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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076439/predictors-of-student-productivity-in-biomedical-graduate-school-applications
#1
Joshua D Hall, Anna B O'Connell, Jeanette G Cook
Many US biomedical PhD programs receive more applications for admissions than they can accept each year, necessitating a selective admissions process. Typical selection criteria include standardized test scores, undergraduate grade point average, letters of recommendation, a resume and/or personal statement highlighting relevant research or professional experience, and feedback from interviews with training faculty. Admissions decisions are often founded on assumptions that these application components correlate with research success in graduate school, but these assumptions have not been rigorously tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053514/clinical-outcome-and-predictors-of-adverse-events-of-an-enhanced-older-adult-psychiatric-liaison-service-rapid-assessment-interface-and-discharge-newport
#2
Inderpal Singh, Priya Fernando, Jane Griffin, Chris Edwards, Kathryn Williamson, Patrick Chance
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are currently admitting an increasing number of older people, and more than one-third could have an underlying mental health problem. The existing Older Adult Mental Health (OAMH) liaison service was increasingly unable to meet the escalating needs of older and frail patients. Therefore, the service was modernized and enhanced on an "invest-to-save" principle to provide a prompt holistic assessment for older adults with mental health problems. The objective of this study was a service evaluation to appraise clinical outcome, minimize the length of stay, and measure the predictors of adverse outcomes to streamline this enhanced service...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049472/implementation-of-a-recovery-oriented-model-in-a-sub-acute-intermediate-stay-mental-health-unit-ismhu
#3
Barry G Frost, Megan Turrell, Ketrina A Sly, Terry J Lewin, Agatha M Conrad, Suzanne Johnston, Srinivasan Tirupati, Kerry Petrovic, Sadanand Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: An ongoing service evaluation project was initiated following the establishment of a new, purpose-built, 20-bed sub-acute Intermediate Stay Mental Health Unit (ISMHU). This paper: provides an overview of the targeted 6-week program, operating within an Integrated Recovery-oriented Model (IRM); characterises the clients admitted during the first 16 months; and documents their recovery needs and any changes. METHODS: A brief description of the unit's establishment and programs is initially provided...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912744/quality-of-life-after-stroke-in-pakistan
#4
Wardah Khalid, Shafquat Rozi, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Iqbal Azam, Michael T Mullen, Saleem Illyas, Qamar Un-Nisa, Nabila Soomro, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal
BACKGROUND: There is very little information about the quality of life (QOL) of stroke survivors in LMIC countries with underdeveloped non communicable health infrastructures, who bear two thirds of the global stroke burden. METHODOLOGY: We used a sequential mix methods approach. First, a quantitative analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 700 participants, who constituted 350 stroke survivor and their caregiver dyads. QOL of stroke survivor was assessed via Stroke Specific Quality of Life Scale (SSQOLS) whereas QOL of caregivers was assessed through RAND-36...
December 3, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911889/using-a-holistic-preadmission-assessment-to-help-predict-second-degree-nursing-student-success
#5
Lisette Barton, Angela Willis, Hsin-Hui Lin
The purpose of this study was to identify a profile of noncognitive preadmission characteristics that were associated with academic failure in a cohort of second-degree nursing students who applied to an urban school of nursing. Preadmission testing data for 86 students from a suite of assessments that predict performance in high-stress environments yielded unique characteristics that were associated with vulnerability to attrition. The findings support the use of holistic admissions criteria to promote success...
January 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793119/obstetric-outcomes-for-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-at-an-australian-hospital-2006-2012-a-descriptive-study
#6
Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S E Homer, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compared to women without FGM. Exploratory studies suggest radical change to abandonment of FGM by communities after migration to countries where FGM is not prevalent. Women who had been subjected to FGM as a child in their countries of origin, require specialised healthcare to reduce complications and further suffering...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762978/holistic-approach-to-breast-cancer-and-palliative-care
#7
(no author information available yet)
At The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, concerns that end of life care discussions were occurring too late in breast cancer cases led to earlier introduction of palliative care. Benefits include reduced hospital admissions during end of life and improved symptom management. The authors encourage nurses to support an integrated approach to enhance care provision for patients.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736218/impact-of-a-community-dental-access-program-on-emergency-dental-admissions-in-rural-maryland
#8
Sandi Rowland, Jonathon P Leider, Clare Davidson, Joanne Brady, Alana Knudson
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the expansion of a community dental access program (CDP) in rural Maryland providing urgent dental care to low-income individuals, as well as the CDP's impact on dental-related visits to a regional emergency department (ED). METHODS: We used de-identified CDP and ED claims data to construct a data set of weekly counts of CDP visits and dental-related ED visits among Maryland adults. A time series model examined the association over time between visits to the CDP and ED visits for fiscal years (FYs) 2011 through 2015...
