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infant motor development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916786/early-maternal-mirroring-predicts-infant-motor-system-activation-during-facial-expression-observation
#1
Holly Rayson, James John Bonaiuto, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Lynne Murray
Processing facial expressions is an essential component of social interaction, especially for preverbal infants. In human adults and monkeys, this process involves the motor system, with a neural matching mechanism believed to couple self- and other-generated facial gestures. Here, we used electroencephalography to demonstrate recruitment of the human motor system during observation and execution of facial expressions in nine-month-old infants, implicating this system in facial expression processing from a very young age...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915773/does-motor-development-in-infancy-predict-spinal-pain-in-later-childhood-a-cohort-study
#2
Steven J Kamper, Christopher M Williams, Lise Hestbaek
Study Design Longitudinal cohort study. Background Spinal pain is responsible for a huge personal and societal burden but the aetiology remains unclear. Deficits in motor control have been implicated with spinal pain in adults, and delayed motor development is associated with a range of health problems and risks in children. Objectives To assess whether there is an independent relationship between the age at which infants first sit and walk without support, and spinal pain at age 11 years. Methods Data from the Danish National Birth Cohort were analysed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915232/effects-of-early-nutrition-and-growth-on-brain-volumes-white-matter-microstructure-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-preterm-newborns
#3
Caterina Coviello, Kristin Keunen, Karina J Kersbergen, Floris Groenendaal, Alexander Leemans, Barbara Peels, Ivana Isgum, Max A Viergever, Linda S de Vries, Giuseppe Buonocore, Virgilio P Carnielli, Manon J N L Benders
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutrition and growth during the first 4 weeks after birth on cerebral volumes and white matter maturation at term equivalent age(TEA) and on neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years corrected age(CA), in preterm infants. METHODS: 131 infants born at a gestational age(GA)<31weeks with MRI at TEA were studied. Cortical gray matter volumes(CGM), basal ganglia and thalami(BGT) volumes, cerebellar volumes and total brain volume(TBV) were computed...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912368/neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-and-hiv-unexposed-uninfected-children-at-24-months
#4
Sumona Chaudhury, Paige L Williams, Gloria K Mayondi, Jean Leidner, Penny Holding, Vicki Tepper, Sharon Nichols, Jane Magetse, Maureen Sakoi, Kebaiphe Moabi, Joseph Makhema, Charlotte Mdluli, Haruna Jibril, George R Seage, Betsy Kammerer, Shahin Lockman
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine if HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children had worse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 24 months compared with HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) children in Botswana. METHODS: HIV-infected and uninfected mothers enrolled in a prospective observational study ("Tshipidi") in Botswana from May 2010 to July 2012. Child neurodevelopment was assessed at 24 months with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III: cognitive, gross motor, fine motor, expressive language, and receptive language domains) and the Development Milestones Checklist (DMC), a caregiver-completed questionnaire (locomotor, fine motor, language and personal-social domains)...
September 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903112/savoring-sweet-sugars-in-infant-and-toddler-feeding
#5
Robert D Murray
During the first years of life, the sweetness of sugars has a capacity to hinder or to help in laying a strong nutritional foundation for food preferences that often extend over a lifetime. Aside from supplying 4 g/kcal of energy, sugars are non-nutritive. However, sugars have a powerful attribute, sweetness, which strongly influences human food preference. A child's first relationship with sweet taste begins even before birth and continues to evolve throughout complementary feeding. The sweetness of breastmilk encourages consumption and soothes the neonate...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901887/microcytosis-is-associated-with-low-cognitive-outcomes-in-healthy-2-year-olds-in-a-high-resource-setting
#6
Elaine K McCarthy, Mairead E Kiely, Geraldine Hannon, Caroline Ahearne, Louise C Kenny, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Alan D Irvine, Deirdre M Murray
Fe deficiency in early childhood is associated with long-term consequences for cognitive, motor and behavioural development; however explorations in healthy children from low risk, high-resource settings have been limited. We aimed to explore associations between Fe status and neurodevelopmental outcomes in low risk, healthy 2-year-olds. This study was a secondary analysis of a nested case-control subgroup from the prospective, maternal-infant Cork Babies after Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints: Evaluating the Longitudinal Impact using Neurological and Nutritional Endpoints (BASELINE) Birth Cohort Study...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898311/-breastfeeding-gross-motor-development-and-obesity-is-there-any-causal-association
#7
Gerardo Weisstaub N, Luisa Schonhaut B, Gabriela Salazar R
Childhood obesity is the main nutritional and public health problem in Chile, being the principal causes, the increase in energy dense foods and the decline of physical activity. Interventions to prevent obesity at infancy are focused mainly in improving quality and quantity of dietary intake, without taking into account physical activity, which is expressed under two years of age, mainly by motor development. Some studies have proven that motor development at early age, may influence the ability to perform physical activity...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891027/short-term-oral-zinc-supplementation-among-babies-with-neonatal-sepsis-for-reducing-mortality-and-improving-outcome-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Newton Banupriya, Ballambattu Vishnu Bhat, Bosco Dhas Benet, Christina Catherine, Magadi Gopalakrishna Sridhar, Subhash Chandra Parija
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of short term zinc supplementation on the mortality rate and neurodevelopment outcome in neonates with sepsis at 12 mo corrected age. METHODS: The clinical trial was undertaken in the neonatal intensive care unit of JIPMER during the time period from September 2013 through December 2016. Neonates with clinical manifestations of sepsis who exhibited two positive screening tests (microESR, C- reactive protein, band cell count) were included and randomized into no zinc and zinc group...
