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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226604/an-international-qualitative-study-of-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-the-world-health-organization-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-framework
#1
Soheil Mahdi, Marisa Viljoen, Tamara Yee, Melissa Selb, Nidhi Singhal, Omar Almodayfer, Mats Granlund, Petrus J de Vries, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Sven Bölte
This is the third in a series of four empirical studies designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The present study aimed to describe functioning in ASD (as operationalized by the ICF) derived from the perspectives of diagnosed individuals, family members, and professionals. A qualitative study using focus groups and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 stakeholder groups (N = 90) from Canada, India, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and Sweden...
December 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225484/the-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-female-university-students-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#2
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Background: Prior data on iron deficiency anemia's (IDA) prevalence and associated risk factors among female university students are scarce in the Saudi Arabian context. This study therefore recruited a sample of female students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, to investigate IDA prevalence and risk factors and fill the identified research gap. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 200 apparently healthy female students aged between 19 and 25 years was performed between February and June 2016...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218125/the-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-toxoplasmosis-among-female-undergraduate-university-students-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Objectives: Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a serious public health issue, but limited data has been published to date on the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the seroprevalence and risk factors of T. gondii infection using a sample of females enrolled at a university in Northern Saudi Arabia. Methods: Using a cross-sectional research approach, we recruited a convenience sample of 180 healthy females studying at the University of Tabuk between February and June 2016...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214078/the-profile-of-saudi-nursing-workforce-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mohammad Alboliteeh, Judy Magarey, Richard Wiechula
Introduction: The Royal Monarchy in Saudi Arabia decreed that all sectors of the workforce would be subject to a policy of "Saudisation" to reduce the reliance on the expatriate workforce and to reduce the unemployment rate of Saudi nationals (Al-Mahmoud et al., 2012). Methodology: A cross-sectional design was chosen to investigate the research questions. The population of this study comprised Saudi Registered Nurses working in MOH hospitals in Riyadh which is the main health care provider in Saudi Arabia (Aboul-Enein, 2002; MOH, 2009)...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209674/prevalence-and-determinants-of-antenatal-depression-among-women-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-western-saudi-arabia
#5
Jamala A Bawahab, Jawaher R Alahmadi, Adel M Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of antenatal depression among pregnant women attending the primary health care (PHC) antenatal care clinics in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and to determine associated factors. METHODS: Following a cross-sectional study design, 320 pregnant women attending the antenatal care clinics in the Ministry of Health PHC Centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between January 1st 2017 and February 15th 2017 were interviewed. A self-administered questionnaire used for data collection asked about socio-demographic variables and included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209671/neck-circumference-as-a-marker-of-obesity-and-a-predictor-of-cardiometabolic-risk-among-saudi-subjects
#6
Eman M Alfadhli, Alaa A Sandokji, Basma N Zahid, Mohammed A Makkawi, Reem F Alshenaifi, Tafani S Thani, Hanan A Habeeb
To determine the optimal cutoff value for neck circumference (NC) that define overweight/obesity and assess its predictive potential for cardiometabolic risks (CMR) among Saudi subjects.  Methods: A cross sectional study of 785 adults recruited from a public health awareness campaign in Medina, Saudi Arabia during June 2015. Waist circumference (WC), NC, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), and random blood glucose (RBG) were assessed, and the presence of CMR were collected by a questionnaire. Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the associations of NC with other anthropometric indices and CMR...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209668/salivary-parameters-among-arabian-snuff-shammah-users
#7
Mohammed S Al-Ak'hali, Esam S Halboub, Osama H Mujam, Noor M Alahmar, Salehah A Jerah, Fahad A Mutawwam
To evaluate the salivary flow rate (SFR),  pH, and buffer capacity (BC) among healthy shammah users (SU) in comparison with healthy non-shammah users (NSU). Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between March 2016 and May 2017. A sample of 27 SU and 30 NSU were recruited. Unstimulated saliva was collected and SFR, pH, and BC were determined. Dental health was assessed using the decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index.  Results: Shammah users were slightly older than NSU (28...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205185/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-primary-health-care-physicians-toward-colorectal-cancer-screening
