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Most read/ psychiatry

Kate Wolfe, André Strydom, Deborah Morrogh, Jennifer Carter, Peter Cutajar, Mo Eyeoyibo, Angela Hassiotis, Jane McCarthy, Raja Mukherjee, Dimitrios Paschos, Nagarajan Perumal, Stephen Read, Rohit Shankar, Saif Sharif, Suchithra Thirulokachandran, Johan H Thygesen, Christine Patch, Caroline Ogilvie, Frances Flinter, Andrew McQuillin, Nick Bass
Chromosomal copy-number variations (CNVs) are a class of genetic variants highly implicated in the aetiology of neurodevelopmental disorders, including intellectual disabilities (ID), schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Yet the majority of adults with idiopathic ID presenting to psychiatric services have not been tested for CNVs. We undertook genome-wide chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) of 202 adults with idiopathic ID recruited from community and in-patient ID psychiatry services across England...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Kenneth S Kendler, Eric J Engstrom
The nosology for major psychiatric disorders developed by Emil Kraepelin in the 1890s has substantially shaped psychiatry. His theories, however, did not arise de novo, being strongly influenced by Karl Kahlbaum and Ewald Hecker. From the 1860-1880s, they articulated a paradigm shift in the conceptualization of psychiatric diagnosis, from symptom-based syndromes, popular since the late 18th century, to proto-disease entities. This effort was influenced by parallel developments in general medicine, especially the rise of bacterial theories of disease where different syndromes had distinctive symptoms, courses, and etiologies...
August 13, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Tom Walker-Tilley, John Bainton, Matthew Fernando, Yimlun Wong, Ba Ko, James Warner, Ramin Nilforooshan
Aims and method To gather information about psychiatric trainees' use of different information sources and academic materials, a questionnaire was distributed at the London Deanery Annual Psychiatry Trainee Conference and the training programmes of two teaching trusts. Results Participants returned 202 out of a total of 300 completed questionnaires (67%). Websites were the most commonly accessed information source ahead of textbooks, abstracts and journals. Year of training correlated positively with journal use and negatively with textbook use...
February 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
Amanda Kost, Heidi Combs, Sherilyn Smith, Eileen Klein, Patricia Kritek, Lynne Robins, Anna T Cianciolo, Lavjay Butani, Joseph Gigante, Subha Ramani
UNLABELLED: WGEA 2015 CONFERENCE ABSTRACT (EDITED). Faculty Perceptions of Receiving Feedback From Third-Year Clerkship Students. Amanda Kost, Heidi Combs, Sherilyn Smith, Eileen Klein, Patricia Kritek, and Lynne Robins. PHENOMENON: In addition to giving feedback to 3rd-year clerkship students, some clerkship instructors receive feedback, requested or spontaneous, from students prior to the clerkship's end. The concept of bidirectional feedback is appealing as a means of fostering a culture of respectful communication and improvement...
2015: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
A Vivot, M M Glymour, C Tzourio, P Amouyel, G Chêne, C Dufouil
Several genetic polymorphisms have been associated with Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD), but there has been limited evidence on whether these polymorphisms predict intermediary stage outcomes such as cognitive changes in prospective community-based studies. Our aim was to evaluate whether polymorphisms previously established as predictors of LOAD also predict worse cognitive function and accelerated decline across multiple cognitive domains. We analyzed data from the 3C-Dijon study, in which 4931 respondents aged 65+ were examined up to 5 times over 10 years with a neuropsychological assessment...
October 2015: Molecular Psychiatry
Pasco Fearon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
D Pringuey, F Cherikh, S Lunacek, B Giordana, E Fakra, R Belzeaux, M Adida, J-M Azorin
The comorbidity of affective disorders with alcohol use disorder remains insufficiently taken into account. In spite of the well-known frequency of the addict comorbidity in most psychiatric disorders, the level of association between affective disorders and alcohol is still underestimated and poorly understood. The label of "double diagnosis" relates to a simple addition of two independent pathologies. It is suggested to consider a "dual psychopathology" combining the effects of one disorder on the other. Interactions between the two disorders commit a complex state calling a new clinical reading, an adapted therapeutic strategy through a necessary integration of care...
December 2014: L'Encéphale
Rafael Huertas
The aim of this article is to contribute to the analysis of the origins of psychiatric semiology, which by emphasizing subjectivity in clinical practice, gave birth to psychopathology as the scientific and intellectual enterprise of alienism. In other words, beyond simple anatomical and clinical observation, there was an effort to 'listen to' and 'read' the patient's delirium. In essence, the basic thesis which this short paper seeks to defend is that, despite a growing anatomical and clinical mind-set and a clear interest in physically locating mental illness within the body, during the Romantic period, psychiatry was able to construct a semiology largely based on the experience of the ego, on the inner world of the individual...
December 2014: History of Psychiatry
U C Garg, Kabir Garg
We live in a world that is increasingly complex, intense, and stressful. Most people, at some time or other in their lives, can make good use of psychiatry as they map their course and steer their way through it. While this holds true, there also exists a very disturbing trend. No other branch of medicine suffers a similar, constant criticism, scrutiny and quite often downright vehement protest. Even the service users, who have been greatly benefitted, choose to stay mum for fear of stigmatization that may follow if they admit to have undergone therapy...
January 2014: Mens Sana Monographs
Misoo Abele, Julie Brown, Hicham Ibrahim, Manish K Jha
OBJECTIVE: The authors report on the current status of motivational interviewing education and training director attitudes about providing it to psychiatry residents. METHODS: Training directors of general, child/adolescent and addiction psychiatry training programs were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey. RESULTS: Of the 333 training directors who were invited to participate, 66 of 168 (39.3%) general, 41 of 121 (33.9%) child/adolescent, and 19 of 44 (43...
