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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414495/racial-discrimination-racial-identity-and-impostor-phenomenon-a-profile-approach
#1
Donte L Bernard, Lori S Hoggard, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between racial discrimination and the impostor phenomenon (IP) and the moderating influence of racial identity on this relationship. METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven African American college students (68% female; mean age = 18.63) completed measures of racial discrimination, racial identity, and IP during 2 waves of data collection. RESULTS: Utilizing latent profile analyses, 4 patterns of racial identity were identified: Undifferentiated, Multiculturalist, Race-Focused, and Humanist...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388976/concept-development-of-nursing-presence-application-of-schwartz-barcott-and-kim-s-hybrid-model
#2
Fatemeh Mohammadipour, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Soroor Parvizy, Meimanat Hosseini
PURPOSE: Although nursing presence is a foundation for professional nursing practice and has known positive outcomes such as patient satisfaction and recovery; it is not well known. The ambiguity surrounding how to define nursing presence has challenged its evaluation and education. Therefore, in an attempt to discover attributes of this underdeveloped concept and studying it in a new context, concept development is essential. The purpose of this study was to clarify the concept of nursing presence through concept development, to produce a tentative definition of this subjective concept in clinical practice...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381895/emphasizing-bloom-s-affective-domain-to-reduce-pharmacy-students-stigmatizing-attitudes
#3
Andrew J Muzyk, Katie Lentz, Cynthia Green, Steve Fuller, D Byron May, Lorae Roukema
Objective. To create a learning environment using Bloom's affective domain as a framework that would reduce third-year pharmacy students' stigmatizing attitudes toward patients with mental illness. Design. Prior to the start of the module, students were asked to complete the 27-question Attribution Questionnaire Short Form (AQ-27). The teaching approach and in-class activities were designed to allow students' to experience the major categories within Bloom's affective domain. The module used patient cases, interactive-learning activities, and reflective discussions to augment pharmacological and therapeutic knowledge with a humanistic understanding of mental illness...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373557/quantitative-criticism-of-literary-relationships
#4
Joseph P Dexter, Theodore Katz, Nilesh Tripuraneni, Tathagata Dasgupta, Ajay Kannan, James A Brofos, Jorge A Bonilla Lopez, Lea A Schroeder, Adriana Casarez, Maxim Rabinovich, Ayelet Haimson Lushkov, Pramit Chaudhuri
Authors often convey meaning by referring to or imitating prior works of literature, a process that creates complex networks of literary relationships ("intertextuality") and contributes to cultural evolution. In this paper, we use techniques from stylometry and machine learning to address subjective literary critical questions about Latin literature, a corpus marked by an extraordinary concentration of intertextuality. Our work, which we term "quantitative criticism," focuses on case studies involving two influential Roman authors, the playwright Seneca and the historian Livy...
April 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353393/toward-a-humanistic-model-in-health-communication
#5
Olaf Werder
Since the key to effective health communication lies in its ability to communicate well, some of its core problems are those that relate to the sharing of meaning between communicators. In elaborating on these problems, this paper offers two key propositions: one, health communication has to pass through the filter of a particular world view that creates a discrepancy between expected and actual message reception and response. Two, the assumption of a rational human actor made implicitly by most health psychological models is a contestable issue, as many times message recipients do not follow a cognitive judgment process...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329857/-play-and-people-living-with-dementia-a-humanities-based-inquiry-of-timeslips-and-the-alzheimer-s-poetry-project
#6
Aagje Swinnen, Kate de Medeiros
This paper is a humanities-based inquiry, applying Huizinga's framework of homo ludens ("man the player") to consider "play" in the context of two participatory arts programs (TimeSlips and the Alzheimer's Poetry Project) for people living with dementia. "Play," according to this Dutch historian, is at the heart of human activity and what gives meaning to life. Despite empirical research on play across the life course, play in dementia care is a relatively new idea. In addition, there is a dearth of reports based on humanistic inquiry which has slightly different goals than the growing body of qualitative and quantitative studies of participatory arts interventions...
