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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813542/the-african-cholera-surveillance-network-africhol-consortium-meeting-10-11-june-2015-lom%C3%A3-togo
#1
Aline Munier, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Delphine Sauvageot, Raymond B Mhlanga, Léonard Heyerdahl, Johara Nadri, Richard Wood, Issaka Ouedraogo, Alexandre Blake, Laurent Akilimali Mukelenge, Jean-Claude B Anné, Abiba Banla Kere, Lucienne Dempouo, Sakoba Keita, José P M Langa, Issa Makumbi, Elibariki R Mwakapeje, Ian J Njeru, Olubunmi E Ojo, Isaac Phiri, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Bradford D Gessner, Martin Mengel
The fifth annual meeting of the African cholera surveillance network (Africhol) took place on 10-11 June 2015 in Lomé, Togo. Together with international partners, representatives from the 11 member countries -Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe- and an invited country (Malawi) shared their experience. The meeting featured three sessions: i) cholera surveillance, prevention and control in participating countries, ii) cholera surveillance methodology, such as cholera mapping, cost-effectiveness studies and the issue of overlapping epidemics from different diseases, iii) cholera laboratory diagnostics tools and capacity building...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813528/maternal-and-fetal-risk-factors-for-stillbirth-in-northern-tanzania-a-registry-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Francisca S Chuwa, Amasha H Mwanamsangu, Benjamin G Brown, Sia E Msuya, Elizabeth E Senkoro, Oresta P Mnali, Festo Mazuguni, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth is a major cause of perinatal mortality and occurs disproportionately in developing countries including Tanzania. However, there is scant information regarding the predictors of this condition in Tanzania. This study aimed to determine maternal and fetal risk factors for stilbirth in northen Tanzania. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective cohort study was performed using maternally-linked data from the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre birth registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812813/do-management-and-leadership-practices-in-the-context-of-decentralisation-influence-performance-of-community-health-fund-evidence-from-iramba-and-iringa-districts-in-tanzania
#3
Chakupewa Joseph, Stephen Oswald Maluka
BACKGROUND: In early 1990s, Tanzania like other African countries, adopted health sector reform (HSR). The most strongly held centralisation system that informed the nature of services provision including health was, thus, disintegrated giving rise to decentralisation system. It was within the realm of HSR process, user fees were introduced in the health sector. Along with user fees, various types of health insurances, including the Community Health Fund (CHF), were introduced. While the country's level of enrolment in the CHF is low, there are marked variations among districts...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812448/peer-network-influence-on-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-among-urban-tanzanian-men
#4
Marta I Mulawa, Lusajo J Kajula, Suzanne Maman
Male perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in Tanzania is widespread. Theory and empirical evidence suggest peer networks may play an important role in shaping IPV perpetration, although research on this topic in sub-Saharan Africa is limited. Grounded in social learning theory, social influence theory, and the theory of gender and power, the purpose of this study was to examine whether and how peer networks influence men's perpetration of IPV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We conducted in-depth interviews (n = 40) with a sub-sample of 20 men enrolled in the control condition of an ongoing cluster-randomised controlled trial...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810872/-repel-all-biters-an-enhanced-collection-of-endophilic-anopheles-gambiae-and-anopheles-arabiensis-in-cdc-light-traps-from-the-kagera-region-of-tanzania-in-the-presence-of-a-combination-mosquito-net-impregnated-with-piperonyl-butoxide-and-permethrin
#5
Corey LeClair, Judith Cronery, Enock Kessy, Elsa V E Tomás, Yohannes Kulwa, Franklin W Mosha, Mark Rowland, Natacha Protopopoff, J Derek Charlwood
BACKGROUND: Mosquito nets containing synergists designed to overcome metabolic resistance mechanisms in vectors have been developed. These may enhance excitability in the mosquitoes and affect how they respond to CDC light-traps. Investigating the behaviour of vectors of disease in relation to novel mosquito nets is, therefore, essential for the design of sampling and surveillance systems. METHODS: In an initial experiment in Muleba, Tanzania, nine bedrooms from three housing clusters were sampled...
August 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810839/relationships-between-sickle-cell-trait-malaria-and-educational-outcomes-in-tanzania
#6
Kevin Croke, Deus S Ishengoma, Filbert Francis, Julie Makani, Mathias L Kamugisha, John Lusingu, Martha Lemnge, Horacio Larreguy, Günther Fink, Bruno P Mmbando
BACKGROUND: Sickle Cell Trait (SCT) has been shown to be protective against malaria. A growing literature suggests that malaria exposure can reduce educational attainment. This study assessed the relationship and interactions between malaria, SCT and educational attainment in north-eastern Tanzania. METHODS: Seven hundred sixty seven children were selected from a list of individuals screened for SCT. Febrile illness and malaria incidence were monitored from January 2006 to December 2013 by community health workers...
