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infant motor development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145249/prospective-associations-between-measures-of-gross-and-fine-motor-coordination-in-infants-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-childhood
#1
Guillermo F López Sánchez, Genevieve Williams, Daniel Aggio, Domenico Vicinanza, Brendon Stubbs, Catherine Kerr, James Johnstone, Justine Roberts, Lee Smith
One important determinant of childhood physical activity and sedentary behavior may be that of motor development in infancy. The present analyses aimed to investigate whether gross and fine motor delays in infants were associated with objective and self-reported activity in childhood. Data were from the UK Millennium Cohort Study, a prospective cohort study, involving UK children born on or around the millennium (September 2000 and January 2002). When children were 9 months old, parents reported children's fine and gross motor-coordination, and at 7 years, sports club attendance and daily TV viewing time...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144840/feasibility-of-using-the-general-movements-assessment-of-infants-in-the-united-states
#2
Eileen Ricci, Christa Einspieler, Alexa K Craig
AIMS: To pilot the practicality of administering the Prechtl General Movements Assessment of infants (GMA) in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting and at home to infants at risk for developing cerebral palsy (CP). Additional aims included assessing inter-rater reliability and comparing GMA predictions to AIMS motor assessment at 12 months. METHODS: 12 "at risk" infants were recruited by convenience sample. Video recordings were obtained in the NICU and provided by parents after discharge...
November 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131457/neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-hiv-exposed-but-uninfected-infants-in-the-mother-and-infants-health-study-cape-town-south-africa
#3
Priscilla E Springer, Amy L Slogrove, Barbara Laughton, Julie A Bettinger, Henriëtte H Saunders, Christopher D Molteno, Mariana Kruger
OBJECTIVES: To compare neurodevelopmental outcomes of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) and HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) infants in a peri-urban South African population. HEU infants living in Africa face unique biological and environmental risks but uncertainty remains regarding their neurodevelopmen-tal outcome. This is partly due to lack of well-matched HUU comparison groups needed to adjust for confounding factors. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of infants enrolled at birth from a low- risk midwife obstetric facility...
November 13, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127891/elevated-maternal-anxiety-in-the-nicu-predicts-worse-fine-motor-outcome-in-vlbw-infants
#4
Michelle M Greene, Beverly Rossman, Paula Meier, Kousiki Patra
AIM: The literature is sparse with respect to the impact of elevated maternal psychological distress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on later neurodevelopmental outcome in VLBW infants. The objective of this study is to examine the impact of elevated maternal distress, defined as elevated depression, anxiety and perinatal-specific post-traumatic stress, during the NICU hospitalization on VLBW infant ND outcome at 20months corrected age (CA). METHODS: This was a prospective study of 69 mothers and their VLBW infants recruited in 2011-2012...
November 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119804/longitudinal-patterns-of-early-development-in-canadian-late-preterm-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Karen M Benzies, Joyce Magill-Evans, Marilyn Ballantyne, Jana Kurilova
This prospective, longitudinal cohort study examined longitudinal patterns of early development in Canadian children born late preterm. A convenience sample of 82 mothers and their healthy, singleton, late preterm children participated. Mothers completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaires at 4, 8, and 18 months corrected age. Concerns were most commonly reported in the communication and gross motor domains, especially early in development. The proportion of children scoring below the referral cut-off in at least one domain at 4, 8, and 18 months was, respectively, 25...
March 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117060/cognitive-development-1-year-after-infantile-critical-pertussis
#6
John T Berger, Michele E Villalobos, Amy E Clark, Richard Holubkov, Murray M Pollack, Robert A Berg, Joseph A Carcillo, Heidi Dalton, Rick Harrison, Kathleen L Meert, Christopher J L Newth, Thomas P Shanley, David L Wessel, Kanwaljeet J S Anand, Jerry J Zimmerman, Ronald C Sanders, Teresa Liu, Jeri S Burr, Douglas F Willson, Allan Doctor, J Michael Dean, Tammara L Jenkins, Carol E Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: Pertussis can cause life-threatening illness in infants. Data regarding neurodevelopment after pertussis remain scant. The aim of this study was to assess cognitive development of infants with critical pertussis 1 year after PICU discharge. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Eight hospitals comprising the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network and 18 additional sites across the United States...
