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Self Efficacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538983/assocation-of-a-surgical-task-during-training-with-team-skill-acquisition-among-surgical-residents-the-missing-piece-in-multidisciplinary-team-training
#1
Jessica L Sparks, Dustin L Crouch, Kathryn Sobba, Douglas Evans, Jing Zhang, James E Johnson, Ian Saunders, John Thomas, Sarah Bodin, Ashley Tonidandel, Jeff Carter, Carl Westcott, R Shayn Martin, Amy Hildreth
Importance: The human patient simulators that are currently used in multidisciplinary operating room team training scenarios cannot simulate surgical tasks because they lack a realistic surgical anatomy. Thus, they eliminate the surgeon's primary task in the operating room. The surgical trainee is presented with a significant barrier when he or she attempts to suspend disbelief and engage in the scenario. Objective: To develop and test a simulation-based operating room team training strategy that challenges the communication abilities and teamwork competencies of surgeons while they are engaged in realistic operative maneuvers...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537957/testing-the-implementation-of-a-pain-self-management-support-intervention-for-oncology-patients-in-clinical-practice-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-antipain
#2
Antje Koller, Jan Gaertner, Sabina De Geest, Monika Hasemann, Gerhild Becker
BACKGROUND: In oncology, pain control is a persistent problem. Significant barriers to cancer pain management are patient related. Pain self-management support interventions have shown to reduce pain intensity and patient-related barriers. Comparative effectiveness research is a suitable approach to test whether effects are sustained in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: In this pilot randomized controlled trial, the implementation of the ANtiPain intervention into clinical practice was tested to assess the effects on pain intensity, function-related outcomes, self-efficacy, and patient-related barriers to pain management to prepare a larger effectiveness trial...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535397/quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-hiv-aids-who-present-poor-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-salvador-brazil
#3
Mónica Narváez Betancur, Liliane Lins, Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Carlos Brites
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy marked a major gain in efficacy of HIV/AIDS treatment and a reduction in morbidity and mortality of the infected patients. However, high levels of adherence are required to obtain virologic suppression. In Brazil, the policy of free and universal access to antiretroviral therapy has been in place since 1996, although there are reports of poor adherence. OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical, demographic and psychological characteristics, and quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS who present poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535108/the-effects-of-occupational-stress-work-centrality-self-efficacy-and-job-satisfaction-on-intent-to-quit-among-long-term-care-workers-in-korea
#5
Jeongkyu Park, Seokwon Yoon, Sung Seek Moon, Kyoung Hag Lee, Jueun Park
A large and growing elderly Koreans with chronic conditions necessitates an increase in long-term care. This study is aimed at investigating the effects of occupational stress, work-centrality, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction on intent to leave among long-term care workers in Korea. We tested hypothesized structural equation model predicting the intention to quit among long-term care workers in Korea. Survey data were collected from 532 long-term care workers in Seoul, Korea. Results showed that occupational stress was positively associated with intention to leave the job...
