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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713502/the-effect-of-personality-traits-on-undergraduate-dental-students-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#1
Lana Ahmed Shinawi, Sumer Madani Alaki, Ibrahim Yamany, Mona Hassan Ahmed Hassan
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini interviews (MMI) is a structured student selection method where applicants rotate around a series of stations that do not require previously learned knowledge. The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a tool often used to measure personality traits commonly used in applicant selection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of personality traits using the BFI on undergraduate dental students' performance in MMI. METHODS: This research was conducted at The Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689521/predictive-validity-of-family-medicine-resident-s-performance-at-induction-with-their-future-performance-during-residency
#2
Marie Andrades, Naveed Yousuf, Kiran Abdul Sattar, Samreen Kausar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of induction assessment scores of family medicine residency program for performance in final year of residency. STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric (predictive-validity) study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from 2008 to 2014. METHODOLOGY: All family medicine residents were evaluated. Family Medicine Residency induction assessment scores were used as independent predictor variables, whereas resident assessment scores during the final year residency program were used as dependent or outcome variables...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681649/first-experience-with-multiple-mini-interview-for-medical-school-admission-in-brazil-does-it-work-in-a-different-cultural-scenario
#3
Durval Anibal Daniel-Filho, Elda Maria Stafuzza Gonçalves Pires, Angela Tavares Paes, Eduardo Juan Troster, Simone Cristina Azevedo B S Silva, Mariana Fachini Granato, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Joyce Kelly Silva Barreto, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Julio C Martins Monte, Claudio Schvartsman
PURPOSE: Evaluation of non-cognitive skills never has been used in Brazil. This study aims to evaluate Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI) in the admission process of a School of Medicine in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The population of the study comprised 240 applicants summoned for the interviews, and 96 raters. MMI contributed to 25% of the applicants' final grade. Eight scenarios were created with the aim of evaluating different non-cognitive skills, each one had two raters...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662457/age-of-sexual-initiation-and-depression-in-adolescents-data-from-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#4
Helen Gonçalves, Ana L Gonçalves Soares, Isabel O Bierhals, Adriana K F Machado, Mayra P Fernandes, Roberta Hirschmann, Thais M da Silva, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Ana M B Menezes
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sexual initiation at earlier ages increases the risk of depressive symptoms in adolescents. However, little is known about its association with major depressive episode (MDE). METHODS: The association between age of sexual initiation and MDE at 18 years was assessed in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort using multiple logistic regression. Sexual initiation characteristics (age and type of partner) were assessed at the 15- and 18-years follow-up...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#5
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623152/singapore-healthy-older-people-everyday-hope-study-prevalence-of-frailty-and-associated-factors-in-older-adults
#6
Reshma A Merchant, Matthew Zhixuan Chen, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Moses YiDong Lim, Han Kwee Ho, Rob M van Dam
BACKGROUND: In the context of a rapidly ageing population, Singapore is anticipating a rise in multimorbidity, disability, and dependency, which are driven by physical frailty. Healthy Older People Everyday (HOPE) is an epidemiologic population-based study on community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older in Singapore. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of frail and prefrail states and their association with polypharmacy, multimorbidity, cognitive and functional status, and perceived health status among community-dwelling older adults in Singapore...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598929/association-of-job-stressors-with-panic-attack-and-panic-disorder-in-a-working-population-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yumi Asai, Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate associations of job stressors with panic attack (PA) and panic disorder (PD) among Japanese workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional online questionnaire survey was conducted of 2060 workers. Job strain, effort/reward imbalance, and workplace social support were measured by the job content questionnaire and effort/reward imbalance questionnaire. These variables were classified into tertiles. PA/PD were measured by self-report based on the mini international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI)...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557950/are-female-applicants-rated-higher-than-males-on-the-multiple-mini-interview-findings-from-the-university-of-calgary
#8
Marshall Ross, Ian Walker, Lara Cooke, Maitreyi Raman, Pietro Ravani, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin
PURPOSE: The multiple mini-interview (MMI) improves reliability and validity of medical school interviews, and many schools have introduced this in an attempt to select individuals more skilled in communication, critical thinking, and ethical decision making. But every change in the admissions process may produce unintended consequences, such as changing intake demographics. In this article, two studies exploring gender differences in MMI ratings are reported. METHOD: Cumulative meta-analysis was used to compare MMI ratings for female and male applicants to the University of Calgary Cumming School of Medicine between 2010 and 2014...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557917/the-ugly-truth-about-multiple-mini-interviews-in-medical-school-admissions
#9
Jason Parad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528231/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-problem-gamblers-with-co-occurring-antisocial-personality-disorder
#10
Austin W Blum, Eric W Leppink, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVES: Problem gamblers with symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) may represent a distinct problem gambling subtype, but the neurocognitive profile of individuals affected by both disorders is poorly characterized. METHOD: Non-treatment-seeking young adults (18-29years) who gambled ≥5 times in the preceding year were recruited from the general community. Problem gamblers (defined as those meeting ≥1 DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder) with a lifetime history of ASPD (N=26) were identified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and compared with controls (N=266) using questionnaire-based impulsivity scales and objective computerized neuropsychological tasks...
