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Saudi Arabia Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676288/predictors-of-morbidity-and-mortality-post-emergency-abdominal-surgery-a-national-study
#1
Afnan Altamimi, Mazen Hassanain, Thamer Nouh, Khawlah Ateeq, Murad Aljiffry, Abrar Nawawi, Ghaith Al Saied, Mohammed Riaz, Huda Alanbar, Abdullah Altamimi, Saeed Alsareii, Mashael Al-Mousa, Abeer Al-Shammari, Saleh Alnuqaydan, Amal Ghzwany
Background/Aim: Emergency surgeries have increased in Saudi Arabia. This study examines these surgeries and associated complications. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective multicenter cohort study of patients undergoing emergency intraperitoneal surgery from the eight health sectors of Saudi Arabia. Patients' data were collected over 14 days. Results: In total, 283 patients were included (163 men [54.06%]). The majority of cases were open surgery (204 vs...
April 18, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673810/a-systematic-review-of-emerging-respiratory-viruses-at-the-hajj-and-possible-coinfection-with-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#2
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Samir Benkouiten, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia attracts millions of pilgrims from around the world. International health community's attention goes towards this mass gathering and the possibility of the development of any respiratory tract infections due to the high risk of acquisition of respiratory viruses. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus databases for relevant papers describing the prevalence of respiratory viruses among Hajj pilgrims...
April 16, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670716/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-dental-students-and-interns-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Hashem-Motahir Al-Shamiri, Fadyah-Eid AlShalawi, Tahani-Mohammed AlJumah, Maha-Mohammad AlHarthi, Esraa-Mohammed AlAli, Hanan-Mohammed AlHarthi
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a worldwide healthcare problem. Dental health care professionals are at a high risk of infection by HBV. The present study investigated the knowledge, attitude and practice of HBV infection among Saudi dental students and Interns in Saudi Arabia. Material and Methods: This was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of questions on students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding HBV was used...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666704/practice-patterns-and-barriers-for-intravenous-thrombolysis-a-survey-of-neurologists-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Mohammed H Alanazy, Rima B Barakeh, Alanood Asiri, Maha F Edrees, Ahmad R Abuzinadah, Bandar N Aljafen, Taim Muayqil
Only a small fraction of patients with acute ischemic stroke receive intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). We sought to assess barriers and practice patterns in using IVT for acute ischemic stroke among neurologists in Saudi Arabia. An electronic survey was sent to all neurologists registered with the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties. A total of 148 (77.5%) neurologists responded. The most common reported barriers for IVT administration were delayed presentation to hospitals (82.4%) and unclear time of symptom onset (50...
2018: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664456/quality-of-life-assessment-among-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Adel A Alhazzani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohammed S Alahmari, Muhannad A Asiri, Noof M Alamri, Leen A Sarhan, Shahad S Alkhashrami, Abdullmgeed A Asiri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QoL) among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the QoL of MS patients during the period from November 2016 to May 2017. Patients were recruited from tertiary hospitals in 5 regions in the kingdom. Clinical and demographic data were collected and information on patients` health status using the self-report SF-36 questionnaire to assess QoL...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661625/unusual-presentation-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-leading-to-a-large-outbreak-in-riyadh-during-2017
#6
Hala Amer, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Hind Alzoman, Nawfal Aljerian, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The hallmark of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) disease is the ability to cause major health care-associated nosocomial outbreaks with superspreading events leading to massive numbers of cases and excessive morbidity and mortality. In this report, we describe a patient who presented with acute renal failure requiring hemodialysis and became a MERS-CoV superspreader, igniting a recent multihospital outbreak in Riyadh. MATERIAL AND RESULTS: Between May 31 and June 15, 2017, 44 cases of MERS-CoV infection were reported from 3 simultaneous clusters from 3 health care facilities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, including 11 fatal cases...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657505/knowledge-and-attitude-of-health-care-professionals-toward-adverse-drug-reactions-reporting-at-king-saud-medical-city
#7
Khaja Moinuddin, Sheraz Ali, Amal Qadri Al-Aqqad, Sara Osama Salem, Maram Abdullah Al-Dossari, Abdullah Mohammad Ananzeh, Jaffer Bin Baqar
Background: Health-care professionals across the globe are obligated to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The knowledge of ADRs and attitude of health-care professionals toward ADRs reporting is vital for patient safety. This study intends to investigate the knowledge of ADRs and attitude of health-care professionals toward ADRs reporting. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study using an anonymous questionnaire was conducted over a period of 3 months (September 2016 to November 2016) at King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629467/currently-used-organophosphate-flame-retardants-determined-in-the-settled-dust-of-masjids-and-hotels-of-saudi-arabia-a-new-insight-into-human-health-implications-of-dust-exposure
#8
Nadeem Ali, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim Ismail, Mohammad W Kadi, Hussain Mohammed Salem Ali Albar
Indoor settled dust particles are considered as an important source of human exposure to chemicals such as organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs). In recent decades the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has experienced tremendous growth in population, as a result the number of masjids has also increased significantly to provide sufficient space for the public to offer prayers. The hospitality industry in KSA is also expanding to cater for the ever-increasing number of pilgrims visiting the two holy cities of the kingdom...
