keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Driver behavior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926804/name-that-tune-mitigation-of-driver-fatigue-via-a-song-naming-game
#1
Michael C Trumbo, Aaron P Jones, Charles S H Robinson, Kerstan Cole, James D Morrow
Fatigued driving contributes to a substantial number of motor vehicle accidents each year. Music listening is often employed as a countermeasure during driving in order to mitigate the effects of fatigue. Though music listening has been established as a distractor in the sense that it increases cognitive load during driving, it is possible that increased cognitive load is desirable under particular circumstances. For instance, during situations that typically result in cognitive underload, such as driving in a low-traffic monotonous stretch of highway, it may be beneficial for cognitive load to increase, thereby necessitating allocation of greater cognitive resources to the task of driving and attenuating fatigue...
September 16, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926403/pathways-from-sexual-stigma-to-incident-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-nigerian-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Rebecca G Nowak, Rashelle Musci, Danielle German, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Blessing Kayode, Hongjie Liu, Oye Gureje, Trevor A Crowell, Stefan Baral, Man Charurat
OBJECTIVES: Sexual stigma affecting men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria may be an important driver of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but potential mechanisms through which this occurs are not well understood. This study assessed the contributions of suicidal ideation and sexual risk behaviors to causal pathways between stigma and HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Data were collected from the TRUST/RV368 Study, a prospective cohort of 1,480 MSM from Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923840/apoptotic-bodies-elicit-gas6-mediated-migration-of-axl-expressing-tumor-cells
#3
Annelien Jm Zweemer, Cory B French, Joshua Mesfin, Simon Gordonov, Aaron S Meyer, Douglas A Lauffenburger
Metastases are a major cause of cancer mortality. AXL, a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) aberrantly expressed in many tumors, is a potent oncogenic driver of metastatic cell motility and has been identified as broadly relevant in cancer drug resistance. Despite its frequent association with changes in cancer phenotypes, the precise mechanism leading to AXL activation is incompletely understood. In addition to its ligand growth arrest specific-6 (Gas6), activation of AXL requires the lipid moiety phosphatidylserine (PS)...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911878/comparison-of-proposed-countermeasures-for-dilemma-zone-at-signalized-intersections-based-on-cellular-automata-simulations
#4
Yina Wu, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Yaoxian Ding, Bin Jia, Qi Shi, Xuedong Yan
The Type II dilemma zone describes the road segment to a signalized intersection where drivers have difficulties to decide either stop or go at the onset of yellow signal. Such phenomenon can result in an increased crash risk at signalized intersections. Different types of warning systems have been proposed to help drivers make decisions. Although the warning systems help to improve drivers' behavior, they also have several disadvantages such as increasing rear-end crashes or red-light running (RLR) violations...
September 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904779/discriminating-patterns-and-drivers-of-multiscale-movement-in-herpetofauna-the-dynamic-and-changing-environment-of-the-mojave-desert-tortoise
#5
Giancarlo Sadoti, Miranda E Gray, Matthew L Farnsworth, Brett G Dickson
Changes to animal movement in response to human-induced changes to the environment are of growing concern in conservation. Most research on this problem has focused on terrestrial endotherms, but changes to herpetofaunal movement are also of concern given their limited dispersal abilities and specialized thermophysiological requirements. Animals in the desert region of the southwestern United States are faced with environmental alterations driven by development (e.g., solar energy facilities) and climate change...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904288/alpha-pvp-induces-the-rewarding-effect-via-activating-dopaminergic-neuron
#6
Kyoko Hataoka, Asuka Kaizaki-Mitsumoto, Satoshi Numazawa
A synthetic cathinone, 1-phenyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-pentanone (α-PVP), was occasionally found in the "bath salt" type of designer drugs, as an active ingredient. It has been reported that drivers who consumed α-PVP were in an excited state and incapable of controlling their behavior, causing traffic accidents. Despite its acute excitatory effects, there is no information on the psychological dependency elicited by α-PVP use. The purpose of the present study was to clarify whether the reward pathway is activated with repeated doses of α-PVP in experimental animals...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902526/driving-performance-after-self-regulated-control-transitions-in-highly-automated-vehicles
#7
Alexander Eriksson, Neville A Stanton
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore whether driver-paced, noncritical transitions of control may counteract some of the aftereffects observed in the contemporary literature, resulting in higher levels of vehicle control. BACKGROUND: Research into control transitions in highly automated driving has focused on urgent scenarios where drivers are given a relatively short time span to respond to a request to resume manual control, resulting in seemingly scrambled control when manual control is resumed...
