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Seasonal rhinitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208220/allergic-respiratory-disease-different-allergens-different-symptoms
#1
Antonio Valero, Santiago Quirce, Ignacio Dávila, Julio Delgado, Javier Domínguez-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Spanish population is rather homogeneous in its genetic and socio-cultural characteristics, but allergen sensitization shows wide geographical variations. We aimed at assessing whether sensitization to different allergens in the diverse geographical areas induced different clinical and quality of life characteristics in adult patients with a first-time diagnosis of rhinitis and/or asthma. METHODS: Two sequential, identically designed studies were carried out to evaluate such associations (PERFILAR I and II)...
February 16, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196255/effect-of-2-years-of-treatment-with-sublingual-grass-pollen-immunotherapy-on-nasal-response-to-allergen-challenge-at-3-years-among-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-the-grass-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Guy W Scadding, Moises A Calderon, Mohamed H Shamji, Aarif O Eifan, Martin Penagos, Florentina Dumitru, Michelle L Sever, Henry T Bahnson, Kaitie Lawson, Kristina M Harris, Audrey G Plough, Joy Laurienzo Panza, Tielin Qin, Noha Lim, Nadia K Tchao, Alkis Togias, Stephen R Durham
Importance: Sublingual immunotherapy and subcutaneous immunotherapy are effective in seasonal allergic rhinitis. Three years of continuous treatment with subcutaneous immunotherapy and sublingual immunotherapy has been shown to improve symptoms for at least 2 years following discontinuation of treatment. Objective: To assess whether 2 years of treatment with grass pollen sublingual immunotherapy, compared with placebo, provides improved nasal response to allergen challenge at 3-year follow-up...
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182031/allergies-in-urban-versus-countryside-settings-in-poland-as-part-of-the-epidemiology-of-the-allergic-diseases-in-poland-ecap-study-challenge-the-early-differential-diagnosis
#3
Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Konrad Furmańczyk, Barbara Piekarska, Aneta Tomaszewska, Adam Sybilski, Bolesław K Samoliński
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of allergies depends on a number of factors, including adopting an urban "western" lifestyle, genetic predispositions, and different regions of residence. AIM: To compare the prevalence of allergic conditions (seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR), bronchial asthma (BA), atopic dermatitis (AD)) in a group of countryside versus urban residents in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prevalence of allergic conditions in urban versus countryside settings was assessed using the translated and approved questionnaire developed for international ECRHS II and ISAAC studies...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140507/google-trends-terms-reporting-rhinitis-and-related-topics-differ-in-european-countries
#4
Jean Bousquet, Ioana Agache, Josep M Anto, Karl C Bergmann, Claus Bachert, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Philippe J Bousquet, Gennaro D'Amato, Pascal Demoly, Govert De Vries, Esben Eller, Wytske Fokkens, Joao Fonseca, Tari Haahtela, Peter W Hellings, Jocelyne Just, Thomas Keil, Ludger Klimek, Piotr Kuna, Karin C Lodrup Carlsen, Ralf Mösges, Ruth Murray, Kristof Nekam, Gabrielle Onorato, Nikos G Papadopoulos, Boleslaw Samolinski, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Michel Thibaudon, Peter Tomazic, Massimo Triggiani, Arunas Valiulis, Erkka Valovirta, Michiel Van Eerd, Magnus Wickman, Torsten Zuberbier, Aziz Sheikh
Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google and reflects the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared Google Trends terms related to allergy and rhinitis in all European Union countries, Norway and Switzerland from January 1, 2011 to December 20, 2016. The aim was to assess whether the same terms could be used to report the seasonal variations of allergic diseases. Using the Google Trend 5-year graph, an annual and clear seasonality of queries was found in all countries apart from Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Malta...
January 31, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124640/local-allergic-rhinitis-to-pollens-is-underdiagnosed-in-young-patients
#5
Anna Krajewska-Wojtys, Jerzy Jarzab, Radoslaw Gawlik, Andrzej Bozek
BACKGROUND: Local allergic rhinitis (LAR) has been observed in patients without atopy. However, LAR is still underdiagnosed in patients with perennial or seasonal nasal symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of LAR in young patients with a previous diagnosis of nonallergic rhinitis or suspicion of allergy. METHODS: A total of 121 patients, ages 12-18 years old, with confirmed nonallergic rhinitis and typical seasonal nasal symptoms were examined...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122395/memory-and-multitasking-performance-during-acute-allergic-inflammation-in-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#6
Katharina Trikojat, Angelika Buske-Kirschbaum, Franziska Plessow, Jochen Schmitt, Rico Fischer
BACKGROUND: In previous research patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) showed poorer school and work performance during periods of acute allergic inflammation, supporting the idea of an impact of SAR on cognitive functions. However, the specific cognitive domains particularly vulnerable to inflammatory processes are unclear. OBJECTIVE: In the present study the influence of SAR on memory and multitasking performance, as two potentially vulnerable cognitive domains essential in everyday life functioning, was investigated in SAR patients...
