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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134099/assessment-of-owner-directed-aggressive-behavioural-tendencies-of-dogs-in-situations-of-possession-and-manipulation
#1
Anna Bálint, Gabriella Rieger, Ádám Miklósi, Péter Pongrácz
Excessive aggression is a common behaviour problem in dogs that can have various destructive effects on the affected people and the implicated dog. Aggressive behaviour directed towards the owner or other family members is one of the most frequently occurring aggressive phenotypes. Here, we examine the reliability of a short questionnaire assessing aggressive behaviours by two, contextually different behavioural tests: 'take away bone' and 'roll over'. Based on dogs' behaviour in the tests, we sorted dogs (N = 93) in two groups for each test, namely a less and a more disobedient/resistant group...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130134/is-it-possible-to-improve-prognostic-value-of-nccn-ipi-in-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-the-prognostic-significance-of-comorbidities
#2
Darko Antic, Jelena Jelicic, Goran Trajkovic, Milena Todorovic Balint, Jelena Bila, Olivera Markovic, Ivan Petkovic, Vesna Nikolic, Bosko Andjelic, Vladislava Djurasinovic, Aleksandra Sretenovic, Mihailo Smiljanic, Vojin Vukovic, Biljana Mihaljevic
The prognostic value of the International Prognostic Index (IPI) has been re-evaluated in the rituximab-treated diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Accordingly, National Comprehensive Cancer Network-IPI (NCCN-IPI) has been introduced to estimate prognosis of DLBCL patients. However, comorbidities that frequently affect elderly DLBCL patients were not analyzed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of comorbidities using Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) in 962 DLBCL patients...
November 12, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122317/sonographic-and-anatomic-description-of-the-subtalar-joint
#3
Peter Mandl, David Bong, Peter V Balint, Hilde Berner Hammer, Maribel Miguel, Esperanza Naredo, Lene Terslev, Ingrid Möller
Our study provides a detailed anatomic and sonographic description of the subtalar joint, a single joint that, anatomically, is divided into the anterior subtalar joint (ASTJ) and the posterior subtalar joint (PSTJ). Cadaver specimens of the ankle and foot were examined in detail by ultrasound (US), and the subtalar joints of all the specimens were injected with colored latex of a contrasting color under US guidance. Compatible with other studies, examination of the sections revealed lack of communication between the ASTJ and the PSTJ and communication between the PSTJ and the posterior recess of the tibiotalar joint...
November 6, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091000/image-quality-of-prospectively-ecg-triggered-coronary-ct-angiography-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#4
Andrea Bartykowszki, Márton Kolossváry, Ádám Levente Jermendy, Júlia Karády, Bálint Szilveszter, Mihály Károlyi, Orsolya Balogh, Balázs Sax, Béla Merkely, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is among the top causes of death 1 year after heart transplantation (HTx). Coronary CT angiography (CTA) is a potential alternative to invasive imaging in the diagnosis of CAV. However, the higher heart rate (HR) of HTx recipients prompts the use of retrospective ECG-gating, which is associated with higher radiation dose, a major concern in this patient population. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the feasibility and image quality of low-radiation-dose prospectively ECG-triggered coronary CTA in HTx recipients...
November 1, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055269/decision-making-measured-by-the-iowa-gambling-task-in-alcohol-use-disorder-and-gambling-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Ildikó Kovács, Mara J Richman, Zoltán Janka, Aniko Maraz, Bálint Andó
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder (GD) and alcohol use disorder (AD) have similar features, such as elevated impulsivity and decision-making deficits, which are directly linked to relapse and poor therapeutic outcomes. Our aim was to assess decision-making characteristics in GD and AD patients compared to healthy controls (HC) based on one of the most frequently used measures of decision-making: the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). METHODS: In our systematic literature search of three databases, we identified 1198 empirical articles that mentioned decision-making deficits with the use of the IGT in patients diagnosed with either AD or GD...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053777/movement-disorders-with-neuronal-antibodies-syndromic-approach-genetic-parallels-and-pathophysiology
#6
Bettina Balint, Angela Vincent, Hans-Michael Meinck, Sarosh R Irani, Kailash P Bhatia
Movement disorders are a prominent and common feature in many autoantibody-associated neurological diseases, a group of potentially treatable conditions that can mimic infectious, metabolic or neurodegenerative disease. Certain movement disorders are likely to associate with certain autoantibodies; for example, the characteristic dyskinesias, chorea and dystonia associated with NMDAR antibodies, stiff person spectrum disorders with GAD, glycine receptor, amphiphysin or DPPX antibodies, specific paroxysmal dystonias with LGI1 antibodies, and cerebellar ataxia with various anti-neuronal antibodies...