August 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810838/violence-and-depression-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tanzania
#7
Lucy R Mgopa, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Pedro Pallangyo
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be at an increased risk of Violence, HIV transmission and Mental Disorders such as depression on top of many other bio-psycho-socio challenges they face as a result of their sexual orientation. METHODS: We recruited 345 MSM using a respondent driven sampling technique. Revised Conflict Tactic Scale, PHQ-9 and questions adapted from the TDHS 2010 were used to assess for violence, depression and HIV-risk behaviors respectively...
August 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808671/survey-data-of-intra-household-decision-making-and-smallholder-agricultural-production-in-northern-uganda-and-southern-tanzania
#8
Chris M Mwungu, Caroline Mwongera, Kelvin M Shikuku, Fridah N Nyakundi, Jennifer Twyman, Leigh Ann Winowiecki, Edidah L Ampaire, Mariola Acosta, Peter Läderach
This article provides a description of intra-household survey data that were collected in Uganda and Tanzania in 2014 and 2015, respectively. The surveys were implemented using a structured questionnaire administered among 585 households in Uganda and 608 in Tanzania. Information on decision making processes in agricultural production was collected from the principal adult male and female decision-makers in each household. The survey consisted of two parts. Firstly, the decision-makers, both male and female of each household were jointly interviewed...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808447/predictors-for-mortality-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-tanzania
#9
Edson W Mollel, Jaffu O Chilongola
PROBLEM: Factors related to MDRTB mortality in Tanzania have not been adequately explored and reported. OBJECTIVES: To determine demographic, clinical, radiographic, and laboratory factors associated with MDRTB mortality in a Tanzanian TB Referral Hospital. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study with 193 participants. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological data were collected, and their associations with mortality among MDRTB patients were determined...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802723/site-formation-processes-of-the-early-acheulean-assemblage-at-ef-hr-olduvai-gorge-tanzania
#10
Ignacio de la Torre, Karol Wehr
This paper investigates the formation history of the early Acheulean site of EF-HR (Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania). Our study focuses on the main site (T2-Main Trench) and adjacent trenches (T12 and T9), which constitute the bulk of the archaeological assemblage recently excavated in the EF-HR area (de la Torre et al., submitted). Site formation processes are investigated through taphonomic proxies and spatial analysis, and consider artifact features, orientation patterns, and topographic data retrieved during archaeological excavation...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802358/guillotine-vs-classic-dissection-adenotonsillectomy-what-s-the-ideal-technique-for-children-in-tanzania
#11
Desderius C Chussi, Sophie W Poelman, Niels Van Heerbeek
OBJECTIVES: Adenotonsillectomy (ATE) is one of the most performed surgeries in children. Extensive research on which operation technique is the best in terms of minimal pain and complications, operative time and duration of hospital stay is being done mostly in highly resourced developing countries. In developing countries a need for cost effective and time saving operation techniques is essential due to the low-resource setting. This study aims to investigate whether the Guillotine Sluder operation techniques is ideal in a limited resource developing country setting...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798894/clients-perspectives-on-quality-of-delivery-services-in-a-rural-setting-in-tanzania-findings-from-a-qualitative-action-oriented-research
#12
Gerald J Makuka, Moses M Sango, Ayubu E Mashambo, Abednego E Mashambo, Sia E Msuya, Sabina P Mtweve
OBJECTIVE: To know and understand the perspectives of women on the quality of maternal health services provided at their health facility (HF) and to incite community self-propelled problem identification and way forward. METHODS: A qualitative action- oriented research was conducted in a rural setting in Tanzania from 2011 to 2014. Twenty In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) and two Focus Group Discussions were held. The IDIs were conducted with mothers who had attended antenatal care at the HF and delivered there...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797516/the-carnivorous-feeding-behavior-of-early-homo-at-hwk-ee-bed-ii-olduvai-gorge-tanzania
#13
Michael C Pante, Jackson K Njau, Blaire Hensley-Marschand, Trevor L Keevil, Carmen Martín-Ramos, Renata Franco Peters, Ignacio de la Torre
The regular consumption of large mammal carcasses, as evidenced by butchery marks on fossils recovered from Early Stone Age archaeological sites, roughly coincides with the appearance of Homo habilis. However, the significance of this niche expansion cannot be appreciated without an understanding of hominin feeding behavior and their ecological interactions with mammalian carnivores. The Olduvai Geochronology and Archaeology Project (OGAP) has recovered a large and well-preserved fossil assemblage from the HWK EE site, which was deposited just prior to the first appearance of Acheulean technology at Olduvai Gorge and likely represents one of the last H...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797181/hiv-resistance-with-correlation-to-pmtct-regimen-in-hiv-infected-infants-in-northern-tanzania
#14
Dorothy Elizabeth Dow, Werner Schimana, Balthazar M Nyombi, Blandina T Mmbaga, Aisa M Shayo, John A Bartlett, Charles G Massambu, Emmanuel G Kifaro, Elizabeth L Turner, Todd DeMarco, Fangping Cai, Coleen Cunningham, Ann M Buchanan
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guidelines recommend that all HIV-infected pregnant woman receive antiretroviral therapy (Option B) and HIV-infected infants should initiate therapy with a protease inhibitor based regimen; however, implementation of these guidelines has lagged in many resource-limited settings. Tanzania only recently implemented these guidelines with little country specific data to inform whether HIV non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) resistance was present among infected infants under the Option A guidelines...
