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Temporomandibular joint

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514370/-acute-otitis-media-in-a-5-year-old-child-complicated-by-mastoiditis-and-abscess-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#1
M R Bogomil'sky, M M Polunin, Yu L Soldatsky, A V Timofeeva, A A Polyakov, S A Kul'makov
This article was designed to report a case of otogenic abscess of the temporomandibular joint in a 5 year-old child. The specific feature of this observation is a rare complication of acute otitis media (otogenic abscess of the temporomandibular joint). Of crucial importance for the establishment of the correct diagnosis was the timely evaluation of the state of the temporomandibular bones by means of CT examination.
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502566/lateral-skull-base-chondroblastoma-resected-with-facial-nerve-posterior-transposition
#2
J Adnot, O Langlois, E Tollard, M Crahes, I Auquit-Auckbur, J-P Marie
INTRODUCTION: Chondroblastoma is a rare tumor that can involve the temporal bone. Because it is a benign tumor, functional surgery must be proposed. We report a case of a patient with a massive chondroblastoma operated on with preservation of the facial nerve, and description of the surgical technique. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old man presented with a 9-month history of a growing left pre-auricular mass and hearing loss. Neuroimaging showed an osteolytic mass invading the temporal bone and temporomandibular joint...
May 11, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500876/does-adjunctive-botulinum-toxin-a-reduce-pain-scores-when-combined-with-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopy-for-the-treatment-of-concomitant-temporomandibular-joint-arthralgia-and-myofascial-pain
#3
Nick Thomas, Sharon Aronovich
PURPOSE: Currently, there is no standard of care for the treatment of refractory myofascial pain and concomitant temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia. This comparative study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of botulinum toxin A (Btx), as an adjunct to TMJ arthroscopy, in this patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients who underwent TMJ arthroscopy with (Btx group) or without (control group) intramuscular Btx for TMJ arthritis and refractory myofascial pain at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) from 2011 through 2014...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495394/chronic-temporomandibular-joint-pain-two-cases-of-osteoid-osteoma-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
J T Deferm, S C A Steens, D Vriens, E M Bekers, S I Kalaykova, W A Borstlap
Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumour with self-limiting growth potential occurring in any part of the body. Two rare cases of a pathologically proven osteoid osteoma invading the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are reported herein. This article also reviews the cases of osteoid osteoma of the craniofacial complex reported in the English-language literature to date. Although the clinical presentation of osteoid osteoma in the jaw differs from that of osteoid osteoma in the more common locations, the radiographic features are similar...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492455/reevaluating-antidepressant-selection-in-patients-with-bruxism-and-temporomandibular-joint-disorder
#5
Royce Rajan, Ye-Ming Sun
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is a broad pain disorder that refers to several conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint of the jaw and the muscles of mastication. As with most pain disorders, a high prevalence of depression and anxiety is associated with TMD. Research has shown that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the first-line drug therapy for major depressive disorder, may not be suitable for TMD patients because SSRIs can induce teeth-grinding, otherwise known as bruxism...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487216/patient-specific-factors-predicting-outcome-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopy-a-6-year-retrospective-study
#6
Mattias Ulmner, Carina Kruger-Weiner, Bodil Lund
PURPOSE: Although indications for the surgical treatment of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the choice of treatment are debated, arthroscopy seems generally accepted as a minimally invasive alternative. The objective of this study was to investigate various factors and their possible correlation with an unsuccessful outcome of arthroscopic lysis and lavage in patients diagnosed with chronic closed lock, arthralgia with or without concomitant osteoarthritis of the TMJ, or systemic rheumatologic disease with involvement of the TMJ...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487108/temporomandibular-joint-capsule-rupture-presenting-as-expandable-ear-canal-mass
#7
Wan-Hsuan Sun, Pa-Chun Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482441/-effect-of-temporomandibular-joint-disc-perforation-on-expression-of-type-%C3%A2-collagen-in-temporomandibular-joint-disc-cells
#8
M H Deng, J Xu, H X Cai, W Fang, X Long
