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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921046/weight-management-in-primary-care
#1
REVIEW
Susanne Maurer
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. It is not only a medical but also a philosophical, ecological, economic, sociocultural, and psychological problem as well as a severe consequence of our modern value definition to 'receive more and more'. Therefore, physicians are not able to treat obesity broadly and should not be used as tools to achieve certain weight goals. METHODS: This article presents an outline of conservative obesity therapy...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920214/the-role-of-leadership-support-for-health-promotion-in-employee-wellness-program-participation-perceived-job-stress-and-health-behaviors
#2
Jennifer Hoert, Ann M Herd, Marion Hambrick
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between leadership support for health promotion and job stress, wellness program participation, and health behaviors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used. SETTING: Four worksites with a range of wellness programs were selected for this study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study were employees (n = 618) at 4 organizations (bank, private university, wholesale supplier, and public university) in the southeastern United States, each offering an employee wellness program...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909582/ebola-research-funding-a-systematic-analysis-1997-2015
#3
Joseph Ra Fitchett, Amos Lichtman, Damilola T Soyode, Ariel Low, Jimena Villar de Onis, Michael G Head, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: The latest outbreak of Ebola in West Africa overwhelmed the affected countries, with the impact on health extending far beyond Ebola-related deaths that have exceeded 11 000. The need to promptly mobilise resources to control emerging infections is widely recognized. Yet, data on research funding for emerging infections remains inadequately documented. METHODS: We defined research investment as all funding flows for Ebola and/or Marburg virus from 1997 to April 2015 whose primary purpose was to advance knowledge and new technologies to prevent or cure disease...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904435/the-challenges-of-primary-health-care-nurse-leaders-in-the-wake-of-new-health-care-reform-in-norway
#4
Wivi-Ann Tingvoll, Torill Sæterstrand, Leon Mendel McClusky
BACKGROUND: The local municipality, whose management style is largely inspired by the New Public Management (NPM) model, has administrative responsibilities for primary health care in Norway. Those responsible for health care at the local level often find themselves torn between their professional responsibilities and the municipality's market-oriented funding system. The introduction of the new health care reform process known as the Coordination Reform in January 2012 prioritises primary health care while simultaneously promoting a more collaborative and multidisciplinary approach to health care...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890982/towards-a-better-health-care-delivery-system-the-tamil-nadu-model
#5
R Parthasarathi, S P Sinha
The Tamil Nadu model of public health is renowned for its success in providing quality health services at an affordable cost especially to the rural people. Tamil Nadu is the only state with a distinctive public health cadre in the district level and also the first state to enact a Public Health Act in 1939. Tamil Nadu has gained significant ground in the various aspects of health in the last few decades largely because of the significant reforms in its health sector which dates back to 1980s which saw rigorous expansion of rural health infrastructure in the state besides deployment of thousands of multipurpose health workers as village health nurses in rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882502/institutional-responsibility-and-the-flawed-genomic-biomarkers-at-duke-university-a-missed-opportunity-for-transparency-and-accountability
#6
David L DeMets, Thomas R Fleming, Gail Geller, David F Ransohoff
When there have been substantial failures by institutional leadership in their oversight responsibility to protect research integrity, the public should demand that these be recognized and addressed by the institution itself, or the funding bodies. This commentary discusses a case of research failures in developing genomic predictors for cancer risk assessment and treatment at a leading university. In its review of this case, the Office of Research Integrity, an agency within the US Department of Health and Human Services, focused their report entirely on one individual faculty member and made no comment on the institution's responsibility and its failure to provide adequate oversight and investigation...
