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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219632/alfred-pischinger-1899-1983-an-austrian-career-in-anatomy-continuing-through-national-socialism-to-postwar-leadership
#1
Sabine Hildebrandt, Gabriele Czarnowski
Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219435/changing-the-policy-for-intermittent-preventive-treatment-with-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine-during-pregnancy-in-malawi
#2
Chikondi A Mwendera, Christiaan de Jager, Herbert Longwe, Kamija Phiri, Charles Hongoro, Clifford M Mutero
BACKGROUND: The growing resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) treatment for uncomplicated malaria led to a recommendation by the World Health Organization for the use of artemisinin-based combination therapy. Inevitably, concerns were also raised surrounding the use of SP for intermittent prevention treatment of malaria during pregnancy (IPTp) amidst the lack of alternative drugs. Malawi was the first country to adopt intermittent prevention treatment with SP in 1993, and updated in 2013...
February 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218340/world-health-organization-global-disability-action-plan-the-mongolian-perspective
#3
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Baljnnyam Avirmed, Yoon Kyoung Yi, Batchimeg Shirmen, Geoff Abbott, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). METHODS: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for local healthcare professionals (n = 77) from medical rehabilitation facilities (urban/rural, public/private) and non-governmental organizations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213617/world-federation%C3%A2-of-public-health-associations-50%C3%A2-years-of-international%C3%A2-leadership-for-a-healthy-global-society
#4
James Chauvin, Margaret Hilson, Russell E Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212638/commissioning-for-health-improvement-following-the-2012-health-and-social-care-reforms-in-england-what-has-changed
#5
E W Gadsby, S Peckham, A Coleman, D Bramwell, N Perkins, L M Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The wide-ranging program of reforms brought about by the Health and Social Care Act (2012) in England fundamentally changed the operation of the public health system, moving responsibility for the commissioning and delivery of services from the National Health Service to locally elected councils and a new national public health agency. This paper explores the ways in which the reforms have altered public health commissioning. METHODS: We conducted multi-methods research over 33 months, incorporating national surveys of Directors of Public Health and local council elected members at two time-points, and in-depth case studies in five purposively selected geographical areas...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209143/collaborative-leadership-and-the-implementation-of-community-based-fall-prevention-initiatives-a-multiple-case-study-of-public-health-practice-within-community-groups
#6
Maureen Markle-Reid, Cathy Dykeman, Jenny Ploeg, Caralyn Kelly Stradiotto, Angela Andrews, Susan Bonomo, Sarah Orr-Shaw, Niyati Salker
BACKGROUND: Falls among community-dwelling older adults are a serious public health concern. While evidence-based fall prevention strategies are available, their effective implementation requires broad cross-sector coordination that is beyond the capacity of any single institution or organization. Community groups comprised of diverse stakeholders that include public health, care providers from the public and private sectors and citizen volunteers are working to deliver locally-based fall prevention...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178958/informing-the-implementation-of-evidence-informed-decision-making-interventions-using-a-social-network-analysis-perspective-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Lynne Lohfeld, Alexandra Marin, Robert Hanneman, Maureen Dobbins
BACKGROUND: Workforce development is an important aspect of evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) interventions. The structure of formal and informal social networks can influence, and be influenced, by the implementation of EIDM interventions. METHODS: In a mixed methods study we assessed the outcomes of a targeted training intervention to promote EIDM among the staff in three public health units in Ontario, Canada. This report focuses on the qualitative phase of the study in which key staff were interviewed about the process of engagement in the intervention, communications during the intervention, and social consequences...
February 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177114/implementation-of-a-mentored-professional-development-programme-in-laboratory-leadership-and-management-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#8
L A Perrone, D Confer, E Scott, L Livingston, C Bradburn, A McGee, T Furtwangler, A Downer, A H Mokdad, J F Flandin, S Shotorbani, H Asghar, H E Tolbah, H J Ahmed, A Alwan, R Martin
Laboratories need leaders who can effectively utilize the laboratories' resources, maximize the laboratories'capacity to detect disease, and advocate for laboratories in a fluctuating health care environment. To address this need, the University of Washington, USA, created the Certificate Program in Laboratory Leadership and Management in partnership with WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, and implemented it with 17 participants and 11 mentors from clinical and public health laboratories in 10 countries (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen) in 2014...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161674/advocacy-coalitions-involved-in-california-s-menu-labeling-policy-debate-exploring-coalition-structure-policy-beliefs-resources-and-strategies
#9
Denise D Payán, LaVonna B Lewis, Michael R Cousineau, Michael B Nichol
Advocacy coalitions often play an important role in the state health policymaking process, yet little is known about their structure, composition, and behavior. In 2008, California became the first state to enact a menu labeling law. Using the advocacy coalition framework, we examine different facets of the coalitions involved in California's menu labeling policy debate. We use a qualitative research approach to identify coalition members and explore their expressed beliefs and policy arguments, resources, and strategies by analyzing legislative documents (n = 87) and newspaper articles (n = 78) produced between 1999 and 2009...
