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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110321/recent-advances-in-arsenic-trioxide-encapsulated-nanoparticles-as-drug-delivery-agents-to-solid-cancers
#1
Akhtar Anam, Wang Scarlet Xiaoyan, Ghali Lucy, Bell Celia, Wen Xuesong
Since arsenic trioxide was first approved as the front line therapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia 25 years ago, its anti-cancer properties for various malignancies have been under intense investigation. However, the clinical successes of arsenic trioxide in treating hematological cancers have not been translated to solid cancers. This is due to arsenic's rapid clearance by the body's immune system before reaching the tumor site. Several attempts have henceforth been made to increase its bioavailability toward solid cancers without increasing its dosage albeit without much success...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110184/structural-analysis-of-binding-functionality-of-folic-acid-peg-dendrimers-against-folate-receptor
#2
Diana Sampogna-Mireles, Ingrid D Araya-Durán, Valeria Márquez-Miranda, Jesús A Valencia-Gallegos, Fernando D González-Nilo
Dendrimers functionalized with folic acid (FA) are drug delivery systems that can selectively target cancer cells with folate receptors (FR-α) overexpression. Incorporation of polyethylene glycol (PEG) can enhance dendrimers solubility and pharmacokinetics, but ligand-receptor binding must not be affected. In this work we characterized, at atomic level, the binding functionality of conventional site-specific dendrimers conjugated with FA with PEG 750 or PEG 3350 as a linker. After Molecular Dynamics simulation, we observed that both PEG's did not interfere over ligand-receptor binding functionality...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110183/noncovalent-interaction-assisted-fullerene-for-the-transportation-of-some-brain-anticancer-drugs-a-theoretical-study
#3
Pabitra Narayan Samanta, Kalyan Kumar Das
The treatment of brain cancer like glioblastoma multiforme often uses chemotherapeutic drugs like temozolomide, procarbazine, carmustine, and lomustine. Fullerene loaded with these drugs help to cross the blood brain barriers. The adsorptions of the four drug molecules on the surface of the fullerene are studied mostly by using density functional theory (DFT) based method at the M06-2X/6-31G(d) level of calculations. In all four cases, the estimated interactions are noncovalent type and the average adsorption energy lies in between -5 and -11kcal/mol in the gas phase...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110173/tuning-physical-properties-and-bmp-2-release-rates-of-injectable-hydrogel-systems-for-an-optimal-bone-regeneration-effect
#4
Bo-Bae Seo, Jeong-Tae Koh, Soo-Chang Song
For a substance to be used as a drug delivery carrier and tissue inducible material for a target disease, its drug release rate and physical properties should be optimized to facilitate the healing process. We developed multi-tunable hydrogel systems with various physical properties and release behaviors to determine the optimal conditions for bone regeneration. Five injectable poly(phosphazene) hydrogels were developed with different types and amounts of anionic side-chains. The five polymer hydrogels showed considerably different in vitro and in vivo performances for sol-gel phase transition, dissolution/degradation, water uptake, and pore size...
January 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110042/recent-advances-in-compartmentalized-synthetic-architectures-as-drug-carriers-cell-mimics-and-artificial-organelles
#5
REVIEW
M J York-Duran, M Godoy-Gallardo, C Labay, A J Urquhart, T L Andresen, L Hosta-Rigau
Compartmentalization is a key feature of biological cells which conduct their metabolic activity in individual steps isolated in distinct, separated compartments. The creation of architectures containing multiple compartments with a structure that resembles that of a biological cell has generated significant research attention and these assemblies are proposed as candidate materials for a range of biomedical applications. In this Review article, the recent successes of multicompartment architectures as carriers for the delivery of therapeutic cargo or the creation of micro- and nanoreactors that mimic metabolic activities, thus acting as artificial cells or organelles, are discussed...
