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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203258/the-importance-impact-and-influence-of-group-clinical-supervision-for-graduate-entry-nursing-students
#1
Fiona Sheppard, Gemma Stacey, Aimee Aubeeluck
This paper will report on an evaluation of group clinical supervision (CS) facilitated for graduate entry nursing (GEN) students whilst on clinical placement. The literature suggests educational forums which enable GEN students to engage in critical dialogue, promote reflective practice and ongoing support are an essential element of GEN curricula. The model of supervision employed was informed by Proctor's three function interactive CS model and Inskipp and Proctor's Supervision Alliance. Both emphasise the normative, formative and restorative functions of CS as task areas within an overarching humanistic supervisory approach...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180545/implementation-of-a-standardized-medication-therapy-management-plus-approach-within-primary-care
#2
Emily J Schwartz, Jacques Turgeon, Jay Patel, Parag Patel, Hetal Shah, Amalia M Issa, Orsula V Knowlton, Calvin H Knowlton, Kevin T Bain
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to implement a clinical pharmacist-led medication therapy management (MTM) service within a primary-care setting that is enhanced by 1) a clinical decision support system (CDSS) that includes a unique combination of medication risk mitigation factors, which aids the pharmacist in interpreting the medication profile, and 2) pharmacogenomics (PGx) testing. METHODS: This was a service implementation study, whereby Medicare beneficiaries were eligible if they were patients of Elmwood Family Physicians, a private family, primary care practice with 2 locations in New Jersey, and were on at least 7 medications...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169937/positive-deviance-and-hand-hygiene-of-nurses-in-a-quebec-hospital-what-can-we-learn-from-the-best
#3
Josiane Létourneau, Marie Alderson, Annette Leibing
BACKGROUND: Although it is well known that hand hygiene is the most effective measure to prevent health care-associated infections, hand hygiene adherence is low in Quebec, as it is elsewhere. For this study, an innovative framework was used to explore the clinical practice of nurses regarding hand hygiene and the factors that influence it: positive deviance, or the idea that there are people who find better solutions to problems than their peers. This study investigated positive deviance at the level of the care team to shed light on group dynamics...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142560/changes-in-empathy-during-medical-education-an-example-from-turkey
#4
Fusun Artiran Igde, Mustafa Kursat Sahin
Objective: Empathy is a key element of patient- physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health. In this study we aimed to present the Turkey example for the empathy change during the medical faculty training. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Samsun, Turkey. in first three years students of medicine during September 2014 to June 2015...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098071/the-use-of-the-clinical-ethnographic-narrative-interview-to-understand-and-support-help-seeking-after-gender-based-violence
#5
Denise M Saint Arnault
Gender-based violence (GBV), characterized by the abduction or rape of women and girls to humiliate, intimidate, and traumatize them and their communities, is a profoundly disturbing tactic in international conflict. Long after armed conflict has ended, survivors continue to experience physical injuries, psychological trauma, and social and cultural stigma. Guilt, shame, and continued interpersonal violence can become a normalized part of daily life, significantly challenging the road to healing and recovery...
September 2017: TPM. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#6
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045272/palliative-nursing-for-cancer-patients-as-an-abstract-concept-a-hermeneutic-study
#7
Leili Borimnejad, Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh, Naimeh Seyedfatemi, Mamak Tahmasebi
BACKGROUND: Understanding the outcomes of palliative care (PC) that is provided to patients with cancer is necessary. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of Iranian nurses with regard to PC outcomes in cancer patients. METHODS: This hermeneutic study interviewed 14 nurses to understand their lived experiences with regard to PC outcomes in cancer patients. A seven-stage process of data analysis was employed. RESULTS: One constitutive pattern "palliative nursing for cancer patients is an abstractive concept" and the two associated themes of "providing excellent PC" and "PC as an alarm" were identified...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956551/a-return-to-humane-medicine-osler-s-legacy
#8
Lucia Craxì, Simona Giardina, Antonio Gioacchino Spagnolo
Sir William Osler is celebrated today not only for his contributions to the advancement of medical education, but also for the humanism he brought to the practice of medicine. He was a doctor whose bedside skills and manners were emulated, and can legitimately be called an infectious diseases specialist. Nonetheless, he was also a humanist in the broader sense of the term, a student of human affairs and human nature, who emphasised compassion for the individual. To what extent, if any, are today's challenges influenced by departures from the paradigms created by Osler? In this paper we sought to ascertain whether such a tradition is still relevant to current practice and may foster a new perspective...
