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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533863/management-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-muhimbili-orthopaedic-institute-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#1
Respicious Boniface, Edwin Rwebugisa Lugazia, Abel Mussa Ntungi, Othman Kiloloma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain Injuries represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. However, access to neurosurgical care is poor in low income countries like Tanzania. The aim of this study was to assess the management and outcome of Traumatic brain injury patients at a tertiary level health facility in Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of Traumatic brain injury patients attended at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute between January 2014 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529012/the-epidemiology-and-hotspots-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-moshi-tanzania-an-observational-study
#2
Joseph M Reardon, Luciano Andrade, Julian Hertz, George Kiwango, Anneth Teu, Msafiri Pesambili, Deena El-Gabri, Michael Hocker, Mark Mvungi, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) continue to increase with the proliferation of motor vehicles, especially in low-income countries where safe road infrastructure is lacking. Knowing where and why RTIs occur would allow for increased safety and prevention planning. In this study, police records of 300 motor vehicle collisions which occurred between February 2013 and January 2014 in Moshi, Tanzania were reviewed. Analysis of variables including victim age, gender, type of collision, conditions, and use of safety equipment were analyzed...
May 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527817/lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-efforts-in-rufiji-south-eastern-tanzania-decline-in-circulating-filarial-antigen-prevalence-in-young-school-children-after-twelve-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-and-utilization-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-nets
#3
Clarer Jones, Billy Ngasalla, Yahya A Derua, Donath Tarimo, Mwelecele N Malecela
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquito vectors and in sub Saharan Africa it is caused by nematode Wuchereria bancrofti. The disease has been targeted for global elimination by using annual mass drug administration (MDA) strategy. On the other hand, vector control is known to play important complementary role to the MDAs in reducing LF transmission. We report the findings of the effect of MDA and ITNs intervention implemented in endemic area of south-eastern Tanzania METHODS: A cross-sectional study for W...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526075/testing-times-trends-in-availability-price-and-market-share-of-malaria-diagnostics-in-the-public-and-private-healthcare-sector-across-eight-sub-saharan-african-countries-from-2009-to-2015
#4
Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization guidelines have recommended that all cases of suspected malaria should receive a confirmatory test with microscopy or a malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT), however evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) illustrates that only one-third of children under five with a recent fever received a test. The aim of this study was to evaluate availability, price and market share of microscopy and RDT from 2009/11 to 2014/15 in 8 SSA countries, to better understand barriers to improving access to malaria confirmatory testing in the public and private health sectors...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523643/cyberbullying-and-cybervictimization-within-a-cross-cultural-context-a%C3%A2-study-of-canadian-and-tanzanian-adolescents
#5
Jennifer D Shapka, Hezron Z Onditi, Rebecca J Collie, Noam Lapidot-Lefler
This study explored cyberbullying and cybervictimization (CBCV), for adolescents aged 11-15 from Tanzania (N = 426) and Canada (N = 592). Measurement invariance and model invariance was found for CBCV. In addition, multigroup structural equation modeling was used to explore several variables: age, gender, average hours online each day, accessing the Internet in a private location, having online privacy concerns, going online for social purposes, and motivation for cyberbullying. Results found interesting patterns within each country...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522164/heart-failure-post-hospital-mortality-and-renal-function-in-tanzania-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Justin R Kingery, Missana Yango, Bahati Wajanga, Fredrick Kalokola, Josef Brejt, Johannes Kataraihya, Robert Peck
OBJECTIVE: To determine one-year, post-hospital mortality and the predictors of mortality in Tanzanian adults with heart failure (HF) compared to other admitted adults. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study we consecutively enrolled medical inpatients admitted during a 3-month period, screened for HF and followed until 12 months after hospital discharge. Standardized history, physical examination, echocardiography and laboratory investigations were obtained during hospital presentation...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521811/the-malaria-testing-and-treatment-landscape-in-mainland-tanzania-2016
#7
Daniel Michael, Sigsbert Patila Mkunde
BACKGROUND: Understanding the key characteristics of malaria testing and treatment is essential to the control of a disease that continues to pose a major risk of morbidity and mortality in mainland Tanzania, with evidence of a resurgence of the disease in recent years. The introduction of artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) as the first-line treatment for malaria, alongside policies to promote rational case management following testing, highlights the need for evidence of anti-malarial and testing markets in the country...
