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Temporomandibular disfunction

R S McCarroll
It is well known that the dental occlusion can influence the activity of the masticatory muscles. However, a simple, reproducable and predictable relationship has not yet been found. Due to variability between different subjects, the use of absolute electromyographic values is unlikely to help dentists with the diagnostics of temporomandibular disfunction and the possible relationship with the occlusion. Possibly however, interest should center on intraindividual change in activity patterns, when we want to learn more about the effects of the dental occlusion in pathological situations...
January 2014: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Alberto Baldini, Alessandro Beraldi, Alessandro Nota, Furio Danelon, Fabiana Ballanti, Salvatore Longoni
AIMS: During competitions and training many professional athletes use to wear occlusal splints to improve their sports performance. However, notwithstanding some studies concluded that achieving a balanced cranial-occlusal system could bring to an improvement of sports performances, the results are still contrasting. Probably the gnathological postural treatment of athletes has greater influence on performance when the individual suffers of Temporomandibular Joint Disfunction (TMJ) or physio-postural pathologies owing to the consequent alteration of the "tonic-postural system"...
April 2012: Annali di Stomatologia
Géza Kiss, Miklós Pácz, Péter Kiss
A practising dentist often meets pains of different location and limited ability of mouth opening, locomotor disorder, the cause of which is difficult to identify and explain. There is a particular group of patients with functional disorder who turn to several doctors with their varied and colorful symptoms. Most of these patients suffer from cranio-mandibular disfunction (CMD). You must not indicate any treatment especially not an invasive one without a diagnosis. While relieving the patient's pains, you have to determine the cause and effect...
September 2011: Fogorvosi Szemle
Sasa Stanković, Mirjana Bosković, Zorica Ajduković, Ljiljana Kesić, Ljiljana Aleksov, Radivoje Radosavljević
INTRODUCTION: Ethiopathogenesis of dysfunction and pain in temporomandibular joints has been the subject of passionate discussions between supporters of purely mechanical conception and the ones who are supporters of psyhosomatic conception. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Relying on neurophysiological data, the authors are trying to reveal the main role of reticular mesencephalical formation in mechanisms which provoke craniomandibular dysfunctions and confront the influence of emotional factors from neocortex and painful stimuli from oral structures...
September 2008: Medicinski Pregled
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1947: New York State Dental Journal
R S Ibragimova
Study of biochemical indices of blood serum in patients with the pain disfunction of temporomandibular joint syndrome was performed. Analysis of biochemical studies of blood serum revealed the essential increase of adenozintriphosphate (ATPh) level on 17.5%, histamin--on 51.7%, stress hormones: adrenalin--on 76.9%, cortizol--on 51.4% in patients with the syndrome of pain disfunction of TMJ in comparison with the control group. Biochemical studies of blood revealed the more marked lowering of the level of histamin, adrenalin, cortizol in blood serum of patients after the treatment of alternative methods than after pharmaco- and physiotherapy...
2007: Stomatologii︠a︡
Esther Mandelbaum G Bianchini, Guiovaldo Paiva, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
BACKGROUND: temporomandibular disorders can cause general alterations of the mandibular movements due to modification in the condition of muscles and articulations. Electrognathography, a computerized exam used to complement the diagnosis of these disorders, allows the objective delineation and record of the mandibular movements, determining their amplitude and speed. AIM: to verify the characteristics of mandibular movements of individuals with temporomandibular dysfunction and in asymptomatic individuals during speech, through computerized electrognathography, analyzing possible interferences of this dysfunction and severity implications regarding pain indexes...
January 2007: Pró-fono: Revista de Atualização Científica
D J Bottini, G Gnoni, M Grimaldi, G Cervelli, V Cervelli
The authors report their experience in the treatment of middle skull base fractures with TMJ involvement of ten patients affected by fractures of the glenoid cavity and of the petrous part of the temporal bone, with TMJ disfunction and facial nerve palsy. The treatment has been based on functional rest, a liquid diet for 5 days and than a functional physiotherapy aimed at rehabilitation of the TMJ. The efficacy of treatment has been showed after 2 months by restoring the dental occlusion and the TMJ's function in nine out of ten cases...