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702431/do-mcat-scores-predict-usmle-scores-an-analysis-on-5-years-of-medical-student-data
#9
Jacqueline L Gauer, Josephine M Wolff, J Brooks Jackson
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the associations and predictive values of Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) component and composite scores prior to 2015 with U.S. Medical Licensure Exam (USMLE) Step 1 and Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) scores, with a focus on whether students scoring low on the MCAT were particularly likely to continue to score low on the USMLE exams. METHOD: Multiple linear regression, correlation, and chi-square analyses were performed to determine the relationship between MCAT component and composite scores and USMLE Step 1 and Step 2 CK scores from five graduating classes (2011-2015) at the University of Minnesota Medical School (N=1,065)...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627631/holistic-review-in-medical-school-admissions-and-selection-a-strategic-mission-driven-response-to-shifting-societal-needs
#10
Sarah S Conrad, Amy N Addams, Geoffrey H Young
Medical schools and residency programs have always sought excellence in the areas of education, research, and clinical care. However, these pursuits are not accomplished within a vacuum-rather, they are continually and necessarily influenced by social, cultural, political, legal, and economic forces. Persistent demographic inequalities coupled with rapidly evolving biomedical research and a complex legal landscape heighten our collective awareness and emphasize the continued need to consider medicine's social contract when selecting, educating, and developing physicians and physician-scientists...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546753/crossing-the-handover-chasm-clinicians-perceptions-of-barriers-to-the-early-detection-and-timely-management-of-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#11
Claudia T Matthaeus-Kraemer, Daniel O Thomas-Rueddel, Daniel Schwarzkopf, Hendrik Rueddel, Bernhard Poidinger, Konrad Reinhart, Frank Bloos
PURPOSE: The purpose was to identify barriers to the early detection and timely management of severe sepsis throughout the emergency department (ED), general ward (GW), intermediate care unit (IMC), and the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five multicenter focus group discussions with 29 clinicians were conducted. Discussions were based on a moderation guide were recorded and transcribed. Qualitative analysis was performed according to the principles of the concept mapping method and the framework approach...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540242/assessing-the-benefits-of-having-a-specialist-paediatric-pharmacist-and-physiotherapist-in-the-community-to-improve-childhood-asthma-outcomes
#12
Andrew Lilley, Leanne Turner
INTRODUCTION: The local Clinical Commissioning Group has funded an innovative one-year pilot project to assess the value of providing specialist paediatric pharmacist and physiotherapist support direct to families and health care professionals (GP's, community pharmacists, practice nurses etc.) regarding asthma in the primary care setting. Currently no such support is provided within community setting by physiotherapy or pharmacy. METHODS: Joint holistic reviews by the clinical specialist physiotherapist and specialist paediatric pharmacist were performed in the patient's home environment or school...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537395/effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-outpatient-model-of-care-on-health-outcomes-in-older-patients-with-multimorbidity-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#13
Sepehr Shakib, Benjamin K Dundon, John Maddison, Josephine Thomas, Melinda Stanners, Gillian E Caughey, Robyn A Clark
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a holistic multidisciplinary outpatient model of care on hospital readmission, length of stay and mortality in older patients with multimorbidity following discharge from hospital. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A pilot case-control study between March 2006 and June 2009 of patients referred on discharge to a multidisciplinary, integrated outpatient model of care that includes outpatient follow-up, timely GP communication and dial-in service compared with usual care following discharge, within a metropolitan, tertiary referral, public teaching hospital...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520404/medical-educational-culture-introducing-patients-to-applicants-as-part-of-the-medical-school-interview-feasibility-and-initial-impact-show-and-tell
#14
Shireen Madani Sims, James W Lynch
INTRODUCTION: The College of Medicine at our institution underwent a major curricular revision in order to develop a patient-centered context for learning. The admission process was revised to reflect this change, adopting a holistic review process, with the hope of attracting students who were particularly well suited to a patient-centered curriculum and learning culture. METHODS: Patients from a single practitioner, who were accustomed to working with medical students, were asked if they would like to select the next generation of physicians...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424931/holistic-admissions-in-nursing-we-can-do-this
#15
Greer Glazer, Angela Clark, Karen Bankston, Jennifer Danek, Malika Fair, Julia Michaels
UNLABELLED: Research shows that holistic admissions review practices can increase diversity across students without decreasing the workforce preparedness and academic success of students. Therefore, many disciplines have readily adopted the widespread use of holistic admissions review. Despite its proven effectiveness in addressing student diversity, nursing has been slow to implement holistic admissions review. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the barriers to implementing holistic admissions review in nursing and the feasibility of adopting holistic admissions review across nursing programs...
