Read by QxMD icon Read

Chinese herbs

Jingxiao Wang, Xinjie Yang, Haibo Han, Limin Wang, Weiqian Bao, Shanshan Wang, Robert M Hoffman, Meng Yang, Hui Qi, Chao An, Kaiwen Hu
Objective: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly invasive and metastatic, which is in urgent need of transformative therapeutics. Tubeimu (TBM), the rhizome of Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim.) Franquet, is one of the Chinese medicinal herbs used for breast diseases since the ancient times. The present study evaluated the efficacy, especially the anti-metastatic effects of the dichloromethane extract of Tubeimu (ETBM) on TNBC orthotopic mouse models and cell lines. Methods: We applied real-time imaging on florescent orthotopic TNBC mice model and tested cell migration and invasion abilities with MDA-MB-231 cell line...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Xiaobo Wang, Yinan Wang, Ronggang Xi, Yuanyuan Wang, Xiaobo Yang
The optimization of process parameters of spray-dried powder containing fanhuncaoin, a newly discovered antiinflammatorily active phenolic acid isolated from Chinese herb, was conducted using response surface methodology (RSM). The experimental results were fitted into partial cubic polynomial model to describe and predict the response quality in terms of the final angle of repose, aerodynamic diameter, respirable fraction (RF) and yield. The recommended optimum spray-drying parameters for development of fanhuncaoin powder with optimum quality were 110 °C inlet temperature, 0...
March 15, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Jia-Bo Wang, Yun Zhu, Zhao-Fang Bai, Fu-Sheng Wang, Xiu-Hui Li, Xiao-He Xiao
Herb-induced liver injury (HILI) is a type of adverse drug reactions related to using Chinese medicine (CM) or herbal medicine (HM), and is now a growing segment of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) worldwide. Owing to the complicated compositions and miscellaneous risk factors associated with the clinical usage of CM or HM, it is more challenging to diagnose and manage HILI than DILI. In the present guideline issued by the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM), the authors present an evidence chain-based workflow with 9 structured judgment criteria for diagnosing HILI...
March 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Weiqing Qian, Yan Su, Yajie Zhang, Nianwei Yao, Nin Gu, Xu Zhang, Hong Yin
Osteoporosis is a serious public health problem and icariin (ICA) is the active component of the Epimedium sagittatum, a traditional Chinese medicinal herb. The present study aimed to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of ICA as a potential therapy for osteoporosis. Calvaria osteoblasts were isolated from newborn rats and treated with ICA. Cell viability, apoptosis, alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium deposition were analyzed. Bioinformatics analyses were performed to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in response to ICA treatment...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wensheng Zhang, Wanzhuo He, Xiaodong Shi, Xiao Li, Yuanyuan Wang, Minghua Hu, Fangli Ma, Ning Tao, Guiqin Wang, Zhihai Qin
Despite decades of research, malignant tumors are extremely difficult to eliminate with conventional methods. Although surgical resection potentially eradicates the problem, only a few cases are suitable for operation, and other approaches often involve harmful consequences. Revolutionary methods are desperately needed to improve patient outcomes and diminish harmful side effects. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), downregulators of the innate and adaptive immune systems, have been widely studied over the past 2 decades...
March 13, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Te-Mao Li, Chi-Fung Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Chih-Ho Lai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Due to the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV/AIDS is now regarded as a treatable chronic disease. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is a type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that has been widely applied in the healthcare system in Taiwan. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of use and patterns of prescription for the CHM-based treatment of HIV-infected patients and to assess the long-term effects of CHM on hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular disease events in these patients...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yangyang Xu, Hao Cai, Gang Cao, Yu Duan, Ke Pei, Sicong Tu, Jia Zhou, Li Xie, Dongdong Sun, Jiayu Zhao, Jing Liu, Xiaoqi Wang, Lin Shen
Baizhu Shaoyao San (BSS) is a famous traditional Chinese medicinal formula widely used for the treatment of painful diarrhea, intestinal inflammation, and diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. According to clinical medication, three medicinal herbs (Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Alba, and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium) included in BSS must be processed using some specific methods of stir-frying. On the basis of the classical theories of traditional Chinese medicine, the therapeutic effects of BSS would be significantly enhanced after processing...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Zhao Xiaoxiong, Wang Junmei, Song Yujun, Xinhua Chen
A new methodology has been developed with conjugating nanoparticles (NPs) with an active ingredient of Chinese herbs for nanomedicines with auto-targeting and enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for liver cancer therapy. Fe@Fe3 O4 NPs are first synthesized via the programmed microfluidic process, whose surfaces are first modified with -NH2 groups using a silane coupling technique that uses (3-aminopropyl) trimethoxysilane (APTMS) as the coupling reagent and are subsequently activated by the bifunctional amine-active cross-linker (e...
