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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125969/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-argentina
#1
V C Fernández, N Alonso, L Melamud, A M Villa
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing inflammatory, secondarily demyelinating astrocytopathy that most commonly affects the optic nerves and the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychopathological profile, presence of current depression, and suicidality in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) in an Argentinean cohort, and compare these parameters to those in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in healthy controls (HCs)...
November 7, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110662/reliability-of-multiple-mini-interviews-and-traditional-interviews-within-and-between-institutions-a-study-of-five-california-medical-schools
#2
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Julie A Rainwater, Theodore R Hall, Carolyn J Kelly, Ellena M Peterson, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools use admissions Multiple Mini-Interviews (MMIs) rather than traditional interviews (TIs), partly because MMIs are thought to be more reliable. Yet prior studies examined single-school samples of candidates completing either an MMI or TI (not both). Using data from five California public medical schools, the authors examined the within- and between-school reliabilities of TIs and MMIs. METHODS: The analyses included applicants interviewing at ≥1 of the five schools during 2011-2013...
November 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095171/vive-la-diff%C3%A3-rence-the-freedom-and-inherent-responsibilities-when-designing-and-implementing-multiple-mini-interviews
#3
Harold Reiter, Kevin Eva
The literature on multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) is replete with heterogeneous study results related to the constructs measured, correlations with other measures, and demographic relationships. Rather than view these results as contradictory, the authors ask, What if all of the results are correct? They point out that the MMI is not an assessment tool, but rather an assessment method. Design and implementation of locally conducted MMIs in medical school admissions processes should reflect local needs. As with other local assessments, MMIs should be considered separate from nationally conducted assessments that reflect more universal competencies...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095170/medical-school-applicant-characteristics-associated-with-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews-versus-traditional-interviews-a-multi-institutional-study
#4
Mark C Henderson, Carolyn J Kelly, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Anthony Jerant, Ellena M Peterson, Julie A Rainwater, Francis J Sousa, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: To examine applicant characteristics associated with multi mini-interview (MMI) or traditional interview (TI) performance at five California public medical schools. METHOD: Of the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) consortium schools, three used TIs and two used MMIs. Schools provided the following retrospective data on all 2011-2013 admissions cycle interviewees: age, gender, race/ethnicity (under-represented in medicine [UIM] or not), self-identified disadvantaged (DA) status, undergraduate GPA, Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) score, and interview score (standardized as z-score, mean = 0, SD = 1)...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080439/the-reliability-and-validity-of-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-in-values-based-recruitment-to-nursing-midwifery-and-paramedic-practice-programmes-findings-from-an-evaluation-study
#5
Alison Callwood, Debbie Cooke, Sarah Bolger, Agnieszka Lemanska, Helen Allan
BACKGROUND: Universities in the United Kingdom (UK) are required to incorporate values based recruitment (VBR) into their healthcare student selection processes. This reflects an international drive to strengthen the quality of healthcare service provision. This paper presents novel findings in relation to the reliability and predictive validity of multiple mini interviews (MMIs); one approach to VBR widely being employed by universities. OBJECTIVES: To examine the reliability (internal consistency) and predictive validity of MMIs using end of Year One practice outcomes of under-graduate pre-registration adult, child, mental health nursing, midwifery and paramedic practice students...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073899/validation-of-the-5-item-doctor-patient-communication-competency-instrument-for-medical-students-dpcc-ms-using-two-years-of-assessment-data
#6
Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Luc Côté
BACKGROUND: Medical students on clinical rotations have to be assessed on several competencies at the end of each clinical rotation, pointing to the need for short, reliable, and valid assessment instruments of each competency. Doctor patient communication is a central competency targeted by medical schools however, there are no published short (i.e. less than 10 items), reliable and valid instruments to assess doctor-patient communication competency. The Faculty of Medicine of Laval University recently developed a 5-item Doctor-Patient Communication Competency instrument for Medical Students (DPCC-MS), based on the Patient Centered Clinical Method conceptual framework, which provides a global summative end-of-rotation assessment of doctor-patient communication...
