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Seasonal rhinitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443598/evaluation-of-inferior-turbinate-stroma-with-ultrasound-elastography-in-allergic-rhinitis-patients
#1
Göksel Turhal, Sercan Göde, Ceyda Tunakan Dalgıç, Aytül Zerrin Sin, Erkan Kısmalı, İsa Kaya, Arın Öztürk, Özlem Göksel, Raşit Midilli, Kerem Öztürk, Bülent Karcı
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is primarily based on history, physical examination and allergy testing. A technique that noninvasively evaluates the soft tissue changes in the nasal mucosa of allergic rhinitis patients has not been defined. AIMS: To assess nasal mucosal changes and measure the submucosal fibrosis in allergic rhinitis patients with sonoelastography. STUDY DESIGN: Case control study Methods: Eighty-eight turbinates of 44 patients were included in the study...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442578/multicentre-non-interventional-study-to-assess-the-profile-of-patients-with-uncontrolled-rhinitis-prescribed-a-novel-formulation-of-azelastine-hydrochloride-and-fluticasone-propionate-in-a-single-spray-in-routine-clinical-practice-in-the-uk
#2
Glenis Scadding, David Price, Tariq El-Shanawany, Shahzada Ahmed, Jaydip Ray, Ravishankar Sargur, Nirmal Kumar
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to characterise the type of patient prescribed MP-AzeFlu (Dymista, a novel formulation of azelastine hydrochloride, fluticasone propionate and excipients in a single spray) in real life in the UK and physicians' reasons for prescribing it and (2) to quantify the personal and societal burden of allergic rhinitis (AR) in the UK prior to MP-AzeFlu prescription. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This multicentre, non-interventional study enrolled patients (n=193) with moderate-to-severe AR and acute symptoms who were eligible to receive treatment with MP-AzeFlu according to its licensed indications...
April 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441993/randomized-placebo-controlled-study-of-cetirizine-and-loratadine-in-children-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#3
Anjuli S Nayak, William E Berger, Craig F LaForce, Eduardo R Urdaneta, Mitesh K Patel, Kathleen B Franklin, Mei-Miau Wu
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic treatment is a mainstay of allergy therapy and many caregivers use over-the-counter antihistamines for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) symptoms in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of cetirizine 10 mg syrup versus loratadine 10 mg syrup versus placebo syrup in a randomized double-blind study of children, ages 6-11 years, with SAR. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study was conducted at 71 U...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437146/homeopathy-for-allergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review
#4
Kushal Banerjee, Robert T Mathie, Céire Costelloe, Jeremy Howick
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of homeopathic intervention in the treatment of seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis (AR). METHOD: Randomized controlled trials evaluating all forms of homeopathic treatment for AR were included in a systematic review (SR) of studies published up to and including December 2015. Two authors independently screened potential studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. Primary outcomes included symptom improvement and total quality-of-life score...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401436/cypress-pollinosis-from-tree-to-clinic
#5
REVIEW
Denis Charpin, Christian Pichot, Jordina Belmonte, Jean-Pierre Sutra, Jarmila Zidkova, Pascal Chanez, Youcef Shahali, Hélène Sénéchal, Pascal Poncet
Cypress (Cupressus sp.pl) is a genus within the Cupressaceae family. This family covers all of the Earth's continents except for Antarctica, and it includes about 160 species. The most important taxa for allergic diseases belong to five different genera: Cupressus, Hesperocyparis, Juniperus, Cryptomeria, and Chamaecyparis. Cupressaceae species share a common pollen type that can even include the genus Taxus (Taxaceae) when this plant is also present. As Juniperus oxycedrus pollinates in October, Cupressus sempervirens in January and February, Hesperocyparis arizonica (prev...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392807/efficacy-and-safety-of-setipiprant-in-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-results-from-phase-2-and-phase-3-randomized-double-blind-placebo-and-active-referenced-studies
#6
Paul Ratner, Charles P Andrews, Frank C Hampel, Bruce Martin, Dale E Mohar, Denis Bourrelly, Parisa Danaietash, Sara Mangialaio, Jasper Dingemanse, Abdel Hmissi, Jay van Bavel
BACKGROUND: Antagonism of chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule on T-helper type-2 cells (CRTH2), a G-protein coupled receptor for prostaglandin D2, could be beneficial for treating allergic disorders. We present findings on the efficacy and safety/tolerability of a CRTH2 antagonist (setipiprant) in participants with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) in a real-life setting over 2 weeks. METHODS: A Phase 2 trial and a Phase 3 trial were conducted at seven centers in Texas, USA during the Mountain Cedar pollen season...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392402/does-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-increase-sensitivity-to-ammonia-exposure
#7
Marlene Pacharra, Stefan Kleinbeck, Michael Schäper, Meinolf Blaszkewicz, Klaus Golka, Christoph van Thriel
Allergic inflammation in the upper airways represents a wide-spread health issue: Little is known about whether it increases sensitivity to airborne chemicals thereby challenging established exposure limits that neglect such differences in susceptibility. To investigate the role of pre-existing allergic inflammation, 19 subjects with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and 18 control subjects with low risk of sensitization were exposed for 4h to ammonia in two concentrations (cross-over design): 2.5ppm (odor threshold) and 0-40ppm (occupational exposure limit: 20ppm TWA)...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380494/accelerated-up-dosing-of-subcutaneous-immunotherapy-with-a-registered-allergoid-birch-pollen-preparation
#8
Krzysztof Buczyłko, Jan F van der Werf, Diderik Boot, Ronald van Ree
BACKGROUND: Early pollen flight and new allergens prolonging the pollen season means that the time for up-dosing of allergen-specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) outside the pollen season becomes shorter. Hence, for patients who wish or need to be up-dosed faster, an accelerated induction regimen would provide a useful treatment option. METHODS: An accelerated up-dosing regimen (0.1-0.3-0.5 mL at weekly intervals) was compared to conventional up-dosing (0...