May 23, 2017: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533615/effects-of-taekwondo-intervention-on-cognitive-function-and-academic-self-efficacy-in-children
#6
Su Youn Cho, Young Il Kim, Hee Tae Roh
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of taekwondo training on cognitive function and academic self-efficacy in children. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-five children participated in the study. Seventeen children were randomly selected to undergo taekwondo training for 16 weeks (5 times per week). As controls, 18 children received no training. Cognitive function and academic self-efficacy were measured using the Stroop Color and Word Test (Word, Color, and Color-Word) and academic self-efficacy scale (Self-confidence, Self-regulatory Efficacy, and Task Difficulty Preference), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533380/ccr8-foxp3-treg-cells-as-master-drivers-of-immune-regulation
#7
Yiftah Barsheshet, Gizi Wildbaum, Eran Levy, Alon Vitenshtein, Chika Akinseye, Jeremy Griggs, Sergio A Lira, Nathan Karin
The current study identifies CCR8(+) regulatory T cells (Treg cells) as drivers of immunosuppression. We show that in human peripheral blood cells, more than 30% of Treg up-regulate CCR8 following activation in the presence of CCL1. This interaction induces STAT3-dependent up-regulation of FOXp3, CD39, IL-10, and granzyme B, resulting in enhanced suppressive activity of these cells. Of the four human CCR8 ligands, CCL1 is unique in potentiating Treg cells. The relevance of these observations has been extended using an experimental model of multiple sclerosis [experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, (EAE)] and a stabilized version of mouse CCL1 (CCL1-Ig)...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533360/female-peer-mentors-early-in-college-increase-women-s-positive-academic-experiences-and-retention-in-engineering
#8
Tara C Dennehy, Nilanjana Dasgupta
Scientific and engineering innovation is vital for American competitiveness, quality of life, and national security. However, too few American students, especially women, pursue these fields. Although this problem has attracted enormous attention, rigorously tested interventions outside artificial laboratory settings are quite rare. To address this gap, we conducted a longitudinal field experiment investigating the effect of peer mentoring on women's experiences and retention in engineering during college transition, assessing its impact for 1 y while mentoring was active, and an additional 1 y after mentoring had ended...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532895/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-oral-health-in-adolescents
#9
Lingli Wu, Xiaoli Gao, Edward C M Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532889/effect-of-self-myofascial-release-on-myofascial-pain-muscle-flexibility-and-strength-a-narrative-review
#10
Leonid Kalichman, Chen Ben David
BACKGROUND: Numerous techniques have been employed to treat myofascial pain syndrome. Self-myofascial release (SMFR) is a relatively new technique of soft tissue mobilization. The simplicity and portability of the SMFR tools allow it to be easily implemented in any type of fitness or rehabilitation program. It is an active method and can be used by anyone at home or at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: To review the current methods of SMFR, their mechanisms, and efficacy in treating myofascial pain, improving muscle flexibility and strength...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532734/a-family-centered-intervention-for-the-transition-to-living-with-multiple-myeloma-as-a-chronic-illness-a-pilot-study
#11
Susan R Mazanec, Sarah Miano, Linda Baer, Erica L Campagnaro, Abdus Sattar, Barbara J Daly
Patients with multiple myeloma and their family caregivers must master self-management tasks related not only to the disease and treatment, but also associated with transitioning to living with chronic illness. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, safety, and fidelity of an intervention that had a psychoeducational approach and included a low-impact, home-based walking activity. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary data of the effect of the intervention, as compared to an attention control group, on anxiety, activation for self-management, fatigue, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532489/longitudinal-relationships-between-self-concept-for-physical-activity-and-neighborhood-social-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-among-older-african-american-adults
#12
Allison M Sweeney, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn
BACKGROUND: Engaging in regular physical activity (PA) as an older adult has been associated with numerous physical and mental health benefits. The aim of this study is to directly compare how individual-level cognitive factors (self-efficacy for PA, self-determined motivation for PA, self-concept for PA) and neighborhood perceptions of the social factors (neighborhood satisfaction, neighborhood social life) impact moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) longitudinally among older African American adults...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532480/medication-adherence-perspectives-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-qualitative-study
#13
Saurav Ghimire, Ronald L Castelino, Matthew D Jose, Syed Tabish R Zaidi
BACKGROUND: End-stage kidney disease patients undergoing haemodialysis are prescribed with multiple complex regimens and are predisposed to high risk of medication nonadherence. The aims of this study were to explore factors associated with medication adherence, and, to examine the differential perspectives on medication-taking behaviour shown by adherent and nonadherent haemodialysis patients. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory design was used. One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 haemodialysis patients at the outpatient dialysis facility in Hobart, Australia...
May 22, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532439/efficacy-cost-utility-and-reach-of-an-ehealth-self-management-application-oncokompas-that-helps-cancer-survivors-to-obtain-optimal-supportive-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Anja van der Hout, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Birgit I Witte, Veerle M H Coupé, Femke Jansen, C René Leemans, Pim Cuijpers, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have to deal with a wide range of physical symptoms, psychological, social and existential concerns, and lifestyle issues related to cancer and its treatment. Therefore, it is essential that they have access to optimal supportive care services. The eHealth self-management application Oncokompas was developed to support cancer survivors with where they need to turn to for advice and guidance, as well as to increase their knowledge on the availability of optimal support...
