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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038726/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-toward-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-medical-students-at-northern-border-university-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#1
Mohammed Ali Alhowaish, Jawaher Ali Alhowaish, Yasser Hamoud Alanazi, Muharib Mana Alshammari, Mushref Saeid Alshammari, Nasser Ghadeer Alshamari, Abdulaziz Sael Alshammari, Meshael Kareem Almutairi, Sultan Abdullah Algarni
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Health care workers' risk of occupational exposure to HBV is a chief concern, particularly with young students in the health profession. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge regarding symptoms, risk factors and prevention of hepatitis B virus infection among medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 01, 2016 to May 30, 2017 on medical students at the Northern Border University (Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038723/survey-of-awareness-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-arar-population-northern-border-region-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Aseel Menwer Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Khalid Ayed Alanazi, Banan Khalid Alotaibi, Sultan Majed Alshammari, Saud Rteamy Alanazi, Meshari Dalaf Alhazmi, Yousef Talal Alshammari, Zaid Qati Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most widely prevalent diseases in Saudi Arabia. Health education is considered an essential component to improve knowledge and change behavior. People affected by diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors and associated complication. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of the Arar population with various aspects of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Arar city, the capital of the Northern Province of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038720/epidemiology-of-senile-prostatic-enlargement-among-elderly-men-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#3
Abdullah Barghash Alanazi, Anfal Muaddi Alshalan, Omar Ayed Alanazi, Munif Salah Alanazi, Abdulaziz Inad Alanazi, Abdullah Hussain Alanazi, Anwar Mohammed Alhadhari, Ahmed Saad Alanazi, Rahmah Abdulhadi Alanazi, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alkhidhr, Hassan Ali Aldehneen, Raed Khalid Alanazi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Senile prostatic enlargement due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem among older men, and is responsible for considerable disability. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and determinants of the clinically diagnosed prostatic enlargement among elderly men in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on all consented elderly males attending the outpatient clinic of the urology department of Arar Central Hospital from February 2017 to July 30, 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038712/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-its-relation-with-age-and-sex-in-turaif-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2016-2017
#4
Nour Homoud Alanazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Ghazala Rasool, Ahmed Bin Hashash Alruwaili, Asem Matrouk Zayed Alrowaili, Ahmed Saud Aldaghmi, Mohammad Khalil Dughaieum Al Shkra, Fatimah Awadh Alrasheedi, Ghadah Saleem Alenezi, Mona Theyab Alanazi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia has increased dramatically during the last decades. This increase has been attributed to significant changes in cultural and socio-economic factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of diabetes and its relation with age and sex in Turaif city, northern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out during the academic year 2016-2017 over a period of 6 months (October 01, 2016 to March 30, 2017)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037978/expected-immunizations-and-health-protection-for-hajj-and-umrah-2018-an-overview
#5
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Philippe Gautret, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj and Umrah are one of the largest recurring religious mass gatherings across the globe drawing pilgrims from more than 185 countries. The living circumstances and activities of the pilgrims may create an environment for the occurrence and spread of communicable diseases. Each year, the Health authority of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in coordination with international health authorities, updates health requirements for pilgrims. The Hajj for 2017 took place from August 24 to September 5, 2017...
October 13, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037887/depression-and-related-risk-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jazan-area-ksa-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Osama B Albasheer, Mohammed S Mahfouz, Yahia Solan, Duaa A Khan, Mohammed A Muqri, Haneen A Almutairi, Ali M Alelyani, Hussain A Alahmed
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and related risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM) in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross sectional, self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among T2DM patients in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. A total of 385 patients were selected at randomly. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was utilized to measure symptoms and signs of depression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression among T2DM patients was 37...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035301/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-vitamin-d-among-adults-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Najlaa Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Faruk Ahmed
Abstract: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to explore participants' knowledge about vitamin D and attitudes toward sun exposure. The study also aimed to explore the social and cultural factors that might potentially contribute to vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia. Face-to-face interviews were carried out in the cities of Jeddah and Makkah between May and October 2015. The interview questions were semi-structured, and the data was analyzed using thematic analysis...
