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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035872/a-review-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-training-in-medical-education
#1
REVIEW
Sarah L Silverberg, Vanessa E Zannella, Drew Countryman, Ana Patricia Ayala, Erica Lenton, Farah Friesen, Marcus Law
Objectives: We reviewed the published literature on antimicrobial stewardship training in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education to determine which interventions have been implemented, the extent to which they have been evaluated, and to understand which are most effective. Methods: We searched Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to December 2016. Four thousand three hundred eighty-five (4385) articles were identified and underwent title and abstract review...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034694/on-being-supervised-getting-value-from-a-clinical-supervisor-and-making-the-relationship-work-when-it-is-not
#2
Stephen Parker, Shuichi Suetani, Balaji Motamarri
OBJECTIVE: The importance of clinical supervision is emphasised in psychiatric training programs. Despite this, the purpose and processes of supervision are often poorly defined. There is limited guidance available for trainees about their role in making supervision work. This paper considers the nature of supervision in psychiatric training and provides practical advice to help supervisees take active steps to make supervision work. CONCLUSIONS: In obtaining value from supervision, the active role of the supervisee in seeking feedback, finding value in criticism and building autonomy is emphasised...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034225/the-perception-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-heart-model-from-the-perspective-of-different-stakeholders-a-complex-case-of-truncus-arteriosus
#3
Giovanni Biglino, Sarah Moharem-Elgamal, Matthew Lee, Robert Tulloh, Massimo Caputo
The case of an 11-year-old male patient with truncus arteriosus is presented. The patient has a right aortic arch, a repaired truncus arteriosus, pulmonary artery stenosis, as well as conduit stenosis, with a complex surgical plan being discussed. In order to gather additional insight into the patient's anatomy prior to the surgery and to facilitate communication with the patient's parents, a three-dimensional (3D) model of his heart and main vessels was created from computed tomography data. Feedback was collected from different stakeholders...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017667/supervisors-perspective-on-electronic-logbook-system-for-postgraduate-medical-residents-of-cpsp
#4
Khalid Masood Gondal, Uzma Iqbal, Arslan Ahmed, Junaid Sarfraz Khan
OBJECTIVE: To find out the perspective of the supervisors about the role of electronic logbook (E-Logbook) of College of Physicians and Surgeons, Pakistan (CPSP) in monitoring the training of postgraduate medical residents of CPSP. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP), Karachi, from May to October 2015. METHODOLOGY: An electronic computer-based questionnaire designed in Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) language was distributed to the registered CPSPsupervisors through the e-log system...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994768/using-virtual-reality-to-transfer-motor-skill-knowledge-from-one-hand-to-another
#5
Ori Ossmy, Roy Mukamel
As far as acquiring motor skills is concerned, training by voluntary physical movement is superior to all other forms of training (e.g. training by observation or passive movement of trainee's hands by a robotic device). This obviously presents a major challenge in the rehabilitation of a paretic limb since voluntary control of physical movement is limited. Here, we describe a novel training scheme we have developed that has the potential to circumvent this major challenge. We exploited the voluntary control of one hand and provided real-time movement-based manipulated sensory feedback as if the other hand is moving...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988460/toolbox-of-assessment-tools-of-technical-skills-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Mathilde Labbé, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To support the development of programs of assessment of technical skills in the operating room (OR), we systematically reviewed the literature to identify assessment tools specific to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS) core procedures and summarized their characteristics. METHODS: We systematically searched Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane to identify and report on assessment tools that can be used to assess residents' technical surgical skills in the operating room for OTL-HNS core procedures...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967423/implementation-of-a-novel-portfolio-of-structured-curriculum-aligned-simulation-based-cardiothoracic-surgery-training-courses-evolving-the-delivery-of-surgical-education
#7
Narain Moorjani, Michael Lewis, Rajesh Shah, Sion Barnard, Tim Graham, Sridhar Rathinam
OBJECTIVE: The provision of high-quality cardiothoracic surgical training faces many challenges. This has generated an increased interest in simulation-based learning, which can provide a less stressful environment for deliberate practice. We developed a comprehensive, structured program of knowledge and simulation-based learning aligned to the official cardiothoracic surgery curriculum. METHODS: A portfolio of 10 curriculum-aligned training courses was designed for cardiothoracic surgical trainees during their 6-year training program...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959777/improving-mrcp-paces-pass-rates-through-the-introduction-of-a-regional-multifaceted-support-framework
#8
Richard Jerrom, Tayeba Roper, Narasimha Murthy
INTRODUCTION: Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills (PACES) constitutes the final part of the mandatory Royal College of Physicians exam series for progression to higher specialty training. Pass rates were lower for core medical trainees (CMTs) in Coventry and Warwickshire in comparison to other regions within the West Midlands and nationally. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to improve pass rates in the region through the introduction of a stimulating and supportive teaching framework, designed to enhance the quality and frequency of PACES teaching...