September 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898116/adaptive-response-criteria-in-road-hazard-detection-among-older-drivers
#8
Jing Feng, HeeSun Choi, Fergus I M Craik, Brian Levine, Sylvain Moreno, Gary Naglie, Motao Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The majority of existing investigations on attention, aging, and driving have focused on the negative impacts of age-related declines in attention on hazard detection and driver performance. However, driving skills and behavioral compensation may accommodate the negative effects that age-related attentional decline places on driving performance. In this study, we examined an important question that had been largely neglected in the literature linking attention, aging, and driving: can top-down factors such as behavioral compensation, specifically adaptive response criteria, accommodate the negative impacts from age-related attention declines on hazard detection during driving? METHODS: In the experiment, we used the Drive Aware Task, a task combining the driving context with well-controlled laboratory procedures measuring attention...
September 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892659/a-new-insight-on-the-risky-behavior-of-motorists-at-railway-level-crossings-an-observational-field-study
#9
Ci Liang, Mohamed Ghazel, Olivier Cazier, El-Miloudi El-Koursi
Accidents at railway level crossings (LXs) give rise to serious material and human damage. Particularly, collisions between trains and motorized vehicles are the most critical accidents occurring at LXs. It is worth noticing that violations committed by vehicle drivers are the primary cause of such accidents. The present study is a tentative to acquire a better understanding of risky behavior of vehicle drivers while crossing LXs during the closure cycle. Namely, risk analysis based on field measurement conducted at four automated LXs with two half barriers is performed...
September 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890192/workplace-availability-risk-group-and-perceived-barriers-predictive-of-2016-17-influenza-vaccine-uptake-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Paula M Luz, Riley E Johnson, Heidi E Brown
BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza, though mostly self-limited in the healthy adult, may lead to severe disease and/or complications in subpopulations. Annual influenza vaccination is available in many countries with coverage goals rarely being met. We conducted a cross-sectional study of influenza vaccine uptake and explored socio-demographic, economic, and psychological factors that explained vaccine uptake. METHODS: The survey was administered via Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) to United States residents in January 2017, using the Qualtrics platform...
September 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889201/not-accounting-for-interindividual-variability-can-mask-habitat-selection-patterns-a-case-study-on-black-bears
#11
Rémi Lesmerises, Martin-Hugues St-Laurent
Habitat selection studies conducted at the population scale commonly aim to describe general patterns that could improve our understanding of the limiting factors in species-habitat relationships. Researchers often consider interindividual variation in selection patterns to control for its effects and avoid pseudoreplication by using mixed-effect models that include individuals as random factors. Here, we highlight common pitfalls and possible misinterpretations of this strategy by describing habitat selection of 21 black bears Ursus americanus...
September 9, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886167/degradable-transportation-network-with-the-addition-of-electric-vehicles-network-equilibrium-analysis
#12
Rui Zhang, Enjian Yao, Yang Yang
Introducing electric vehicles (EVs) into urban transportation network brings higher requirement on travel time reliability and charging reliability. Specifically, it is believed that travel time reliability is a key factor influencing travelers' route choice. Meanwhile, due to the limited cruising range, EV drivers need to better learn about the required energy for the whole trip to make decisions about whether charging or not and where to charge (i.e., charging reliability). Since EV energy consumption is highly related to travel speed, network uncertainty affects travel time and charging demand estimation significantly...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882275/using-shrp-2-naturalistic-driving-data-to-assess-drivers-speed-choice-while-being-engaged-in-different-secondary-tasks
#13
Tina Schneidereit, Tibor Petzoldt, Andreas Keinath, Josef F Krems
INTRODUCTION: The engagement in secondary tasks while driving has been found to result in considerable impairments of driving performance. Texting has especially been suspected to be associated with an increased crash risk. At the same time, there is evidence that drivers use various self-regulating strategies to compensate for the increased demands caused by secondary task engagement. One of the findings reported from multiple studies is a reduction in driving speed. However, most of these studies are of experimental nature and do not let the drivers decide for themselves to (not) engage in the secondary task, and therefore, eliminate other strategies of self-regulation (e...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882261/factors-contributing-to-commercial-vehicle-rear-end-conflicts-in-china-a-study-using-on-board-event-data-recorders
#14
Giulio Bianchi Piccinini, Johan Engström, Jonas Bärgman, Xuesong Wang
INTRODUCTION: In the last 30years, China has undergone a dramatic increase in vehicle ownership and a resulting escalation in the number of road crashes. Although crash figures are decreasing today, they remain high; it is therefore important to investigate crash causation mechanisms to further improve road safety in China. METHOD: To shed more light on the topic, naturalistic driving data was collected in Shanghai as part of the evaluation of a behavior-based safety service...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881935/species-as-stressors-heterospecific-interactions-and-the-cellular-stress-response-under-global-change
#15
Alex R Gunderson, Emily E King, Kirsten Boyer, Brian Tsukimura, Jonathon H Stillman
Anthropogenic global change is predicted to increase the physiological stress of organisms through changes in abiotic conditions such as temperature, pH, and pollution. However, organisms can also experience physiological stress through interactions with other species, especially parasites, predators, and competitors. The stress of species interactions could be an important driver of species' responses to global change as the composition of biological communities change through factors such as distributional and phenological shifts...
