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Self Efficacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340441/type-d-personality-stress-coping-strategies-and-self-efficacy-as-predictors-of-facebook-intrusion
#1
Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiorka, Stanisław Jerzy Czuczwar
Recently, Facebook has become one of the most popular social networking sites. People use it more and more often. A number of studies have recently addressed the issue of excessive Facebook use, showing this phenomenon to be a spreading problem. The main aim of the present study was to examine whether Type D personality, self-efficacy and coping strategies are related to Facebook intrusion. The participants were 882 students of Polish universities, all of them Facebook users (72% women, mean age: 22.25 years, SD =2...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340143/protecting-pain-patients-the-evaluation-of-a-chronic-pain-educational-intervention
#2
Simon Holliday, Chris Hayes, Adrian Dunlop, Simon Morgan, Amanda Tapley, Kim Henderson, Briony Larance, Parker Magin
Introduction. : Advocacy and commercially funded education successfully reduced barriers to the provision of long-term opioid analgesia. The subsequent escalation of opioid prescribing for chronic noncancer pain has seen increasing harms without improved pain outcomes. Methods. : This was a one-group pretest-posttest design study. A multidisciplinary team developed a chronic pain educational package for general practitioner trainees emphasizing limitations, risk-mitigation, and deprescribing of opioids with transition to active self-care...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339996/fathers-perceptions-of-change-following-parenting-intervention-randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema1
#3
Alina Morawska, Amy E Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
 To test whether families' participation in an evidence-based parenting program can improve health-related outcomes reported by fathers of 2- to 10-year-old children with asthma and/or eczema.  A 2 (Triple P-Positive Parenting Program vs. care as usual) by 3 (baseline, postintervention, 6-month follow-up) design was used, with random group assignment. Of 107 families, 51.4% ( N  = 55) had a father participate alongside the child's mother, who was the primary intervention target. Fathers completed questionnaires assessing illness-related child behavior problems; self-efficacy with illness management and illness-related child behavior problems; and health-related quality of life...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339989/pain-management-strategies-and-health-care-use-in-community-dwelling-individuals-living-with-chronic-pain
#4
Elizabeth G Mann, Ana Johnson, Ian Gilron, Elizabeth G VanDenKerkhof
Objective. : To describe factors associated with high clinic and emergency room (ER) use among individuals with chronic pain. Design. : This study is part of a larger cross-sectional survey on the epidemiology of chronic pain in Canada. The current analysis was guided by the Andersen-Newman Service Utilization Model. Methods. : Respondents (N = 702) were grouped into high (top 10%) and low (bottom 90%) users based on the number of visits made to clinics and ERs over the past year...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339782/the-adolescent-hiv-disclosure-cognition-and-affect-scale-preliminary-reliability-and-validity
#6
Michael Evangeli
Globally, there are 2 million HIV-positive 10-19-year-olds. One challenge for this population is sharing their HIV status with others (onward HIV disclosure). There are no multi-item, multidimensional scales of HIV disclosure cognitions and affect for young people living with HIV. An 18-item measure of HIV disclosure cognition and affect was developed, administered to 65 adolescents living with HIV (aged 12-16 years). Data were explored using principal component analysis and preliminary construct and criterion validity assessed...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339576/a-descriptive-report-of-electronic-cigarette-use-after-participation-in-a-community-based-tobacco-cessation-trial
#7
Elana Curry, Julianna M Nemeth, Amy Wermert, Sara Conroy, Abigail Shoben, Amy K Ferketich, Mary Ellen Wewers
Introduction: Smokers are using electronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes, as a cessation aid, despite uncertainty about their efficacy. This report describes the association between use of e-cigarettes before and after cessation treatment and tobacco abstinence at 12 months. It also presents characteristics of e-cigarette users and reasons for use. Methods: A longitudinal observational secondary analysis of self-reported e-cigarette use was conducted among adult Appalachian smokers enrolled in a community-based tobacco dependence treatment trial (n = 217)...
