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Narrative evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239912/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-visual-narrative-illustrations-used-to-teach-pathophysiology-to-undergraduate-nursing-students
#1
Mohamed El Hussein, Vincent Salyers, Joseph Osuji
Nursing students and nurses often struggle with understanding pathophysiology concepts. Seventy-five students participated in two phases of an exploratory study that evaluated knowledge of pathophysiology concepts when taught using an innovation known as "visual narrative illustrations" (VNIs). Students taught using VNIs performed significantly better on a knowledge posttest and commented that the VNI humor and visual images helped them learn complex concepts. Used in combination with other teaching strategies, VNIs enhanced knowledge and understanding of pathophysiology concepts...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239120/a-call-for-prevention-and-early-intervention-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Vlasios Brakoulias, Iain E Perkes, Emmanouil Tsalamanios
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that many people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have subclinical symptoms years before the development of their disorder and that early treatment may reduce its severity. AIM: To explore prevention and early intervention strategies for OCD. METHODS: A narrative literature review was conducted. RESULTS: The literature in relation to the prevention of OCD is sparse. Genetic and environmental factors appear to be relevant to the aetiology of OCD, for example, the observation that hoarding symptoms and contamination/cleaning symptoms are more likely to also be present in first-degree relatives...
December 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237496/government-policy-interventions-to-reduce-human-antimicrobial-use-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard, Steven J Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat AMR is to reduce antimicrobial drug consumption. Governments around the world have been experimenting with different policy interventions, such as regulating where antimicrobials can be sold, restricting the use of last-resort antimicrobials, funding AMR stewardship programs, and launching public awareness campaigns...
December 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236028/beyond-disaster-preparedness-building-a-resilience-oriented-workforce-for-the-future
#4
REVIEW
Jaime Madrigano, Anita Chandra, Tracy Costigan, Joie D Acosta
Enhancing citizens' and communities' resilience is critical to adapt successfully to ongoing challenges faced by communities, as well as acute shocks resulting from disasters. While significant progress has been made in this area, several research and practice gaps remain. A crucial next step to advance resilience is the development of a resilience-oriented workforce. This narrative review examines existing literature to determine key components of a resilience-oriented workforce, with a focus on organizational structures, training and education, and leadership models...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234174/quality-assessment-of-published-articles-in-iranian-journals-related-to-economic-evaluation-in-health-care-programs-based-on-drummond-s-checklist-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Aziz Rezapour, Abdosaleh Jafari, Kosha Mirmasoudi, Hamid Talebianpour
Health economic evaluation research plays an important role in selecting cost-effective interventions. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of published articles in Iranian journals related to economic evaluation in health care programs based on Drummond's checklist in terms of numbers, features, and quality. In the present review study, published articles (Persian and English) in Iranian journals related to economic evaluation in health care programs were searched using electronic databases...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233466/physiotherapists-use-a-small-number-of-behaviour-change-techniques-when-promoting-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-comparing-experimental-and-observational-studies
#6
REVIEW
Breanne E Kunstler, Jill L Cook, Nicole Freene, Caroline F Finch, Joanne L Kemp, Paul D O'Halloran, James E Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapists promote physical activity as part of their practice. This study reviewed the behaviour change techniques physiotherapists use when promoting physical activity in experimental and observational studies. DESIGN: Systematic review of experimental and observational studies. METHODS: Twelve databases were searched using terms related to physiotherapy and physical activity. We included experimental studies evaluating the efficacy of physiotherapist-led physical activity interventions delivered to adults in clinic-based private practice and outpatient settings to individuals with, or at risk of, non-communicable diseases...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233168/a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluation-studies-conducted-on-neonatal-systemic-infections-in-south-asia
#7
Shruti Murthy, Denny John, Isadora Perpetual Godinho, Myron Anthony Godinho, Vasudeva Guddattu, N Sreekumaran Nair
BACKGROUND: Neonatal systemic infections and their consequent impairments give rise to long-lasting health, economic and social effects on the neonate, the family and the nation. Considering the dearth of consolidated economic evidence in this important area, this systematic review aims to critically appraise and consolidate the evidence on economic evaluations of management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia. METHODS: Full and partial economic evaluations, published in English, associated with the management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia will be included...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233167/interventions-for-domestic-violence-among-pregnant-women-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#8
Diksha Sapkota, Kathleen Baird, Amornrat Saito, Debra Anderson
BACKGROUND: Violence during pregnancy is a global problem, associated with serious health risks for both the mother and baby. Evaluation of interventions targeted for reducing or controlling domestic violence (DV) is still in its infancy, and the majority of findings are primarily from high-income countries (HICs). Therefore, there is an urgent need for generating evidence of DV interventions among pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines will be employed to structure the review...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233132/intraoral-scanners-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#9
Francesco Mangano, Andrea Gandolfi, Giuseppe Luongo, Silvia Logozzo
BACKGROUND: Intraoral scanners (IOS) are devices for capturing direct optical impressions in dentistry. The purpose of this narrative review on the use of IOS was to: (1) identify the advantages/disadvantages of using optical impressions compared to conventional impressions; (2) investigate if optical impressions are as accurate as conventional impressions; (3) evaluate the differences between the IOS currently available commercially; (4) determine the current clinical applications/limitations in the use of IOS...