October 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055250/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-diagnostic-uncertainty-of-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Taichi Mogi, Hiroyuki Toda, Aihide Yoshino
BACKGROUND: Physicians do not always confidently diagnose psychiatric disorders. The present study was conducted to identify the clinical characteristics of patients in whom a definitive diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) could not be established. METHODS: The participants were 199 consecutive outpatients with MDD, who were comprehensively diagnosed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). The physician in charge of each patient quantified his/her sense of self-confidence in diagnosing the patient with MDD using the self-rating questionnaire in which the score ranged from 1 (not at all confident) to 5 (definitely MDD)...
October 16, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977521/the-impact-of-bdnf-polymorphisms-on-suicidality-in-treatment-resistant-major-depressive-disorder-a-european-multicenter-study
#8
Alexandra Schosser, Laura Carlberg, Raffaella Calati, Alessandro Serretti, Isabel Massat, Christoph Spindelegger, Sylvie Linotte, Julien Mendlewicz, Daniel Souery, Joseph Zohar, Stuart Montgomery, Siegfried Kasper
Background: Numerous studies have reported associations between the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene and psychiatric disorders, including suicidal behavior, although with conflicting results. Methods: A total of 250 major depressive disorder patients were collected in the context of a European multicenter resistant depression study and treated with antidepressants at adequate doses for at least 4 weeks. Suicidality was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and treatment response using the HAM-D...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961627/physician-assistant-contributions-to-medical-and-higher-education
#9
P Eugene Jones, John C Houchins
Physician assistant (PA) programs were often early adopters or initiators of innovative models of teaching, learning, and assessment. Examples of these influences include interprofessional education, competency-based education, objective-structured clinical examinations, problem-based learning, evidence-based medicine, team-based learning, and the multiple mini-interviews. In addition, the contributions and presence of PAs in the academic health center teaching environment have also fostered appreciation from other health professionals for the skill level and capacity of PAs on the care team...
October 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956195/qualitative-analysis-of-mmi-raters-scorings-of-medical-school-candidates-a-matter-of-taste
#10
Mette K Christensen, Eva Lykkegaard, Ole Lund, Lotte D O'Neill
Recent years have seen leading medical educationalists repeatedly call for a paradigm shift in the way we view, value and use subjectivity in assessment. The argument is that subjective expert raters generally bring desired quality, not just noise, to performance evaluations. While several reviews document the psychometric qualities of the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI), we currently lack qualitative studies examining what we can learn from MMI raters' subjectivity. The present qualitative study therefore investigates rater subjectivity or taste in MMI selection interview...
September 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916298/childhood-trauma-depression-and-sleep-quality-and-their-association-with-psychotic-symptoms-and-suicidality-in-schizophrenia
#11
Esin Evren Kilicaslan, Asli Tugba Esen, Meltem Izci Kasal, Erdal Ozelci, Murat Boysan, Mustafa Gulec
This study involved the examination of the relationship between childhood trauma and both psychotic symptoms and suicidality in patients with schizophrenia after controlling for the possible confounding factors, such as clinical features, depression, and sleep quality. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the suicidality subscale of Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) were administered to 199 patients with schizophrenia...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867424/psychosocial-and-behavioral-factors-in-acetaminophen-related-acute-liver-failure-and-liver-injury
#12
Carla Pezzia, Corron Sanders, Suzanne Welch, Angela Bowling, William M Lee
OBJECTIVES: Acetaminophen overdoses result in nearly 500 deaths annually and a much larger number of hospitalizations. Suicidal overdoses are exceeded in number in the United States by unintentional overdoses. We evaluated clinical, demographic and psychosocial factors among unintentional and intentional overdose patients whose acetaminophen (APAP) toxicity had resulted in acute liver failure. We hypothesized that APAP overdose patients would be more likely to suffer from behavioral health issues and display higher impulsivity scores than the general population...
October 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852868/prevalence-and-predictors-of-anxiety-disorders-amongst-low-income-pregnant-women-in-urban-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman, Landon Myer, Michael N Onah, Sally Field, Mark Tomlinson
Anxiety is highly prevalent in many populations; however, the burden of anxiety disorders amongst pregnant women in low-resource settings is not well documented. We investigated the prevalence and predictors of antenatal anxiety disorders amongst low-income women living with psychosocial adversity. Pregnant women were recruited from an urban, primary level clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview diagnostic interview assessed prevalence of anxiety disorders. Four self-report questionnaires measured psychosocial characteristics...
