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Saudi Arabia Health

Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Riaz Qureshi, Naghma Naeem, Abdulaziz Alshomrani, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nada Al Yousufi, Nasr Al Maflehi, Mohammad Al Naami, Amr Jamal, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: There is a need to better understand the depression phenomenon and to clarify why some students become depressed and others don't. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms among health professions' (HP) students, and to explore the association between socio-demographic factors (e.g. year of study, discipline, gender) and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, stratified proportionate sampling strategy was used to select the study sample during the academic year 2012-2013...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Ahmed M Mandil, Nuha A Alfurayh, Manar A Aljebreen, Sarah A Aldukhi
To evaluate levels of physical activity among physicians in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to study the possible factors affecting physical inactivity. In addition, the study aims to estimate the prevalence of major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and a possible correlation between physical inactivity and major NCDs.  Method: A cross-sectional approach was used for this study conducted on 370 randomly-selected outpatient physicians of both genders working at 4 leading healthcare institutions in Riyadh, Kindom of Saudi Arabia between December 2013 and January 2014...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdulrahman O Musaiger, Mariam Al-Mannai, Ahmad R Al-Haifi, Fatima Nabag, Jalila Elati, Nada Abahussain, Reema Tayyem, Marwan Jalambo, Mofida Benhamad, Berivan Al-Mufty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to highlight the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in eight Arab countries. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in eight Arab countries: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Tunisia. The total sample included was 6,447 adolescents aged 15-18 years (3,111 males, 3,336 females). The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and World Health Organization (WHO) reference standards were used to determine obesity levels...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ghaleb Elyamany, Mohamed Al Amro, Winston Costa Pereira, Omar Alsuhaibani
INTRODUCTION: Syphilis is one of the known transfusion-transmissible infections and causes 100,000 deaths yearly, with around 90% of these deaths occurring in the developing world. Little data is available regarding the prevalence of syphilis among Saudi blood and stem cell donors. We conducted a survey on the incidence of syphilis among all blood and stem cell donors. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Prince Sultan Military Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in the 10 years period data during 2006-2015...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Ahmed I Albarrak, Rafiuddin Mohammed, Nasriah Zakaria, Lujain M Alyousef, Noura B Almefgai, Hend D Alqahtani, Hanan S Alamer, Ahlam A Alsulaiman
Background & Objectives: The present study was to investigate the use of the internet among university students accessing obesity health information and further to measure their satisfaction and in decision-making. Methods: A cross sectional study, among students at King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This study received ethical clearance from Institutional Review Board, College of Medicine, KSU. Female and male of undergraduate and postgraduate, enrolled through a random sampling. The survey questionnaire was self-administered and consisted of two sections...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Thamir M Alshammari
Patient education is one of the main factors of patient therapeutic plan and without it, the patient may not benefit from his/her medications. Several studies showed the effectiveness of educating patients about their disease(s) and their medication(s) which ultimately enhance their quality of life especially in chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Concept of patient education is well known and understood in the Western countries while in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia it is not well established despite some efforts made by few big hospitals...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Mohamed M Abd El-Mawgod, Arwa S Alshaibany, Aeshah M Al-Anazi
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems, especially among young girls. It results in absence from school and work. It has some negative effects on the daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily do not seek help from others in this situation. Identification of abnormal menstrual patterns during adolescence may permit early prevention of potential health concerns in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and impact of dysmenorrhea in secondary-school students and its association with school absenteeism in Arar city...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Bo Gao, Qin Shao, Hani Choudhry, Victoria Marcus, Kung Dong, Jiannis Ragoussis, Zu-Hua Gao
After the publication of the article, the authors noted that the affiliation for Dr Hani Choudhry is wrong. The correct affiliation should be as follows: Bo Gao1, Qin Shao2, Hani Choudhry3, Victoria Marcus2, Kung Dong5, Jiannis Ragoussis4 and Zu-Hua Gao2, 1Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, P.R. China; 2Department of Pathology, The Research Institute of McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Québec H4A 3J1, Canada; 3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Cancer and Mutagenesis Unit, King Fahd Center for Medical Research, Center of Innovation in Personalized Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 4McGill University and Genome Quebec Innovation Centre, Montreal, Québec H3B 1S6, Canada; 5Department of Pathology, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, P...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Erica DeNicola, Omar S Aburizaize, Azhar Siddique, Haider Khwaja, David O Carpenter
Injury was the largest single cause of disability-adjusted life years and death in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 2013. The vast majority of injury-related fatalities are deaths caused by road traffic. Measures to control this serious public health issue, which has significant consequences for both Saudi families and the Saudi economy as a whole, have been underway for years but with little success. Most attempts at intervening revolve around attempts for enforcing stricter traffic laws and by installing automated traffic monitoring systems that will catch law breakers on camera and issue tickets and fines...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Fahad D Alosaimi, Fay S Alruwais, Fadah A Alanazi, Ghaida A Alabidi, Nadia A Aljomah, Nuha S Alsalameh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible causes behind adults seeking psychotropic medications without a prescription; identify the most commonly used psychotropic medications without a prescription; and determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders among adults who used psychotropic medications without a prescription in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2014 to August 2015. A convenience sample was taken by distributing a self-administered questionnaire among participants who had obtained psychotropic medications without a prescription from retail pharmacies during the 4 weeks prior to study intake in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal S Vennu
Stroke is a major cause of death and other complications worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, stroke has become an emerging health issue leading to disability and death. However, stroke care including rehabilitation services, in Saudi Arabia lags behind developed countries. Stroke rehabilitation is an essential recovery option after stroke and should start as early as possible to avoid potential complications. The growing evidence on stroke rehabilitation effectiveness in different health care settings and outcome measures used widely are reviewed in this call to action paper...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Hana Alsobayel
BACKGROUND: Social media can be used in health care settings to enhance professional networking and education; patient communication, care, and education; public health programs; organizational promotion; and research. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the use of social media networks for the purpose of professional development among health care professionals in Saudi Arabia using a purpose-designed Web-based survey. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey was undertaken...
