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Salpingectomy ovarian cancer

Gillian Elizabeth Hanley, Jessica Nell McAlpine, Celeste Leigh Pearce, Dianne Miller
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death due to gynecologic malignancy and the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths in developed countries. Recent evidence has indicated that the most common and lethal form of ovarian cancer originates in the distal fallopian tube, and recommendations for surgical removal of the fallopian tube (bilateral salpingectomy) at the time of other gynecologic surgeries (particularly hysterectomy and tubal sterilization) have been made, most recently by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Roberta Venturella, Daniela Lico, Massimo Borelli, Maria G Imbrogno, Gabriele Cevenini, Errico Zupi, Fulvio Zullo, Michele Morelli
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Preliminary data on the effects of prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy (PBS) show that postoperative ovarian function is preserved up to 3 months after surgery. The confirmation of PBS safety on ovarian function even many years after surgery is essential to reassure the medical community that this new strategy, recently proposed for the prevention of ovarian cancer, is at least able to avoid the risk of premature surgical menopause. We investigated whether the addition of PBS during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) causes long-term effects on ovarian function...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Alicja Ziętek, Michał Bogusiewicz, Justyna Szumiło, Tomasz Rechberger
Ovarian cancer is the most malignant and aggressive gynecological cancer. Due to nonspecific symptoms in the early stage and a lack of effective screening methods, it is typically diagnosed at an advanced stage. The high-grade serous cancer (HGSC) represents 75% of all ovarian cancers and accounts for the majority of deaths. Contemporary thought suggests that precursor lesions of HGSC originate in the fallopian tube. The presumed precursor tubal lesion, localized at the fimbrial end of the fallopian tubes, is termed the serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC)...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
G Chene, B de Rochambeau, K Le Bail-Carval, E Beaufils, P Chabert, G Mellier, G Lamblin
OBJECTIVES: Since the recent evidence of a tubal origin of most ovarian cancers, opportunistic salpingectomy could be discussed as a prophylactic strategy in the general population and with hereditary predisposition. We aimed to survey French gynecological surgeons about their current surgical practice of prophylactic salpingectomy. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was sent to French obstetrician-gynaecologists and gynecological surgeons. There were 13 questions about their current clinical practice and techniques of salpingectomy during a benign hysterectomy or as a tubal sterilization method, salpingectomy versus salpingo-oophorectomy in the population with genetic risk, salpingectomy in relationship with endometriosis and questions including histopathological considerations...
July 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
Naoyo Nishida, Fumihiro Murakami, Koichi Higaki
The frequency of ovarian cancers in Japan has increased; however, doubts have been raised concerning the mechanism by which high-grade serous adenocarcinomas (HGSCs) arise. Conventionally, HGSC is thought to originate from the ovarian surface epithelium or epithelial inclusion cyst. However, recent data indicate that HGSCs may in fact develop from precursor lesions in the fallopian tube, including epithelia with a p53 signature, serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs), secretory cell outgrowths (SCOUTs), and tubal intraepithelial lesions in transition (TILT)...
June 2016: Pathology International
Rachel B Danis, Carl R Della Badia, Scott D Richard
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There has recently been an expansion in the use of bilateral salpingectomy at the time of sterilization to theoretically decrease ovarian cancer risk. We sought to determine if postpartum salpingectomy is equivalent to postpartum bilateral tubal ligation (BTL) in terms of duration, estimated blood loss (EBL), and complication rate. DESIGN: A retrospective case series (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2). SETTING: An academic inner-city hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Sophia H L George, Ruslan Garcia, Brian M Slomovitz
High-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is the most common and aggressive histotype of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and it is the predominant histotype associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC). Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 are responsible for most of the known causes of HBOC, while mutations in mismatch repair genes and several genes of moderate penetrance are responsible for the remaining known hereditary risk. Women with a history of familial ovarian cancer or with known germline mutations in highly penetrant genes are offered the option of risk-reducing surgery that involves the removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes (salpingo-oophorectomy)...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
Marline G Harmsen, Joanna IntHout, Marieke Arts-de Jong, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge, Leon F A G Massuger, Rosella P M G Hermens, Joanne A de Hullu
OBJECTIVE: To estimate BRCA1/2 mutation carriers' cumulative ovarian cancer risks after risk-reducing salpingectomy at various ages with delayed oophorectomy several years later compared with risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. METHODS: A literature search was performed on cumulative ovarian cancer risks and effects of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy and salpingectomy. Results were used in a modeling study to estimate cumulative ovarian cancer risks for various scenarios of salpingectomy with delayed oophorectomy and risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy using Cox proportional hazard models...
June 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tianmin Xu, Shuying Wu, Rulin Yang, Liping Zhao, Mingxing Sui, Manhua Cui, Weiqin Chang
Cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma (CDL), also termed Sternberg tumor, is a variant of uterine leiomyoma that is rarely diagnosed by clinical evaluation. At present, ~43 cases of CDL have been reported in the literature written in the English language. Due to the distinctive grapelike gross appearance of an exophytic mass resembles placental tissue, CDL is often misdiagnosed clinically as an ovarian tumor or uterine sarcoma. Therefore, an awareness of the features of the disease is important to prevent misdiagnosis and overtreatment...