November 23, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875070/competitive-funding-strategies-for-the-conquer-cancer-foundation-of-asco
#7
Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Sanjay Goel, Adrien Dickerson, Jamie Von Roenn, Michael A Thompson, Anne S Tsao
PURPOSE: The Conquer Cancer Foundation (CCF), the philanthropic arm of ASCO, is responsible for funding innovative clinical research. CCF wants to broaden its donor base instead of relying predominantly on health-care companies. Our Leadership Development Program (LDP) group was tasked with identifying potential donor sources and making recommendations to increase funding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected three sources to research: the general public, crowdsourcing/social media, and ASCO members...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870719/public-health-leadership-and-management-in-the-era-of-public-health-3-0
#8
Michael Fraser, Brian Castrucci, Elizabeth Harper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854521/the-relationship-between-us-military-officer-leadership-behaviors-and-risk-of-sexual-assault-of-reserve-national-guard-and-active-component-servicewomen-in-nondeployed-locations
#9
Anne G Sadler, Michelle A Mengeling, Brenda M Booth, Amy M J O'Shea, James C Torner
OBJECTIVES: To determine if military leader behaviors are associated with active component and Reserve-National Guard servicewomen's risk of sexual assault in the military (SAIM) for nondeployed locations. METHODS: A community sample of 1337 Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom-era Army and Air Force servicewomen completed telephone interviews (March 2010-December 2011) querying sociodemographic and military characteristics, sexual assault histories, and leader behaviors...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848401/let-s-talk-fgm
#10
(no author information available yet)
A public health nurse at Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust developed the Let's Talk FGM app using funding from her Mary Seacole Leadership Award.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843168/scaling-up-antiretroviral-therapy-in-malawi
#11
Andreas Jahn, Anthony D Harries, Erik J Schouten, Edwin Libamba, Nathan Ford, Dermot Maher, Frank Chimbwandira
PROBLEM: In Malawi, health-system constraints meant that only a fraction of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in immediate need of antiretroviral treatment (ART) received treatment. APPROACH: In 2004, the Malawian Ministry of Health launched plans to scale-up ART nationwide, adhering to the principle of equity to ensure fair geographical access to therapy. A public health approach was used with standardized training and treatment and regular supervision and monitoring of the programme...
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834237/promoting-health-equity-and-population-health-how-americans-views-differ
#12
Larry Bye, Alyssa Ghirardelli, Angela Fontes
To increase understanding of what Americans think about personal and public health, a national survey of US adults was conducted in 2015-16 to develop a typology of values and beliefs. The survey was commissioned by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for its Culture of Health initiative. Six specific population groupings, or segments, were identified. Three segments included people who supported an active government role in health, two segments were characterized by people who were skeptical toward government, and one segment was characterized by people with conflicted attitudes toward government in health...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818849/assessing-feasibility-and-readiness-to-address-obesity-through-policy-in-american-indian-reservations
#13
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Gail Boe, Carolyn Noonan, Leslie Carroll, Dedra Buchwald
The Institute of Medicine and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have identified policy and environmental strategies as critical to the prevention and control of obesity. However such strategies are rare in American Indian communities despite significant obesity-related disparities. Tribal policymaking processes differ by tribal nation and are often poorly understood by researchers and public health practitioners, hindering the dissemination, implementation, and successful scale-up of evidence-base obesity strategies in tribal communities...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816066/sectoral-system-capacity-development-in-health-promotion-evaluation-of-an-aboriginal-nutrition-program
#14
Bill Genat, Jennifer Browne, Sharon Thorpe, Catherine MacDonald
Issue addressed: The study examined effective ways to build the capacity of health organisations and professionals in the public health sector to reduce Aboriginal chronic disease risk factors. It investigated the capacity-building strategies of the Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (VACCHO) nutrition team in the facilitation of the statewide implementation of the Victorian Aboriginal Nutrition and Physical Activity Strategy 2009-2014 (VANPAS).Methods: Using a qualitative design, the study analysed the VACCHO program from 2009-2014 across five domains of capacity development: workforce, resources, organisations, partnerships and leadership...