July 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393796/the-effect-of-an-integrated-education-model-on-anxiety-and-uncertainty-in-patients-undergoing-cervical-disc-herniation-surgery
#16
Mei-Fang Chuang, Heng-Hsin Tung, Daniel L Clinciu, Jing-Shan Huang, Usman Iqbal, Chih-Ju Chang, I-Chang Su, Fu-Chih Lai, Yu-Chuan Li
BACKGROUND: Educating patients about receiving surgical procedures is becoming an important issue, as it can reduce anxiety and uncertainty while helping to hasten decisions for undergoing time sensitive surgeries. We evaluated a new integrated education model for patients undergoing cervical disc herniation surgery using a quasi-experimental design. METHODS: The participants were grouped into either the new integrated educational model (n = 32) or the standard group (n = 32) on the basis of their ward numbers assigned at admission...
September 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385077/using-electronic-health-record-data-to-measure-care-quality-for-individuals-with-multiple-chronic-medical-conditions
#17
Elizabeth A Bayliss, Deanna B McQuillan, Jennifer L Ellis, Matthew L Maciejewski, Chan Zeng, Mary B Barton, Cynthia M Boyd, Martin Fortin, Shari M Ling, Ming Tai-Seale, James D Ralston, Christine S Ritchie, Donna M Zulman
OBJECTIVES: To inform the development of a data-driven measure of quality care for individuals with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) derived from an electronic health record (EHR). DESIGN: Qualitative study using focus groups, interactive webinars, and a modified Delphi process. SETTING: Research department within an integrated delivery system. PARTICIPANTS: The webinars and Delphi process included 17 experts in clinical geriatrics and primary care, health policy, quality assessment, health technology, and health system operations...
September 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383636/implementing-a-patient-centred-outcome-measure-in-daily-routine-in-a-specialist-palliative-care-inpatient-hospital-unit-an-observational-study
#18
Alze Pereira Dos Santos Tavares, Carolina Paparelli, Carolina Sassaki Kishimoto, Silvia Avo Cortizo, Karen Ebina, Mariana Sarkis Braz, Sandra Regina Gonçalves Mazutti, Marcio José Cristiano Arruda, Bárbara Antunes
BACKGROUND: Gathering clinical evidence data on patients' palliative care needs is paramount to identify changes in outcomes over time and maintaining on-going quality improvement. Implementation of patient-centred outcome measures has been widely recommended. The routine use of these instruments in daily practice is challenging and not widespread. AIM: To implement a patient-centred outcome measure in daily practice and fulfil one quality indicator: improve pain during the 72 h after admission, in at least 75% of patients...
March 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381327/holistic-ultrasound-in-trauma-an-update
#19
Theodosios Saranteas, Andreas F Mavrogenis
Holistic ultrasound is a total body examination using an ultrasound device aiming to achieve immediate patient care and decision making. In the setting of trauma, it is one of the most fundamental components of care of the injured patients. Ground-breaking imaging software allows physicians to examine various organs thoroughly, recognize imaging signs early, and potentially foresee the onset or the possible outcome of certain types of injuries. Holistic ultrasound can be performed on a routine basis at the bedside of the patients, at admission and during the perioperative period...
October 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341362/selection-and-visualisation-of-outcome-measures-for-complex-post-acute-acquired-brain-injury-rehabilitation-interventions
#20
Catherine Elaine Longworth Ford, Donna Malley, Andrew Bateman, Isabel C H Clare, Adam P Wagner, Fergus Gracey
BACKGROUND: Outcome measurement challenges rehabilitation services to select tools that promote stakeholder engagement in measuring complex interventions. OBJECTIVES: To examine the suitability of outcome measures for complex post-acute acquired brain injury (ABI) rehabilitation interventions, report outcomes of a holistic, neuropsychological ABI rehabilitation program and propose a simple way of visualizing complex outcomes. METHODS: Patient/carer reported outcome measures (PROMS), experience measures (PREMS) and staff-rated measures were collected for consecutive admissions over 1 year to an 18-week holistic, neuropsychological rehabilitation programme at baseline, 18 weeks and 3- and 6-month follow-up...
June 23, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
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