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infant motor development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330315/outcome-of-preterm-infants-with-postnatal-cytomegalovirus-infection
#1
Julia Gunkel, Linda S de Vries, Marian Jongmans, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Ingrid C van Haastert, Maria C J Eijsermans, Carolien van Stam, Bert G A van Zanten, Tom F W Wolfs, Joppe Nijman
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether preterm infants with postnatal cytomegalovirus infection develop neurologic sequelae in early childhood. METHODS: Infants <32 weeks' gestation were prospectively screened for cytomegalovirus (CMV) at term-equivalent age. Neurodevelopment was compared between CMV-positive and CMV-negative infants by using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (GMDS) at 16 months' corrected age (CA); the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition or the GMDS at 24 to 30 months' CA; and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Third Edition and Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition at 6 years of age...
January 12, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329316/electroencephalography-power-and-coherence-changes-with-age-and-motor-skill-development-across-the-first-half-year-of-life
#2
Ran Xiao, Joanne Shida-Tokeshi, Douglas L Vanderbilt, Beth A Smith
Existing research in infants has correlated electroencephalography (EEG) measures of power and coherence to cognitive development and to locomotor experience, but only in infants older than 5 months of age. Our goal was to explore the relationship between EEG measures of power and coherence and motor skill development in younger infants who are developing reaching skill. Twenty-one infants with typical development between 38 and 203 days of age participated. Longitudinal EEG recording sessions were recorded in monthly increments, with 3-5 sessions acquired for 19 participants and 1 session for 2 participants, resulting in 71 sessions in total...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320482/severe-retinopathy-of-prematurity-is-associated-with-reduced-cerebellar-and-brainstem-volumes-at-term-and-neurodevelopmental-deficits-at-two-years
#3
Femke J Drost, Kristin Keunen, Pim Moeskops, Nathalie H P Claessens, Femke van Kalken, Ivana Išgum, Elsbeth S M Voskuil-Kerkhof, Floris Groenendaal, Linda S de Vries, Manon J N L Benders, Jacqueline U M Termote
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), measures of brain morphology at term equivalent age (TEA) and neurodevelopmental outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 18 infants with severe ROP (median gestational age (GA) 25.3 (range 24.6-25.9 weeks) were included in this retrospective case-control study. Each infant was matched to two extremely preterm control infants (n=36) by GA, birth weight, sex and brain injury. T2-weighted images were obtained on a 3T MRI at TEA...
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308430/sex-specific-consequences-of-neonatal-stress-on-cardio-respiratory-inhibition-following-laryngeal-stimulation-in-rat-pups
#4
Cécile Baldy, Simon Chamberland, Stéphanie Fournier, Richard Kinkead
The presence of liquid near the larynx of immature mammals triggers prolonged apneas with significant O2 desaturations and bradycardias. When excessive, this reflex (the laryngeal chemoreflex; LCR) can be fatal. Our understanding of the origins of abnormal LCR are limited; however, perinatal stress and male sex are risk factors for cardio-respiratory failure in infants. Because exposure to stress during early life has deleterious and sex-specific consequences on brain development it is plausible that respiratory reflexes are vulnerable to neuroendocrine dysfunction...
November 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307249/twins-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-the-effect-of-ivf-fetal-growth-restriction-and-preterm-birth
#5
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
This invited review aimed at presenting the evidence concerning neurodevelopmental outcomes, particularly cerebral palsy (CP), motor disability, cognitive impairment, mental retardation, any major disability, blindness and deafness in cases of twins, conceived after in vitro fertilization, presenting fetal/ intrauterine growth restriction (FGR/IUGR) or being prematurely born. FGR/IUGR, prematurity and zygosity affect neurodevelopmental outcome; CP is higher in term infants, those presenting with FGR/IUGR, as well as in survivors of intrauterine co-twin death; cognitive ability of twins versus singletons mainly relates to confounding factors, as FGR/IUGR and prematurity, while evidence for differences in behavioral and psychiatric disorders between twins and singletons is limited...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303891/short-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-the-impact-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-timing-of-repair
#6
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, James T Connelly, Lindsay N Waqar, Marsha Gerdes, Judy Bernbaum, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, William H Peranteau, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the need and timing of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in relation to congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair as modifiers of short-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: A specialized tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Between June 2004 and February 2016, a total of 212 congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors enrolled in our follow-up program...
January 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288912/prediction-of-three-year-outcomes-using-the-bayley-iii-for-surgical-cardiac-and-healthy-australian-infants-at-one-year-of-age
#7
Natalie Fairbairn, Claire Galea, Alison Loughran-Fowlds, Antoinette Hodge, Nadia Badawi, Karen Walker
BACKGROUND: Previous predictive research has predominantly focussed on infants who are preterm, low birth weight, who have a specific condition or who have undergone a specific procedure. AIM: This study investigated the ability of outcomes at one year of age to predict outcomes at three years using the Bayley-III for infants who have undergone early major cardiac surgery (CS) or non-cardiac (NC) surgery and their healthy peers. STUDY DESIGN: Participants who were part of the Development After Infant Surgery (DAISy) study who had complete Bayley-III assessments at one and three years of age were included in the analyses...
