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Public Health Leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791741/diffusing-and-scaling-evidence-based-interventions-eight-lessons-for-early-child-development-from-the-implementation-of-perinatal-home-visiting-in-south-africa
#1
Mark Tomlinson, Xanthe Hunt, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Most low- and middle-income countries lack resources with which to implement public health programs. As such, there is a necessity to facilitate programing that judiciously makes use of what resources there are. However, despite evidence for the efficacy of many interventions, translating these into real-world effectiveness, and then into scalability, is complex and has often been neglected. We draw on a case study of Philani+ (a maternal and child health intervention implemented in South Africa) to distil eight features of health programing that aid intervention effectiveness...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789099/building-capacity-for-change-evaluation-of-an-organisation-wide-leadership-development-program
#2
Tim Schultz, Jodie Shoobridge, Gill Harvey, Libby Carter, Alison Kitson
Objective. This study evaluated Leading 4 Change, a change leadership development program designed to support healthcare middle managers through a period of significant organisational change and enhance workplace resilience. Methods. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted within the program's framework of a quality improvement activity. Quantitative measures were participant responses (n=160) to online questionnaires, which were compared before and after the program, using an uncontrolled pre-post study design...
May 23, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782385/organizational-supports-for-research-evidence-use-in-state-public-health-agencies-a-latent-class-analysis
#3
Hengrui Hu, Peg Allen, Yan Yan, Rodrigo S Reis, Rebekah R Jacob, Ross C Brownson
OBJECTIVE: Use of research evidence in public health decision making can be affected by organizational supports. Study objectives are to identify patterns of organizational supports and explore associations with research evidence use for job tasks among public health practitioners. DESIGN: In this longitudinal study, we used latent class analysis to identify organizational support patterns, followed by mixed logistic regression analysis to quantify associations with research evidence use...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781680/provision-of-antiretroviral-therapy-for-children-in-nelson-mandela-bay-health-care-professionals-challenges
#4
Margaret Williams, Dalena R M Van Rooyen, Esmeralda J Ricks
BACKGROUND:  The human immunodeficiency virus and/or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic continues to increase in prevalence worldwide, particularly in South Africa, and includes the often overlooked paediatric population. The provision of paediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) is as essential for children as for adults, and has numerous obstacles, not least of which is lack of decentralisation of facilities to provide essential treatment. Optimising ART, care and support for HIV-positive children, and their caregivers, at public sector primary health care (PHC) clinics is crucial to improve morbidity and mortality rates in children...
March 12, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764178/compassionate-communities-in-canada-it-is-everyone-s-responsibility
#5
Bonnie Tompkins
Prof. Allan Kellehear first developed a contemporary public health approach to palliative and end-of-life care. Countries around the world have since adopted the theory of practice that mobilizes palliative care as a public health issue-particularly the Compassionate Communities (CC) model. In the wake of Canada's Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) legislation and its growing senior population, quality palliative care has enjoyed a renewed focus. Pallium Canada is helping communities across the country understand and adopt the CC model, through education, knowledge mobilization, project facilitation, and leadership...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764171/compassionate-communities-design-and-preliminary-results-of-the-experience-of-vic-barcelona-spain-caring-city
#6
Xavier Gómez-Batiste, Silvia Mateu, Susagna Serra-Jofre, Magda Molas, Sarah Mir-Roca, Jordi Amblàs, Xavier Costa, Cristina Lasmarías, Marta Serrarols, Alvar Solà-Serrabou, Candela Calle, Allan Kellehear
BACKGROUND: A program of Compassionate City or Community (CC) has been designed and developed in the City of Vic (43,964 habitants, Barcelona, Spain), based on The Compassionate City Charter and other public health literature and experiments, with the joint leadership of the City Council and the Chair of Palliative Care at the University of Vic, and as an expansion of a comprehensive and integrated system of palliative care. METHODS: The program started with an assessment of needs of the city as identified by 48 social organizations with a foundational workshop and a semi-structured survey...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751223/employability-and-career-experiences-of-international-graduates-of-msc-public-health-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
C Buunaaisie, A M Manyara, H Annett, E L Bird, I Bray, J Ige, M Jones, J Orme, P Pilkington, D Evans
OBJECTIVES: This article aims to describe the public health career experiences of international graduates of a Master of Science in Public Health (MSc PH) programme and to contribute to developing the evidence base on international public health workforce capacity development. STUDY DESIGN: A sequential mixed methods study was conducted between January 2017 and April 2017. METHODS: Ninety-seven international graduates of one UK university's MSc PH programme were invited to take part in an online survey followed by semistructured interviews, for respondents who consented to be interviewed...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747669/role-of-the-general-practitioner-in-improving-rural-healthcare-access-a-case-from-nepal
#8
Bikash Gauchan, Stephen Mehanni, Pawan Agrawal, Mandeep Pathak, Santosh Dhungana
BACKGROUND: There is a global health workforce shortage, which is considered critical in Nepal, a low-income country with a predominantly rural population. General practitioners (GPs) may play a key role improving access to essential health services in rural Nepal, though they are currently underrepresented at the district hospital level. The objective of this paper is to describe how GPs are adding value in rural Nepal by exploring clinical, leadership, and educational roles currently performed in a rural district-level hospital...