January 18, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291968/integrative-treatment-of-personality-disorder-part-i-psychotherapy
#7
Mirjana Divac Jovanovic, Dragan Svrakic
In this paper, we outline the concept of integrative therapy of borderline personality, also referred to as fragmented personality, which we consider to be the core psychopathology underlying all clinical subtypes of personality disorder. Hence, the terms borderline personality, borderline disorder, fragmented personality, and personality disorder are used interchangeably, as synonyms. Our integrative approach combines pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, each specifically tailored to accomplish a positive feedback modulation of their respective effects...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272112/starting-with-lucy-focusing-on-human-similarities-rather-than-differences-to-address-health-care-disparities
#8
Laura Clementz, Megan McNamara, Nicole M Burt, Matthew Sparks, Mamta K Singh
PROBLEM: Multicultural or cultural competence education to address health care disparities using the traditional categorical approach can lead to inadvertent adverse consequences. Nontraditional approaches that address these drawbacks while promoting humanistic care are needed. APPROACH: In September 2014, the Cleveland VA Medical Center's Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education Transforming Outpatient Care (CoEPCE-TOPC) collaborated with the Cleveland Museum of Natural History (CMNH) to develop the Original Identity program, which uses a biocultural anthropologic framework to help learners recognize and address unconscious bias and starts with a discussion of humans' shared origins...
March 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243463/use-of-empathy-in-psychiatric-practice-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#9
James Ross, Chris Watling
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has faced significant criticism for overreliance on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and medications with purported disregard for empathetic, humanistic interventions. AIMS: To develop an empirically based qualitative theory explaining how psychiatrists use empathy in day-to-day practice, to inform practice and teaching approaches. METHOD: This study used constructivist grounded theory methodology to ask (a) 'How do psychiatrists understand and use empathetic engagement in the day-to-day practice of psychiatry?' and (b) 'How do psychiatrists learn and teach the skills of empathetic engagement?' The authors interviewed 17 academic psychiatrists and 4 residents and developed a theory by iterative coding of the collected data...
January 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211050/the-care-approach-to-reducing-diagnostic-errors
#10
Jess L Rush, Stephen E Helms, Eliot N Mostow
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic errors appear to be the most common, costly, and dangerous of all medical mistakes. There has been a notable increase on the focus of error prevention as part of a growing patient safety movement. However, diagnostic errors have received less attention than other types of error. Our goal is to present a short mnemonic that can act as a checklist or posted reminder to help practitioners in dermatology or any field of medicine to avoid diagnostic errors. METHODS: To meet this goal, the authors reviewed the literature and discussed errors and potential errors they have experienced over 55 years of combined practice, to create a short mnemonic...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181974/the-respect-that-other-deserves-a-game-between-forces-and-weaknesses-in-the-field-of-health-care
#11
Carlos A Sampaio
Caring for people with diminished faculties and forms of disease and handicap that break down their personality places high demands on care staff. Anchored in a caring science with a holistic and humanistic approach, this article analyzes the trajectories of control that emerge in nurse care interactions. A suggested answer is the responsibility of the nurse to be aware of the power inequality, to recognize the potential for patients to feel intimidated, and to create a therapeutic alliance. The right use of power in the nurse-patient interaction guarantees that the patient's needs are foremost and the patient's vulnerability is sheltered...
March 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130710/medical-students-reflections-toward-end-of-life-a-hospice-experience
#12
Andrea Bovero, Chiara Tosi, Marco Miniotti, Riccardo Torta, Paolo Leombruni
In this study, we want to investigate the personal reflections toward care of the dying cancer patients among second year medical students. Two hundred fifty second year medical students attended an elective short course on end-of-life care and a brief training at the hospice Valletta, in Turin. After group discussion, the students explained their reflections about their experience. Two different supervisors of the study analyzed themes of the students and subdivided them in categories according to the frequency...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129636/towards-recovery-oriented-psychosocial-interventions-for-bipolar-disorder-quality-of-life-outcomes-stage-sensitive-treatments-and-mindfulness-mechanisms
#13
REVIEW
Greg Murray, Nuwan D Leitan, Neil Thomas, Erin E Michalak, Sheri L Johnson, Steven Jones, Tania Perich, Lesley Berk, Michael Berk
Current adjunctive psychosocial interventions for bipolar disorder (BD) aim to impact illness course via information sharing/skill development. This focus on clinical outcomes contrasts with the emergent recovery paradigm, which prioritises adaptation to serious mental illness and movement towards personally meaningful goals. The aim of this review is to encourage innovation in the psychological management of BD by considering three recovery-oriented trends in the literature. First, the importance of quality of life as a target of recovery-oriented clinical work is considered...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118933/integrative-medicine-breaking-down-silos-of-knowledge-and-practice-an-epigenetic-approach
