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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422476/origin-dependent-variations-in-the-atmospheric-microbiome-community-in-eastern-mediterranean-dust-storms
#1
Daniella Gat, Yinon Mazar, Eddie Cytryn, Yinon Rudich
Dust storms transport through the atmosphere microorganisms that can potentially affect human health and the functionality of microbial communities in various environments. Characterizing the dust-borne microbiome in storms of different origin or that followed different paths provides valuable data to improve understanding of global health and environmental impacts. We present a comparative study on the diversity of dust-borne microbial communities in dust storms from three distinct origins-North Africa, Syria and Saudi-Arabia-and compare them with those on dust-free days...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420907/effectiveness-of-health-education-programme-level-of-knowledge-about-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-female-healthcare-students
#2
Ghadeer Khaled Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Badar Syed, Amel Ahmed Fayed, Reem Ali Al-Shaikh, Eman Mohammed Al-Mussaed, Farida Habib Khan, Hala Nasser Elmorshedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and comprised female medical students. An intervention programme was implemented in the form of lectures, videos, posters, etc. on human papillomavirus. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417032/vision-screening-of-ophthalmic-nursing-staff-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-hospital-outcomes-and-ocular-healthcare-seeking-behaviours
#3
Ruhi A Khan, Ches Souru, Sejo Vaghese, Ziaul Yasir, Rajiv Khandekar
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate ocular healthcare-seeking behaviours and vision screening outcomes of nursing staff at a tertiary eye care hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted between April and September 2016 among all 500 nurses employed at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected on age, gender, use of visual aids, the presence of diabetes, a history of refractive surgery and date of last ocular health check-up...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#4
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416189/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-japanese-orthopedic-association-back-pain-evaluation-questionnaire-can-we-implement-it-in-saudi-arabia-study-design-cross-sectional-study
#5
Saud Mohammed Alfayez, Abdullah Nasser Bin Dous, Abdullah Abdulaziz Altowim, Qais Abdulmohsin Alrabiei, Bandar Obaid Alsubaie, Waleed Mohammad Awwad
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Orthopedic Association designed their back pain evaluation questionnaire (JOABPEQ) which was proven to be feasible, reliable and valid. The questionnaire's validity and reliability were confirmed when it was implemented in patients with different cultural background. Since the JOABPEQ still has not been utilized in any of the Arabic countries, we present the Arabic version with its validity and reliability. METHODS: After ensuring an optimal forward-backward translation of the JOABPEQ, the Arabic version was distributed among 151 patients visiting our clinics from December 2015 to February 2016...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404469/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-aseer-region-south-western-saudi-arabia-a-call-for-an-immediate-action-against-a-preventable-disease
#6
S M Al Humayed, A A El-Mekki, A A Mahfouz
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed as a large-scale cross-sectional study to cast some light on the magnitude of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Aseer Region, south-western Saudi Arabia, a region reported to be of the highest endemicity. METHODS: During the WHO hepatitis day of 2013, an aggressive health education campaign was launched in all the hospitals and primary health care centres in Aseer Region. Posters were distributed to encourage the local population to visit the health facilities to be tested for HBV...
