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Intrahepatic bile duct stone

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801889/strategies-of-minimally-invasive-treatment-for-intrahepatic-and-extrahepatic-bile-duct-stones
#1
Zongming Zhang, Zhuo Liu, Limin Liu, Mengmeng Song, Chong Zhang, Hongwei Yu, Baijiang Wan, Mingwen Zhu, Zixu Liu, Hai Deng, Haiming Yuan, Haiyan Yang, Wenping Wei, Yue Zhao
Cholelithiasis is a kind of common and multiple diseases. In recent years, traditional laparotomy has been challenged by a minimally invasive surgery. Through literature review, the therapeutic method, effect, and complications of minimally invasive treatment of intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stones by combining our practical experience were summarized as follows. (1) For intrahepatic bile duct stones, the operation may be selected by laparoscopic liver resection, laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE), or percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy...
August 12, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763814/three-modalities-on-common-bile-duct-exploration
#2
Yong Zhou, Xu-Dong Wu, Wen-Zhang Zha, Ren-Gen Fan, Biao Zhang, Yong-Hua Xu, Cheng-Lin Qin, Jing Jia
Background Choledocholithiasis can be managed by transcystic (TC) and transduct (TD) stone extraction or using cholangioscopy through the left hepatic duct orifice (LHD). Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of common bile duct exploration through the TC approach, TD approach, and LHD approach for choledocholithiasis, with a specific emphasis on the TC and LHD approaches versus the TD approach. Methods Between January 2011 and June 2014, a total of 172 choledocholithiasis patients accompanied by cholecystitis and/or left intrahepatic gallstones were scheduled for laparoscopic or open common bile duct (CBD) exploration using cholangioscopy through the CBD (TD group: n = 72), cystic duct (TC group: n = 63), or LHD orifice (LHD group: n = 37)...
August 1, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682899/simple-resection-of-the-lesion-bile-duct-branch-for-treatment-of-regional-hepatic-bile-duct-stones
#3
Li Enliang, Wu Rongshou, Shi Shidai, Zhang Jingling, Feng Qian, Liao Wenjun, Wu Linquan
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of simple resections of bile duct branch lesions for the treatment of regional hepatic bile duct stones.A retrospective analysis of the clinical data from patients in our hospital from November 2008 to November 2015, who only underwent a simple resection of the lesion bile duct branch. The patients' clinical characteristics, surgical features, postoperative complications, stone clear rate, residual stone rate, and recurrence stone rate were analyzed.This study of 32 patients included 13 males and 19 females with intrahepatic bile duct stones confined to the right hepatic bile duct branch...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645113/prognostic-analysis-of-radical-resection-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Qingqiang Ni, Weifeng Shen, Minfeng Zhang, Cheng Yang, Wenchang Cai, Mengchao Wu, Jiamei Yang
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the clinicopathological characteristics of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and both disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) patients who underwent radical resection (R0). We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of 319 patients who underwent radical resection of ICC between October 1999 and December 2003. The independent adverse prognostic factors that affected DFS after radical resection of ICC were as follows: maximum tumor diameter (HR = 1...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643057/single-incision-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-in-101-consecutive-patients-choledochotomy-transcystic-and-transfistulous-approaches
#5
Shu-Hung Chuang, Min-Chang Hung, Shih-Wei Huang, Dev-Aur Chou, Hurng-Sheng Wu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for choledocholithiasis is still evolving. Only a few reports of single-incision laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) have been published. METHODS: One hundred and one consecutive patients underwent single-incision LCBDE (SILCBDE) by one surgeon with straight instruments during a 42-month period. RESULTS: Choledochotomies were performed on 61 patients (60.4%). The success rate of intrahepatic duct exploration was 68...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633199/diffuse-type-caroli-disease-with-characteristic-central-dot-sign-complicated-by-multiple-intrahepatic-and-common-bile-duct-stones
#6
Moon Joo Hwang, Tae Nyeun Kim
Caroli disease (CD) is a rare congenital malformation of the liver characterized by non-obstructive, segmental, cystic dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts (IHDs). The clinical course is usually asymptomatic for the first 5-20 years, and symptoms may seldom occur throughout the patient's life. Bile stagnation leads to recurrent episodes of cholangitis, stone formation, or liver abscesses, and biliary cirrhosis usually occurs years later. Here we report on a 42-year-old man diagnosed with diffuse-type CD with a characteristic central dot sign, who had multiple intrahepatic and common bile duct (CBD) stones...