March 12, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Jiang Li, Caili Li, Shanfa Lu
Cytosine DNA methylation is highly conserved epigenetic modification involved in a wide range of biological processes in eukaryotes. It was established and maintained by cytosine-5 DNA methyltransferases (C5-MTases) in plants. Through genome-wide identification, eight putative SmC5-MTase genes were identified from the genome of Salvia miltiorrhiza , a well-known traditional Chinese medicine material and an emerging model medicinal plant. Based on conserved domains and phylogenetic analysis, eight SmC5-MTase genes were divided into four subfamilies, including MET , CMT , DRM and DNMT2 ...
2018: PeerJ
Nating Zhang, Chen Cheng, Olajide E Olaleye, Yan Sun, Li Li, Yuhong Huang, Feifei Du, Junling Yang, Fengqing Wang, Yanhong Shi, Fang Xu, Yanfen Li, Qi Wen, Naixia Zhang, Chuan Li
XueBiJing, an injectable five-herb preparation, has been incorporated into routine sepsis care in China. Phthalides, originating from XueBiJing's component herbs Ligusticum chuanxiong rhizomes and Angelica sinensis roots, are believed to contribute to its therapeutic effects due to their presence in the preparation and antisepsis-related properties. This study aimed to identify potential therapeutic phthalides that are bioavailable to act on XueBiJing's therapeutic targets and that could serve as pharmacokinetic markers to supplement classical biomarkers for sepsis care...
March 9, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Hongbing Zhang, Xin Wu, Jun Xu, Suxiao Gong, Yanqi Han, Tiejun Zhang, Changxiao Liu
BACKGROUND: According to the compatibility theory, therapeutic effects of Chinese medicine prescription are generally attributed to the synergism of multi-herbs. Quality-markers, as the crucial effective components, play a key role in the interaction of compatibility. Pharmacokinetic studies could illustrate the interaction between multiple components in dynamics perspective. PURPOSE: This study aims to establish a rapid, reliable and sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of corydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, protopine, imperatorin and isoimperatorin (quality-markers of Yuanhu Zhitong prescription) in rat plasma, and then applied to the comparative pharmacokinetic study for clearing the interaction of compatibility in Yuanhu Zhitong prescription...
February 21, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Ruijuan Zhou, Hongjiu Chen, Junpeng Chen, Xuemei Chen, Yu Wen, Leqin Xu
BACKGROUND: Astragalus membranaceus (AM) is a commonly used herb in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has been used as an essential tonic to treat various diseases for more than 2000 years. In this study, we aimed to investigate the biological effects of extract from AM on breast cancer cell and its mechanism. METHODS: To prepare the extract, dried AM were ground and extracted with water extraction-ethanol supernatant method. Then the main isoflavones in the extract was detect by HPLC analysis...
March 9, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Qinhai Ma, Qingtian Yu, Xuefeng Xing, Sinian Liu, Chunyu Shi, Jiabo Luo
The San Wu Huangqin Decoction (SWHD), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, is used to treat colds caused by exposure to wind-pathogen, hyperpyrexia, infectious diseases and cancer; moreover, it is used for detoxification. The individual herbs of SWHD, such as Sophora flavescens and Scutellaria baicalensis , exhibit a wide spectrum of antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancer and other properties. The Chinese compound formula of SWHD is composed of S. flavescens, S. baicalensis and Rehmannia glutinosa ...
