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Public Health Leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626753/health-brokers-how-can-they-help-deal-with-the-wickedness-of-public-health-problems
#1
Celeste E van Rinsum, Sanne M P L Gerards, Geert M Rutten, Ien A M van de Goor, Stef P J Kremers
BACKGROUND: The role of health broker is a relatively new one in public health. Health brokers aim to create support for efforts to optimise health promotion in complex or even "wicked" public health contexts by facilitating intersectoral collaborations and by exchanging knowledge with different stakeholders. The current study aimed to explore the role of health brokers, by examining the motivational, contextual, and behaviour-related factors they have to deal with. METHODS: Fifteen professionals from various backgrounds and from various policy and practice organisations were recruited for a semistructured interview...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614475/-positioning-ecuador-in-the-global-health-agenda-as-a-result-of-sector-reform
#2
Cristina Luna, Carlos Andrés Emanuele, Daniel De La Torre
Objective: Analyze strategies implemented by Ecuador's Ministry of Public Health (MPH) to position the country in the global health agenda during the period 2011-2015 as a result of health sector reform. Method: Documentary review and interviews with stakeholders in national and international agencies with respect to positioning in the global health sphere during the study period. Results: It was observed that the reform process produced a new framework to manage international health relations...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614472/-human-resources-for-health-in-ecuador-s-new-model-of-care
#3
Verónica Espinosa, Daniel de la Torre, Cecilia Acuña, Cristina Cadena
Objective: Describe strategies implemented by Ecuador's Ministry of Public Health (MPH) to strengthen human resources for health leadership and respond to the new model of care, as a part of the reform process in the period 2012-2015. Methods: A documentary review was carried out of primary and secondary sources on development of human resources for health before and after the reform. Results: In the study period, Ecuador developed a new institutional and regulatory framework for developing human resources for health to respond to the requirements of a model of care based on primary health care...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604295/medical-experts-and-agnotology-in-the-fumes-controversy-of-the-huelva-copper-mines-1888-1890
#4
Ximo Guillem-Llobat
Huelva's copper mines (Spain) have been active for centuries but in the second half of the nineteenth century extractive activities in Riotinto, Tharsis, and other mines in the region were intensified in order to reach world leadership. The method used in these mines for copper extraction from low grade ores generated continuous emissions of fumes that were extremely controversial. The inhabitants had complained about the fumes for decades but as activity intensified so did complaints. The killing of anti-fumes demonstrators in 1888 led to the passing of a Royal Decree banning the open-air roasting of ore and to the drafting of numerous reports on the hazards of the fumes...
July 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602562/the-humanitarian-system-is-not-just-broke-but-broken-recommendations-for-future-humanitarian-action
#5
REVIEW
Paul B Spiegel
An unprecedented number of humanitarian emergencies of large magnitude and duration is causing the largest number of people in a generation to be forcibly displaced. Yet the existing humanitarian system was created for a different time and is no longer fit for purpose. On the basis of lessons learned from recent crises, particularly the Syrian conflict and the Ebola epidemic, I recommend four sets of actions that would make the humanitarian system relevant for future public health responses: (1) operationalise the concept of centrality of protection; (2) integrate affected persons into national health systems by addressing the humanitarian-development nexus; (3) remake, do not simply revise, leadership and coordination; and (4) make interventions efficient, effective, and sustainable...
