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Seasonal rhinitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225657/satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-of-allergic-patients-following-sublingual-five-grass-pollen-tablet-immunotherapy-in-spain
#1
Darío Antolín-Amerigo, Isabel A Tabar, Maria Del Mar Fernández-Nieto, Anna M Callejo-Melgosa, Francisco J Muñoz-Bellido, José C Martínez-Alonso, Jorge D Méndez-Alcalde, Marta Reche, Ana Rodríguez-Trabado, Ana Rosado-Ingelmo, Alicia Alonso-Gómez, Rosa Blanco-González, José A Alvarez-Fernandez, Isabel Botella, Ana Valls, Mercedes Cimarra, Carlos Blanco
Background: Five-grass pollen tablet is an effective and well-tolerated therapy for patients with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC). This trial sought to determine the satisfaction and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients undergoing this treatment. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, multicentre, observational, naturalistic study, following a discontinuous pre- and co-seasonal five-grass pollen regimen over two seasons in Spain (2012, 2013). The HRQoL of the patients was measured with the specific Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) for adults, adolescent (AdolRQLQ), or paediatric (PRQLQ) patients...
2017: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181536/pharmacologic-treatment-of-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-synopsis-of-guidance-from-the-2017-joint-task-force-on-practice-parameters
#2
Dana V Wallace, Mark S Dykewicz, John Oppenheimer, Jay M Portnoy, David M Lang
Description: The Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters, which comprises representatives of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI) and the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), formed a workgroup to review evidence and provide guidance to health care providers on the initial pharmacologic treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis in patients aged 12 years or older. Methods: To update a prior systematic review, the workgroup searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 18 July 2012 to 29 July 2016 to identify studies that addressed efficacy and adverse effects of single or combination pharmacotherapy for seasonal allergic rhinitis...
November 28, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168570/specific-immunotherapy-in-lar-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-with-phleum-pratense-subcutaneous-allergen-immunotherapy
#3
Carmen Rondón, Natalia Blanca-López, Paloma Campo, Cristobalina Mayorga, Raquel Jurado-Escobar, Maria J Torres, Gabriela Canto, Miguel Blanca
BACKGROUND: Allergen immunotherapy has been shown to be an effective treatment for local allergic rhinitis (LAR) to house dust mites. Studies with pollen allergen immunotherapy are limited to observational studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Phleum pratense subcutaneous immunotherapy (Phl-SCIT) in LAR. METHODS: In a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study, 56 patients with moderate-severe LAR to grass pollen received Phl-SCIT with a depigmented-polymerized pollen vaccine or placebo for the first year, and Phl-SCIT the second one...
November 23, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109963/cytokine-profile-of-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-caused-by-pollen-mite-and-microbial-allergen-sensitization
#4
Yury A Tyurin, Svetlana A Lissovskaya, Rustem S Fassahov, Ilshat G Mustafin, Anton F Shamsutdinov, Marina A Shilova, Albert A Rizvanov
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is especially prevalent among the population of large cities. Immunologically, the airway epithelium is a region where the population of allergen-presenting cells concentrates. These cells actively express a group of receptors of the innate immune system. A specific cytokine profile is its representation. The study was aimed at evaluating the cytokine profile in patients with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis. The cytokine profile of nasal secretion and blood serum of 44 patients with AR was studied...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103802/treatment-of-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-an-evidence-based-focused-2017-guideline-update
#5
Mark S Dykewicz, Dana V Wallace, Fuad Baroody, Jonathan Bernstein, Tim Craig, Ira Finegold, Faith Huang, Desiree Larenas-Linnemann, Eli Meltzer, Gary Steven, David I Bernstein, Joann Blessing-Moore, Chitra Dinakar, Matthew Greenhawt, Caroline C Horner, David A Khan, David Lang, John Oppenheimer, Jay M Portnoy, Christopher R Randolph, Matthew A Rank, Mark S Dykewicz, Dana V Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094019/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-inversely-associated-with-blood-eosinophils-in-patients-with-persistent-allergic-rhinitis
#6
Hai-Yan Wu, Jin-Xiang Chen, Hui-Qin Tian, Xiu-Ling Zhang, Hai-Yan Bian, Lei Cheng
Objective: The relationship between vitamin D and allergic rhinitis (AR) remains unclear. The present study investigated their association by examining serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, blood eosinophils, and the expression of vitamin D receptors (VDR) on nasal mucosa in patients with AR. Methods: A total of 32 patients with persistent AR and 25 controls were enrolled in this study. Serum 25(OH)D levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and eosinophils in the peripheral blood were examined by an automated hematology system, while VDR expression on inferior turbinate mucosa was assessed by immunohistochemistry...