December 12, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230427/biomechanical-comparison-of-single-versus-double-row-capsulolabral-repair-for-shoulder-instability-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Matthew John Yousif, James Bicos
Background: The glenohumeral joint is the most commonly dislocated joint in the body. Failure rates of capsulolabral repair have been reported to be approximately 8%. Recent focus has been on restoration of the capsulolabral complex by a double-row capsulolabral repair technique in an effort to decrease redislocation rates after arthroscopic capsulolabral repair. Purpose: To present a review of the biomechanical literature comparing single- versus double-row capsulolabral repairs and discuss the previous case series of double-row fixation...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229046/unemployment-following-childhood-cancer
#11
Luzius Mader, Gisela Michel, Katharina Roser
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at risk of physical and mental long-term sequelae that may interfere with their employment situation in adulthood. We updated a systematic review from 2006 and assessed unemployment in adult childhood cancer survivors compared to the general population, and its predictors. METHODS: Systematic literature searches for articles published between February 2006 and August 2016 were performed in CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and SocINDEX...
November 24, 2017: Deutsches Ă„rzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228977/a-systematic-review-of-the-application-of-wilson-and-cleary-health-related-quality-of-life-model-in-chronic-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Adedokun Oluwafemi Ojelabi, Yitka Graham, Catherine Haighton, Jonathan Ling
BACKGROUND: A conceptual model approach to clarify the elements of health-related quality of life (HRQL), their determinants and causal pathways is needed to aid researchers, health practitioners and policy makers in their bid to improve HRQL outcomes in patients. The aim of this systematic review was to appraise empirical evidence on the performance of the Wilson and Cleary Model of HRQL. METHODS: We conducted a search of MEDLINE, Science Direct, PsyARTICLES and CINAHL databases to identify articles that used Wilson and Cleary model to examine HRQL in chronic diseases...
December 11, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228932/narratives-of-community-engagement-a-systematic-review-derived-conceptual-framework-for-public-health-interventions
#13
Ginny Brunton, James Thomas, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Farah Jamal, Sandy Oliver, Josephine Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Government policy increasingly supports engaging communities to promote health. It is critical to consider whether such strategies are effective, for whom, and under what circumstances. However, 'community engagement' is defined in diverse ways and employed for different reasons. Considering the theory and context we developed a conceptual framework which informs understanding about what makes an effective (or ineffective) community engagement intervention. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of community engagement in public health interventions using: stakeholder involvement; searching, screening, appraisal and coding of research literature; and iterative thematic syntheses and meta-analysis...
