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Saudi Arabia Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807812/evaluation-and-clinical-validation-of-two-field-deployable-reverse-transcription-insulated-isothermal-pcr-assays-for-the-detection-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#1
Yun Young Go, Yeon-Sook Kim, Shinhye Cheon, Sangwoo Nam, Keun Bon Ku, Meehyein Kim, Nam Hyuk Cho, Hyun Park, Pei-Yu Alison Lee, Yu-Chun Lin, Yun-Long Tsai, Hwa-Tang Thomas Wang, Udeni B R Balasuriya
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is an emerging zoonotic viral respiratory disease that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. In 2015, the largest MERS outbreak outside of the Middle East region occurred in the Republic of Korea. The rapid nosocomial transmission of MERS-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Korean healthcare settings highlighted the importance and urgent need for a rapid and reliable on-site diagnostic assay to implement effective control and preventive measures. Here, we describe the evaluation and validation of two newly developed reverse transcription-insulated isothermal PCR (RT-iiPCR) methods targeting the ORF1a and upE genes of MERS-CoV...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806141/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-saudi-arabia-a-comprehensive-overview
#2
Abuzaid A Abuzaid, Abdalmohsin M Abdoon, Mohamed A Aldahan, Abdullah G Alzahrani, Raaft F Alhakeem, Abdullah M Asiri, Mohamed H Alzahrani, Ziad A Memish
Despite the great efforts by health authorities in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) continues to be a major public health problem in the country. Many risk factors make KSA prone to outbreaks and epidemics; among these, rapid urbanization and the huge population movement are the most important. The disease is endemic in many parts of KSA, with the majority of cases concentrated in six regions, including Al-Qaseem, Riyadh, Al-Hassa, Aseer, Ha'il, and Al-Madinah. Leishmania major (L...
August 14, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802180/new-episode-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-outbreak-in-saudi-arabia-an-emerging-public-health-threat
#3
Abdul Waheed Khan, Andrew W Taylor-Robinson, Zeeshan Nasim, Fazli Zahir, Abid Ali, Shahid Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798887/attitude-toward-prenatal-testing-and-termination-of-pregnancy-among-health-professionals-and-medical-students-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Nagwa E A Gaboon, Khadijah H Bakur, Alaa Y Edrees, Jumana Y Al-Aama
This study was aimed at assessing the attitude of health care professionals in Jeddah city toward prenatal diagnosis (PND) and termination of pregnancy (TOP). A cross-sectional study was conducted, and the participants completed a self-administered questionnaire. Approximately 82% of participants showed a consistent trend of accepting PND when appropriate, and 47.5% of the respondents were in favor of TOP if the fetus had a severe disease. Compared with men (69.3%), a significantly greater number of women (88%) accepted to have PND...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794876/the-history-and-epidemiology-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-corona-virus
#5
REVIEW
Aisha M Al-Osail, Marwan J Al-Wazzah
Corona viruses cause common cold, and infections caused by corona viruses are generally self-resolving. During the last 4 years, corona viruses have become the most important viruses worldwide because of the occurrence of several recent deaths caused by corona viruses in Saudi Arabia. Spread of the infection occurred worldwide; however, most cases of mortality have occurred in the Middle East. Owing to the predominance of outbreaks in the Middle Eastern countries, the virus was renamed a Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (MERS-CoV) by the Corona virus Study Group...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782348/factors-affecting-oral-health-determinants-in-female-university-students-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Najla S Dar-Odeh, Fatimah Ali Aleithan, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Mohammad H Al-Shayyab, Shaden O Abu-Hammad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
Objective This study aims at investigating factors affecting oral health patterns, attitudes and health risk behaviors among female university students. Methods An online questionnaire was distributed to female university students in Al Madinah in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Students were requested to answer questions on demographic data, oral hygiene practices, dental attendance, smoking history, practice of sports and body weight and height. Results Two hundred and fourteen students participated with age range of 18-31 years (mean = 21...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780210/heavy-metals-lead-cadmium-methylmercury-arsenic-in-commonly-imported-rice-grains-oryza-sativa-sold-in-saudi-arabia-and-their-potential-health-risk
#7
Iman Al-Saleh, Mai Abduljabbar
The levels of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, methylmercury and arsenic) were determined in 37 brands of imported rice commonly consumed in Saudi Arabia after soaking and rinsing with water, and their potential health risks to residents were estimated by three indices: hazard quotient (HQ), hazard index (HI) and cancer risk (CR). The mean levels of lead, cadmium, methylmercury and total arsenic in soaked (rinsed) rice grains were 0.034 (0.057), 0.015 (0.027), 0.004 (0.007) and 0.202 (0.183) μg/g dry weight, respectively...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762438/impact-of-shift-work-on-sleep-and-daytime-performance-among-health-care-professionals
#8
Sultan M Alshahrani, Abdulsalam A Baqays, Abdelelah A Alenazi, Abdulaziz M AlAngari, Ahmad N AlHadi
To evaluate sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in health care professionals who are performing shift work. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 510 health care professionals at Prince Sultan Military Medical City and King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between December 2015 and April 2016. Data were collected using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Participants were divided into 2 groups: shift workers and non-shift workers...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762437/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-12-week-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-program-at-a-primary-care-obesity-clinic-for-adults-in-western-saudi-arabia
#9
Riyad Q Alghamdi
To assess the ability of a 12-week primary care-based intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI), to facilitate a 5% reduction in baseline weight compared with an education-only active comparator (AC).  Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted in a primary health care setting in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between December 2014 and June 2015. Arab participants with obesity, but who were otherwise healthy (n=140), were randomized to the ILI (n=70) or AC (n=70) group. The ILI group received 8 clinical visits throughout the study...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762433/incidence-and-molecular-characterization-of-the-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-urinary-tract-infections-in-eastern-saudi-arabia
#10
Fahad A Mashwal, Salah H El Safi, Siju K George, Ahmed A Adam, Arulanantham Z Jebakumar
To find the prevalence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli)-producing extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) at King Fahd Military Medical Complex in Dhahran (KFMMC) and to detect the genes responsible for its production. In addition, we determined the pattern of multi-drug resistance among isolates. Methods: A total of 117 uropathogenic E. coli isolates were collected from KFMMC over a period of 4 months from March 2014 to June 2014. These were received in the Microbiology Laboratory at Prince Sultan Military College of Health Sciences (PSMCHS), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia for analysis...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762429/level-of-evidence-of-abdominal-surgery-clinical-research-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Yazid Maghrabi, Muad Baeesa, Jawaher Kattan, Abdulmalik Altaf, Saleh S Baeesa
To quantify and evaluate the level of evidence (LOE) of Saudi publications in abdominal surgery and correlate the obtained results with that of other similar national and international studies. Methods: Study design was a systemic review. Literature search strategy was developed to retrieve available articles between January 2000 and  December 2016 that are related to abdominal surgery utilizing PubMed and Google Scholar. Retrieved articles were analyzed in depth with several parameters, then evaluated using (OEBM) level of evidence scale...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762428/health-empowerment-and-health-rights-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Samia M Al-Amoudi
[No Abstract Available].
