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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512276/osteoporosis-knowledge-and-related-health-behavior-among-women-in-jazan-region-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#1
Ismail A Darout, Abdelwhab Alamir, Sameena Sultana
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease that can be prevented to some extent by awareness of its risk factors and related health behavior. The aim of this study was to collect information about knowledge and awareness of osteoporosis among women living in Jazan and to describe the type of food habits, sociodemographic characteristics, and other osteoporosis-related health behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511510/patterns-of-partial-edentulism-and-its-relation-to-khat-chewing-in-jazan-population-a-survey-study
#2
Mohammed Al Moaleem
INTRODUCTION: Partial edentulism is a prime indicator of overall oral health in a given country. Khat chewing habit in the south region of Saudi Arabia is widely practiced by a majority of the population. AIM: To determine the frequency of Kennedy's classes in each arch among different age groups, gender and to find out the relationship between khat chewing and the pattern of partial edentulism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data was collected from 780 subjects reporting to the College of Dentistry, Jazan University, who required removable partial dentures...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508405/detection-of-cytological-changes-in-oral-mucosa-among-users-of-smokeless-tobacco-shamma-in-the-ksa
#3
Eid I Brima
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use is a major cause of cytological changes in the oral mucosa. ST products, such as shamma, which is prevalent in southern Saudi Arabia, raise concerns about the adverse health effects among its users. We evaluated the cytological changes in the oral mucosa of users and nonusers of shamma in the city of Najran, using Papanicolaou staining. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed questionnaires and consent forms for this study that were administered to a total of 397 participants, comprising 250 nonusers of shamma (controls) and 147 shamma users (cases)...
May 15, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507625/surveillance-of-the-most-prevalent-medical-diseases-among-pediatric-age-groups-and-evaluation-of-the-control-measures-used-at-tabuk-hospitals-saudi-arabia
#4
Ameinah Omar Al Tabbal, Seham Sulaiman Al Humedi
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, medical recordings has increased dramatically leading to more awareness of the diseases commonly affecting paediatric age groups opening a wide entrance to the prevention of possible complications and decrease its incidence. AIM: This article aims to assess the prevalence of the commonly encountered paediatric medical diseases by affected system among admitted paediatric patients of different age groups in Tabuk and to identify their burden...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501070/use-of-evidence-based-decision-making-in-comprehensive-dental-treatment-of-a-patient-with-meth-mouth-a-case-report
#5
Saad A Al Hazzani
OBJECTIVE: This case report illustrates the use of evidence-based practice in formulating a comprehensive dental treatment plan for a patient who presented himself with signs of oral health debilitation accompanying methamphetamine (MA) abuse called "meth mouth" with the goal of providing dental care practitioners in Saudi Arabia with an insight into the global problem of MA abuse and its impact on oral health. BACKGROUND: This report documents the case of a 22-year-old male patient who reported to the clinic with rampant caries caused due to MA abuse exacerbated by poor oral hygiene and smoking habit...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500431/molecular-aspects-of-mers-cov
#6
REVIEW
Ali A Rabaan, Ali M Bazzi, Shamsah H Al-Ahmed, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a betacoronavirus which can cause acute respiratory distress in humans and is associated with a relatively high mortality rate. Since it was first identified in a patient who died in a Jeddah hospital in 2012, the World Health Organization has been notified of 1735 laboratory-confirmed cases from 27 countries, including 628 deaths. Most cases have occurred in Saudi Arabia. MERS-CoVancestors may be found in OldWorld bats of the Vespertilionidae family...
