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Jennifer Gubitosa, Vito Rizzi, Angela Lopedota, Paola Fini, Anna Laurenzana, Gabriella Fibbi, Fiorenza Fanelli, Andrea Petrella, Valentino Laquintana, Nunzio Denora, Roberto Comparelli, Pinalysa Cosma
HYPOTHESIS: The interesting properties of Gold Nanoparticles (AuNPs) make them attractive for different application fields such as cosmetology, medicine and clinical nanotechnologies. In this work a fast, easy and eco-friendly method for the AuNPs synthesis is proposed by using the Punica Granatum Juice (PGJ) with potential dermatological and cosmetic applications. The AuNPs antioxidant activity, due to the presence of phenols from the juice, and their use as booster for improving the Sun Protection Factor (SPF) in commercial sunscreen formulations, are thus expounded...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
T Hatahet, M Morille, A Hommoss, J M Devoisselle, R H Müller, S Bégu
Quercetin is a flavonoid with strong antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities considered as a potential drug candidate for skin exogenous supplementation. Nevertheless, crude quercetin suffers from poor water solubility and consequently topical inactivity. Therefore, quercetin formulation within a suitable system that overcomes its solubility limitation is a matter of investigation. Three approaches were tested to improve quercetin delivery to skin: liposomes, lipid nanocapsules (LNC) and smartCrystals®...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Kenneth G Linden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Isabel Aparici-Espert, Miguel A Miranda, Virginie Lhiaubet-Vallet
Photosensitization by drugs is a problem of increasing importance in modern life. This phenomenon occurs when a chemical substance in the skin is exposed to sunlight. Photosensitizing drugs are reported to cause severe skin dermatitis, and indeed, it is generally advised to avoid sunbathing and to apply sunscreen. In this context, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac is a photosensitive drug, especially when administered in topical form. In this work, efforts have been made to design and study an innovative pro-drug/pro-filter system containing diclofenac and the UVA filter avobenzone in order to develop a safer use of this topical drug...
March 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Anna Baldisserotto, Piergiacomo Buso, Matteo Radice, Valeria Dissette, Ilaria Lampronti, Roberto Gambari, Stefano Manfredini, Silvia Vertuani
Moringa oleifera has gained increasing popularity as a food supplement but not in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic area. The aim of this study was the preparation, characterization, and evaluation of extracts from the leaves of Moringa oleifera as a herbal sun care phytocomplex. Three different extracts of Moringa oleifera leaves, from Senegal, have been prepared and chemically characterized in the phenolic fraction by HPLC-DAD and Folin-Ciocalteu test. To explore photoprotective properties, an extensive evaluation of UV filtering, antioxidant (DPPH, FRAP, ORAC, PCL), and anti-hyperproliferative (human melanoma Colo38 cells) capacities have been conducted...
March 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Dawn M Holman, Helen Ding, Gery P Guy, Meg Watson, Anne M Hartman, Frank M Perna
Importance: Monitoring sun protection and sunburn over time at the population level can provide valuable information about progress toward skin cancer prevention goals and inform future intervention efforts. Objective: To examine the prevalence of sun protection use (shade, sunscreen, and clothing) and sunburn and the association between sunburn and individual characteristics and health behaviors in the US population. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of 31 162 US adults from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey-Cancer Control Supplement, household interviews of civilian, noninstitutionalized US adults were conducted throughout 2015 in person and completed on the telephone when necessary...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
A Haylett, D Koumaki, L E Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Solar urticaria (SU) is a rare chronic inducible urticaria triggered via uncharacterised chromophores. We detail responses of a large patient series to monochromator phototesting and broadband ultraviolet radiation (UVR); relationship to life quality is explored. METHODS: Retrospective review of all SU patients undergoing standardised diagnostic photoinvestigation at a specialist centre during 2000-2016. From 2011, patients completed dermatology life quality index (DLQI) questionnaires for the past week and year...
