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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079794/interventional-pulmonology-for-patients-with-central-airway-obstruction-an-8-year-institutional-experience
#1
Chia-Hung Chen, Biing-Ru Wu, Wen-Chien Cheng, Chih-Yu Chen, Wei-Chun Chen, Te-Chun Hsia, Wei-Chih Liao, Chih-Yen Tu, Wu-Huei Hsu
Patients with central airway obstruction (CAO) may need endobronchial intervention to relieve their symptoms. This report is on a single-center experience of using interventional bronchoscopy in terms of complications and survival. This retrospective study was conducted in a university hospital and involved 614 patients (464 men, 150 women; mean age, 60.2 years) with benign (n = 133) and malignant (n = 481) tracheobronchial disease who received 756 endobronchial intervention procedure during the period 2008 to 2015...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074327/when-should-negative-endobronchial-ultrasonography-findings-be-confirmed-by-a-more-invasive-procedure
#2
Basil S Nasir, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Moishe Liberman
The treatment of non-small cell lung cancer is largely dependent on accurate staging in order to determine appropriate therapy. Despite advances in imaging, such as computed tomography and positron emission tomography, invasive mediastinal staging is frequently needed to rule out mediastinal involvement prior to curative-intent stereotactic ablative radiotherapy or surgical resection. Surgical mediastinal staging with mediastinoscopy, or anterior mediastinotomy, were traditionally considered the gold standard for invasive mediastinal staging...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066671/current-advances-of-endobronchial-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-and-staging-of-lung-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Chao-Chi Ho, Ching-Kai Lin, Ching-Yao Yang, Lih-Yu Chang, Shu-Yung Lin, Chong-Jen Yu
The diagnosis and staging of patients with lung cancer has relied on tissue sampling. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a minimally invasive procedure for the rapid and safe acquisition of tissue and can be done easily and repeatedly. EBUS transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is now the standard for diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy and should be considered in patients who have a high probability of lymph node metastases without systemic involvement. EBUS also provides guidance for biopsy of peripheral lung lesions...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066616/techniques-of-endoscopic-airway-tumor-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Nicolas Guibert, Laurent Mhanna, Sylvain Droneau, Gavin Plat, Alain Didier, Julien Mazieres, Christophe Hermant
Interventional bronchoscopy has a predominant role in the management of both early and advanced-stage airway tumors. Given the very poor prognosis of lung cancer, there is a need for new tools to improve early detection and bronchoscopic treatment of endo-bronchial precancerous lesions. In more advanced stages, interventional bronchoscopy plays an important role, as nearly a third of lung cancers lead to proximal airway obstruction. This will cause great discomfort or even life-threatening symptoms related to local extension, such as dyspnea, post-obstructive pneumonia, and hemoptysis...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066614/the-role-of-bronchoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-early-lung-cancer-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Marco Andolfi, Rossella Potenza, Rosanna Capozzi, Valeria Liparulo, Francesco Puma, Kazuhiro Yasufuku
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide with an overall 5-year survival rate of 17% after diagnoses. Indeed many patients tend to have a very poor prognosis, due to being diagnosed at an advanced stage. Conversely patients who are diagnosed at an early stage have a 5-year survival >70%, indicating that early detection of lung cancer is crucial to improve survival. Although flexible bronchoscopy is a relatively non-invasive procedure for patients suspected of having lung cancer, only 29% of carcinoma in situ (CIS) and 69% of microinvasive tumors were detectable using white light bronchoscopy (WLB) alone...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066590/comparison-of-radial-endobronchial-ultrasound-with-a-guide-sheath-and-with-distance-by-thin-bronchoscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-peripheral-pulmonary-lesions-a-prospective-randomized-crossover-trial
#6
Su-Juan Zhang, Ming Zhang, Jun Zhou, Qiu-Di Zhang, Qian-Qian Xu, Xiong Xu
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using radial endobronchial ultrasound with a guide sheath (REBUS-GS) has improved the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). Because of the high cost of the GS, REBUS with distance (REBUS-D) has certain advantages. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield of the REBUS-GS and REBUS-D by thin bronchoscopy for PPLs. METHODS: Patients with PPLs were enrolled in a prospective randomized crossover study from August 2014 and July 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062440/role-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-scan-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-intrapulmonary-bronchogenic-cyst-misdiagnosed-by-low-dose-ct-scan-of-the-chest-as-lung-mass
#7
Ahmed Abdalla, Elfateh Seedahmed, Piyush Patel, Ghassan Bachuwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062125/propensity-of-pneumococcal-carriage-serotypes-to-infect-the-lower-airways-of-children-with-chronic-endobronchial-infections
#8
Kim M Hare, Heidi C Smith-Vaughan, Anne B Chang, Susan Pizzutto, Helen L Petsky, Gabrielle B McCallum, Amanda J Leach
BACKGROUND: Chronic endobronchial infections in children are responsible for a high disease burden. Streptococcus pneumoniae is frequently isolated; however, few publications have described serotypes associated with non-invasive lower airway infection. METHODS: Paired nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids were collected from children undergoing bronchoscopy for chronic cough. NP swabs were also collected from asymptomatic children in otitis media surveillance studies (controls)...