September 25, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036655/mfib-a-repository-of-protein-complexes-with-mutual-folding-induced-by-binding
#7
Erzsébet Fichó, István Reményi, István Simon, Bálint Mészáros
Motivation: It is commonplace that intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are involved in crucial interactions in the living cell. However, the study of protein complexes formed exclusively by IDPs is hindered by the lack of data and such analyses remain sporadic. Systematic studies benefited other types of protein-protein interactions paving a way from basic science to therapeutics; yet these efforts require reliable datasets that are currently lacking for synergistically folding complexes of IDPs...
November 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981247/-the-general-practitioner-confronted-with-aggressive-patients
#8
M Schetgen
The general practitioner is regularly confronted with aggressive patients. He will have to spot the very first signs in order to manage as quickly as possible such a situation. The ideal is to remain calm, to listen actively and to try to understand the cause of the aggressiveness, knowing that it is not always directed against the doctor. Putting limits is also important to avoid situations that could degenerate. The generalist must also be able to share his difficult experiences with his colleagues, among others in the framework of a Balint group...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974179/-designing-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#9
Guido Flatten, Heidi Möller, Jan Aden, Volker Tschuschke
Designing the doctor-patient relationship: How beneficial are Balint groups and for whom? OBJECTIVES: Participation in Balint groups is obligatory for some medical specialist trainings. Yet there is a substantial lack of empirical evidence for Balint group effects. METHODS: 1,460 medical specialists who participated in 352 different Balint groups were investigated using the Balint Group Questionnaire (BG-F) at the end of a Balint group session. Using mixed-model analyses, we examined the predictive value of the independent variables Experience in Balint Groups (in years), Clinical Experience in General (in years), Case Presentation vs...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971392/psychodynamic-leadership-approach-and-leader-member-exchange-lmx-a-psychiatric-perspective-on-two-leadership-theories-and-implications-for-training-future-psychiatrist-leaders
#10
Christos Plakiotis
An increased emphasis in recent years on psychiatrists as healthcare leaders has not only drawn attention to the skills they can bring to this role but has also raised questions about how to best train and prepare them to assume leadership responsibilities. Such training should not be conducted in isolation from, and oblivious to, the wide-ranging expertise in human behaviour and relationships that psychiatrists can bring to the leadership arena. The aim of this theoretical paper is to draw attention to how psychiatrists can use their existing knowledge and skill set to inform their understanding of leadership theory and practice...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956169/clinical-improvement-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis-using-thermal-mineral-water-at-szigetv%C3%A3-r-spa-results-of-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-study
#11
Adrienn Hanzel, Krisztina Horvát, Bálint Molics, Károly Berényi, Balázs Németh, Katalin Szendi, Csaba Varga
Since 1966, Szigetvár in Hungary is well recognised as a thermal spa. Many patients suffering from rheumatic diseases are treated with its thermal mineral water. Our objective was to investigate the effects of a 3-week-long outpatient balneotherapy-based rehabilitation program on patients suffering from osteoarthritis of the hips and the knees. During the treatment period, patients received a 30-min underwater jet massage in a bath tub, five times a week. One patient group received jet massage in a bath tub containing mineral water; the other group received the same treatment in tap water...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934677/evaluation-of-participatory-planning-lessons-from-hungarian-natura-2000-management-planning-processes
#12
Eszter Kovács, Eszter Kelemen, Gabriella Kiss, Ágnes Kalóczkai, Veronika Fabók, Barbara Mihók, Boldizsár Megyesi, György Pataki, Barbara Bodorkós, Bálint Balázs, Györgyi Bela, Katalin Margóczi, Ágnes Roboz, Dániel Molnár
Stakeholder participation in nature conservation policies and especially in the management of protected areas has gained importance in the last decades. These changes are underlined by democratic principles and the perceived contribution of stakeholder involvement to the effectiveness of conservation management. Evaluating participatory processes is essential to learn about the past and thus increase the quality of future processes. The evaluation can be useful for the organisations responsible for planning and management, stakeholders and policy makers as well...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934308/devices-and-tasks-involved-in-the-objective-assessment-of-standing-dynamic-balancing-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Bálint Petró, Alexandra Papachatzopoulou, Rita M Kiss
BACKGROUND: Static balancing assessment is often complemented with dynamic balancing tasks. Numerous dynamic balancing assessment methods have been developed in recent decades with their corresponding balancing devices and tasks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic literature review is to identify and categorize existing objective methods of standing dynamic balancing ability assessment with an emphasis on the balancing devices and tasks being used. DATA SOURCES: Three major scientific literature databases (Science Direct, Web of Science, PLoS ONE) and additional sources were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885747/palladium-catalyzed-2-2-2-trifluoroethoxylation-of-aromatic-and-heteroaromatic-chlorides-utilizing-borate-salt-and-the-synthesis-of-a-trifluoro-analogue-of-sildenafil
#14
Bálint Pethő, Márton Zwillinger, János T Csenki, Anna E Káncz, Balázs Krámos, Judit Müller, György T Balogh, Zoltán Novák
A simple and convenient method was developed for the introduction of a 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy group to various aromatic and heteroaromatic systems. The novel process utilizes aromatic chlorides as substrates, and tetrakis(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) borate salt as an inexpensive and readily available fluoroalkoxy source in a palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction. The power of the developed methodology was demonstrated in the synthesis of a fluorous derivative of Sildenafil.