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761033/perception-of-hospital-accreditation-among-health-professionals-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Hussein Algahtani, Ahmad Aldarmahi, Juan Manlangit Jr, Bader Shirah
BACKGROUND: Hospital accreditation assesses hospital performance against explicit standards. Studies of the efficacy of accreditation are limited, but suggest that Joint Commission International (JCI) accreditation is efficient in improving the safety and quality of care in accredited hospitals. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the perceptions of health professionals on the impact of JCI accreditation and implementation of change towards the delivery of quality patient care...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761032/influence-of-knowledge-and-beliefs-on-consumption-of-performance-enhancing-agents-in-north-western-saudi-arabia
#14
Omar Mansour Al, Rami Azmi Elshatarat
BACKGROUND: Consumption of performance enhancing agents (PEAs) has a wide range of negative health consequences, but knowledge of these consequences among gym users of PEAs in Saudi Arabia is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: Identify the knowledge, awareness, beliefs and attitudes of gym users about negative health consequences of using PEAs, and the relationship between these factors and use of these agents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761027/five-year-epidemiological-trends-for-chemical-poisoning-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#15
Sami Hamdan Alzahrani, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Mohammed Abdel Elnour, Ali Hassan Alqahtani
BACKGROUND: Poisoning is a significant global public health challenge in terms of morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study because of the lack of large population-based studies on chemical poisoning in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE: Describe epidemiological trends, associated factors, and outcomes of chemical poisoning cases reported to the Jeddah Health Affairs Directorate, Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Descriptive, retrospective medical record review...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761024/hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-prevalence-in-couples-attending-an-in-vitro-fertilization-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-comparison-with-ten-years-earlier
#16
Asma Albadran, Ali Hibshi, Bahjat Saeed, Coskun Sedar, Khalid Arab Awartani
BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) are a major public health problem in Saudi Arabia. Recent data has indicated a major reduction in viral hepatitis prevalence in Saudi population. However, there is limited data for infertile Saudi couples. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of HCV and HBV attending an in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic in Saudi Arabia between 2012 and 2015 to compare with the prevalence 10 years earlier in the same center. DESIGN: Retrospective prevalence study...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759623/spatial-modelling-of-contribution-of-individual-level-risk-factors-for-mortality-from-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-the-arabian-peninsula
#17
Oyelola A Adegboye, Ezra Gayawan, Fahad Hanna
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus is a contagious respiratory pathogen that is contracted via close contact with an infected subject. Transmission of the pathogen has occurred through animal-to-human contact at first followed by human-to-human contact within families and health care facilities. DATA AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective analysis of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus outbreak in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between June 2012 and July 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756825/the-prevalence-and-association-of-stress-with-sleep-quality-among-medical-students
#18
Abdullah I Almojali, Sami A Almalki, Ali S Alothman, Emad M Masuadi, Meshal K Alaqeel
INTRODUCTION: Medical students tend to reduce their sleep, in an effort to adjust and cope with their workload and stressful environment. This study estimated the prevalence of and the relationship between poor sleep quality and stress among medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using a stratified random sample of male and female medical students in King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to assess sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the stress level by using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748359/analysis-of-medication-errors-at-a-large-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Sheraz Ali, Nourah Ibrahim Aboheimed, Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Zaagi, Dalal Salem Al-Dossari
Background Medication errors (MEs) are common in health care settings and pose a threat for the hospitalized population. Therefore, aspects of MEs were explored in a tertiary setting serving a diverse population. Objective To examine the occurrence, severity and reporting of MEs in hospitalized patients. Methods This retrospective analysis included 10,683 ME report forms that were received by the Medication Safety Unit of King Saud Medical City (KSMC) in 2015. ME outcomes were determined according to the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention (NCC MERP) Index for categorizing MEs algorithm...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745902/disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#20
Sadaf G Sepanlou, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Kristopher J Krohn, Ashkan Afshin, Farshad Farzadfar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Chante Karimkhani, Sharzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Babak Eshrati, Ali Reza Esteghamati, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Pouria Heydarpour, Farhad Islami, Seyed M Karimi, Marzieh Katibeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Mahdi Mahdavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mostafa Qorbani, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sare Safi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Alireza Mohammadi, Ali H Mokdad, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Naghavi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health...
July 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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