#8
Mahmoud Mosli, Yaser Alnahdi, Abdusalam Alghamdi, Mohammad Baabdullah, Afnan Hadadi, Khaleel Khateery, Ibrahim Alsulami, Abdulaziz AlHoqail, Majid Almadi, Hani Jawa, Emad Aljahdli, Salem Bazarah, Yousif Qari
BACKGROUND/AIM: Early diagnosis of chronic illnesses and cancers mainly occurs at primary health care centers (PHCs) by primary health care physicians (PHPs). The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is rising and this has been attributed to many factors. The increasing incidence of CRC is compounded by nonadherence to screening recommendations. Therefore, evaluating PHPs knowledge, attitudes, and practices of screening for CRC is clinically important...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204070/the-characteristics-and-distribution-of-dentist-workforce-in-saudi-arabia-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#9
Abdulaziz A AlBaker, Yazed Sulaiman H Al-Ruthia, Mohammed AlShehri, Samar Alshuwairikh
Background: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has shown steady growth in the dental workforce over the last 20 years. Although the number of dental colleges has significantly increased in the last decade, there is not any study so far that described the status of the licensed dentist workforce in the kingdom. The present study aimed to explore the demographic distribution and professional characteristics of licensed dentist workforce in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties (SCFHS) database to identify the number of licensed dentists in Saudi Arabia as well as their professional and demographic characteristics as of December 2016...
December 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203060/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-middle-east-countries-meta-analysis-of-cross-sectional-studies
#10
REVIEW
Alireza Ansarimoghaddam, Hossein Ali Adineh, Zareban Iraj, Iranpour Sohrab, Hosseinzadeh Ali
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome is an important metabolic disorder which impose noticeable burden on health system. We aimed to review and imply the prevalence of it in Middle-East countries. METHODS: present study was a systematic review to present overview about metabolic disorder in Middle East. Electronic literature search of Medline database and Google scholar were done for English-language articles without time filtering, as well as for population-based or national studies of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201437/impact-of-a-multicomponent-hand-hygiene-intervention-strategy-in-reducing-infection-rates-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Ahmed Al Kuwaiti
Background and aims: Few studies have reported the correlation between hand hygiene (HH) practices and infection rates in Saudi Arabia. This work was aimed to study the effect of a multicomponent HH intervention strategy in improving HH compliance and reducing infection rates at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia between January 2014 and December 2016. Methods: A yearlong multicomponent HH intervention, which included various strategies recommended by the World Health Organization, was introduced...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178572/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-arabic-language-person-centred-climate-questionnaire-staff-version
#12
Mohammed Aljuaid, Mustafa Elmontsri, David Edvardsson, Salman Rawaf, Azeem Majeed
AIM: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic language person-centred climate questionnaire-staff version. BACKGROUND: There have been increasing calls for a person-centred rather than a disease-centred approach to health care. A limited number of tools measure the extent to which care is delivered in a person-centred manner, and none of these tools have been validated for us in Arab settings. METHOD: The validated form of the person-centred climate questionnaire-staff version was translated into Arabic and distributed to 152 health care staff in teaching and non-teaching hospitals in Saudi Arabia...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178122/evaluation-of-biomedical-waste-management-in-primary-health-care-centres-in-saudi-arabia-a-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-study
#13
L Kalyan V Reddy, Fares Al Shammari
Awareness and knowledge of biomedical waste practices is very important for any health care setting. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) about biomedical waste among health professionals in primary health care centres in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. The study included 135 of 155 professionals who dealt with biomedical waste from 16 out of 26 primary health care centres. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Overall 54.8%, 48.9% and 49.6% of the participants had good knowledge, attitudes and practices scores respectively...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178119/development-of-an-eastern-mediterranean-region-search-strategy-for-biomedical-citations-indexed-in-pubmed
#14
Ghazi O Tadmouri, Ahmed Mandil, Arash Rashidian
PubMed, a 'barrier-free' bibliographic database covering biomedical and health disciplines, has been successfully used to identify a multitude of indicators that assist in analyzing global trends for biomedical research productivity. The current study represents an original attempt to develop and optimize an Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) search strategy in PubMed to pave the way for subsequent descriptive analyses. The refined EMR search strategy contains elaborate syntaxes which facilitate controlling the search process and maintaining a proper balance between sensitivity and precision of the obtained results...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176889/all-cause-mortality-among-diabetic-foot-patients-and-related-risk-factors-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Khalid Al-Rubeaan, Mohammad K Almashouq, Amira M Youssef, Hamid Al-Qumaidi, Mohammad Al Derwish, Samir Ouizi, Khalid Al-Shehri, Saba N Masoodi
