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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792188/health-related-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-temperament-outweighs-edss
#1
S Salhofer-Polanyi, F Friedrich, S Löffler, P S Rommer, A Gleiss, R Engelmaier, F Leutmezer, B Vyssoki
BACKGROUND: The influence of personality on health-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis has been the focus of previous studies showing that introversion and neuroticism were related with reduced health related quality of life. However, no data exist on the impact of temperament on quality of life in this patient group. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016 139 multiple sclerosis patients were recruited from a specialized outpatient clinic of the general hospital of Vienna...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770839/are-multidose-drug-dispensing-systems-initiated-for-the-appropriate-patients
#2
Bram J Mertens, H F Kwint, Rob J van Marum, Marcel L Bouvy
PURPOSE: It is unknown if multidose drug dispensing (MDD) systems are initiated for the appropriate patients. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the medication management problems of patients who were about to start with a MDD system (MDD patients) and patients who continued manually dispensed medication (non-MDD users) in order to identify if the appropriate patients receive a MDD system. METHODS: Patient interviews (semi-structured) were conducted by 44 community pharmacists at the patient's home...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#3
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754583/validity-evidence-for-the-hamburg-multiple-mini-interview
#4
Mirjana Knorr, Anja Schwibbe, Maren Ehrhardt, Janina Lackamp, Stefan Zimmermann, Wolfgang Hampe
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) become increasingly popular for the selection of medical students. In this work, we examine the validity evidence for the Hamburg MMI. METHODS: We conducted three follow-up studies for the 2014 cohort of applicants to medical school over the course of two years. We calculated Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) between MMI results and (1) emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue-SF) and the Situational Test of Emotion Management (STEM), (2) supervisors' and practice team members' evaluations of psychosocial competencies and suitability for the medical profession after a one-week 1:1 teaching in a general practice (GP) and (3) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724211/using-the-multiple-mini-interview-as-an-assessment-strategy-within-the-first-year-of-a-health-professions-curriculum
#5
Michael D Wolcott, Jacqueline M Zeeman, Wendy C Cox, Jacqueline E McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: The multiple mini-interview (MMI) is a common assessment strategy used in student selection. The MMI as an assessment strategy within a health professions curriculum, however, has not been previously studied. This study describes the integration of a 5-station MMI as part of an end-of-year capstone following the first year of a health professions curriculum. The goal of the capstone MMI was to assess professional competencies of students and to offer formative feedback to prepare students for their upcoming clinical practice experiences...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713951/accommodation-and-health-costs-of-deinstitutionalized-people-with-mental-illness-living-in-residential-services-in-brazil
#6
Denise Razzouk
BACKGROUND: Health costs are the main hindrances for expanding community mental health services. Exploring patient profiles and cost predictors may be useful for optimising financial resources. However, the deinstitutionalisation process may burden health budgets in terms of supporting multiple community services based on varying levels of need. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed accommodation and health service costs, quality of life and clinical and psychosocial profiles among individuals receiving mental healthcare through residential services...
April 30, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708796/recruiting-the-next-generation-applying-a-values-based-approach-to-recruitment
#7
Georgina Ritchie, Lisa Ashworth, Annette Bades
The qualified district nurse (DN) role demands high levels of leadership. Attracting the right candidates to apply for the Specialist Practice Qualification District Nursing (SPQDN) education programme is essential to ensure fitness to practice on qualification. Anecdotal evidence suggested that the traditional panel interview discouraged candidates from applying and a need to improve the quality of the overall interview process was identified by the authors. The University of Central Lancashire in partnership with Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust adopted the National Values Based Recruitment (VBR) Framework to select candidates to gain entry onto the SPQDN course...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698918/work-intensity-in-men-and-work-related-emotional-demands-in-women-are-associated-with-increased-suicidality-among-persons-attending-primary-care
#8
N Younès, M Rivière, L Plancke, A Leroyer, T Blanchon, M Azevedo Da Silva, M Melchior
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of persons died by suicide are employed at the time of death and work-related factors partly contribute to suicide risk. Our aim was to examine the association between multiple aspects of work organization and suicidal ideation in a study conducted in primary care. METHODS: Data came from a study of 2027 working patients attending a GP representative of patients in the Nord Pas-de-Calais region in France (April-August 2014). Suicidality was assessed using the MINI (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695944/multiple-mini-interview-as-a-predictor-of-performance-in-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-among-physician-associates-in-the-united-kingdom-a-cohort-study
#9
Narendra Kumar, Shailaja Bhardwaj, Eqram Rahman
Introduction: Patient satisfaction and health care outcomes are directly linked to useful communication skills. Therefore, excellent interpersonal skills are imperative for health care professionals. Multiple mini-interview (MMI) is designed as a selection tool to assess the communication skills of applicants in medical schools during the admission process. However, objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) assesses students' communication and clinical skills at the end of their academic terms...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615165/relationship-between-student-performances-in-non-cognitive-skills-in-multiple-mini-interview-and-integrated-practical-examination
#10
Ayesha Rauf, Ali Tayyab, Amena Masrur
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the performances of students in non-cognitive skills in Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) and Integrated Practical Examination (IPE) of the first year of medical school. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation study with statistical support. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Shifa College of Medicine/Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad between December 2015 and March 2016. METHODOLOGY: Student performance in communication skills, domain of the 8-station Multiple Mini Interview, was compared with their scores in communication skills in the first Integrated Practical Examination taken at the end of first block...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589687/-user-associations-and-multiple-sclerosis-impact-of-neoliberalism-in-france-on-the-trajectory-of-life
#11
Séverine Colinet
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that induces limitation of bodily performance. It has a major impact on the work and social life of affected persons because the patient's disability, often in the absence of visible symptoms, is o source of incomprehension in a society marked by the neoliberal dogma of performance. Patient associations often provide support for patients in their trajectory. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to identify how the principles of neoliberalism manifest themselves in the discourse of multiple sclerosis subjects, to understand the effects of neoliberal integration, and to clarify the role played by the association involvement in the trajectories of life...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561273/do-multiple-mini-interview-and-traditional-interview-scores-differ-in-their-associations-with-acceptance-offers-within-and-across-five-california-medical-schools
#12
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Carolyn J Kelly, Ellena M Peterson, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: In single-school studies, multiple mini-interview (MMI) and traditional interview (TI) scores are associated with acceptance offers. Unexamined is whether scores at one school are associated with acceptance at other schools; such analyses would mitigate single-school design biases and better estimate how well interviews capture desired applicant attributes. Using data from the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) public medical schools, the authors examined associations of MMI and TI scores with acceptance offers within and across schools...