May 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532339/mediators-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-among-women-with-a-family-history-of-breast-cancer
#15
Catherine R Marinac, Shira I Dunsiger, Bess H Marcus, Rochelle K Rosen, Kim M Gans, Sheri J Hartman
The current study examined mediators of an efficacious physical activity intervention. Women with a mean age of 46.2 (range 23-61) years and a family history of breast cancer were randomized to either an Internet-based physical activity intervention (n = 28) or an active control condition (n = 27) for three months. Data were collected between November 2010 and August 2011. Hypothesized mediators were examined using a product of coefficients model with bootstrapped standard errors. Significant mediation was observed for both self-efficacy and behavioral processes...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532298/ctbp-an-emerging-oncogene-and-novel-small-molecule-drug-target-advances-in-the-understanding-of-its-oncogenic-action-and-identification-of-therapeutic-inhibitors
#16
M Michael Dcona, Benjamin L Morris, Keith C Ellis, Steven R Grossman
C-terminal Binding Proteins (CtBP) 1 and 2 are oncogenic transcriptional co-regulators overexpressed in many cancer types, with their expression level correlating to worse prognostic outcomes and aggressive tumor features. CtBP negatively regulates the expression of many tumor suppressor genes, while coactivating genes that promote proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and cancer stem cell self-renewal activity. In light of this evidence, the development of novel inhibitors that mitigate CtBP function may provide clinically actionable therapeutic tools...
May 22, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532254/towards-the-recovery-of-a-sense-of-self-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-patients-experience-of-body-oriented-psychotherapy-for-schizophrenia
#17
Laura Galbusera, Lisa Fellin, Thomas Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence supports the efficacy of body-oriented psychotherapy (BPT) for schizophrenia. Yet, so far no research has investigated outcome in relation to therapy process: Why and how BPT is effective. In this study, we qualitatively explore participants' experience of a manualized BPT for schizophrenia to shed light on the process of therapeutic change. METHOD: We conducted in-depth interviews with 6 participants who completed a 10-week BPT group intervention...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531980/self-assembled-nanomicelles-of-damnacanthal-loaded-amphiphilic-modified-chitosan-preparation-characterization-and-cytotoxicity-study
#18
Pakin Sukamporn, Seung Joon Baek, Wandee Gritsanapan, Suwabun Chirachanchai, Thararat Nualsanit, Pleumchitt Rojanapanthu
Damnacanthal (Dam) is a phytochemical with many pharmacological properties including anticancer activity. However, its hydrophobicity, poor bioavailability and stability limit its application in many biological approaches. In this study, Dam nanomicelles as an emerging platform were developed to overcome limitations. The deoxycholic and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether grafted chitosan (DCA-CS-mPEG) was synthesized and characterized by FTIR and (1)H NMR and the degree of substitution (DS) was determined by elemental analysis (EA)...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531873/randomized-control-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-a-computer-based-intolerance-of-uncertainty-intervention
#19
Mary E Oglesby, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is an important transdiagnostic variable within various anxiety and mood disorders. Theory suggests that individuals high in IU interpret ambiguous information in a more threatening manner. A parallel line of research has shown that interpretive biases can be modified through cognitive training and previous research aimed at modifying negative interpretations through Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM-I) has yielded promising results. Despite these findings, no research to date has examined the efficacy of an IU-focused CBM-I paradigm...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531766/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-cessation-fatigue-scale
#20
Amanda R Mathew, Bryan W Heckman, Ellen Meier, Matthew J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation fatigue, or tiredness of attempting to quit smoking, has been posited as a latent construct encompassing loss of motivation, loss of hope in cessation success, decreased self-efficacy, and exhaustion of self-control resources. Despite the potential clinical impact of characterizing cessation fatigue, there is currently no validated measure to assess it. Using a rational scale development approach, we developed a cessation fatigue measure and examined its reliability and construct validity in relation to a) smokers' experience of a recently failed quit attempt (QA) and b) readiness to engage in a subsequent QA...
May 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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