May 13, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497533/the-saudi-national-mental-health-survey-methodological-and-logistical-challenges-from-the-pilot-study
#7
Mona Shahab, Feda Al-Tuwaijri, Lisa Bilal, Sanaa Hyder, Abdulhameed Abdullah Al-Habeeb, Abdullah Al-Subaie, Zeina Mneimneh, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Nancy Sampson, Ronald C Kessler, Yasmin Altwaijri
Several challenges exist in carrying out nation-wide epidemiological surveys in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) due to the unique characteristics of its population. The objectives of this report are to review these challenges and the lessons learnt about best practices in meeting these challenges from the extensive piloting of the Saudi National Mental Health Survey (SNMHS), which is being carried out as part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative. We focus on challenges involving sample design, instrumentation, and data collection procedures...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494624/an-overview-of-the-performance-improvement-initiatives-by-the-ministry-of-health-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#8
Mazen Hassanain
Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health (MOH) use corporate performance improvement methodologies to develop and implement performance improvement initiatives designed to continue building on the Ministry's vision of transforming hospital operations and instituting a culture of quality and performance focused on the "patient first" principle. We evaluated the feasibility of setting up a performance improvement unit (PIU) within the MOH to apply the principles of Lean Six Sigma and to change management methodologies...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490967/comparative-study-of-fatty-acid-composition-of-table-eggs-from-the-jeddah-food-market-and-effect-of-value-addition-in-omega-3-bio-fortified-eggs
#9
Shahida Aziz Khan, Aziz Khan, Sarah A Khan, Mohd Amin Beg, Ashraf Ali, Ghazi Damanhouri
Health consciousness has increased the desire of people around the world to consume functional foods. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are one among these beneficial and important health supplements without which a general predisposition to degenerative and stress related disorders can occur. Saudi Arabia has shown an alarming increase in obesity (Al-Nozha et al., 2005), diabetes (Alqurashi et al., 2011), and cardiovascular disease (Al-Nozha et al., 2004) in the last few decades mainly due to nutritional transitions and lifestyle alterations (Amuna and Zotor, 2008)...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487774/perception-and-attitude-of-emergency-room-resident-physicians-toward-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-outbreak
#10
Mohammed Al Ghobain, Turki Aldrees, Abdullah Alenezi, Saleh Alqaryan, Dana Aldabeeb, Najed Alotaibi, Abdulrahman Aldhabib, Shaker Alghalibi, Sami Alharethy
Introduction. Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreaks have had a considerable negative impact on health systems in Saudi Arabia. We aimed to study the psychological impact of a Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak on emergency room resident physicians (ERRPs). Methods. We assessed the MERS-related psychological impact and concerns of ERRPs using a self-report questionnaire. Results. The majority (91%) of the ERRPs agreed that their work put them at risk of infection, but most (65%) did not agree that they should not be looking after patients infected with MERS...
2017: Emergency Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480570/in-vitro-antifungal-probiotic-and-antioxidant-functional-properties-of-a-novel-lactobacillus-paraplantarum-isolated-from-fermented-dates-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi
BACKGROUND: Fermented foods produced using dates are used in Gulf countries as beneficial and healthful foods. The beneficial microbial flora in fermented dates contributes to maintaining the nutritional properties of dates by preventing the growth of spoilage fungi. Here, we examined the antifungal, probiotic, and antioxidant properties of the novel Lactobacillus strain D-3 isolated from fermented dates. RESULTS: Analyzing the morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics of this strain demonstrated that it was similar to Lactobacillus species, and molecular level amplification of the 16S rRNA gene showed that it belonged to Lactobacillus paraplantarum...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480079/prevalence-of-dietary-supplements-use-among-gymnasium-users
#12
Ayman H Jawadi, Abdulmalik M Addar, Abdulaziz S Alazzam, Fahad O Alrabieah, Abdullah S Al Alsheikh, Roaa R Amer, Al Anoud S Aldrees, Maha A Al Turki, Ali K Osman, Motasim Badri
Background. Several studies showed that regular gymnasium users use various dietary supplements without comprehension of their potential risks. Objective. To determine the prevalence and dietary supplement intake and assess the awareness of supplement use among regular gymnasium users in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among regular gymnasium users in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between April 2015 and June 2015. A validated structured questionnaire was used. Results...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478775/serological-evidence-of-coronavirus-infections-in-native-hamadryas-baboons-papio-hamadryas-hamadryas-of-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#13
A O Olarinmoye, B O Olugasa, H Niphuis, R V Herwijnen, E Verschoor, A Boug, O O Ishola, H Buitendijk, Z Fagrouch, K Al-Hezaimi
The hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas hamadryas) is the only indigenous species of non-human primates (NHP) found in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). There are no peer-reviewed publications on viral infections of the baboons of KSA. Apart from camels, other animals are likely sources of the novel Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERSCoV) for humans. We investigated evidence of highly pathogenic coronavirus infections including MERSCoV in a large group of commensal baboons accompanied by feral dogs, on the outskirts of Ta'if city, KSA, in February 2013...
