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Saudi Arabia Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103858/the-personal-and-workplace-characteristics-of-uninsured-expatriate-males-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Abdulwahab Alkhamis, Peter Cosgrove, Gamal Mohamed, Amir Hassan
BACKGROUND: A major concern by the health decision makers in Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) countries is the burden of financing healthcare. While other GCC countries have been examining different options, Saudi Arabia has endeavoured to reform its private healthcare system and control expatriate access to government resources through the provision of Compulsory Employment-Based Health Insurance (CEBHI). The objective of this research was to investigate, in a natural setting, the characteristics of uninsured expatriates based on their personal and workplace characteristics...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103721/evidence-based-medicine-ebm-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-six-step-integrative-approach
#2
Hani Atwa, Adel Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) to provide valid and up-to-date information about health problems and procedures for solving these problems. However, studying EBM among other medical education disciplines remains unsatisfactory. AIM: To design and pilot a basic course on EBM for undergraduate medical students in order to raise the awareness of the Saudi medical education community about this discipline...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#3
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061852/the-occurrence-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-carrying-aminoglycoside-resistance-genes-in-urinary-tract-infections-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Essam J Alyamani, Anamil M Khiyami, Rayan Y Booq, Majed A Majrashi, Fayez S Bahwerth, Elena Rechkina
BACKGROUND: The infection and prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) is a worldwide problem, and the presence of ESBLs varies between countries. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of plasmid-mediated ESBL/AmpC/carbapenemase/aminoglycoside resistance gene expression in Escherichia coli using phenotypic and genotypic techniques. METHODS: A total of 58 E. coli isolates were collected from hospitals in the city of Makkah and screened for the production of ESBL/AmpC/carbapenemase/aminoglycoside resistance genes...
January 6, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056850/outbreak-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-saudi-arabia-a-retrospective-study
#5
Fadilah Sfouq Aleanizy, Nahla Mohmed, Fulwah Y Alqahtani, Rania Ali El Hadi Mohamed
BACKGROUND: The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is proposed to be a zoonotic disease. Dromedary camels have been implicated due to reports that some confirmed cases were exposed to camels. Risk factors for MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections in humans are incompletely understood. This study aimed to describe the demographic characteristics, mortality rate, clinical manifestations and comorbidities with confirmed cases of MERS-CoV. METHODS: Retrospective chart review were performed to identify all laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV in Saudi Arabia who reported to the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Saudi Arabia and WHO between April 23, 2014 and August 31, 2015...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055233/assessment-of-patients-medical-fitness-to-drive-by-primary-care-physicians-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ghassan A Alkharboush, Faisal A Al Rashed, Ahmed H Saleem, Ibrahim S Alnajashi, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Awad H Olaish, Junaid A Bhatti, Ahmed S BaHammam
OBJECTIVES: Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a significant health burden in Saudi Arabia. The literature has consistently indicated that chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea, and neurodevelopmental disorders, increase the risk of MVCs. Therefore, assessment of driver fitness by primary care physicians (PCPs) remains a major health intervention that might reduce MVCs. We studied the practices of PCPs in assessing medical fitness-to-drive in at-risk patients...
January 5, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053591/potentially-inappropriate-medications-prescribed-for-elderly-patients-through-family-physicians
#7
Abdulaziz Al Odhayani, Ayla Tourkmani, Mohammed Alshehri, Hala Alqahtani, Adel Mishriky
The elderly population is increasing throughout the globe, resulting in higher healthcare costs. Potential inappropriate medication (PIM) prescriptions are a major health problem affecting the elderly persons. Due to limited studies in PIM use in primary care and home healthcare in Saudi Arabia, we aim to examine the extent of PIM prescription for and use by elderly patients. This study was carried out with 798 elderly patients, arbitrarily selected from Prince Sultan Medical Military City through the patient register...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050981/intricate-evaluation-of-association-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-among-the-children-in-al-kharj-city-saudi-arabia
#8
Mohammed As Abu El Qomsan, Mohammed N Alasqah, Fahad A Alqahtani, Mohammed Aa Alobaydaa, Muteb M Alharbi, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are two of the most prevalent health conditions affecting children. Relative decrease in corporeal movements, escalating inactive lifestyles, and changes in dietary factors are strongly linked with the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and dental caries that significantly affects the quality of life of young children. The present study intends to explore the relationship between dental caries and obesity in children in Al-Kharj city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049440/an-assessment-of-the-level-of-concern-among-hospital-based-health-care-workers-regarding-mers-outbreaks-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Ali A AlQarni, Suliman M Al-Ghamdi, Mahmoud Salam, Mohammed H Al-Assiri, Hanan H Balkhy
BACKGROUND: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is caused by MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV). More than 80% of reported cases have occurred in Saudi Arabia, with a mortality exceeding 50%. Health-care workers (HCWs) are at risk of acquiring and transmitting this virus, so the concerns of HCWs in Saudi Arabia regarding MERS were evaluated. METHODS: An anonymous, self-administered, previously validated questionnaire was given to 1031 HCWs at three tertiary hospitals in Saudi Arabia from October to December, 2014...