January 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339352/approaching-environmental-sustainability-perceptions-of-self-efficacy-and-changeability
#8
Nicola S Schutte, Navjot Bhullar
This paper describes a model focused on the role of self-efficacy and belief in changeability of behavior in motivating environmentally sustainable behavior. The model was tested in two studies. The first study found that participants who had greater self-efficacy for sustainability behavior and a greater belief in their changeability of sustainability behavior had a higher level of approach motivation toward sustainability behavior and reported more such actual behavior. The second study investigated the effect of brief interventions intended to increase perception of self-efficacy for sustainability-related purchasing and changeability of sustainability-related purchasing...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339324/mobile-but-connected-harnessing-the-power-of-self-efficacy-and-group-support-for-weight-loss-success-through-mhealth-intervention
#9
Heewon Kim, Meara Faw, Andreas Michaelides
Despite the growing popularity of mHealth applications, their usage outcomes have received limited empirical attention. Drawing on server-level user activity data and an online survey (N = 384), this study examines the use of an mHealth application for weight loss to elucidate the ways in which it can help individuals harness the power of self-efficacy and group support to enact behavior change and accomplish their health goals. The results of structural equation modeling based on 6-month user activity data demonstrated that (a) self-efficacy had a positive impact on persistent food logging in an mHealth application; (b) social support received from a mobile group was positively associated with food logging and group participation; and (c) both food logging and group participation predicted weight loss success...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335205/photosensitizer-embedded-polyacrylonitrile-nanofibers-as-antimicrobial-non-woven-textile
#10
Sarah L Stanley, Frank Scholle, Jiadeng Zhu, Yao Lu, Xiangwu Zhang, Xingci Situ, Reza A Ghiladi
Toward the objective of developing platform technologies for anti-infective materials based upon photodynamic inactivation, we employed electrospinning to prepare a non-woven textile comprised of polyacrylonitrile nanofibers embedded with a porphyrin-based cationic photosensitizer; termed PAN-Por((+)). Photosensitizer loading was determined to be 34.8 nmol/mg material; with thermostability to 300 °C. Antibacterial efficacy was evaluated against four bacteria belonging to the ESKAPE family of pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus; vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium; Acinetobacter baumannii; and Klebsiella pneumonia), as well as Escherichia coli...
April 20, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335197/cationic-nanoparticles-assembled-from-natural-based-steroid-lipid-for-improved-intracellular-transport-of-sirna-and-pdna
#11
Ruilong Sheng, Xiaoqing Zhuang, Zhao Wang, Amin Cao, Kaili Lin, Julian X X Zhu
Developing new functional biomaterials from biocompatible natural-based resources for gene/drug delivery has attracted increasing attention in recent years. In this work, we prepared a series of cationic nanoparticles (Diosarg-DOPE NPs) by assembly of a natural steroid diosgenin-based cationic lipid (Diosarg) with commercially-available helper lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorethanolamine (DOPE). These cationic Diosarg-DOPE NPs were able to efficiently bind siRNA and plasmid DNA (pDNA) via electrostatic interactions to form stable, nano-sized cationic lipid nanoparticles instead of lamellar vesicles in aqueous solution...
April 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334997/self-efficacy-and-comfort-with-partner-assisted-skin-examination-in-patients-receiving-follow-up-care-for-melanoma
#12
J DiMillo, D C Brosseau, C Gomez-Garibello, N C Hall, H Ezer, B Wang, A Körner
The objective of this study was to examine the role of interpersonal variables on melanoma survivors' self-efficacy for performing skin self-examinations (SSEs) during melanoma follow-up care. Specifically, the impact of comfort with partner assistance for SSE, SSE support received from one's partner, general partner support, relationship satisfaction, as well as partner attendance at a SSE education session, were examined. One hundred and thirty-seven patients with melanoma between the ages of 18 and 70 years, who also reported being involved in a romantic relationship, received a standardized education on SSE, and completed self-report questionnaires...
March 2, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334769/using-affective-judgement-to-increase-physical-activity-in-british-adults
#13
Alice S Forster, Penny Buykx, Neil Martin, Susannah Sadler, Ben Southgate, Lauren Rockliffe, Ian Walker
Mobile phone apps have been shown to increase physical activity (PA), but existing apps fail to target the emotional aspects of PA, which influence whether individuals are active. We developed an app that encourages individuals to focus on the emotional aspects of PA. We aimed to assess the acceptability of this app, and conduct a preliminary evaluation of efficacy. The app was developed in collaboration with users through focus groups. Seven users tested the app over 4 months and provided feedback on acceptability, aesthetics and functionality in a follow-up focus group...
