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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922141/towards-an-in-plane-methodology-to-track-breast-lesions-by-using-mammograms-and-patient-specific-finite-element-simulations
#1
Andres Lapuebla-Ferri, Jose Cegoñino-Banzo, Antonio-Jose Jimenez-Mocholi, Amaya Perez Del Palomar
In breast cancer screening or diagnosis, it is usual to combine different images in order to locate a lesion as accurately as possible. These images are generated by using a single or several imaging techniques. As X-ray based mammography is used widespread, a breast lesion is located in the same plane of the image (mammogram), but tracking of a breast lesion across mammograms corresponding to different views is a daring task for medical physicians. According to this, simulation tools and methodologies that use patient-specific numerical models can facilitate the task of fusing information from different images...
September 18, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921446/can-a-novel-icu-data-display-positively-affect-patient-outcomes-and-save-lives
#2
Natalia Olchanski, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Ing C Tiong, Craig E Daniels, Steve G Peters, John C O'Horo, Michelle N Gong
The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of ProCCESs AWARE, Ambient Clinical Analytics, Rochester, MN, a novel acute care electronic medical record interface, on a range of care process and patient health outcome metrics in intensive care units (ICUs). ProCCESs AWARE is a novel acute care EMR interface that contains built-in tools for error prevention, practice surveillance, decision support and reporting. We compared outcomes before and after AWARE implementation using a prospective cohort and a historical control...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919795/type-2-diabetes-in-vietnam-a-cross-sectional-prevalence-based-cost-of-illness-study
#3
Nguyen Tu Dang Le, Luyen Dinh Pham, Trung Quang Vo
BACKGROUND: According to the International Diabetes Federation, total global health care expenditures for diabetes tripled between 2003 and 2013 because of increases in the number of people with diabetes as well as in the average expenditures per patient. This study aims to provide accurate and timely information about the economic impacts of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Vietnam. METHOD: The cost-of-illness estimates followed a prospective, prevalence-based approach from the societal perspective of T2DM with 392 selected diabetic patients who received treatment from a public hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, during the 2016 fiscal year...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919707/quantum-mechanics-implementation-in-drug-design-workflows-does-it-really-help
#4
REVIEW
Olayide A Arodola, Mahmoud Es Soliman
The pharmaceutical industry is progressively operating in an era where development costs are constantly under pressure, higher percentages of drugs are demanded, and the drug-discovery process is a trial-and-error run. The profit that flows in with the discovery of new drugs has always been the motivation for the industry to keep up the pace and keep abreast with the endless demand for medicines. The process of finding a molecule that binds to the target protein using in silico tools has made computational chemistry a valuable tool in drug discovery in both academic research and pharmaceutical industry...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919602/comparative-study-of-cytology-and-histopathology-of-cervical-lesion-in-via-positive-patients-and-its-correlation-with-high-risk-human-papilloma-virus
#5
N P Ansari, F M Saleh, S M Shahida, E N Rahman
Cervical cancer is the second most frequent type of cancer and leading cause of mortality among women worldwide. The present study was undertaken to assess precancerous and cancerous cervical lesion by cytology as well as HPV DNA identification and their comparison with histopathology in VIA positive cases. This descriptive, cross-sectional type of observational study was carried out in the Department of Pathology, Mymensingh Medical College in collaboration with the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital and Department of Microbiology and Hygiene in Bangladesh Agriculture University for HPV DNA detection from July 2012 to June 2013...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918956/healthcare-utilization-and-expenditures-for-united-states-medicare-beneficiaries-with-systemic-vasculitis
#6
Carolyn T Thorpe, Joshua M Thorpe, Tao Jiang, Dylan Atkinson, Yihuang Kang, Loren J Schleiden, Delesha M Carpenter, Julie Anne G McGregor, Susan L Hogan
OBJECTIVE: The Medicare federal insurance program is the most common United States insurer of patients with systemic vasculitis (SV). We compared healthcare utilization and expenditures for Medicare beneficiaries with versus without SV. METHODS: This national, retrospective study used 2010 claims and enrollment data for a 100% cohort of Medicare Part A and B beneficiaries with ≥1 claim including a diagnosis for a form of SV (n = 176,498), and a randomly selected group of non-SV beneficiaries (n = 46,561)...