February 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Tesera Bitew
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common and disabling mental illness in the globe. It accounts for about 6.5% of the burden of diseases in Ethiopia. Regardless of its severity and relapse rate, there are no synthesized evidences about its prevalence and potential risk factors in Ethiopia. The aim of this review was thus to synthesize scientific information about the prevalence and potential risk factors of depression in Ethiopia. METHODS: Out of 37 papers, 31 were collected from PubMed, Medline and Google Scholar electronic databases, and the remaining six from Addis Ababa University, Department of Psychiatry...
April 2014: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Eugene J Koprowski
Last year, when reading Freud's letters to Jung, I came across a most interesting passage in which Freud claimed that the "talking cure" (i.e., psychoanalysis) was the result of love--not transference, counter-transference, or another neologism of psychiatry. That is, Freud said to Jung, the cure in psychoanalysis is affected by love (McGuire, 1974 ). I meditated on this for a long while: It is interesting that Freud--whose wife was a bat kohen, daughter of a priest/rabbi--and Jung, the son and grandson of Protestant Christian ministers, would have such a soteriological dialog at the beginning of the psychoanalytic era...
April 2014: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Mehrnoosh Kosaryan, Khadijeh Rabiei
OBJECTIVE: This study has been done in order to evaluate the papers published in the "Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences" from 2007 to 2010. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed according to the design, evidence level, and recommendations to write scientific papers. Validity was achieved by consulting experts. Reliability was tested by re-evaluation of 7 randomly selected papers, one month after the first evaluation by Pearson correlation coefficient (r = 0...
2013: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
N Akula, J Barb, X Jiang, J R Wendland, K H Choi, S K Sen, L Hou, D T W Chen, G Laje, K Johnson, B K Lipska, J E Kleinman, H Corrada-Bravo, S Detera-Wadleigh, P J Munson, F J McMahon
RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) is a powerful technique to investigate the complexity of gene expression in the human brain. We used RNA-seq to survey the brain transcriptome in high-quality postmortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex from 11 individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) and from 11 age- and gender-matched controls. Deep sequencing was performed, with over 350 million reads per specimen. At a false discovery rate of <5%, we detected five differentially expressed (DE) genes and 12 DE transcripts, most of which have not been previously implicated in BD...
November 2014: Molecular Psychiatry
Xi-Bin Shen, Zhi-Wei Shen, Jian-Jun Hou, Yun-Qiu Ding, Zhao-Hui Hu, Hue-Mei He
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the articles and citation published in the Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine from 2008 to 2010, in order to investigate the influence factors of impact factor (IF). METHODS: All articles published in the Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine covered by Chinese Medical Citation Index(CMCI) from 2008 to 2010 were searched and downloaded. Some article related attributions were manual added and their influences to IF were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1164 academic papers were published in the journal in 3 years, with 9...
February 2013: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Cornelius Ani, Richard Reading, Richard Lynn, Simone Forlee, Elena Garralda
BACKGROUND: Little is known about conversion disorder in childhood. AIMS: To document clinical incidence, features, management and 12-month outcome of non-transient conversion disorder in under 16-year-olds in the U.K. and Ireland. METHOD: Surveillance through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit and Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Surveillance System. RESULTS: In total, 204 cases (age range 7-15 years) were reported, giving a 12-month incidence of 1...
June 2013: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Holly Crisp-Han, R Bryan Chambliss, John Coverdale
OBJECTIVE: Because there have been no previously published national surveys on teaching psychiatry residents about how to teach, the authors surveyed United States psychiatry program directors on what and how residents are taught about teaching. METHODS: All psychiatry training programs across the United States were mailed a semistructured questionnaire; 95 responded (response rate: 53%). The survey included questions on what, if anything, was provided in the way of formal instruction; the number of seminars offered each year; texts and other materials that were used for teaching; and how seminars were evaluated...
January 1, 2013: Academic Psychiatry
E J Engstrom, K S Kendler
While best known in the anglophonic world for his work on sexual deviations and his advocacy for degeneration theory, Richard Krafft-Ebing (RKE) (1840-1902) was a major figure in late-19th century European psychiatry and author of the most widely read German psychiatric textbook of that era. With the goal of (re-)introducing his work to an anglophonic audience, we review and provide an historical context for RKE's etiologic theory of major psychiatric illness. RKE saw psychiatric disorders as multifactorial, arising from two sets of etiologic factors: predisposing and exciting...
July 2013: Psychological Medicine
Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Daniel Sampaio
Dementia and other late-life conditions in neuropsychiatry impose a heavy burden on society as a whole and in families in particular. A number of clinical presentations involving family aspects may be seen in clinical practice in a range of diagnoses (Alzheimer's disease, other dementias, depression or any other psychiatric disorder in the elderly). As a consequence, there is a growing trend towards working with families in geriatric psychiatry. Marital issues are not a frequent target for specific clinical intervention, but couple therapy may be useful regardless of age...
December 2011: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Megan Testa, Sara G West
This article reviews the academic literature on the psychiatric practice of civil commitment. It provides an overview of the history of involuntary psychiatric hospitalization in the United States-from the creation of the first asylum and the era of institutionalization to the movement of deinstitutionalization. The ethical conflict that the practice of involuntary hospitalization presents for providers, namely the conflict between the ethical duties of beneficence and respect for patient autonomy, is presented...
October 2010: Psychiatry
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