March 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553303/validation-of-mental-health-screening-instruments-in-the-kashmir-valley-india
#13
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Shabnum Ara, Showkat Shah, Maqbool Dar, Arshad Hussain, Altaf Paul, Zahoor Wagay, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
The present study aimed to culturally adapt, translate, and validate the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire-Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Checklist (HTQ-16) prior to use in a cross-sectional mental health population survey in the Kashmir Valley. Cultural adaptation and translation of the HSCL-25 and the HTQ-16 employed multiple forms of transcultural validity check. The HSCL-25 and HTQ-16 were compared against a "gold standard" structured psychiatric interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
June 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503302/medical-school-performance-of-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-and-underrepresented-minority-students-matriculating-after-a-multiple-mini-interview
#14
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Efrain Talamantes, Tonya Fancher, Francis Sousa, Peter Franks
Multiple Mini-Interviews (MMIs) are increasingly used in medical school admissions. We previously reported that while under-represented minority (URM) status was not associated with MMI scores, self-designated disadvantaged applicants had lower MMI scores, possibly affecting their matriculation prospects. No studies have examined how URM status or socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) are associated with academic performance following admission through an MMI. We examined the adjusted associations of MMI scores, SED, and URM status with U...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459193/personal-domains-assessed-in-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-for-healthcare-student-selection-a-narrative-synthesis-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Alison Callwood, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Liane Lewis, Vishna Devi Nadarajah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the personal domains multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are being designed to assess, explore how they were determined and contextualise such domains in current and future healthcare student selection processes DESIGN: A systematic review of empirical research reporting on MMI model design was conducted from database inception to November 2017. DATA SOURCES: Twelve electronic bibliographic databases. REVIEW METHODS: Evidence was extracted from original studies, and integrated in a narrative synthesis guided by the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457915/how-good-are-we-at-selecting-students-that-meet-our-mission-outcomes-of-the-2011-and-2012-entering-classes-selected-by-a-locally-developed-multiple-mini-interview
#16
Carol A Terregino, H Liesel Copeland, Sonia Garcia Laumbach, Daniel Mehan, Dana Dunleavy, Thomas Geiger
BACKGROUND: Can a locally developed multiple mini interview (MMI) process lead to outcomes reflective of local values and mission? METHODS: In 2017, the authors performed a retrospective analysis of the relationship of MMI with multiple-choice-based outcomes and non-multiple-choice-based outcomes, including clerkship competencies, OSCE, scholarship/service/leadership, academic honor society induction, peer and faculty humanism nominations, and overall performance at graduation for two entering classes with acceptance decisions based exclusively on a locally developed MMI...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449185/association-of-coffee-consumption-and-non-motor-symptoms-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Bang-Hoon Cho, Seong-Min Choi, Joon-Tae Kim, Byeong C Kim
OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has an inverse association with the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between coffee consumption and non-motor symptoms (NMSs) in patients with PD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 196 early-stage, treatment-naïve PD patients. Coffee consumption history was obtained via semi-structured interviews. NMSs were assessed using the Non-Motor Symptom assessment scale (NMSS)...
February 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409473/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adolescents-the-role-of-comorbidities-and-gender
#18
Judit Balázs, Dóra Győri, Lili Olga Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Dóra Szentiványi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with special focus on the role of comorbidities and gender in a clinical sample of adolescents with both a dimensional and a categorical approach to psychopathology. METHODS: Using a structured interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid and a self-rated questionnaire, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory, the authors examined 202 inpatient adolescents (aged: 13-18 years) in the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital and Outpatient Clinic, Budapest, Hungary...
February 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373943/twelve-tips-for-constructing-a-multiple-mini-interview
#19
Kevin W Eva, Catherine Macala, Bruce Fleming
Health professions the world over value various competencies in their practitioners that are not easily captured by academic measures of performance. As a result, many programs have begun using multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) to facilitate the selection of candidates who are most likely to demonstrate and further develop such qualities. In this twelve-tips article, the authors offer evidence- and experience-based advice regarding how to construct an MMI that is fit for purpose. The tips are provided chronologically, offering guidance regarding how one might conceptualize their goals for creating an MMI, how to establish a database of stations that are context appropriate, and how to prepare both candidates and examiners for their task...
January 26, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370852/multiple-mini-interview-mmi-for-general-practice-training-selection-in-australia-interviewers-motivation
#20
Annette Burgess, Chris Roberts, Premala Sureshkumar, Karyn Mossman
BACKGROUND: Multiple Mini Interviews (MMIs) are being used by a growing number of postgraduate training programs and medical schools as their interview process for selection entry. The Australian General Practice and Training (AGPT) used a National Assessment Centre (NAC) approach to selection into General Practice (GP) Training, which include MMIs. Interviewing is a resource intensive process, and implementation of the MMI requires a large number of interviewers, with a number of candidates being interviewed simultaneously...
January 25, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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