January 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054531/diagnostic-value-of-core-biopsy-histology-and-cytology-sampling-of-mediastinal-lymph-nodes-using-21-gauge-ebus-tbna-needle
#9
Preyas J Vaidya, Avinandan Saha, Arvind H Kate, Kamlesh Pandey, Vinod B Chavhan, Joerg D Leuppi, Prashant N Chhajed
INTRODUCTION: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the initial modality of choice in sampling mediastinal lymphadenopathy. It is possible to obtain both cytological and histological samples using both 21-gauge and 22-gauge EBUS-TBNA needles. The current study was undertaken to compare the diagnostic yield of cytology and histology samples obtained by the same EBUS-TBNA 21-gauge needle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty-six consecutive patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA with a 21-gauge EBUS-TBNA needle over a period of 3 years were included in this retrospective analysis...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052172/role-of-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-conventional-and-ebus-guided-in-the-diagnosis-of-histoplasmosis-in-patients-presenting-with-mediastinal-lymphadenopathy
#10
Amik Sodhi, Rodjawan Supakul, George W Williams, Elizabeth A Tolley, Arthur S Headley, Luis C Murillo, Dipen Kadaria
OBJECTIVES: The superior performance of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis and staging of malignancy has been demonstrated, with some investigators suggesting the same for sarcoidosis. The role of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis of histoplasmosis is not clear, however. In this study we estimate the diagnostic yield of conventional TBNA (cTBNA) and EBUS-TBNA for the diagnosis of histoplasmosis in patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051017/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-increases-the-yield-of-transbronchial-lung-biopsy-for-the-evaluation-of-peribronchial-lesions
#11
Cheng Chen, Chuan-Yong Mu, Mei-Qin Su, Jing-Yu Mao, Ye-Han Zhu, Jian-An Huang
BACKGROUND: Due to absence of visible endobronchial target, the diagnostic yield of flexible bronchoscopy for peribronchial lesions has been unsatisfactory. Convex probe endobronchial ultrasound (CP-EBUS) has allowed for performing real-time transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) of enlarged hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes and therefore could also be used as a means of diagnosing proximal peribronchial lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the results related to 72 patients who underwent CP-EBUS for peribronchial lesions without endobronchial involvement and adjacent to three-grade bronchi based on chest computed tomography (CT) scan...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047304/tu-d-201-06-hdr-plan-prechecks-using-eclipse-scripting-api
#12
G Palaniswaamy, A Morrow, S Kim, D Rangaraj
PURPOSE: Automate brachytherapy treatment plan quality check using Eclipse v13.6 scripting API based on pre-configured rules to minimize human error and maximize efficiency. METHODS: The HDR Precheck system is developed based on a rules-driven approach using Eclipse scripting API. This system checks for critical plan parameters like channel length, first source position, source step size and channel mapping. The planned treatment time is verified independently based on analytical methods...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045734/prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-pet-ct-uptake-in-lymph-nodes-with-active-sarcoidosis
#13
André Henrique Dias, Mikkel Holm Vendelbo, Kirsten Bouchelouche
We describe 2 cases of Ga-PSMA PET/CT in prostate cancer patients. Both cases demonstrated symmetrical bilateral involvement of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes besides findings in relation with prostatic disease. In both cases, endobronchial ultrasound-guided biopsy showed that the involvement of the thoracic lymph nodes was caused by nonnecrotic granulomas compatible with sarcoidosis. The cases demonstrated that increased Ga-PSMA uptake can be seen in lymph nodes with active sarcoidosis, with images mimicking those well known from FDG PET/CT...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043730/web-like-endobronchial-membranous-stenosis-a-rare-complication-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#14
