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'Physiotherapy AND ICU'

Heleen van Aswegen, Shane Patman, Natascha Plani, Susan Hanekom
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapists are integral members of the intensive care unit (ICU) team. Clinicians working in ICU are dependent on their own experience when making decisions regarding individual patient management thus resulting in variation in clinical practice. No formalized clinical practice guidelines or standards exist for the educational profile or scope of practice requirements for ICU physiotherapy. This study explored perceptions of physiotherapists on minimum clinical standards that ICU physiotherapists should adhere to for delivering safe, effective physiotherapy services to critically ill patients...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Laveena Munshi, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Julian DeBacker, Ravi Doobay, Teagan Telesnicki, Vincent Lo, Nathalie Cote, Marcelo Cypel, Shaf Keshavjee, Niall D Ferguson, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: There are limited data on physiotherapy during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize physiotherapy delivered to patients with ARDS supported with ECMO, as well as to evaluate the association of this therapeutic modality with mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients with ARDS supported with ECMO at our institution between 2010 and 2015...
February 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Elizabeth H Skinner, Kimberley J Haines, Sue Berney, Stephen Warrillow, Meg Harrold, Linda Denehy
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists play an important role in the provision of multidisciplinary team-based care in the ICU. No studies have reported usual care respiratory management or usual care on the wards following ICU discharge by these providers. This study aimed to investigate usual care physiotherapy for ICU subjects during acute hospitalization. METHODS: One hundred subjects were recruited for an observational study from a tertiary Australian ICU. The frequency and type of documented physiotherapist assessment and treatment were extracted retrospectively from medical records...
October 2015: Respiratory Care
Meg E Harrold, Lisa G Salisbury, Steve A Webb, Garry T Allison
INTRODUCTION: Mobilisation of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) is an area of growing research. Currently, there is little data on baseline mobilisation practises and the barriers to them for patients of all admission diagnoses. METHODS: The objectives of the study were to (1) quantify and benchmark baseline levels of mobilisation in Australian and Scottish ICUs, (2) compare mobilisation practises between Australian and Scottish ICUs and (3) identify barriers to mobilisation in Australian and Scottish ICUs...
September 14, 2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
D Escudero, L Martín, L Viña, B Quindós, M J Espina, L Forcelledo, L López-Amor, B García-Arias, C del Busto, S de Cima, E Fernández-Rey
OBJECTIVE: To determine the design and comfort in the Intensive Care Units (ICUs), by analysing visiting hours, information, and family participation in patient care. DESIGN: Descriptive, multicentre study. SETTING: Spanish ICUs. METHODS: A questionnaire e-mailed to members of the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine, Critical and Coronary Units (SEMICYUC), subscribers of the Electronic Journal Intensive Care Medicine, and disseminated through the blog Proyecto HU-CI...
September 2015: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
Fernanda Callefe Moreira, Cassiano Teixeira, Augusto Savi, Rogério Xavier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in ventilatory mechanics and hemodynamics that occur in patients dependent on mechanical ventilation who are subjected to a standard respiratory therapy protocol. METHODS: This experimental and prospective study was performed in two intensive care units, in which patients dependent on mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours were consecutively enrolled and subjected to an established respiratory physiotherapy protocol. Ventilatory variables (dynamic lung compliance, respiratory system resistance, tidal volume, peak inspiratory pressure, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation) and hemodynamic variables (heart rate) were measured one hour before (T-1), immediately after (T0) and one hour after (T+1) applying the respiratory physiotherapy protocol...
April 2015: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Laura Jurema dos Santos, Fernando de Aguiar Lemos, Tanara Bianchi, Amanda Sachetti, Ana Maria Dall' Acqua, Wagner da Silva Naue, Alexandre Simões Dias, Silvia Regina Rios Vieira
BACKGROUND: Patients in Intensive Care Units (ICU) are often exposed to prolonged immobilization which, in turn, plays an important role in neuromuscular complications. Exercise with a cycle ergometer is a treatment option that can be used to improve the rehabilitation of patients on mechanical ventilation (MV) in order to minimize the harmful effects of immobility. METHODS/DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial (the MoVe ICU study) will be conducted to evaluate and compare the effects of early rehabilitation using a bedside cycle ergometer with conventional physical therapy on the muscle morphology of the knee extensors and diaphragm in critical ill patients receiving MV...
