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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937886/effectiveness-of-biology-based-methods-for-inhibiting-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#1
M Cadenas de Llano-Pérula, R M Yañez-Vico, E Solano-Reina, J C Palma-Fernandez, A Iglesias-Linares
INTRODUCTION: Several experimental studies in the literature have tested different biology-based methods for inhibiting or decreasing orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in humans. This systematic review investigated the effects of these interventions on the rate of tooth movement. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic [MedLine; SCOPUS; Cochrane Library; OpenGrey;Web of Science] and manual searches were conducted up to January 26th, 2016 in order to identify publications of clinical trials that compared the decreasing or inhibiting effects of different biology-based methods over OTM in humans...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935484/effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-and-platelet-concentrate-on-bone-repair-histological-histomorphometric-immunohistochemical-and-radiographic-study
#2
Thiago Hoffman Jonasson, Rafael Zancan, Lucas de Oliveira Azevedo, Ana Claudia Fonseca, Marcela Claudino da Silva, Allan Fernando Giovanini, João Cesar Zielak, Melissa Rodrigues de Araujo
PURPOSE: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) can increase bone metabolism, cell proliferation, and maturation, and reduce inflammation, while platelet concentrate (PC) assists bone healing process by releasing proteins and growth factors. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of combined LLLT and PC therapy in the healing of critical-size bone defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Calvarial critical-size defects 5 mm in diameter were made in 48 Wistar rats. Bones were removed, milled, and used as autogenous bone grafts...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934376/managing-menopausal-symptoms-and-associated-clinical-issues-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Richard J Santen, Cynthia A Stuenkel, Susan R Davis, JoAnn V Pinkerton, Anne Gompel, Mary Ann Lumsden
Objective: Review evidence to guide the management of menopausal signs and symptoms in women after breast cancer and make recommendations accordingly. Evidence: Randomized controlled clinical trials, observational studies, evidence- based guidelines, and expert opinion from professional societies. Background: Several symptoms and clinical problems associated with estrogen depletion -sleep disorders, vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA), vasomotor symptoms (VMS), mood changes, depressive symptoms, cardiovascular disease, osteopenia and osteoporosis- confront the estimated 9...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931981/immunomodulatory-effects-of-two-different-physical-therapy-modalities-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Sherin Hassan M Mehani
[Purpose] Counteracting the systemic cytokine release and its inflammatory effects by improving respiratory muscle strength and controlling lung inflammation may be important for improving immune system in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, So the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of low level laser therapy and inspiratory muscle training on interleukin-6 (IL-6) as a marker of inflammation and CD4+/CD8+ ratio as a marker for T Lymphocytes in these patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty male patients with stable COPD participated in the study, their ages ranged between 55-65 years...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926186/levels-of-beta-trace-protein-in-optic-disc-pit-with-macular-detachment
#5
Karim Makdoumi, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Sven Crafoord
BACKGROUND: To report beta-trace protein (βTP) levels in the subretinal fluid (SRF) of four patients with a macular detachment associated with optic disc pit (ODP). METHODS: Four patients with a serous retinal detachment involving the macula was operated by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with C2 F6 gas tamponade and peeling of internal limiting membrane (ILM). Patients with a follow-up period exceeding one year postoperatively were included in the study. The SRF was drained using a fine cannula without laser photocoagulation, and the samples were analysed using particle-enhancing nephelometry...
September 19, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925263/partially-reversible-photo-induced-chemical-changes-in-a-mixed-ion-perovskite-material-for-solar-cells
#6
Ute B Cappel, Sebastian Svanström, Valeria Lanzilotto, Fredrik Oskar Lars Johansson, Kerttu Aitola, Bertrand Philippe, Erika Giangrisostomi, Ruslan Ovsyannikov, Torsten Leitner, Alexander Foehlisch, Svante Svensson, Nils Mårtensson, Gerrit Boschloo, Andreas Lindblad, Håkan Rensmo
Metal halide perovskites have emerged as materials of high interest for solar energy to electricity conversion and in particular the use of mixed ion structures has led to high power conversion efficiencies and improved stability. For this reason, it is important develop means to obtain atomic level understanding of the photo-induced behaviour of these materials including processes such as photo-induced phase separation and ion migration. In this paper, we implement a new methodology combining visible laser illumination of a mixed-ion perovskite ((FAPbI3)0...
September 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917435/measurement-of-micronuclei-and-internal-dose-in-mice-demonstrates-that-3-monochloropropane-1-2-diol-3-mcpd-has-no-genotoxic-potency-in-vivo
#7
Jenny Aasa, Margareta Törnqvist, Lilianne Abramsson-Zetterberg
In this study 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD), a compound that appears as contaminant in refined cooking oils, has been studied with regard to genotoxicity in vivo (mice) with simultaneous measurement of internal dose using state-of-the-art methodologies. Genotoxicity (chromosomal aberrations) was measured by flow cytometry with dual lasers as the frequency of micronuclei in erythrocytes in peripheral blood from BalbC mice intraperitoneally exposed to 3-MCPD (0, 50, 75, 100, 125 mg/kg). The internal doses of 3-MCPD in the mice were calculated from N-(2,3-dihydroxypropyl)-valine adducts to hemoglobin (Hb), quantified at very low levels by high-resolution mass spectrometry...
