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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350873/test-procedures-to-assess-somatosensory-abnormalities-in-individuals-with-peripheral-joint-pain-a-systematic-review-of-psychometric-properties
#1
REVIEW
Abdullah Alqarni, Donald Manlapaz, David Baxter, Steve Tumilty, Ramakrishnan Mani
BACKGROUND: Test procedures that were developed to assess somatosensory abnormalities should possess optimal psychometric properties (PMPs) to be used in clinical practice. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the literature to assess the level of evidence for PMPs of test procedures investigated in individuals with peripheral joint pain (PJP). METHODS: A comprehensive electronic literature search was conducted in seven databases from inception to March 2016...
January 19, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347502/topography-and-topology-driven-spreading-of-non-newtonian-power-law-liquids-on-a-flat-and-a-spherical-substrate
#2
Masao Iwamatsu
The spreading of a cap-shaped spherical droplet of non-Newtonian power-law liquids on a flat and a spherical rough and textured substrate is theoretically studied in the capillary-controlled spreading regime. A droplet whose scale is much larger than that of the roughness of substrate is considered. The equilibrium contact angle on a rough substrate is modeled by the Wenzel and the Cassie-Baxter model. Only the viscous energy dissipation within the droplet volume is considered, and that within the texture of substrate by imbibition is neglected...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347190/exact-phase-boundaries-and-topological-phase-transitions-of-the-xyz-spin-chain
#3
S A Jafari
Within the block spin renormalization group, we give a very simple derivation of the exact phase boundaries of the XYZ spin chain. First, we identify the Ising order along x[over ̂] or y[over ̂] as attractive renormalization group fixed points of the Kitaev chain. Then, in a global phase space composed of the anisotropy λ of the XY interaction and the coupling Δ of the Δσ^{z}σ^{z} interaction, we find that the above fixed points remain attractive in the two-dimesional parameter space. We therefore classify the gapped phases of the XYZ spin chain as: (1) either attracted to the Ising limit of the Kitaev-chain, which in turn is characterized by winding number ±1, depending on whether the Ising order parameter is along x[over ̂] or y[over ̂] directions; or (2) attracted to the charge density wave (CDW) phases of the underlying Jordan-Wigner fermions, which is characterized by zero winding number...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347043/scaling-laws-for-the-mechanics-of-loose-and-cohesive-granular-materials-based-on-baxter-s-sticky-hard-spheres
#4
Johan Gaume, Henning Löwe, Shurun Tan, Leung Tsang
We have conducted discrete element simulations (pfc3d) of very loose, cohesive, granular assemblies with initial configurations which are drawn from Baxter's sticky hard sphere (SHS) ensemble. The SHS model is employed as a promising auxiliary means to independently control the coordination number z_{c} of cohesive contacts and particle volume fraction ϕ of the initial states. We focus on discerning the role of z_{c} and ϕ for the elastic modulus, failure strength, and the plastic consolidation line under quasistatic, uniaxial compression...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345364/the-n-terminal-peptide-moiety-of-the-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-19-kda-lipoprotein-harbors-rp105-agonistic-properties
#5
Thomas E Schultz, Karl-Heinz Wiesmüller, Megan Lucas, Karen M Dobos, Alan G Baxter, Antje Blumenthal
Radioprotective 105 kDa (RP105, CD180) is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family that interacts with TLR2 and facilitates recognition of mature lipoproteins expressed by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis BCG. In this study, we used synthetic lipopeptide analogs of the M. tuberculosis 19 kDa lipoprotein to define structural characteristics that promote RP105-mediated host cell responses. A tripalmitoylated lipopeptide composed of the first 16 N-terminal amino acids of the M. tuberculosis 19 kDa lipoprotein induced RP105-dependent TNF and IL-6 production by macrophages...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343134/implementation-of-vaginal-cleansing-prior-to-cesarean-delivery-to-decrease-endometritis-rates
#6
Laura Felder, Amanda Paternostro, Johanna Quist-Nelson, Jason Baxter, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: Endometritis is a postpartum complication that is more common after cesarean delivery. It frequently requires intravenous antibiotic administration, prolonged hospital stays, and carries a risk of sepsis or abscess formation. Precesarean vaginal preparation has been shown to decrease the risk of endometritis in patients who have labored or have ruptured membranes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the practical implementation of a protocol for vaginal cleansing prior to cesarean delivery and the subsequent effect on endometritis rates in a clinical setting...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338931/in-vitro-activity-of-eravacycline-against-2213-gram-negative-and-2424-gram-positive-bacterial-pathogens-isolated-in-canadian-hospital-laboratories-canward-surveillance-study-2014-2015
#7
George G Zhanel, Melanie R Baxter, Heather J Adam, Joyce Sutcliffe, James A Karlowsky
Gram-negative (n=2213) and Gram-positive (n=2424) pathogens isolated from patients in 13 Canadian hospitals in 2014 and 2015 were tested for in vitro susceptibility to eravacycline and comparators using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute broth microdilution method. The concentration of eravacycline inhibiting 90% of isolates (MIC90) ranged from 0.5 to 2μg/mL for 9 species of Enterobacteriaceae tested (n=2067). Eravacycline activity was largely unaffected by extended-spectrum β-lactamase phenotypes in Escherichia coli (n=141) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=21)...
