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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811786/examining-the-postural-awareness-and-flexibility-changes-in-physical-therapy-students-who-took-clinical-pilates-class
#1
Esra Atilgan, Devrim Tarakci, Fatma Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postural awareness and changes in posture and flexibility of students who took Clinical Pilates class as an elective course at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The study conducted from 2013-2016 included 98 students who took Clinical Pilates class at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey. The flexibility levels of the study participants were measured before and after the Clinical Pilates education using finger-to-floor test and modified Schober's test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810991/posterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-associated-with-military-survival-swim-training
#2
Michael S Crowell, John S Mason, Matthew A Posner, Chad A Haley
OBJECTIVES: Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are relatively common injuries associated with athletic activities and high-energy trauma. Posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries frequently accompany injury to the PCL. Diagnosis can be challenging and requires a comprehensive history and physical examination. Patients frequently report vague, nonspecific symptoms and the mechanism of injury is often useful in localizing injured structures. Two of the more common mechanisms for PCL injury include a direct blow to the proximal anterior tibia with the knee flexed, as well as a significant knee hyperextension injury...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807693/safety-and-feasibility-of-rehabilitation-interventions-in-children-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-with-thrombocytopenia
#3
Katarzyna Ibanez, Noel Espiritu, Regine L Souverain, Laura Stimler, Lauren Ward, Elyn R Riedel, Rachel Lehrman, Farid Boulad, Michael Dean Stubblefield
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between platelet counts, the intensities of physical therapies (PT) and occupational therapies (OT) services received, and the frequency of bleeding complications in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT) during a period of severe thrombocytopenia. DESIGN: Retrospective review study SETTING: Tertiary care hospital PARTICIPANTS: Children (age <18) hospitalized for HSCT in 2010 and 2011 who received PT and OT services while markedly thrombocytopenic (platelets≤50K/mcL)...
August 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807359/physical-therapy-for-fecal-incontinence-in-children-with-pelvic-floor-dyssynergia
#4
Swathi Muddasani, Amanda Moe, Caitlin Semmelrock, Caroyl Luan Gilbert, Valentine Enemuo, Eric Howard Chiou, Bruno Pedro Chumpitazi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of physical therapy (PT) for fecal incontinence in children with pelvic floor dyssynergia (PFD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of children with PFD completing >1 PT session for fecal incontinence at a quaternary children's hospital. The frequency of fecal incontinence (primary outcome), constipation-related medication use, number of bowel movements (in those with <3 per week at baseline) and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function were captured at baseline and at the final PT visit...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807214/early-geriatric-consultation-increases-adherence-to-tqip-geriatric-trauma-management-guidelines
#5
Lauren T Southerland, Tanya R Gure, Daniel I Ruter, Michael M Li, David C Evans
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons' Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) Geriatric Trauma Management Guidelines recommend geriatric consultation for injured older adults. However it is not known how or whether geriatric consultation improves compliance to these quality measures. METHODS: This study is a retrospective chart review of our institutional trauma databank. Adherence to quality measures was compared before and after implementation of specific triggers for geriatric consultation...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807140/acute-psychological-trauma-in-the-critically-ill-patient-and-family-perspectives
#6
Volha Dziadzko, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Margaret M Johnson, Ognjen Gajic, Lioudmila V Karnatovskaia
OBJECTIVE: Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which encompasses profound psychological morbidity, affects many survivors of critical illness. We hypothesize that acute psychological stress during the intensive care unit (ICU) confinement likely contributes to PICS. In order to develop strategies that mitigate PICS associated psychological morbidity, it is paramount to first characterize acute ICU psychological stress and begin to understand its causative and protective factors. METHODS: A structured interview study was administered to adult critical illness survivors who received ≥48h of mechanical ventilation in medical and surgical ICUs of a tertiary care center, and their families...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806237/botulinum-toxin-use-in-rehabilitation-clinics-a-survey-to-highlight-differences-and-similarities
#7
Rajiv Singh
