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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324877/association-of-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-with-cognitive-decline-in-european-and-american-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-within-the-chances-consortium
#1
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Nicole Jankovic, Ellen Kampman, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Oscar H Franco, M Arfan Ikram, Hynek Pikhart, Lena Maria Nilsson, Hermann Brenner, Paolo Boffetta, Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Deborah Gustafson, Andreas Kyrozis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Edith J M Feskens, Francine Grodstein, Lisette C P G M de Groot
AIM: To examine the association between a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Data from 21,837 participants aged ≥55 years from 3 cohorts (Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action [SENECA], Rotterdam Study [RS], Nurses' Health Study [NHS]) were analyzed. HDI scores were based on intakes of saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, protein, cholesterol, fruits and vegetables, and fiber...
March 22, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322438/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-among-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department-a-multicenter-study
#2
Collin E Burks, Christopher W Jones, Valerie A Braz, Robert A Swor, Natalie L Richmond, Kay S Hwang, Allison G Hollowell, Mark A Weaver, Timothy F Platts-Mills
BACKGROUND: Among older adults, malnutrition is common, often missed by healthcare providers, and influences recovery from illness or injury. OBJECTIVE: To identify modifiable risk factors associated with malnutrition in older patients. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional multicenter study. SETTING: 3 EDs in the South, Northeast, and Midwest. PARTICIPANTS: Non-critically ill, English-speaking adults aged ≥65 years...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302124/reliability-and-acceptability-of-six-station-multiple-mini-interviews-past-behavioural-versus-situational-questions-in-postgraduate-medical-admission
#3
Toru Yamada, Juichi Sato, Hiroshi Yoshimura, Tomoya Okubo, Eiji Hiraoka, Takashi Shiga, Tadao Kubota, Shigeki Fujitani, Junji Machi, Nobutaro Ban
BACKGROUND: The multiple mini-interview (MMI) is increasingly used for postgraduate medical admissions and in undergraduate settings. MMIs use mostly Situational Questions (SQs) rather than Past-Behavioural Questions (PBQs). A previous study of MMIs in this setting, where PBQs and SQs were asked in the same order, reported that the reliability of PBQs was non-inferior to SQs and that SQs were more acceptable to candidates. The order in which the questions are asked may affect reliability and acceptability of an MMI...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276947/assessment-of-depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-coping-in-long-standing-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2-patients
#4
Karine Candido Rodrigues, Rodrigo Almeida Toledo, Flavia Lima Coutinho, Adriana Bezerra Nunes, Rui M B Maciel, Ana Oliveira Hoff, Marcos C Tavares, Sergio P A Toledo, Delmar Muniz Lourenço
BACKGROUND: Scarce data on psychological harm in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) are available. OBJECTIVES: To assess anxiety, depression, quality of life and coping in long-standing MEN2 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three adults (age ≥ 18 y) with clinical and genetic diagnosis of MEN2 and long-term follow-up (10.6±8.2 years; 1-33). A cross-sectional study with qualitative and quantitative psychological assessment using semi-directed interviews and HADS, EORTC QLQ C30 and MINI-MAC scales...
March 9, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264549/the-utility-of-multiple-mini-interviews-experience-of-a-medical-school
#5
Kyong-Jee Kim, Kyung-Soo Nam, Bum Sun Kwon
PURPOSE: This paper aims to introduce the design of multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) as a tool to assess medical school applicants' attributes in alignment with the school's educational goals and to evaluate its utility. METHODS: In this MMI, candidates rotated through six stations (10 minutes per station), in which specific interview topics were drawn by mapping the school's educational goals with the core competencies for entering medical students. We conducted post-MMI surveys of all of the interviewers and candidates to investigate their experiences of MMIs...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238028/prepotent-response-inhibition-and-reaction-times-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-from-a-caribbean-community
#6
Giomar Jiménez-Figueroa, Carlos Ardila-Duarte, David A Pineda, Johan E Acosta-López, Martha L Cervantes-Henríquez, Wilmar Pineda-Alhucema, Jeimys Cervantes-Gutiérrez, Marisol Quintero-Ibarra, Manuel Sánchez-Rojas, Jorge I Vélez, Pedro J Puentes-Rozo
Impairment in inhibitory control has been postulated as an underlying hallmark of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can be utilized as a quantitative trait for genetic studies. Here, we evaluate whether inhibitory control, measured by simple automatized prepotent response (PR) inhibition variables, is a robust discriminant function for the diagnosis of ADHD in children and can be used as an endophenotype for future genetic studies. One hundred fifty-two school children (30.9% female, 67...