March 13, 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Ayşe Tunçer Vural, Arzu Karataş Toğral, Mahir Kırnap, A Tülin Güleç, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Solid-organ transplant recipients are at an increased risk of developing skin cancer; this risk is due to long-term graft-preserving immunosuppressive therapy, and excessive sun exposure is a major contributing factor to this process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the skin cancer awareness and sun-protective behavior of solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 70 consecutive solid-organ transplant recipients were evaluated regarding knowledge of their increased skin cancer risk and regarding the influence of this knowledge on their sun-protective practices, by applying a questionnaire during their routine check-up visits...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Titus Josef Brinker, Bianca Lisa Faria, Martina Gatzka, Olber Moreira de Faria, Markus V Heppt, Michael C Kirchberger, Dirk Schadendorf, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Fabian Buslaff, Oscar Campos Lisboa, Ana Carla Cruz Oliveira, Henrique Augusto Lino, Breno Bernardes-Souza
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of melanoma is increasing faster than any other major cancer both in Brazil and worldwide. The Southeast of Brazil has especially high incidences of melanoma, and early detection is low. Exposure to UV radiation represents a primary risk factor for developing melanoma. Increasing attractiveness is a major motivation for adolescents for tanning. A medical student-delivered intervention that harnesses the broad availability of mobile phones as well as adolescents' interest in their appearance may represent a novel method to improve skin cancer prevention...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
Beatrice Bocca, Stefano Caimi, Oreste Senofonte, Alessandro Alimonti, Francesco Petrucci
This study sought to develop analytical methods to characterize titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs), including the particle size distribution and concentration, in cream and spray sunscreens with different sun protection factor (SPF). The Single Particle Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (SP ICP-MS) was used as screening and fast method to determine particles size and number. The Asymmetric Flow-Field Flow Fractionation (AF4-FFF) as a pre-separation technique was on-line coupled to the Multi-Angle Light Scattering (MALS) and ICP-MS to determine particle size distributions and size dependent multi-elemental concentration...
February 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Parvaneh Ghaderi-Shekhi Abadi, Farshad H Shirazi, Mohammad Joshaghani, Hamid R Moghimi
Different sunscreens are employed to prevent photo damage (cancer, inflammation, etc.), including ZnO. ZnO is safe when applied as micro-size particle. To overcome some visual problems of ZnO micro-size particles, this sunscreen has been introduced as nano-size particles. Unfortunately, ZnO nanoparticles have raised some health concerns, due to Zn+2 release. On the other hand, it has been shown that ZnO metallic lattice change by metal doping decreases its solubility and toxicity. Therefore, we have decided here to develop new ZnO metallic lattice to reduce its cytotoxicity...
February 27, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Lucia Montenegro, Rita Turnaturi, Carmela Parenti, Lorella Pasquinucci
The evaluation of UV-filter in vitro percutaneous absorption allows the estimation of the systemic exposure dose (SED) and the margin of safety (MoS) of sunscreen products. As both the vehicle and pattern of application may affect sunscreen safety and efficacy, we evaluated in vitro release and skin permeation of two widely used UV-filters, octylmethoxycinnamate (OMC) and butylmethoxydibenzoylmethane (BMBM) from topical formulations with different features (oil in water (O/W) emulsions with different viscosity, water in oil (W/O) emulsion, oils with different lipophilicity)...
