbidity and dementia impact both self-selected gait speed and Timed Up and Go (TUG) in this population...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436733/social-and-hospital-costs-of-patients-admitted-to-a-university-hospital-in-brazil-due-to-motorcycle-crashes
#3
Katia Campos Dos Anjos, Marcelo Rosa de Rezende, Rames Mattar Júnior
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the social and hospital costs of patients treated at a public hospital who were motorcycle crash victims. METHOD: This prospective study was on 68 motorcycle riders (drivers or passengers), who were followed up from hospital admission to six months after the crash. A questionnaire covering quantitative and qualitative questions was administered. RESULTS: Motorcycle crash victims were responsible for 12% of the institution's hospital admissions; 54...
February 13, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417611/factors-enhancing-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke-in-specialized-rehabilitation-an-observational-multicenter-study-within-the-sunnaas-international-network
#4
Birgitta Langhammer, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Susanne Sällström, Frank Becker, Johan K Stanghelle
BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to serious, long-term disability. Consequently, many individuals with stroke will be in need of rehabilitation, and some of specialized rehabilitation. The content and organization of rehabilitation vary within and between countries, reflecting the preferences, customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, that may have an impact on outcomes. AIM: The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of team models in specialized rehabilitation on outcomes as measured by stroke patients' performance in ADL, at a standardized time and at discharge in the various specialized rehabilitation clinics...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417610/functional-outcome-of-critical-illness-polyneuropathy-in-patients-affected-by-severe-brain-injury
#5
Domenico Intiso, Filomena DI Rienzo, Andrea Fontana, Maurizio Tolfa, Michelangelo Bartolo, Massimiliano Copetti
BACKGROUND: Critical illness polyneuropathy and myopathy (CIPNM) frequently occur in intensive care unit (ICU) critically ill subjects; about 55-70% of subjects achieve full recovery. CIPNM can occur in ICU subjects with severe acquired brain injury (sABI), but no data have been reported regarding their outcome. AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional recovery in subjects suffering from both CIPNM and sABI and whether they had poorer outcome than those with sABI only...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414576/hcbs-spending-and-nursing-home-admissions-for-1915%C3%A2-waiver-enrollees
#6
Micah Segelman, Orna Intrator, Yue Li, Dana Mukamel, Peter Veazie, Helena Tempkin-Greener
Medicaid waiver programs for home and community-based services (HCBS) have grown rapidly and serve a population at high risk for nursing home (NH) admission. This study utilized the Medicaid Analytic Extract (MAX) Personal Summary File and the NH Minimum Dataset (MDS) and tested whether higher levels of per beneficiary HCBS spending were associated with: 1) lower risk of long-term (90+ days) NH admission; and 2) higher functional/cognitive impairment at admission, for new enrollees in 1915(c) aged or aged and disabled waiver programs...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409669/treatment-of-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-extended-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-orthosis-versus-no-orthosis
#7
Jennifer C Urquhart, Osama A Alrehaili, Charles G Fisher, Alyssa Fleming, Parham Rasoulinejad, Kevin Gurr, Stewart I Bailey, Fawaz Siddiqi, Christopher S Bailey
OBJECTIVE A multicenter, prospective, randomized equivalence trial comparing a thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO) to no orthosis (NO) in the treatment of acute AO Type A3 thoracolumbar burst fractures was recently conducted and demonstrated that the two treatments following an otherwise similar management protocol are equivalent at 3 months postinjury. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether there was a difference in long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes between the patients treated with and those treated without a TLSO...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409234/clinical-role-of-von-willebrand-factor-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#8
Marija Menih, Miljenko Križmarić, Tanja Hojs Fabjan
BACKGROUND: An elevated level of von Willebrand factor (VWF) is associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke. The objective of the study was to determine whether the level of VWF is associated with the cardioembolic subtype of ischemic stroke, stroke severity, and clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study 108 patients suffering from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) were included. According to the etiology of the stroke, patients were classified into the subtype of cardioembolic (CE) stroke and the group with non-CE stroke...