September 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891004/cerebral-imaging-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-after-entero-and-human-parechovirus-sepsis-in-young-infants
#9
Eveline P de Jong, Herma C Holscher, Sylke J Steggerda, Jeanine M M Van Klink, Erika P M van Elzakker, Enrico Lopriore, Frans J Walther, Frank Brus
Enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) are major causes of sepsis-like illness in infants under 90 days of age and have been identified as neurotropic. Studies about acute and long-term neurodevelopment in infants with sepsis-like illness without the need for intensive care are few. This study investigates cerebral imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome following EV and HPeV infection in these infants. We studied infants under 90 days of age who were admitted to a medium care unit with proven EV- or HPeV-induced sepsis-like illness...
September 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890690/a-cohesive-framework-for-motor-stereotypy-in-typical-and-atypical-development-the-role-of-sensorimotor-integration
#10
Robin L Shafer, Karl M Newell, Mark H Lewis, James W Bodfish
Stereotyped motor behavior manifests as rhythmic, repetitive movements. It is common in several neurologic and psychiatric disorders where it is considered maladaptive. However, it also occurs early in typical development where it serves an adaptive function in the development of complex, controlled motor behavior. Currently, no framework accounts for both adaptive and maladaptive forms of motor stereotypy. We propose a conceptual model that implicates sensorimotor mechanisms in the phenomenology of adaptive and maladaptive stereotypy...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881546/-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-the-behavioral-development-of-infants-and-children-a-birth-cohort-study-in-ma-anshan
#11
A X Ye, X Y Tao, S Q Yan, A Z Zuo, W J Pan, K Huang, F B Tao
Objective: To discuss the relationship between breastfeeding and the behavioral development of infants and children. Methods: Based on the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort Study, there were 3 474 pregnant women recruited from Ma'anshan Maternal and Child Care Center between May 2013 and September 2014, including 3 273 singleton live births. Follow up the infants to the age of 18 months old. Excluded the infants with incomplete information of breastfeeding and who did not finish the ASQ-3 evaluation in 6 months old and 18 months old, 2 404 valid subjects were included in the study...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878181/developmental-outcomes-at-24-months-of-age-in-toddlers-supplemented-with-arachidonic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-results-of-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Angela M Devlin, Cecil M Y Chau, Roger Dyer, Julie Matheson, Deanna McCarthy, Karin Yurko-Mauro, Sheila M Innis, Ruth E Grunau
Little is known about arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) requirements in toddlers. A longitudinal, double blind, controlled trial in toddlers ( n = 133) age 13.4 ± 0.9 months (mean ± standard deviation), randomized to receive a DHA (200 mg/day) and ARA (200 mg/day) supplement (supplement) or a corn oil supplement (control) until age 24 months determined effects on neurodevelopment. We found no effect of the supplement on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) cognitive and language composites and Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (Beery VMI) at age 24 months...
September 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877349/development-of-the-quality-of-reaching-in-infants-with-cerebral-palsy-a-kinematic-study
#13
Anke G Boxum, Sacha La Bastide-Van Gemert, Linze-Jaap Dijkstra, Elisa G Hamer, Tjitske Hielkema, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Mijna Hadders-Algra
AIM: To assess development of reaching and head stability in infants at very high risk (VHR-infants) of cerebral palsy (CP) who did and did not develop CP. METHOD: This explorative longitudinal study assessed the kinematics of reaching and head sway in sitting in 37 VHR-infants (18 CP) one to four times between 4.7 months and 22.6 months corrected age. Developmental trajectories were calculated using linear mixed effect models. Motor function was evaluated with the Infant Motor Profile (IMP) around 13 months corrected age...