BACKGROUND: Although Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region with high rates of diabetic foot complications, there are only limited data concerning mortality among such a high risk group. Therefore, the main aim of the current study was to assess all-cause mortality and its related predictors among diabetic patients with and without diabetic foot complications. METHODS: Using data from the Saudi National Diabetes Registry (SNDR), a total of 840 patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes aged ≥25 years with current or past history of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) or diabetes related lower extremity amputation (LEA) were recruited in 2007 from active patients' files and followed up to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174681/parental-perceptions-attitudes-and-acceptance-of-childhood-immunization-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Thamir M Alshammari, Gehad M Subaiea, Talib Hussain, Afrasim Moin, Kazeem B Yusuff
OBJECTIVES: The widespread availability and use of vaccines have tremendously reduced morbidity, mortality and health care costs associated with infectious diseases. However, parental beliefs about vaccination are one of the major factors in achieving high vaccination rates. Thus, this study aims to assess the perceptions and attitudes regarding routine childhood immunization among Saudi parents. METHODS: A cross sectional study with a pre-tested 18-item questionnaire was conducted using 467 randomly selected parents from the Hail region of Saudi Arabia in the period between February 1st, 2016, and February 1st, 2017...
November 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168447/a-brief-summary-of-the-epidemiology-and-genetic-relatedness-of-avian-influenza-h9n2-virus-in-birds-and-mammals-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#17
A Nagy, T C Mettenleiter, E M Abdelwhab
H9N2 is the most widespread avian influenza virus subtype in poultry worldwide. It infects a broad spectrum of host species including birds and mammals. Infections in poultry and humans vary from silent to fatal. Importantly, all AIV, which are fatal in humans (e.g. H5N1, H7N9) acquired their 'internal' gene segments from H9N2 viruses. Although H9N2 is endemic in the Middle East (ME) and North Africa since the late 1990s, little is known about its epidemiology and genetics on a regional level. In this review, we summarised the epidemiological situation of H9N2 in poultry and mammals in Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Bahrain, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco...
November 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166929/prevalence-of-dietary-supplement-use-and-associated-factors-among-female-college-students-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Hanan Alfawaz, Nasiruddin Khan, Aziza Alfaifi, Fatima M Shahrani, Huda M Al Tameem, Seetah F Al Otaibi, Weaam I Abudigin, Mohammad S Al-Shayaa, Saad A Al-Ghanim, Nasser M Al-Daghri
BACKGROUND: The economic boom in Saudi Arabia indirectly prompted the use of dietary supplements in the last two decades. Our aim is to investigate the prevalence of dietary supplement use and its association with sociodemographic/lifestyle characteristics among Saudi female students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 534 female participants (≥19 years of age) completed a self-administered questionnaire that include sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics, perceived health status, dietary supplement use, general awareness, attitudes and behavior...
November 22, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163730/association-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-schoolchildren-aged-between-14-and-16-years-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Ahmed Almahdy
Background: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases that have common risk factors. Studies worldwide reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and obesity. There is no published study that investigates this association among schoolchildren in Arabic countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries (DMFT) and body mass index (BMI) for children aged between 14 and 16 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of oral hygiene habits, parent's education, sugar consumption and physical activity in causing both diseases was also evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158721/knowledge-of-community-pharmacists-about-the-risks-of-medication-use-during-pregnancy-in-central-region-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Ziyad Alrabiah, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Sultan M Alghadeer, Syed Wajid, Ali AlQahtani, Naif Almotari, AbdAllh AlHwerani, Salmeen D Babelghaith
Background: Community pharmacists (CPs) are the most accessible health care provider to the public, and they have huge duties to improve medication use especially among the pregnant women in their community. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge of CPs about the medication safety during pregnancy. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was carried out over practicing community pharmacists in a capital of Saudi Arabia (SA). Pharmacists were asked about the safety of each medicine during pregnancy...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
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