February 27, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334392/validation-of-the-nih-toolbox-in-individuals-with-neurologic-disorders
#14
N E Carlozzi, S Goodnight, K B Casaletto, A Goldsmith, R K Heaton, A W K Wong, C M Baum, R Gershon, A W Heinemann, D S Tulsky
Objective: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), traumatic brain injury (TBI), and stroke experience a variety of neurologically related deficits across multiple domains of function. The NIH Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIHTB) examines motor, sensation, cognition, and emotional functioning. The purpose of this paper is to establish the validity of the NIHTB in individuals with neurologic conditions. Methods: Community-dwelling individuals with SCI (n = 209), TBI (n = 184), or stroke (n = 211) completed the NIHTB...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333925/video-based-educational-intervention-associated-with-improved-stroke-literacy-self-efficacy-and-patient-satisfaction
#15
Mary Carter Denny, Farhaan Vahidy, Kim Y T Vu, Anjail Z Sharrief, Sean I Savitz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interventions are needed to improve stroke literacy among recent stroke survivors. We developed an educational video for patients hospitalized with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A 5-minute stroke education video was shown to our AIS and ICH patients admitted from March to June 2015. Demographics and a 5-minute protocol Montreal Cognitive Assessment were also collected. Questions related to stroke knowledge, self-efficacy, and patient satisfaction were answered before, immediately after, and 30 days after the video...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333613/collaborative-management-of-neurocognitive-disorders-in-primary-care-explorations-of-an-attempt-at-culture-change
#16
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy
INTRODUCTION: Minor neurocognitive disorder (MiND; previously mild cognitive impairment) is a transitional zone between normal cognitive function and early stages of major neurocognitive disorder (previously called dementia). Of people with MiND, 5% to 10% progress to major neurocognitive disorder. Simple interventions such as memory activities, balance exercises, and anti-inflammatory diets have been shown to improve cognitive ability. Also, education and support in group settings have proved beneficial for patients with MiND...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333531/randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema-effects-on-parenting-and-child-behavior
#17
Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Parents play an important role in children's illness management, in promoting child adjustment and reducing behavior problems. Little research has focused on the evaluation of parenting interventions in the context of childhood chronic illness. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a brief, group parenting intervention (Healthy Living Triple P) in improving parenting skills and parent adjustment, and reducing child behavioral and emotional difficulties in the context of childhood asthma and eczema...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333495/variables-associated-with-achievement-in-higher-education-a-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses
#18
Michael Schneider, Franzis Preckel
The last 2 decades witnessed a surge in empirical studies on the variables associated with achievement in higher education. A number of meta-analyses synthesized these findings. In our systematic literature review, we included 38 meta-analyses investigating 105 correlates of achievement, based on 3,330 effect sizes from almost 2 million students. We provide a list of the 105 variables, ordered by the effect size, and summary statistics for central research topics. The results highlight the close relation between social interaction in courses and achievement...
March 23, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333131/characterization-of-thin-film-materials-using-scan-meta-gga-an-accurate-nonempirical-density-functional
#19
I G Buda, C Lane, B Barbiellini, A Ruzsinszky, J Sun, A Bansil
We discuss self-consistently obtained ground-state electronic properties of monolayers of graphene and a number of 'beyond graphene' compounds, including films of transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), using the recently proposed strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) meta-generalized gradient approximation (meta-GGA) to the density functional theory. The SCAN meta-GGA results are compared with those based on the local density approximation (LDA) as well as the generalized gradient approximation (GGA)...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332948/self-efficacy-as-a-mediator-in-bottom-up-dissemination-of-a-research-supported-intervention-for-young-traumatized-children-and-their-families
#20
Paula David, Miriam Schiff
Implementation literature has under-reported bottom-up dissemination attempts of research-supported interventions (RSI). This study examined factors associated with individual clinicians' implementation of Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), including CPP social network (SN), supervision, and self-efficacy. Seventy-seven (90%) CPP graduates completed a cross-sectional survey, including measures regarding social network, receiving supervision, and CPP self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly associated with CPP implementation; CPP SN and supervision were not...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
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