February 25, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221059/emotion-focused-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-a-multiple-baseline-study
#7
Ben Shahar, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eve Alon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for adults suffering from social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: Using a nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design, 12 patients (mean age = 26.75 years, SD = 5.15; 7 males) meeting criteria for SAD were treated with up to 28 sessions of EFT. EFT was based on an empathic relationship, 2-chair work for self-criticism, empty-chair work for unresolved feelings, and focusing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194207/the-effects-of-motivational-interviewing-on-health-promoting-behaviors-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Alireza Dashti, Hojatollah Yousefi, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Masoud Etemadifar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that can reduce health promoting behaviors in patients. One method of increasing health promoting behaviors is motivational interviewing that can explore and resolve client ambivalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present clinical trial was carried out among 60 patients with MS. The participants were selected through convenience sampling, and then, allocated to two groups using Mini Pay software...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118682/multiple-mini-interview-predictive-validity-for-performance-on-a-pharmacy-licensing-examination
#9
Andrea J Cameron, Linda D MacKeigan, Nicholas Mitsakakis, John A Pugsley
CONTEXT: Predictive validity studies on the use of the multiple mini-interview (MMI) have been primarily in medicine. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the predictive validity of the MMI for performance within a pharmacy programme and on the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (PEBC) Qualifying Examination for licensure, and to compare the predictive validity of the MMI with that of pre-pharmacy grade point average (GPA) and Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) score...
January 24, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106314/role-of-cytokine-changes-in-clozapine-induced-fever-a-cohort-prospective-study
#10
Yuan-Pin Hung, Carol Sheei-Meei Wang, Chia-Nan Yen, Hsun-Cheng Chang, Po See Chen, I Hui Lee, Kao Chin Chen, Yen Kuang Yang, Ru-Band Lu, Tzu-Yun Wang
AIM: Clozapine-associated fever is common but the specific cytokine changes and treatment durations that may cause fever remain unknown. We investigate the association between inflammatory cytokine changes and clozapine-induced fever in patients who were treated with clozapine. METHODS: Forty-three patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, diagnosed by using the Chinese Version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, were treated with clozapine for the first time (first-time use group, n = 22) or more than 6 months (long-term use group, n = 21)...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064446/depression-screening-tools-in-persons-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-validated-tools
#11
REVIEW
Stephanie J Gill, Sara Lukmanji, Kirsten M Fiest, Scott B Patten, Samuel Wiebe, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVE: Depression affects approximately 25% of epilepsy patients. However, the optimal tool to screen for depression in epilepsy has not been definitively established. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature on the validity of depression-screening tools in epilepsy. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched until April 4, 2016 with no restriction on dates. Abstract, full-text review and data abstraction were conducted in duplicate...
January 8, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024439/impact-of-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-applicants-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#12
Jean-Michel Leduc, Richard Rioux, Robert Gagnon, Christian Bourdy, Ashley Dennis
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) are commonly used for medical school admission. This study aimed to assess if sociodemographic characteristics are associated with MMI performance, and how they may act as barriers or enablers to communication in MMI. METHODS: This mixed-method study combined data from a sociodemographic questionnaire, MMI scores, semi-structured interviews and focus groups with applicants and assessors. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and a thematic framework analysis...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909365/interviewers-experiences-with-two-multiple-mini-interview-scoring-methods-used-for-admission-to-a-master-of-physical-therapy-programme
#13
Ina van der Spuy, Angela Busch, Julia Bidonde
Purpose: To describe participants' attitudes, beliefs, and experiences with the use of two methods of scoring the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) for admission to a Master of Physical Therapy program: a rank-based scoring system (RBS; used from 2007 to 2013) and a criterion-based scoring system (CBS; tested in 2014). The MMI uses short independent assessments to obtain an aggregate score of candidates' professionalism and interpersonal skills, based on behavioural questions within scenarios that assess one attribute at a time...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905663/identifying-applicants-suitable-to-a-career-in-nursing-a-value-based-approach-to-undergraduate-selection
#14
