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Holistic admission

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925846/-a-palliative-end-stage-copd-patient-does-not-exist-a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-to-and-facilitators-for-early-integration-of-palliative-home-care-for-end-stage-copd
#1
Charlotte Scheerens, Luc Deliens, Simon Van Belle, Guy Joos, Peter Pype, Kenneth Chambaere
Early integration of palliative home care (PHC) might positively affect people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, PHC as a holistic approach is not well integrated in clinical practice at the end-stage COPD. General practitioners (GPs) and community nurses (CNs) are highly involved in primary and home care and could provide valuable perspectives about barriers to and facilitators for early integrated PHC in end-stage COPD. Three focus groups were organised with GPs (n = 28) and four with CNs (n = 28), transcribed verbatim and comparatively analysed...
June 20, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851698/incorporating-group-interviews-into-holistic-review-in-baccalaureate-nursing-school-admissions
#2
Ashley Roach, Anastasia Rose, Kristen Beiers-Jones, Sharon Wallace, Winnie Licaycay, Ann Nielsen
Holistic review in admissions considers an applicant's background and experience in combination with academic achievement. In order to evaluate baccalaureate nursing school applicants more holistically, a school of nursing added group interviews as part of the admissions process. The school's Admission and Progression Committee consulted with other schools, developed interview questions, and implemented a strategy to interview applicants. Results of this process were high levels of candidate and faculty satisfaction and enrollment of a diverse cohort of students with a high preadmission grade point average...
May 25, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847584/patient-experience-of-a-psychiatric-mother-baby-unit
#3
Tanya Wright, Tanisha Jowsey, Josephine Stanton, Hinemoa Elder, Suzanne Stevens, Trecia A Wouldes
BACKGROUND: Mothers with severe mental illness are vulnerable and engage with services cautiously due to fears of stigma and custody loss. To develop best practice standards and patient-centred services, the subjective experience of those who use it must inform service improvement and policy. METHOD: This study utilised exploratory concurrent mixed methods design with primarily qualitative data. Women admitted between April 2015 and December 2016 to a newly developed psychiatric Mother Baby Unit (MBU) in New Zealand were invited to participate in this study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793718/predicting-performance-in-health-professions-education-programs-from-admissions-information-comparisons-of-other-health-professions-with-pharmacy
#4
REVIEW
Richard E Wilcox, Kenneth A Lawson
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present review was to assess the state of performance prediction in healthcare programs generally, versus performance prediction in pharmacy schools, using didactic and non-didactic admissions measures. This is important because clinical success represents a combination of skills that are not fully predicted by either type of measure alone. METHODS: PubMed searches were conducted focusing on work published from 2000 onwards, since it is during this period that non-didactic admissions measures have come to be incorporated into the applicant evaluation process...
April 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764248/interprofessional-collaboration-and-the-care-and-management-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review
#5
J M Johnson, R Carragher
The World Health Organization has ranked the Middle East (ME) as the second most prevalent region globally for type 2 diabetes. Currently, treatment options initiated by physicians focus mainly on pharmaceuticals; however, lifestyle factors also have a tremendous impact on a patient's wellness or illness. A potential solution to this issue is to use an interprofessional team approach when caring for this patient population. The purpose of this systematic review is to look at the present literature involving the use of an interprofessional team approach to the care and maintenance of people with type 2 diabetes in the ME...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701661/from-inpatient-to-clinic-to-home-to-hospice-and-back-using-the-pop-up-pediatric-palliative-model-of-care
#6
Martha F Mherekumombe
Children and young people with life-limiting illnesses who need palliative care often have complex diverse medical conditions that may involve multiple hospital presentations, medical admissions, care, or transfer to other medical care facilities. In order to provide patients with holistic care in any location, palliative care clinicians need to carefully consider the ways to maintain continuity of care which enhances the child's quality of life. An emerging model of care known as "Pop Up" describes the approaches to supporting children and young people in any facility...
April 26, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700867/characteristics-and-service-needs-of-women-and-babies-admitted-to-residential-parenting-units-in-new-south-wales-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Holly Priddis, Charlene Thornton, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Jane Tooher, Marie Dickinson, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the characteristics and service needs of women and babies admitted to residential parenting services (RPS) in the first year following birth in New South Wales, Australia. BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is a tiered system to support maternal, child and family health, which includes RPS. DESIGN: Sequential explanatory mixed-methods design. METHODS: Individual patient data were obtained from a random review of 10% of all medical records (n = 300 of 3,011 admissions) of women with an infant of <12 months of age who were admitted to RPS in 2013...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689036/-palliative-care-and-heart-failure-is-it-time-to-talk
#8
Massimo Romanò
Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of hospitalization in high-income countries and has a profound negative impact on quality of life. In the United States there are more than 900,000 new cases per year and over one million hospital admissions with a primary diagnosis of HF. A prevalence of 6,500,000 cases (2.2% of the population of aged >20 years) was estimated for the US in 2014, in which there were 300,000 related deaths. Although survival has increased, thanks to the pharmacological and non pharmacological therapy, roughly 50% of HF patients die within 5 years of being diagnosed...
