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Saudi Arabia Health

Rami A Elshatarat, Mohammed I Yacoub, Zyad T Saleh, Inas A Ebeid, Ahmad H Abu Raddaha, Majed S Al-Za'areer, Roqia S Maabreh
The current study addresses lack of knowledge about assessment and management of postpartum depression (PPD) among nurses and midwives in Saudi Arabia. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to recruit a convenience sample of 181 nurses and 143 midwives. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Nurses and midwives lacked knowledge about various aspects of PPD, including its definition, prevalence, symptoms, risk factors, screening tools, and treatment. Only one third of participants were confident in their ability to provide education for women about PPD...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Manal Alharbi
OBJECTIVES: To explores emotional intelligence (EI)  among Saudi children in basic education programs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was utilized. A convenience sample of students (n=684) from 10 schools in Saudi Arabia completed the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory-Youth Version. Correlation and regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Most students (mean 83.2) showed poor emotional and social skills (p less than 90 EI)...
June 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Laila A AlBishi, Kousalya Prabahar, Yara M Albalawi, Shahad A Albalawi, Ashwaq A Abosalem, Wjdan A Alqarni, Salha A Almarhapi, Maram M Albalawi
OBJECTIVES: To understand the knowledge, attitude, and practice of healthcare practitioners in Saudi Arabia, with regard to vitamin D supplementation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among healthcare practitioners in the Tabuk region of Saudi Arabia between January 2015 and December 2016. A questionnaire assessing knowledge, attitude and practice with regard to prevention of vitamin D deficiency was distributed to 100 healthcare practitioners. RESULTS: There was a good understanding of the importance of vitamin D deficiency; and overall practices were good...
June 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Yahia A Kaabi
Context: Obesity is a major health concern in Saudi Arabia. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) seems to play a major role in the regulation of human metabolism; therefore, genetic polymorphisms in the UCP2 gene might contribute to obesity. Aim: This study aims to establish whether 45-blood pressure (BP) insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphisms in UCP2 are associated with moderate and/or severe obesity in a Saudi Arabian population. Settings and Design: Case-control study design...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jamal Rahmani, Solmaz Alipour, Ali Miri, Yadolah Fakhri, Seyed-Mohammad Riahi, Hassan Keramati, Masoud Moradi, Nazak Amanidaz, Rokhsane Hosseini Pouya, Zohreh Bahmani, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah
The current investigation was undertaken to take a review of the performed studies regarding the concentration and prevalence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1 ) of the consumed cow milk in the Middle East. In this context, all available studies published in databases include Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science among 1995 to December 2017; were screened accordingly. Also, the carcinogenic risk was estimated by calculating hazard index (HI) using the Monte Carlo simulation (MCS). The result of conducted meta-analysis for 49 articles containing 7484 data indicated that the rank order of type of milk based on the concentration of aflatoxin M1 was Ultra-high temperature processing (UHT) milk (82...
June 11, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Mohammad F Alharbi
Change management studies have emphasized the significance of an organization's readiness for change and transformation and have recommended strategies to affect change. Organizational readiness for change is a multi-faceted, multi-level, and multi-dimensional activity; its most important aspect is organizational members' willingness to accept and implement change because ignoring the human factors may result in resistance and failure. Through its National Transformation Program 2020, the Saudi Arabian government is attempting to effect radical changes in the structure and function of its health-care system to achieve quality care and effective service delivery...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Irfan Anjum Manarvi, Nader Mahr Matta
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that newly diagnosed diabetic patients need a lot of information about medical examinations, checkups, tests and precautions for its control besides its disastrous effects on heart, kidneys, eyes, foot and nerves etc. Patients in Saudi Arabia are generally not aware of most of the information they may need which is one the major reasons of its increasing number of patients. Past studies conducted are based on clinical data of hospitals and health care centers only discussed its effects...
June 11, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Norah Alatawi, Khawla A Daoud, Naema Altawil
BACKGROUND: Establishing understanding of infants' dietary intakes can support interventions to improve their diets and overall health. Because information on the dietary intakes of infants aged ≤12 months in Saudi Arabia is scarce, this study examined the diets of infants aged 6 and 12 months in Saudi Arabia and determined their main dietary sources of total energy and macronutrients. METHODS: A crosssectional dietary survey employing a single 24-hour recall was performed between May and December 2015 with a sample of mothers of 278 healthy 6-month-old and 259 12-month-old infants...
June 12, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
Omar B Da'ar, Anwar E Ahmed
This study set out to identify and analyse trends and seasonal variations of monthly global reported cases of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). It also made a prediction based on the reported and extrapolated into the future by forecasting the trend. Finally, the study assessed contributions of various risk factors in the reported cases. The motivation for this study is that MERS-CoV remains among the list of blueprint priority and potential pandemic diseases globally. Yet, there is a paucity of empirical literature examining trends and seasonality as the available evidence is generally descriptive and anecdotal...
