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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930868/next-generation-sequencing-revealed-tp53-mutations-to-be-malignant-marker-for-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-that-could-be-detected-using-pancreatic-juice
#1
Shinichi Takano, Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Makoto Kadokura, Hiroko Shindo, Ei Takahashi, Sumio Hirose, Shinya Maekawa, Kunio Mochizuki, Hiromichi Kawaida, Jun Itakura, Ryohei Katoh, Hideki Fujii, Tadashi Sato, Nobuyuki Enomoto
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify the genetic mutations associated with malignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) and evaluate the possibility of detecting mutations in pure pancreatic juice by next-generation sequencing. METHODS: Resected tissues were collected from 50 patients with IPMN, and pure pancreatic juice samples were collected from 19 patients who had a resection. The extracted DNA was amplified by multiplex polymerase chain reaction targeting 52 cancer-related genes, including KRAS, GNAS, RNF43, and TP53; the mutations were then detected by next-generation sequencing and then analyzed for correlations with the clinicopathological characteristics...
September 19, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930217/influence-of-different-isolation-methods-on-chemical-composition-and-bioactivities-of-the-fruit-peel-oil-of-citrus-medica-l-var-sarcodactylis-noot-swingle
#2
Gang Deng, Jonathan D Craft, Kelly Marie Steinberg, Pei Lei Li, Suraj Kumar Pokharel, William N Setzer
Background: The chemical composition and bioactivities of essential oils (EOs) of fingered citron (Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis (Noot.) Swingle) are considerably sensitive and lapsible during high-temperature processing of traditional separating techniques. In the present research, vacuum distillation and ultrafiltration were utilized in order to process the concentrated juice from fingered citron, obtaining a high-quality essential oil. Methods: In order to compare the essential oils obtained by conventional means, the chemical compositions of the essential oils were analyzed using GC-MS, before antimicrobial and antioxidant screening assays were carried out...
January 4, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930159/correction-nicodemus-johnson-j-et-al-fruit-and-juice-epigenetic-signatures-are-associated-with-independent-immunoregulatory-pathways-nutrients-2017-9-752
#3
Jessie Nicodemus-Johnson, Robert A Sinnott
We would like to submit the following correction to our recently published paper [1] due to the error in illustration of the abbreviation eFORGE. The details are as follows:[...].
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929985/characterizing-trends-in-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-the-usa-by-self-report-and-by-supply-and-disappearance-data-2001-2014
#4
Zach Conrad, Kenneth Chui, Lisa Jahns, Christian J Peters, Timothy S Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the comparability of fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake data in the USA from 2001 to 2014 between data acquired from two national data collection programmes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. Linear regression models estimated trends in daily per capita intake of total F&V. Pooled differences in intake of individual F&V (n 109) were examined by processing form (fresh, frozen, canned, dried and juice). SETTING: What We Eat in America (WWEIA, 2001-2014) and Loss-Adjusted Food Availability data series (LAFA, 2001-2014)...
September 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928778/effectiveness-of-morinda-citrifolia-juice-as-an-intracanal-irrigant-in-deciduous-molars-an-in-vivo-study
#5
Manisha Chandwani, Rakesh Mittal, Shweta Chandak, Jitesh Pimpale
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbial reduction in deciduous molars using Morinda citrifolia juice (MCJ) as irrigating solution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized comparative study including 60 deciduous molars chosen among the patients belonging to the age group of 6-9 years based on the inclusion or exclusion criteria. The selected teeth were divided randomly into two groups based on irrigation solution used, that was, Group I (1% NaOCl) and Group II (MCJ)...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928538/evaluation-of-unexplored-pomegranate-cultivars-for-physicochemical-characteristics-and-antioxidant-activity
#6
Abdul Hasib Viyar, Rashad Qadri, Amjad Iqbal, Numra Nisar, Imran Khan, Mohsin Bashir, Farooq Shah
The aim of present study was to evaluate the different pomegranate cultivars for physicochemical properties and to identify the best cultivars suitable for food processing and future breeding. Various attributes of fruit (including length, weight and diameter), rind (thickness and weight), calyx (length), aril (weight, percentage, length and width), seed (length and width) and juice (titratable acidity and soluble solids or TSS) were evaluated. Total and reducing sugar, pH, ascorbic acid, total phenolic contents, antioxidant activity and maturity index were also evaluated...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928511/color-bioactive-compounds-and-morphological-characteristics-of-encapsulated-asian-pear-juice-powder-during-spray-drying
#7
Chang-Gon Lee, Maruf Ahmed, Gui-Hun Jiang, Jong-Bang Eun