May 10, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744237/a-case-study-of-the-use-of-a-special-interest-group-to-enhance-interest-in-public-health-among-undergraduate-health-science-students
#9
Arauna Louw, Astrid Turner, Liz Wolvaardt
Background: Education and training of undergraduate health science students in public health are insufficient in many parts of the world. This lack is a risk as early interest in specialist training options is a predictor of future training choices. A special interest group (SIG) is one mechanism to engage students, increase awareness and generate interest in public health. The purpose of this case study was to create and study such a group at an African university. Case presentation: An action research study design was used to create and study the SIG...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743090/effectiveness-of-a-multi-level-implementation-strategy-for-asd-interventions-study-protocol-for-two-linked-cluster-randomized-trials
#10
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Aubyn C Stahmer
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control (2018) estimates that 1 in 59 children has autism spectrum disorder, and the annual cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated to be $236 billion. Evidence-based interventions have been developed and demonstrate effectiveness in improving child outcomes. However, research on generalizable methods to scale up these practices in the multiple service systems caring for these children has been limited and is critical to meet this growing public health need...
May 9, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733267/a-gender-analysis-of-a-national-community-health-workers-program-a-case-study-of-afghanistan
#11
Said Ahmad Maisam Najafizada, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté
Gender equity can be a neglected issue in health system reforms. This paper explores the multiple layered gender dynamics of the Afghan Community Health Worker (CHW) Program within broader health system reforms in Afghanistan using a qualitative research design. We interviewed policy makers, health managers, CHWs and community members in 16 sites in 2013 and 2014. We found that gendered societal norms interact and influence the Afghan CHW program in a dynamic way. Gendered social norms around the division of labour tend to privilege women in terms of access to resources at the community level, but it is men who hold leadership positions that ultimately decide how the resources are to be distributed...
May 7, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726390/the-my-child-matters-programme-effect-of-public-private-partnerships-on-paediatric-cancer-care-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#12
REVIEW
Scott C Howard, Alia Zaidi, Xueyuan Cao, Olivier Weil, Pierre Bey, Catherine Patte, Angelica Samudio, Laurie Haddad, Catherine G Lam, Claude Moreira, Augusto Pereira, Mhamed Harif, Laila Hessissen, Salma Choudhury, Ligia Fu, Miguela A Caniza, Julius Lecciones, Fousseyni Traore, Raul C Ribeiro, Anne Gagnepain-Lacheteau
In low-income and middle-income countries, an excess in treatment failure for children with cancer usually results from misdiagnosis, inadequate access to treatment, death from toxicity, treatment abandonment, and relapse. The My Child Matters programme of the Sanofi Espoir Foundation has funded 55 paediatric cancer projects in low-income and middle-income countries over 10 years. We assessed the impact of the projects in these regions by using baseline assessments that were done in 2006. Based on these data, estimated 5-year survival in 2016 increased by a median of 5·1%, ranging from -1·5% in Venezuela to 17·5% in Ukraine...