2017: BMJ Open Qual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945617/randomized-controlled-trial-of-self-directed-versus-in-classroom-education-of-narrow-band-imaging-in-diagnosing-colorectal-polyps-using-the-nice-criteria
#9
James E Allen, Prashanth Vennalaganti, Neil Gupta, Benjamin Hornung, Abhishek Choudhary, Mohammad Titi, Benjamin R Alsop, Diego Lim, Prateek Sharma
BACKGROUND: The optimal method for teaching NBI International Colorectal Endoscopic (NICE) criteria to medical trainees is unknown. METHODS: Trainees (medical students, residents, and gastroenterology fellows) were randomized to 2 groups (in-classroom vs. self-directed training). Teaching phase: A standardized presentation was developed about narrow band imaging (NBI) and NICE criteria. The in-class teaching group attended a single live-teaching session (with NBI expert)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936423/development-and-evaluation-of-a-wheelchair-service-provision-training-of-trainers-programme
#10
Sara Munera, Mary Goldberg, Krithika Kandavel, Jonathan Pearlman
BACKGROUND: In many countries, availability of basic training and continued professional development programmes in wheelchair services is limited. Therefore, many health professionals lack access to formal training opportunities and new approaches to improve wheelchair service provision. To address this need, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the WHO Wheelchair Service Training of Trainers Programme (WSTPt), aiming to increase the number of trainers who are well prepared to deliver the WHO Wheelchair Service Training Packages...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927385/frontline-learning-of-medical-teaching-you-pick-up-as-you-go-through-work-and-practice
#11
W Hartford, L Nimmon, T Stenfors
BACKGROUND: Few medical teachers have received formal teaching education. Along with individual and organizational barriers to participation in teacher training programs, increasing numbers and altered distribution of physicians away from major teaching centers have increased the difficulty of attendance. Furthermore, it is not known if traditional faculty development formats are the optimal learning options given findings from existing studies document both positive and negative outcomes...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893142/a-simulation-and-video-based-training-program-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences
#12
Frances K Wen, Julie E Miller-Cribbs, Kim A Coon, Martina J Jelley, Kristin A Foulks-Rodriguez
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are 10 categories of childhood abuse and maltreatment, which have a dose-response relationship with common adult health concerns seen in primary care including health risk behaviors, chronic disease, and mental illness. Many of the ACEs-associated biopsychosocial risk factors are modifiable. However, physicians may not address these issues for fear of opening "Pandora's Box", that is, a source of extensive problems for which they are not sufficiently prepared with training, resources, or time...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864265/effect-of-continuous-motion-parameter-feedback-on-laparoscopic-simulation-training-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-on-skill-acquisition-and-retention
#13
Julian Frederik Buescher, Anne-Sophie Mehdorn, Philipp-Alexander Neumann, Felix Becker, Ann-Kathrin Eichelmann, Ulrich Pankratius, Ralf Bahde, Daniel Foell, Norbert Senninger, Emile Rijcken
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of motion parameter feedback on laparoscopic basic skill acquisition and retention during a standardized box training curriculum. DESIGN: A Lap-X Hybrid laparoscopic simulator was designed to provide individual and continuous motion parameter feedback in a dry box trainer setting. In a prospective controlled trial, surgical novices were randomized into 2 groups (regular box group, n = 18, and Hybrid group, n = 18) to undergo an identical 5-day training program...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843959/team-a-low-cost-alternative-to-atls-for-providing-trauma-care-teaching-in-haiti
#14
Anton Kurdin, Andrew Caines, Darrell Boone, Andrew Furey
OBJECTIVE: Trauma resuscitation protocols have unified the care of trauma patients and significantly improved outcomes. However, the success of the Advanced Trauma Life Support course is difficult to reproduce in developing countries due to set-up costs, limitations of resources, and variations of practice. The objective of this study is to assess the Trauma Evaluation and Management (TEAM) course as a low-cost alternative for trauma resuscitation teaching in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841677/development-and-evaluation-of-a-training-workshop-for-lay-health-promoters-to-implement-a-community-based-intervention-program-in-a-public-low-rent-housing-estate-the-learning-families-project-in-hong-kong