Encapsulated Asian pear juice powder was produced through spray drying using three maltodextrin levels (15, 20, and 25% w/v) and three inlet air temperatures (130, 150, and 170 °C). The impact of maltodextrin concentrations and inlet air temperatures on color, bioactive compounds, and morphological characteristics of encapsulated Asian pear juice powder were investigated. Maltodextrin concentrations and inlet air temperatures significantly influenced L(*) and b(*) values of encapsulated Asian pear juice powder...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927270/proteomic-analysis-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-pbmc-after-a-high-fat-high-carbohydrate-meal-with-orange-juice
#8
Daniela F Seixas Chaves, Paulo C Carvalho, Elisa Brasili, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Neuza Mariko Aymoto Hassimotto, Jolene K Diedrich, James J Moresco, John R Yates, Franco Maria Lajolo
Oxidative stress and inflammation play a role in the physiopathology of insulin resistance, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A single high-fat, high-carbohydrate (HFHC) meal induces an increase in inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Previous studies have shown that orange juice is able to prevent this response by inhibiting toll like receptors (TLR) expression and endotoxemia. Our goal was to study the proteome response in PBMC after the consumption of a HFHC meal consumed with water, orange juice or an isocaloric beverage (water with glucose)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923717/production-of-d-tagatose-and-bioethanol-from-onion-waste-by-an-intergrating-bioprocess
#9
Ho Myeong Kim, Younho Song, Seung Gon Wi, Hyeun-Jong Bae
The rapid increase of agricultural waste is becoming a burgeoning problem and considerable efforts are being made by numerous researchers to convert it into a high-value resource material. Onion waste is one of the biggest issues in a world of dwindling resource. In this study, the potential of onion juice residue (OJR) for producing valuable rare sugar or bioethanol was evaluated. Purified Paenibacillus polymyxaL-arabinose isomerase (PPAI) has a molecular weight of approximately 53kDa, and exhibits maximal activity at 30°C and pH 7...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923167/cyclic-bouts-of-extreme-bradycardia-counteract-the-high-metabolism-of-frugivorous-bats
#10
M Teague O'Mara, Martin Wikelski, Christian C Voigt, Andries Ter Maat, Henry S Pollock, Gary Burness, Lanna M Desantis, Dina Kn Dechmann
Active flight requires the ability to efficiently fuel bursts of costly locomotion while maximizing energy conservation during non-flying times. We took a multi-faceted approach to estimate how fruit-eating bats (Uroderma bilobatum) manage a high-energy lifestyle fueled primarily by fig juice. Miniaturized heart rate telemetry shows that they use a novel, cyclic, bradycardic state that reduces daily energetic expenditure by 10% and counteracts heart rates as high as 900 bpm during flight. Uroderma bilobatum support flight with some of the fastest metabolic incorporation rates and dynamic circulating cortisol in vertebrates...
September 19, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922915/influence-of-fermentation-temperature-yeast-strain-and-grape-juice-on-the-aroma-chemistry-and-sensory-profile-of-sauvignon-blanc-wines
#11
Rebecca Christina Deed, Bruno Fedrizzi, Richard C Gardner
Sauvignon blanc wine, balanced by herbaceous and tropical aromas, is fermented at low temperatures (10-15 °C). Anecdotal accounts from winemakers suggest that cold ferments produce and retain more 'fruity' aroma compounds; nonetheless, studies have not confirmed why low temperatures are optimal for Sauvignon blanc. Thirty-two aroma compounds were quantitated from two Marlborough Sauvignon blanc juices fermented at 12.5 °C and 25 °C, using Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains EC1118, L-1528, M2 and X5. Fourteen compounds were responsible for driving differences in aroma chemistry...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#12
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920774/kinetics-of-diuron-under-aerobic-condition-and-residue-analysis-in-sugarcane-under-subtropical-field-conditions
#13
Shishir Tandon, Ravi Pant
Phenylureas group are persistent herbicides compared to other groups. However, their dissipation in different ecosystem should be investigated as they are major pollutant to soil and water. Dissipation kinetics of diuron at two application rates, in texturally different soils under sugarcane field conditions was investigated. Diuron was extracted from the soil with acetone and florisil SPE cleanup and extracted diuron was characterized by HPLC-UV. Diuron dissipated slowly in soils and persisted for more than 100 days...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920164/purification-and-characterization-of-a-naringinase-from-cryptococcus-albidus
#14
Nataliya Borzova, Olena Gudzenko, Lyudmila Varbanets
Naringinase which was extracted from the fermented broth of Cryptococcus albidus was purified about 42-folds with yield 0.7% by sulfate fractionation and chromatography on Toyopearl HW-60, Fractogel DEAE-650-s, and Sepharose 6B columns. Molecular weight of protein determined by gel filtration and SDS-PAGE was 50 kDa. Naringinase of C. albidus includes high content of the dicarbonic and hydrophobic amino acids. Enzyme contains also carbohydrate component, represented by mannose, galactose, rhamnose, ribose, arabinose, xylose, and glucose...