May 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724985/-it-all-started-from-worms-korea-japan-parasite-control-cooperation-and-asian-network-1960s-1980s
#13
Junho Jung, Ock-Joo Kim
The Korea Association of Health Promotion and Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP), and Taiwan's Chinese Foundation of Health all originated from parasite control organizations. Currently these organizations hold no apparent relations to parasite control activities. However, many of the senior leaderships of these organizations including presidents, have parasitology as their background. Kunii Chojiro (the founder of Japan Association of Parasite Control (JAPC) and JOICFP) explained it as "it all started from worms...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717650/the-shadows-in-healthcare-leadership
#14
Tracey Lynn Nigro
This article outlines personality traits such as psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, and sadism which, when elevated in health leaders, may have negative effects upon teams, the organizations they work for, and ultimately the public. The implications of such traits for specific core health leadership competency domains are explored as well as potential mitigation approaches to minimize and possibly redirect such personality traits.
May 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716669/the-health-sector-response-to-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#15
Shiva Subedi, Guna Nidhi Sharma, Sagar Dahal, Megha Raj Banjara, Basu Dev Pandey
ABSTRACTIn April 2015, Nepal experienced an earthquake of a magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter scale that resulted in deaths, morbidities, and infrastructure damage. In the post-earthquake period, 4 different workshops and a national "Lessons Learnt" conference were organized to assess the adequacy of the preparedness and response of the health sector. This article summarizes the main conclusions of these discussions relating to leadership, timely search and rescue, referral operations, medical relief to response activities, awareness campaigns, and support from the national and international levels, and epidemiological surveillance...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716606/the-impact-of-orthopaedic-research-evidence-on-health-financing-in-australia
#16
Martin Hua, Daniel Myers, Lachlan Host
BACKGROUND: In Australia, approval by the Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) is an important step in the implementation of new health technologies. The MSAC considers health technology assessments (HTA) when submitting a recommendation to the Minister of Health on a new technology's suitability for public funding. Despite being such a critical tool in formulating policy, there has been little scrutiny on the impact of limited evidence on the performance of a national HTA agency's mandate...
May 2, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713503/mobile-health-messaging-service-and-helpdesk-for-south-african-mothers-momconnect-history-successes-and-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Peter Barron, Joanne Peter, Amnesty E LeFevre, Jane Sebidi, Marcha Bekker, Robert Allen, Annie Neo Parsons, Peter Benjamin, Yogan Pillay
MomConnect is a flagship programme of the South African National Department of Health that has reached over 1.5 million pregnant women. Using mobile technology, MomConnect provides pregnant and postpartum women with twice-weekly health information text messages as well as access to a helpdesk for patient queries and feedback. In just 3 years, MomConnect has been taken to scale to reach over 95% of public health facilities and has reached 63% of all pregnant women attending their first antenatal appointment...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710100/achieving-gender-equity-in-physician-compensation-and-career-advancement-a-position-paper-of-the-american-college-of-physicians
#18
Renee Butkus, Joshua Serchen, Darilyn V Moyer, Sue S Bornstein, Susan Thompson Hingle
Women comprise more than one third of the active physician workforce, an estimated 46% of all physicians-in-training, and more than half of all medical students in the United States. Although progress has been made toward gender diversity in the physician workforce, disparities in compensation exist and inequities have contributed to a disproportionately low number of female physicians achieving academic advancement and serving in leadership positions. Women in medicine face other challenges, including a lack of mentors, discrimination, gender bias, cultural environment of the workplace, imposter syndrome, and the need for better work-life integration...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709233/mapping-the-historical-development-of-physical-activity-and-health-research-a-structured-literature-review-and-citation-network-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Michael Pratt, Jenine Harris, Jesse Lecy, Deborah Salvo, Ross C Brownson, Pedro C Hallal
Little has been published about the historical development of scientific evidence in the physical activity (PA) and public health research field. The study aimed to examine the evolution of knowledge in this field. A structured literature review using formal citation network analysis methods was conducted in June-2016. Using a list of influential PA publications identified by domain experts, a snowball sampling technique was used to build a compact citation network of 141 publications that represents the backbone of the field...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708998/copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-a-validation-study-using-the-job-demand-resources-model
#20
Hanne Berthelsen, Jari J Hakanen, Hugo Westerlund
AIM: This study aims at investigating the nomological validity of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ II) by using an extension of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model with aspects of work ability as outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study design is cross-sectional. All staff working at public dental organizations in four regions of Sweden were invited to complete an electronic questionnaire (75% response rate, n = 1345). The questionnaire was based on COPSOQ II scales, the Utrecht Work Engagement scale, and the one-item Work Ability Score in combination with a proprietary item...
2018: PloS One
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