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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350757/hepatoprotective-effects-of-sophoricoside-against-fructose-induced-liver-injury-via-regulating-lipid-metabolism-oxidation-and-inflammation-in-mice
#1
Wenfeng Li, Yalong Lu
The dried fruit of Sophora japonica L. is a traditional Chinese herb tea rich in sophoricoside that is an isoflavone glycoside. The aim of current study was to investigate the hepatic protective effect of sophoricoside in high fructose (HF) diet fed mice. Healthy male mice were fed 30% fructose water and treated 80 and 160 mg/kg·bw sophoricoside continuously for 8 wk. Our data showed that administration of sophoricoside at 80 and 160 mg/kg·bw observably decreased the body weight and liver weight in HF-fed mice...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348107/report-regional-variation-in-the-chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-from-china-and-the-mediterranean-region
#2
Bing Wang, Ling Ma, Lei Yin, Jing Chen, Yuanbin Zhang, Lin Dong, Xinhui Zhang, Xueyan Fu
Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrubby herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. This herb is now widely cultivated in many regions of the world. Rosemary is widely used in traditional Chinese medicines, foods, nutraceuticals and cosmetics. Hydro distilled essential oils, obtained from rosemary in China and the Mediterranean region, were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty-seven compounds accounting for 94.97%-99.72% of the oils were identified. The majority of the compounds in the essential oils exhibited no significant differences (table 1 and fig...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345255/pure-mechanistic-analysis-of-additive-neuroprotective-effects-between-baicalin-and-jasminoidin-in-ischemic-stroke-mice
#3
Peng-Qian Wang, Qiong Liu, Wen-Juan Xu, Ya-Nan Yu, Ying-Ying Zhang, Bing Li, Jun Liu, Zhong Wang
Both baicalin (BA) and jasminoidin (JA) are active ingredients in Chinese herb medicine Scutellaria baicalensis and Fructus gardeniae, respectively. They have been shown to exert additive neuroprotective action in ischemic stroke models. In this study we used transcriptome analysis to explore the pure therapeutic mechanisms of BA, JA and their combination (BJ) contributing to phenotype variation and reversal of pathological processes. Mice with middle cerebral artery obstruction were treated with BA, JA, their combination (BJ), or concha margaritifera (CM)...
January 18, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344421/anti-aging-implications-of-astragalus-membranaceus-huangqi-a-well-known-chinese-tonic
#4
REVIEW
Ping Liu, Haiping Zhao, Yumin Luo
Owing to a dramatic increase in average life expectancy and the Family Planning program of the 1970s - 1990s, China is rapidly becoming an aging society. Therefore, the investigation of healthspan-extending drugs becomes more urgent. Astragalus membranaceus (Huangqi) is a major medicinal herb that has been commonly used in many herbal formulations in the practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat a wide variety of diseases and body disorders, or marketed as life-prolonging extracts for human use in China, for more than 2000 years...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344420/the-effects-of-baicalin-and-baicalein-on-cerebral-ischemia-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Wei Liang, Xiaobo Huang, Wenqiang Chen
Ischemic stroke, producing a high mortality and morbidity rate, is a common clinical disease. Enhancing the prevention and control of ischemic stroke is particularly important. Baicalin and its aglycon baicalein are flavonoids extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis, an important traditional Chinese herb. In recent years, a growing body of evidences has shown that baicalin and baicalein could be effective in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Pharmacokinetic studies have shown that baicalin could penetrate the blood-brain barrier and distribute in cerebral nuclei...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344419/dendrobium-sources-of-active-ingredients-to-treat-age-related-pathologies
#6
REVIEW
Veronika Cakova, Frederic Bonte, Annelise Lobstein
Dendrobium represents one of the most important orchid genera, ornamentally and medicinally. Dendrobiums are sympodial epiphytic plants, which is a name they are worthy of, the name coming from Greek origin: "dendros", tree, and "bios", life. Dendrobium species have been used for a thousand years as first-rate herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). They are source of tonic, astringent, analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory substances, and have been traditionally used as medicinal herbs in the treatment of a variety of disorders, such as, nourishing the stomach, enhancing production of body fluids or nourishing Yin...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344417/the-effect-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-on-neural-stem-cell-proliferation-and-differentiation
#7
REVIEW
Wei Qin, Shiya Chen, Shasha Yang, Qian Xu, Chuanshan Xu, Jing Cai
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are special types of cells with the potential for self-renewal and multi-directional differentiation. NSCs are regulated by multiple pathways and pathway related transcription factors during the process of proliferation and differentiation. Numerous studies have shown that the compound medicinal preparations, single herbs, and herb extracts in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have specific roles in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs. In this study, we investigate the markers of NSCs in various stages of differentiation, the related pathways regulating the proliferation and differentiation, and the corresponding transcription factors in the pathways...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344416/lycium-barbarum-a-traditional-chinese-herb-and-a-promising-anti-aging-agent
#8
REVIEW
Yanjie Gao, Yifo Wei, Yuqing Wang, Fang Gao, Zhigang Chen