September 18, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918609/associations-among-gastric-juice-ph-atrophic-gastritis-intestinal-metaplasia-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#15
Jihee Sung, Nayoung Kim, Jongchan Lee, Young-Jae Hwang, Hyoung Woo Kim, Jung Wha Chung, Jin-Wook Kim, Dong Ho Lee
Background/Aims: Gastric juice plays a crucial role in the physiology of the stomach. The aim of this study is to evaluate associations among the pH of gastric juice, atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), pepsinogen, and Helicobacter pylori infection. Methods: Gastric biopsies and juice were collected from 46 subjects who underwent endoscopies at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between November 2011 and March 2013. H. pylori, AG and IM were evaluated, and pepsinogen I or II, I/II ratio and interleukin (IL)-1β levels were measured...
September 19, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918230/biosensing-methods-for-determination-of-triglycerides-a-review
#16
REVIEW
C S Pundir, Vinay Narwal
Triglycerides (TGs) are the major transporters of dietary fats throughout the bloodstream. Besides transporting fat, TGs also act as stored fat in adipose tissue, which is utilized during insufficient carbohydrates supply. TG level is below 150mg/dL in healthy persons. Elevated TGs level in blood over 500mg/dL is a biomarker for cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer disease, pancreatitis and diabetes. Numerous methods are accessible for recognition of TGs, among them, most are cumbersome, time-consuming, require sample pre-treatment, high cost instrumental set-up and experienced personnel to operate...
September 9, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918160/shopping-for-food-with-children-a-strategy-for-directing-their-choices-toward-novel-foods-containing-vegetables
#17
Xavier Allirot, Edurne Maiz, Elena Urdaneta
Involving children in the different steps of meal preparation has been suggested as a strategy for enhancing dietary habits in childhood. It has previously been shown that involving children in cooking can increase their willingness to taste novel foods and direct their food choices towards foods containing vegetables. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of involving children in food purchasing on food choices, intake, liking and appetite. A between-subject experiment was conducted with 86 children (from 8 to 10 years old)...
September 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917907/microencapsulation-of-eugenia-uniflora-l-juice-by-spray-drying-using-fructans-with-different-degrees-of-polymerisation
#18
R I Ortiz-Basurto, M E Rubio-Ibarra, J A Ragazzo-Sanchez, C I Beristain, M Jiménez-Fernández
The objective of this work was to microencapsulate pitanga (Eugenia uniflora L.) juice by spray drying, using High Performance Agave Fructans (HPAF) and High Degree of Polymerisation Agave Fructans (HDPAF) and maltodextrin (MD), respectively, as the wall materials. The physicochemical and antioxidant properties of the capsules during storage at various temperatures were evaluated. The microparticles developed using fructans HPAF and HDPAF, exhibited similar physicochemical and flow properties to those presented by the microparticles prepared with MD...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917791/development-of-salt-and-ph-induced-solidified-floating-organic-droplets-homogeneous-liquid-liquid-microextraction-for-extraction-of-ten-pyrethroid-insecticides-in-fresh-fruits-and-fruit-juices-followed-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#19
Mohammadali Torbati, Mir Ali Farajzadeh, Mostafa Torbati, Ali Akbar Alizadeh Nabil, Ali Mohebbi, Mohammad Reza Afshar Mogaddam
A new microextraction method named salt and pH-induced homogeneous liquid-liquid microextraction has been developed in a home-made extraction device for the extraction and preconcentration of some pyrethroid insecticides from different fruit juice samples prior to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In the present work, an extraction device made from two parallel glass tubes with different lengths and diameters was used in the microextraction procedure. In this method, a homogeneous solution of a sample solution and an extraction solvent (pivalic acid) was broken by performing an acid-base reaction and the extraction solvent was produced in whole of the solution...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917374/short-term-effect-of-add-on-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-var-grossum-juice-with-integrated-approach-of-yoga-therapy-on-blood-glucose-levels-and-cardiovascular-functions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Padakandla Nagasukeerthi, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major global health problem. Though various studies have reported the beneficial effect of Yoga in patient with T2DM, there is a lack of study in combination with bell pepper and yoga. Hence, the present study aims at evaluating short-term effect of add on bell pepper juice with integrated approach of yoga therapy (IAYT) on blood glucose levels and cardiovascular variables in patients with T2DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty T2DM subjects with the age varied from 34 to 69-years were recruited and randomly divided into either study group or control group...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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