Marian Traynor, Despina Galanouli, Martin Roberts, Lawrence Leonard, Thomas Gale
AIMS: The aim of this study was to complement existing evidence on the suitability of Multiple Mini Interviews as a potential tool for the selection of nursing candidates on to a BSc (Hons) nursing programme. BACKGROUND: This study aimed to trial the Multiple Mini Interview approach to recruitment with a group of first year nursing students (already selected using traditional interviews). DESIGN: Cross-sectional validation study. This paper reports on the evaluation of the participants' detailed scores from the Multiple Mini Interview stations; their original interview scores and their end of year results...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803210/can-multiple-mini-interviews-predict-academic-performance-of-dental-students-a-two-year-follow-up
#15
Sumer M Alaki, Ibrahim A Yamany, Lana A Shinawi, Mona H A Hassan, Ara Tekian
Prior research has shown that students' previous grade point average (GPA) is the best predictor for future academic success. However, it can only partly predict the variability in dental school performance. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of multiple mini-interviews (MMI) as an admission criterion by comparing them with the academic performance of dental students over a two-year period. All incoming undergraduate dental students at the King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Dentistry (KAUFD) during academic year 2013-14 were invited to participate in MMI...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759189/prescribing-patterns-of-psychotropic-medications-and-clinical-features-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-dysthymia-in-china
#16
Yuan Feng, Sha Sha, Chen Hu, Gang Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Chee H Ng, Tian-Mei Si, Da-Fang Chen, Yi-Ru Fang, Zheng Lu, Hai-Chen Yang, Jian Hu, Zhi-Yu Chen, Yi Huang, Jing Sun, Xiao-Ping Wang, Hui-Chun Li, Jin-Bei Zhang, Yu-Tao Xiang
INTRODUCTION: Little has been reported about the demographic and clinical features of major depressive disorder (MDD) with comorbid dysthymia in Chinese patients. This study examined the frequency of comorbid dysthymia in Chinese MDD patients together with the demographic and clinical correlates and prescribing patterns of psychotropic drugs. METHODS: Consecutively collected sample of 1178 patients with MDD were examined in 13 major psychiatric hospitals in China...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756929/the-multiple-mini-interview-as-an-admission-tool-for-a-pharmd-program-satellite-campus
#17
David Singer, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Wendy C Cox
Objective. To assess the multiple mini-interview (MMI) as an admission tool for a satellite campus. Methods. In 2013, the MMI was implemented as part of a new admissions model at the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy. From fall 2013 to spring 2015, 73 candidates were interviewed by 15 raters on the satellite campus in Asheville, North Carolina. A many-facet Rasch measurement (MFRM) with three facets was used to determine the variance in candidate ratings attributable to rater severity, candidate ability, and station difficulty...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682420/understanding-implementation-of-comprehensive-geriatric-care-programs-a-multiple-perspective-approach-is-preferred
#18
Annemarie de Vos, Jane-Murray Cramm, Jeroen D H van Wijngaarden, Ton J E M Bakker, Johan P Mackenbach, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: The Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP) provides a novel approach targeting hospital-related functional decline among elderly patients. Despite the high expectations, the PReCaP was not effective in preventing functional decline (ADL and iADL) among older patients. Although elderly PReCaP patients demonstrated slightly better cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination; 0.4 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.2-0.6]), lower depression (Geriatric Depression Scale 15; -0...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667835/an-examination-of-correlations-between-mmi-scores-and-pharmacy-school-gpa
#19
Kevin Cowart, Kamila Dell, Nazach Rodriguez-Snapp, Heather M W Petrelli
Objective. To investigate the correlation of mean admission multiple mini-interview (MMI) scores with cumulative and overall GPA across didactic years 1-3 in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. Methods. The mean admission MMI score and cumulative and overall GPA for first year (P1), second year (P2), and third year (P3) students in the PharmD curriculum was used to conduct a multiple regression analysis and to calculate a Pearson correlation coefficient. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS, v20...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663452/perceptions-of-purpose-value-and-process-of-the-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-in-anesthesia-training
#20
Damian J Castanelli, Tanisha Jowsey, Yan Chen, Jennifer M Weller
INTRODUCTION: Workplace-based assessment is integral to programmatic assessment in a competency-based curriculum. In 2013, one such assessment, a mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX) with a novel "entrustability scale", became compulsory for over 1,200 Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) trainees. We explored trainees' and supervisors' understanding of the mini-CEX, their experience with the assessment, and their perceptions of its influence on learning and supervision...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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