June 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597859/suicide-burden-and-prevention-in-nepal-the-need-for-a-national-strategy
#6
Kedar Marahatta, Reuben Samuel, Pawan Sharma, Lonim Dixit, Bhola Ram Shrestha
Suicide is a major cause of deaths worldwide and is a key public health concern in Nepal. Although routine national data are not collected in Nepal, the available evidence suggests that suicide rates are relatively high, notably for women. In addition, civil conflict and the 2015 earthquake have had significant contributory effects. A range of factors both facilitate suicide attempts and hinder those affected from seeking help, such as the ready availability of toxic pesticides and the widespread, although erroneous, belief that suicide is illegal...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585164/implementation-of-the-reach-model-of-dementia-caregiver-support-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-communities
#7
Jennifer Martindale-Adams, Tina Tah, Bruce Finke, Cynthia LaCounte, Barbara J Higgins, Linda O Nichols
The Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers Health in the VA (REACH VA) dementia caregiving intervention has been implemented in the VA, in community agencies, and internationally. As identified in the 2013 and 2015 National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease, REACH is being made available to American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Implementation activities are carried out by local Public Health Nursing programs operated by Indian Health Service and Tribal Health programs, and Administration for Community Living/Administration on Aging funded Tribal Aging program staff already working in each community...
June 5, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582994/which-primary-care-model-a-qualitative-analysis-of-ward-based-outreach-teams-in-south-africa
#8
Tessa S Marcus, Jannie Hugo, Champak C Jinabhai
Globally, models of extending universal health coverage through primary care are influenced by country-specific systems of health care and disease management. In 2015 a rapid assessment of the ward-based outreach component of primary care reengineering was commissioned to understand implementation and rollout challenges. AIM: This article aims to describe middle- and lower-level managers' understanding of ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs) and the problems of authority, jurisdiction and practical functioning that arise from the way the model is constructed and has been operationalised...
May 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582993/mapping-evidence-of-interventions-and-strategies-to-bridge-the-gap-in-the-implementation-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-programme-policy-in-sub-saharan-countries-a-scoping-review
#9
Wilbroda H Ngidi, Joanne R Naidoo, Busisiwe P Ncama, Zamasomi P B Luvuno, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson
BACKGROUND: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is a life-saving public health intervention. Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries have made significant progress in the programme, but little is known about the strategies used by them to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV. AIM: To map evidence of strategies and interventions employed by SSA in bridging the implementation gap in the rapidly changing PMTCT of HIV programme policy. METHODS: Electronic search of the databases MEDLINE, PubMed and SABINET for articles published in English between 2001 and August 2016...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573835/communities-in-action-developing-a-dental-ambassador-training-programme-for-adults-with-learning-disability
#10
R Witton, R Potterton, W Smith
Adults with learning disabilities may be at higher risk of poor oral health. The community outreach programme attached to Plymouth University Peninsula Dental School used established links with local agencies for this group to try out an intervention using service users as dental ambassadors. A programme was developed to meet the needs of the group and training in oral health key messages was provided along with support in presentation skills. Early evaluation shows promise in terms of feasibility, interest and improved self-care...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573355/a-6-year-update-of-the-health-policy-and-advocacy-priorities-of-the-society-of-behavioral-medicine
#11
Joanna Buscemi, Gary G Bennett, Sherri Sheinfeld Gorin, Sherry L Pagoto, James F Sallis, Dawn K Wilson, Marian L Fitzgibbon
Government policy affects virtually every topic of interest to health behavior researchers, from research funding to reimbursement for clinical services to application of evidence to impact health outcomes. This paper provides a 6-year update on the expansion of Society of Behavioral Medicine's (SBM) public policy and advocacy agenda and proposed future directions. SBM's Health Policy Council is responsible for ensuring coordination of the policy-related activities of the Health Policy Committee (HPC), the Civic and Public Engagement Committee (CPEC), and the Scientific and Professional Liaison Council (SPLC)...
June 1, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561376/digital-story-telling-in-social-justice-nursing-education
#12
Raeann G LeBlanc
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore and evaluate how digital stories integrated into public health nursing education can teach social justice concepts essential for nurse leadership. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Four digital stories were selected and incorporated into a public health nursing course. Students were asked to reflect on these stories. A retrospective qualitative analysis was completed on the student narrative reflections and analyzed for themes...