June 11, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Nawaf I Blaisi
Saudi Arabia's date palm industry generates date palm ash (DPA) from the thermal processing of palm oil fibers and shells. This waste material has potential to be used as partial replacement of cement in structural mortar. However, no studies to date have examined its pollution potential. DPA was used as a cement replacement in Portland cement mortar (PCM) using a 10% and 100% replacement rate and then compared to an ordinary PCM control sample. Total elemental analysis, the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and monolith leaching tests were conducted...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Mahmoud A Nahhas, Felix Asamoah, Stephen Mullen, Bright I Nwaru, Ulugbek Nurmatov
INTRODUCTION: There has been a notable increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-aged children in many industrialised regions. The worldwide prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased from 4.2% in 1990 to 6.7% in 2010. Although many studies have been published, the epidemiological burden of overweight and obesity in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) is unclear. There is a need to bring together and appraise relevant studies in order to estimate the epidemiological burden (including incidence, prevalence, risk factors, trend over time) of overweight and obesity in this region and thus help to inform national and regional policies...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Othman Y Alkassabi, Hana Al-Sobayel, Einas S Al-Eisa, Syamala Buragadda, Ahmad H Alghadir, Amir Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Research has shown high rates of stress and dissatisfaction among allied health professionals, including physiotherapists, having an adverse impact on workforce retention rates. This study aimed to examine the job satisfaction and influential factors among physiotherapists working in private and government hospitals of Saudi Arabia with a focus on leadership style. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted among sixty-nine licensed physical therapists working in various health care settings in Riyadh...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Omar B Da'ar, Ashraf El-Metwally, Raghib Abu-Saris, Abdul Rahman Jazieh
Background: The risk of getting cancer before full life expectancy and mortalities per year are on the rise in Saudi Arabia. Yet, evidence of economic burden of cancer in the country remains largely unknown. In order to provide evidence, we attempted to estimate the economic burden in terms of indirect cost associated with premature cancer deaths among the active or potentially economically active population aged 15-60 years in Saudi Arabia. Method: Within the framework of the World Health Organization guide of identifying the economic consequences of disease and injury, our method employs cost-of-illness approach...
May 2018: Heliyon
Talal A Althomali
Background: Refractive errors are a form of optical defect affecting more than 2.3 billion people worldwide. As refractive errors are a major contributor of mild to moderate vision impairment, assessment of their relative proportion would be helpful in the strategic planning of health programs. Purpose: To determine the pattern of the relative proportion of types of refractive errors among the adult candidates seeking laser assisted refractive correction in a private clinic setting in Saudi Arabia...
2018: Open Ophthalmology Journal
Nagarajkumar Yenugadhati, Alhanouf Naji Albalawi, Aisha Taha Qureshey, Eiman Taha Qureshey, Hamdan Al-Jahdali, Abdul Rahman Jazieh, Anwar E Ahmed
Purpose: Oral health in cancer patients was known to influence the quality of life. However, the knowledge of possible factors associated with oral health in cancer patients is seriously lacking in Saudi Arabia. In this study, we aimed to determine the burden of adverse oral health in cancer patients and identify the associated factors for oral health problems. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study design was used to recruit a total of 375 cancer patients who attended oncology outpatient clinics at King Abdulaziz Medical City - Riyadh (KAMC-R) by using a consecutive sampling technique...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Ali Alsaqr, Ali Abu Sharha, Raied Fagehi, Awatif Almutairi, Sarah Alosaimi, Abdulrahman Almalki, Abdulaziz Alluwaymi
Purpose: The visual status of adolescents in Saudi Arabia (SA) has not been well reported. To date, the prevalence and types of refractive errors (REs), amblyopia, strabismus, and correctable visual impairments have not been quantified. The aim of the study was to investigate the visual status in adolescents in Riyadh, SA. Methods: This study was based on a population cross-sectional and random cluster design. After design and the sample calculations, 1,007 participants, 12-20 years of age, were screened during the study...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Mamdouh M Shubair, Abdulrahman Aldiab, Jamaan M Al-Zahrani, Khaled K Aldossari, Mowafa Househ, Shanila Nooruddin, Hira Abdul Razzak, Ashraf El-Metwally
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight are accompanied with several different chronic diseases. Overweight and obesity can be measured by using body mass index (BMI) and is also used widely as an index of relative adiposity among any population. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among general population in Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was undertaken from a representative sample (N = 1019) of the Al Kharj population...
June 5, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Mohammad Mari, Aladeen Alloubani, Mohammad Alzaatreh, Hamzeh Abunab, Analita Gonzales, Mohammad Almatari
Job satisfaction improves the outcome of health care services. Nurses' job satisfaction should receive more attention in Saudi Arabia, and worldwide. This study was undertaken to measure factors that affect job satisfaction among critical care nurses at King Khalid Hospital in Saudi Arabia. This study used a quantitative, cross-sectional method. A convenient sample of 190 critical care nurses was recruited from the main government hospital in Saudi Arabia. Job satisfaction scales were used in this study. Overall, the staff nurses were neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with their work...
July 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Mohammed K Al-Hanawi, Omar Alsharqi, Kirit Vaidya
The bulk of health care service provision in Saudi Arabia is undertaken by the public health care sector through the Ministry of Health, which is funded annually by the total government budget, which, in turn, is derived primarily from oil revenue. Public health care services in Saudi Arabia are characterised by an overload, overuse, and shortage of medical personnel, which can result in dissatisfaction with the quality of the current public health care services. This study uses a contingent valuation method to investigate the willingness of Saudi people to pay for improvements to the quality of public health care services...
June 4, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
Samy Shaban Mahmoud, Mona Husein El Mahdy, Mohamed Salih Mahfouz, Ibrahim Saad Nada, Abdulwahab Abdoh Aqeeli, Mohammed Ahmed Al Darbi, Anas Elias Ahmed
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a growing health problem. Care programs should involve the patients to upgrade their diabetes condition and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Objective: The present study aimed to assess the effects of a psychoeducational intervention program on an indicator of glycemic control and HRQoL among type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: In this quasi-experimental (pre- and postinterventional) study, 99 outpatients with type 2 diabetes were selected randomly from those attending primary health care centers in Jazan, Saudi Arabia, in 2016...
2018: BioMed Research International
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