April 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#9
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620674/i-am-an-african-american-distinguishing-between-african-american-and-african-applicants-in-medical-school-admissions-matters
#10
Reginald F Baugh
Ignoring the diverse and rich cultures and histories of Africa and the African diaspora by applying the term African American to anyone of sub-Saharan African ancestry in medical school admissions does a disservice to applicants, medical schools, and the communities they serve. To determine how applicants can contribute to a diverse educational environment, admissions decisions must go beyond racial and ethnic self-reporting and recognize the diversity applicants bring to their medical school. Using a holistic approach, institutions can fairly evaluate applicants and strategically fill their incoming classes...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614186/what-is-holistic-admissions-review-and-why-does-it-matter
#11
EDITORIAL
Vernell P DeWitty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461453/noncognitive-attributes-in-physician-assistant-education
#12
Anthony E Brenneman, Constance Goldgar, Karen J Hills, Jennifer H Snyder, Stephane P VanderMeulen, Steven Lane
Physician assistant (PA) admissions processes have typically given more weight to cognitive attributes than to noncognitive ones, both because a high level of cognitive ability is needed for a career in medicine and because cognitive factors are easier to measure. However, there is a growing consensus across the health professions that noncognitive attributes such as emotional intelligence, empathy, and professionalism are important for success in clinical practice and optimal care of patients. There is also some evidence that a move toward more holistic admissions practices, including evaluation of noncognitive attributes, can have a positive effect on diversity...
March 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445976/an-equivalence-study-of-interview-platform-does-videoconference-technology-impact-medical-school-acceptance-rates-of-different-groups
#13
Marlene P Ballejos, Scott Oglesbee, Jennifer Hettema, Robert Sapien
Web-based interviewing may be an effective element of a medical school's larger approach to promotion of holistic review, as recommended by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by facilitating the feasibility of including rural and community physicians in the interview process. Only 10% of medical schools offer videoconference interviews to applicants and little is known about the impact of this interview modality on the admissions process. This study investigated the impact of overall acceptance rates using videoconference interviews and face-to-face interviews in the medical school selection process using an equivalence trial design...
February 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403326/levers-of-change-a-review-of-contemporary-interventions-to-enhance-diversity-in-medical-schools-in-the-usa
#14
Alexis Danielle Vick, Aaron Baugh, Julie Lambert, Allison A Vanderbilt, Evan Ingram, Richard Garcia, Reginald F Baugh
A growing body of research illustrates the importance of aligning efforts across the operational continuum to achieve diversity goals. This alignment begins with the institutional mission and the message it conveys about the priorities of the institution to potential applicants, community, staff, and faculty. The traditional themes of education, research, and service dominate most medical school mission statements. The emerging themes of physician maldistribution, overall primary-care physician shortage, diversity, and cost control are cited less frequently...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#15
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261538/the-current-use-of-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-scores-holistic-admissions-and-student-well-being-are-in-the-balance
#16
Kevin F Moynahan
United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 scores increasingly are being used by graduate medical education programs to "screen out" applicants to invite for an interview; medical students with scores below a certain (usually unpublished) point are not considered for an interview. Conversely, many students are extended an interview invitation based solely on their Step 1 scores, prior to the release of their Medical Student Performance Evaluation. In this Invited Commentary, the author discusses why this practice has gained popularity as well as the unintended effects it has had in multiple domains--holistic undergraduate medical education admissions practices, student well-being, and medical school curricula...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209539/proposing-development-and-utility-of-a-mobility-composite-measure-in-patients-with-a-neurologic-disorder
#17
Chad Swank, Sattam Almutairi, Ann Medley
Background: Outcome measures typically assess single domains making holistic assessment difficult. Our purpose was to develop a mobility composite measure (MCM) based on four commonly used outcome measures and compare this composite score to the individual measures in patients with neurologic disorders. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 148 medical records for inclusion of primary neurologic diagnosis and scoring for 5 times sit-to-stand test (5TSST), 10-meter walk test (10MWT), 2-minute walk test (2MWT), and activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200468/holistic-admissions-in-the-health-professions-strategies-for-leaders
#18
Nancy T Artinian, Betty M Drees, Greer Glazer, Kevin Harris, Lon S Kaufman, Naty Lopez, Jennifer C Danek, Julia Michaels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: College and University: the Journal of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188927/oral-hygiene-and-mouth-care-for-older-people-in-acute-hospitals-part-2
#19
Ben J Steel
Acute hospital admission provides an excellent opportunity to address poor oral health in older people, a group rarely seen by dental professionals and for who oral health activity in hospital is inconsistent and generally suboptimal. This two-part article explores oral hygiene and mouth care provision for older adults in acute hospitals. The first article presented the findings of a literature review exploring oral and dental disease in older adults, the importance of good oral health and mouth care, and the current situation...
November 30, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170999/the-baby-boom-and-later-life-is-critical-care-fit-for-the-future
#20
Richard Pugh, Christian P Subbe, Chris Thorpe, Tamas Szakmany
Populations around the world are ageing while in many developed countries the proportion of elderly patients admitted to critical care is rising. It is clear that age alone should not be used as a reason for refusing intensive care admission. Critical care in this patient group is challenging in many ways: with advancing age, several physiological changes occur which all lead to a subsequent reduction of physical performance and compensatory capacity, in many cases additionally aggravated by chronic illness...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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