December 22, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337125/facilitating-hemostasis-after-proximal-aortic-surgery-results-of-the-protect-trial
#8
Ali Khoynezhad, Jacob DelaRosa, Marc R Moon, William T Brinkman, Richard B Thompson, Nimesh D Desai, S Chris Malaisrie, Leonard N Girardi, Joseph E Bavaria, T Brett Reece
BACKGROUND: This study intended to evaluate the safety and hemostatic efficacy of a novel vascular sealant (Tridyne™ , Neomend, Inc., Irvine, CA) compared to an accepted adjunctive hemostatic agent applied to aortotomy and sutures lines in cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: Subjects undergoing aortic valve replacement, ascending aortic replacement and/or aortic root replacement were randomized 2:1 to Tridyne™ (n =107) or Gelfoam®+ (Gelfoam®+, Baxter Healthcare Corp...
January 11, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326380/neuroendovascular-management-of-emergent-large-vessel-occlusion-update-on-the-technical-aspects-and-standards-of-practice-by-the-standards-and-guidelines-committee-of-the-society-of-neurointerventional-surgery
#9
Chirag D Gandhi, Fawaz Al Mufti, I Paul Singh, Todd Abruzzo, Barbara Albani, Sameer A Ansari, Adam S Arthur, Mark Bain, Blaise W Baxter, Ketan R Bulsara, Justin M Caplan, Michael Chen, Guilherme Dabus, Don Frei, Steven W Hetts, M Shazam Hussain, Mahesh V Jayaraman, Yasha Kayan, Richard P Klucznik, Seon-Kyu Lee, William J Mack, Thabele Leslie-Mazwi, Ryan A McTaggart, Philip M Meyers, Maxim Mokin, Athos T Patsalides, Charles J Prestigiacomo, G Lee Pride, Robert M Starke, Peter J Sunenshine, Justin F Fraser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326127/skill-sets-required-for-the-management-of-military-head-face-and-neck-trauma-a-multidisciplinary-consensus-statement
#10
John Breeze, R Blanch, J Baden, A M Monaghan, D Evriviades, S E Harrisson, S Roberts, A Gibson, N MacKenzie, D Baxter, A J Gibbons, S Heppell, J G Combes, R F Rickard
INTRODUCTION: The evolution of medical practice is resulting in increasing subspecialisation, with head, face and neck (HFN) trauma in a civilian environment usually managed by a combination of surgical specialties working as a team. However, the full combination of HFN specialties commonly available in the NHS may not be available in future UK military-led operations, necessitating the identification of a group of skill sets that could be delivered by one or more deployed surgeons. METHOD: A systematic review was undertaken to identify those surgical procedures performed to treat acute military head, face, neck and eye trauma...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325832/the-pics-technique-a-novel-approach-for-residual-curvature-correction-during-penile-prosthesis-implantation-in-patients-with-severe-peyronie-s-disease-using-the-collagen-fleece-tachosil
#11
Georgios Hatzichristodoulou
BACKGROUND: Correction of residual curvature during inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) implantation in patients with Peyronie's disease (PD) by plaque incision and grafting is a common approach. AIM: To present a novel technique for residual curvature correction during IPP implantation using collagen fleece (TachoSil, Baxter Healthcare Corp, Deerfield, IL, USA). METHODS: After the IPP (Titan Touch, Coloplast, Minneapolis, MN, USA) is placed, the implant is inflated maximally...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321331/germline-igm-is-sufficient-but-not-required-for-antibody-mediated-alphavirus-clearance-from-the-central-nervous-system
#12
Voraphoj Nilaratanakul, Jie Chen, Oanh Tran, Victoria K Baxter, Elizabeth M Troisi, Jane X Yeh, Diane E Griffin
Sindbis virus (SINV) infection of neurons in the brain and spinal cord in mice provides a model system for investigating recovery from encephalomyelitis and antibody-mediated clearance of virus from the central nervous system (CNS). To determine the roles of IgM and IgG in recovery, we compared the responses of immunoglobulin-deficient activation-induced adenosine deaminase (AID)-/-, secretory IgM (sIgM)-/- and AID-/- sIgM-/- double knock out (DKO) mice with wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice for disease, clearance of infectious virus and viral RNA from brain and spinal cord, antibody responses and B cell infiltration into the CNS...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317387/conflicting-asthma-guidelines-cause-confusion-in-primary-care
#13
EDITORIAL
Duncan Keeley, Noel Baxter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315345/identification-and-functional-analysis-of-sox10-phosphorylation-sites-in-melanoma
#14
Julia C Cronin, Stacie K Loftus, Laura L Baxter, Steve Swatkoski, Marjan Gucek, William J Pavan
The transcription factor SOX10 plays an important role in vertebrate neural crest development, including the establishment and maintenance of the melanocyte lineage. SOX10 is also highly expressed in melanoma tumors, and SOX10 expression increases with tumor progression. The suppression of SOX10 in melanoma cells activates TGF-β signaling and can promote resistance to BRAF and MEK inhibitors. Since resistance to BRAF/MEK inhibitors is seen in the majority of melanoma patients, there is an immediate need to assess the underlying biology that mediates resistance and to identify new targets for combinatorial therapeutic approaches...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311196/non-touch-aseptic-technique-maintains-sterility-of-antibiotic-admixed-peritoneal-dialysis-fluid
#15
Louis L Huang, Ellen Ramas, Priti Prasad, Jenny Catania, Pauline Meade, Eamonn Butler, Lawrence P McMahon
There is a paucity of data on the sterility of peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF) after drug admixture. International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) guidelines suggest using sterile technique when admixing antibiotics; however, the degree of sterility remains unclear. This issue is most pertinent when preparing take-home PDF for outpatient treatment of peritonitis. This study compares the sterility of PDF admixed with antibiotics using a non-touch aseptic technique (NTAT) versus sterile technique.Groups of 8 PDF mixtures (1...
