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"Narrative evaluation"

Rami H Al-Rifai, Nasloon Ali, Esther T Barigye, Amal H I Al Haddad, Tom Loney, Fatima Al-Maskari, Luai A Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Cohort studies have revealed that genetic, socioeconomic, communicable and non-communicable diseases, and environmental exposures during pregnancy may influence the mother and her pregnancy, birth delivery and her offspring. Numerous studies have been conducted in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to examine maternal and birth health. The objectives of this protocol for a systematic review are to systematically review and characterise the exposures and outcomes that have been examined in the mother and birth cohort studies in the GCC region, and to summarise the strength of association between key maternal exposures during pregnancy (ie, body mass index) and different health-related outcomes (ie, mode of birth delivery)...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Ying Hao, Li Sheng, Yiwen Zhang, Fan Jiang, Jill de Villiers, Wendy Lee, Xueman Lucy Liu
Purpose: We aimed to study narrative skills in Mandarin-speaking children with language impairment (LI) to compare with children with LI speaking Indo-European languages. Method: Eighteen Mandarin-speaking children with LI (mean age 6;2 [years;months]) and 18 typically developing (TD) age controls told 3 stories elicited using the Mandarin Expressive Narrative Test (de Villiers & Liu, 2014). We compared macrostructure-evaluating descriptions of characters, settings, initiating events, internal responses,plans, actions, and consequences...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jennifer L Biggs, Jamie S Sutherell, Rochelle Remus, Eric S Armbrecht, Marta A King
PROBLEM: Student-preceptor discontinuity during 3rd-year clerkships limits the quality and quantity of supervision, teaching, and feedback. Although longitudinal integrative clerkships increase continuity and are associated with improved student and preceptor experience, they require schoolwide curricular reform. Alternative innovations enhancing student-preceptor relationships within the constraints of a traditional block clerkship may demonstrate similar benefits. INTERVENTION: We piloted a continuity-enhanced general pediatric ambulatory schedule during 2 consecutive clerkship blocks in 2013...
January 24, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Brenda Marshall, Julie Bliss, Benjamin Evans, Oksana Dukhan
BACKGROUND: The stigma of psychosis, with the accompanying symptoms of auditory and visual hallucinations, can affect a nurse's ability to provide safe, effective care. Increasing knowledge of the patient's perspective during auditory hallucinations can increase the nurse's ability to be empathetic and engage in a therapeutic alliance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a six-second auditory hallucination simulation to increase empathy in preclinical undergraduate nursing students...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Josef Bartels, Christopher John Mooney, Robert Thompson Stone
BACKGROUND: Medical school evaluations typically rely on both language-based narrative descriptions and psychometrically converted numeric scores to convey performance to the grading committee. We evaluated inter-rater reliability and correlation of numeric versus narrative evaluations for students on their Neurology Clerkship. DESIGN/METHODS: 50 Neurology Clerkship in-training evaluation reports completed by their residents and faculty members at the University of Rochester School of Medicine were dissected into narrative and numeric components...
August 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
Sean M Barnes, Lindsey L Monteith, Georgia R Gerard, Adam S Hoffberg, Beeta Y Homaifar, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVE: Develop and test the acceptability and feasibility of Problem-Solving Therapy for Suicide Prevention (PST-SP), a group intervention aimed at improving problem solving and preventing suicide, among Veterans with hopelessness and moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH METHOD: Following treatment development, 16 U.S. Veterans with moderate-to-severe TBI and a Beck Hopelessness Scale score ≥4 participated in an acceptability and feasibility pilot study of PST-SP at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
August 10, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
Janice Feather, Nancy Carter, Ruta Valaitis, Helen Kirkpatrick
AIMS: To explore community members' stories of their experiences with a Nurse Navigator programme serving an urban neighbourhood and primary care practice to address persistent health and social barriers adversely affecting health equity and well-being. BACKGROUND: In response to striking health and social inequalities existing across neighbourhoods in a large southern city in Ontario, Canada, a pilot programme was designed to improve health and social outcomes in a specific "at-risk" neighbourhood...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Jaime Grácio, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Julian Leff
Schizophrenia is a complex biopsychosocial condition in which expressed emotion in family members is a robust predictor of relapse. Not surprisingly, family interventions are remarkably effective and thus recommended in current treatment guidelines. Their key elements seem to be common therapeutic factors, followed by education and coping skills training. However, few studies have explored these key elements and the process of the intervention itself. We conducted a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the records from a pioneering family intervention trial addressing expressed emotion, published by Leff and colleagues four decades ago...
November 29, 2016: Family Process
Stefano Corbella, Roberto Weinstein, Luca Francetti, Silvio Taschieri, Massimo Del Fabbro
The aim of the present study was to systematically review the existing literature on periodontal regenerative procedures in individuals affected by aggressive periodontitis (AgP). An electronic and manual search was performed using an ad hoc prepared search string. All types of study designs were considered acceptable for inclusion. Data about treated patients, baseline clinical parameters, type of surgery, and outcomes were extracted and recorded. A narrative evaluation of the results was performed. After the article-selection process, a total of 22 full-texts were included in the qualitative synthesis...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Marjorie Atchan, Deborah Davis, Maralyn Foureur
AIM: To explore the use and application of case study research in midwifery. BACKGROUND: Case study research provides rich data for the analysis of complex issues and interventions in the healthcare disciplines; however, a gap in the midwifery research literature was identified. DESIGN: A methodological review of midwifery case study research using recognized templates, frameworks and reporting guidelines facilitated comprehensive analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Christian A Pean, Keithara Davis, Robert Merrill, Brett Marinelli, Allison Lockwood, Zara Mathews, Reuben J Strayer, Geneviéve Poitevien, Jennifer Galjour
BACKGROUND: During a 3-year time frame, a partnership between medical trainees in Haiti and the United States was forged with the objective of implementing an emergency response skills curriculum at a medical school in Port-au-Prince. The effort sought to assess the validity of a near-peer, bidirectional, cross-cultural teaching format as both a global health experience for medical students and as an effective component of improving medical education and emergency response infrastructure in developing countries such as Haiti...