October 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072663/-the-effectiveness-of-the-combination-of-azelastine-hydrochloride-and-mometasone-furoate-for-the-intranasal-application-in-the-patients-presenting-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#7
S A Karpishchenko, O M Kolesnikova
The objective of the present work was to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of azelastine hydrochloride and mometasone furoate for the intranasal application to treat the patients presenting with seasonal allergic rhinitis. A total of 60 subjects suffering from seasonal allergic rhinitis were available for the observation. All the patients were allocated to three groups comprised of 20 individuals each. The patients of the first group received the fixed combination of azelastine hydrochloride and mometasone furoate for the intranasal application, those in the second group were given mometasone furoate administered intranasally together with an oral antihistamine preparation of the third generation, and the patients of the third group were treated with intranasal mometasone furoate alone...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070272/a-multicenter-prospective-noninterventional-study-in-a-norwegian-cohort-of-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-allergic-rhinitis-treated-with-mp-azeflu
#8
Ralph Dollner, Petter Lorentz Larsen, Sinan Dheyauldeen, Sverre Steinsvåg
BACKGROUND: Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma guidelines recently recommended a treatment strategy for allergic rhinitis (AR) based on disease control rather than symptom severity by using a visual analog scale (VAS) to categorize control. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of MP-AzeFlu (Dymista®) by using this VAS in routine clinical practice in Norway. MP-AzeFlu comprises a novel formulation that contains azelastine hydrochloride, fluticasone propionate and excipients delivered in a single spray...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059673/efficacy-of-buffered-hypertonic-saline-nasal-irrigation-for-nasal-symptoms-in-children-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Velia Malizia, Salvatore Fasola, Giuliana Ferrante, Giovanna Cilluffo, Laura Montalbano, Massimo Landi, Donatella Marchese, Giovanni Passalacqua, Stefania La Grutta
BACKGROUND: Saline nasal irrigation is labelled as an add-on treatment in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). The primary aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of 21-day use of buffered hypertonic saline (BHS) versus normal saline solution (NSS) on reducing nasal symptoms in children with seasonal AR (SAR). Comparing their efficacy on nasal cytology counts (NCC), quality of life, and sleep quality was the secondary aim. METHODS: In this 21-day, open-label, randomized controlled study, 36 SAR children (aged 6-13 years) with a Total 5 Symptom Score (T5SS) ≥5 received twice-daily BHS or NSS delivered through a nasal douche...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033449/symptomatology-patterns-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#10
Michael Katotomichelakis, Theodoros Iliou, Ioannis Karvelis, Evangelos Giotakis, Gerasimos Daniilides, Eleni Erkotidou, Christos Lazaridis, George K Anastassopoulos
BACKGROUND Although allergic rhinitis (AR) is recognized as a growing global health disease with considerable importance for patients' lives, especially among children and adolescents, there is a lack of population studies concerning symptomatology patterns of the disease. The present study aimed to explore symptoms prevalence among school-aged children, to detect any correlation between allergen sensitivities with symptomatology patterns, and, finally, to evaluate the association of the sensitivity grade score with symptoms severity or seasonality...
October 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022537/respiratory-comorbidity-in-south-african-children-with-atopic-dermatitis
#11
C L Gray, M E Levin, G Du Toit
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an early and important step in the propagation of the allergic march, enhancing food and respiratory allergies via epicutaneous sensitisation to allergens. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and patterns of aeroallergen sensitisation, asthma and allergic rhinitis in South African (SA) children with AD. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study in a paediatric university hospital in Cape Town, SA...
September 22, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022093/-seasonal-allergic-conjunctivitis
#12
K Schröder, D Finis, S Meller, M Wagenmann, G Geerling, U Pleyer
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) is a frequent disease, which is often associated with allergic rhinitis and subsequently manifested as allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. In contrast to other types of chronic allergic conjunctivitis, the course of SAC is not sight-threatening. Pathogenetically, the underlying cause of SAC is an immunoglobulin E (IgE) mediated, Th2-driven type 1 hypersensitivity reaction. Clinically it presents with itching, light-red conjunctival injection as well as chemosis that exceeds the extent of conjunctival injection...
November 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990893/-pollen-food-allergy-syndrome
#13
Özlem Kar Kurt, Mustafa Erkoçoğlu, Mevlüt Kurt
Pollen food allergy syndrome, is a type I cross-reaction mediated by IgE antibodies between an aeroallergen and a plant-derived antigen. Main symptoms are typically consist of localized oral symptoms such as numbness of the lip or mouth, itching, tingling and swelling of lips, tongue, palate and pharynx without systemic symptoms. Patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis, asthma or both more frequently experience pollen food allergy syndrome. Because most patients have mild symptoms and the improvement by avoiding food, the true incidence is unknown...