July 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589507/biliary-stone-removal-through-the-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-route-focusing-on-the-balloon-sphincteroplasty-flushing-technique-a-single-center-study-with-916-patients
#7
Jong Soo Shin, Hyung Jin Shim, Byung Kook Kwak, Hyun-Ki Yoon
PURPOSE: To present our experience in biliary stone removal (BSR) through the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) route in 916 patients, and discuss its clinical usefulness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2015, 916 patients (479 male patients and 437 female patients; age range, 22-92 years; mean age, 67 years) with 52 recurring cases, so a total of 968 cases, were enrolled in this study and retrospectively reviewed. PTBD was performed in all patients...
August 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316328/reoperation-after-cyst-excision-with-hepaticojejunostomy-for-choledochal-cysts-our-experience-in-18-cases
#8
Qingfeng Sheng, Zhibao Lv, Weijue Xu, Xianmin Xiao, Jiangbin Liu, Yibo Wu
BACKGROUND Complete cyst excision with biliary reconstruction is the treatment of choice for choledochal cyst (CC). The aim of this article is to review our experience in patients who underwent reoperation between January 1995 and December 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS The records of 18 patients (female/male, 15/3) were retrospectively analyzed including age, sex, cyst type, initial procedure, lab and imaging findings, indications for reoperation, intraoperative findings, and results of reoperation. The median follow-up period was 6 years...
March 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254607/laparoscopic-left-sided-hepatectomy-for-the-treatment-of-hepatolithiasis-a-comparative-study-with-open-approach
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Long Peng, Jian Xiao, Zhanying Liu, Jisheng Zhu, Renhua Wan, Weidong Xiao, Yong Li
BACKGROUND: Hepatolithiasis is a prevalent disease in some regions of China. Left-sided hepatectomy is an effective treatment for left intrahepatic bile duct stones with irreversible disease, such as biliary strictures, severe parenchymal fibrosis or atrophy. However, the advantages of laparoscopic left-sided hepatectomy (LLH) over open approach (OLH) are still controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of LLH to those of OLH in the treatment of hepatolithiasis...
April 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239085/endoscopic-nasobiliary-drainage-for-bile-leak-caused-by-injury-to-the-ducts-of-luschka
#10
Soon Young Ko, Jeong Rok Lee, Joon Ho Wang
A 51-year-old man underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder stones. He had developed fever, chills, and abdominal pain four days after the procedure. In the drain tube, bile was persistently observed. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) showed a leakage from the small duct into the right intrahepatic duct. We determined that the bile leak was caused by an injury to the ducts of Luschka. An endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) using a 5-F nasobiliary tube (NBT) was performed, and the leak was resolved in five days...
February 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163717/four-major-factors-contributing-to-intrahepatic-stones
#11
REVIEW
Xi Ran, Baobing Yin, Baojin Ma
Intrahepatic stone is prevalent in Asian countries; though the incidence declines in recent years, the number of patients is still in a large quantity. Because of multiple complications, high recurrence rates, serious systemic damage, and a lack of extremely effective procedure for the management, it is more important to find out the etiology and pathogenesis of intrahepatic stones to prevent the disease from happening and developing rather than curing. A number of factors contribute to the development of the disease, such as cholestasis, infection, and anatomic abnormity of bile duct and bile metabolic defect...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048950/choledochoscopic-holmium-laser-lithotripsy-for-difficult-bile-duct-stones
#12
Shangdong Lv, Zheping Fang, Aidong Wang, Jian Yang, Wenlong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of choledochoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy as a means of removing resistant extrahepatic and intrahepatic bile duct stones. METHODS: Clinical data on 28 patients who had undergone choledochoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy were analyzed. RESULTS: Complete stone clearance was obtained in 24 patients; small numbers of residual stones in the left or right hepatic duct were found in 4 patients...
