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Public Health Leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#1
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327141/the-first-nationwide-survey-of-md-phds-in-the-social-sciences-and-humanities-training-patterns-and-career-choices
#2
Seth M Holmes, Jennifer Karlin, Scott D Stonington, Diane L Gottheil
BACKGROUND: While several articles on MD-PhD trainees in the basic sciences have been published in the past several years, very little research exists on physician-investigators in the social sciences and humanities. However, the numbers of MD-PhDs training in these fields and the number of programs offering training in these fields are increasing, particularly within the US. In addition, accountability for the public funding for MD-PhD programs requires knowledge about this growing population of trainees and their career trajectories...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325204/from-board-to-bedside-how-the-application-of-financial-structures-to-safety-and-quality-can-drive-accountability-in-a-large-health-care-system
#3
J Matthew Austin, Renee Demski, Tiffany Callender, K H Ken Lee, Ann Hoffman, Lisa Allen, Deborah A Radke, Yungjin Kim, Ronald J Werthman, Ronald R Peterson, Peter J Pronovost
BACKGROUND: As the health care system in the United States places greater emphasis on the public reporting of quality and safety data and its use to determine payment, provider organizations must implement structures that ensure discipline and rigor regarding these data. An academic health system, as part of a performance management system, applied four key components of a financial reporting structure to support the goal of top-to-bottom accountability for improving quality and safety...
April 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324029/vital-directions-for-health-and-health-care-priorities-from-a-national-academy-of-medicine-initiative
#4
Victor J Dzau, Mark B McClellan, J Michael McGinnis, Sheila P Burke, Molly J Coye, Angela Diaz, Thomas A Daschle, William H Frist, Martha Gaines, Margaret A Hamburg, Jane E Henney, Shiriki Kumanyika, Michael O Leavitt, Ruth M Parker, Lewis G Sandy, Leonard D Schaeffer, Glenn D Steele, Pamela Thompson, Elias Zerhouni
Importance: Recent discussion has focused on questions related to the repeal and replacement of portions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, issues central to the future of health and health care in the United States transcend the ACA provisions receiving the greatest attention. Initiatives directed to certain strategic and infrastructure priorities are vital to achieve better health at lower cost. Objectives: To review the most salient health challenges and opportunities facing the United States, to identify practical and achievable priorities essential to health progress, and to present policy initiatives critical to the nation's health and fiscal integrity...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314488/building-sustainable-local-capacity-for-global-health-research-in-west-africa
#5
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Elijah Paintsil, Muktar H Aliyu, Awewura Kwara, Folasade Ogunsola, Yaw A Afrane, Chima Onoka, Gordon A Awandare, Gladys Amponsah, Llewellyn J Cornelius, Gabou Mendy, Rachel Sturke, Anita Ghansah, George K Siberry, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Global health research in resource-limited countries has been largely sponsored and led by foreign institutions. Thus, these countries' training capacity and productivity in global health research is limited. Local participation at all levels of global health knowledge generation promotes equitable access to evidence-based solutions. Additionally, leadership inclusive of competent local professionals promotes best outcomes for local contextualization and implementation of successful global health solutions...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300976/primary-health-care-reform-in-the-cities-of-lisbon-and-rio-de-janeiro-context-strategies-results-learning-and-challenges
#6
Daniel Soranz, Luís Augusto Coelho Pisco
On the 30th anniversary of Alma-Ata, the World Health Organization published in 2008 the "Primary Health Care Now More Than Ever" Report, calling on all governments to reflect on the need to reflect on four sets of reforms. These included: (i) universal coverage reforms; (ii) service delivery reforms; (iii) public policies reforms that would ensure healthier communities; and (iv) leadership reforms. In this context, in the period 2005-2016, the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Lisbon developed a profound primary healthcare reform, and did so by sharing many of the solutions based on the best internationally recognized organizational practices...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288649/medical-termination-of-pregnancy-in-general-practice-in-australia-a-descriptive-interpretive-qualitative-study
#7
Angela J Dawson, Rachel Nicolls, Deborah Bateson, Anna Doab, Jane Estoesta, Ann Brassil, Elizabeth A Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Australian Government approval in 2012 for the use of mifepristone and misoprostol for medical termination of pregnancy (MTOP) allows general practitioners (GPs) to provide early gestation abortion in primary care settings. However, uptake of the MTOP provision by GPs appears to be low and the reasons for this have been unclear. This study investigated the provision of and referral for MTOP by GPs. METHODS: We undertook descriptive-interpretive qualitative research and selected participants for diversity using a matrix...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279177/stronger-declines-in-youth-alcohol-consumption-thanks-to-stronger-integrated-alcohol-policies-a-qualitative-comparison-of-ten-dutch-municipalities
#8
Moniek C M de Goeij, Janneke Harting, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Little detailed evidence is available on how integrated policies could impact population health and under what conditions such policies could be realized. The aim of this study was to assess how youth alcohol consumption trends in the province of Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands, were related to the development and implementation of integrated policies. METHODS: In a retrospective multiple case study, alcohol policies of six municipalities with stronger declines in youth alcohol consumption between 2007 and 2011 (cases) were compared to four municipalities with weaker declines (controls)...