Lycium barbarum has been used in China for more than 2,000 years as a traditional medicinal herb and food supplement. Lycium barbarum contains abundant Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBPs), betaine, phenolics, carotenoids (zeaxanthin and β-carotene), cerebroside, 2-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2βG), β-sitosterol, flavonoids and vitamins (in particular, riboflavin, thiamine, and ascorbic acid). LBPs are the primary active components of Lycium barbarum. In this review, we discuss the pharmacological activities of LBPs and other major components...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344413/therapeutic-potential-and-cellular-mechanisms-of-panax-notoginseng-on-prevention-of-aging-and-cell-senescence-associated-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Haiping Zhao, Ziping Han, Guangwen Li, Sijia Zhang, Yumin Luo
Owing to a dramatic increase in average life expectancy, most countries in the world are rapidly entering an aging society. Therefore, extending health span with pharmacological agents targeting aging-related pathological changes, are now in the spotlight of gerosciences. Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen, a species of the genus Panax, has been called the "Miracle Root for the Preservation of Life," and has long been used as a Chinese herb with magical medicinal value. Panax notoginseng has been extensively employed in China to treat microcirculatory disturbances, inflammation, trauma, internal and external bleeding due to injury, and as a tonic...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344222/herbal-compound-teng-long-bu-zhong-tang-inhibits-metastasis-in-human-rko-colon-carcinoma
#10
Meng-Meng Wei, Shuang-Shuang Wang, Jia-Lu Zheng, Jin-Jun Chen, Xia Yan, Hong-Mei An, Bing Hu
Metastasis is one of the primary obstacles to the successful treatment of colorectal cancer. Teng-Long-Bu-Zhong-Tang (TLBZT) is a modern Chinese herbal formula that may be useful in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. The present study evaluated the effects of TLBZT on lung metastasis in human RKO colon carcinoma cells injected into mice via the tail vein. The results demonstrated that TLBZT inhibited the metastasis of human RKO colon carcinoma cells to the lungs. TLBZT downregulated the expression of LOX and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342961/effects-of-salt-stress-on-plant-growth-antioxidant-capacity-glandular-trichome-density-and-volatile-exudates-of-schizonepeta-tenuifolia-briq
#11
Ying Zhou, Nanyu Tang, Lijin Huang, Yongjuan Zhao, Xiaoqing Tang, Kangcai Wang
Salinity is a major abiotic factor affecting plant growth and secondary metabolism. However, no information is available about its effects on Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq., a traditional Chinese herb. Here, we investigated the changes of plant growth, antioxidant capacity, glandular trichome density, and volatile exudates of S. tenuifolia exposed to salt stress (0, 25, 50, 75, 100 mM NaCl). Results showed that its dry biomass was reduced by salt treatments except 25 mM NaCl. Contents of antioxidants, including phenolics and flavonoids, increased at low (25 mM) or moderate (50 mM) levels, but declined at severe (75 and 100 mM) levels...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334999/the-plant-alkaloid-tetrandrine-inhibits-metastasis-via-autophagy-dependent-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-and-metastatic-tumor-antigen-1-signaling-in-human-liver-cancer-cells
#12
Zhenxing Zhang, Ting Liu, Man Yu, Kangdi Li, Wenhua Li
BACKGROUND: Tetrandrine is a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Stephania tetrandra S. Moore. We previously demonstrated that tetrandrine exhibits potent antitumor effects in many types of cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of tetrandrine on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis. METHODS: The invasion and migration effects were evaluated via wound healing and transwell assays. Immunofluorescence and western blotting analyses were used to investigate the levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related protein...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334801/bu-shen-yi-qi-formula-impairs-cytotoxicity-of-nk-cells-by-up-regulating-ido-expression-in-trophoblasts
#13
Shao-Liang Yang, Tian-Tian Niu, Xue-Lian Li, Da-Jin Li, Ming-Qing Li, Hai-Yan Wang
Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is a common health problem that affects about 5% of fertile women, when it occurs for unknown reasons, it is called unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Traditional Chinese medicine, such as Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi formula which consists of Dangshen, Tusizi, Baizhu, Baishuo, Duzhong, Sangjisheng, Sugeng, and Tiaohuangqin, has played an invaluable role in the treatment of RSA since ancient times. However, the mechanism of how it takes effect is still not clear. To identify Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi formula could modulate immune condition at maternal-fetal interface via its effect on trophoblasts, HTR-8 of different treatment were co-cultured with peripheral or decidual natural killer (NK) cells, and the receptors such as NKP30 and NKP46 expression on NK cells were measured by flow cytometry (FCM)...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334256/differential-content-of-secondary-metabolites-in-diploid-and-tetraploid-cytotypes-of-siegesbeckia-orientalis-l
#14
Saroj Kumar Pradhan, Raghbir Chand Gupta, Rajesh Kumar Goel
Siegesbeckia orientalis L. is an annual herb widely distributed throughout the world and has many medicinal properties. In Chinese traditional system, it is popularly known as Xi-Xian and used for its anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, two cytotypes (diploid and tetraploid) have been investigated for their secondary metabolites. The different plant parts have been explored in terms of total phenolics, total flavonoids, DPPH radical scavenging acitivity and total antioxidant capacity. Out of different plant parts, leaves have the maximum amount of secondary metabolites and antioxidant potential...