#14
Bruce S McEwen
The future of medicine is discussed in the context of epigenetic influences during the entire life course and the lived experiences of each person, avoiding as much as possible the "medicalization" of the individual and taking a more humanistic view. The reciprocal communication between brain and body via the neuroendocrine, autonomic, metabolic and immune systems and the plasticity of brain architecture provide the basis for devising better "top down" interventions that engage the whole person in working towards his or her welfare...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105614/-effect-of-surgeons-on-palliative-treatment-for-malignant-tumors
#15
Jin Gu
For advanced stage tumor patients who can not receive radical treatment, quite a part of them require surgical intervention. Surgeons play a important role and are still the main force in palliative treatment for tumors. But in present medical education system, training contents for surgeon involving palliative treatment are few. In fact, surgeons have responsibilities for improving the quality of life, ameliorating pain, preserving the dignity and relieving symptoms of patients in the palliative treatment of tumors...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064257/epistemic-cognition-in-medical-education-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer L Eastwood, Elysa Koppelman-White, Misa Mi, Jason Adam Wasserman, Ernest F Krug Iii, Barbara Joyce
Objective: To review the research literature on epistemic cognition in medical education. Methods: We conducted database searches using keywords related to epistemic cognition and medical education or practice. In duplicate, authors selected and reviewed empirical studies with a central focus on epistemic cognition and participant samples including medical students or physicians. Independent thematic analysis and consensus procedures were used to identify major findings about epistemic cognition and implications for research and medical education...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050879/using-critical-consciousness-to-inform-health-professions-education-a%C3%A2-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Mark Halman, Lindsay Baker, Stella Ng
PURPOSE: To explore how, in health professions education (HPE), the concept of critical consciousness has been defined and discussed, and to consider and suggest how critical pedagogy could be applied in practice. This exploration responds to increasing calls in the literature for HPE to foster compassionate care and social consciousness through the social sciences and humanities. METHOD: The authors searched Medline/PubMed, ERIC and Web of Science for articles focusing on critical consciousness and/or critical pedagogy involving health professions...
February 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007633/the-go-actiwe-randomized-controlled-trial-an-interdisciplinary-study-designed-to-investigate-the-health-effects-of-active-commuting-and-leisure-time-physical-activity
#18
Mads Rosenkilde, Martin Bæk Petersen, Anne Sofie Gram, Jonas Salling Quist, Jonas Winther, Simon Due Kamronn, Desirée Hornbæk Milling, Jakob Eg Larsen, Astrid Pernille Jespersen, Bente Stallknecht
Regular physical activity is efficacious for improving metabolic health in overweight and obese individuals, yet, many adults lead sedentary lives. Most exercise interventions have targeted leisure time, but physical activity also takes place in other domains of everyday life. Active commuting represents a promising alternative to increase physical activity, but it has yet to be established whether active commuting conveys health benefits on par with leisure time physical activity (LTPA). A 6-month randomized controlled trial was designed to investigate the effects of increased physical activity in transport (bicycling) or leisure time domains (moderate or vigorous intensity endurance exercise)...
December 19, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936262/-a-mental-health-hygiene-experiment-the-case-of-les-pinceaux-d-or
#19
Hubert Wallot
Many research, notably that of Gene Cohen (2007), have shown positive impact of artistic activities for seniors. In 2006 in Quebec City, three professional painters have created a none lucrative organization called Les Pinceaux d'Or (The Golden Brushes). Its mission is to create a positive experience of painting learning in elderly needing persons. The organization operates in long-term health-care facilities or in low-income housings and day centers. It offers free painting courses to elderly persons referred by local community health centers or community organizations as seniors with psychosocial needs...
December 0: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881113/psychotherapy-integration-under-scrutiny-investigating-the-impact-of-integrating-emotion-focused-components-into-a-cbt-based-approach-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Anna Babl, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Sara Heer, Mu Lin, Annabarbara Stähli, Dominique Holstein, Martina Belz, Yvonne Egenolf, Eveline Frischknecht, Fabian Ramseyer, Daniel Regli, Emma Schmied, Christoph Flückiger, Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Franz Caspar
BACKGROUND: This currently recruiting randomized controlled trial investigates the effects of integrating components of Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) into Psychological Therapy (PT), an integrative form of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a manner that is directly mirroring common integrative practice in the sense of assimilative integration. Aims of the study are to understand how both, an existing therapy approach as well as the elements to be integrated, are affected by the integration and to clarify the role of emotional processing as a mediator of therapy outcome...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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