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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620674/i-am-an-african-american-distinguishing-between-african-american-and-african-applicants-in-medical-school-admissions-matters
#1
Reginald F Baugh
Ignoring the diverse and rich cultures and histories of Africa and the African diaspora by applying the term African American to anyone of sub-Saharan African ancestry in medical school admissions does a disservice to applicants, medical schools, and the communities they serve. To determine how applicants can contribute to a diverse educational environment, admissions decisions must go beyond racial and ethnic self-reporting and recognize the diversity applicants bring to their medical school. Using a holistic approach, institutions can fairly evaluate applicants and strategically fill their incoming classes...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614186/what-is-holistic-admissions-review-and-why-does-it-matter
#2
EDITORIAL
Vernell P DeWitty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461453/noncognitive-attributes-in-physician-assistant-education
#3
Anthony E Brenneman, Constance Goldgar, Karen J Hills, Jennifer H Snyder, Stephane P VanderMeulen, Steven Lane
Physician assistant (PA) admissions processes have typically given more weight to cognitive attributes than to noncognitive ones, both because a high level of cognitive ability is needed for a career in medicine and because cognitive factors are easier to measure. However, there is a growing consensus across the health professions that noncognitive attributes such as emotional intelligence, empathy, and professionalism are important for success in clinical practice and optimal care of patients. There is also some evidence that a move toward more holistic admissions practices, including evaluation of noncognitive attributes, can have a positive effect on diversity...
March 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445976/an-equivalence-study-of-interview-platform-does-videoconference-technology-impact-medical-school-acceptance-rates-of-different-groups
#4
Marlene P Ballejos, Scott Oglesbee, Jennifer Hettema, Robert Sapien
Web-based interviewing may be an effective element of a medical school's larger approach to promotion of holistic review, as recommended by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by facilitating the feasibility of including rural and community physicians in the interview process. Only 10% of medical schools offer videoconference interviews to applicants and little is known about the impact of this interview modality on the admissions process. This study investigated the impact of overall acceptance rates using videoconference interviews and face-to-face interviews in the medical school selection process using an equivalence trial design...
February 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403326/levers-of-change-a-review-of-contemporary-interventions-to-enhance-diversity-in-medical-schools-in-the-usa
#5
Alexis Danielle Vick, Aaron Baugh, Julie Lambert, Allison A Vanderbilt, Evan Ingram, Richard Garcia, Reginald F Baugh
A growing body of research illustrates the importance of aligning efforts across the operational continuum to achieve diversity goals. This alignment begins with the institutional mission and the message it conveys about the priorities of the institution to potential applicants, community, staff, and faculty. The traditional themes of education, research, and service dominate most medical school mission statements. The emerging themes of physician maldistribution, overall primary-care physician shortage, diversity, and cost control are cited less frequently...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#6
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261538/the-current-use-of-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-scores-holistic-admissions-and-student-well-being-are-in-the-balance
#7
Kevin F Moynahan
United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 scores increasingly are being used by graduate medical education programs to "screen out" applicants to invite for an interview; medical students with scores below a certain (usually unpublished) point are not considered for an interview. Conversely, many students are extended an interview invitation based solely on their Step 1 scores, prior to the release of their Medical Student Performance Evaluation. In this Invited Commentary, the author discusses why this practice has gained popularity as well as the unintended effects it has had in multiple domains--holistic undergraduate medical education admissions practices, student well-being, and medical school curricula...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209539/proposing-development-and-utility-of-a-mobility-composite-measure-in-patients-with-a-neurologic-disorder
#8
Chad Swank, Sattam Almutairi, Ann Medley
Background: Outcome measures typically assess single domains making holistic assessment difficult. Our purpose was to develop a mobility composite measure (MCM) based on four commonly used outcome measures and compare this composite score to the individual measures in patients with neurologic disorders. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 148 medical records for inclusion of primary neurologic diagnosis and scoring for 5 times sit-to-stand test (5TSST), 10-meter walk test (10MWT), 2-minute walk test (2MWT), and activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200468/holistic-admissions-in-the-health-professions-strategies-for-leaders
#9
Nancy T Artinian, Betty M Drees, Greer Glazer, Kevin Harris, Lon S Kaufman, Naty Lopez, Jennifer C Danek, Julia Michaels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: College and University: the Journal of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188927/oral-hygiene-and-mouth-care-for-older-people-in-acute-hospitals-part-2
#10
Ben J Steel
Acute hospital admission provides an excellent opportunity to address poor oral health in older people, a group rarely seen by dental professionals and for who oral health activity in hospital is inconsistent and generally suboptimal. This two-part article explores oral hygiene and mouth care provision for older adults in acute hospitals. The first article presented the findings of a literature review exploring oral and dental disease in older adults, the importance of good oral health and mouth care, and the current situation...