April 24, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511601/satisfaction-of-patients-attending-public-hiv-or-aids-care-and-treatment-centers-in-kinondoni-district-tanzania
#9
Joel Ndayongeje, Method Kazaura
Satisfaction of care and treatment among HIV patients is one of the important elements for adherence. This study aimed to determine levels of satisfaction and associated factors among HIV-infected patients attending public care and treatment centers (CTCs) in Tanzania. The study was cross-sectional using face-to-face interviews. Satisfaction was measured using a total of 30 questions from a domain of six area of CTC service delivery. To assess independent predictors of levels of satisfaction, we used multilevel ordinal logistic regression analysis...
January 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511456/acute-rubella-virus-infection-among-women-with-spontaneous-abortion-in-mwanza-city-tanzania
#10
Lukombodzo Lulandala, Mariam M Mirambo, Dismas Matovelo, Balthazar Gumodoka, Stephen E Mshana
INTRODUCTION: Acute rubella virus infection in early pregnancy has been associated with poor pregnancy outcome ranging from spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and multiple birth defects known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS). Despite its importance the prevalence of acute rubella virus infections is not known among women with spontaneous abortion in most centres in developing countries. AIM: The present study was aimed to determine the seroprevalence of acute rubella infection among women with spontaneous abortion in Mwanza city...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507413/prevalence-of-echinococcosis-and-taenia-hydatigena-cysticercosis-in-slaughtered-small-ruminants-at-the-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-ngorongoro-tanzania
#11
M B Miran, A A Kasuku, E S Swai
AIM: Echinococcosis or hydatidosis (due to the larval stage of Echinococcus spp.) and cysticercosis (due to the larval stage of Taenia hydatigena) pose a significant economic losses due to slaughter condemnation and risk to public health in developing countries such as Tanzania where sanitation is poor and people live in close proximity with each other and with animals. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of and to identify the predisposing factors for echinococcosis and cysticercosis in sheep and goats at three slaughter slabs located in the livestock-wildlife interface areas of Ngorongoro, Tanzania...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506523/integration-of-population-census-and-water-point-mapping-data-a-case-study-of-cambodia-liberia-and-tanzania
#12
Weiyu Yu, Nicola A Wardrop, Robert Bain, Jim A Wright
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 has expanded the Millennium Development Goals' focus from improved drinking-water to safely managed water services. This expanded focus to include issues such as water quality requires richer monitoring data and potentially integration of datasets from different sources. Relevant data sets include water point mapping (WPM), the survey of boreholes, wells and other water points, census and household survey data. This study examined inconsistencies between population census and WPM datasets for Cambodia, Liberia and Tanzania, and identified potential barriers to integrating the two datasets to meet monitoring needs...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504437/seasonal-variation-of-tsetse-fly-species-abundance-and-prevalence-of-trypanosomes-in-the-maasai-steppe-tanzania
#13
Happiness J Nnko, Anibariki Ngonyoka, Linda Salekwa, Anna B Estes, Peter J Hudson, Paul S Gwakisa, Isabella M Cattadori
Tsetse flies, the vectors of trypanosomiasis, represent a threat to public health and economy in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite these concerns, information on temporal and spatial dynamics of tsetse and trypanosomes remain limited and may be a reason that control strategies are less effective. The current study assessed the temporal variation of the relative abundance of tsetse fly species and trypanosome prevalence in relation to climate in the Maasai Steppe of Tanzania in 2014-2015. Tsetse flies were captured using odor-baited Epsilon traps deployed in ten sites selected through random subsampling of the major vegetation types in the area...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504430/variation-of-tsetse-fly-abundance-in-relation-to-habitat-and-host-presence-in-the-maasai-steppe-tanzania
#14
Anibariki Ngonyoka, Paul S Gwakisa, Anna B Estes, Happiness J Nnko, Peter J Hudson, Isabella M Cattadori