January 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328398/synergistic-antitumor-effect-of-brusatol-combined-with-cisplatin-on-colorectal-cancer-cells
#15
Hai-Ming Chen, Zheng-Quan Lai, Hui-Jun Liao, Jian-Hui Xie, Yan-Fang Xian, Yun-Long Chen, Siu-Po Ip, Zhi-Xiu Lin, Zi-Ren Su
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and life‑threatening type of malignant cancer, which is associated with a high mortality rate. Cisplatin (CDDP) is a commonly used chemotherapy drug with significant side effects. Brusatol (BR) is one of the principal chemical compounds isolated from the Chinese herb Bruceae Fructus, which has been reported to markedly inhibit the proliferation of numerous cancer cell lines. The present study aimed to investigate the possible synergistic anticancer effects of CDDP combined with BR on CT‑26 cells, and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of action...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327548/-research-of-tcm-synthetic-rehabilitation-on-the-recovery-of-wrist-joint-after-distal-radius-fractures
#16
Yong Zhao, Qing-Qing Dong, Wei-Kai Qin, An Yan, Kuan Zhang, Guo-Dong Zhao, Gang Wang, Jin-Chao Geng, Zhan-Feng Wang, Ze-Ming Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and advantages of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) synthetic rehabilitation therapy in the treatment of wrist dysfunction after distal radius fractures. METHODS: From May 2014 to October 2015, 72 patients with distal radius fracture meeting standards were treated using central randomization system for clinical research. All the patients were divided into two groups: 36 patients in test group and 36 in control group. Sixty-nine cases were finished treatment and followed up in the end...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327395/effects-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-on-ruminal-fermentation-enzyme-activities-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-beef-cattle
#17
Zhi Zhu, Zhen-Hui Song, Li-Ting Cao, Yong Wang, Wen-Zhang Zhou, Pei Zhou, Fu-Yuan Zuo
This study was conducted to evaluate effects of traditional Chinese medicine formula (TCMF) combined with several herbs on ruminal fermentation, enzyme activities and nutrient digestibility. Twenty finishing bulls were assigned to control or different TCMFs (Yufeisan-1, -2, -3; 2.5% dry matter (DM) in concentrate). Results showed that DM intake was higher (P < 0.05) in the Yufeisan-3 group than others. Compared to control, apparent digestibility of crude protein and neutral detergent fiber were increased (P < 0...
January 12, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324310/25-hydroxyl-protopanaxatriol-protects-against-h2o2-induced-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-injury-via-pi3k-akt-pathway-and-apoptotic-protein-down-regulation
#18
Zhihao Wang, Guangyue Su, Zhiguo Zhang, Han Dong, Yuehui Wang, Huiying Zhao, Yuqing Zhao, Qi Sun
Oxidative stress injury and apoptosis are the main mechanisms of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MI/RI). Compounds with anti-oxidant properties can treat MI/RI. Therefore, identification of natural antioxidants such as herbs or botanical drugs is an ideal strategy to develop safe and effective anti-MI/RI drugs. Cardioprotective effects of Ginseng are well documented and are attributable to its anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorigenic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-ischemic properties. Ginseng monomer 20®-dammarane -3 beta,6 alpha,12 beta,20,25-pentol(25-hydroxyl-Protopanaxatriol,25-OH-PPT), a novel compound, which belongs to panaxatriol category, is extracted from the leaves and stem of ginseng...
January 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322864/effects-of-danshen-tablets-on-pharmacokinetics-of-atorvastatin-calcium-in-rats-and-its-potential-mechanism
#19
Sen Sun, Rong Wang, Jie Fan, Guoqing Zhang, Hai Zhang
CONTEXT: Danshen tablets (DST), an effective traditional Chinese multi-herbal formula, are often combined with atorvastatin calcium (AC) for treating coronary heart disease in the clinic. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of DST on the pharmacokinetics of AC and the potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacokinetics of AC (1 mg/kg) with or without pretreatment of DST (100 mg/kg) were investigated using LC-MS/MS...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322587/growth-rings-in-roots-of-medicinal-perennial-dicotyledonous-herbs-from-temperate-and-subtropical-zones-in-china
#20
Shanshan Chu, Lingling Tan, Chanchan Liu, Huasheng Peng, Haiyan Duan, Luqi Huang
Growth years are closely related to the quality of Chinese medicinal materials, and they can provide a reliable basis for quality evaluation on crude drugs in accordance with the suitable growth years. Herbchronology, the numerical and pattern analysis of annual growth rings in herbaceous perennials, has emerged to be a recognized science that is applied in age determination of perennial forbs. Fifty medicinal species growing in temperate and subtropical zones of China were examined by microstructure observation to determine the presence of growth rings in the secondary root xylem of medicinal perennial dicotyledonous herbs...
January 11, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
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