#15
Agnes Y Lai, Sunita M Stewart, Alice Wan, Helen Fok, Hebe Y W Lai, Tai-Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
This paper presents the development and evaluation of the train-the-trainer (TTT) workshop for lay resident leaders to be lay health promoters. The TTT workshop aimed to prepare the trainees to implement and/or assist in conducting a series of community-based family well-being activities for the residents in a public low rent housing estate, entitled "Learning Families Project", under the FAMILY project. The four-hour TTT workshop was conducted for 32 trainees (72% women, 43% aged ≥ 60, 41% ≤ elementary school education)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840360/minimizing-barriers-in-learning-for-on-call-radiology-residents-end-to-end-web-based-resident-feedback-system
#16
Hailey H Choi, Jennifer Clark, Ann K Jay, Ross W Filice
Feedback is an essential part of medical training, where trainees are provided with information regarding their performance and further directions for improvement. In diagnostic radiology, feedback entails a detailed review of the differences between the residents' preliminary interpretation and the attendings' final interpretation of imaging studies. While the on-call experience of independently interpreting complex cases is important to resident education, the more traditional synchronous "read-out" or joint review is impossible due to multiple constraints...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838833/using-gopro-to-give-video-assisted-operative-feedback-for-surgery-residents-a-feasibility-and-utility-assessment
#17
Maureen D Moore, Jonathan S Abelson, Paul O'Mahoney, Iskander Bagautdinov, Heather Yeo, Anthony C Watkins
OBJECTIVE: As an adjunct to simulation-based teaching, laparoscopic video-based surgical coaching has been an effective tool to augment surgical education. However, the wide use of video review in open surgery has been limited primarily due to technological and logistical challenges. The aims of our study were to (1) evaluate perceptions of general surgery (GS) residents on video-assisted operative instruction and (2) conduct a pilot study using a head-mounted GoPro in conjunction with the operative performance rating system to assess feasibility of providing video review to enhance operative feedback during open procedures...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833426/-playing-the-game-how-do-surgical-trainees-seek-feedback-using-workplace-based-assessment
#18
Anne Gaunt, Abhilasha Patel, Victoria Rusius, T James Royle, Deborah H Markham, Teresa Pawlikowska
OBJECTIVES: Although trainees and trainers find feedback interactions beneficial, difficulties in giving and receiving feedback are reported. Few studies have explored what drives trainees to seek feedback. This study explores how workplace-based assessments (WBAs) influence the ways surgical trainees seek feedback and feedback interactions. METHODS: Utilising a template analysis approach, we conducted 10 focus groups with 42 surgical trainees from four regions across the UK...
September 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831350/intimal-surface-suture-line-end-product-assessment-of-end-to-side-microvascular-anastomosis
#19
Georgios Pafitanis, Damjan Veljanoski, Ali M Ghanem, Simon Myers
Microsurgery simulation courses increasingly use assessment methodologies to evaluate the quality of microvascular anastomosis and to provide constructive feedback in competency-based training. Assessment tools evaluating the "journey" of skill acquisition in anastomosis have evolved, including global rating scores, hand motion analysis, and evaluation of the final outcome, that is, "end-product" assessment. Anastomotic patency is the gold standard end-product in clinical microvascular surgery, and in vivo end-to-side anastomosis, which can be confirmed using the Acland-test...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827266/assessing-residents-knowledge-of-patient-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-large-academic-medical-centre
#20
Diana E Stewart, Bich N Dang, Barbara Trautner, Cecilia Cai, Sergio Torres, Teri Turner
OBJECTIVES: Patient satisfaction impacts healthcare quality and outcomes. Residents play an important role in patient satisfaction at academic institutions. This study aims to assess residents' patient satisfaction knowledge and determine which learning experiences contributed to their knowledge acquisition. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a health science university in a large, urban, tertiary-care academic medical centre in the USA. PARTICIPANTS: All residents from internal medicine (n=185) and paediatrics (n=156) were asked to participate...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
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