September 12, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Hanan H Balkhy, Aiman El-Saed, Faisal M Sanai, Mohammad Alqahtani, Mashael Alonaizi, Nermeen Niazy, Abdulrahman Aljumah
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence with recommended follow-up visits is a major barrier for completing treatment of viral hepatitis and is consequently associated with unfavorable outcomes of health services. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the magnitude and identify perceived reasons and patient characteristics associated with loss to follow-up in a tertiary care setting. METHODS: A two-step cross-sectional study design was used, including a chart review (2011) followed by phone survey (2012)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
H E El Bushra, M N Abdalla, H Al Arbash, Z Alshayeb, S Al-Ali, Z Al-Abdel Latif, H Al-Bahkit, O Abdalla, M Mohammed, H Al-Abdely, M Chahed, A L Lohiniva, A Bin Saeed
Between 19 April and 23 June 2015, 52 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome due to coronavirus (MERS) were reported from Al-Ahssa region, eastern Saudi Arabia. The first seven cases occurred in one family; these were followed by 45 cases in three public hospitals. The objectives of this investigation were to describe the epidemiological characteristic of the cluster and identify potential risk factors and control measures to be instituted to prevent further occurrence of MERS. We obtained the medical records of all confirmed cases, interviewed the members of the affected household and reviewed the actions taken by the health authorities...
October 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Ahmed Al-Kuwaiti, Karen Homa, Thennarasu Maruthamuthu
BACKGROUND: A performance improvement model was developed that focuses on the analysis and interpretation of performance indicator (PI) data using statistical process control and benchmarking. PIs are suitable for comparison with benchmarks only if the data fall within the statistically accepted limit-that is, show only random variation. Specifically, if there is no significant special-cause variation over a period of time, then the data are ready to be benchmarked. METHODS: The proposed Define, Measure, Control, Internal Threshold, and Benchmark model is adapted from the Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control (DMAIC) model...
2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Mohammad-Abdul Baseer, Shahzeb-Hasan Ansari, Sultan-Saleh AlShamrani, Abdul-Rahman Alakras, Raif Mahrous, Abdul-Majeed Alenazi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of airborne and droplet isolation precautions among Dental Health Professionals (DHPs) (dental students, interns, practitioners and auxiliaries) during the outbreak of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), corona virus infection in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 406 dental health professionals (DHPs) working in selected dental facilities in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia during the outbreak of MERS (April-June 2013)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Najla Dar-Odeh, Ahmad Alnazzawi, Noora Shoqair, Mohammad H Al-Shayyab, Osama Abu-Hammad
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe tobacco smoking prevalence, practice, and the associated health perceptions among dental practitioners have not been previously reported. This study aims to determine the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among dental practitioners and to evaluate their awareness of health hazards of waterpipe smoking, particularly the adverse effects on oral health. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among dental practitioners. Surveyed dental practitioners practiced dentistry in the holy city of Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, a city in the Central-Western Region of Saudi Arabia, and the study was conducted during March 2015...
2016: Tobacco Use Insights
Moayad A Al Zamil, Mostafa A Arafa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of knowledge and awareness of the cost of the currently used blood investigations, imaging studies, admission cost, and surgical instrument among surgeons in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: It was a cross-section study conducted in Riyadh city, the capital of Saudi Arabia. SETTING: Multihealth centers including main University hospital, Military hospitals, and Ministry of health hospitals. All surgeons in the health facilities were invited to participate in the study...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
B O Gaffar, M El Tantawi, A Al-Ansari, A S AlAgl
This study assessed the association between oral health knowledge and practices of pregnant Saudi women selected from visitors to a government hospital in Dammam, Saudi Arabia in 2014. Women answered questions on oral health knowledge during pregnancy and knowledge of infant oral health. Most women (> 70%) knew that dental caries in children can be prevented, that pregnancy affects oral health and that dental treatment during pregnancy can negatively affect infants. Most women (> 80%) performed oral hygiene procedures but only 18% regularly visited the dentist...
2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Jacqui Thornton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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