July 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525831/multiple-mini-interviews-for-selection-of-newly-qualified-registered-nurses-and-midwives-candidates-evaluation-results
#11
EDITORIAL
Kath Sharples, Jennifer Fitzsimons, Joanne Edwards, Luke Sloane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483076/the-multiple-diagnoses-of-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-and-higher-interpersonal-sensitivity-predict-treatment-resistant-depression
#12
Taichi Mogi, Aihide Yoshino
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to examine the hypothesis based on our previous studies, that the multiple diagnoses of comorbid anxiety disorders (ADs) and higher interpersonal sensitivity predict treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: The participants were 199 consecutive outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD), who were comprehensively diagnosed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). TRD was defined as the failure to achieve remission with two or more adequate antidepressant trials...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479972/medication-adherence-among-nigerians-with-schizophrenia-correlation-between-clinico-demographic-factors-and-quality-of-life
#13
Oluseun P Ogunnubi, Andrew T Olagunju, Olatunji F Aina, Njideka U Okubadejo
Medication adherence contributes significantly to symptom remission, recovery and wellbeing in mental illnesses. We evaluated how medication adherence correlates with clinico-demographic factors and quality of life (QoL) in a sample of Nigerians with schizophrenia. This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 160 randomly selected participants with confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia based on MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Data on socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants were collected with a questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445837/the-development-and-validation-of-huaxi-emotional-distress-index-hei-a-chinese-questionnaire-for-screening-depression-and-anxiety-in-non-psychiatric-clinical-settings
#14
Jian Wang, Wan-Jun Guo, Lan Zhang, Wei Deng, Hui-Yao Wang, Jian-Ying Yu, Shan-Xia Luo, Ming-Jin Huang, Zai-Quan Dong, Da-Jiang Li, Jin-Ping Song, Yu Jiang, Nan-Sheng Cheng, Xie-He Liu, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety among general hospital patients are common and under-recognized in China. This study aimed toward developing a short questionnaire for screening depression and anxiety in non-psychiatric clinical settings, and to test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The item pool which included 35 questions about emotional distress was drafted through a comprehensive literature review. An expert panel review and the first clinical test with 288 general hospital patients were conducted for the primary item selection...
July 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415896/multiple-mini-interviews-mmi-a-perspective-on-the-first-year-of-mmi-at-brighton-and-sussex-medical-school
#15
Simonne Tryb
Since it was developed at McMaster University School of Medicine in 2002, multiple medical interviews (MMI) have become a popular and accepted method of assessing candidates applying for medical training. Unlike a traditional panel interview it resembles the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with numerous 8-10 min stations assessing different topics or scenarios pertinent to medical training and healthcare. This was the first year of implementing MMI at Brighton and Sussex Medical School and my first year of interviewing...
April 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393966/-comorbidity-in-people-with-depression-seeking-help-at-primary-health-care-centers-in-santiago-chile
#16
Pablo Martínez, Graciela Rojas, Rosemarie Fritsch, Vania Martínez, Paul A Vöhringer, Ariel Castro
BACKGROUND: International evidence has shown the complex interaction between depression and chronic physical diseases. Depression in scenarios involving multiple comorbidities has not received enough attention in Chile. AIM: To characterize the depressed people who consult at Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs), taking into account the presence of chronic physical or psychiatric comorbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of databases used in a clinical trial...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379646/the-occurrence-and-persistence-of-thoughts-of-suicide-self-harm-and-death-in-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-longitudinal-data-analysis-over-2%C3%A2-years
#17
Karlijn J Joling, Siobhan T O'Dwyer, Cees M P M Hertogh, Hein P J van Hout
OBJECTIVE: Family caregivers of people with dementia often report high levels of stress and depression, but little is known about those who contemplate suicide or self-harm. This study explores thoughts of suicide, self-harm and death in dementia caregivers and investigates the characteristics that distinguish them from those without such thoughts. METHODS: Data were collected every 3 months, for 24 months, from 192 family caregivers of people with dementia living in the Netherlands...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377990/the-effect-of-an-adverse-psychological-environment-on-salivary-cortisol-levels-in-the-elderly-differs-by-5-httlpr-genotype
#18
Marie-Laure Ancelin, Jacqueline Scali, Joanna Norton, Karen Ritchie, Anne-Marie Dupuy, Isabelle Chaudieu, Joanne Ryan
BACKGROUND: An adverse psychological environment (e.g. stressful events or depression) has been shown to influence basal cortisol levels and cortisol response to stress. This differs depending on the adverse stimuli, but also varies across individuals and may be influenced by genetic predisposition. An insertion/deletion polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) is a strong candidate in this regard. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how stressful life events and depression are associated with diurnal cortisol levels in community-dwelling elderly and determine whether this varies according to genetic variability in the 5-HTTLPR...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324877/association-of-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-with-cognitive-decline-in-european-and-american-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-within-the-chances-consortium
#19
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Nicole Jankovic, Ellen Kampman, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Oscar H Franco, M Arfan Ikram, Hynek Pikhart, Lena Maria Nilsson, Hermann Brenner, Paolo Boffetta, Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Deborah Gustafson, Andreas Kyrozis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Edith J M Feskens, Francine Grodstein, Lisette C P G M de Groot
AIM: To examine the association between a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Data from 21,837 participants aged ≥55 years from 3 cohorts (Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action [SENECA], Rotterdam Study [RS], Nurses' Health Study [NHS]) were analyzed. HDI scores were based on intakes of saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, protein, cholesterol, fruits and vegetables, and fiber...
2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322438/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-among-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department-a-multicenter-study
#20
Collin E Burks, Christopher W Jones, Valerie A Braz, Robert A Swor, Natalie L Richmond, Kay S Hwang, Allison G Hollowell, Mark A Weaver, Timothy F Platts-Mills
BACKGROUND: Among older adults, malnutrition is common, often missed by healthcare providers, and influences recovery from illness or injury. OBJECTIVE: To identify modifiable risk factors associated with malnutrition in older patients. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional multicenter study. SETTING: 3 EDs in the South, Northeast, and Midwest. PARTICIPANTS: Non-critically ill, English-speaking adults aged ≥65 years...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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