April 9, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629332/extent-of-awareness-regarding-oral-health-and-dental-treatment-needs-among-individuals-with-hearing-and-speech-impairments-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Mohammed Mustafa, Faris Yahya I Asiri, Shahad AlGhannam, Ibrahim Ali Mohammed AlQarni, Mohammed Abdullah AlAteeg, Sukumaran Anil
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the awareness level of the individuals with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb individuals), in relation to their oral health and dental treatment needs. Materials and Methods: The approach of stratified randomization method of sampling was used for the selection of participants. About 240 people with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb) were selected from four cities of Saudi Arabia, which includes AlKharj, Riyadh, Dammam and Abha...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628758/effect-of-anterior-crowding-or-spacing-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624760/nurse-turnover-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-an-integrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Rawaih Falatah, Olfat A Salem
AIM: To appraise and synthesise existing literature on nurse turnover in the Saudi Arabian context. BACKGROUND: Saudi Arabia is notably one of the nations with a health care system that is bombarded by high rates of turnover and turnover intention. Moreover, rapid population growth and the expansion of the health care system increase the demand on registered nurses in the kingdom. EVALUATION: Eleven primary sources were reviewed using Whittemore and Knafl's (Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2005; 52, 546-553) integrative review method...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623140/multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-an-emerging-health-threat-in-aseer-region-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Mohammed K Almaghrabi, Martin R P Joseph, Mohammed M Assiry, Mohamed E Hamid
Objective: The study aims to determine the prevalence of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii in Aseer Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This study evaluated the antibiotic susceptibility of ninety-four ( n  = 94) clinical isolates of A. baumannii . The isolates were collected from the south region of Saudi Arabia, and notably Aseer Region, during the period from 15 October 2014 to 15 January 2015. The isolates were tentatively identified as A. baumannii by routine bench tests and were confirmed by using VITEK® 2 Compact...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623022/overview-of-dengue-and-zika-virus-similarity-what-can-we-learn-from-the-saudi-experience-with-dengue-fever
#13
REVIEW
Sulaiman A Alshammari, Yousif S Alamri, Fatimah S Rabhan, Aljoharah A Alabdullah, Noura A Alsanie, Fatma A Almarshad, Amal N Alhaqbani
There is high public health alert in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia concerning Zika virus infection. So far, there is no reported outbreak. So are we at risk of this disease? Reviewing the literature of recent outbreaks of other infectious diseases in Saudi Arabia may clarify the situation. It is evident that there is some similarity between Zika and dengue regarding vector ( Aedes aegypti ) which is available in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Furthermore, they have similar transmission process and the required environment for infection...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623018/links-between-employment-related-factors-and-physical-and-mental-health-among-uninsured-expatriate-males-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Abdulwahab A Alkhamis, Shaima S Ali Miraj
Objectives: The objectives were to determine whether employment-related factors had influence on physical and mental health outcomes among uninsured expatriates working in Saudi Arabia and to identify whether these factors act as facilitators or barriers to health. Methods: Cross-sectional face-to-face interviewsusing previously published methodswere conducted among a multistage stratified cluster sample of 1370 employees as their problemsin seeking health benefits have notbeen studied...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620549/turnover-among-filipino-nurses-in-ministry-of-health-hospitals-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-recommendations-for-improvement
#15
Khalid Abdullah Aljohani, Omar Alomari