Spasticity is a complex condition and its management is multifaceted, involving physical therapies as well as interventions with botulinum toxin. There is currently no standard for best practice and also wide variation in spasticity service set-ups and the background of clinicians involved in treatment. This could potentially cause large differences in practice. The aim of this survey was to attempt to identify some of the common elements of service delivery as well as highlight any significant variations in service models...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805568/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-exercise-in-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Indu Subramanian
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy in nonmotor symptoms (NMS) for Parkinson disease (PD) is growing worldwide. Well-performed, systematic evidence-based research is largely lacking in this area and many studies include various forms of CAM with small patient numbers and a lack of standardization of the approaches studied. Taichi, Qigong, dance, yoga, mindfulness, acupuncture, and other CAM therapies are reviewed and there is some evidence for the following: Taichi in sleep and PDQ39; dance in cognition, apathy, and a mild trend to improved fatigue; yoga in PDQ39; and acupuncture in depression, PDQ39, and sleep...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804763/effects-of-chest-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-non-tuberculous-mycobacteria
#9
Ashwin Basavaraj, Leopoldo Segal, Jonathan Samuels, Jeremy Feintuch, Joshua Feintuch, Kevin Alter, Daniella Moffson, Adrienne Scott, Doreen Addrizzo-Harris, Mengling Liu, David Kamelhar
Antibiotic therapy against non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is prolonged and can be associated with toxicity. We sought to evaluate whether chest physical therapy (PT) was associated with clinical improvement in patients with NTM not receiving anti-mycobacterial pharmacotherapy. A retrospective review of 77 subjects that were followed from June 2006 to September 2014 was performed. Baseline time point was defined as the first positive sputum culture for NTM; symptoms, pulmonary function, and radiology reports were studied...
2017: International Journal of Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801425/non-pharmacological-self-management-for-people-living-with-migraine-or-tension-type-headache-a-systematic-review-including-analysis-of-intervention-components
#10
Katrin Probyn, Hannah Bowers, Dipesh Mistry, Fiona Caldwell, Martin Underwood, Shilpa Patel, Harbinder Kaur Sandhu, Manjit Matharu, Tamar Pincus
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of non-pharmacological self-management interventions against usual care, and to explore different components and delivery methods within those interventions PARTICIPANTS: People living with migraine and/or tension-type headache INTERVENTIONS: Non-pharmacological educational or psychological self-management interventions; excluding biofeedback and physical therapy.We assessed the overall effectiveness against usual care on headache frequency, pain intensity, mood, headache-related disability, quality of life and medication consumption in meta-analysis...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800569/surgery-for-refractory-coccygodynia-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment
#11
John P Kleimeyer, Kirkham B Wood, Greger Lønne, Tyler Herzog, Kevin Ju, Lisa Beyer, Christine Park
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes for patients with refractory coccygodynia treated with coccygectomy compared to a nonsurgical regimen of sitting aids, physical therapy, medications, and injections. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgical treatment of coccygodynia remains controversial. To date, there has only been one small comparative study of surgical versus nonsurgical treatment...
August 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799492/potentials-and-limits-of-physiotherapy-in-osteoarthritis
#12
Katrin Richter, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Gabnel Dischereit, Uwe Lange
In view of the already existing and the expected growing costs due to the pathological osteoarthritic joint alterations and the related consequences, preventive and conservative strategies which can avoid or delay osteoarthritic joint alterations are welcomed from a socio-economical perspective. Here, it should be mentioned that corresponding primary prevention measures should take place early by already educating children about a healthy diet and motivating them to regular physical exercise. In overt or symptomatic osteoarthritis a good joint function and reduction of disease-related pain as well as a delay in the progression of osteoarthritis should be the primary goals of non-surgical therapeutic approaches...
August 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793038/transplantation-of-human-immature-dental-pulp-stem-cell-in-dogs-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Matheus Levi Tajra Feitosa, Carlos Alberto Palmeira Sarmento, Renato Zonzini Bocabello, Patrícia Cristina Baleeiro Beltrão-Braga, Graciela Conceição Pignatari, Robson Fortes Giglio, Maria Angelica Miglino, Jéssica Rodrigues Orlandin, Carlos Eduardo Ambrósio
Purpose: To investigate the therapeutic potential of human immature dental pulp stem cells in the treatment of chronic spinal cord injury in dogs. Methods: Three dogs of different breeds with chronic SCI were presented as animal clinical cases. Human immature dental pulp stem cells were injected at three points into the spinal cord, and the animals were evaluated by limb function and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pre and post-operative. Results: There was significant improvement from the limb function evaluated by Olby Scale, though it was not supported by the imaging data provided by MRI and clinical sign and evaluation...
