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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694275/the-chief-primary-care-medical-officer-restoring-continuity
#1
Noemi Doohan, Jennifer DeVoe
The year 2016 marked the 20th anniversary of the hospitalist profession, with more than 50,000 physicians identifying as hospitalists. The Achilles heel of hospitalist medicine, however, is discontinuity. Despite many current payment and delivery systems rewarding this discontinuity and severing long-term relationships between patient and primary care teams at the hospital door, primary care does not stop being important when a person is admitted to the hospital. The notion of a broken primary care continuum is not an academic construct, it causes real harm to patients...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692490/the-future-of-digital-games-for-hiv-prevention-and-care
#2
Lisa B Hightow-Weidman, Kathryn E Muessig, José A Bauermeister, Sara LeGrand, Lynn E Fiellin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although there has been a significant increase in mHealth interventions addressing the HIV prevention and care continuum, interventions using game mechanics have been less explored. Digital games are rapidly becoming an important tool for improving health behaviors and supporting the delivery of care and education. The purpose of this review is to provide a historical context for the use of gamification and videogames (including those using virtual reality) used in technology-based HIV interventions and to review new research in the field...
July 7, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679814/a-national-strategy-for-palliative-care
#3
Diane E Meier, Anthony L Back, Amy Berman, Susan D Block, Janet M Corrigan, R Sean Morrison
In 2014 the World Health Organization called for palliative care to be integrated as an essential element of the health care continuum. Yet in 2017 US palliative care services are found largely in hospitals, and hospice care, which is delivered primarily in the home, is limited to people who are dying soon. The majority of Americans with a serious illness are not dying; are living at home, in assisted living facilities, or in nursing homes; and have limited access to palliative care. Most health care providers lack knowledge about and skills in pain and symptom management, communication, and care coordination, and both the public and health professionals are only vaguely aware of the benefits of palliative care and how and when to access it...
July 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669320/social-ecological-factors-associated-with-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jamaica
#4
Carmen H Logie, Kathleen S Kenny, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones, Ava Neil, Tyrone Ellis, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
In Jamaica, where homosexuality is criminalized, scant research has examined associations between sexual stigma and HIV infection. The study objective was to examine correlates of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica. We conducted a cross-sectional tablet-based survey with MSM in Jamaica using chain referral sampling. We assessed socio-demographic, individual, social, and structural factors associated with HIV infection. A logit-link model, fit using backwards-stepwise regression, was used to estimate a final multivariable model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665877/youth-engagement-in-developing-an-implementation-science-research-agenda-on-adolescent-hiv-testing-and-care-linkages-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Julie A Denison, Audrey Pettifor, Lynne M Mofenson, Susan Kasedde, Rebecca Marcus, Katongo J Konayuma, Katlego Koboto, Mmangaliso Luyanda Ngcobo, Nokuthula Ndleleni, Julie Pulerwitz, Deanna Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The importance of youth engagement in designing, implementing and evaluating programs has garnered more attention as international initiatives seek to address the HIV crisis among this population. Adolescents, however, are not often included in HIV implementation science research and have not had opportunities to contribute to the development of HIV-related research agendas. Project Supporting Operational AIDS Research (SOAR), a United States Agency for International Development-funded global operations research project, involved youth living with HIV in a meeting to develop a strategic implementation science research agenda to improve adolescent HIV care continuum outcomes, including HIV testing and counseling (HTC) and linkage to care...
July 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662170/exploring-the-hiv-continuum-of-care-among-young-black-msm
#6
Lisa Hightow-Weidman, Sara LeGrand, Seul Ki Choi, Joseph Egger, Christopher B Hurt, Kathryn E Muessig
BACKGROUND: HIV disproportionately impacts young, black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) who experience disparities across the HIV care continuum. A more nuanced understanding of facilitators and barriers to engagement in care, missed visits, antiretroviral uptake, adherence and viral suppression could improve care and intervention design. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of an online intervention, healthMpowerment, enrolled 465 YBMSM (18-30 years); 193 identified as HIV-positive...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661247/show-us-the-data-the-critical-role-health-information-plays-in-health-system-transformation
#7
Jane Hyatt Thorpe, Elizabeth A Gray, Lara Cartwright-Smith
Truly transforming the healthcare delivery and payment system turns on the ability to engage in the interoperable electronic exchange of patient health information across and beyond the care continuum. Achieving transformation requires a legal framework that supports information sharing with appropriate privacy and security protections and a trusted governance structure.