January 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110039/heat-induced-solubilization-of-curcumin-in-kinetically-stable-pluronic-p123-micelles-and-vesicles-an-exploit-of-slow-dynamics-of-the-micellar-restructuring-processes-in-the-aqueous-pluronic-system
#6
R Ganguly, A Kunwar, B Dutta, S Kumar, K C Barick, A Ballal, V K Aswal, P A Hassan
Wide therapeutic potential combined with low cost and negligible toxicity makes curcumin one of the most sought after drugs in recent times. Its poor aqueous solubility and low bioavailability are often overcome by using micelles and vesicles as its carriers. The substances that are commonly used for this purpose are a class of nonionic surfactants called pluronics. Solubilization of curcumin in aqueous systems of these surfactants is carried out by thin film hydration method presumably because slow dynamics of micellar restructuring processes in them creates hindrance for direct solubilization...
January 17, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109899/rgd-conjugated-liposome-hollow-silica-hybrid-nanovehicles-for-targeted-and-controlled-delivery-of-arsenic-trioxide-against-hepatic-carcinoma
#7
Weidong Fei, Yan Zhang, Shunping Han, Jiaoyang Tao, Hongyue Zheng, Yinghui Wei, Jiazhen Zhu, Fanzhu Li, Xuanshen Wang
The aim of our study was to construct an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-conjugated liposome-hollow silica hybrid nanovehicle for targeted delivery and controlled release of arsenic trioxide (ATO), whose anti-solid tumor effect was hampered by poor pharmacokinetics and dose-limited toxicity. Hydrophobic interactions were used to attach intact lipid membrane to the surface of chlorodimethyloctadecylsilane-modified hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles. The prepared nanovehicles (RGD-LP-CHMSN) were characterized for uniform structure (silica core of ∼140nm in diameter and liposomal shell of ∼6nm), comparable drug loading efficiency (6...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109815/a-novel-biocompatible-drug-delivery-system-of-chitosan-temozolomide-nanoparticles-loaded-pcl-pu-nanofibers-for-sustained-delivery-of-temozolomide
#8
Mohammad Irani, Gity Mir Mohamad Sadeghi, Ismaeil Haririan
In the present study, the anticancer drug temozolomide (TMZ) was initially loaded into the chitosan (CS) nanoparticles and synthesized CS/TMZ nanoparticles were incorporated into the synthesized poly (ε-caprolactone diol) based polyurethane (PCL-Diol-b-PU) nanofibers. The synthesized nanoparticles and nanofibers were characterized using dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The obtained results revealed that the CS/TMZ nanoparticles were successfully embedded into the PCL-Diol-b-PU nanofibers...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109814/carboxymethyl-sesbania-gum-synthesis-characterization-and-evaluation-for-drug-delivery
#9
Shakuntla Verma, Munish Ahuja
In the present study, carboxymethyl Sesbania gum was synthesized and evaluated for drug delivery. Carboxymethylation was carried out by reacting with monochloroacetic acid under alkaline conditions. Modification of the gum was confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The degree of carboxymethyl substitution was determined to be 1.3. Carboxymethylation improved the flow properties, increased the degree of crystallinity and changed the compression behaviour from elastic to plastic. Further, the interaction between the modified gum and Ca(2+)-ions was optimized employing a 3-factor, 3-level central composite experimental design to prepare mucoadhesive sustained release beads using metformin hydrochloride as the model drug...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109812/chitosan-as-a-vehicle-for-growth-factor-delivery-various-preparations-and-their-applications-in-bone-tissue-regeneration
#10
REVIEW
Jayachandran Venkatesan, Sukumaran Anil, Se-Kwon Kim, Min Suk Shim
The replacement of conventional autografts and allografts by bone fragments constructed from alternate materials, cells, and molecules (growth factors, drugs, etc.) is an exciting prospect in the field of bone tissue engineering. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is a growth factor that has been extensively studied from this point of view. This review analyzes the relevance of chitosan and its derivatives and composites with various materials such as ceramics, heparin, silica, stem cells, titanium implants, etc...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109773/exploring-polyvinylpyrrolidone-in-the-engineering-of-large-porous-plga-microparticles-via-single-emulsion-method-with-tunable-sustained-release-in-the-lung-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-characterization