February 27, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Armen A Ghazarian, Britton Trabert, Kim Robien, Barry I Graubard, Katherine A McGlynn
BACKGROUND: The etiology of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) is poorly understood, however, exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may be related to increased risk. Personal care products, some of which contain EDCs, are widely used on a daily basis and are known to cross the placenta, be present in breastmilk, and are capable of inducing reproductive tract abnormalities. To determine the association between personal care product use during pregnancy and breastfeeding and TGCT risk, an analysis among mothers of TGCT cases and controls was conducted...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Research
Weidong Zhang, Yong Zhao, Fuli Li, Lan Li, Yanni Feng, Lingjiang Min, Dongxue Ma, Shuai Yu, Jing Liu, Hongfu Zhang, Tianhong Shi, Fuwei Li, Wei Shen
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs), known for their chemical stability and strong adsorption, are used in everyday items such as cosmetics, sunscreens, and prophylactic drugs. However, they have also been found to adversely affect organisms; previously we found that ZnO NPs disrupt pubertal ovarian development, inhibit embryonic development by upsetting γ-H2AX and NF-κB pathways, and even disturb skin stem cells. Non-targeted metabolomic analysis of biological organisms has been suggested as an unbiased tool for the investigation of perturbations in response to NPs and their underlying mechanisms...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Stela Celaj, Jie Deng, Brendan L Murphy
UV radiation exposure is one of the key modifiable risk factors for skin cancer. Hence, patient education regarding skin protection and sunscreen use is of tremendous importance to public health. To better understand patient practices regarding skin protection in a population level, we looked into the Internet search behavior of the US-based population. We investigated patient inquires on the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announcements regarding sunscreen use by quantifying search terms such as "broad spectrum sunscreen", "sunscreen" and "sunblock" with Google Trends, a novel methodology for understanding internet search practices...
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
S S Bosanac, A K Clark, R K Sivamani
Phytophotodermatitis is a clinical diagnosis from phototoxicity of the skin induced by contact with plants or their extracts. Phytophotodermatitis maypresent with burning, erythema, patches, plaques, vesicles, bullae, or hyperpigmented patches in welldemarcated and unusual shapes. Inquiring about occupation, hobbies, and plant or plant extract contact is essential to establishing the diagnosis. Herein we present a case of phytophotodermatitisafter use of carrot extract-containing sunscreen presenting as a hyperpigmented patch in a geometric distribution with accentuation of pigment within the dynamic rhytides...
January 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
Danielle J Lospinoso, Joshua A Lospinoso, Nathanial R Miletta
We establish a strong, positive relationship between the Ultraviolet Index and Google search engine activity for sunburn-related terms in the United States. Using the Google Trends utility and data available from the National Weather service, we combine data from a twelve-year period to produce panel data for each state. We fit a time-series regression model of search activity and perform statistical tests on the resulting parameter estimates. This study lays the groundwork for using search-related data to assess the prevalence of, and attitudes about sunburn...
August 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Bo Zhang, Ju-Jun Ruan, Lei Xie, Ming-Wei Gui, Xue-Yuan Bai, Tao Zhang
Benzophenone (BP)-type UV filters are widely used in sunscreen products to protect human skin from UV radiation. However, only a few studies have been conducted to determine the level of human exposure to BPs in rural areas of China. In this study, we evaluated the exposure levels of people living in three villages and a city in South China to five major BPs (BP-1, BP-2, BP-3, BP-8, and 4-OH-BP). The detection rates of BP-1, BP-3, and 4-OH-BP were 66%, 72%, and 75%, respectively, in rural areas and 85%, 75%, and 80%, correspondingly, in urban areas...
February 20, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Marie-Pierre Gomez-Berrada, Anne-Sophie Ficheux, Sandrine Rakotomalala, Sonia Guillou, Murièle Bellec, Dominique De Javel, Alain-Claude Roudot, Pierre-Jacques Ferret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
C M Batista, A V F Alves, L A Queiroz, B S Lima, R N P Filho, A A S Araújo, R L C de Albuquerque Júnior, J C Cardoso
The negative effects triggered by ultraviolet radiation, such as premature aging and carcinogenesis, have motivated several studies on photoprotection. Recent strategies for photoprotection have included the incorporation of natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, such as flavonoids, into sunscreens and the oral administration of natural antioxidant extracts. Brazilian Red propolis extract contains isoflavonoids with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Here, we investigate the photoprotective effects of orally- or topically-administered formulations containing hydroalcoholic extract of red propolis (HERP) in a rodent model...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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