August 10, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918428/modification-of-cardiovascular-pharmacotherapy-in-palliative-care-patients-with-cancer-narrative-review
#7
Tomasz Pasierski
Palliative care cancer patients are treated with many drugs especially at the end of life. Limiting of polypharmacy a decreases the risk of associated adverse effects, medical errors and harmful drug interactions The time lag to benefit of many medications used for cardiovascular diseases or risk factors like hypertension, hypercholesterolemia is frequently longer than palliative care cancer patient's life expectancy. It is ethically appropriate to modify, even to discontinue cardiovascular pharmacotherapy when there is no prospect of benefit...
September 13, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916249/diagnostic-errors-impact-of-an-educational-intervention-on-pediatric-primary-care
#8
Julianne Nemes Walsh, Margaret Knight, A James Lee
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of our study was to determine the impact of an educational program on a provider's knowledge related to diagnostic errors and diagnostic reasoning strategies. METHODS: A quasi-experimental interventional study with a multimedia approach, case study discussion, and trigger-generated medical record review at two time points was conducted. Measurement tools included a test developed by the National Patient Safety Foundation, Reducing Diagnostic Errors: Strategies for Solutions Quiz, additional diagnostic reasoning questions, and a trigger-generated process to analyze medical records...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915950/improving-team-performance-through-simulation-based-learning
#9
REVIEW
Mark S Volk
American health care is facing an epidemic of medical errors. A major cause of these errors is poor teamwork. Crisis resource management (CRM) is a set of teamwork principles derived from the airline industry. Medical simulation is an educational tool that affords health care providers a means of improving teamwork by learning and practicing CRM. This article (1) discusses the case for teaching team training, (2) reviews the principles of medical simulation as they pertain to team training, (3) provides practical guidelines for using medical simulation in otolaryngology education, (4) discusses current evidence for the efficacy of medical simulation...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915948/the-economics-of-surgical-simulation
#10
REVIEW
Noel Jabbour, Carl H Snyderman
There are massive hidden costs in the current paradigm of surgical training related to increased operative times for procedures with resident involvement and costs of medical errors. Shifting procedural training outside of the operating room through use of simulation has the potential to improve patient safety, minimize learning time to achieve competency, and increase operative efficiency. Investment in surgical simulation has the potential to reduce costs to health care systems through improved operating room efficiency and reduction of medical errors...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915156/a-risk-calculator-using-preoperative-opioids-for-prediction-of-total-knee-revision-arthroplasty
#11
Jordan Starr, Irene Rozet, Alon Ben-Ari
OBJECTIVES: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a procedure to improve quality of life. However, some patients require early total knee revision (TKR). Chronic opioid use before TKA is associated with TKR. No risk calculator including opioid use or other risk factors is currently available for predicting TKR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of Veterans Affairs patients who underwent TKA from January 1, 2006 to January 1, 2012. Patients were followed until January 1, 2013...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915106/making-sense-of-a-haemolysis-monitoring-and-reporting-system-a-nationwide-longitudinal-multimethod-study-of-68-australian-laboratory-participant-organisations
#12
Ling Li, Elia Vecellio, Stephanie Gay, Rebecca Lake, Mark Mackay, Leslie Burnett, Douglas Chesher, Stephen Braye, Tony Badrick, Johanna I Westbrook, Andrew Georgiou
BACKGROUND: The key incident monitoring and management systems (KIMMS) quality assurance program monitors incidents in the pre- and postanalytical phases of testing in medical laboratories. Haemolysed specimens have been found to be the most frequent preanalytical error and have major implications for patient care. The aims of this study were to assess the suitability of KIMMS for quality reporting of haemolysis and to devise a meaningful method for reporting and monitoring haemolysis...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914984/hypercalcemic-disorders-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Victoria J Stokes, Morten F Nielsen, Fadil M Hannan, Rajesh V Thakker
Hypercalcemia is defined as a serum calcium concentration that is greater than 2 standard deviations above the normal mean, which in children may vary with age and sex, reflecting changes in the normal physiology at each developmental stage. Hypercalcemic disorders in children may present with hypotonia, poor feeding, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, lethargy, polyuria, dehydration, failure to thrive and seizures. In severe cases renal failure, pancreatitis and reduced consciousness may also occur and older children and adolescents may present with psychiatric symptoms...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914767/feasibility-of-equivalent-dipole-models-for-electroencephalogram-based-brain-computer-interfaces
#14
Paul H Schimpf
This article examines the localization errors of equivalent dipolar sources inverted from the surface electroencephalogram in order to determine the feasibility of using their location as classification parameters for non-invasive brain computer interfaces. Inverse localization errors are examined for two head models: a model represented by four concentric spheres and a realistic model based on medical imagery. It is shown that the spherical model results in localization ambiguity such that a number of dipolar sources, with different azimuths and varying orientations, provide a near match to the electroencephalogram of the best equivalent source...