April 6, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378369/a-randomized-controlled-phase-ii-clinical-trial-comparing-ono-4053-a-novel-dp1-antagonist-with-a-leukotriene-receptor-antagonist-pranlukast-in-patients-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#9
Kimihiro Okubo, Kazuhiro Hashiguchi, Tetsuo Takeda, Kanji Baba, Hideto Kitagoh, Hitoshi Miho, Hideo Tomomatsu, Shinsuke Yamaguchi, Motoi Odani, Hajime Yamamotoya
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2 ) is primarily produced by mast cells and is contributing to the nasal symptoms including nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel PGD2 receptor 1 (DP1) antagonist, ONO-4053, in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR). METHODS: This study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study of patients with SAR. Following a one-week period of placebo run-in, patients who met the study criteria were randomized to either the ONO-4053, leukotriene receptor antagonist pranlukast, or placebo group for a two-week treatment period...
April 4, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360459/correlation-of-pollen-counts-and-number-of-hospital-visits-of-asthmatic-and-allergic-rhinitis-patients
#10
Nishtha Singh, Udaiveer Singh, Dimple Singh, Mangal Daya, Virendra Singh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Environmental pollens are known to cause exacerbation of symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma. During pollen months, number of patients visiting hospital has been shown to increase in some studies. However, in India, such studies are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to study pollen counts and to find its correlation with number of new patients attending Asthma Bhawan for 2 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aerobiological sampling was done using Burkard 24 h spore trap system...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341882/lifetime-allergic-rhinitis-prevalence-among-us-primary-farm-operators-findings-from-the-2011-farm-and-ranch-safety-survey
#11
Jacek M Mazurek, Paul K Henneberger
PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis is associated with decreased quality of life, and reduced workplace performance and productivity. This study investigated the prevalence of lifetime allergic rhinitis and factors associated with allergic rhinitis among US primary farm operators. METHODS: The 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey data collected from 11,210 active farm operators were analyzed. Survey respondents were determined to have lifetime allergic rhinitis based on a "yes" response to the question: "Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had hay fever, seasonal allergies, or allergic rhinitis?" Data were weighted to produce nationally representative estimates...
March 24, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326908/sublingual-immunotherapy-tablets-as-a-disease-modifying-add-on-treatment-option-to-pharmacotherapy-for-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma
#12
Stephen Brunton, Harold S Nelson, David I Bernstein, Simon Lawton, Susan Lu, Hendrik Nolte
Allergic rhinitis (AR) with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) is associated with a significant health and economic burden, and is often accompanied by asthma. Pharmacotherapies are the mainstay treatment options for AR and asthma, but guidelines also recommend allergy immunotherapy (AIT). Unlike pharmacotherapies, AIT has the ability to modify the underlying immunologic mechanisms of AR and asthma with the potential for long-term benefits after treatment is discontinued. Immunotherapy may also prevent progression of AR/C to asthma...
March 27, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294587/vitamin-d-levels-and-allergic-diseases-an-italian-cross-sectional-multicenter-survey
#13
C Lombardi, G Passalacqua
Background. During the two last decades, the interest in the role of Vitamin D (VD) in allergic disease has increased. Apart from the well-known actions of VD in bone metabolism, recent studies suggested its possible role as an immune-modulator in allergy. Objective. This study, conducted over the Italian territory, evaluated the possible correlations between VD serum level and diagnosed allergic diseases (rhinitis / asthma, food allergy, atopic dermatitis). Thus, VD was assessed in patients with physician-diagnosed allergic diseases...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291999/-seasonal-and-perennial-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#14
K Schröder, D Finis, S Meller, B A Buhren, M Wagenmann, G Geerling
Seasonsal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC) as well as intermittent and persistent allergic rhinitis are widespread diseases. Because a combined occurrence of ocular and nasal symptoms is very common the summarising term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is frequently used. SAC and PAC representing the two acute forms of allergic conjunctivitis account for more than 90% of all cases of allergic conjunctivitis. Compared to the chronic forms of allergic conjunctivitis their course of disease is milder...
