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Min Liu, Qing-Xian Ma, Jian-Bin Luo
20Mn5 steel is widely used in the manufacture of heavy hydro-generator shaft forging due to its strength, toughness, and wear resistance. However, the hot deformation and recrystallization behaviors of 20Mn5 steel compressed under a high temperature were not studied. For this article, hot compression experiments under temperatures of 850-1200 °C and strain rates of 0.01 s-1 -1 s-1 were conducted using a Gleeble-1500D thermo-mechanical simulator. Flow stress-strain curves and microstructure after hot compression were obtained...
March 16, 2018: Materials
Yasuo Hagihara, Takashi Nara
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate differences in the diaphyseal cross-sectional geometry (CSG) of the metatarsal bones (MTs) between two populations with different habitual activities: the Jomon hunter-gatherers and modern Japanese people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the first through fifth MTs of 117 skeleton samples: 59 (33 men and 26 women) were obtained from Late and Final Jomon period archeological sites and 58 (31 men and 27 women) were from modern Japanese people...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Chuang Lyu, Shuwen Wang, Mingxia Sun, Yandong Tang, Jinmei Peng, Zhijun Tian, Xuehui Cai
Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a neurotropic virus with the ability to infect peripheral sensory ganglia. The transport of PRV from the peripheral to the central nervous system can cause lethal encephalitis in young piglets. However, the pathogenicity of PRV in the cerebral cortex remains poorly understood. In the present study, we developed a porcine cerebral cortex primary culture system (PCCS) using cerebral cortex tissue dissected from a 3-day-old piglet to investigate the pathogenicity of wild-type (WT) and US2 deleted (ΔUS2) PRV in the CNS in vitro...
March 14, 2018: Virus Genes
Agraharam Devendra, M Avinash, Dinesh Chidambaram, Jayaramaraju Dheenadhayalan, S Rajasekaran
PURPOSE: The cerclage passer instrument was introduced for aiding percutaneous reduction in spiral femur fractures, thereby overcoming the risk of devascularization of the fracture ends commonly associated with traditional open cerclage wiring techniques. This may, however, predispose to iatrogenic vascular injuries owing to the proximity of the vessels and several other factors. We report four cases with femoral artery (superficial and deep) injuries caused by the cerclage passer in proximal femur and distal femur shaft fractures and incidence of these injuries in our institution...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Jorge Henrique Stefaneli Marques, Yara Teresinha Corrêa Silva-Sousa, Fuad Jacob Abi Rached-Júnior, Luciana Martins Domingues de Macedo, Jardel Francisco Mazzi-Chaves, Josette Camilleri, Manoel Damião Sousa-Neto
The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of different triccalcium silicate cements to retrograde cavity using a push out test. Thirty maxillary central incisors were shaped using #80 hand files and sectioned transversally. Root slices were obtained from the apical 4 mm after eliminating the apical extremity. The specimens were embedded in acrylic resin and positioned at 45° to the horizontal plane for preparation of root-end cavities with a diamond ultrasonic retrotip. The samples were divided into three groups according to the root-end filling material (n = 10): MTA Angelus, ProRoot MTA and Biodentine...
March 8, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Chang-Hua Li, Wen-Liang Chen, Guang-Mao Lin
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors of perioperative heart failure in the elderly patients with femoral shaft fracture by the regression analysis, so as to provide relevant clinical reference. METHODS: From July 2012 to April 2017, 143 elderly patients with femoral shaft fracture who underwent surgical treatment in our hospital were retrospectively studied. Among them, 25 patients with perioperative heart failure included 10 males and 15 females with a mean age of (77...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Julian M M Rogasch, Holger Amthauer, Christian Furth, Patrick Hundsdoerfer, Florian Wedel, Imke Schatka
AIM: According to German guidelines, I-123-MIBG scintigraphy in neuroblastoma (NB) is preferably performed as early (about 4 h p.i.) and late (24 h p.i.) planar imaging and single- photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or SPECT/CT 24 h p.i. This study evaluated if the work-up could be reduced to a single timepoint. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 37 examinations in 26 patients (f:8; m:18; age, 0.5-23.5a) with NB (initial, 15; restaging, 22). All 74 (early + late) pairs of ventral/dorsal planar whole-body images were reviewed by 3 independent readers in random order blinded to clinical data (1, certainly physiological; 2, likely physiological; 3, likely malignant; 4, certainly malignant)...
February 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Jaap D Legemate, Guido M Kamphuis, Jan Erik Freund, Joyce Baard, Stefano P Zanetti, Michele Catellani, Harry W Oussoren, Jean J de la Rosette
BACKGROUND: Flexible ureteroscopy is an established treatment modality for evaluating and treating abnormalities in the upper urinary tract. Reusable ureteroscope (USC) durability is a significant concern. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the durability of the latest generation of digital and fiber optic reusable flexible USCs and the factors affecting it. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Six new flexible USCs from Olympus and Karl Storz were included...
March 10, 2018: European Urology Focus
R J Cong, J F Liu, Y Jiang, Duolikun Dilixiati, X D Hou, L P Zheng
Objective: To explore the influence of the lower extremity abnormal alignment and the joint surface, and to explore the surgical skills. Methods: Twenty-two cases of tibial plateau Schatzker Ⅵ fracture internal fixation failure revision from January 2012 to January 2017 in Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai 10(th) Hospital.One year follow-up after initial surgery to make sure of failure.Three-dimensional CT scan, radiography, infection index, gait analysis, knee joint ROM, femur tibia angle, tibial plateau tibial shaft angle and posterior slope if tibial plateau were observed...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Jana Kisková, Zuzana Perháčová, Ladislav Vlčko, Jana Sedláková, Simona Kvasnová, Peter Pristaš
Although neutral mine drainage is the less frequent subject of the interest than acid mine drainage, it can have adverse environmental effects caused mainly by precipitation of dissolved Fe. The aim of the study was to characterize the composition of bacterial population in environment with high concentration of iron and sulfur compounds represented by neutral mine drainage water of Elizabeth's shaft, Slovinky (Slovakia). Direct microscopic observations, cultivation methods, and 454 pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene amplicons were used to examine the bacterial population...