August 28, 2015: Trials
Yusuke Chigira, Tomoko Takai, Hironobu Igusa, Kunio Dobashi
[Purpose] We performed early physiotherapy for elderly patients with pneumonia admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU), and examined the effects of this early physiotherapy on the severity of pneumonia. [Subjects and Methods] Patients for whom physiotherapy was started the day after admission to the ICU (acute phase) were assigned to the early intervention group and compared with patients in the standard intervention group. All patients were divided into three groups (Groups I, II, and III) based on the severity of pneumonia...
July 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Marco Confalonieri, Roberto Trevisan, Maja Demsar, Luca Lattuada, Cinzia Longo, Rossella Cifaldi, Mitja Jevnikar, Mario Santagiuliana, Lucia Pelusi, Riccardo Pistelli
BACKGROUND: Respiratory intermediate care units (RICUs) are specialized areas aimed at optimizing the cost-benefit ratio of care. No data exist about the impact of opening a RICU on hospital outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We wondered if opening a RICU may improve the outcomes of patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), or community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: We analyzed the discharge abstracts of 2,372 admissions to the RICU and internal medicine units (IMUs) for ARF, AECOPD, and CAP...
2015: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
J Mehrholz, M Pohl, J Kugler, J Burridge, S Mückel, B Elsner
Intensive care unit (ICU) acquired or generalised weakness due to critical illness myopathy (CIM) and polyneuropathy (CIP) are major causes of chronically impaired motor function that can affect activities of daily living and quality of life. Physical rehabilitation of those affected might help to improve activities of daily living. Our primary objective was to assess the effects of physical rehabilitation therapies and interventions for people with CIP and CIM in improving activities of daily living such as walking, bathing, dressing and eating...
October 2015: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ruy Camargo Pires-Neto, Natalia Pontes Lima, Gregorio Marques Cardim, Marcelo Park, Linda Denehy
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the provision of early mobilization therapy in critically ill patients in a Brazilian medical intensive care unit (ICU) and to investigate the relationship between physical activity level and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Intensive care unit and physiotherapy data were collected retrospectively from 275 consecutive patients. Here we report on the subset of patients (n = 120) who were mechanically ventilated during their ICU stay (age, 49 ± 18 years; Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3, 45 [25])...
October 2015: Journal of Critical Care
Corinne Taniguchi, Elivane S Victor, Talita Pieri, Renata Henn, Carolina Santana, Erica Giovanetti, Cilene Saghabi, Karina Timenetsky, Raquel Caserta Eid, Eliezer Silva, Gustavo F J Matos, Guilherme P P Schettino, Carmen S V Barbas
INTRODUCTION: A recent meta-analysis showed that weaning with SmartCare™ (Dräger, Lübeck, Germany) significantly decreased weaning time in critically ill patients. However, its utility compared with respiratory physiotherapist-protocolized weaning is still a matter of debate. We hypothesized that weaning with SmartCare™ would be as effective as respiratory physiotherapy-driven weaning in critically ill patients. METHODS: Adult critically ill patients mechanically ventilated for more than 24 hours in the adult intensive care unit of the Albert Einstein Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil, were randomly assigned to be weaned either by progressive discontinuation of pressure support ventilation (PSV) with SmartCare™...
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Ellie Hawkins, Anne Jones
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy in intensive care units (ICU) has traditionally focussed on the respiratory management of mechanically ventilated patients. Gradually, focus has shifted to include rehabilitation in adult ICUs, though evidence of a similar shift in the paediatric ICU (PICU) is limited. OBJECTIVES: Review the evidence to determine the role of physiotherapists in the management of mechanically ventilated patients in PICU. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted of: PEDro, CINAHL, Medline, PubMed and the Cochrane Library...