October 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033525/oral-health-comprehension-in-parents-of-saudi-cerebral-palsy-children
#8
Amjad H Wyne, Nouf S Al-Hammad, Christian H Splieth
OBJECTIVE: To determine oral health comprehension among parents of cerebral palsy (CP) children. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was utilized to obtain the required information. The study was conducted in two main centers for disabled children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Parents of all 157 CP children registered in the two centers completed the questionnaire. Mothers mostly (86.6%) completed the questionnaire. Majority (98...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028812/occurrence-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-across-the-gulf-corporation-council-countries-four-years-update
#9
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026766/hand-hygiene-knowledge-of-primary-health-care-workers-in-abha-city-south-western-saudi-arabia
#10
Ahmed A Mahfouz, Ahmed Abolyazid, Hasan M Al-Musa, Nabil J Awadallah, Aesha Faraheen, Shamsunhar Khalil, Mohammad N El-Gamal, Khalid M Al-Musa
PURPOSE: The aim of this is to find out the hand hygiene (HH) knowledge among primary health care workers (PHCWs) in Abha health district, southwestern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Data were collected through an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was based on a WHO "Knowledge Questionnaire for Health Care Workers." RESULTS: The study included 478 PHCWs (239 males and 239 females). The sample included 186 physicians, 212 nurses, and 80 technicians...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026694/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-school-children-s-caries-studies-in-gulf-cooperation-council-states
#11
REVIEW
Wafa Alayyan, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Amar Khamis, Mawlood Kowash
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental caries school children in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) area, to help the development of systematic approaches for preventive oral care programs in the GCC states and to provide sound information for oral health promotion and public health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search to identify both published and unpublished articles concerning relevant studies of dental caries in children aged 6-16 years for their permanent teeth published from 1992 to 2016 with no language and time limit was performed...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019913/toxic-elements-in-different-medicinal-plants-and-the-impact-on-human-health
#12
Eid I Brima
Local medicinal plants from Madina, Saudi Arabia, are used to cure various diseases. However, some can cause adverse health effects. Five different medicinal plants were collected in the city of Madina: mahareeb (Cymbopogon), sheeh (Artemisia), harjal (Cynanchum argel delile), nabipoot (Equisetum), and kafmariam (Vitex agnus-castus). In total, four toxic elements including Al, Pb, As, and Cd were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The range of recoveries fell between 86.1 and 90...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019327/disclosure-of-adverse-cancer-news-the-public-s-perspective-in-a-middle-eastern-country
#13
Jamal Zekri, Mohamed E El Sayed, Youssef Nauf
OBJECTIVES: The disclosure to patients of unfavorable news related to cancer remains a controversial issue in the Middle East. This study investigated the perspective of the public in Saudi Arabia regarding the disclosure of unfavorable cancer-related news. METHODS: A convenience sample of 103 adult noncancer patients attending a family medicine clinic were asked to respond to 9 closed-ended questions. These questions reflected possible adverse news from the time of diagnosis until the end of life...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989490/compliance-with-infection-control-standard-precautions-guidelines-a-survey-among-dental-healthcare-workers-in-hail-region-saudi-arabia
#14
Hassan Kasim Haridi, Abdalmohsen Saud Al-Ammar, Moazzy Ibraheim Al-Mansour
BACKGROUND: The concept of standard precautions (SP) has been a cornerstone of dental infection control (IC) practice. Full adherence with SP guidelines is still a matter of concern in many institutions. The objectives of the present study were to assess and characterise compliance with SP guidelines among dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) and to analyse factors that affect compliance. METHODS: A regional cross-sectional questionnaire survey among DHCWs in all health facilities was carried out from August to November 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989137/characteristic-of-malocclusion-among-saudi-special-need-group-children
#15
Thamer Alkhadra