July 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878871/a-behavioral-and-serological-survey-on-hiv-prevalence-among-prisoners-in-benin
#16
S Hessou, V Dougnon, Y Glele-Ahanhanzo, B C A Imorou, C Ahoussinou, B Legba, D M Zannou, L Baba-Moussa
Cases of HIV are common in Benin, with infection rates varying according to socioeconomic and cultural factors, and by region. Certain segments of the population, such as prison inmates, sex worker clients and truck drivers are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to identify which behavioral and serological indicators contribute to the spread of HIV among prisoners. A total of 496 inmates from prisons located in all major cities in Benin were surveyed. Data was collected through interview sessions carried out using a questionnaire and through blood samples...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874017/environmental-drivers-of-seasonal-patterns-of-host-utilization-by-culiseta-melanura-diptera-culicidae-in-florida
#17
Erik M Blosser, Cynthia C Lord, Tanise Stenn, Carolina Acevedo, Hassan K Hassan, Lawrence E Reeves, Thomas R Unnasch, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena
Field studies were carried out in four Florida counties to investigate winter and spring ecology of host use by Culiseta melanura (Coquillet), the primary vector of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV) in North America. Bloodmeal analysis by PCR was used to identify 233 host bloodmeals, which mainly originated from birds (78.5%) and reptiles (17.2%), primarily Anolis spp. lizards. Across counties, the percentage of bloodmeals from reptiles (7-37% depending upon county) increased with increasing day length and temperature in the spring...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873218/associations-between-falls-and-driving-outcomes-in-older-adults-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis
#18
Kenneth A Scott, Eli Rogers, Marian E Betz, Lilian Hoffecker, Guohua Li, Carolyn DiGuiseppi
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between falls and subsequent motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), crash-related injuries, driving performance, and driving behavior. DESIGN: Systematic review and metaanalysis. PARTICIPANTS: Observational studies including drivers aged 55 and older or with a mean age of 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Two authors independently extracted study and participant characteristics, exposures, and outcomes and assessed risk of bias...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867159/new-insights-into-the-nuclear-imaging-phenotypes-of-cluster-1-pheochromocytoma-and-paraganglioma
#19
REVIEW
David Taïeb, Karel Pacak
Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) belong to the family of neural crest cell-derived neoplasms. In up to 70% of cases they are associated with germline and somatic mutations in 15 well-characterized PPGL driver or fusion genes. PPGLs can be grouped into three main clusters, where cluster 1 includes PPGLs characterized by a pseudohypoxic signature. Although cluster 1 tumors share several common features, they exhibit unique behaviors. We present here unique insights into the imaging phenotypes of cluster 1 PPGLs based on glucose uptake, catecholamine metabolism, and somatostatin receptor expression...
August 31, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865928/the-use-of-a-driving-simulator-to-determine-how-time-pressures-impact-driver-aggressiveness
#20
Cole D Fitzpatrick, Siby Samuel, Michael A Knodler
Speeding greatly attributes to traffic safety with approximately a third of fatal crashes in the United States being speeding-related. Previous research has identified being late as a primary cause of speeding. In this driving simulator study, a virtual drive was constructed to evaluate how time pressures, or hurried driving, affected driver speed choice and driver behavior. In particular, acceleration profiles, gap acceptance, willingness to pass, and dilemma zone behavior were used, in addition to speed, as measures to evaluate whether being late increased risky and aggressive driving behaviors...
August 31, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
keyword
keyword
23456
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"