Miguel Angel Ariza-Prota, Manuel Vaquero-Cacho, Antonio Bango Álvarez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043486/tuberculosis-in-children
#15
Ali Akbar Velayati
Tuberculosis (TB) is the main cause of infection-related death in the world. Children make up ∼5-15% of all TB cases. Severe forms of disease such as meningitis and disseminated form are more common in children. Due to current estimates of World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015, one million children suffer from TB around the world; of these, it is estimated that more than 136,000 die a year. One study estimated 67million children with latent TB which develops to active form with the rate of ∼850,000 each year...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035876/localization-of-peripheral-pulmonary-lesions-using-navigational-bronchoscopy-and-radial-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-confirmation
#16
Abhishek Biswas, Peruvemba S Sriram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031854/endobronchial-pleomorphic-adenoma
#17
Syed Rizwan Ali, Andrea Valeria Arrossi, Atul C Mehta, Laura Frye, Peter Mazzone, Francisco Almeida
Pleomorphic adenomas are the most common tumors of the salivary glands. Rarely, they occur as benign lesions in the lungs in both the central airways and the lung parenchyma. Herein, we present a case of a 60-year-old smoker who was incidentally found to have an endobronchial mass while undergoing evaluation for a lung nodule. During bronchoscopy, a smooth globular nodule was identified at the main carina and removed using electrocautery snare. Histopathology examination revealed this to be a pleomorphic adenoma...
December 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031841/long-term-outcome-of-nitinol-stenting-to-treat-asphyxia-caused-by-postpneumonectomy-syndrome
#18
Jiro Abe, Toru Hasumi, Ryota Tanaka, Yasuki Saito, Keishi Kanma, Satomi Takahashi
The long-term outcome of nitinol stents introduced into a patient with postpneumonectomy syndrome is described. Postpneumonectomy syndrome is a rare but crucial complication after pneumonectomy characterized by severe dyspnoea and recurrent airway infection caused by compression of the main bronchus. Surgical correction of mediastinal displacement and endobronchial stent placement are two major treatments for this complication; however, endobronchial stenting may be limited to those who are not suitable for operative procedures because long-term management is difficult in terms of controlling airway infections...
January 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031049/clinical-and-radiological-features-driving-patient-selection-for-antiangiogenic-therapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc
#19
Cesare Gridelli, Andrea Camerini, Giovanni Pappagallo, Angelo Pennella, Michele Anzidei, Massimo Bellomi, Roberta Buosi, Rosario Francesco Grasso
BACKGROUND: The use of antiangiogenic therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) requires thorough evaluation of patient characteristics in order to avoid potential safety issues, particularly pulmonary haemorrhage (PH). The aim of this consensus by a panel of experts was to identify important criteria for the selection of patients with NSCLC who would benefit from antiangiogenic therapy. METHODS: Radiologists and oncologists were selected for the expert panel...
December 28, 2016: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029667/outcomes-bronchoscopic-evaluation-in-a-university-hospital
#20
R H Ghimire, N Bhatta, P Koirala, B Bista, D R Misra, B Shah
INTRODUCTION: Study of clinical profile of the patients and diagnostic yield of the selected bronchoscopic procedures gives us important information in clinical decision making and better patient care. There are hardly very few studies regarding these entities. Therefore, we decided to study clinical characteristics and outcomes of the patients who underwent bronchoscopic evaluation in our setting. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study the consecutive patients who underwent bronchoscopy from 1st May 2013- 30th April 2015 in division of pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine...
October 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
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