December 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652839/increasing-patient-safety-with-neonates-via-handoff-communication-during-delivery-a-call-for-interprofessional-health-care-team-training-across-gme-and-cme
#8
Allison A Vanderbilt, Scott M Pappada, Howard Stein, David Harper, Thomas J Papadimos
Hospitals have struggled for years regarding the handoff process of communicating patient information from one health care professional to another. Ineffective handoff communication is recognized as a serious patient safety risk within the health care community. It is essential to take communication into consideration when examining the safety of neonates who require immediate medical attention after birth; effective communication is vital for positive patient outcomes, especially with neonates in a delivery room setting...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652131/hiv-testing-and-entry-to-care-among-trans-women-in-indiana
#9
Dana D Hines, Claire Burke Draucker, Barbara Habermann
Trans women in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV infection. To improve HIV services for this population, more information is needed about their experiences in early stages of the HIV Care Continuum. Trans women in states such as Indiana, which has moderate HIV incidence but little public health investment in HIV prevention and treatment, experience special challenges. Our qualitative descriptive study describes the circumstances influencing HIV testing and entry to care by 18 trans women living with HIV in Central Indiana...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648109/a-multi-level-examination-of-the-experiences-of-female-sex-workers-living-with-hiv-along-the-continuum-of-care-in-the-dominican-republic
#10
Rose Zulliger, Caitlin Kennedy, Clare Barrington, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg, Deanna Kerrigan
Female sex workers (FSWs) are disproportionately affected by HIV, but there is limited research on their HIV care experiences. This study explored the experiences of 44 FSWs living with HIV in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic along the HIV care continuum using in-depth interviews and focus groups. Data were analysed through narrative and thematic analysis. Individual-level factors that facilitated engagement in HIV care were physical and mental health. At the interpersonal level, disclosure of HIV or sex work status and receipt of emotional and economic support were important influences on engagement...
June 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647727/patients-as-partners-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-a-qualitative-patient-led-study
#11
Chelsia Gillis, Marlyn Gill, Nancy Marlett, Gail MacKean, Kathy GermAnn, Loreen Gilmour, Gregg Nelson, Tracy Wasylak, Susan Nguyen, Edamil Araujo, Sandra Zelinsky, Leah Gramlich
OBJECTIVES: Explore the experience of patients undergoing colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programme. Use these experiential data to inform the development of a framework to support ongoing, meaningful patient engagement in ERAS. DESIGN: Qualitative patient-led study using focus groups and narrative interviews. Data were analysed iteratively using a Participatory Grounded Theory approach. SETTING: Five tertiary care centres in Alberta, Canada, following the ERAS programme...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639465/an-innovative-approach-to-addressing-the-hiv-care-continuum-implementation-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-resident-in-a-veterans-affairs-hiv-specialty-clinic
#12
Autumn Bagwell, M Shawn McFarland, Todd Hulgan
PURPOSE: Engagement of patients in the HIV care continuum and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) continue to limit successful viral suppression. Innovative practices to improve this continuum and ameliorate potential physician shortages are needed. The objective of this evaluation was to determine the clinical benefits of incorporating pharmacy resident involvement on a multidisciplinary team in caring for patients with HIV. METHODS: A single-center pre-post cohort pilot evaluation was conducted at the Tennessee Valley Healthcare Systems VA Medical Center...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628702/financial-incentives-for-linkage-to-care-and-viral-suppression-among-hiv-positive-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial-hptn-065
#13
Wafaa M El-Sadr, Deborah Donnell, Geetha Beauchamp, H Irene Hall, Lucia V Torian, Barry Zingman, Garret Lum, Michael Kharfen, Richard Elion, Jason Leider, Fred M Gordin, Vanessa Elharrar, David Burns, Allison Zerbe, Theresa Gamble, Bernard Branson
Importance: Achieving linkage to care and viral suppression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients improves their well-being and prevents new infections. Current gaps in the HIV care continuum substantially limit such benefits. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of financial incentives on linkage to care and viral suppression in HIV-positive patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: A large community-based clinical trial that randomized 37 HIV test and 39 HIV care sites in the Bronx, New York, and Washington, DC, to financial incentives or standard of care...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628349/evaluation-of-a-client-centered-linkage-intervention-for-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-hiv-at-an-urban-united-states-lgbt-center-the-linkage-to-care-specialist-project
#14
Jesse Bendetson, Rhodri Dierst-Davies, Risa Flynn, Matthew R Beymer, Amy R Wohl, K Rivet Amico, Robert K Bolan
Linkage to care (LTC) is a key element of the HIV care continuum, and a crucial bridge from testing and diagnosis to receipt of antiretroviral therapies and viral suppression. In 2012, the Los Angeles LGBT Center hired a full-time LTC specialist (LTC-S), who developed a unique client-centered approach to LTC. This single-arm demonstration project was designed to systematically evaluate the LTC-S intervention. Individuals who were newly diagnosed with HIV between March 2014 and September 2015 were eligible for enrollment...