December 27, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288186/long-term-early-development-research-in-congenital-heart-disease-leader-chd-a-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-observational-study-investigating-the-development-of-children-after-surgical-correction-for-congenital-heart-defects-during-the-first-3-years
#8
Hannah Ferentzi, Constanze Pfitzer, Lisa-Maria Rosenthal, Felix Berger, Katharina R L Schmitt
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect. Studies on the development of children with CHD point towards deficits in motoric, cognitive and language development. However, most studies are cross-sectional and there is a gap in the knowledge concerning developmental trajectories, risk and protective factors and a lack of research concerning environmental predictors. Specifically, no studies have so far considered the importance of early caregiving experiences and child temperament for the development of children with CHD...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286928/long-term-neurodevelopment-outcome-of-caffeine-versus-aminophylline-therapy-for-apnea-of-prematurity
#9
S Khurana, M Shivakumar, G V Sujith Kumar Reddy, P Jayashree, Y Ramesh Bhat, L E S Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Methylxanthines are the most commonly prescribed drug in neonatal setups. However, Clinicians show indecision in choosing the right agent for Apnea of Prematurity in most of the developing countries. Present study aimed to compare rate of mortality and survival with normal neurodevelopment outcome at 18 to 24 months of corrected age, between Caffeine- and Aminophylline-treated infants for apnea of prematurity. METHODS: 240 infants were randomly allocated to caffeine and aminophylline for apnea of prematurity during February 2012 to January 2015...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285864/proximodistal-exploration-in-motor-learning-as-an-emergent-property-of-optimization
#10
Freek Stulp, Pierre-Yves Oudeyer
To harness the complexity of their high-dimensional bodies during sensorimotor development, infants are guided by patterns of freezing and freeing of degrees of freedom. For instance, when learning to reach, infants free the degrees of freedom in their arm proximodistally, that is, from joints that are closer to the body to those that are more distant. Here, we formulate and study computationally the hypothesis that such patterns can emerge spontaneously as the result of a family of stochastic optimization processes, without an innate encoding of a maturational schedule...
December 29, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285555/parent-handling-of-typical-infants-varies-segmentally-across-development-of-postural-control
#11
Kerian Duncan, Adam Goodworth, Carolina Souza Neves Da Costa, Michael Wininger, Sandra Saavedra
Although trunk muscles extend across multiple vertebral joints, recent motor control studies have shown that a top-down progression of trunk control in typical infants occurs incrementally, one segment at a time, until independent sitting. The current study merges this surprising developmental pattern with parent behavior by exploring the relationship between how parents hold their infant and the segmental level for which the infant exhibits postural control. We measured trunk control of 60 infants (1-8 months) via the segmental assessment of trunk control...
December 28, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280716/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-sensory-processing-and-motor-development-in-preterm-infants
#12
Halil Ibrahim Celik, Bulent Elbasan, Kivilcim Gucuyener, Hulya Kayihan, Meral Huri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between sensory processing and motor development in preterm infants. METHOD: We included 30 preterm and 30 term infants with corrected and chronological ages between 10 and 12 mo. We used the Test of Sensory Functions in Infants to evaluate sensory processing and the Alberta Infant Motor Scale to evaluate motor development. RESULTS: The Spearman correlation test indicated a strong positive relationship between sensory processing and motor development in preterm infants (r = ...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275070/parent-participation-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-predictors-and-relationships-to-neurobehavior-and-developmental-outcomes
#13
Roberta Pineda, Joy Bender, Bailey Hall, Lisa Shabosky, Anna Annecca, Joan Smith
OBJECTIVE: To 1) define predictors of parent presence, any holding, holding in arms, and skin-to-skin care in the NICU and 2) investigate the relationships between parent participation and a) early neurobehavior and b) developmental outcomes at age 4 to 5years among preterm infants. METHODS: Eighty-one preterm infants born ≤32weeks estimated gestational age were prospectively enrolled within one week of life in a level III-IV NICU. Parent (maternal and paternal) presence and holding (including holding in arms and skin-to-skin care) were tracked throughout NICU hospitalization...