February 2, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397949/prevalence-of-apical-periodontitis-and-quality-of-root-canal-treatment-in-an-adult-saudi-population
#7
Saad A Al-Nazhan, Suliman A Alsaeed, Hussan A Al-Attas, Abdullah J Dohaithem, Mohamed S Al-Serhan, Nassr S Al-Maflehi
To determine the health status of periradicular tissue and the quality of root canal fillings in an adult Saudi population attending dental clinics for the first time. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted  in the dental clinics at King Saud University, Riyadh and other dental centers (Jeddah, Najran, and Albaha City), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between year 2010   and 2012. Good-quality panoramic radiographs of 926 Saudi subjects (540 males and 386 females)were analyzed based on the gender, age, health status, smoking habits, periapical status of the endodontically treated teeth, technical quality of the root canal fillings, and the presence or absence of coronal restoration...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397944/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-associated-factors-in-three-regions-of-saudi-arabia
#8
Ibrahim M Kaddam, Adnan M Al-Shaikh, Bahaa A Abaalkhail, Khalid S Asseri, Yousef M Al-Saleh, Ali A Al-Qarni, Ahmed M Al-Shuaibi, Waleed G Tamimi, Abdelmoneim M Mukhtar
To measure prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia, unveil the life style, nutritional habits and status, as well as identify the potential risk factors. Method: A school-based survey targeting Saudi school students and employees was conducted during the  period from 2013 to 2014 using multistage cluster random sample in Central, Western and Eastern regions. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and difference between various population subgroups were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of potential risk factors...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392316/prevalence-of-latent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-ltbi-in-saudi-arabia-population-based-survey
#9
Hanan H Balkhy, Kamel El Beltagy, Aiman El-Saed, Badr Aljasir, Abdulhakeem Althaqafi, Adel F Alothman, Mohammad Alshalaan, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
BACKGROUND: The annual risk of tuberculosis infection (ARTI) data in Saudi Arabia has never been updated since 1993. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of latent TB infection (LTBI) and ARTI in a population-based sample in Saudi Arabia using Tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON TB Gold in tube (QFT-GIT) test. METHODS: A population-based cross sectional study was conducted between July 2010 and March 2013. Participants were randomly selected from the population served by the primary healthcare centers of the Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs in Riyadh, Jeddah, Alhassa and Dammam, Saudi Arabia...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387897/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-the-arab-world-impact-of-gdp-and-energy-consumption
#10
S A Meo, A M Usmani, E Qalbani
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a rapidly growing and most challenging health issue of the 21st century. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of type-2 DM and its association with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and energy consumption in the Arab world countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 88 articles through systematic searches including Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science, PubMed and EMBASE databases published between 1980-2015...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384117/smart-phone-usage-and-addiction-among-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Elluru Venkatesh, Mohammad Yousef Al Jemal, Abdullah Saleh Al Samani
Purpose The main aim of this research is to explore measures of smart phone usage, smart phone addiction, and their associations with demographic and health behavior-related variables among dental students in Saudi Arabia. Methods A Cross sectional study involving sample of 205 dental students from Qaseem Private College were surveyed for smart phone use and addiction using the short version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale for Adolescents (SAS-SV). Results Smart phone addiction was seen in 136 (71.9%) of the 189 students...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377541/depression-and-associated-factors-in-hospitalized-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-teaching-hospital
#12
Sultan Hassan Alamri, Abdulaziz Ihsan Bari, Abdulrahman Talal Ali
BACKGROUND: Depression in the elderly is a serious and often underdiagnosed psychiatric disorder that has been linked to adverse outcomes in the hospital setting. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of depression and possible associated factors among hospitalized elderly. DESIGN: An analytical cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Medical and surgical wards of King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 200 consecutively hospitalized patients aged 60 years and older...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376977/predictors-of-smoking-among-saudi-dental-students-in-jeddah
#13
Ameerah Y Mansour
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess tobacco use, secondhand smoke exposure, knowledge of health risks, and smoking predictors among dental students attending King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted and 420 dental students were invited to participate. Binary logistic regression analyses assessed the predictors of smoking. RESULTS: A total of 336 dental students completed the questionnaires with 25% reporting current or previous tobacco use and 96% reporting secondhand smoke exposure...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376788/prevalence-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-herbal-medication-use-by-saudi-women-in-the-central-region-during-pregnancy-during-labor-and-after-delivery