September 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948591/-correspondence-in-humanistic-care
#9
Hsien-Hsien Chiang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
BACKGROUND: Intersubjectivity is a significant element of humanistic care. However, there is a lack of evidence related to the perceptions of nurses in clinical practice settings. PURPOSE: To explore the evidence of correspondence in clinical intersubjective caring activities. METHODS: The van Manen's thematic analysis approach was used to analyze the data, which was obtained from dialogues in small group learning settings. Six scenarios were identified to define the nature of correspondence in nursing care...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#10
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836298/a-qualitative-examination-of-patients-experiences-of-dietitians-consultation-engagement-styles-within-nephrology
#11
A Morris, T Herrmann, C Liles, C Roskell
BACKGROUND: Dietitians provide individuals with tailored, practical nutritional advice. For this reason, skills in effective interpersonal communication are essential. In the case of chronic kidney disease, the specifics of dietary advice may change according to renal function. The conveyance of accurate dietary advice and compliance is critical and requires full engagement with the service. The effect of communication styles on patients ' engagement experiences with renal dietetics is unknown...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746004/is-fromm-relevant-for-relational-approaches-in-psychoanalysis
#12
Mauricio Cortina
This paper provides an overview of how Erich Fromm's work influenced contemporary relational and intersubjective approaches. It stresses Fromm's humanistic and existential sensibility, his explanation of how different socioeconomic and cultural contexts mold different character types, and how his center-to-center relatedness in clinical work all contribute to psychic change. The author shows how these dimensions intersect and add to current interests in relational psychoanalysis.
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710655/about-the-right-to-be-ill
#13
Jacek Halasz
The article raises the issue of 'the right to be ill', formulated by Tadeusz Kielanowski, a Polish physician and humanist. According to him, the right to health should be supplemented by the principle which would serve the protection of people with diseases or disabilities. One-sided interpretation of 'the right to health' may result in various forms of intolerance and discrimination. This paper presents what dangers Kielanowski recognized and explains why his approach was considered to be a novelty; what the idea of 'the right to be ill' is, how the need for it is substantiated...
July 14, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655668/simulation-training-for-emergency-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-in-senegal-preliminary-results
#14
M Gueye, P M Moreira, M E Faye-Dieme, M D Ndiaye-Gueye, O Gassama, S M Kane-Gueye, A A Diouf, M M Niang, M Diadhiou, M Diallo, Y D Dieng, O Ndiaye, A Diouf, J C Moreau
To describe a new training approach for emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) introduced in Senegal to strengthen the skills of healthcare providers. The approach was based on skills training according to the so-called "humanist" method and on "lifesaving skills". Simulated practice took place in the classroom through 13 clinical stations summarizing the clinical skills needed for EmONC. Evaluation took place in all phases, and the results were recorded in a database to document the progress of each learner...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649928/beyond-the-medical-model
#15
Scott J Fitzpatrick, Jo River
The medical model continues to dominate research and shape policy and service responses to suicide. In this work we challenge the assumption that the medical model always provides the most effective and appropriate care for persons who are suicidal. In particular, we point to service user perspectives of health services which show that interventions are often experienced as discriminatory, culturally inappropriate, and incongruent with the needs and values of persons who are suicidal. We then examine "humanistic" approaches to care that have been proposed as a corrective to an overly medical model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632445/critique-and-contribute-a-practice-based-framework-for-improving-critical-data-studies-and-data-science
#16
Gina Neff, Anissa Tanweer, Brittany Fiore-Gartland, Laura Osburn
What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603440/love-and-realism
#17
Pieter Lemmens
In this reply I try to show that, contrary to Milberry's apparent assertion, the general intellect of the multitude does not have the explanatory robustness she accredits to it (following both Virno and the Hardt and Negri of the Empire trilogy). Digital network technologies are currently overwhelmingly effective in proletarianizing and disempowering the cognitariat and only an active technopolitics of deproletarianization could reverse this hegemonic situation. In my response to Verbeek, I attempt to correct his misinterpretation (shared by Milberry) of the Stieglerian approach as being dialectical in nature and show that, far from reinstating the humanist dichotomy between human beings and technologies, my analysis assumes their original, albeit fundamentally ambiguous and even 'uncanny' [unheimlich] interconnection...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596804/bringing-a-humanistic-approach-to-cancer-clinical-trials
#18
REVIEW
Roberto Jun Arai, Elaine Santana Longo, Maria Helena Sponton, Maria Del Pilar Estevez Diz
In this article, we describe some practical aspects that promote the humanisation of clinical research. Actions are not limited to improving the communication skills of medical staff but also include maintenance of care continuity, accessible written information, and application of theoretic models such as shared decision-making and management of stress in decision-making under uncertainty. We believe that a comprehensive strategy will increase patients' motivation to participate in and adhere to clinical research...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587502/ethical-values-in-nurse-education-perceived-by-students-and-educators
#19
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546973/altruism-the-values-dimension-of-caring-self-efficacy-concept-in-iranian-pediatric-nurses
#20
Azam Alavi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni, Alireza Yousefy, Masoud Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is the most influential among factors affecting nurses' performance. Yet, understanding of the constituent elements of the caring self-efficacy concept was not considered. This study was to introduce altruism as one of the main aspects of caring self-efficacy in pediatric nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is part of a larger study on the concept of caring self-efficacy conducted with qualitative content analysis approach in Iran. Participants included 27 clinical pediatric nurses and instructors, selected purposively...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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