December 21, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273309/the-satisfactory-growth-and-development-at-2-years-of-age-of-the%C3%A2-intergrowth-21st-fetal-growth-standards-cohort-support-its%C3%A2-appropriateness-for-constructing-international-standards
#14
José Villar, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines Urias, Francesca Giuliani, Eric O Ohuma, Cesar G Victora, Aris T Papageorghiou, Douglas G Altman, Cutberto Garza, Fernando C Barros, Fabien Puglia, Roseline Ochieng, Yasmin A Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Manorama Purwar, Ruyan Pang, Ann Lambert, Cameron Chumlea, Alan Stein, Michelle Fernandes, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Stephen H Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that human growth should be monitored with the use of international standards. However, in obstetric practice, we continue to monitor fetal growth using numerous local charts or equations that are based on different populations for each body structure. Consistent with World Health Organization recommendations, the INTERGROWTH-21st Project has produced the first set of international standards to date pregnancies; to monitor fetal growth, estimated fetal weight, Doppler measures, and brain structures; to measure uterine growth, maternal nutrition, newborn infant size, and body composition; and to assess the postnatal growth of preterm babies...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273035/describing-objectively-measured-physical-activity-levels-patterns-and-correlates-in-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-infants-and-toddlers-from-south-africa
#15
Alessandra Prioreschi, Soren Brage, Kylie D Hesketh, Jill Hnatiuk, Kate Westgate, Lisa K Micklesfield
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is considered to have health benefits across the lifespan but levels, patterns, and correlates have not been well described in infants and toddlers under the age of two years. METHODS: This study aimed to describe objectively and subjectively measured physical activity in a group of South African infants aged 3- to 24-months (n = 140), and to investigate individual and maternal correlates of physical activity in this sample. Infants' physical activity was measured using an Axivity AX3 wrist-worn accelerometer for one week and the mean vector magnitude was calculated...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262486/-association-between-elective-cesarean-section-and-infants-developmental-behaviors-a-cohort-study
#16
Y F Sun, K Huang, Y B Hu, H Gao, Y Niu, X Y Tao, R W Tao, P Zhu, F B Tao
Objective: To investigate the effect of elective cesarean section (ECS) on infants' developmental behaviors. Methods: A total of 3 474 pregnant women living in Ma'anshan more than 6 months and accepting obstetric examination in Ma'anshan Maternal and Child Care Center were recruited from May 2013 to September 2014. Excluding participants with pregnancy termination (162), twin pregnancy (39), assisted delivery (14), emergency cesarean section (76) and unclear delivery mode (141), 3 042 pair of mother and infant entered the final analysis...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262276/endoscopic-treatment-versus-shunting-for-infant-hydrocephalus-in-uganda
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Abhaya V Kulkarni, Steven J Schiff, Edith Mbabazi-Kabachelor, John Mugamba, Peter Ssenyonga, Ruth Donnelly, Jody Levenbach, Vishal Monga, Mallory Peterson, Michael MacDonald, Venkateswararao Cherukuri, Benjamin C Warf
BACKGROUND: Postinfectious hydrocephalus in infants is a major health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The conventional treatment is ventriculoperitoneal shunting, but surgeons are usually not immediately available to revise shunts when they fail. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus cauterization (ETV-CPC) is an alternative treatment that is less subject to late failure but is also less likely than shunting to result in a reduction in ventricular size that might facilitate better brain growth and cognitive outcomes...
December 21, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246577/the-management-of-myelomeningocele-study-full-cohort-30-month-pediatric-outcomes
#18
Diana L Farmer, Elizabeth A Thom, John W Brock, Pamela K Burrows, Mark P Johnson, Lori J Howell, Jody A Farrell, Nalin Gupta, N Scott Adzick
BACKGROUND: Previous reports from the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) demonstrated that prenatal repair of myelomeningocele reduces hindbrain herniation, the need for cerebrospinal fluid shunting, and improves motor function in children with myelomeningocele. The trial was stopped for efficacy after 183 patients had been randomized, but 30-month outcomes were only available at the time of initial publication in 134 mother-child dyads. Data from the complete cohort for the 30-month outcomes are presented here...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246467/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-umbilical-cord-milking-vs-delayed-cord-clamping-in-preterm-infants-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-22-26-months-of-corrected-age
#19
Anup Katheria, Donna Garey, Giang Truong, Natacha Akshoomoff, Jane Steen, Mauricio Maldonado, Debra Poeltler, Mary Jane Harbert, Yvonne E Vaucher, Neil Finer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of umbilical cord milking vs delayed cord clamping (DCC) on neurodevelopmental and health outcomes in very preterm infants at 22-26 months of corrected age. STUDY DESIGN: Neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age were assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, third edition, and a standardized neurologic examination. Data regarding pulmonary morbidities, neurosensory impairments, and hospitalizations were obtained by parental interview...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246356/a-novel-magnetic-resonance-imaging-score-predicts-neurodevelopmental-outcome-after-perinatal-asphyxia-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#20
Lauren C Weeke, Floris Groenendaal, Kalyani Mudigonda, Mats Blennow, Maarten H Lequin, Linda C Meiners, Ingrid C van Haastert, Manon J Benders, Boubou Hallberg, Linda S de Vries
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of a novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) score, which includes diffusion-weighted imaging as well as assessment of the deep grey matter, white matter, and cerebellum, for neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years and school age among term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy treated with therapeutic hypothermia. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study (cohort 1, The Netherlands 2008-2014; cohort 2, Sweden 2007-2012) including infants born at >36 weeks of gestational age treated with therapeutic hypothermia who had an MRI in the first weeks of life...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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