November 30, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170999/the-baby-boom-and-later-life-is-critical-care-fit-for-the-future
#11
Richard Pugh, Christian P Subbe, Chris Thorpe, Tamas Szakmany
Populations around the world are ageing while in many developed countries the proportion of elderly patients admitted to critical care is rising. It is clear that age alone should not be used as a reason for refusing intensive care admission. Critical care in this patient group is challenging in many ways: with advancing age, several physiological changes occur which all lead to a subsequent reduction of physical performance and compensatory capacity, in many cases additionally aggravated by chronic illness...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979178/association-between-the-medical-college-admission-test-scores-and-alpha-omega-alpha-medical-honors-society-membership
#12
Jacqueline L Gauer, J Brooks Jackson
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools worldwide are faced with the challenge of selecting from among many qualified applicants. One factor that might help admissions committees identify future exceptional medical students is scores on standardized entrance exams. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between scores on the most commonly used standardized medical school entrance exam in the USA, the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and election to the US medical honors society, Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA)...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947621/the-role-of-the-quality-and-outcomes-framework-in-the-care-of-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#13
Lindsay Jl Forbes, Catherine Marchand, Tim Doran, Stephen Peckham
BACKGROUND: Improving care for people with long-term conditions is central to NHS policy. It has been suggested that the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF), a primary care pay-for-performance scheme that rewards practices for delivering effective interventions in long-term conditions, does not encourage high-quality care for this group of patients. AIM: To examine the evidence that the QOF has improved quality of care for patients with long-term conditions. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a systematic review of research on the effectiveness of the QOF in the UK...
November 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817433/class-wide-access-to-a-commercial-step-1-question-bank-during-preclinical-organ-based-modules-a-pilot-project
#14
James H Baños, Mark E Pepin, Nicholas Van Wagoner
PURPOSE: The authors examined the usefulness of a commercially available Step 1 question bank as a formative academic support tool throughout organ-based modules in an integrated preclinical medical curriculum. The authors also determined the extent to which correlation between question bank utilization and academic metrics varied with Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores. METHOD: In 2015, a cohort of 185 first-year medical students at University of Alabama School of Medicine were provided with 18-month full access to a commercially available Step 1 question bank of over 2,100 items throughout organ-based modules, although there were no requirements for use...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738975/the-effect-of-cranioplasty-in-cognitive-and-functional-improvement-experience-of-post-traumatic-brain-injury-inpatient-rehabilitation
#15
Jyong-Huei Su, Yu-Hsin Wu, Nai-Wen Guo, Ching-Fen Huang, Cyuan-Fong Li, Chia-Hsin Chen, Mao-Hsiung Huang
To investigate the effect of cranioplasty on rehabilitation of post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, 37 patients with TBI were arranged by retrospectively assessment study. Those TBI patients receiving in-hospital rehabilitation in the Department of Rehabilitation in a medical center of South Taiwan from 2010 to 2015 were assigned into two groups: A and B. All patients entered the multidisciplinary holistic in-patient rehabilitation training for about 1 month. Patients in Group A received decompressive craniectomy (DC), patients in Group B received DC and cranioplasty...
July 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669651/frailty-in-major-oncologic-surgery-of-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-how-to-improve-postoperative-outcomes
#17
M Mazzola, C Bertoglio, M Boniardi, C Magistro, P De Martini, P Carnevali, L Morini, G Ferrari
INTRODUCTION: Certain surgical interventions, especially those involving upper GI tract remain challenging, due to high morbidity and mortality rates. The study of frailty in the surgical population has allowed the identification of those patients with a higher risk of poor postoperative outcomes. There remains a lack of evidence regarding the possibility of improving these results through a preoperative holistic management of the patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether preoperative treatment, in carefully selected patients, can improve the outcome following surgery...
August 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593014/a-qualitative-study-on-barriers-to-achieving-high-quality-community-based-integrated-dementia-care
#18
Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Chifa Chiang, Atsuko Aoyama
Introduction: High-quality, community-based dementia care requires a comprehensive, holistic approach. This study aimed to identify the barriers to achieving efficient cooperation and coordination among medical professionals, care managers, and medical social workers, and to improve the management model of community-based, integrated dementia care. Methods: We collected qualitative data through three focus group discussions at JA Konan Kosei Hospital. Thirteen participants (four directors of nursing service departments, three chief nurses, four medical social workers, and two care managers) were recruited for the discussions...
May 2017: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539677/fatigue-and-sleep-quality-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-during-hospital-admission
#19
Paulina Szady, Grażyna Bączyk, Katarzyna Kozłowska
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic disease of connective tissue characterised by chronic course with periods of exacerbation and remission. Even in the early stages of the disease patients report the occurrence of fatigue and sleep disorders. Reduced sleep quality and chronic fatigue are common among patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the research was to evaluate the severity of fatigue and sleep quality assessment among patients hospitalised with rheumatoid arthritis and to determine the relation between the level of symptoms of fatigue and sleep quality and variables such as: age, gender, disease duration, marital status, applied pharmacological treatment, and pain intensity...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501933/the-influence-of-mcat-and-gpa-preadmission-academic-metrics-on-interview-scores
#20
Steven E Gay, Sally A Santen, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Thomas H Sisson, Paula T Ross, Nikki L Bibler Zaidi
Medical school admissions interviews are used to assess applicants' nonacademic characteristics as advocated by the Association of American Medical Colleges' Advancing Holistic Review Initiative. The objective of this study is to determine whether academic metrics continue to significantly influence interviewers' scores in holistic processes by blinding interviewers to applicants' undergraduate grade point averages (uGPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). This study examines academic and demographic predictors of interview scores for two applicant cohorts at the University of Michigan Medical School...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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