January 2003: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
P Defabianis
To evaluate relationship between consequences of TMJ fractures in children and disturbed facial skeleton growth, 46 children (18 girls, 28 boys), who were 14 years of age or younger and had undergone combined clinical and radiolographic examination for five years were retrospectively analyzed. Imaging studies were performed to investigate symptoms that included, either individually or in various combinations, pain, mechanical TMJ disfunction and facial skeleton abnormalities. The children were divided into two groups: those belonging to the former had been treated by functional orthopedic method alone, while the others had just been treated by physiotherapy...
2001: Functional Orthodontist
P Reher, M Harris
The present paper introduces a new concept in the physiopathology and treatment of the called "temporomandibular disfunction". This paper was divided into two parts, the first explained the definition, etiology and hypothesis of the idiopathic facial pain. In this second part, its treatment, prognosis and recommendations are explained. The treatment consists basically in counselling, and, in a second stage, the use of tricylic antidepressants or similar drugs is used. Occlusal devices are some times used, but have been of less value...
September 1998: Revista do Hospital Das Clínicas
P Rojas Casanova, R Pila Pérez, R Dieguez Tejada, M Pila Peláez
Here we present a case of a female patient 70 years old stricken with diabetes mellitud 40 years of evolution with manifestations of malignant external otitis accompanied by disfunction of the temporomandibular articulation. Here we will show the clinical characteristics and the diagnosis in our patient likewise its treatment. We will expound the most important aspects of the entity at this present time.
May 1993: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
G Lavorgna, A Cortese, A Casella, G L Giuffrè
Surgical arthroscopy is an important option in the treatment of TMJ pain and disfunction. Also sonography of the TMJ is a technique that with recent improvements graphically displays and analyzes joint sounds. A comparison was performed between presurgical data obtained by sonography, clinical findings obtained by surgical arthroscopy, and post surgical control performed by sonography. Precise correlation between these data was found in the case reported.
November 1994: Minerva Stomatologica
A Hüls, E Walter, W Schulte
Clinical utilization of the high resolution, thin-slice CT (slice thickness: 1 mm) makes it possible to systemize the bony structure changes of the joint correlated with disfunctions. Using this technique total evaluations of this complex can be made. In patients suffering from myoarthropathy, the partially typical changes in both the functional anatomy, as well as in form, structure and topography of specific regions of the joint can be viewed objectively. The alteration process of the temporomandibular joint is considered causal in connection with muscular disfunctions, which often lay the foundation for chronic pain conditions in the regions of the face and head...
August 1984: Der Radiologe
R A Moss, J C Garrett
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction syndrome and myofascial pain dysfunction (MPD) syndrome have been primarily viewed as dental problems and have only recently received close attention by psychologists. The literature reviewed in the present paper reveals that a substantial portion of the population is affected by these disorders. There is, however, a great deal of confusion that exists in relation to the aetiology and treatment of these syndromes. In an attempt to clarify the current understanding of these disorders, the present review first presents a discussion of the symptoms which comprise each of these syndromes and the proposed physiological mechanisms associated with each symptom...
January 1984: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
A Arias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1969: ADM; Revista de la Asociación Dental Mexicana
J Kumps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1973: Acta Stomatologica Belgica
G Candy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1973: Bulletin—N. Z. Society of Periodontology
H Schüle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1972: Deutsche Zahnärztliche Zeitschrift
P Vágó
Those factors were built in in the aetiological picture (model) of the mandible joint disfunction which showed direct connection with the clinical and anamnestic data of the disfunction. Factors used for establishing the model: social situation, joint lesions, psychic factors, the general health condition, position anomalies of the teeth and tooth groups, tooth contact troubles, oral parafunctions. In forming the mandible joint disfunction hereditary joint factors and a tendency to oppression may also have a role...
September 1989: Fogorvosi Szemle
P Vágó
The forming of the pathography is explained from several view points by the publications dealing with the aetiology of the mandible joint disfunction. One viewpoint emphasizes the role of teeth factors, another one stresses the significance of the mandible joint disfunction were examined in the course of statistical analyses, causality. For the epidemiologic examination of the mandible joint disfunction a questionary was worked out which was filled in by the examined persons, this followed by a clinical examination in which factors seemingly important concerning the development of the disease were examined...
July 1989: Fogorvosi Szemle
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