#11
Rui Ni, Uwe Muenster, Jing Zhao, Lan Zhang, Eva-Maria Becker-Pelster, Martin Rosenbruch, Shirui Mao
Sustained pulmonary drug delivery is regarded as an effective strategy for local treatment of chronic lung diseases. Despite of the progress made so far, there remains a need for respirable drug loaded porous microparticles, where porosity of the microparticles can be readily engineered during the preparation process, with tunable sustained drug release upon lung deposition. In this work, polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) was used as a novel porogen to engineer PLGA-based large porous particles (LPPs) using single emulsion method, with fine tuning of the porosity, sustained drug release both in vitro and in vivo...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109215/interplay-between-alkyl-chain-asymmetry-and-cholesterol-addition-in-the-rigid-ion-pair-amphiphile-bilayer-systems
#12
Fong-Yin Huang, Chi-Cheng Chiu
Ion pair amphiphile (IPA), a molecular complex composed of a pair of cationic and anionic surfactants, has been proposed as a novel phospholipid substitute. Controlling the physical stability of IPA vesicles is important for its application developments such as cosmetic and drug deliveries. To investigate the effects of IPA alkyl chain combinations and the cholesterol additive on the structural and mechanical properties of IPA vesicular bilayers, we conducted a series of molecular dynamics studies on the hexadecyltrimethylammonium-dodecylsulfate (HTMA-DS) and dodecyltrimethylammonium-hexadecylsulfate (DTMA-HS) IPA bilayers with cholesterol...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108572/use-of-ldl-receptor-targeting-peptide-vectors-for-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-cargo-transport-across-the-blood-brain-barrier
#13
Yves Molino, Marion David, Karine Varini, Françoise Jabès, Nicolas Gaudin, Aude Fortoul, Karima Bakloul, Maxime Masse, Anne Bernard, Lucile Drobecq, Pascaline Lécorché, Jamal Temsamani, Guillaume Jacquot, Michel Khrestchatisky
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) prevents the entry of many drugs into the brain and, thus, is a major obstacle in the treatment of CNS diseases. There is some evidence that the LDL receptor (LDLR) is expressed at the BBB and may participate in the transport of endogenous ligands from blood to brain, a process referred to as receptor-mediated transcytosis. We previously described a family of peptide vectors that were developed to target the LDLR. In the present study, in vitro BBB models that were derived from either wild-type and LDLR knockout animals (ldlr(-/-)) were used to validate the specific LDLR-dependent transcytosis of LDL via a nondegradative route...
January 20, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108361/development-and-characterization-of-new-functionalized-polyurethanes-for-sustained-and-site-specific-drug-release-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#14
María Dolores Campiñez, Elena Benito, Lucía Romero-Azogil, Ángela Aguilar-de-Leyva, María de Gracia García-Martín, Juan Antonio Galbis, Isidoro Caraballo
The main objective of the present paper has been the development and study of two new biodegradable polyurethanes, PU(dithiodiethanol-DTDI) and PU[((i)Pr)Man-DTDI], to be used as sustained matrix forming excipients. Furthermore, their capacity to act as excipient for colon drug delivery systems has been evaluated. Thus, SeDeM diagrams have been obtained to investigate their suitability to be processed through a direct compression process. Matrices containing 10-30% w/w of the polymers and theophylline anhydrous as model drug have been manufactured...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108360/archaeal-lipids-in-oral-delivery-of-therapeutic-peptides
#15
Ann-Christin Jacobsen, Sara M Jensen, Gert Fricker, Martin Brandl, Alexander Treusch