INTRODUCTION: The present study analyzed the characteristics of malocclusions, occlusal traits among Special Health care Needs (SHCN) children with Down syndrome (DS) and autism disorder (AD) in Riyadh City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 DS and 100 AD children from five rehabilitation centers in and around Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, were included in the study. Any children with history of ongoing medical treatment, extraction, or orthodontic treatment were excluded from the study...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989127/relationship-of-body-mass-index-with-diet-physical-activities-and-lifestyles-of-dental-students
#16
Syed R Habib, Sakhar Alghofaily, Hussam Alshamrani, Abdullah Alhammad, Kamran Habib Awan
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight issues and obesity by recording the body mass index (BMI) and explore the dietary habits, physical activities (PAs), and lifestyles of male students at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A custom-designed self-administrative form and questionnaire were used in this study for data collection. The first part of the form was used to record the participants' height and weight for the BMI...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988776/prevalence-of-influenza-vaccine-hesitancy-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Abdullah A Alabbad, Abdulaziz K Alsaad, Mohamed A Al Shaalan, Sulaiman Alola, Esam A Albanyan
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccine hesitancy is a major problem worldwide, with significant public health consequences. We aimed to determine the prevalence of influenza vaccine hesitancy and the effect of vaccine awareness campaigns on vaccine acceptance among three groups (parents, adult patients, and healthcare workers [HCWs]) at King Abdulaziz Medical City, a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study was conducted during the 2015-2016 winter season...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988252/drug-shortages-in-large-hospitals-in-riyadh-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Yazed Sulaiman AlRuthia, Hadeel AlKofide, Refaa'h AlAjmi, Bander Balkhi, Ahmed Alghamdi, Albandari AlNasser, Areej Alayed, Maali Alshammari, Danah Alsuhaibani, Asma Alathbah
BACKGROUND: Drug shortages are a serious and complex issue in any healthcare system. We conducted this study because the prevalence of drug shortages in Saudi Arabia is largely unknown, while there have been reports of shortages. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and characteristics of drug shortages as well as identify strategies to minimize their impact on patient care and safety in large hospitals. DESIGN: Questionnaire-based cross-sectional study...
September 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979739/epilepsy-as-a-health-problem-among-school-children-in-turaif-northern-saudi-arabia-2017
#19
Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Gihan Yousef Ali, Khulud Falah Alanazi, Anfal Nayir Alanazi, Ohud FalahAlanazi, Maha Hazzaa Alshalan, Zuhur Dhaher Alfuhigi, Anwar Eid Alruwaili, Reem Sebeh Alhazmi, Ajaweed Saud Muharrab Alruwaili, Tariq Mozil Aquab Alanizy, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Muharib Mana Muhaylan Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is the most common serious neurological disorder and is one of the world's most prevalent non-communicable diseases. There are no recently published data on the prevalence of epilepsy in school children in Northern Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of epilepsy and to show some of its risk factors in school children and adolescents (6-18 years) in Turaif city, Northern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This, population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in Turaif city, over a 6-month period, from July 2016 to January 2017...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975236/gene-expression-profiling-and-heterogeneity-of-nonspecific-orbital-inflammation-affecting-the-lacrimal-gland
#20
James T Rosenbaum, Dongseok Choi, Christina A Harrington, David J Wilson, Hans E Grossniklaus, Cailin H Sibley, Sherveen S Salek, John D Ng, Roger A Dailey, Eric A Steele, Brent Hayek, Caroline M Craven, Deepak P Edward, Azza M Y Maktabi, Hailah Al Hussain, Valerie A White, Peter J Dolman, Craig N Czyz, Jill A Foster, Gerald J Harris, Youn-Shen Bee, David T Tse, Chrisfouad R Alabiad, Sander R Dubovy, Michael Kazim, Dinesh Selva, R Patrick Yeatts, Bobby S Korn, Don O Kikkawa, Rona Z Silkiss, Jennifer A Sivak-Callcott, Patrick Stauffer, Stephen R Planck
Importance: Although a variety of well-characterized diseases, such as sarcoidosis and granulomatosis with polyangiitis, affect the lacrimal gland, many patients with dacryoadenitis are diagnosed as having nonspecific orbital inflammation (NSOI) on the basis of histology and systemic disease evaluation. The ability to further classify the disease in these patients should facilitate selection of effective therapies. Objective: To test the a priori hypothesis that gene expression profiles would complement clinical and histopathologic evaluations in identifying well-characterized diseases and in subdividing NSOI into clinically relevant groups...
September 21, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
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