February 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286421/pharmacoeconomics-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-the-5-grass-pollen-tablets-for-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#15
REVIEW
Carlo Lombardi, Valerie Melli, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Erminia Ridolo
Allergic rhinitis has a very high burden regarding both direct and indirect costs. This makes essential in the management of AR to reduce the clinical severity of the disease and thus to lessen its costs. This particularly concerns allergen immunotherapy (AIT), that, based on its immunological action on the causes of allergy, extends its benefit also after discontinuation of the treatment. From the pharmacoeconomic point of view, any treatment must be evaluated according to its cost-effectiveness, that is, the ratio between the cost of the intervention and its effect...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280371/evaluation-of-a-sublingual-immunotherapy-solution-in-olive-induced-respiratory-allergy-in-jordan-a-retrospective-observational-study
#16
Khaled Al-Asad, Sayed Al-Nazer, Anan Al-Faqih, Mohammad Jamil Hashem
BACKGROUND: Olive pollen is an important cause of respiratory allergy in the Middle East. In this study, the clinical characteristics of adults and children with confirmed allergic rhinitis (AR; with or without asthma) in Jordan were described, and the use of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in a real-life clinical setting was assessed. METHODS: This retrospective observational study evaluated the clinical features of olive-induced allergy and the use of an SLIT solution of standardized extracts toward Ole e 1 given in a pre- and coseasonal scheme with a daily dose of 300 index of reactivity for two consecutive seasons...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272395/a-possible-role-for-neutrophils-in-allergic-rhinitis-revealed-after-cellular-subclassification
#17
Julia Arebro, Sandra Ekstedt, Eric Hjalmarsson, Ola Winqvist, Susanna Kumlien Georén, Lars-Olaf Cardell
A re-examination of former concepts is required to meet today's medical challenges in allergic rhinitis. Previously, neutrophils have been treated as a relatively homogenous cell population found in the nose both when the patient is suffering at the height of the allergic season as well as when the patient report no symptoms. However, new data indicates that neutrophils can be divided into different subsets with diverse roles in inflammation. We showed increased levels of neutrophils in peripheral blood, nasal biopsies and nasal lavage fluid (NAL) from allergic patients during the pollen season compared to healthy controls...
March 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270216/bifidobacterium-mixture-b-longum-bb536-b-infantis-m-63-b-breve-m-16v-treatment-in-children-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-and-intermittent-asthma
#18
Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cristiana Indolfi, Michele Capasso, Nunzia Maiello, Fabio Decimo, Giorgio Ciprandi
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic asthma are caused by an IgE-mediated inflammatory reaction. Probiotics may exert anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory activity. Thus, this study aimed at investigating whether a Bifidobacteria mixture could be able to relieve nasal symptoms, and affect quality of life (QoL) in children with AR and intermittent asthma due to Parietaria allergy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as placebo-controlled, double-blinded, and randomized...
March 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241509/the-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-allergic-rhinitis-further-epidemiological-evidence-from-changchun-northeastern-china
#19
Bo Teng, Xuelei Zhang, Chunhui Yi, Yan Zhang, Shufeng Ye, Yafang Wang, Daniel Q Tong, Binfeng Lu
With the continuous rapid urbanization process over the last three decades, outdoors air pollution has become a progressively more serious public health hazard in China. To investigate the possible associations, lag effects and seasonal differences of urban air quality on respiratory health (allergic rhinitis) in Changchun, a city in Northeastern China, we carried out a time-series analysis of the incidents of allergic rhinitis (AR) from 2013 to 2015. Environmental monitoring showed that PM2.5 and PM10 were the major air pollutants in Changchun, followed by SO₂, NO₂ and O₃...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217431/a%C3%A2-novel-experimental-technology-for-testing-efficacy-of-air-purifiers-on-pollen-reduction
#20
Karl-Christian Bergmann, Torsten Sehlinger, Julia Gildemeister, Torsten Zuberbier
BACKGROUND: Allergenic pollen exposure is mostly seen as an outdoor phenomenon but studies have shown an indoor exposure: different pollen species including birch and grass pollen in houses, schools, and shops are leading to long-lasting symptoms even after the pollen season because pollen settle on surfaces and re-enter the indoor air depending on ventilation. To reduce indoor pollen load, windows need to be closed and devices should be used: as pure wiping and cleaning of surfaces is mostly not sufficient, air cleaners may be helpful in reducing pollen counts in indoor environment...
2017: Allergo Journal International
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