#14
Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Khaled Aldossari, Jamaan Al-Zahrani, Fawaz Al-Shaalan, Saad Al-Sharif, Hamad Al-Khurayji, Aiman Al-Swayeh
BACKGROUND: Herbal medication usage is prevalent in both developing and developed countries. The low level of awareness of the possible dangers of some herbs during pregnancy increases the risk of unwarranted sequelae. This manuscript describes the first study of herbal medication use among pregnant women in Saudi Arabia. It aims to determine the prevalence of herbal medication use during pregnancy, during labor and after delivery in the central region of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted over a 5-month period from May 15 to October 15, 2016...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373782/congestive-heart-failure-disease-management-program-1-year-population-experience-from-a-tertiary-center-heart-failure-registry-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Khal Salem, Dania Fallata, Maha ElSebaie, Ahmad Montasser, Khaled ElGedamy, Osama ElKhateeb
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate congestive heart failure (CHF) multidisciplinary disease management program (DMProg) impact on mortality, readmission rates, length of stay (LOS), and gender health characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a quasi-observational, pre- and post-trial with a parallel nonequivalent group. We enrolled 174 inpatients having CHF with reduced ejection fraction and New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV, and a total of 197 hospital admissions...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367181/childhood-and-adolescent-obesity-primary-health-care-physicians-perspectives-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#16
Faiza Nasser AlOtaibi, Majeedah AlOtaibi, Shiakhah AlAnazi, Hanan Al-Gethami, Deemah AlAteeq, Rowaydah Mishiddi, Amna Rehana Siddiqui
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Primary health care (PHC) physicians are foremost to confront childhood and adolescent obesity. Our objective was to evaluate PHC Physicians perspectives for managing overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. METHODS: PHC services from eight public hospitals in Riyadh participated. A self-administered tool maintaining anonymity evaluated facilitators and barriers for managing overweight/obese children and adolescent patients. Physicians who 'always' recommended weight management for an overweight / obese patient during past year, by involving patient, parents, and others were classified as having positive and appropriate practice...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353182/an-international-qualitative-study-of-ability-and-disability-in-adhd-using-the-who-icf-framework
#17
Soheil Mahdi, Marisa Viljoen, Rafael Massuti, Melissa Selb, Omar Almodayfer, Sunil Karande, Petrus J de Vries, Luis Rohde, Sven Bölte
This is the third in a series of four cross-cultural empirical studies designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and Children and Youth version, ICF(-CY) Core Sets for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). To explore the perspectives of individuals diagnosed with ADHD, self-advocates, immediate family members and professional caregivers on relevant areas of impairment and functional abilities typical for ADHD across the lifespan as operationalized by the ICF(-CY)...
March 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352019/analysis-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia-a-single-center-three-year-retrospective-study
#18
Fahad M Almutairi, Mohammed A Al-Duais, Kamal A Shalaby, Mohamed I Sakran
This study was performed to analyze various demographic data such as age, gender, nationality, status of the patients, and the causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of 349 patients who were undergoing hemodialysis (HD) during the period from January 2013 to December 2015 at the Dialysis Center of King Khalid Hospital in Tabuk City. One hundred and fifty-two patients (43.6%) were on HD in 2015. Age of the patients ranged from 9 to 93 years and the mean age was 51.3 ± 17.6 years. Majority of the patients, i...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349909/cariogenic-potential-of-the-commonly-prescribed-pediatric-liquid-medicaments-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Megha Gupta, Suman Panda
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the cariogenic potential of the commonly prescribed pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) for dental disease in Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven most commonly prescribed PLMs were selected by prior questioning the pediatric dentists as well as general dentists in Jazan region. The endogenous pH and sucrose concentrations of the liquid medicaments were assessed. The endogenous pH was assessed by Hanna pH meter instrument...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349904/relation-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-for-age-among-schoolchildren-of-jazan-city-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Mir Fa Quadri, Bassam M Hakami, Asma Aa Hezam, Raed Y Hakami, Fadwa A Saadi, Layla M Ageeli, Wafqah H Alsagoor, Mohammad A Faqeeh, Mohammed A Dhae
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and report the type of relation present between dental caries and body mass index (BMI)-for-age among schoolchildren in Jazan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with multi-staged random sampling technique was designed to recruit the sample of schoolchildren. Caries was examined using the World Health Organization recommended "decayed and filled teeth"/"decayed missing and filled teeth (dft/DMFT)" method...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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