September 13, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916849/1000-consecutive-cases-of-laser-assisted-liposuction-utilizing-the-1440%C3%A2-nm-wavelength-nd-yag-laser-assessing-the-safety-and-efficacy
#8
Christopher T Chia, Mark G Albert, Sharon Del Vecchio, Spero J Theodorou
BACKGROUND: Liposuction remains one of the most popular aesthetic surgery procedures performed today, and it has undergone continuous refinements over the past four decades. Advancements in anesthesia, improvements in instrumentation, better understanding of fluid dynamics and the addition of energy to liposuction have led to better outcomes with improved safety and efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to review 1000 consecutive laser-assisted liposuction (LAL) cases utilizing the 1440 nm wavelength...
September 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914897/dual-frequency-doppler-lidar-for-wind-detection-with-a-superconducting-nanowire-single-photon-detector
#9
Mingjia Shangguan, Haiyun Xia, Chong Wang, Jiawei Qiu, Shengfu Lin, Xiankang Dou, Qiang Zhang, Jian-Wei Pan
A dual-frequency direct detection Doppler lidar is demonstrated using a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) at 1.5 μm. The so-called double-edge technique is implemented by using a dual-frequency laser pulse, rather than using a double-channel Fabry-Perot interferometer. Such a modification to the reported lidars enhances the frequency stability in the system level. Using the time-division multiplexing method, only one piece of SNSPD is used in the optical receiver, making the system simplified and robust...
September 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912943/assessment-of-low-level-laser-therapy-effects-after-extraction-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#10
Shahrokh Raiesian, Mehdi Khani, Kazem Khiabani, Ershad Hemmati, Mohammad Pouretezad
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain, swelling and maximum mouth opening in patients undergoing third molar surgery. Methods: A prospective, randomized double-blind study was undertaken on 44 patients at the Dental School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, in 2015. A low-level laser was randomly applied on one of the two sides after surgery of 15 patients. The experimental side received 18 J/cm(2) of energy density, wavelength of 980 nm, and output power of 1...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912848/changes-in-the-anterior-cornea-during-the-early-stages-of-severe-myopia-prior-to-and-following-lasik-as-detected-by-confocal-microscopy
#11
Jinrong Zhao, Jinguo Yu, Liu Υang, Yang Liu, Shaozhen Zhao
The present study aimed to assess the microscopic changes of the epithelium and Bowman's layer under confocal microscopy during the early stages of severe myopia following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). The study comprised 54 patients (54 eyes) with severe myopia and 65 patients (65 eyes) with low and moderate myopia, who underwent LASIK surgery at Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital (Tianjin, China). In all patients, the epithelium, Bowman's layer and anterior stroma were examined prior to and 1, 7, 30, 90 and 180 days after the surgery, using in vivo confocal microscopy...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902036/clinical-and-histological-evaluations-of-enlarged-facial-skin-pores-after-low-energy-level-treatments-with-fractional-carbon-dioxide-laser-in-korean-patients
#12
Hyuck Hoon Kwon, Sun Chul Choi, Won-Yong Lee, Jae Yoon Jung, Gyeong-Hun Park
BACKGROUND: Enlarged facial pores can be an early manifestation of skin aging and they are a common aesthetic concern for Asians. However, studies of improving the appearance of enlarged pores have been limited. OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to study the application of CO2 fractional laser treatment in patients with enlarged facial pores. METHODS: A total of 32 patients with dilated facial pores completed 3 consecutive sessions of low energy level treatments with a fractional CO2 laser at 4-week intervals...
September 4, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894946/an-international-survey-on-non-invasive-techniques-to-assess-the-microcirculation-in-patients-with-raynaud-s-phenomenon-sunshine-survey
#13
Francesca Ingegnoli, Nicola Ughi, Graham Dinsdale, Annalisa Orenti, Patrizia Boracchi, Yannick Allanore, Ivan Foeldvari, Alberto Sulli, Maurizio Cutolo, Vanessa Smith, Ariane L Herrick
To canvas opinion concerning the role of non-invasive techniques in the assessment of patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (Rp) in clinical and research settings: four nailfold capillaroscopy methods [videocapillaroscopy (NVC), dermoscopy, stereomicroscopy, digital USB microscopy], four laser Doppler methods (laser Doppler flowmetry, imaging, anemometry/velocimetry, laser speckle contrast analysis), thermographic imaging, and upper limb arterial Doppler ultrasound. Emails with a link to the survey were sent to physicians from the European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR), the EULAR Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases (SG_MC/RD) and members of the pediatric rheumatology Email board...