August 29, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819803/if-at-first-you-don-t-succeed%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adoption-of-ipad-marking-for-high-stakes-assessments
#14
Terry Judd, Anna Ryan, Eleanor Flynn, Geoff McColl
Large-scale interview and simulation-based assessments such as objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) and multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are logistically complex to administer, generate large volumes of assessment data, and are strong candidates for the adoption of computer-based marking systems. Adoption of new technologies can be challenging, and technical failures, which are relatively commonplace, can delay and/or create resistance to ongoing implementation.This paper reports on the adoption process of an electronic marking system for OSCEs and MMIs following an unsuccessful initial trial...
October 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713502/the-effect-of-personality-traits-on-undergraduate-dental-students-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#15
Lana Ahmed Shinawi, Sumer Madani Alaki, Ibrahim Yamany, Mona Hassan Ahmed Hassan
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini interviews (MMI) is a structured student selection method where applicants rotate around a series of stations that do not require previously learned knowledge. The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a tool often used to measure personality traits commonly used in applicant selection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of personality traits using the BFI on undergraduate dental students' performance in MMI. METHODS: This research was conducted at The Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689521/predictive-validity-of-family-medicine-resident-s-performance-at-induction-with-their-future-performance-during-residency
#16
Marie Andrades, Naveed Yousuf, Kiran Abdul Sattar, Samreen Kausar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of induction assessment scores of family medicine residency program for performance in final year of residency. STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric (predictive-validity) study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from 2008 to 2014. METHODOLOGY: All family medicine residents were evaluated. Family Medicine Residency induction assessment scores were used as independent predictor variables, whereas resident assessment scores during the final year residency program were used as dependent or outcome variables...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681649/first-experience-with-multiple-mini-interview-for-medical-school-admission-in-brazil-does-it-work-in-a-different-cultural-scenario
#17
Durval Anibal Daniel-Filho, Elda Maria Stafuzza Gonçalves Pires, Angela Tavares Paes, Eduardo Juan Troster, Simone Cristina Azevedo B S Silva, Mariana Fachini Granato, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Joyce Kelly Silva Barreto, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Julio C Martins Monte, Claudio Schvartsman
PURPOSE: Evaluation of non-cognitive skills never has been used in Brazil. This study aims to evaluate Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI) in the admission process of a School of Medicine in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The population of the study comprised 240 applicants summoned for the interviews, and 96 raters. MMI contributed to 25% of the applicants' final grade. Eight scenarios were created with the aim of evaluating different non-cognitive skills, each one had two raters...
October 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662457/age-of-sexual-initiation-and-depression-in-adolescents-data-from-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#18
Helen Gonçalves, Ana L Gonçalves Soares, Isabel O Bierhals, Adriana K F Machado, Mayra P Fernandes, Roberta Hirschmann, Thais M da Silva, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Ana M B Menezes
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sexual initiation at earlier ages increases the risk of depressive symptoms in adolescents. However, little is known about its association with major depressive episode (MDE). METHODS: The association between age of sexual initiation and MDE at 18 years was assessed in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort using multiple logistic regression. Sexual initiation characteristics (age and type of partner) were assessed at the 15- and 18-years follow-up...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#19
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623152/singapore-healthy-older-people-everyday-hope-study-prevalence-of-frailty-and-associated-factors-in-older-adults
#20
Reshma A Merchant, Matthew Zhixuan Chen, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Moses YiDong Lim, Han Kwee Ho, Rob M van Dam
BACKGROUND: In the context of a rapidly ageing population, Singapore is anticipating a rise in multimorbidity, disability, and dependency, which are driven by physical frailty. Healthy Older People Everyday (HOPE) is an epidemiologic population-based study on community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older in Singapore. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of frail and prefrail states and their association with polypharmacy, multimorbidity, cognitive and functional status, and perceived health status among community-dwelling older adults in Singapore...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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