January 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156196/the-potential-for-political-leadership-in-hiv-aids-communication-campaigns-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Abraar Karan, Emily Hartford, Thomas J Coates
BACKGROUND: The HIV/AIDS epidemic has become a point of important political concern for governments especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical and public health interventions to curb the epidemic can be greatly enhanced with the strategic support of political leaders. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the role of national political leadership in large-scale HIV/AIDS communications campaigns in 14 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We primarily reviewed grey and white literature published from 2005-2014...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153038/priority-gaps-and-promising-areas-in-maternal-health-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-summary-findings-of-a-mapping-of-2292-publications-between-2000-and-2012
#11
EDITORIAL
Matthew F Chersich, Greg Martin
This commentary sums the findings of a series of papers on a study that mapped the global research agenda for maternal health. The mapping reviewed published interventional research across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from 2000 to 2012, specifically focusing on investigating the topics covered by this research, the methodologies applied, the funding landscape and trends in authorship attribution.The overarching aim underpinning the mapping activities was to evaluate whether research and funding align with causes of maternal mortality, and thereby highlight gaps in research priorities and governance...
February 2, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150059/conceptualizing-a-public-health-prevention-intervention-for-bridging-the-30-million-word-gap
#12
REVIEW
Charles R Greenwood, Judith J Carta, Dale Walker, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Jill Gilkerson, Anne L Larson, Alana Schnitz
Early childhood experience is a social determinant of children's health and well-being. The well-being of young children is founded on their relationships and interactions with parents and family members in the home, caregivers, and teachers in early education, and friends and families in the greater community. Unfortunately, the early language experience of infants and toddlers from low-income families is typically vastly different than children from middle- and higher-income families. Hart and Risley (Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141673/implementation-of-a-legionella-ordinance-for-multifamily-housing-garland-texas
#13
Ellen A Whitney, Sarah Blake, Ruth L Berkelman
CONTEXT: The incidence of legionellosis has sharply increased in the United States as a result of contaminated water systems. Jurisdictions across the country are considering whether to develop and implement regulations to protect individuals against Legionnaires' disease with its associated high morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: This article sheds light on the implementation and effectiveness of a 2005 citywide Legionella testing mandate of multifamily housing cooling towers in Garland, Texas...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132582/non-deployment-factors-affecting-psychological-wellbeing-in-military-personnel-literature-review
#14
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131650/-she-s-on-her-own-a-thematic-analysis-of-clinicians-comments-on-abortion-referral
#15
Nazeneen Homaifar, Lori Freedman, Valerie French
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to understand the motivations around and practices of abortion referral among women's health providers. METHODS: We analyzed the written comments from a survey of Nebraska physicians and advanced-practice clinicians in family medicine and obstetrics-gynecology about their referral practices and opinions for a woman seeking an abortion. We analyzed clinician's responses to open-ended questions on abortion referral thematically. RESULTS: Of the 496 completed surveys, 431 had comments available for analysis...
January 25, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130947/principles-for-health-system-capacity-planning-insights-for-healthcare-leaders
#16
James Shaw, Ivy Wong, Bailey Griffin, Michael Robertson, R Sacha Bhatia
Jurisdictions across Canada and around the world face the challenge of planning high-performing and sustainable health systems in response to growing healthcare demands. In this paper, we report on the process of developing principles for health system capacity planning by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care in Ontario. Integrating the results of a literature review on health system planning and a symposium with representatives from local health integration networks, we describe the following six principles in detail: (1) develop an aspirational vision, (2) establish clear leadership, (3) commit to stakeholder engagement, (4) engage patients and the public, (5) build analytics infrastructure and (6) revise policy when necessary...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129409/justice-is-the-missing-link-in-one-health-results-of-a-mixed-methods-study-in-an-urban-city-state
#17
Tamra Lysaght, Benjamin Capps, Michele Bailey, David Bickford, Richard Coker, Zohar Lederman, Sangeetha Watson, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
BACKGROUND: One Health (OH) is an interdisciplinary collaborative approach to human and animal health that aims to break down conventional research and policy 'silos'. OH has been used to develop strategies for zoonotic Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID). However, the ethical case for OH as an alternative to more traditional public health approaches is largely absent from the discourse. To study the ethics of OH, we examined perceptions of the human health and ecological priorities for the management of zoonotic EID in the Southeast Asia country of Singapore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128049/an-integrative-discourse-perspective-on-positive-leadership-in-public-health-care
#18
Ville Pietiläinen, Ilkka Salmi
Purpose This study aims to take a discursive view on positive leadership (PL). A positive approach has gained momentum in recent years as appropriate leadership practices are implemented in organizations. Despite the turn toward discursive approaches in organization studies, there is insufficient evidence supporting PL as a socially constructed experience. Design/methodology/approach The present study addresses an integrative discourse perspective for capturing the PL concept as a social process within the public health-care context...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128045/the-new-frontier-of-public-health-education
#19
David Birnbaum, Kathryn Gretsinger, Ursula Ellis
Purpose The aim of this paper is to describe the experience and educational benefits of a course that has several unique educational design features. Design/methodology/approach This includes narrative description of faculty and student experience from participants in a flipped-instructional-design inter-professional education course. Findings "Improving Public Health - An Interprofessional Approach to Designing and Implementing Effective Interventions" is an undergraduate public health course open to students regardless of background...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125904/structured-mentoring-for-workforce-engagement-and-professional-development-in-public-health-settings
#20
Stephanie A Dopson, Sue Griffey, Neelam Ghiya, Susan Laird, Aubrey Cyphert, John Iskander
Mentoring is commonly used to facilitate professional growth and workforce development in a variety of settings. Organizations can use mentoring to help achieve broader personnel goals including leadership development and succession planning. While mentorship can be incorporated into training programs in public health, there are other examples of structured mentoring, with time commitments ranging from minutes to months or longer. Based on a review of the literature in public health and aggregated personal subject matter expertise of existing programs at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we summarize selected mentoring models that vary primarily by time commitments and meeting frequency and identify specific work situations to which they may be applicable, primarily from the federal job experience point of view...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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