March 2, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277203/assessing-continuous-quality-improvement-in-public-health-adapting-lessons-from-healthcare
#9
Alex Price, Robert Schwartz, Joanna Cohen, Heather Manson, Fran Scott
CONTEXT: Evidence of the effect of continuous quality improvement (CQI) in public health and valid tools to judge that such effects are not fully formed. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to adapt and apply Shortell et al.'s (1998) four dimensions of CQI in an examination of a public health accountability and performance management initiative in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: In total, 24 semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with informants from public health units and the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care...
February 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273611/the-quasi-market-for-adult-residential-care-in-the-uk-do-for-profit-not-for-profit-or-public-sector-residential-care-and-nursing-homes-provide-better-quality-care
#10
David N Barron, Elizabeth West
There has been a radical transformation in the provision of adult residential and nursing home care in England over the past four decades. Up to the 1980s, over 80% of adult residential care was provided by the public sector, but today public sector facilities account for only 8% of the available places, with the rest being provided by a mixture of for-profit firms (74%) and non-profit charities (18%). The public sector's role is often now that of purchaser (paying the fees of people unable to afford them) and regulator...
February 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263704/how-could-health-information-be-improved-recommended-actions-from-the-victorian-consultation-on-health-literacy
#11
Sophie J Hill, Tanya A Sofra
Objective Health literacy is on the policy agenda. Accessible, high-quality health information is a major component of health literacy. Health information materials include print, electronic or other media-based information enabling people to understand health and make health-related decisions. The aim of the present study was to present the findings and recommended actions as they relate to health information of the Victorian Consultation on Health Literacy.Methods Notes and submissions from the 2014 Victorian Consultation workshops and submissions were analysed thematically and a report prepared with input from an advisory committee...
