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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242518/what-is-a-regional-trainee-representative-a-personal-perspective-of-a-pilot-role-within-the-east-midlands
#1
F O'Leary
Dental trainees have an important role to play in quality assuring training programmes. Local education and training boards (LETBs) actively encourage trainee engagement through structured feedback, which acts as a valuable source of critical appraisal. This is designed to support the structure of training programmes and influences its quality and content. In 2014, East Midlands LETB appointed a regional trainee representative to collate, present and promote dental foundation and core trainee issues to the Dental School Board, as well as highlight their accomplishments and achievements...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240456/trainees-perceptions-of-feedback-validity-evidence-for-two-feedme-feedback-in-medical-education-instruments
#2
Robert Bing-You, Saradha Ramesh, Victoria Hayes, Kalli Varaklis, Denham Ward, Maria Blanco
Construct: Medical educators consider feedback a core component of the educational process. Effective feedback allows learners to acquire new skills, knowledge, and attitudes. Learners' perceptions of feedback are an important aspect to assess with valid methods in order to improve the feedback skills of educators and the feedback culture. BACKGROUND: Although guidelines for delivering effective feedback have existed for several decades, medical students and residents often indicate that they receive little feedback...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226225/the-use-of-a-portfolio-in-postgraduate-medical-education-reflect-assess-and-account-one-for-each-or-all-in-one
#3
Sylvia Heeneman, Erik W Driessen
Competency-based education has become central to the training and assessment of post-graduate medical trainees or residents [1]. In competency-based education, there is a strong focus on outcomes and professional performance. Typically, holistic tasks are used to train, practice and assess the defined outcomes or competencies. In residency training, these tasks are part of the day-to-day clinical practice. The performance of residents in the workplace needs to be captured and stored. A portfolio has been used as an instrument for storage and collection of workplace-based assessment and feedback in various countries, like the Netherlands and the United States...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226047/a-preliminary-investigation-of-general-and-technique-specific-assessments-for-the-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-technical-skills
#4
Ashley Vergis, Sarah Steigerwald
Background  Both general and technique-specific assessments of technical skill have been validated in surgical education. The purpose of this study was to assess the correlation between the objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) and the global operative assessment of laparoscopic skills (GOALS) rating scales using a high-fidelity porcine laparoscopic cholecystectomy model. Methods Post-graduate year-one general surgery and urology residents (n=14) performed a live laparoscopic porcine cholecystectomy...
October 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208032/junior-rounds-an-educational-initiative-to-improve-role-transitions-for-junior-residents
#5
Richard Dunbar-Yaffe, Wayne L Gold, Peter E Wu
OBJECTIVE: At our institution, Morning Report focuses mostly on diagnostic reasoning. This makes it a challenge for first-year residents to learn to manage common on-call emergencies, such as hyperkalemia. We sought to improve their preparedness for the transitions they would encounter: from medical student to physician at the beginning of the academic year, and from junior resident to senior resident toward the end. In response to feedback, we developed the Junior Rounds curriculum: a weekly session focused on the approach to commonly encountered on-call emergencies and internal medicine referrals...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202742/milestones-based-direct-observation-tools-in-internal-medicine-resident-continuity-clinic
#6
Jonathan P B Berz, Teresa Cheng, Lisa M Quintiliani
BACKGROUND: With milestones-based assessment, there is an increased need for tools to facilitate direct observation of clinical trainees. This study was designed to compare a Mini-CEX tool to new direct observation tools (DOTs) linked to internal medicine milestones. METHODS: A web based survey was used to examine satisfaction and usefulness of DOTs compared to the Mini-CEX. Residents and preceptors were surveyed three times over 6 months with half serving as control (using mini-CEX) compared to those using the DOTs...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202076/a-globally-networked-hybrid-approach-to-public-health-capacity-training-for-maternal-health-professionals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Scott McIntosh, José G Pérez-Ramos, Tamala David, Margaret M Demment, Esteban Avendaño, Deborah J Ossip, Timothy De Ver Dye
Background: MundoComm is a current NIH-funded project for sustainable public health capacity building in community engagement and technological advances aimed at improving maternal health issues. Two to four teams are selected annually, each consisting of three healthcare professionals and one technical person from specific low and middle income countries (LMICs) including Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, and other LMICs. MundoComm is a course with three parts: in-person workshops, online modules, and mentored community engagement development...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196854/fourteen-years-of-progress-testing-in-radiology-residency-training-experiences-from-the-netherlands
#8
D R Rutgers, F van Raamt, W van Lankeren, C J Ravesloot, A van der Gijp, Th J Ten Cate, J P J van Schaik
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of the Dutch Radiology Progress Test (DRPT) for knowledge testing in radiology residency training in The Netherlands from its start in 2003 up to 2016. METHODS: We reviewed all DRPTs conducted since 2003. We assessed key changes and events in the test throughout the years, as well as resident participation and dispensation for the DRPT, test reliability and discriminative power of test items. RESULTS: The DRPT has been conducted semi-annually since 2003, except for 2015 when one digital DRPT failed...