September 8, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869417/efficacy-of-intensive-hand-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#15
József Horváth, Zsófia Bálint, Erika Szép, Aletta Deiszinger, Tünde Minier, Nelli Farkas, Enikő Török, Éva Horváthné Papp, Dalma Komjáti, Zsuzsanna Mándó, László Czirják, Cecilia Varjú
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a three-week period of complex and intensive hand physical therapy on hand function in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with SSc were treated. Hand stretching exercises, ergotherapy supplemented with thermal and mud baths, whirlpool therapy and soft tissue massage were daily used during a three-week period. The control SSc group (n=22) received similar management for their large joints leaving out their hands...
August 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858493/enantiospecific-solvolytic-functionalization-of-bromochlorides
#16
Alexander J Burckle, Bálint Gál, Frederick J Seidl, Vasil H Vasilev, Noah Z Burns
Herein, we report that under mild solvolytic conditions, enantioenriched bromochlorides can be ionized, stereospecifically cyclized to an array of complex bromocyclic scaffolds, or intermolecularly trapped by exogenous nucleophiles. Mechanistic investigations support an ionic mechanism wherein the bromochloride serves as an enantioenriched bromonium surrogate. Several natural product-relevant motifs are accessed in enantioenriched form for the first time with high levels of stereocontrol, and this technology is applied to the scalable synthesis of a polycyclic brominated natural product...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814430/the-2017-eular-standardised-procedures-for-ultrasound-imaging-in-rheumatology
#17
Ingrid Möller, Iustina Janta, Marina Backhaus, Sarah Ohrndorf, David A Bong, Carlo Martinoli, Emilio Filippucci, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Lene Terslev, Nemanja Damjanov, Hilde Berner Hammer, Iwona Sudol-Szopinska, Walter Grassi, Peter Balint, George A W Bruyn, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Diana Hollander, Heidi J Siddle, Gabriela Supp, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Annamaria Iagnocco, Juhani Koski, David Kane, Daniela Fodor, Alessandra Bruns, Peter Mandl, Gurjit S Kaeley, Mihaela Micu, Carmen Ho, Violeta Vlad, Mario Chávez-López, Georgios Filippou, Carmen Elena Cerón, Rodina Nestorova, Maritza Quintero, Richard Wakefield, Loreto Carmona, Esperanza Naredo
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the European League Against Rheumatism developed and disseminated the first guidelines for musculoskeletal (MS) ultrasound (US) in rheumatology. Fifteen years later, the dramatic expansion of new data on MSUS in the literature coupled with technological developments in US imaging has necessitated an update of these guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To update the existing MSUS guidelines in rheumatology as well as to extend their scope to other anatomic structures relevant for rheumatology...
August 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777893/age-related-vascularization-and-ossification-of-joints-in-children-an-international-pilot-study-to-test-multi-observer-ultrasound-reliability
#18
Daniel Windschall, Paz Collado, Jelena Vojinovic, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Peter Balint, George A W Bruyn, Cristina Hernandez-Diaz, Juan Carlos Nieto, Viviana Ravagnani, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Annamaria Iagnocco, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Esperanza Naredo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the intra- and inter-observer reliability of ultrasound (US)-detected age-related joint vascularization and ossification grading in healthy children. METHODS: Following standardized image acquisition and machine setting protocols, 10 international US experts examined four joints (wrist, second metacarpophalangeal joint, knee, and ankle) in 12 healthy children (divided into four age groups: 2-4, 5-8, 9-12, and 13-16 years). Grey-scale was used to detect the ossification grade, and power Doppler (PD) US was used to detect physiological vascularization...
August 4, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716112/psychosocial-interventions-for-managing-occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-medical-doctors-a-systematic-review
#19
Bonnie A Clough, Sonja March, Raymond J Chan, Leanne M Casey, Rachel Phillips, Michael J Ireland
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among medical doctors and can have adverse effects on patient, doctor, and organisational outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to review and evaluate evidence on psychosocial interventions aimed at reducing occupational stress and burnout among medical doctors. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted for original research articles reporting on psychosocial interventions targeting occupational stress or burnout among medical doctors, published in the English language, and with data collected at a minimum of two time points...
July 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708356/-what-remains-of-our-balints
#20
Régis Marion-Veyron, Konstantinos Tzartzas, Michael Saraga
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays a role in the teaching of the relational aspects of medical practice. This series of three articles offers a critical reflection on this topic and examples of educational programs developed at Lausanne University Hospital. In the Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, an intervention inspired by Balint groups offers to residents in general internal medicine the possibility of working through their clinical experiences and their evolving professional identity...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
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