March 9, 2018: Viruses
Qiang Wang, Jian Mo, Chenchen Zhao, Kangmao Huang, Mingxuan Feng, Wenxin He, Jiying Wang, Shuai Chen, Zi'ang Xie, Jianjun Ma, Shunwu Fan
Bone metastasis is a severe complication of advanced breast cancer, resulting in osteolysis and increased mortality in patients. Raddeanin A (RA), isolated from traditional Chinese herbs, is an oleanane-type triterpenoid saponin with anticancer potential. In this study, we investigated the effects of RA in breast cancer-induced osteolysis and elucidated the possible mechanisms involved in this process. We first verified that RA could suppress osteoclast formation and bone resorption in vitro. Next, we confirmed that RA suppressed Ti-particle-induced osteolysis in a mouse calvarial model, possibly through inhibition of the SRC/AKT signaling pathway...
March 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
She-Fang Huang, Shu-Chen Chu, Yi-Hsien Hsieh, Pei-Ni Chen, Yih-Shou Hsieh
Cancer metastasis is a vital trait in malignancies with complicated early diagnosis and therapeutic management. Therefore, the development of new remedies and the utilization of natural medicines that target metastasis are of great interest and have been studied extensively. Chinese medicinal herbs have various anti-carcinogenesis properties; however, the in vitro effect and mechanism of Viola yedoensis on cancer cell metastasis remains poorly understood. V. yedoensis extracts (VYE) can suppress the invasion of a highly metastatic human lung cancer cell line, A549 cells...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Cuihua Chen, Zixiu Liu, Lisi Zou, Xunhong Liu, Chuan Chai, Hui Zhao, Ying Yan, Chengcheng Wang
Apocyni Veneti Folium (AVF) is a kind of staple traditional Chinese medicine with vast clinical consumption because of its positive effects. However, due to the habitats and adulterants, its quality is uneven. To control the quality of this medicinal herb, in this study, the quality of AVF was evaluated based on simultaneous determination of multiple bioactive constituents combined with multivariate statistical analysis. A reliable method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of a total of 43 constituents, including 15 flavonoids, 6 organic acids, 13 amino acids, and 9 nucleosides in 41 Luobumaye samples from different habitats and commercial herbs...
March 3, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Zhihu Zhao, Xinlong Ma, Jianxiong Ma, Xiaolei Sun, Fengbo Li, Jianwei Lv
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been shown to be involved in the process of physiological neovascularization in vivo. Because increasing evidence has indicated that naringin, a major active ingredient in the Chinese herb Drynaria fortunei, can promote angiogenesis and inhibit endothelial cell apoptosis, our study was designed to determine the role of naringin in EPC proliferation and tube formation capacity and examine the potential mechanism for these effects. EPCs were isolated from bone marrow and treated with naringin...
March 3, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
H Yong, T Ning, C Qiang, L I Chao-Pin
Objective To observe the external morphology of Lepidoglyphus destructor hypopus under an optical microscope. Methods The samples were collected in a store of Chinese medicinal herbs in Huainan City in September, 2016, the L. destructor and the hypopus were isolated, and then made of slide specimens. The slide samples were prepared and observed under an optical microscope. Results The L. destructor hypopus and protonymph were found. The inactive hypopus was oval in shape, the feet were not welldeveloped, there was a distinct transverse seam on its back, and there were 2 pairs of genital sensory organs...
July 3, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Xiao-Qin Wang, Lan Wang, Yuan-Chao Tu, Yuan Clare Zhang
Refractory nephrotic syndrome (RNS) is an immune-related kidney disease with poor clinical outcomes. Standard treatments include corticosteroids as the initial therapy and other immunosuppressants as second-line options. A substantial proportion of patients with RNS are resistant to or dependent on immunosuppressive drugs and often experience unremitting edema and proteinuria, cycles of remission and relapse, and/or serious adverse events due to long-term immunosuppression. Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history of treating complicated kidney diseases and holds great potential for providing effective treatments for RNS...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Shi-Man Gao, Jiu-Shi Liu, Min Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Yao-Dong Qi, Ben-Gang Zhang, Xiao-Bo Sun, Hai-Tao Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Species of the genus Codonopsis are perennial herbs mainly distributed throughout East, Southeast and Central Asia. As recorded, they have been used as traditional Chinese medicines since the Qing Dynasty, where they were claimed for strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, as well as nourishing blood and engendering liquid. Some species are also used as food materials in southern China and Southeast Asia, such as tea, wine, soup, plaster, and porridge...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"