September 11, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893315/heterogeneous-drug-penetrance-of-veliparib-and-carboplatin-measured-in-triple-negative-breast-tumors
#14
Imke H Bartelink, Brendan Prideaux, Gregor Krings, Lisa Wilmes, Pei Rong Evelyn Lee, Pan Bo, Byron Hann, Jean-Philippe Coppé, Diane Heditsian, Lamorna Swigart-Brown, Ella F Jones, Sergey Magnitsky, Ron J Keizer, Niels de Vries, Hilde Rosing, Nela Pawlowska, Scott Thomas, Mallika Dhawan, Rahul Aggarwal, Pamela N Munster, Laura J Esserman, Weiming Ruan, Alan H B Wu, Douglas Yee, Véronique Dartois, Radojka M Savic, Denise M Wolf, Laura van 't Veer
BACKGROUND: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi), coupled to a DNA damaging agent is a promising approach to treating triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, not all patients respond; we hypothesize that non-response in some patients may be due to insufficient drug penetration. As a first step to testing this hypothesis, we quantified and visualized veliparib and carboplatin penetration in mouse xenograft TNBCs and patient blood samples. METHODS: MDA-MB-231, HCC70 or MDA-MB-436 human TNBC cells were implanted in 41 beige SCID mice...
September 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877277/treatment-of-experimental-periodontal-disease-by-laser-therapy-in-simvastatin-modified-rats
#15
Andressa Araújo Swerts, Bianca Fernanda Espósito Santos, Simone Ribeiro Bruzadelli, Maísa Ribeiro Pereira Lima Brigagão, Daniela Coelho de Lima, Leandro Araújo Fernandes
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjuvant treatment for scaling and root planing (SRP) for the treatment of induced periodontitis in simvastatin-modified rats. Material and Methods: A total of 180 rats were evenly divided into two groups: Veh - receiving oral administration of polyethylene glycol (vehicle); S - receiving oral administration of Simvastatin. Periodontal disease was induced in both groups at the first mandibular molar...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874699/metal-concentrations-and-distributions-in-the-human-olfactory-bulb-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Bronwen Gardner, Birger V Dieriks, Steve Cameron, Lakshini H S Mendis, Clinton Turner, Richard L M Faull, Maurice A Curtis
In Parkinson's disease (PD), the olfactory bulb is typically the first region in the body to accumulate alpha-synuclein aggregates. This pathology is linked to decreased olfactory ability, which becomes apparent before any motor symptoms occur, and may be due to a local metal imbalance. Metal concentrations were investigated in post-mortem olfactory bulbs and tracts from 17 human subjects. Iron (p < 0.05) and sodium (p < 0.01) concentrations were elevated in the PD olfactory bulb. Combining laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and immunohistochemistry, iron and copper were evident at very low levels in regions of alpha-synuclein aggregation...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871936/xanthoma-like-skin-changes-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-normal-lipid-profile
#17
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866114/traditional-approaches-versus-mass-spectrometry-in-bacterial-identification-and-typing
#18
REVIEW
Angela Sloan, Gehua Wang, Keding Cheng
Biochemical methods such as metabolite testing and serotyping are traditionally used in clinical microbiology laboratories to identify and categorize microorganisms. Due to the large variety of bacteria, identifying representative metabolites is tedious, while raising high-quality antisera or antibodies unique to specific biomarkers used in serotyping is very challenging, sometimes even impossible. Although serotyping is a certified approach for differentiating bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella at the subspecies level, the method is tedious, laborious, and not practical during an infectious disease outbreak...
October 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865823/insufficient-evidence-supports-the-use-of-low-level-laser-therapy-to-accelerate-tooth-movement-prevent-orthodontic-relapse-and-modulate-acute-pain-during-orthodontic-treatment
#19
Adrian Farsaii, Thikriat Al-Jewair
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in accelerating tooth movement, preventing relapse and managing acute pain during orthodontic treatment in humans: A systematic review. Sonesson M, De Geer E, Subraian J, Petrén S. BMC Oral Health 2017;17:11. SOURCE OF FUNDING: No funding was obtained for this study TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review.
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865223/improvement-of-dairy-cow-embryo-yield-with-low-level-laser-irradiation
#20
G Palubinskas, V Žilaitis, R Antanaitis
The goal of this study is to estimate the effects of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on the superovulatory response according to the number of corpora lutea (CL), follicles (F) and the embryo yield. In recent years, while searching for new, more efficient and organic methods to improve superovulatory response and embryo yield with respect to the conventional methods, low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) is a more sensitive and less costly technology that can be used to improve animal reproduction, namely, artificial insemination and the embryo production system...
March 1, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
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