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Physician assisted suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767212/commentary-on-at-the-vatican-physicians-debate-euthanasia-and-assisted-suicide
#1
G Richard Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767211/at-the-vatican-physicians-debate-euthanasia-and-assisted-suicide
#2
Ramin Walter Parsa-Parsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754123/psychiatry-trainees-attitudes-towards-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#3
M-I Kontaxaki, K Paplos, M Dasopoulou, V Kontaxakis
We investigated the attitudes towards Euthanasia (EUT) and Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS) in a sample of Greek Psychiatry trainees (PT), (n=120, mean age 32.01±0.21, male 60.0%) and compared these to those of medical trainees of other specialties (OMT), i.e. internal medicine, surgery, intensive care (n=154, mean age 32.97±1.17, male 57.1%). Most of the responders were for the acceptance of EUT and PAS under some circumstances. More often PT answer "never" in the question regarding the permission to withdraw life-sustaining medical treatment to hasten death, if that requested by a terminally ill patient (p<0...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743764/definition-of-terms-used-in-limitation-of-treatment-and-providing-palliative-care-at-the-end-of-life-the-indian-council-of-medical-research-commission-report
#4
Naveen Salins, Roop Gursahani, Roli Mathur, Shivakumar Iyer, Stanley Macaden, Nagesh Simha, Raj Kumar Mani, M R Rajagopal
Background: Indian hospitals, in general, lack policies on the limitation of inappropriate life-sustaining interventions at the end of life. To facilitate discussion, preparation of guidelines and framing of laws, terminologies relating to the treatment limitation, and providing palliative care at the end-of-life care (EOLC) need to be defined and brought up to date. Methodology: This consensus document on terminologies and definitions of terminologies was prepared under the aegis of the Indian Council of Medical Research...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722005/physician-assisted-suicide-why-neutrality-by-organized-medicine-is-neither-neutral-nor-appropriate
#5
Daniel P Sulmasy, Ilora Finlay, Faith Fitzgerald, Kathleen Foley, Richard Payne, Mark Siegler
It has been proposed that medical organizations adopt neutrality with respect to physician-assisted suicide (PAS), given that the practice is legal in some jurisdictions and that membership is divided. We review developments in end-of-life care and the role of medical organizations with respect to the legalization of PAS since the 1990s. We argue that moving from opposition to neutrality is not ethically neutral, but a substantive shift from prohibited to optional. We argue that medical organizations already oppose many practices that are legal in many jurisdictions, and that unanimity among membership has not been required for any other clinical or ethical policy positions...
May 2, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719381/suicide-in-older-adults-current-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Ismael Conejero, Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet, Raffaella Calati
Suicidal behavior in older adults (65 years old and over) is a major public health issue in many countries. Suicide rates increase during the life course and are as high as 48.7/100,000 among older white men in the USA. Specific health conditions and stress factors increase the complexity of the explanatory model for suicide in older adults. A PubMed literature search was performed to identify most recent and representative studies on suicide risk factors in older adults. The aim of our narrative review was to provide a critical evaluation of recent findings concerning specific risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors among older people: psychiatric and neurocognitive disorders, social exclusion, bereavement, cognitive impairment, decision making and cognitive inhibition, physical illnesses, and physical and psychological pain...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713302/alleviation-of-psychological-distress-and-the-improvement-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-adaptation-of-a-short-term-psychotherapeutic-intervention
#7
Moritz Caspar Franz Oberstadt, Peter Esser, Joseph Classen, Anja Mehnert
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that is inevitably fatal. To be diagnosed with a terminal illness such as ALS deeply affects one's personal existence and goes along with significant changes regarding the physical, emotional, and social domains of the patients' life. ALS patients have to face a rapidly debilitating physical decline which restrains mobility and impairs all activities of daily living. This progressive loss of autonomy may lead to a sense of hopelessness and loss of quality of life, which in turn may even result in thoughts about physician-assisted suicide...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710260/the-slippery-slope-of-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide
#8
William G Kussmaul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710259/the-slippery-slope-of-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide
#9
Gary Schiller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710258/the-slippery-slope-of-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide
#10
John K Weiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673342/medical-end-of-life-practices-in-swiss-cultural-regions-a-death-certificate-study
#11
Samia A Hurst, Ueli Zellweger, Georg Bosshard, Matthias Bopp
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decisions remain controversial. Switzerland, with three main languages shared with surrounding countries and legal suicide assistance, allows exploration of the effects of cultural differences on end-of-life practices within the same legal framework. METHODS: We conducted a death certificate study on a nationwide continuous random sample of Swiss residents. Using an internationally standardized tool, we sent 4998, 2965, and 1000 anonymous questionnaires to certifying physicians in the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions...