August 11, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797054/large-scale-wheat-flour-folic-acid-fortification-program-increases-plasma-folate-levels-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-tanzania
#15
Ramadhani A Noor, Ajibola I Abioye, Nzovu Ulenga, Salum Msham, George Kaishozi, Nilupa S Gunaratna, Ramadhani Mwiru, Erin Smith, Christina Nyhus Dhillon, Donna Spiegelman, Wafaie Fawzi
There is widespread vitamin and mineral deficiency problem in Tanzania with known deficiencies of at least vitamin A, iron, folate and zinc, resulting in lasting negative consequences especially on maternal health, cognitive development and thus the nation's economic potential. Folate deficiency is associated with significant adverse health effects among women of reproductive age, including a higher risk of neural tube defects. Several countries, including Tanzania, have implemented mandatory fortification of wheat and maize flour but evidence on the effectiveness of these programs in developing countries remains limited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796301/reproductive-health-and-bodily-integrity-in-tanzania
#16
Judith Westeneng, Ben D'Exelle
Several policy initiatives support the empowerment of women to improve their reproductive health. Little is known, however, about the inverse effect that reproductive health might have on women's empowerment. Women are pressured to conform to their reproductive role, and an inability to do so might affect their empowerment, including control over their own body. Using a panel dataset of 504 married women in Northern Tanzania, we find that women who experienced a pregnancy loss show more tolerant views of partner violence and that child mortality lowers their perceived control over the sexual relationship with their spouse...
August 10, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795919/a-qualitative-appraisal-of-stakeholder-reactions-to-a-tool-for-burden-of-disease-based-health-system-budgeting-in-ghana
#17
John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Margaret L Schmitt, Janet Tiah, Joyce Ndago, Rofina Asuru, Ayaga A Bawah, James F Phillips
Background In 2010, the Ghana Health Service launched a program of cooperation with the Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare that was designed to adapt Tanzania's PLANREP budgeting and reporting tool to Ghana's primary health care program. The product of this collaboration is a system of budgeting, data visualization, and reporting that is known as the District Health Planning and Reporting Tool (DiHPART). Objective This study was conducted to evaluate the design and implementation processes (technical, procedures, feedback, maintenance, and monitoring) of the DiHPART tool in northern Ghana...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#18
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794684/argyrella-richardsiae-a-new-species-of-melastomataceae-from-the-wet-miombo-woodlands-of-south-central-africa
#19
Marie Claire Veranso-Libalah, Robert Douglas Stone, Gudrun Kadereit
A new species from the wet miombo woodlands of Tanzania and Angola, Argyrella richardsiae Veranso-Libalah & G.Kadereit, sp. nov. (Melastomataceae, Melastomateae), is described and illustrated. Although the widespread Argyrella canescens also occurs in Tanzania and northeastern Angola, A. richardsiae is morphologically most similar to Argyrella bambutorum known only from the Northwest of Cameroon, but differs by its indumentum of glandular trichomes on the entire plant (versus a mixture of stellate and glandular trichomes in other species of Argyrella), leaf-blades with serrulate margins (versus entire margins in A...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791544/infectivity-of-deinbollia-mosaic-virus-a-novel-weed-infecting-begomovirus-in-east-africa
#20
Martina Kyallo, Elijah Miinda Ateka, Peter Sseruwagi, José Trinidad Ascencio-Ibáñez, Mildred-Ochwo Ssemakula, Robert Skilton, Joseph Ndunguru
Weed-infecting begomoviruses play an important role in the epidemiology of crop diseases because they can potentially infect crops and contribute to the genetic diversity of crop-infecting begomoviruses. Despite the important epidemiological role that weed-infecting begomoviruses play, they remain insufficiently studied in Africa. Recently, we identified Deinbollia mosaic virus (DMV), a distinct begomovirus found naturally infecting the weed host Deinbollia borbonica (Sapindaceae) in Kenya and Tanzania. In this study, we investigated the capacity of DMV to infect a restricted host range of Solanaceae and Euphorbiaceae species...
August 9, 2017: Archives of Virology
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