Archaea contain membrane lipids that differ from those found in the other domains of life (Eukarya and Bacteria). These lipids consist of isoprenoid chains attached via ether bonds to the glycerol carbons at the sn-2,3 positions. Two types of ether lipids are known, polar diether lipids and bipolar tetraether lipids. The inherent chemical stability and unique membrane-spanning characteristics of tetraether lipids render them interesting for oral drug delivery purposes. Archaeal lipids form liposomes spontaneously (archaeosomes) and may be incorporated in conventional liposomes (mixed vesicles)...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108325/mononuclear-phagocytes-as-a-target-not-a-barrier-for-drug-delivery
#16
Seok-Beom Yong, Yoonsung Song, Hyung Jin Kim, Qurrat Ul Ain, Yong-Hee Kim
Mononuclear phagocytes have been generally recognized as a barrier to drug delivery. Recently, a new understanding of mononuclear phagocytes (MPS) ontogeny has surfaced and their functions in disease have been unveiled, demonstrating the need for re-evaluation of perspectives on mononuclear phagocytes in drug delivery. In this review, we described mononuclear phagocyte biology and focus on their accumulation mechanisms in disease sites with explanations of monocyte heterogeneity. In the 'MPS as a barrier' section, we summarized recent studies on mechanisms to avoid phagocytosis based on two different biological principles: protein adsorption and self-recognition...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107705/incorporation-of-antimicrobial-peptides-in-nanostructured-lipid-membrane-mimetic-bilayer-cubosomes
#17
Thomas G Meikle, Alexandru Zabara, Lynne J Waddington, Frances Separovic, Calum J Drummond, Charlotte E Conn
The inverse bicontinuous lipidic cubic phase offers a simple and robust membrane mimetic with the ability to encapsulate peptides, potentially increasing bioavailability, while also offering a platform from which functionalized, targeted nanoparticles can be developed. Herein we have investigated the use of a number of cubic phase nanoparticle systems with encapsulated antimicrobial peptides gramicidin A', melittin, and alamethicin. The optimal peptide loading ranges, over which cubic symmetry was retained, were determined using small angle X-ray scattering...
January 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106955/cypate-mediated-thermosensitive-nanoliposome-for-tumor-imaging-and-photothermal-triggered-drug-release
#18
Zhihao Han, Liwei Lv, Yi Ma, Zhaohui Wang, Yuxi Liu, Min Zhang, Siwen Li, Yueqing Gu
It is an emerging focus to explore controlled release drug delivery systems for simultaneous cancer imaging and therapy. Herein, we synthesized a photothermal sensitive multifunctional nano-liposome drug delivery system, with doxorubicin wrapped in the hydropholic layer as the therapeutical agent and cypate doped in the hydrophobic layer as the diagnostic agent. A series of in vitro and in vivo characterization demonstrated the stability of synthesized liposome, as the DL% was 9 ± 1.5 and the EE% was 82.7 ± 2...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106947/3d-bioprinting-and-its-in-vivo-applications
#19
REVIEW
Nhayoung Hong, Gi-Hoon Yang, JaeHwan Lee, GeunHyung Kim
The purpose of 3D bioprinting technology is to design and create functional 3D tissues or organs in situ for in vivo applications. 3D cell-printing, or additive biomanufacturing, allows the selection of biomaterials and cells (bioink), and the fabrication of cell-laden structures in high resolution. 3D cell-printed structures have also been used for applications such as research models, drug delivery and discovery, and toxicology. Recently, numerous attempts have been made to fabricate tissues and organs by using various 3D printing techniques...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106491/effect-of-an-mg132-sustained-drug-delivery-capsular-ring-on-the-inhibition-of-posterior-capsule-opacification-in-a-rabbit-model
#20
Xuan Bao, Min Hou, Yingyan Qin, Furong Luo, Fu Shang, Mingxing Wu
PURPOSE: To design an MG132-sustained drug delivery capsular ring (SDDCR) and investigate its effect on the inhibition of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in a rabbit model. METHODS: The SDDCRs were prepared by forming a slice of film made by the mixture of poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and MG132 on the surface of capsular tension rings (CTRs). The drug-loading capacity, entrapment efficiency, and in vitro release of the drug-containing film were detected...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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