December 1, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188739/factors-influencing-the-educational-impact-of-mini-cex-and-dops-a-qualitative-synthesis
#9
Andrea C Lörwald, Felicitas-Maria Lahner, Robert Greif, Christoph Berendonk, John Norcini, Sören Huwendiek
INTRODUCTION: The educational impact of Mini-CEX and DOPS varies greatly and can be influenced by several factors. However, there is no comprehensive analysis and synthesis of the described influencing factors. METHODS: To fill this gap, we chose a two-step approach. First, we performed a systematic literature review and selected articles describing influencing factors on the educational impact of Mini-CEX and DOPS. Second, we performed a qualitative synthesis of these factors...
November 30, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174856/the-child-neurology-trainee-as-teacher-a-clinical-teaching-curriculum-tailored-to-learners-needs-and-developmental-roles
#10
Miya E Bernson-Leung, David K Urion
BACKGROUND: Clinical teaching skills programs for resident physicians are increasingly offered. Less attention has been devoted to the unique educational roles of specialty residents and subspecialty fellows, many of whom will become academic faculty physicians. These teaching roles, and therefore a trainee's learning needs and motivation, also change over the course of training. METHODS: We designed and implemented a two-year longitudinal teaching curriculum for child neurology and neurodevelopmental disabilities residents using adult learning theory principles: experiential learning and immediate applicability to specific roles...
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174008/-the-use-of-the-debriefing-assessment-for-simulation-in-healthcare-dash-in-a-simulation-based-team-learning-program-for-newborn-resuscitation-in-the-delivery-room
#11
C Durand, T Secheresse, M Leconte
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of the Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare (DASH, Centre for Medical Simulation, Harvard) in a high-fidelity simulation in situ program used for newborn resuscitation training. METHODS: The DASH was scored by trainees and instructors at the end of the session. The instructors' feedback and opinions were collected. RESULTS: The study included 16 training sessions (ten maternity units) with 156 trainees and ten instructors (45 DASH)...
November 21, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170352/55%C3%A2-mini-sim-innovative-bite-sized-simulation-teaching-in-a-busy-children-s-emergency-department
#12
Rachel Sunley, Karen Moloney, Jessica Parker, Christopher Arrowsmith, Kirsty Brown, Alex Wilson
: Emergency Medicine requires a highly skilled workforce who are passionate about delivering excellent patient care. Shift patterns linked with the ever increasing numbers of patients who attend Emergency Departments puts strain on educating the workforce and fostering team togetherness.Our objective in devising and instigating the 'Mini Sim' programme was to embed regular in-situ simulation training to enhance the learning of all staff within our Emergency Department team, building a highly trained workforce to deliver excellent care within the remit of our busy department...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169822/faculty-feedback-versus-residents-self-assessment-of-operative-performance-different-but-complementary
#13
Nathan Tanoue, Lev N Korovin, Melissa Carton, Carlos A Galvani, Iman Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Surgical training requires development of both technical and cognitive skills. The study analyzed feedback by faculty and residents' self-assessments during a laparoscopic training course to identify structure of feedback in this context and compared the focus of trainees to faculty. METHODS: This study collected assessments by surgical residents and faculty during an intensive laparoscopic training course at a single institution. The residents' operative performance was assessed using validated assessment tools including free text feedback...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145745/recruitment-of-underrepresented-minority-researchers-into-hiv-prevention-research-the-hiv-prevention-trials-network-hptn-scholars-program
#14
Sten H Vermund, Erica L Hamilton, Sam Griffith, Larissa Jennings, Typhanye V Dyer, Kenneth H Mayer, Darrell P Wheeler
Most US investigators in the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) have been of majority race/ethnicity and sexual orientation. Research participants, in contrast, have been disproportionately from racial/ethnic minorities and men who have sex with men (MSM), reflecting the US epidemic. We initiated and subsequently evaluated the HPTN Scholars Program that mentors early career investigators from underrepresented minority groups. Scholars were affiliated with the HPTN for 12-18 months, mentored by a senior researcher to analyze HPTN study data...