November 7, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113755/early-developmental-trajectories-of-preterm-infants
#7
Maya Yaari, David Mankuta, Ayelet Harel-Gadassi, Edwa Friedlander, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Nimrod Maniv, David Zucker, Nurit Yirmiya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants are at risk for neuro-developmental impairments and atypical developmental trajectories. The aims of this study were to delineate early developmental trajectories of preterm and full-term infants. METHODS: The cognitive, language, and motor development of 149 infants - 19 extremely preterm (EPT), 34 very preterm (VPT), 57 moderately preterm (MPT), and 39 full-term (FT) - was evaluated using Mullen Scales at 1, 4, 8, 12, and 18 months...
November 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104017/neurodevelopmental-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease-before-fontan-procedure
#8
Bettina Reich, Kristina Heye, Ruth Tuura, Ingrid Beck, Kristina Wetterling, Andreas Hahn, Karoline Hofmann, Dietmar Schranz, Hakan Akintürk, Beatrice Latal, Walter Knirsch
OBJECTIVE: Neurodevelopmental impairment and impaired quality of life constitute a major source of morbidity among children with complex congenital heart disease (CHD), in particular for single ventricle morphologies. Risk factors and quality of life determining clinical and neurodevelopmental outcome at two years of age are examined. METHODS: In a two-center cohort study, 48 patients with SV-morphology (26 HLHS, 22 other types of univentricular heart defect) have been examined prior Fontan procedure between 2010 and 2015...
November 2, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101526/-developmental-neurology-networked-medicine-and-new-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
U Tacke, H Weigand-Brunnhölzl, A Hilgendorff, R M Giese, A W Flemmer, H König, B Warken-Madelung, M Arens, N Hesse, A S Schroeder
Developmental neurology is one of the major areas of neuropediatrics and is among other things (legally) responsible for monitoring the motor, cognitive and psychosocial development of all infants using standardized monitoring investigations. The special focus is on infants born at risk and/or due to premature birth before 32 weeks of gestation or a birth weight less than 1500 g. Early diagnosis of deviations from normal, age-related development is a prerequisite for early interventions, which may positively influence development and the long-term biopsychosocial prognosis of the patients...
November 3, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098066/longitudinal-multi-scale-mapping-of-infant-cortical-folding-using-spherical-wavelets
#10
Dingna Duan, Islem Rekik, Shunren Xia, Weili Lin, John H Gilmore, Dinggang Shen, Gang Li
The dynamic development of brain cognition and motor functions during infancy are highly associated with the rapid changes of the convoluted cortical folding. However, little is known about how the cortical folding, which can be characterized on different scales, develops in the first two postnatal years. In this paper, we propose a curvature-based multi-scale method using spherical wavelets to map the complicated longitudinal changes of cortical folding during infancy. Specifically, we first decompose the cortical curvature map, which encodes the cortical folding information, into multiple spatial-frequency scales, and then measure the scale-specific wavelet power at 6 different scales as quantitative indices of cortical folding degree...
April 2017: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: from Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096238/correlates-of-tummy-time-in-infants-aged-0-12-months-old-a-systematic-review
#11
Lyndel Hewitt, Rebecca M Stanley, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Tummy time, defined as an infant being placed on their stomach whilst they are awake and supervised, has been shown to have a positive effect on infant development and head shape. Tummy time can be influenced by a number of factors. Using a social ecological model, categories of potential variables can be examined to determine their influence on behaviours such as tummy time. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine potential correlates of tummy time in infants from birth to 12 months old...