December 2015: Physiotherapy
C Jones, J Eddleston, A McCairn, S Dowling, D McWilliams, E Coughlan, R D Griffiths
PURPOSE: Patients recovering from critical illness may be left with significant muscle mass loss. This study aimed to evaluate whether a 6-week program of enhanced physiotherapy and structured exercise (PEPSE) and an essential amino acid supplement drink (glutamine and essential amino acid mixture [GEAA]) improves physical and psychological recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intensive care patients aged 45 years or older, with a combined intensive care unit stay/pre-intensive care unit stay of 5 days or more were recruited to a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of PEPSE and GEAA on recovery...
October 2015: Journal of Critical Care
M Kahar Bador, V Rai, M Y Yusof, W K Kwong, O Assadian
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate use of medical gloves may support microbial transmission. New strategies could increase the safety of medical gloves without the risk of patient and surface contamination. AIM: To compare the efficacy of synthetic antibacterial nitrile medical gloves coated with polyhexamethylen-biguanid hydrochloride (PHMB) on the external surface with identical non-antibacterial medical gloves in reducing glove contamination after common patient care measures in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting...
July 2015: Journal of Hospital Infection
Brenda Mori, Heather Carnahan, Jodi Herold
PURPOSE: To review the literature on simulation-based learning experiences and to examine their potential to have a positive impact on physiotherapy (PT) learners' knowledge, skills, and attitudes in entry-to-practice curricula. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase Classic+Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science databases, using keywords such as physical therapy, simulation, education, and students. RESULTS: A total of 820 abstracts were screened, and 23 articles were included in the systematic review...
2015: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Catharine Duncan, Lisa Muc, Carol Heck
PURPOSE: To describe physiotherapy (PT) referral practice in a medical-surgical neurological intensive care unit (MSNICU) of a large quaternary teaching hospital before and after the implementation of PT self-referral. METHODS: Charts were reviewed for MSNICU patients who received PT pre-implementation (Pre; n=90) and post-implementation (Post; n=100) to collect data on timeliness, number of referrals, and MSNICU length of stay (LOS); t-tests were conducted to determine group differences...
2015: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Timothy S Walsh, Lisa G Salisbury, Judith L Merriweather, Julia A Boyd, David M Griffith, Guro Huby, Susanne Kean, Simon J Mackenzie, Ashma Krishan, Stephanie C Lewis, Gordon D Murray, John F Forbes, Joel Smith, Janice E Rattray, Alastair M Hull, Pamela Ramsay
IMPORTANCE: Critical illness results in disability and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL), but the optimum timing and components of rehabilitation are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of increasing physical and nutritional rehabilitation plus information delivered during the post-intensive care unit (ICU) acute hospital stay by dedicated rehabilitation assistants on subsequent mobility, HRQOL, and prevalent disabilities. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A parallel group, randomized clinical trial with blinded outcome assessment at 2 hospitals in Edinburgh, Scotland, of 240 patients discharged from the ICU between December 1, 2010, and January 31, 2013, who required at least 48 hours of mechanical ventilation...
June 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Eliane Roseli Winkelmann, Fernanda Dallazen, Angela Beerbaum Steinke Bronzatti, Juliara Cristina Werner Lorenzoni, Pollyana Windmöller
OBJECTIVE: To analyze a cardiac rehabilitation adapted protocol in physical therapy during the postoperative hospital phase of cardiac surgery in a service of high complexity, in aspects regarded to complications and mortality prevalence and hospitalization days. METHODS: This is an observational cross-sectional, retrospective and analytical study performed by investigating 99 patients who underwent cardiac surgery for coronary artery bypass graft, heart valve replacement or a combination of both...
January 2015: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
M Raurell-Torredà, E Argilaga-Molero, M Colomer-Plana, T Ruiz-García, A Galvany-Ferrer, A González-Pujol
AIMS: The literature highlights the lack of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) protocols and the variability of the knowledge of NIV between intensive care units (ICU) and hospitals, so we want to compare NIV nurses's Knowledge from 4 multipurpose ICU and one surgical ICU. METHODS: Multicenter, crosscutting, descriptive study in three university hospitals. The survey instrument was validated in a pilot test, and the calculated Kappa index was 0.9. Returning a completed survey is an indication of informed consent...
April 2015: Enfermería Intensiva
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