May 31, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558838/towards-understanding-the-drivers-of-policy-change-a-case-study-of-infection-control-policies-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-south-africa
#13
Trust Saidi, Faatiema Salie, Tania S Douglas
BACKGROUND: Explaining policy change is one of the central tasks of contemporary policy analysis. In this article, we examine the changes in infection control policies for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in South Africa from the time the country made the transition to democracy in 1994, until 2015. We focus on MDR-TB infection control and refer to decentralised management as a form of infection control. Using Kingdon's theoretical framework of policy streams, we explore the temporal ordering of policy framework changes...
May 30, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553315/improving-ckd-diagnosis-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care-a-tailored-multifaceted-quality-improvement-programme
#14
John Humphreys, Gill Harvey, Janet Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health issue. From 2009 to 2014, the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care Greater Manchester (NIHR CLAHRC GM) in England ran 4 phased, 12-month quality improvement (QI) projects with 49 primary care practices in GM. Two measureable aims were set - halve undiagnosed CKD in participating practices using modelled estimates of prevalence; and optimise blood pressure (BP) control (<140/90 mm Hg in CKD patients without proteinuria; <130/80 mm Hg in CKD patients with proteinuria) for 75% of recorded cases of CKD...
January 2017: Nephron Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542063/drivers-motivating-community-health-improvement-plan-completion-by-local-public-health-agencies-and-community-partners-in-the-rocky-mountain-region-and-western-plains
#15
Anne Hill, Holly J Wolf, Elaine Scallan, Jenny Case, Yvonne Kellar-Guenther
CONTEXT: There are numerous drivers that motivate completion of community health improvement plans (CHIPs). Some are more obvious and include voluntary public health accreditation, state requirements, federal and state funding, and nonprofit hospital requirements through IRS regulations. Less is known about other drivers, including involvement of diverse partners and belief in best practices, that may motivate CHIP completion. OBJECTIVE: This research investigated the drivers that motivated CHIP completion based on experiences of 51 local public health agencies (LPHAs)...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537950/factors-associated-with-success-of-clinician-researchers-receiving-career-development-awards-from-the-national-institutes-of-health-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#16
Reshma Jagsi, Kent A Griffith, Rochelle D Jones, Abigail Stewart, Peter A Ubel
PURPOSE: Understanding the careers of recent career development awardees is essential to guide interventions to ensure gender equity and success in academic medicine. METHOD: In 2010-2011 (T1) and 2014 (T2), 1,719 clinician-researchers who received new K08 and K23 awards in 2006-2009 were longitudinally surveyed. Multivariable analyses evaluated the influence of factors on success, including demographics, job characteristics, work environment, priorities, and domestic responsibilities...
May 23, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533534/world-federation%C3%A2-of-public-health-associations-50%C3%A2-years-of-international%C3%A2-leadership-for-a-healthy-global-society
#17
James Chauvin, Margaret Hilson, Russell E Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532418/the-role-of-health-system-governance-in-strengthening-the-rural-health-insurance-system-in-china
#18
REVIEW
Beibei Yuan, Weiyan Jian, Li He, Bingyu Wang, Dina Balabanova
BACKGROUND: Systems of governance play a key role in the operation and performance of health systems. In the past six decades, China has made great advances in strengthening its health system, most notably in establishing a health insurance system that enables residents of rural areas to achieve access to essential services. Although there have been several studies of rural health insurance schemes, these have focused on coverage and service utilization, while much less attention has been given to the role of governance in designing and implementing these schemes...
May 23, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521714/development-and-implementation-of-the-dhapp-military-ehealth-information-network-system
#19
Mary Kratz, Anne Thomas, Ricardo Hora, Delphis Vera, Mickey Lutz, Mark D Johnson
As the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the Global Fund, and the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief focus on reaching 90-90-90 goals, military health systems are scaling up to meet the data demands of these ambitious objectives. Since 2008, the US Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP) has been working with military partners in 14 countries on implementation and adoption of a Military eHealth Information Network (MeHIN). Each country implementation plan followed a structured process using international eHealth standards...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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