September 15, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914227/a-system-analysis-of-delay-in-outpatient-respiratory-equipment-delivery
#15
Sheila Kun, Gregory Placencia, Sally Davidson Ward, Thomas Keens
OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess barriers delaying home respiratory equipment requisition and to evaluate for temporal correlation between delays and emergency room or hospitalization episodes. BACKGROUND: Initiation of home respiratory treatments is delayed because of delays in delivery of durable medical equipment (DME). This study assesses root causes of such delays from a system perspective. We also describe clinical consequences by measuring emergency room visits and hospitalization days for temporal correlations...
December 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912142/pioneering-pharmacist-and-medication-errors-researcher-kenneth-n-barker-dies-at-age-80
#16
Cheryl A Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910404/accuracy-of-cited-facts-in-medical-research-articles-a-review-of-study-methodology-and-recalculation-of-quotation-error-rate
#17
Scott A Mogull
Previous reviews estimated that approximately 20 to 25% of assertions cited from original research articles, or "facts," are inaccurately quoted in the medical literature. These reviews noted that the original studies were dissimilar and only began to compare the methods of the original studies. The aim of this review is to examine the methods of the original studies and provide a more specific rate of incorrectly cited assertions, or quotation errors, in original research articles published in medical journals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910397/a-three-dimensional-strain-measurement-method-in-elastic-transparent-materials-using-tomographic-particle-image-velocimetry
#18
Azuma Takahashi, Sara Suzuki, Yusuke Aoyama, Mitsuo Umezu, Kiyotaka Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: The mechanical interaction between blood vessels and medical devices can induce strains in these vessels. Measuring and understanding these strains is necessary to identify the causes of vascular complications. This study develops a method to measure the three-dimensional (3D) distribution of strain using tomographic particle image velocimetry (Tomo-PIV) and compares the measurement accuracy with the gauge strain in tensile tests. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The test system for measuring 3D strain distribution consists of two cameras, a laser, a universal testing machine, an acrylic chamber with a glycerol water solution for adjusting the refractive index with the silicone, and dumbbell-shaped specimens mixed with fluorescent tracer particles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906432/total-power-radiometer-for-medical-sensor-applications-using-matched-and-mismatched-noise-sources
#19
Woojin Park, Jinho Jeong
This paper presents a simple total power radiometer to noninvasively measure the temperature of the human body. The proposed 3-GHz radiometer consists of an antenna collecting the noise power generated by a target, a low-noise and high-gain receiver amplifying the noise power, and a detector converting the noise power to voltage. A single-pole-triple-throw (SP3T) switch is placed between the antenna and the receiver, while a personal computer is used to control the SP3T switch, collect and process the data such as detector output voltages and physical temperatures of the reference noise sources and the target...
September 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905302/non-health-care-facility-medication-errors-associated-with-hormones-and-hormone-antagonists-in-the-united-states
#20
Pranav Magal, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
INTRODUCTION: Hormones and hormone antagonists are frequently associated with medication errors and may result in important adverse outcomes. The purpose of this study is to investigate non-health care facility (non-HCF) medication errors associated with hormones and hormone antagonists in the United States (US). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of National Poison Data System data was conducted to identify characteristics and trends of unintentional non-HCF therapeutic errors involving hormones and hormone antagonists among individuals of all ages from 2000 to 2012...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
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