May 8, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472502/infectious-disease-outbreak-response-mind-the-rights-gap
#14
Sara E Davies
The international organization responsible for international coordinated response to disease outbreaks-the World Health Organization (WHO)-was given permission to receive reports from informants other than the state in revisions to the International Health Regulations (IHR) in 2005. However, the organization struggles to protect its corresponding right to receive reports from non-state actors on outbreak events. This article examines the consequences of this implementation gap between what is promised in the IHR-the right of WHO to receive reports from non-state actors on outbreak events-and the reality that states remain able and willing to act to ensure that this right is not exercised...
May 4, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472140/validation-of-a-diabetes-numeracy-test-in-arabic
#15
Hussah Alghodaier, Hoda Jradi, Najwa Samantha Mohammad, Amen Bawazir
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes Mellitus in Saudi Arabia is 24%, ranking it among the top ten Worldwide. Diabetes education focuses on self-management and relies on numeracy skills. Poor numeracy may go unrecognized and it is important to have an assessment tool in Arabic to measure such a skill in diabetes care. OBJECTIVES: To validate a 15-item Diabetes Numeracy Test (DNT-15) in the Arabic Language as a tool to assess the numeracy skills of patients with diabetes and to test its properties among Saudi patients with diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469519/factors-influencing-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#16
Riyadh A Alzaheb
BACKGROUND: Breast milk contains all the nutrients infants need for their first 6 months of life. However, only a minority of Saudi Arabian mothers exclusively breastfeed, so the influencing factors must be examined to encourage more to do so. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months and its associated factors in Tabuk, North West Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A total of 589 mothers of healthy infants aged between 6 and 24 months were interviewed while attending Well-Baby Clinics within 5 primary health care centers...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464877/assessment-of-knowledge-about-biobanking-among-healthcare-students-and-their-willingness-to-donate-biospecimens
#17
Leena Merdad, Lama Aldakhil, Rawan Gadi, Mourad Assidi, Salina Y Saddick, Adel Abuzenadah, Jim Vaught, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Biobanks and biospecimen collections are becoming a primary means of delivering personalized diagnostics and tailoring individualized therapeutics. This shift towards precision medicine (PM) requires interactions among a variety of stakeholders, including the public, patients, healthcare providers, government, and donors. Very few studies have investigated the role of healthcare students in biobanking and biospecimen donations. The main aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the knowledge of senior healthcare students about biobanks and (2) to assess the students' willingness to donate biospecimens and the factors influencing their attitudes...
May 2, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460638/using-patient-values-and-preferences-to-inform-the-importance-of-health-outcomes-in-practice-guideline-development-following-the-grade-approach
#18
Yuan Zhang, Pablo Alonso Coello, Jan Brożek, Wojtek Wiercioch, Itziar Etxeandia-Ikobaltzeta, Elie A Akl, Joerg J Meerpohl, Waleed Alhazzani, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Rebecca L Morgan, Reem A Mustafa, John J Riva, Ainsley Moore, Juan José Yepes-Nuñez, Carlos Cuello-Garcia, Zulfa AlRayees, Veena Manja, Maicon Falavigna, Ignacio Neumann, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Nancy Santesso, Bram Rochwerg, Andrea Darzi, Maria Ximena Rojas, Yaser Adi, Claudia Bollig, Reem Waziry, Holger J Schünemann
BACKGROUND: There are diverse opinions and confusion about defining and including patient values and preferences (i.e. the importance people place on the health outcomes) in the guideline development processes. This article aims to provide an overview of a process for systematically incorporating values and preferences in guideline development. METHODS: In 2013 and 2014, we followed the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to adopt, adapt and develop 226 recommendations in 22 guidelines for the Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
May 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459869/health-rights-knowledge-among-medical-school-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#19
Samia M Al-Amoudi, Abdullah A Al-Harbi, Nasser Y Al-Sayegh, Basem S Eldeek, Souzan M Kafy, Mahmoud S Al-Ahwal, Nabeel S Bondagji
BACKGROUND: Health care is a basic human right, and Saudi Arabia affirms these rights for all its citizens. OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge of medical students regarding health rights in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) from September 2015 through November 2015. A questionnaire written in English collected demographic data and included questions about reproductive health care and health rights of women and patients with cancer, senility, or special needs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454079/burnout-and-its-association-with-extracurricular-activities-among-medical-students-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Sami A Almalki, Abdullah I Almojali, Ali S Alothman, Emad M Masuadi, Meshal K Alaqeel
Objectives: To assess levels of burnout in medical students, and to explore the influence of extracurricular activities on burnout at a medical school in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with first to fourth year medical students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Socio-demographic, burnout level (the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, MBI-SS) and participation in extracurricular activities data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
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