July 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792298/short-duration-high-intensity-bouts-of-physical-therapy-to-increase-self-efficacy-confidence-and-function-in-an-individual-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#14
Teresa Bisson, Craig J Newsam
High intensity and frequency of task-specific practice is required to produce functional change in individuals with neurologic conditions. Self-efficacy is an important predictor of engagement in physical activity in individuals with spinal cord injury. Combining these two rehabilitation concepts has the potential for lasting functional improvement. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) using a model of concentrated bouts of physical therapy with an emphasis on techniques to increase self-efficacy...
August 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790296/-clinical-practice-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program-for-esophagectomy
#15
Masato Nishida, Yasuyuki Seto
Enhanced recover after surgery(ERAS) program is multimodal strategies to reduce the incidence of postoperative morbidity and mortality, and encourage early functional recovery from surgical insult. It consists of physical therapy to facilitate postoperative early mobilization, nutritional support, introduction of minimal invasive surgery, restrictive fluid therapy and early resumption of oral intake. Esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is a highly invasive procedure with high incidence of postoperative morbidity and mortality...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783145/is-there-any-role-for-physical-therapy-in-chronic-gvhd
#16
J Mohammed, B N Savani, A El-Jawahri, J Vanderklish, A L Cheville, S K Hashmi
Chronic GvHD is the leading cause of non-relapse mortality in recipients of hematopoietic cell transplantation. Although the benefit of physical therapy (PT) has been reported in some GvHD studies, a literature gap is identified in demonstrating the exact role of different types of PT interventions and their impact on GvHD outcomes. An electronic search was undertaken using 13 peer-reviewed databases from 1994 to 2016. JADAD scoring method was used to score the quality of articles. PT interventions utilized for non-GvHD aspects of transplantation were excluded...
August 7, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779911/shared-decision-making-in-physical-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-on-physiotherapists-knowledge-attitudes-and-self-reported-use
#17
Janine Topp, Joachim Westenhöfer, Isabelle Scholl, Pola Hahlweg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed a) to investigate knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported use of shared decision-making (SDM) among physiotherapists in Germany, b) to explore their association with demographic characteristics, and c) to assess barriers to the implementation of SDM. METHODS: We assessed above mentioned domains using an online survey. Two-level logistic regression models were used to examine factors associated with knowledge, attitudes and self-reported use of SDM...
July 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777683/inclinometric-measurement-of-kyphotic-curvature-description-and-clinimetric-properties
#18
Laurie Devaney, Richard Bohannon, Jon Rizzo, Maryclaire Capetta, Jeremy Vigneault, Katherine Van Deveire
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis is associated with physical impairments, activity limitations, and reduced quality of life. Therefore, a simple, reliable, responsive, and valid clinical measure of dorsal kyphosis would be valuable to clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel procedure for measuring kyphotic curvature-the inclinometric kyphosis measure (IKM)-and provide an estimation of reliability, responsiveness, and validity. METHODS: During 2 sessions spaced days apart, we used a bubble inclinometer to measure dorsal kyphosis in 68 patients receiving outpatient physical therapy...
August 4, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#19
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771070/efficacy-of-tele-rehabilitation-compared-with-office-based-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Kamran Azma, Zahra RezaSoltani, Farid Rezaeimoghaddam, Afsaneh Dadarkhah, Sarasadat Mohsenolhosseini
Introduction Knee osteoarthritis is a major cause of disability among the middle to senior age groups. Despite being effective, office-based physical therapy (OBPT) needs professional human resources and is both costly and time-consuming. We aimed to compare the efficacy of tele-rehabilitation (tele-rehab) compared with OBPT in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods In this randomized clinical trial, patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee were assigned to participate in either a 6-week home-based tele-rehab or an OBPT program between 2015 and 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
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