Objective: To investigate the effect of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc perforation on expression of type Ⅰ collagen in TMJ disc cells. Methods: The fibroblastic-like cells from the surgical removed TMJ disc tissue (disc perforation or TMJ condyle hyperplasia) were cultured. The cultured cells were identified as fibroblastic-like cells by toluidine blue and immunofluorescence staining. The expression of type Ⅰ collagen was detected with Western blotting and the content of type Ⅰ collagen was examined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
May 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476093/association-of-condylar-bone-quality-with-tmj-osteoarthritis
#9
J Shi, S Lee, H C Pan, A Mohammad, A Lin, W Guo, E Chen, A Ahn, J Li, K Ting, J H Kwak
The etiology and treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (TMJOA) remain complex and unclear. Based on clinical observations, we hypothesized that low condylar bone quality is significantly correlated with TMJOA and explored this association in a cross-sectional study with human patients. A total of 254 postmenopausal female participants were included in this study. Radiographic findings from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and clinical symptoms were used to classify each TMJ data sample as healthy control ( n = 124) or TMJOA ( n = 130)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474074/-measurement-of-temporomandibular-joint-space-of-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#10
Rui Zhao, Wei-Sheng Wen, Ge Yang, Ye Tao, Rui Jia
PURPOSE: This research evaluated the morphological differences of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) between patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) and normal population using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Eighteen OSAHS patients were admitted from January 2014 to May 2016 and 18 healthy adults were chosen as control. OSAHS patients were divided into three sub-groups (n=6), i.e. the mild group, the moderate group and the severe group, according to apnea and hypopnea index (AHI)...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471560/arthroscopy-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-closed-lock
#11
Waseem Abboud, Sahar Nadel, Noam Yarom, Ran Yahalom
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders affect roughly 5% of the population. Chronic closed lock is one of the more common temporomandibular disorders and is characterized by limited mouth opening and various degrees of joint pain and dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of arthroscopic lysis and lavage of the TMJ to treat limited mouth opening in patients suffering from chronic closed lock. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 47 patients with chronic closed lock treated with arthroscopic lysis and lavage...
July 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464982/haplotypes-of-the-rank-and-opg-genes-are-associated-with-chronic-arthralgia-in-individuals-with-and-without-temporomandibular-disorders
#12
L L Bonato, V Quinelato, R Borojevic, A R Vieira, A Modesto, J M Granjeiro, R Tesch, P L Casado
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between genetic polymorphisms and the comorbid presence of chronic systemic arthralgia in patients with articular temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Subjects were evaluated for the presence of TMD and asked about the presence of chronic joint pain. Four groups were included in the study: articular TMD and systemic arthralgia (n=85), no articular TMD and systemic arthralgia (n=82), articular TMD and no systemic arthralgia (n=21), no articular TMD and no systemic arthralgia (control, n=72)...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462199/giant-cell-tumor-of-temporomandibular-joint-masquerading-as-temporomandibular-joint-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#13
Jo Ee Sam, Rullyandrianto Pan Nuriman Rachmat, Cri Saiful Jordan Melano, Nasser Abdul Wahab
Giant cell tumor (GCT) of the craniofacial bones has been reported but they are not common. This tumor occurs more often in women than in men and predominantly affects patients around the third to fifth decade of life. GCTs are generally benign but can be locally aggressive as well. We report a case of GCT involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which was initially thought to be temporomandibular disorder (TMD). A 22-year-old female presented with swelling and pain over the right temporal region for 18 months associated with jaw locking and clicking sounds...
April 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462150/development-of-electromyographic-indicators-for-the-diagnosis-of-temporomandibular-disorders-a-protocol-for-an-assessor-blinded-cross-sectional-study
#14
Kwang-Ho Choi, O Sang Kwon, Ui Min Jerng, So Min Lee, Lak-Hyung Kim, Jeeyoun Jung
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive and easy-to-use surface electromyography (EMG) is frequently utilized for the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, few EMG parameters that consider TMDs in addition to the cranio-cervical-mandibular system have been regarded as important in traditional Korean medicine. METHODS: This clinical trial will be conducted as an assessor-blinded cross-sectional study. The participants will be classified based on the Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs Symptom Questionnaire (DC/TMD SQ) and 30 TMD patients and 30 healthy controls will be enrolled...