January 25, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109729/comparison-of-the-effects-of-nasal-steroids-and-montelukast-on-olfactory-functions-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#7
A Dalgic, M E Dinc, S Ulusoy, D Dizdar, A Is, M Topak
OBJECTIVE: Olfactory dysfunction is one of the comorbidities associated with allergic rhinitis (AR) and AR is one of the common causes of olfactory problems. We aimed to evaluate by the Sniffin' Sticks test the effects on olfactory functions of nasal steroids and leukotriene antagonists used for allergic rhinitis. METHODS: Thirty patients with seasonal rhinitis were included in this study. Patients were randomly divided into three groups of 10 patients; group 1 received montelukast sodium and mometasone furoate (MF) therapy, group 2 received only montelukast, and group 3 only MF...
January 18, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096738/clinical-management-expectations-and-satisfaction-of-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-treated-with-sq-standardized-grass-allergen-tablet-under-routine-clinical-practice-conditions-in-spain
#8
Tomás Chivato, Pedro Álvarez-Calderón, Carmen Panizo, Ricardo Abengozar, César Alías, Ali Al-Baech, José Arias-Irigoyen, M José Caballero, Lluis Conill, Silvia de Miguel, Rafael Laguna, Joan Martínez-Benazet, Francisco Matoses, Jose Camilo Martínez-Alonso, Lourdes Mendizábal, Celsa Pérez-Carral, Carlos Puerto, Joan Serra-Batllés, Adolfo Vélez, Jonathan Vicente, Fernando de la Torre
BACKGROUND: Sublingual immunotherapy has been proven as a well-tolerated and effective treatment for allergic rhinitis. Within this type of treatment, GRAZAX(®) is the most documented product in terms of safety and efficacy. The objective of this study was to identify the patients' expectations and level of treatment satisfaction, as well as the clinical management of patients with moderate/severe allergic rhinoconjunctivitis treated with GRAZAX(®). METHODS: This was a non-interventional, observational, multi-centre, open-label study involving a total of 131 adult patients aged 18-66 years with confirmed diagnosis of grass-allergy and initiated treatment with GRAZAX(®) between June 2010 and April 2011...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065341/allergen-immunotherapy-for-a-teenager-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-due-to-grass-pollen-subcutaneous-or-sublingual-route
#9
REVIEW
Harold S Nelson, Stephen R Durham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996287/association-of-indoor-air-quality-and-preschool-children-s-respiratory-symptoms
#10
Pongtong Puranitee, Sirinapa Siwarom, Adisak Plitponkarnpim, Wiparat Manuyakorn, Ratchaneewan Sinitkul, Sakda Arj-Ong Vallipakorn
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to indoor air pollution in DCCs (Child Day Care Centers) and the respiratory symptoms of children under 6 years old. METHODS: Air quality data were collected three times regarding seasonal variation. Pollutants measured in 11 DCCs included PM10, CO, NO2, SO2, O3, benzene, bacteria, fungi, and dust mite. The frequency of respiratory symptoms including coughing, rhinitis, and dyspnea were recorded via teacher and parent-report questionnaires...
December 12, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919315/implication-of-alternative-minimal-clinically-important-difference-threshold-estimation-methods-on-technology-assessment
#11
Diana Brixner, Eli O Meltzer, Kellie Morland, Cathryn A Carroll, Ullrich Munzel, Brian J Lipworth
OBJECTIVES: Various minimal clinically important difference (MCID) threshold estimation techniques have been applied to seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR). The objectives of this study are to (i) assess the difference in magnitude of alternative SAR MCID threshold estimates and (ii) evaluate the impact of alternative MCID estimates on health technology assessment (HTA). METHODS: Data describing change from baseline of the reflective Total Nasal Symptom Score (rTNSS) for four intranasal SAR treatments were obtained from United States Food and Drug Administration-approved prescribing information...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914815/findings-from-an-online-survey-assessing-the-burden-and-management-of-seasonal-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-in-us-patients
#12
Eli O Meltzer, Judith Rosen Farrar, Cary Sennett
BACKGROUND: Seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SARC) affects ≥16% of the US population annually. Telephone and in-office surveys have demonstrated negative effects of allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms on sleep, daily activities, productivity, concentration, and emotions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the patient-perceived burden of SARC in relation to newer treatments, increased access to treatments, and changing management protocols. METHODS: An online survey of symptom experience, impact on daily life, and management was conducted in US respondents who suffer (or whose child suffers) from SARC symptoms...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881942/allergic-rhinitis-bronchial-asthma-and-other-allergies-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-unnoticed-issue
#13
Andrzej Bożek, Piotr Bednarski, Jerzy Jarzab
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases are becoming more prevalent in elderly patients. Allergic diseases have been observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The prevalence of atopic bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis was analyzed in such elderly Polish population. AIM: Analysis of the presence of allergic diseases in the patients with AD in Poland, including asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and atopic dermatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The recruitment of subjects with AD was conducted at 6 sites representative of Polish rural and urban areas, and 1060 subjects with a mean age of 69...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866183/resolution-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-reactive-bronchospasm-with-supplements-and-food-specific-immunoglobulin-g-elimination-a-case-report
#14
Laura Kwiatkowski, Jessica Mitchell, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Allergies are a common affliction, whether they are respiratory, food related, or dermatological. People often resort to continuous use of over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines, to manage their symptoms. Controversy still remains over testing serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G to diagnose food allergies. Objective • This study intended to examine the benefits of treatment of a pediatric patient with natural supplements and an elimination diet for IgG food allergies. Design • The research team reported a case study...