BACKGROUND: Nurse turnover is a critical challenge for healthcare organizations as it results in a decreasing nurse/patient ratio and increasing costs. AIM: Identify factors influencing the termination of Filipino nurses in Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals and record nurse recommendations to improve retention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Data was gathered from a convenience sample of Filipino nurses with previous experience in MOH hospitals in Saudi Arabia who attended recruitment interviews at the Saudi employment office in Manila...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620547/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-sickle-cell-disease-patients-in-the-eastern-province-of-saudi-arabia
#16
Ali AlJama, Mohammed AlKhalifah, Ibrahim Abdulla Al-Dabbous, Ghada Alqudaihi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a major global health problem. In sickle cell disease (SCD), VDD is highly prevalent, reaching up to 96% of populations. VDD may contribute to many of the complications of SCD. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and the frequency of VDD and insufficiency among among SCD patients by age group and disease status. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional. SETTING: Ministry of Health (MOH) secondary care hospital...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620541/screening-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-health-care-workers-working-in-hajj-pilgrimage-area-in-saudi-arabia-using-interferon-gamma-release-assay-and-tuberculin-skin-test
#17
Zakeya A Bukhary, Soliman M Amer, Magdy M Emara, Mohammad E Abdalla, Sahar A Ali
BACKGROUND: Interferon gamma release assays (IGRA) is highly specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is the preferred test in BCG-vaccinated individuals. The few studies that have screened health care workers (HCWs) in Saudi Arabia for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) using IGRA have varied in agreement with the traditional tuberculin skin test (TST). OBJECTIVE: Assess the prevalence of LTBI among HCWs working in the Hajj pilgrimage using IGRA and TST and measuring their agreement...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620540/reproductive-health-profile-and-circumcision-of-females-in-the-hali-semi-urban-region-saudi-arabia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Waleed Abdullah Milaat, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Hussain Mohammed Albar
BACKGROUND: Improving the reproductive health of females has be.come the focus of the developmental efforts of many nations. OBJECTIVES: To identify the reproductive health style of married females, and to determine the prevalence and predictors of circumcision among girls aged less than or equal 18 years in Hali semi-urban region. DESIGN: A cross-sectional household survey SETTING: Houses in Hali, Al-Qunfudhah governorate, western Saudi Arabia during 2017...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619496/barriers-to-special-care-patients-with-mental-illness-receiving-oral-healthcare-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-holy-city-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#19
Mohsen K Aljabri, Ibrahim Z Gadibalban, Aboelezz M Kalboush, Hesham S Sadek, Hassan H Abed
To assess barriers to patients with mental illness receiving oral healthcare in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a 3-month cross-sectional study from the Department of Psychiatry at Al-Noor, Specialist Hospital in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, between January 2017 and April 2017. A structured questionnaire with closed-ended questions was considered. A total of 161 psychiatric patients were recruited, made up of 81 male (50.3%) and 80 female (49.7%) participants. Simple descriptive statistics were used to define the characteristics of the study variables, through a form of counts and percentages...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619485/how-often-do-children-receive-their-vaccinations-late-and-why
#20
Maysaa A Banjari, Ahmed A Alamri, Ahmad Y Algarni, Meral H Abualjadayel, Yahya S Alshardi, Turki S Alahmadi
OBJECTIVES: To assess vaccination timeliness, risk factors associated with delays and the reasons for delayed vaccinations among children below the age of 3 years in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia during the period of May 2016 to August 2017. Data were obtained from parents of children under the age of 3 years using a structured questionnaire comprised of questions about sociodemographics, physical well-being of the child and the reasons that are used to justify delayed vaccinations...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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