April 13, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408082/injury-factors-associated-with-discharge-status-from-emergency-room-at-two-major-trauma-hospitals-in-the-gambia-africa
#9
REVIEW
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Abubacarr Jagne, Baba Njie
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are the leading cause of disability across all ages and gender. In this study, we identified predictors of discharge status and disability at discharge among patients who seek emergency room treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. 1905 patients participated in the study. 74.9% were males, and 25.1% were females. The study includes injured patients from all mechanisms. However, patients' records without age, gender, injury mechanism, and deposition from the emergency room were considered incomplete and excluded...
April 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404614/cohort-profile-a-data-linkage-cohort-to-examine-health-service-profiles-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-new-south-wales-australia
#10
Simone Reppermund, Preeyaporn Srasuebkul, Theresa Heintze, Rebecca Reeve, Kimberlie Dean, Eric Emerson, David Coyne, Phillip Snoyman, Eileen Baldry, Leanne Dowse, Tracey Szanto, Grant Sara, Tony Florio, Julian N Trollor
PURPOSE: People with intellectual disability are a minority group who experience poorer physical and mental health than the general population and have difficulty accessing healthcare services. There is lack of knowledge about healthcare service needs and gaps experienced by people with intellectual disability. This study aims to interrogate a large linked administrative data set containing hospital admissions, presentations to emergency departments (ED) and mortality data to provide evidence to inform the development of improved health and mental health services for this population...
April 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400682/unplanned-intensive-care-unit-admission-following-elective-surgical-adverse-events-incidence-patient-characteristics-preventability-and-outcome
#11
Mohammed Meziane, Sidi Driss El Jaouhari, Abdelghafour ElKoundi, Mustapha Bensghir, Hicham Baba, Redouane Ahtil, Khalil Aboulaala, Hicham Balkhi, Charki Haimeur
CONTEXT: Adverse events (AEs) are a persistent and an important reason for Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission. They lead to death, disability at the time of discharge, unplanned ICU admission (UIA), and prolonged hospital stay. They impose large financial costs on health-care systems. AIMS: This study aimed to determine the incidence, patient characteristics, type, preventability, and outcome of UIA following elective surgical AE. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a single-center prospective study...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381897/a-review-of-legal-decisions-relevant-to-technical-standards-used-in-pharmacy-school-admissions
#12
REVIEW
Douglas A Lipton
The implementation of an effective and legally sound technical standards procedure for pharmacy schools requires a proactive approach by admissions officers. Applicants with disabilities are accorded significant rights that must not be infringed during the admissions process in order to ensure compliance with applicable law. This article provides a review of applicable state cases, federal cases, and OCR decisions and guidance to help pharmacy schools identify procedures and implement technical standards into their admissions processes as required by ACPE Standards 2016...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381197/assessment-and-provision-of-rehabilitation-among-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-china-findings-from-the-china-national-stroke-registry-ii
#13
Janet Prvu Bettger, Zixiao Li, Ying Xian, Liping Liu, Xingquan Zhao, Hao Li, Chunxue Wang, Chunjuan Wang, Xia Meng, Anxin Wang, Yuesong Pan, Eric D Peterson, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang
Background Stroke rehabilitation improves functional recovery among stroke patients. However, little is known about clinical practice in China regarding the assessment and provision of rehabilitation among patients with acute ischemic stroke. Aims We examined the frequency and determinants of an assessment for rehabilitation among acute ischemic stroke patients from the China National Stroke Registry II. Methods Data for 19,294 acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to 219 hospitals from June 2012 to January 2013 were analyzed...