October 28, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092884/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-in-term-and-preterm-infants-in-a-longitudinal-us-cohort
#12
Kara A Michels, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell, Scott C Bello, Edwina H Yeung
Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant feeding, and even the assessment of some motor skills too early.Objective: We sought to estimate associations between infant feeding and time to achieve major motor milestones in a US cohort.Design: The Upstate New York Infant Development Screening Program (Upstate KIDS Study) enrolled mothers who delivered live births in New York (2008-2010)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079650/validity-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-children-born-very-preterm-assessed-during-routine-clinical-follow-up-in-england
#13
Hilary S Wong, Frances M Cowan, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of assessing and recording the neurodevelopmental outcome of very preterm infants during routine clinical follow-up in England. DESIGN: Children born <30 weeks gestation, attending routine clinical follow-up at post-term ages 20-28 months, were recruited. Data on neurodevelopmental outcomes were recorded by the reviewing clinician in a standardised format in the child's electronic patient record, based on a set of key questions designed to be used without formal training or developmental testing...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070544/excess-iron-intake-as-a-factor-in-growth-infections-and-development-of-infants-and-young-children
#14
REVIEW
Bo Lönnerdal
The provision of iron via supplementation or the fortification of foods has been shown to be effective in preventing and treating iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in infants and young children. However, iron is a pro-oxidative element and can have negative effects on biological systems even at moderate amounts. An increasing number of studies have reported adverse effects of iron that was given to infants and young-children populations who initially were iron replete. These effects include decreased growth (both linear growth and weight), increased illness (usually diarrhea), interactions with other trace elements such as copper and zinc, altered gut microbiota to more pathogenic bacteria, increased inflammatory markers, and impaired cognitive and motor development...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065963/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-two-years-of-age-for-premature-infants-diagnosed-with-neonatal-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Sean Deering, Lin Liu, Tania Zamora, Joanne Hamilton, Carl Stepnowsky
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Neurocognitive deficits have been shown in school-aged children with sleep apnea. The effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all preterm infants (< 37 weeks) who had neonatal polysomnography (PSG) and completed neurodevelopmental assessment with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition, between 2006 to 2015 at Riley Hospital...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063960/neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-survivors-of-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-without-cerebral-palsy
#16
Breda C Hayes, Elaine Doherty, Andrea Grehan, Cathy Madigan, Cliona McGarvey, Siobhan Mulvany, Tom G Matthews, Mary D King
To access outcome following hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), survivors without cerebral palsy were invited for formal developmental assessment. Children aged ≥ 42 months were assessed using the NEPSY-2, Movement Assessment Battery for Children 2 (Movement ABC-2), Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, and the Child Behavior Checklist. Children aged < 42 months were assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (BSITD-3). One hundred forty-six children attended for assessments [Grade 1 (112), Grade 2 (33), and Grade 3 (1)]...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063585/early-8-days-systemic-postnatal-corticosteroids-for-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#17
REVIEW
Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Cheong, Richard A Ehrenkranz, Henry L Halliday
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains a major problem in neonatal intensive care units. Persistent inflammation in the lungs is the most likely underlying pathogenesis. Corticosteroids have been used to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia because of their potent anti-inflammatory effects. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relative benefits and adverse effects of systemic postnatal corticosteroids commenced within the first seven days of life for preterm infants at risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
October 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058782/the-relation-between-walking-and-language-in-infant-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Kelsey L West, Nina B Leezenbaum, Jessie B Northrup, Jana M Iverson
In typical development, walk onset is accompanied by increased language growth (e.g., Walle & Campos, 2014). The present study explored whether this relation may be disrupted in the infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; heightened risk of receiving an ASD diagnosis; HR), a population exhibiting substantial variability in motor and language development (e.g., Gamliel, Yirmiya, & Sigman, 2007; Landa & Garrett-Mayer, 2006). Receptive and expressive language were examined across the transition to walking in three groups of HR infants (no diagnosis, language delay, and ASD; N = 91, 8-18 months) and in infants with no family history of ASD (N = 25; 9-15 months)...
October 23, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057284/association-between-hemodynamic-activity-and-motor-performance-in-six-month-old-full-term-and-preterm-infants-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#19
Suelen Rosa de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Cabral de Paula Machado, Jonas Jardim de Paula, Paulo Henrique Paiva de Moraes, Maria Juliana Silvério Nahin, Lívia de Castro Magalhães, Sergio L Novi, Rickson C Mesquita, Débora Marques de Miranda, Maria Cândida Ferrarez Bouzada
This study aimed to assess task-induced activation in motor cortex and its association with motor performance in full-term and preterm born infants at six months old. A cross-sectional study of 73 six-month-old infants was conducted (35 full-term and 38 preterm infants). Motor performance was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development third edition-Bayley-III. Brain hemodynamic activity during motor task was measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Motor performance was similar in full-term and preterm infants...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051031/inflammatory-molecules-and-neurotrophic-factors-as-biomarkers-of-neuropsychomotor-development-in-preterm-neonates-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Rafael C Magalhães, Letícia P Pimenta, Izabela G Barbosa, Janaina M Moreira, João L V M de Barros, Antônio L Teixeira, Ana C Simões E Silva
OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review investigating the role of inflammatory molecules and neurotrophic factors as biomarkers of neuropsychomotor development in preterm neonates. DATA SOURCE: Databases including PubMed, BIREME, and Scopus were systematically searched. Observational studies, as well as transversal, and cohort studies using human subjects published from 1990 to September 2017 were eligible for inclusion. Two authors independently identified eligible studies and analyzed their characteristics, quality, and accuracy in depth...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
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