March 2015: Annals of Global Health
Shiphra Ginsburg, Glenn Regehr, Lorelei Lingard, Kevin W Eva
OBJECTIVES: Narrative comments are used routinely in many forms of rater-based assessment. Interpretation can be difficult as a result of idiosyncratic writing styles and disconnects between literal and intended meanings. Our purpose was to explore how faculty attendings interpret and make sense of the narrative comments on residents' in-training evaluation reports (ITERs) and to determine the language cues that appear to be influential in generating and justifying their interpretations...
March 2015: Medical Education
Dag Sverre Syrdal, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Kheng Lee Koay, Wan Ching Ho
This article describes the prototyping of human-robot interactions in the University of Hertfordshire (UH) Robot House. Twelve participants took part in a long-term study in which they interacted with robots in the UH Robot House once a week for a period of 10 weeks. A prototyping method using the narrative framing technique allowed participants to engage with the robots in episodic interactions that were framed using narrative to convey the impression of a continuous long-term interaction. The goal was to examine how participants responded to the scenarios and the robots as well as specific robot behaviours, such as agent migration and expressive behaviours...
2014: Cognitive Computation
Bridget B Matarazzo, Adam S Hoffberg, Tracy A Clemans, Gina M Signoracci, Grahame K Simpson, Lisa A Brenner
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To conduct a cross-cultural adaptation of Window to Hope (WtoH), a treatment to reduce hopelessness after traumatic brain injury (TBI), from the Australian civilian context to that of U.S. Veterans. RESEARCH DESIGN: Three-stage mixed-methods approach. METHODS: Stage 1: Consensus conference with stakeholders to revise the manual. Stage 2: Pilot study of the revised manual with US Veterans to examine acceptability, feasibility and fidelity...
2014: Brain Injury: [BI]
Joanna L Hudson, Chris Bundy, Peter A Coventry, Chris Dickens
OBJECTIVE: Depression and anxiety are common in diabetes and are associated with lower diabetes self-care adherence. How this occurs is unclear. Our systematic review explored the relationship between cognitive illness representations and poor emotional health and their combined association with diabetes self-care. METHODS: Medline, Psycinfo, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched from inception to June 2013. Data on associations between cognitive illness representations, poor emotional health, and diabetes self-care were extracted...
April 2014: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Janice L Hanson, Adam A Rosenberg, J Lindsey Lane
BACKGROUND: In medical education, evaluation of clinical performance is based almost universally on rating scales for defined aspects of performance and scores on examinations and checklists. Unfortunately, scores and grades do not capture progress and competence among learners in the complex tasks and roles required to practice medicine. While the literature suggests serious problems with the validity and reliability of ratings of clinical performance based on numerical scores, the critical issue is not that judgments about what is observed vary from rater to rater but that these judgments are lost when translated into numbers on a scale...
2013: Frontiers in Psychology
Arne Evers, José Muñiz, Carmen Hagemeister, Andreas Høtmælingen, Patricia Lindley, Anders Sjöbergr, Dave Bartram
BACKGROUND: Diverse national and international organizations have been developing projects for many years to improve testing practices. The main goal of this paper is to present the revised model of the European Federation of Psychologists' Associations (EFPA) for the evaluation of the quality of tests. This model aims to provide test users with rigorous information about the theoretical, practical and psychometric characteristics of tests, in order to enhance their use. METHOD: For the revision of the test review model, an EFPA task force was established, consisting of six European experts from different countries, who worked on the update of the previous European model, adapting it to the recent developments in the field of psychological and educational measurement...
2013: Psicothema
Joan B Riley, Edilma L Yearwood
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine if a pedagogy of curriculum infusion promotes nursing student well-being and intent to address quality care indicators of Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) and American Association of Colleges of Nursing. METHODS: This mixed-method experimental design study is based on 86 students' experiences with curriculum infusion as an intervention in two undergraduate nursing courses from August to December 2011. Student reflections, case analyses, and narrative evaluations were examined...
October 2012: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Itamar Levy-Frank, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Shlomo Kravetz, David Roe
Most attempts to study the impact of psychosocial interventions on parents of persons with severe mental illness (SMI) are quantitative. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the subjective experience of parents of persons with SMI who participated in either a psychoeducational intervention which emphasized providing information on the illness and support, or a therapeutic alliance focused intervention (TAFI) which emphasized the alliance between the group members and group leaders. Ninety-three parents, who participated in either one of these two interventions, were interviewed using the Narrative Evaluation of Intervention Interview...
June 2012: Family Process
Gloria Streit Olness, Jennifer Gyger, Kathy Thomas
The advent of managed health care has challenged rehabilitation professionals to guide their clients toward functionally meaningful outcomes in the least amount of time possible and to justify the evidence base for their intervention approaches. The ability to relate personal narratives in everyday contexts lies at the core of communicative functionality, but feasible clinical assessment of narrative has proven elusive. The purpose of this article is to offer an evidence-based framework for guiding assessments of the personal narratives of adults with aphasia, within a managed care model of service delivery...
February 2012: Seminars in Speech and Language
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