March 2017: Integr Med Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461120/a-rare-complication-of-tonsillitis-septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#15
E Araz Server, O Onerci Celebi, B Hamit, O Yigit
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rarely seen clinical condition. Such an infection may be encountered following infections in the head and neck region, with direct or haematogenous spread to the joint. This article presents the case of a patient with tonsillitis leading to septic arthritis of the TMJ and reports the results of a review of the literature.
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460873/long-term-therapeutic-effects-of-dextrose-prolotherapy-in-patients-with-hypermobility-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-single-arm-study-with-1-4-years-follow-up
#16
H Refai
The aim was to analyse the short-term and long-term therapeutic efficacy of dextrose prolotherapy for dislocation or subluxation (hypermobility) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Sixty-one patients with symptomatic hypermobility of the TMJ were included in this single-arm prospective study, in which they were each given four sessions of intra-articular and pericapsular injections six weeks apart. Each injection comprised 10% dextrose/mepivacaine solution 3ml. Clinical outcomes including severity of pain on movement according to the numerical rating scale (NRS), maximal interincisal opening, clicking, and frequency of locking were measured before treatment (T1), during treatment (T2) (just before the third session of injections), at the short-term follow-up (T3) (three months after treatment), and at the long-term follow-up (T4) (1-4 years after treatment)...
April 28, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459248/frontline-temporomandibular-joint-orofacial-pain-therapy-for-every-dental-practice
#17
Lisa Germain, Louis Malcmacher
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint and/or muscles of mastication. TMD may present along with many comorbid pain syndromes such as myofascial pain, headache, and neck and back stiffness with limited range of motion, as well as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. The diagnosis and management of TMD is complex and, many times, multidisciplinary. However, dentists can provide their patients with frontline temporomandibular/orofacial pain therapy with didactic and hands-on training that provides a better understanding and a conservative approach for treatment of TMDs...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458938/septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-secondary-to-acute-otitis-media-in-an-adult-a-rare-case-with-achromobacter-xylosoxidans
#18
Ryan Chin Taw Cheong, Laura Harding
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a rare complication of acute otitis media (AOM) with only four reported cases in the English and Japanese literature. Based on the unusual nature of this clinical condition, we discuss the first documented case due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans and the utility of myringotomy with long-term intravenous antibiotics via a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). We describe the case of a 76-year-old male patient that was brought in by ambulance to the accident and emergency (A&E) department due to severe right-sided otalgia with increased hearing impairment...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458805/the-tongue-mandible-hyoid-system
#19
Giuseppe Messina
The craniocervical-mandibular system works in harmony and allows different functional tasks as the postural control of the cervical region. This system is formed by the temporomandibular joint, the masticatory muscles and ligaments connecting the temporomandibular joint and the cervical region. It has been seen to affect human posture, and many disorders of the temporomandibular joints may affect this functional arrangement. Notwithstanding this system considered as a functional arrangement, may offer various clinical explanations, it does not hold anatomical connections with the posterior region of the cranium, thus it should not be refered to as a craniocervical arrangement...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458495/hemifacial-microsomia-clinicoradiological-insight-and-report-of-a-case
#20
Nidhi Chhabra, Anuj Chhabra
BACKGROUND: Hemifacial microsomia is a congenital malformation characterized by deficiency in the amount of hard and soft tissue on one side of the face. It is primarily a syndrome of the first branchial arch, involving underdevelopment of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, mandibular ramus, ear and, occasionally, defects in facial nerve and muscles. CASE DETAILS: The clinical and radiological manifestations of a 14-year-old male patient having hemifacial microsomia is highlighted in this article to enhance our knowledge and diagnostic skill of this rare entity...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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