January 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042639/the-saudi-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-prophylaxis-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-long-distance-travelers
#10
Fahad M Al-Hameed, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Mohamed A Abdelaal, Ali Alaklabi, Ebtisam Bakhsh, Yousef A Alomi, Mohammad Al Baik, Salah Aldahan, Holger Schünemann, Jan Brozek, Wojtek Wiercioch, Andrea J Darzi, Reem Waziry, Elie A Akl
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a preventable disease. Long distant travelers are prone to variable degree to develop VTE. However, the low risk of developing VTE among long-distance travelers and which travelers should receive VTE prophylaxis, and what prophylactic measures should be used led us to develop these guidelines. These clinical practice guidelines are the result of an initiative of the Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia involving an expert panel led by the Saudi Association for Venous Thrombo Embolism (a subsidiary of the Saudi Thoracic Society)...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042631/the-effect-of-wet-cupping-on-quality-of-life-of-adult-patients-with-chronic-medical-conditions-in-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital
#11
Soad K Al Jaouni, Eman A El-Fiky, Samiha A Mourad, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Abdullah M Kaki, Sawsan M Rohaiem, Mohamad H Qari, Laila M Tabsh, Adel A Aljawhari
To assess the effect of wet cupping on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of adult patients with chronic medical conditions, who were referred to the Cupping Clinic of King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A controlled, quasi-experimental study design was carried out among 629 patients referred for cupping from the KAUH Specialty Clinics, during the period from January to December 2014. Patients in the intervention group (309 patients) completed a pre-test included WHO quality of life-BREF, received one wet-cupping session, and filled-out the post-test (1 month later)...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042399/the-surgical-safety-checklist-results-of-implementation-in-otorhinolaryngology
#12
Ali S Al-Qahtani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of implementing the surgical safety checklist (SSCL) on the outcome of patient safety in otorhinolaryngology (ENT) surgical procedures in two hospitals in Saudi Arabia: Aseer Central and Abha Private Hospitals. METHODS: This retrospective study conducted over seven years (1 July 2008 to 30 June 2015) followed a staff educational and training program for the implementation of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist (WHO SSCL)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042258/dental-prosthetic-status-and-treatment-needs-of-adult-population-in-jizan-saudi-arabia-a-survey-report
#13
Syed Ali Peeran, Fuad Al Sanabani, Bandar M A Al-Makramani, Elfatih Ibrahim Elamin
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate and compare the dental prosthetic status and treatment needs of adult population in Jizan, Saudi Arabia, in relation to the age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1779 people aged 35-74 years from 4 survey areas (Hay al matar, Mahata khams, Dara ut tawhid, and Suq ad dakhili) selected through convenient sampling, around Jizan University, were surveyed, using the WHO survey criteria, 1997. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Number and percentages were calculated, and univariate analysis was performed using Chi-square test at 5% level of significance...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032050/discrepancies-between-dental-and-medical-records-of-cardiac-patients-in-alhada-armed-forces-hospital-taif-saudi-arabia
#14
Sana M Al Hibshi, Rajaa M Al-Raddadi, Mansour K Assery
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of medical information discrepancies between dental and medical records of cardiac patients at AlHada Armed Forces Hospital in Taif and to identify the factors contributing to these information discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study applied a descriptive retrospective medical and dental records review of a stratified proportional sample of 289 cardiac patients, which was extracted from 1154 cardiac patients who visited both the cardiology and dental clinics at the AlHada Armed Forces Hospital between 2007 and June 2012...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031058/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-consanguineous-marriages-among-a-cohort-of-multiethnic-health-care-providers-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Dhekra Alnaqeb, Hanan Hamamy, Amira M Youssef, Khalid Al-Rubeaan