June 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958744/very-poorly-controlled-asthma-in-urban-minority-children-lessons-learned
#14
Arlene M Butz, Melissa Bellin, Mona Tsoukleris, Shawna S Mudd, Joan Kub, Jean Ogborn, Tricia Morphew, Cassia Lewis-Land, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger
BACKGROUND: Very poorly controlled (VPC) asthma in children is associated with ongoing acute exacerbations but factors associated with VPC are understudied. OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors associated with VPC asthma in urban minority children. METHODS: This descriptive study examined asthma control levels (well-controlled [WC], not well-controlled [NWC], and VPC) at baseline and 6 months in children participating in an ongoing randomized controlled trial of an emergency department/home environmental control intervention...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932345/the-grass-pollen-season-2015-a-proof-of-concept-multi-approach-study-in-three-different-european-cities
#15
Maximilian Kmenta, Katharina Bastl, Uwe Berger, Matthias F Kramer, Matthew D Heath, Sanna Pätsi, Anna-Mari Pessi, Annika Saarto, Barbora Werchan, Matthias Werchan, Reinhard Zetter, Karl-Christian Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Grasses release the most widespread aeroallergens with considerable sensitization rates, while different species produce several pollen concentration peaks throughout the season. This study analyzed the prevalence of grass species in three different European city areas and compared the flowering period of these species with daily pollen concentrations and the symptom loads of grass pollen allergy sufferers. METHODS: The most prevalent grass species in Vienna (Austria), Berlin (Germany) and Turku (Finland) were studied and examined by use of three different approaches: phenology, pollen monitoring and symptom load evaluation...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929717/-thunderstorm-and-asthma-outbreaks-during-pollen-season
#16
Maria D'Amato, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Antonio Molino, Mauro Mormile, Carolina Vitale, Alessandro Vatrella, Alessandro Sanduzzi, Gennaro D'Amato
An increasing body of evidence shows the occurrence of asthma epidemics, sometimes also severe, during thunderstorms in the pollen season in various geographical zones. The main hypothesis explaining association between thunderstorms and asthma claims that thunderstorms can concentrate pollen grains at ground level; these grains may then release allergenic particles of respirable size in the atmosphere after their rupture by osmotic shock. During the first 20-30 minutes of a thunderstorm, patients suffering from pollen allergy may inhale a high concentration of the allergenic material dispersed into the atmosphere, which can, in turn, induce asthmatic reactions, often severe...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928804/efficacy-of-a-leukotriene-receptor-antagonist-for-pediatric-cedar-pollen-allergy-complicated-by-asthma
#17
Shigemi Yoshihara, Yutaka Kikuchi, Mari Saitou, Susumu Yanagawa, Noriko Kanno, Hiroshi Igarashi, Hironobu Fukuda, Akiko Iimura, Toshio Abe, Yumi Yamada, Tamotsu Andou, Osamu Arisaka
Leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs) are identified as a monotherapy for asthma and allergic rhinitis; however, their use in children for treatment of these diseases has not been examined. Accordingly, the present study investigated the efficacy of pranlukast dry syrup for children with both pollinosis and asthma. The subjects were children receiving treatment for asthma who were also diagnosed with cedar pollen allergy. Patients were divided into a group that received continuous treatment with pranlukast (group A; n=20) and a group that commenced add-on treatment for pollinosis following the onset of symptoms (group B; n=20)...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919832/seasonal-patterns-of-oral-antihistamine-and-intranasal-corticosteroid-purchases-from-australian-community-pharmacies-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
A Simon Carney, David B Price, Pete K Smith, Richard Harvey, Vicky Kritikos, Sinthia Z Bosnic-Anticevich, Louise Christian, Derek A Skinner, Victoria Carter, Alice Ms Durieux
PURPOSE: To explore patterns in the purchase of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) oral antihistamines (OAHs) and intranasal corticosteroids (INCSs) by patients, from pharmacies in different geographical regions of Australia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study using a database containing anonymous pharmacy transaction data from 20.0% of the pharmacies in Australia that link doctor prescriptions and OTC information. Pharmacy purchases of at least one prescription or OTC rhinitis treatment during 2013 and 2014 were assessed...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857184/pathogenicity-of-memory-th2-cells-is-linked-to-stage-of-allergic-rhinitis
#19
T Iinuma, Y Okamoto, Y Morimoto, T Arai, T Sakurai, S Yonekura, D Sakurai, K Hirahara, T Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) consists of three developmental stages that are based on the presence/absence of antigen-specific IgE and symptoms. The pathogenic Th2 (Tpath2) cells constitute a population of Th2 cells with additional potentially pathogenic characteristics. We examined the relationship between Tpath2 cells and the stages of allergic rhinitis by focusing on ST2, which is an IL-33 receptor. METHODS: Patients with Japanese cedar pollen-induced AR (JCP-AR) and healthy volunteers were divided into "nonsensitized," "asymptomatic sensitized (AS)," and "JCP-AR" groups...
August 30, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831847/how-to-use-a-corticosteroid-nasal-spray
#20
Janette Bartle
Rationale and key points This article outlines the appropriate and effective technique for using a corticosteroid nasal spray. If these sprays are used inappropriately, they will be ineffective and might reduce the patient's adherence to the treatment. Nurses can use the information in this article to advise patients on the appropriate technique for using a corticosteroid nasal spray. » Topical corticosteroid nasal sprays are commonly used to treat seasonal and persistent allergic rhinitis, which cause inflammation inside the nose and can lead to nasal blockage...
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
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