Human activities modify ecosystem structure and function and can also alter the vital rates of vectors and thus the risk of infection with vector-borne diseases. In the Maasai Steppe ecosystem of northern Tanzania, local communities depend on livestock and suitable pasture that is shared with wildlife, which can increase tsetse abundance and the risk of trypanosomiasis. We monitored the monthly tsetse fly abundance adjacent to Tarangire National Park in 2014-2015 using geo-referenced, baited epsilon traps. We examined the effect of habitat types and vegetation greenness (NDVI) on the relative abundance of tsetse fly species...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503327/the-characteristics-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injuries-at-a-referral-hospital-in-northern-tanzania
#15
Sakina Mehboob Rashid, Mubashir Alavi Jusabani, Faiton Ndesanjo Mandari, Marieke Cornelia Johanna Dekker
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in Northern Tanzania. SETTING: Main referral hospital for Northern Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective review of 125 TSCI cases admitted to Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC) over a period of 5 years. RESULTS: We included 125 patients in the sample size, with a male majority of 107 (85...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503302/reliability-and-validity-of-using-telephone-calls-for-post-discharge-surveillance-of-surgical-site-infection-following-caesarean-section-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-tanzania
#16
Boniface Nguhuni, Pasquale De Nardo, Elisa Gentilotti, Zainab Chaula, Caroline Damian, Paola Mencarini, Emanuele Nicastri, Arnold Fulment, Alessandro Piscini, Francesco Vairo, Alexander M Aiken, Giuseppe Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common post-operative complication causing significant morbidity and mortality. Many SSI occur after discharge from hospital. Post-discharge SSI surveillance in low and middle income countries needs to be improved. METHODOLOGY: We conducted an observational cohort study in Dodoma, Tanzania to examine the sensitivity and specificity of telephone calls to detect SSI after discharge from hospital in comparison to a gold standard of clinician review...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500801/a-malaria-resistant-phenotype-with-immunological-correlates-in-a-tanzanian-birth-cohort-exposed-to-intense-malaria-transmission
#17
Scott D Nash, D Rebecca Prevots, Edward Kabyemela, Yogender P Khasa, Kun-Lin Lee, Michal Fried, Patrick E Duffy
AbstractMalaria incidence is highly heterogeneous even in areas of high transmission, although no conclusive evidence exists that innate or naturally acquired resistance can prevent infection over an extended period of time. This longitudinal study examined immunoparasitological evidence for a malaria-resistant phenotype in which children do not develop malaria despite an extended period of exposure to parasites. Within a birth cohort followed from 2002 to 2006 in Muheza, Tanzania, an area of intense transmission, children (N = 687) provided blood smears biweekly during infancy and monthly thereafter...
May 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499932/dietary-customs-and-food-availability-shape-the-preferences-for-basic-tastes-a-cross-cultural-study-among-polish-tsimane-and-hadza-societies
#18
Agnieszka Sorokowska, Robert Pellegrino, Marina Butovskaya, Michalina Marczak, Agnieszka Niemczyk, Tomas Huanca, Piotr Sorokowski
Biological significance of food components suggests that preferences for basic tastes should be similar across cultures. On the other hand, cultural factors play an important role in diet and can consequently influence individual preference for food. To date, very few studies have compared basic tastes preferences among populations of very diverse environmental and cultural conditions, and research rather did not involve traditional populations for whom the biological significance of different food components might be the most pronounced...
May 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499715/infant-nutritional-status-and-markers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-are-associated-with-midchildhood-anthropometry-and-blood-pressure-in-tanzania
#19
Lindsey M Locks, Ramadhani S Mwiru, Expeditho Mtisi, Karim P Manji, Christine M McDonald, Enju Liu, Roland Kupka, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud, Kerri Gosselin, Matthew Gillman, Andrew T Gewirtz, Wafaie W Fawzi, Christopher P Duggan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether growth and biomarkers of environmental enteric dysfunction in infancy are related to health outcomes in midchildhood in Tanzania. STUDY DESIGN: Children who participated in 2 randomized trials of micronutrient supplements in infancy were followed up in midchildhood (4.6-9.8 years of age). Anthropometry was measured at age 6 and 52 weeks in both trials, and blood samples were available from children at 6 weeks and 6 months from 1 trial...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499118/ethanol-concentration-of-traditional-alcoholic-beverages-in-northern-tanzania
#20
Joel M Francis, Heiner Grosskurth, Saidi H Kapiga, Helen A Weiss, Joseph Mwashiuya, John Changalucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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