November 7, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814734/esip-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-mozambique-s-novel-approach-for-a-sustainable-human-resources-for-health-information-system
#15
Keith P Waters, Moises Ernesto Mazivila, Martinho Dgedge, Edgar Necochea, Devan Manharlal, Alexandra Zuber, Beatriz de Faria Leão, Debora Bossemeyer, Alfredo E Vergara
INTRODUCTION: Over the past decade, governments and international partners have responded to calls for health workforce data with ambitious investments in human resources information systems (HRIS). However, documentation of country experiences in the use of HRIS to improve strategic planning and management has been lacking. The purpose of this case presentation is to document for the first time Mozambique's novel approach to HRIS, sharing key success factors and contributing to the scant global knowledge base on HRIS...
November 5, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813688/the-health-professions-education-pathway-preparing-students-residents-and-fellows-to-become-future-educators
#16
H Carrie Chen, Maria A Wamsley, Amin Azzam, Katherine Julian, David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PROBLEM: Training the next generation of health professionals requires leaders, innovators, and scholars in education. Although many medical schools and residencies offer education electives or tracks focused on developing teaching skills, these programs often omit educational innovation, scholarship, and leadership and are narrowly targeted to one level of learner. INTERVENTION: The University of California San Francisco created the Health Professions Education Pathway for medical students, residents, and fellows as well as learners from other health professional schools...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810889/factors-influencing-improved-attendance-in-the-uk-fire-service
#17
I Litchfield, P Hinckley
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence rates in the UK continue to exceed those in much of the developed world, with an annual cost to employers of £29 billion. Rates of sickness absence in the public sector are higher than those in the private sector, with the exception of the fire service where they are consistently lower. AIMS: To understand the influences that increase attendance among operational firefighters. METHODS: A series of semi-structured interviews undertaken with operational staff to explore their attitudes to sickness absence...
November 3, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808023/searching-for-best-direction-in-healthcare-distilling-opportunities-priorities-and-responsibilities
#18
Terrence Montague, Amédé Gogovor, Lucas Marshall, Bonnie Cochrane, Sara Ahmed, Emily Torr, John Aylen, Joanna Nemis-White
Canada's health and its care are evolving. Evidence from serial Health Care in Canada surveys of the public and health professionals over the last two decades reveal a persistent sense of care quality, despite an aging population, decreasing levels of good and excellent health, increasing prevalence of chronic illnesses; and sub-optimal access to timely and patient-centred care. Stakeholders are, however, somewhat pessimistic and many sense complete rebuilding, or major changes, may be necessary. To improve access, the primary health concern of all Canadians - increasing medical and nursing school enrolment, and requiring professionals to work in teams - have attracted increasingly high support from both the public and professionals...
2016: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800632/the-dnp-mph-dual-degree-an-innovative-graduate-education-program-for-advanced-public-health-nursing
#19
Kathy Shaw, Scott Harpin, Geraldine Steinke, Marilyn Stember, Marilyn Krajicek
Strong professional priorities, evolving Affordable Care Act requirements, and a significantly limited public health nursing workforce prompted the University of Colorado College of Nursing to collaborate with the School of Public Health to implement one of the first Doctor of Nursing Practice/Master of Public Health dual degree programs in the nation. Federal grant funding supported the development, implementation, and evaluation of this unique post-baccalaureate dual degree program, for which there were no roadmaps, models, or best practices to follow...
October 31, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798437/a-review-and-critique-of-advances-in-nursing-science-articles-that-focus-on-sexual-health-and-sexual-rights-a-call-to-leadership-and-policy-development
#20
Lynn Rew, Whitney Thurman, Kari McDonald
Sexual health and sexual rights are integral to nursing science but ignored in nursing publications. We searched Advances in Nursing Science for prevalence of these topics. Fifteen articles (1.3%) met our criteria. No nursing theories were used as frameworks, and few concrete suggestions were made for further theory development. Discussion of sociopolitical influences on sexual health and/or sexual rights was limited, mostly unrelated to health care. Information to influence nursing practice, theory development, further research, or policy across the life span, for both males and females, and for variant-gender individuals, was limited...
October 28, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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