March 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263271/overburdened-systems-and-dealing-with-disaster-nursing-administrators-experiences-and-nursing-leadership-recommendations-from-a-state-level-perspective
#12
Clair P Millet, Demetrius J Porche
Hurricane Katrina made landfall on the Louisiana coast on August 29, 2005. Since 2005, there has been a dramatic increase in natural, infectious, and man-made disasters. It is more evident that nursing leaders and administrators need to be prepared for all hazards. The purpose of this article is to provide nursing administrators with a perspective of state-level leadership during a natural disaster and to suggest recommendations based on lessons learned during Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Gustav, and Ike in 2005...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263270/a-strategy-to-enhance-student-experiences-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-and-response-medical-reserve-corps-nursing-student-summer-externship
#13
Loren Nell Melton Stein
Development of the public health nursing workforce is crucial to advancing our nation's health. Many organizations, including the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the US Department of Health and Human Services, have identified the need for strengthening academia's connection to public health and tailoring experiences to enhance workforce competency. The Oklahoma Medical Reserve Corps (OKMRC) Nursing Student Summer Externship was developed as a strategy to provide nursing students with strengthened knowledge and skills in disaster response through a structured summer volunteer experience with nurse educators within the OKMRC...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261578/preparation-of-european-public-health-professionals-in-the-twenty-first-century
#14
Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic, Robert Otok
The public health profession in Europe has a leadership role for ensuring European's health in the twenty-first century and therefore must assume responsibility for advancing education for research and practice. Three fundamental questions are explored: (1) What are the main public health problems facing public health professionals; (2) What are their existing competencies after training; and (3) What competencies do European employers expect? The European Schools of Public Health assessed their best success to be in the field of health promotion, followed by disease prevention including identification of priority health problems, and elimination of health hazards in the community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260567/between-securitisation-and-neglect-managing-ebola-at-the-borders-of-global-health
#15
Mark Honigsbaum
In 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) was widely criticised for failing to anticipate that an outbreak of Ebola in a remote forested region of south-eastern Guinea would trigger a public health emergency of international concern (pheic). In explaining the WHO's failure, critics have pointed to structural restraints on the United Nations organisation and a leadership 'vacuum' in Geneva, among other factors. This paper takes a different approach. Drawing on internal WHO documents and interviews with key actors in the epidemic response, I argue that the WHO's failure is better understood as a consequence of Ebola's shifting medical identity and of triage systems for managing emerging infectious disease (EID) risks...
April 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252381/vancouver-coastal-health-s-second-generation-health-strategy-a-need-for-a-reboot
#16
Jeffrey R Masuda, Sophy Chan
In this commentary, we consider the motivations and implications of Vancouver Coastal Health's place-based population health strategy called the Downtown Eastside Second Generation Health Strategy (2GHS) in light of a broader historical view of shifting values in population and public health and structural health reforms in Canada over the past three decades. We argue that the tone and content of the 2GHS signals a shift towards a neoliberal clientelist model of health that treats people as patients and the DTES as a site of clinical encounter rather than as a community in its own right...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243875/location-location-location-where-we-teach-primary-care-makes-all-the-difference
#17
Christine Cassel, Michael Wilkes
Creating a new model to train a high-quality primary care workforce is of great interest to American health care stakeholders. There is consensus that effective educational approaches need to be combined with a rewarding work environment, emphasize a good work/life balance, and a focus on achieving meaningful outcomes that center on patients and the public. Still, significant barriers limit the numbers of clinicians interested in pursuing careers in primary care, including low earning potential, heavy medical school debt, lack of respect from physician colleagues, and enormous burdens of record keeping...
February 27, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241770/application-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-assess-factors-that-may-influence-implementation-of-tobacco-use-treatment-guidelines-in-the-viet-nam-public-health-care-delivery-system
#18
Nancy VanDevanter, Pritika Kumar, Nam Nguyen, Linh Nguyen, Trang Nguyen, Frances Stillman, Bryan Weiner, Donna Shelley
BACKGROUND: Services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available to smokers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) where smoking prevalence remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of two strategies for implementing tobacco use treatment guidelines in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam. Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), prior to implementing the trial, we conducted formative research to (1) identify factors that may influence guideline implementation and (2) inform further modifications to the intervention that may be necessary to translate a model of care delivery from a high-income country (HIC) to the local context of a LMIC...
February 28, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235968/advanced-practice-nursing-competency-assessment-instrument-apncai-clinimetric-validation
#19
Pedro Sastre-Fullana, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Albert Sesé-Abad, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Joan De Pedro-Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and clinimetric validation of the Advanced Practice Nursing Competency Assessment Instrument (APNCAI) through several evidence sources about reliability and validity in the Spanish context. DESIGN AND SETTING: APNCAI development was based on a multisequential and systematic process: literature review, instrument content consensus through qualitative Delphi method approach (a panel of 51 Advanced Practice in Nursing -APN- experts was selected) and the clinimetric validation process based on a sample of 600 nurses from the Balearic Islands public healthcare setting...
February 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219632/alfred-pischinger-1899-1983-an-austrian-career-in-anatomy-continuing-through-national-socialism-to-postwar-leadership
#20
Sabine Hildebrandt, Gabriele Czarnowski
Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz...
February 20, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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