April 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368871/rehabilitation-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-patients-an-observational-study
#14
Primož Novak, Sonja Šmid, Gaj Vidmar
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy resulting in severe impairments of many body structures and functions with consequent limitations of activities and participation. The aim of our study was to evaluate rehabilitation outcome in these patients. Forty-five (20 women, 25 men) with GBS patients who had completed primary comprehensive rehabilitation were included in the study. Medical Research Council Scale for Muscle Strength was used for assessment of lower-limb function...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365091/return-to-work-after-trauma-a-survival-analysis
#15
Masoumeh Abedzadeh-Kalahroudi, Ebrahim Razi, Mojtaba Sehat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the return to work (RTW) rate, time and predictors among trauma patients using survival analysis. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted with a three-month follow-up on 300 trauma patients hospitalized in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran in 2014. The data were collected through conducting interviews and referring to patients' medical records during their hospital stay and follow-up information at one & three months after discharge from hospital...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360254/hospital-admissions-for-respiratory-system-diseases-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-southeast-london-a-register-based-cohort-study
#16
Chin-Kuo Chang, Chih-Yin Chen, Mathew Broadbent, Robert Stewart, Jean O'Hara
BACKGROUND: Intellectual disability (ID) carries a high impact on need for care, health status and premature mortality. Respiratory system diseases contribute a major part of mortality among people with ID, but remain underinvestigated as consequent morbidities. METHODS: Anonymised electronic mental health records from the South London and Maudsley Trust (SLaM) were linked to national acute medical care data. Using retrospective cohort and matched case-control study designs, adults with ID receiving SLaM care between 1 January 2008 and 31 March 2013 were identified and compared with local catchment residents for respiratory system disease admissions...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357124/antibiotic-associated-suspected-adverse-drug-reactions-among-hospitalized-patients-in-uganda-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Ronald Kiguba, Charles Karamagi, Sheila M Bird
We sought to determine the prevalence at admission and incidence during hospitalization of antibiotic-associated suspected adverse drug reactions (aa-ADRs) among Ugandan inpatients; and to characterize these aa-ADRs. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 762 consented adults admitted on medical and gynecological wards of the 1790-bed Mulago National Referral Hospital. Thirty percent were known HIV-seropositive (232/762). Nineteen percent (148/762; 95% CI: 17-22%) of inpatients experienced at least one aa-ADR...
April 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349771/antivenom-for-european-vipera-species-envenoming
#18
Thomas Lamb, Luc de Haro, Davide Lonati, Miran Brvar, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: European viper bite is relatively uncommon but can cause serious envenoming, particularly swelling and hemorrhage spreading from limb to trunk that can cause long term disability. Systemic features are relatively mild compared to many other venomous species. Moderate-to-severe envenoming requires antivenom, which is given many hundreds of times each year across the continent. Several Vipera spp antivenoms are produced in Europe, but there is little comparative information available for the antivenoms and none is licensed with the European Medicines Agency...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347684/prognostic-model-for-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injuries-and-abnormal-computed-tomography-scans
#19
Jefferson Rosi Junior, Leonardo C Welling, Marcelo Schafranski, Lin Tchia Yeng, Rogério Ruscito do Prado, Edwin Koterba, Almir Ferreira de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important cause of death and disability worldwide. The prognosis evaluation is a challenge when many variables are involved. The authors aimed to develop prognostic model for assessment of survival chances after TBI based on admission characteristics, including extracranial injuries, which would allow application of the model before in-hospital therapeutic interventions. A cohort study evaluated 1275 patients with TBI and abnormal CT scans upon admission to the emergency unit of Hospital das Clinicas of University of Sao Paulo and analyzed the final outcome on mortality...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343321/a-risk-score-based-on-admission-characteristics-to-predict-progressive-hemorrhagic-injury-from-traumatic-brain-injury-in-children
#20
Guo-Wen Hu, Hai-Li Lang, Hua Guo, Lei Wu, Pei Zhang, Wei Kuang, Xin-Gen Zhu
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in children, and progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI) post TBI is associated with poor outcomes. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop and validate a prognostic model that uses the information available at admission to determine the likelihood of PHI occurrence after TBI in children. The identified demographic data, cause of injury, clinical predictors on admission, computed tomography scan characteristics, and routine laboratory parameters were collected and used to develop a PHI prognostic model with logistic regression analysis, and the prediction model was validated in 68 children...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
23537
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"