January 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018098/therapeutic-approaches-for-portal-biliopathy-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Irene Franceschet, Alberto Zanetto, Alberto Ferrarese, Patrizia Burra, Marco Senzolo
Portal biliopathy (PB) is defined as the presence of biliary abnormalities in patients with non-cirrhotic/non-neoplastic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and portal cavernoma (PC). The pathogenesis of PB is due to ab extrinseco compression of bile ducts by PC and/or to ischemic damage secondary to an altered biliary vascularization in EHPVO and PC. Although asymptomatic biliary abnormalities can be frequently seen by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with PC (77%-100%), only a part of these (5%-38%) are symptomatic...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003028/worsening-cholestasis-and-possible-cefuroxime-induced-liver-injury-following-successful-therapeutic-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-for-a-distal-common-bile-duct-stone-a-case-report
#14
Madunil Anuk Niriella, Ravindu Sujeewa Kumarasena, Anuradha Supun Dassanayake, Aloka Pathirana, Janaki de Silva Hewavisenthi, Hithanadura Janaka de Silva
BACKGROUND: Cefuroxime very rarely causes drug-induced liver injury. We present a case of a patient with paradoxical worsening of jaundice caused by cefuroxime-induced cholestasis following therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for a distal common bile duct stone. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old, previously healthy Sri Lankan man presented to our hospital with obstructive jaundice caused by a distal common bile duct stone. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with stone extraction, common bile duct clearance, and stenting failed to improve the cholestasis, with paradoxical worsening of his jaundice...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965165/suspected-cases-of-cholangiocarcinoma-seen-in-reference-hospitals-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#15
Phonepasong Ayé Soukhathammavong, Youthanavanh Vonghachack, Christoph Hatz, Kongsap Akkhavong, Peter Odermatt
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) poses a significant public health problem in Southeast Asia, with chronic Opisthorchis viverrini infection being the main risk factor. Epidemiological data on CCA is not available for Lao People Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), though there is a high prevalence of O. viverrini infection in the country. A hospital record-based retrospective study was carried out in six referral hospitals (four in the capital city, one in Savannakhet, one in Pakse) to assess the number of suspected CCA cases admitted between January 2006 and December 2010...
December 11, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931575/bile-duct-anastomosis-supplied-with-biodegradable-stent-in-liver-transplantation-the-initial-experience
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L Janousek, S Maly, M Oliverius, M Kocik, M Kucera, J Fronek
BACKGROUND: The most common biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation are bile leaks, anastomotic and intrahepatic strictures, stones, and ampullary dysfunction. These complications can occur in up to 10% to 30% of liver transplant recipients. Leaks occur early in the posttransplant period; the stricture formation typically graduates over time. METHODS: Ten patients underwent transplantation in our preliminary study: 5 were randomized to the group with stent placement and 5 to the control group...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905307/oriental-cholangiohepatitis-recurrent-pyogenic-cholangitis-a-case-series-from-the-netherlands-and-brief-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
K E Verweij, H van Buuren
Oriental cholangiohepatitis is a condition occurring in the Asian population, characterised by recurrent bacterial cholangitis and presence of calculi within the intrahepatic bile ducts, biliary strictures and an increased risk for cholangiocarcinoma. It is an uncommon disease in the West that may not always be considered. The therapeutic approach is multidisciplinary and highly individual, and includes antibiotic therapy, endoscopic and percutaneous biliary drainage with stone removal and dilation of strictures, and in selected cases surgical resection of affected liver segments...
November 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847796/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-clinically-significant-retained-common-bile-duct-stones-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-symptomatic-cholelithiasis
#18
Doo-Ho Lee, Young Joon Ahn, Hae Won Lee, Jung Kee Chung, In Mok Jung
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence and clinical features of retained symptomatic common bile duct (CBD) stone detected after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients without preoperative evidence of CBD or intrahepatic duct stones. METHODS: Of 2,111 patients who underwent cholecystectomy between September 2007 and December 2014 at Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, 1,467 underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallbladder stones and their medical records were analyzed...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824421/-elevated-liver-enzymes
#19
REVIEW
Axel Holstege
Elevated liver enzymes are a frequent finding in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients necessitating further evaluation to clarify the underlying disease. Three different patterns of increased liver enzymes can be defined to allow for a more precise and rational further diagnostic approach. A predominant increase in transaminase activities reflects a disturbance of hepatocellular integrity which can be found in patients with viral hepatitis, genetic liver diseases like Wilson`s disease or hemochromatosis, and drug-induced liver diseases...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787374/surgical-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-major-hepatectomy-for-various-liver-diseases
#20
Sung-Hwa Kang, Ki-Hun Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Young-In Yoon, Wan-Jun Kim, Dong-Hwan Jung, Gil-Chun Park, Tae-Yong Ha, Sung-Gyu Lee
The aim of the study was to report surgical outcomes (efficacy and safety) of laparoscopic major hepatectomy for various liver diseases.Although the number of laparoscopic liver resections has increased, expansion of laparoscopic major hepatic resection remains limited, mainly owing to the technical difficulties for the procedure as compared to open surgery. We describe our experiences with laparoscopic major hepatectomy for various liver diseases.We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 192 patients who underwent laparoscopic major hepatectomy between October 2007 and March 2015 at Asan Medical Center, Korea...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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