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Sport, Kinesiology, fitness

Marjeta Misigoj-Durakovic, Zijad Durakovic, Ivan Prskalo
In literature, data on the prevalence of prolonged and shortened corrected QT (QTc) have shown considerable variability. The aim of the study was to compare QTc and JTc intervals of competitive student athletes and noncompetitive sport participants to QTc cutoff points used in athletes. A group of 485 physically fit candidates for the study of kinesiology (139 female and 346 male candidates) aged 18-20 participated in the study. Basic anthropometry, field fitness test, cardiovascular, electrocardiograms measurements, and blood sampling for lipid profile were conducted...
May 19, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Dario Novak, Dragan Milanović, Petar Barbaros-Tudor
A sample of young tennis players aged 12, 14 and 16 in Croatia. Sixty (60) tennis players ranked on the scale of the Croatian Tennis Association were analyzed through differences in morphological characteristics, as identified by a standard laboratory diagnostic procedure in Sports-diagnostic Centre of the Faculty of Kinesiology at the University of Zagreb. Significant differences were obtained in most of the monitored measures for the assessment of the morphological characteristics but the most significant differences were reflected in the variables for assessment of longitudinal dimensionality of the skeleton and body mass and voluminosity of the body...
September 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
Elizabeth B Torres, Robert W Isenhower, Jillian Nguyen, Caroline Whyatt, John I Nurnberger, Jorge V Jose, Steven M Silverstein, Thomas V Papathomas, Jacob Sage, Jonathan Cole
There is a critical need for new analytics to personalize behavioral data analysis across different fields, including kinesiology, sports science, and behavioral neuroscience. Specifically, to better translate and integrate basic research into patient care, we need to radically transform the methods by which we describe and interpret movement data. Here, we show that hidden in the "noise," smoothed out by averaging movement kinematics data, lies a wealth of information that selectively differentiates neurological and mental disorders such as Parkinson's disease, deafferentation, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia from typically developing and typically aging controls...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Shawn R Simonson
Undergraduate exercise physiology is a ubiquitous course in undergraduate kinesiology/exercise science programs with a broad scope and depth of topics. It is valuable to explore what is taught within this course. The purpose of the present study was to facilitate an understanding of what instructors teach in undergraduate exercise physiology, how it compares with various guidelines, and to continue the conversation regarding what should be taught. A survey was created using course outcomes from the American Society of Exercise Physiologists, National Association for Sport and Physical Education, Ivy's 2007 Quest article, the National Athletic Training Association, the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, and 36 undergraduate exercise physiology course syllabi...
December 2015: Advances in Physiology Education
Robin Veder
This essay examines the images and looking practices central to Bess M. Mensendieck's (c.1866-1959) 'functional exercise' system, as documented in physical culture treatises published in Germany and the United States between 1906 and 1937. Believing that muscular realignment could not occur without seeing how the body worked, Mensendieck taught adult non-athletes to see skeletal alignment and muscular movement in their own and others' bodies. Three levels of looking practices are examined: didactic sequences; penetrating inspection and appreciation of physiological structures; and ideokinetic visual metaphors for guiding movement...
2011: International Journal of the History of Sport
Michael C Meyers, C Matthew Laurent
A previous instalment to this review focused on the sport science for rodeo, the history behind the sport and what is currently known about the physical and physiological status, coronary risk profile, strength and power levels, event-specific kinesiological and biomechanical aspects, nutritional habits and psychological indices associated with the rodeo athlete. In regards to injury, rodeo is well known for its high-velocity, high-impact atmosphere where athletes compete against the clock and uncooperative livestock...
October 1, 2010: Sports Medicine
Pamela Geber, Margaret Wilson
This article introduces a combined scientific and somatic approach to teaching and learning about the body, and explains how it can be of benefit to dancers and dance educators. The study of the science of movement (kinesiology) and a somatic approach to teaching are initially defined and described as distinct entities; following this, a model for integration of the two is presented. The authors advocate for such a combination in order to enhance dancing.
2010: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Hrvoje Radasević, Ana Puljak, Diana Mihok, Spomenka Tomek-Roksandić
The growth in the prevalence of chronic diseases of civilization is of concern. In Croatia, diseases of the circulatory system are the main cause of hospitalization amongst people aged >65 and the main cause of death for two thirds of those aged >65. Continuous physical activity in older people stands out as an important factor in the prevention of chronic diseases of civilization, particularly diseases of the circulatory system, but also for other health problems. A survey on the extent of physical activity amongst older people aged >65 carried out in Zagreb (N=449, Croatian Health Survey/2003; CROCAN Project) has shown that 42...
2007: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
J A Porterfield
The lumbopelvic region, because it is the hub of our antigravity weightbearing, is the most vulnerable area for spraining and straining tissues. It is also, however, the most difficult area to treat because of our inability to completely control the healing of these injured tissues. Properly identifying and accurately assessing the biomechanics of injury and understanding the basic science of the processes of soft tissue healing are critical in order to initiate proper goal-oriented treatment geared toward regaining normal function of the injured area...
1985: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Lana Ruzic, Goran Sporis, Branka R Matkovic
AIM: To evaluate the effects of the designed regime encompassing high volume-low intensity physical activity programme on glycemic control in diabetic children, 20 subjects (age 12.81 +/- 2.14) spent 2 weeks in a controlled environment of a summer camp. METHODS: An exercise physiologist and a kinesiology specialist programme and conducted the three exercise sessions a day. Total daily caloric intake was controlled and the blood glucose was monitored four times a day with special concern for hypoglycaemia episodes...
March 2008: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
L Angyán
The purpose of this study is to argue for teaching kinesiology for medical students. To become familiar with the basics of the science of human motions is essential for the medical practice. There is substantial evidence that regular physical exercise is beneficial to improve health and prevent disease, and has a key place among the strategies in therapy and rehabilitation. However, before prescription of exercise programmes the physician must take into consideration all the benefits and risks of that exercise...
1999: Acta Physiologica Hungarica
B Segesser, P Michel, R Ackermann, P Jenoure
Rehabilitation of athletes following surgical reconstruction of complex instabilities of the knee joint focuses on four goals: 1. the restoration of ligament stability, 2. the restoration of muscular stabilisation ability, 3. the restoration of coordinative muscular function in sport specific kinesiology, 4. the retention and improvement of the general state of fitness. These aims can only be reached by a close cooperation between physician, physiotherapist, trainer, and coach. In order not to put the rehabilitation process at risk, everybody involved has to have knowledge about functional anatomy, surgical technique, and biology of the transplant as well as knowledge about the long duration thereof that cannot substantially be shortened by knee ortheses...
March 1993: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
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