July 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627929/design-of-the-hptn-065-tlc-plus-study-a-study-to-evaluate-the-feasibility-of-an-enhanced-test-link-to-care-plus-treat-approach-for-hiv-prevention-in-the-united-states
#15
Theresa Gamble, Bernard Branson, Deborah Donnell, H Irene Hall, Georgette King, Blayne Cutler, Shannon Hader, David Burns, Jason Leider, Angela Fulwood Wood, Kevin G Volpp, Kate Buchacz, Wafaa M El-Sadr
Background/Aims HIV continues to be a major public health threat in the United States, and mathematical modeling has demonstrated that the universal effective use of antiretroviral therapy among all HIV-positive individuals (i.e. the "test and treat" approach) has the potential to control HIV. However, to accomplish this, all the steps that define the HIV care continuum must be achieved at high levels, including HIV testing and diagnosis, linkage to and retention in clinical care, antiretroviral medication initiation, and adherence to achieve and maintain viral suppression...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622034/the-experiences-of-newly-diagnosed-men-who-have-sex-with-men-entering-the-hiv-care-cascade-in-lima-peru-2015-2016-a-qualitative-analysis-of-counselor-participant-text-message-exchanges
#16
Erik Bayona, Luis Menacho, Eddy R Segura, Gitau Mburu, Fernando Roman, Consuelo Tristan, Elizabeth Bromley, Robinson Cabello
Mobile phone technology (mHealth) is a promising tool that has been used to improve HIV care in high-risk populations worldwide. Understanding patient perspectives of newly diagnosed men who have sex with men (MSM) in Lima, Peru during linkage and engagement in the HIV care continuum can help close the gaps in care following initial HIV diagnosis and ensure retention in continuous care. From June 2015 to March 2016, as part of a randomized controlled trial, 40 MSM participants were linked to care with an mHealth intervention within 3 months of HIV diagnosis at Via Libre clinic...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604445/development-of-an-hiv-testing-dashboard-to-complement-the-hiv-care-continuum-among-msm-pwid-and-heterosexuals-in-washington-dc-2007-2015
#17
Rudy Patrick, Alan Greenberg, Manya Magnus, Jenevieve Opoku, Michael Kharfen, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: We developed an HIV testing dashboard to complement the HIV care continuum in selected high-risk populations. Using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) data, we examined trends in HIV testing and care for men who have sex with men (MSM), persons who inject drugs (PWID), and heterosexuals at elevated risk (HET). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, 4792 participants ≥18 years old completed a behavioral survey and were offered HIV testing. For the testing dashboard, proportions ever tested, tested in the past year, testing HIV-positive, and newly testing positive were calculated...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598886/maintaining-the-critical-care-continuum-in-resuscitation
#18
Daniel Grabo, Aaron Strumwasser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598790/croi-2017-advances-in-antiretroviral-therapy
#19
Joyce Jones, Barbara S Taylor, Hong-Van Tieu, Timothy J Wilkin
The 2017 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) featured exciting preclinical data on investigational antiretroviral agents with good in vitro efficacy and long half-lives. Investigational medications, including bictegravir, demonstrated excellent efficacy and tolerability, as did dual-agent therapy with dolutegravir paired with rilpivirine or with lamivudine. Dolutegravir monotherapy proved inadvisable due to virologic failure and resistance. The gap between high- and low-income settings along the HIV care continuum is narrowing, with Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Zambia approaching the 90-90-90 targets established by the joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), whereas communities in the Southern United States are falling behind...
May 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597342/enhancing-adherence-to-care-in-the-hiv-care-continuum-the-barrier-elimination-and-care-navigation-beacon-project-evaluation
#20
Enbal Shacham, Julia D López, Tawyna M Brown, Kristen Tippit, Ann Ritz
Interventions are needed to address each phase of the HIV care continuum in order to improve health outcomes and reduce likelihood of HIV transmission. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a community- and clinic-based intervention designed and implemented to reengage individuals who were lost to HIV care. Eligible participants had either never engaged in HIV care or had not had a medical visit for at least 12 months. Participants enrolled in a community- and clinic-based intervention that included intensive case management, access to a community nurse and peer navigator, as well as emergency stabilization funds...
June 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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