September 6, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872348/marijuana-and-breastfeeding-applicability-of-the-current-literature-to-clinical-practice
#14
Jasminder Mourh, Hilary Rowe
With recent legalization of marijuana in numerous U.S. states, the risk of marijuana exposure via breast milk is a rising concern. This review analyzes the available human and animal literature regarding maternal use of marijuana during lactation. The findings can be categorized into four areas of analysis: effects of marijuana on the mother, transfer into milk, transfer to the offspring, and effects on the offspring. Human and animal data have reported decreased prolactin levels as well as potential maternal psychological changes...
September 5, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866011/development-of-a-computerized-adaptive-test-of-children-s-gross-motor-skills
#15
Chien-Yu Huang, Li-Chen Tung, Yeh-Tai Chou, Hing-Man Wu, Kuan-Lin Chen, Ching-Lin Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a computerized adaptive test (CAT) for gross motor skills (GM-CAT) as a diagnostic test and an outcome measure, using the gross motor subtest of the Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers (CDIIT-GM) as the candidate item bank. Moreover, we examined the psychometric properties and the efficiency of the GM-CAT. SETTING: A developmental center of a medical center DESIGN: Retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Children with and without developmental delay (N=1,738) INTERVENTIONS: Not Applicable...
August 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864240/global-motion-perception-is-associated-with-motor-function-in-2-year-old-children
#16
Benjamin Thompson, Christopher J D McKinlay, Arijit Chakraborty, Nicola S Anstice, Robert J Jacobs, Nabin Paudel, Tzu-Ying Yu, Judith M Ansell, Trecia A Wouldes, Jane E Harding
The dorsal visual processing stream that includes V1, motion sensitive area V5 and the posterior parietal lobe, supports visually guided motor function. Two recent studies have reported associations between global motion perception, a behavioural measure of processing in V5, and motor function in pre-school and school aged children. This indicates a relationship between visual and motor development and also supports the use of global motion perception to assess overall dorsal stream function in studies of human neurodevelopment...
August 31, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858247/probiotic-supplementation-in-preterm-feeding-intolerance-and-hospital-cost
#17
Flavia Indrio, Giuseppe Riezzo, Silvio Tafuri, Maria Ficarella, Barbara Carlucci, Massimo Bisceglia, Lorenzo Polimeno, Ruggiero Francavilla
We hypothesized that giving the probiotic strain Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) DSM 17938 to preterm, formula-fed infants would prevent an early traumatic intestinal inflammatory insult modulating intestinal cytokine profile and reducing the onset of feeding intolerance. Newborn were randomly allocated during the first 48 h of life to receive either daily probiotic (10⁸ colony forming units (CFUs) of L. reuteri DSM 17938) or placebo for one month. All the newborns underwent to gastric ultrasound for the measurement of gastric emptying time...
August 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856607/natural-history-of-aromatic-l-amino-acid-decarboxylase-deficiency-in-taiwan
#18
Wuh-Liang Hwu, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Ni-Chung Lee, Mei-Hsin Li
OBJECTIVES: Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency is a rare inherited disorder of monoamine neurotransmitter synthesis; this deficiency leads to psychomotor delay, hypotonia, oculogyric crises, dystonia, and extraneurological symptoms. This study aimed to provide further insight into the clinical course of AADC deficiency in Taiwan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a retrospective, descriptive, single-center study of 37 children with a confirmed diagnosis of AADC deficiency...
August 31, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851784/the-effects-of-vitamin-b12-supplementation-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-on-growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-early-childhood-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Ram K Chandyo, Manjeswori Ulak, Ingrid Kvestad, Merina Shrestha, Suman Ranjitkar, Sudha Basnet, Mari Hysing, Laxman Shrestha, Tor A Strand
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin B12 is crucial for normal cell division and differentiation, and necessary for the development and myelination of the central nervous system. Pregnant mothers in resource poor settings are at risk for poor vitamin B12 status. Poor vitamin B12 status in infancy is linked to poor growth and neurodevelopment. Brain development starts from conception, and pregnancy is a period of rapid growth and development for the brain. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study is an individually randomised double-blind placebo controlled trial in 800 pregnant Nepalese women randomised in a 1:1 ratio...
August 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846688/effects-of-lay-support-for-pregnant-women-with-social-risk-factors-on-infant-development-and-maternal-psychological-health-at-12-months-postpartum
#20
Emma Popo, Sara Kenyon, Sophie-Anna Dann, Christine MacArthur, Jacqueline Blissett
BACKGROUND: The ELSIPS (Evaluation of Lay Support in Pregnant Women with Social Risk) RCT showed that lay support for women with social risk had a positive effect on maternal mental health and mother-infant bonding. This exploratory study examined whether these observed benefits would impact infant development at 1 year. METHODS: A sub-sample of women whose infants were under one year who had participated in the ELSIPS RCT which randomised women to receive either standard care or the services of a Pregnancy Outreach Worker (POW), and who were contactable, were eligible to participate in the follow up...
2017: PloS One
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