December 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225906/patient-engagement-in-kidney-research-opportunities-and-challenges-ahead
#14
REVIEW
Amber O Molnar, Moumita Barua, Ana Konvalinka, Kara Schick-Makaroff
Purpose of Review: Patient engagement in research is increasingly recognized as an important component of the research process and may facilitate translation of research findings. To heighten awareness on this important topic, this review presents opportunities and challenges of patient engagement in research, drawing on specific examples from 4 areas of Canadian kidney research conducted by New Investigators in the Kidney Research Scientist Core Education and National Training (KRESCENT) Program...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225661/maternal-nutritional-status-during-pregnancy-and-infant-immune-response-to-routine-childhood-vaccinations
#15
REVIEW
Olayinka Obanewa, Marie-Louise Newell
To systematically review the association between maternal nutritional status in pregnancy and infant immune response to childhood vaccines. We reviewed literature on maternal nutrition during pregnancy, fetal immune system and vaccines and possible relationships. Thereafter, we undertook a systematic review of the literature of maternal nutritional status and infant vaccine response, extracted relevant information, assessed quality of the nine papers identified and present findings in a narrative format. From limited evidence of average quality, intrauterine nutrition deficiency could lead to functional deficit in the infant's immune function; child vaccine response may thus be negatively affected by maternal malnutrition...
September 2017: Future Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224586/a-scoping-review-of-the-evidence-for-efficacy-of-acupuncture-in-companion-animals
#16
Wesley J Rose, Jan M Sargeant, W J Brad Hanna, David Kelton, Dianna M Wolfe, Lee V Wisener
Acupuncture has become increasingly popular in veterinary medicine. Within the scientific literature there is debate regarding its efficacy. Due to the complex nature of acupuncture, a scoping review was undertaken to identify and categorize the evidence related to acupuncture in companion animals (dogs, cats, and horses). Our search identified 843 relevant citations. Narrative reviews represented the largest proportion of studies (43%). We identified 179 experimental studies and 175 case reports/case series that examined the efficacy of acupuncture...
December 11, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221446/a-systematic-review-of-test-accuracy-studies-evaluating-molecular-micro-satellite-instability-testing-for-the-detection-of-individuals-with-lynch-syndrome
#17
Helen Coelho, Tracey Jones-Hughes, Tristan Snowsill, Simon Briscoe, Nicola Huxley, Ian M Frayling, Chris Hyde
BACKGROUND: A systematic review was conducted to assess the diagnostic test accuracy of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based microsatellite instability (MSI) testing for identifying Lynch syndrome in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Unlike previous reviews, this was based on assessing MSI testing against best practice for the reference standard, and included CRC populations that were unselected, age-limited or high-risk for Lynch syndrome. METHODS: Single- and two-gate diagnostic test accuracy studies, or similar, were identified, assessed for inclusion, data extracted and quality appraised by two reviewers according to a pre-specified protocol...
December 8, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219877/effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-rehabilitation-for-mobility-and-functional-ability-in-adult-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#18
Kenneth Lo, Matthew Stephenson, Craig Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, and rehabilitation, involving repetitive, high intensity, task-specific exercises, is the pathway to restoring motor skills. Robotic assistive devices are increasingly being used and it is hoped that with robotic devices, rehabilitation progress can be achieved for patients. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of robotic devices in the rehabilitation of stroke patients for upper limb mobility, lower limb mobility, and activities of daily living...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219876/effectiveness-of-patient-centered-interventions-on-falls-in-the-acute-care-setting-compared-to-usual-care-a-systematic-review
#19
Donna Avanecean, Dawn Calliste, Teresita Contreras, Yeogyeong Lim, Aileen Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional falls during hospitalization remain a concern for healthcare institutions globally despite implementation of various improvement strategies. Although the incidence of falls has been of heightened focus for many years and numerous studies have been done evaluating different approaches for fall prevention, fall rates remain high in acute care settings. Patient fall risk scales tend to address only particular intrinsic and extrinsic factors but do not adequately assess a patient's current fall risk status, subsequently warranting more patient-centered risk assessments and interventions...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219875/ehealth-interventions-for-parents-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review
#20
Justine Dol, Alannah Delahunty-Pike, Sheren Anwar Siani, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
BACKGROUND: As technology becomes increasingly more advanced, particularly video technology and interactive learning platforms, some neonatal intensive care units are embracing electronic health (eHealth) technologies to enhance and expand their family-centered care environments. Despite the emergence of eHealth, there has been a lack of systematic evaluation of its effectiveness thus far. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of eHealth interventions used in neonatal intensive care units on parent-related and infant outcomes...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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