January 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310703/management-of-persistent-epistaxis-using-floseal-hemostatic-matrix-vs-traditional-nasal-packing-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#16
Scott Murray, Adrian Mendez, Alexander Hopkins, Hamdy El-Hakim, Caroline C Jeffery, David W J Côté
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is the most common emergent consultation to otolaryngology-head & neck surgery (OHNS) and with 60% of the population having experienced an episode and 1.6 in 10,000 requiring hospitalization in their lifetime. In preliminary studies Floseal® (Baxter, USA) Hemostatic Matrix has shown efficacy in up to 80% of persistent anterior epistaxis. We sought to evaluate the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of Floseal® (Baxter, USA) compared to traditional nasal packing for persistent epistaxis...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309521/long-term-effectiveness-of-the-live-zoster-vaccine-in-preventing-shingles-a-cohort-study
#17
Roger Baxter, Joan Bartlett, Bruce Fireman, Morgan Marks, John Hansen, Edwin Lewis, Laurie Aukes, Yong Chen, Nicola P Klein, Patricia Saddier
A live attenuated zoster vaccine was licensed in the United States in 2006 for prevention of shingles in persons aged 60 years or older; the indication was extended in 2011 to cover those aged 50-59 years. We assessed vaccine effectiveness (VE) against shingles for 8 years after immunization at Kaiser Permanente Northern California. VE was estimated by Cox regression with a calendar timeline that was stratified by birth year. We adjusted for demographics and time-varying covariates, including comorbidities and immune compromise...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306643/drug-induced-thrombocytopenia-after-anticoagulation-with-rivaroxaban
#18
Marianne K Pop, Farhad Farokhi, Lela Iduna
A 66-year-old man presented to the emergency department with complaints of dark-colored stool and rash developing over the last couple of days. The patient was started on rivaroxaban and flecainide for months prior for atrial fibrillation. Upon arrival, he was awake, alert, and oriented with a blood pressure of 111/63mmHg, heart rate of 68 beats per minute, and oxygen saturation of 96% on room air. A review of systems was unremarkable with the exception of skin rash and light-headedness. The patient's initial laboratory results were significant for red blood cell (RBC) count of 4...
December 24, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301087/localized-3-d-functionalization-of-bionanoreceptors-on-high-density-micropillar-arrays-via-electrowetting
#19
Sangwook Chu, Thomas E Winkler, Adam Degen Brown, James N Culver, Reza Ghodssi
In this work, we introduce an electrowetting-assisted 3-D biofabrication process allowing both complete and localized functionalization of bionanoreceptors onto densely arranged 3-D microstructures. Integration of biomaterials with three-dimensional (3-D) microdevice components offers exciting opportunities for communities developing miniature bioelectronics with enhanced performances and advanced modes of operation. However, most biological materials are stable only in properly conditioned aqueous solutions, thus the water-repellent properties exhibited by densely arranged micro-/nano- structures (widely known as the Cassie-Baxter state) represent a significant challenge to biomaterial integration...
January 4, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289984/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-of-parents-with-self-reported-mental-health-problems
#20
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Francisco Perales, Janeen Baxter, Stephen R Zubrick
This paper provides Australian population-level estimates of the prevalence of parental self-reported lifetime mental disorders and past 12 month mental disorders in their children. It leverages unique data from the 2013-2014 Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (Young Minds Matter) (n = 6310). Mental disorders were assessed in 4-17 year-olds using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV. Primary carer (PC) and secondary carer mental health was based on PC-reported lifetime diagnoses...
December 30, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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