October 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856057/mapping-the-birch-and-grass-pollen-seasons-in-the-uk-using-satellite-sensor-time-series
#15
Nabaz R Khwarahm, Jadunandan Dash, C A Skjøth, R M Newnham, B Adams-Groom, K Head, Eric Caulton, Peter M Atkinson
Grass and birch pollen are two major causes of seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) in the UK and parts of Europe affecting around 15-20% of the population. Current prediction of these allergens in the UK is based on (i) measurements of pollen concentrations at a limited number of monitoring stations across the country and (ii) general information about the phenological status of the vegetation. Thus, the current prediction methodology provides information at a coarse spatial resolution only. Most station-based approaches take into account only local observations of flowering, while only a small number of approaches take into account remote observations of land surface phenology...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799958/th17-responses-are-not-altered-by-natural-exposure-to-seasonal-allergens-in-pollen-sensitive-patients
#16
Agata Schramm, Barbara Jasiewicz-Honkisz, Grzegorz Osmenda, Grzegorz Wilk, Mateusz Siedlinski, Agnieszka Sagan, Pawel T Matusik, Joanna Maciag, Tomasz Sliwa, Marta Czesnikiewicz-Guzik, Tomasz P Mikolajczyk
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis affects 10-30 % of the global population and this number is likely to increase in the forthcoming years. Moreover, it commonly co-exists with allergic asthma as a chronic allergic respiratory syndrome. While the involvement of Th2 cells in allergy is well understood, alterations of pro-inflammatory Th17 responses remain poorly characterized. The aim of our study was to determine whether natural seasonal allergen exposure causes changes in T cell subset characteristics in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785375/histamine-antagonist-bepotastine-suppresses-nasal-symptoms-caused-by-japanese-cedar-and-cypress-pollen-exposure
#17
Sho Kanzaki, Kazuhiro Hashiguchi, Ken-Ichiro Wakabayashi, Kiyochika Suematsu, Kimihiro Okubo
Objective: To determine the efficacy of the antihistamine bepotastine on treating nasal symptoms in patients with Japanese cedar and cypress pollinosis, based on two previous studies that looked at bepotastine OD's inhibitory effect on symptom onset after exposure. Design and methods: Randomized double-blind placebo controlled, parallel study. Twenty-eight volunteers with Japanese cedar and cypress pollinosis were randomly assigned into two experimental groups: a bepotastine-treated or a placebo control group...
2016: Journal of drug assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773851/intradermal-grass-pollen-immunotherapy-increases-th2-and-ige-responses-and-worsens-respiratory-allergic-symptoms
#18
Anna Slovick, Abdel Douiri, Rachel Muir, Andrea Guerra, Konstantinos Tsioulos, Evie Hay, Emily P S Lam, Joanna Kelly, Janet L Peacock, Sun Ying, Mohamed H Shamji, David J Cousins, Stephen R Durham, Stephen J Till
BACKGROUND: Repeated low-dose grass pollen intradermal allergen injection suppresses allergen-induced cutaneous late-phase responses comparably with conventional subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of grass pollen intradermal immunotherapy in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. METHODS: We randomly assigned 93 adults with grass pollen-induced allergic rhinitis to receive 7 preseasonal intradermal allergen injections (containing 7 ng of Phl p 5 major allergen) or a histamine control...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753512/asthma-control-and-obesity-in-urban-african-american-children
#19
Deborah G Loman, Christina G Kwong, Lisa D Henry, Christina Mahl, Lisa Meadows, Alysa G Ellis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), gender, age, controller medication use, household smoke exposure, season, and allergic rhinitis status with asthma control in a group of lower income, African American children. We hypothesized that non-obese children would have better asthma control. METHODS: Baseline data from a longitudinal study of children in a school-based asthma program in a Midwest urban area were analyzed. 360 children, ages 4-15 years, who were enrolled in either the 2012-2013 or 2013-2014 program were included...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744674/short-term-effects-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-emergency-department-visits-for-asthma-an-assessment-of-effect-modification-by-prior-allergic-disease-history
#20
Juhwan Noh, Jungwoo Sohn, Jaelim Cho, Seong-Kyung Cho, Yoon Jung Choi, Changsoo Kim, Dong Chun Shin
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the short-term effect of ambient air pollution on emergency department (ED) visits in Seoul for asthma according to patients' prior history of allergic diseases. METHODS: Data on ED visits from 2005 to 2009 were obtained from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. To evaluate the risk of ED visits for asthma related to ambient air pollutants (carbon monoxide [CO], nitrogen dioxide [NO2], ozone [O3], sulfur dioxide [SO2], and particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <10 μm [PM10]), a generalized additive model with a Poisson distribution was used; a single-lag model and a cumulative-effect model (average concentration over the previous 1-7 days) were also explored...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
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