April 20, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593337/end-of-life-decision-making-across-cancer-types-results-from-a-nationwide-retrospective-survey-among-treating-physicians
#12
Mariëtte N Verkissen, Dirk Houttekier, Joachim Cohen, Rik Schots, Kenneth Chambaere, Luc Deliens
BACKGROUND: The treatment of advanced cancer often involves potentially life-shortening end-of-life decisions (ELDs). This study aimed to examine the prevalence and characteristics of ELDs in different cancer types. METHODS: A nationwide death certificate study was conducted based on a large random sample of all deaths in Flanders, Belgium, between 1 January and 30 June 2013. All cancer deaths were selected (n = 2392). Attending physicians were sent a questionnaire about ELDs and the preceding decision-making process...
March 29, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558003/physician-assisted-dying-thoughts-drawn-from-albert-camus-writing
#13
Claudia Bozzaro
Physician-assisted dying (assisted suicide and euthanasia) is currently an intensely discussed topic in several countries. Despite differences in legislation and application, countries with end-of-life laws have similar eligibility criteria for assistance in dying: individuals must be in a hopeless situation and experience unbearable suffering. Hopelessness, as a basic aspect of the human condition, is a central topic in Albert Camus' philosophical work The Myth of Sisyphus, which addresses the question of suicide...
March 20, 2018: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519256/-discuss-the-relationship-between-physicians-and-pharmacists-in-the-context-of-euthanasia
#14
M A J M Buijsen
Physicians are regularly confronted with pharmacists who refuse to provide euthanasia drugs. They do not always understand that the provision of euthanasia drugs is not a normal professional activity for pharmacists. It is a lot less clear that pharmacists are also allowed to have fundamental objections. In addition, professional standards lack clarity for pharmacists who do not have such objections to the provision of euthanasia drugs. The relationship between physicians and pharmacists in the context of euthanasia presents problems overlooked by researchers of the third evaluation of the Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide (review procedures) Act (WTL)...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514019/physician-assisted-suicide-and-psychiatric-illness
#15
Joris Vandenberghe
The large majority of suicides result from the psychopathological skewing of thoughts and emotions. Physicians have a duty to do whatever they can to prevent these suicides. However, in exceptional cases, suicide might be considered a rational choice of a competent person. "Rational suicidality," I..
March 8, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506512/euthanasia-and-assisted-suicide-for-people-with-an-intellectual-disability-and-or-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-examination-of-nine-relevant-euthanasia-cases-in-the-netherlands-2012-2016
#16
Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Leopold Curfs, Ilora Finlay, Sheila Hollins
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS) have been legally possible in the Netherlands since 2001, provided that statutory due care criteria are met, including: (a) voluntary and well-considered request; (b) unbearable suffering without prospect of improvement; (c) informing the patient; (d) lack of a reasonable alternative; (e) independent second physician's opinion. 'Unbearable suffering' must have a medical basis, either somatic or psychiatric, but there is no requirement of limited life expectancy...
March 5, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502099/advance-euthanasia-directives-a-controversial-case-and-its-ethical-implications
#17
David Gibbes Miller, Rebecca Dresser, Scott Y H Kim
Authorising euthanasia and assisted suicide with advance euthanasia directives (AEDs) is permitted, yet debated, in the Netherlands. We focus on a recent controversial case in which a Dutch woman with Alzheimer's disease was euthanised based on her AED. A Dutch euthanasia review committee found that the physician performing the euthanasia failed to follow due care requirements for euthanasia and assisted suicide. This case is notable because it is the first case to trigger a criminal investigation since the 2002 Dutch euthanasia law was enacted...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494791/physician-assisted-suicide-and-midwest-social-workers-where-do-they-stand
#18
N Rose Gaston, Jill M Randall, Lisa R Kiesel
Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) is explicitly legal in five states and by court decision in one. Legislative bills have been introduced in other states including Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin. This quantitative study was designed to understand Midwest, hospice and palliative care at end-of-life social workers' attitudes toward PAS, preferred terminology, perception of preparedness for the implementation, and awareness of PAS legislation in their state. Sixty-two social workers from Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin completed an anonymous online survey...
January 2018: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477987/declarations-of-conflict-of-interest-are-still-inadequate
#19
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444208/death-on-demand-an-analysis-of-physician-administered-euthanasia-in-the-netherlands
#20
Robert Preston
Background: Physician-administered euthanasia (PAE) was legalized, along with physician-assisted suicide (PAS), in The Netherlands in 2001. Sources of data: Annual reports of the Dutch Regional Euthanasia Review Committees, the committees' 2015 published Code of Practice and research studies. Areas of agreement: There is a general openness about the practice of PAE/PAS in The Netherlands and an avoidance of misleading euphemisms. The 2001 law also includes arrangements for post-event review of PAE/PAS decisions...
March 1, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
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