This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice related to consanguinity among multiethnic health care providers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Using a cross-sectional study design, a validated, self-administered close-ended questionnaire was randomly distributed to health care providers in different health institutions in the country between 1st August 2012 and 31st July 2013. A total of 1235 health care providers completed the study questionnaire. Of the 892 married participants (72.23% of total), 11...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027916/vitamin-d-in-saudi-arabia-prevalence-distribution-and-disease-associations
#16
REVIEW
Nasser M Al-Daghri
More than 33 years have passed since the first paper highlighting vitamin D deficiency as a public health concern in Saudi Arabia was published in 1983. Despite "early" detection,it wasn't until the year 2010 where the interest in vitamin D research grew exponentially worldwide and was finally visible in Saudi clinical and academic areas. Since then,many landmark studies have been generated with regards to the physiologic functions of vitamin D,both skeletal and extra-skeletal. This review is limited to the prevalence,distribution A systematic review on the prevalence studies done in KSA from 2011 to 2016 was done and revealed that the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (<50nmol/l) in Saudi Arabia among different populations (adults,children and adolescents,newborns and pregnant/lactating women) is 81...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003369/sharing-sensitive-health-information-through-social-media-in-the-arab-world
#17
Eman Asiri, Mohamed Khalifa, Syed-Abdul Shabir, Md Nassif Hossain, Usman Iqbal, Mowafa Househ
BACKGROUND: Sharing daily activities on social media has become a part of our lifestyle, but little is known about sharing sensitive health information in the Arab world. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore how social media users in the Arab world share sensitive health information through Facebook. DESIGN: A retrospective qualitative analysis was used in the study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 110 Facebook groups, related to HIV, sickle cell and depression were screened between 5 June and 1 December 2014...
December 20, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997275/influences-of-parents-close-friends-and-classmates-on-four-co-existing-oral-health-practices-in-saudi-male-teenagers
#18
Maha El Tantawi, Eman Bakhurji, Asim Al-Ansari, Khalifa S Al-Khalifa, Abdulelah AlSubaie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the association between oral health practices and similar practices adopted by parents, close friends and classmates in a group of Saudi male teenagers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, in 2016 including 12-14-year-old intermediate school students (n = 478). A questionnaire assessed socioeconomic background, whether participants, their parents, close friends and classmates brushed twice daily, used tobacco, snacked on sugary foods or sugary drinks and perceiving a supportive classroom environment...
March 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995149/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-revised-michigan-diabetes-knowledge-test-v-2016-in-arabic-translation-and-validation
#19
Ali Hassan Alhaiti, Alanod Raffa Alotaibi, Linda Katherine Jones, Cliff DaCosta, George Binh Lenon
Objective. To translate the revised Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test into the Arabic language and examine its psychometric properties. Setting. Of the 139 participants recruited through King Fahad Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 34 agreed to the second-round sample for retesting purposes. Methods. The translation process followed the World Health Organization's guidelines for the translation and adaptation of instruments. All translations were examined for their validity and reliability. Results. The translation process revealed excellent results throughout all stages...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993128/high-school-versus-graduate-entry-in-a-saudi-medical-school-is-there-any-difference-in-academic-performance-and-professionalism-lapses
#20
Ahmed Rumayyan Al Rumayyan, Abdulaziz Ahmed Al Zahrani, Tahir Kamal Hameed
BACKGROUND: King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) was the first university in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia offering both high school entry and graduate entry (GE) students into medical school. We compared the academic performance and professionalism lapses of high school entry and GE students who undertook the same curriculum and examinations in the College of Medicine, Riyadh, KSAU-HS. METHODS: Examination scores of 196 high school graduates and 54 GE students over a 4-year period (2010-2014) were used as a measure of academic achievement...
December 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
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