November 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118100/-difficult-conversations-evaluation-of-multiprofessional-training
#15
Lisa Jane Brighton, Lucy Ellen Selman, Nicholas Gough, J J Nadicksbernd, Katherine Bristowe, Catherine Millington-Sanders, Jonathan Koffman
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based communication skills training for health and social care professionals is essential to improve the care of seriously ill patients and their families. We aimed to evaluate the self-reported impact of 'Difficult Conversations', a multidisciplinary half-day interactive workshop, and gain feedback to inform future development and evaluation. METHODS: Service evaluation using questionnaire data collected before and immediately after workshops from February 2015 to August 2016 regarding participant self-assessed confidence, knowledge and skills...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117091/the-application-of-observational-practice-and-educational-networking-in-simulation-based-and-distributed-medical-education-contexts
#16
Arthur Welsher, David Rojas, Zain Khan, Laura VanderBeek, Bill Kapralos, Lawrence E M Grierson
INTRODUCTION: Research has revealed that individuals can improve technical skill performance by viewing demonstrations modeled by either expert or novice performers. These findings support the development of video-based observational practice communities that augment simulation-based skill education and connect geographically distributed learners. This study explores the experimental replicability of the observational learning effect when demonstrations are sampled from a community of distributed learners and serves as a context for understanding learner experiences within this type of training protocol...
November 8, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115184/evaluation-of-augmented-reality-feedback-in-surgical-training-environment
#17
Mohsen Zahiri, Carl A Nelson, Dmitry Oleynikov, Ka-Chun Siu
Providing computer-based laparoscopic surgical training has several advantages that enhance the training process. Self-evaluation and real-time performance feedback are 2 of these advantages, which avoid dependency of trainees on expert feedback. The goal of this study was to investigate the use of a visual time indicator as real-time feedback correlated with the laparoscopic surgical training. Twenty novices participated in this study working with (and without) different presentations of time indicators. They performed a standard peg transfer task, and their completion times and muscle activity were recorded and compared...
November 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114343/the-canada-guyana-medical-education-partnership-using-videoconferencing-to-supplement-post-graduate-medical-education-among-internal-medicine-trainees
#18
William Stokes, Shannon Ruzycki, Ramdeo Jainarine, Debra Isaac, Joanna Cole
Background: A Guyana-based, internal medicine (IM) post-graduate medical education program was established in 2013. However, lack of formal teaching sessions are barriers to the program's success. Objective: To describe the partnership between the University of Calgary and the University of Guyana's internal medicine residency programs (IMRP). This partnership was created to support the Guyana's IM academic half-day and is characterized by mutually beneficial, resident-led videoconference teaching sessions...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100919/identifying-nontechnical-skill-deficits-in-trainees-through-interdisciplinary-trauma-simulation
#19
Sarah Sullivan, Krystle Campbell, Joshua C Ross, Ryan Thompson, Alyson Underwood, Anne LeGare, Ingie Osman, Suresh K Agarwal, Hee Soo Jung
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate nontechnical skills in a simulated trauma setting both before and after a debriefing session in order to better understand areas to target for the development of educational interventions. DESIGN: Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare scores on the 5 domains of the T-NOTECHS pre- and postdebriefings. A qualitative analysis using the PEARLS debriefing framework was performed to provide a rich description of the strategies used by the debriefing facilitators...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099299/perfusion-based-human-cadaveric-specimen-as-a-simulation-training-model-in-repairing-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks-during-endoscopic-endonasal-skull-base-surgery
#20
Eisha A Christian, Joshua Bakhsheshian, Ben A Strickland, Vance L Fredrickson, Ian A Buchanan, Martin H Pham, Andrew Cervantes, Michael Minneti, Bozena B Wrobel, Steven Giannotta, Gabriel Zada
OBJECTIVE Competency in endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) to repair high-flow cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks is an essential component of the neurosurgical training process. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of a simulation model for EEA repair of anterior skull base CSF leaks. METHODS Human cadaveric specimens were utilized with a perfusion system to simulate a high-flow CSF leak. Neurological surgery residents (postgraduate year 3 or greater) performed a standard EEA to repair a CSF leak using a combination of fat, fascia lata, and pedicled nasoseptal flaps...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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