March 12, 2018: Current Microbiology
Sherif Galal
OBJECTIVES: The best fixation method for open tibial fractures has long been a matter of debate, many studies have recommended the use of intramedullary nails over external fixation for treating such fractures, recent studies also showed favorable results for the use of plates in managing open tibial fractures. However, there are very few (if any) reports in the literature comparing the use of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis to reamed intramedullary nails in the fixation of open tibial fractures...
March 8, 2018: Injury
Susan Mayes, Peter Smith, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVES: Professional ballet dancers may have hip bony morphology that predisposes them to cartilage or labral injury. However, the relationship between bony morphology and pathology has not been investigated in ballet. This study investigates associations between bony morphology, chondrolabral defects and hip pain in ballet dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 33 male and female professional ballet dancers, (mean age 27 years (range 19-39)), completed questionnaires with hip pain measured on a visual analogue scale; and underwent 3...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Hakan Ömeroğlu
This review aims to summarize the basic treatment principles of fractures according to their types and general management principles of special conditions including physeal fractures, multiple fractures, open fractures, and pathologic fractures in children. Definition of the fracture is needed for better understanding the injury mechanism, planning a proper treatment strategy, and estimating the prognosis. As the healing process is less complicated, remodeling capacity is higher and non-union is rare, the fractures in children are commonly treated by non-surgical methods...
April 2018: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Ahmet Emrah Acan, Onur Hapa, Levent Horoz, Aylin Kara, Hasan Havıtçıoğlu
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the effects of anchor positions on the suture holding strength of a double-row knotless fixation in rotator cuff repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different double-row fixation techniques were assessed. In group 1, a 15-mm-wide mattress suture was fixed using a knotless lateral row anchor, horizontal to the shaft. In group 2, the medial sutures were fixed with a 5-mm more lateral anchor that was placed at 45° to the long axis of the humeral shaft...
April 2018: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Murat Oto, İlker Abdullah Sarıkaya, Ozan Ali Erdal, Ali Şeker
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review the efficacy of femoral varus derotation osteotomy (VDRO) and Dega transiliac osteotomy in the treatment of hip subluxation and dislocation of cerebral palsy (CP) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 hips of 22 CP patients (9 males, 13 females; mean age 8.7 years; range 4 to 18 years) who were operated due to hip subluxation and dislocation between July 2010 and December 2015. The mean follow-up period was 36...
April 2018: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
O J Alí-Morell, F Zurita-Ortega, I Davó-Jiménez, S Segura-Biedma
OBJECTIVE: To relate, in non-ambulatory subjects with palsy, Reimers' migration percentage with standardized radiological measurements, including the acetabular-epiphyseal angle. METHOD: Descriptive, observational and transversal study of 15 individuals with cerebral palsy at levels IV and V of the Gross Motor Function Classification System, aged between 3 and 9 years. Radiological measurements of the acetabular index, Hilgenreiner's epiphyseal angle, acetabular-epiphyseal angle, neck-shaft angle and Reimers' migration percentage of each of the hips were performed...
March 6, 2018: Radiología
Chengbin He, Shuxin Wang, Siyang Zuo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Robotic-assisted endovascular intervention surgery has attracted significant attention and interest in recent years. However, limited designs have focused on the variable stiffness mechanism of the catheter shaft. Flexible catheter needs to be partially switched to a rigid state that can hold its shape against external force to achieve a stable and effective insertion procedure. Furthermore, driving catheter in a similar way with manual procedures has the potential to make full use of the extensive experience from conventional catheter navigation...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Isidro Jiménez, Pedro J Delgado
Proximal radioulnar synostosis is a rare but highly disabling posttraumatic complication in periarticular elbow injuries. Surgical treatment is an option for functionally limiting proximal radioulnar synostosis; however, the approach can endanger local neurovascular structures, especially if the synostosis affects the level of the bicipital tuberosity. We report two cases of proximal radioulnar synostosis with a preoperative prono-supination range of motion of 0° and 15° treated by a reverse Sauvé-Kapandji procedure resecting a 1-cm section of the radial shaft distal to the bicipital tuberosity and leaving the synostosis in place...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
C Z Esenyel, I Kalkar, M Adaş, S S Dedeoğlu, C D Büyükkurt, H Cabuk, A E Esenyel
Objective: To evaluate the functional and radiological results of patients with and without medial calcar continuity in plate osteosynthesis applied for a proximal humerus fracture retrospectively. Methods: The study included 27 patients to whom plate osteosynthesis was applied because of a proximal humerus fracture between January 2, 2010, and December 30, 2013, at Okmeydanı Research and Training Hospital. Patients were separated into Group A with medial calcar continuity and Group B without medial calcar continuity...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Wei Huang, Kun Zhang, Yangjun Zhu, Zhan Wang, Zijun Li, Jun Zhang
A non-union, especially atrophic non-unions, is a permanent failure of healing following a fracture and can be difficult to treat. Approximately 5-10% of fractures will result in a non-union during the healing process. non-unions can be classified into two types: atrophic non-union which is often due to impaired bone healing with a potential biological mechanism, and hypertrophic non-union which is due to inadequate fixation after fracture. Genetic variations also play an important role in the fracture healing response...
2018: PloS One
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