April 2016: Oncology Letters
Casey L Swanson, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez
In women at increased risk of developing ovarian cancer, risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is the only intervention that has been shown to decrease mortality from ovarian cancer and is the standard of care for risk reduction. Prophylactic salpingectomy with delayed oophorectomy should be considered in high-risk premenopausal women in the setting of a clinical trial.
May 2016: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Keith Y Terada, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Bruce Kessel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of previous gynecologic surgery, hormone use, and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the risk of type 1 and type 2 ovarian cancer. METHODS: We utilized data collected for the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian cancer screening trial. All diagnosed ovarian cancers were divided into three groups: type 1, endometrioid, clear cell, mucinous, low grade serous, and low grade adenocarcinoma/not otherwise specified (NOS); type 2, high grade serous, undifferentiated, carcinosarcoma, and high grade adenocarcinoma/NOS; and other: adenocarcinoma with grade or histology not specified, borderline tumors, granulosa cell tumors...
May 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Xiao Xu, Vrunda Bhavsar Desai
OBJECTIVE: To examine hospital variation in the practice of bilateral salpingectomy with ovarian conservation at the time of benign hysterectomy. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the 2012 National Inpatient Sample. We identified hospitalizations for benign, nonobstetric hysterectomy in adult women and excluded women who had elevated risk for ovarian cancer or a subsequent operation of the ovary. Of the remaining sample, we calculated the rate of bilateral salpingectomy with ovarian conservation for each hospital and conducted multivariable regression analysis to identify factors associated with a hospital's practice of this procedure...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mahmoud F Fathalla
Ovarian cancer is a silent killer. There is a need to intensify research efforts on prevention strategies. The causative role of incessant ovulation has been supported by the protective effect of oral hormonal contraceptives. The released follicular fluid in the process of ovulation bathes not only the surface of the ovary but also the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube. Evidence has been accumulating about a fimbrial tubal origin for ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma, and for the potential of opportunistic or elective salpingectomy as an intervention strategy...
March 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Mary B Daly, Robert Pilarski, Jennifer E Axilbund, Michael Berry, Saundra S Buys, Beth Crawford, Meagan Farmer, Susan Friedman, Judy E Garber, Seema Khan, Catherine Klein, Wendy Kohlmann, Allison Kurian, Jennifer K Litton, Lisa Madlensky, P Kelly Marcom, Sofia D Merajver, Kenneth Offit, Tuya Pal, Huma Rana, Gwen Reiser, Mark E Robson, Kristen Mahoney Shannon, Elizabeth Swisher, Nicoleta C Voian, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Alison Whelan, Myra J Wick, Georgia L Wiesner, Mary Dwyer, Rashmi Kumar, Susan Darlow
The NCCN Guidelines for Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian provide recommendations for genetic testing and counseling and risk assessment and management for hereditary cancer syndromes. Guidelines focus on syndromes associated with an increased risk of breast and/or ovarian cancer and are intended to assist with clinical and shared decision-making. These NCCN Guidelines Insights summarize major discussion points of the 2015 NCCN Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian panel meeting...
February 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Sean Kehoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ranjit Manchanda, Usha Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Sang-Hee Yoon, Soo-Nyung Kim, Seung-Hyuk Shim, Soon-Beum Kang, Sun-Joo Lee
BACKGROUND: The results of recent studies have suggested that high-grade serous ovarian cancer predominantly arises within the fallopian tubes. The reduction of ovarian cancer (OC) risk in women with a history of bilateral salpingectomy (BS) has been reported. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the impact of BS in preventing OC in the general population. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases and CENTRAL in the Cochrane Library for all English-language articles published up to January 2015, using the key words 'ovarian cancer' and 'bilateral salpingectomy...
March 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Supuni Kapurubandara, Victoria Qin, Divya Gurram, Anbu Anpalagan, Harry Merkur, Russell Hogg, Alison Brand
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence supports the fallopian tube as the site of origin for many pelvic serous cancers (PSC) including epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC). As a result, a change in practice with opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy (OBS) at the time of hysterectomy has been advocated as a preventative strategy for PSC in a low-risk population. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess current clinical practice in Australia with respect to OBS during gynaecological surgery for benign indications...
December 2015: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
M Reyes Oliver Perez, Javier Magriñá, Alvaro Tejerizo García, Jesus Salvador Jiménez Lopez
At present, there is no effective screening of ovarian cancer. Primary prevention may be the only strategy to decrease the mortality from ovarian cancer, not only in women at high risk but also at low risk. Several recent studies have identified the distal fimbriae end of the fallopian tubes as primary precursor of High-grade serous carcinoma. Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas and occult invasive serous carcinomas have been identified in 2-17% of the fallopian tubes of BRCA1/2 positive women undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy...
December 2015: Surgical Oncology
Allyssa L Harris
Ovarian cancer is a major health concern for women. Women are often diagnosed late in the course of the disease, making the mortality rate high. Currently, screening methods for ovarian cancer are limited and, therefore, prevention methods remain an area of focus for researchers. Recent research has examined the salpingectomy and tubal ligation/sterilization as a prevention method for ovarian cancer. This column takes a second look at two recent research studies that examine salpingectomy and tubal ligation/sterilization as a method of ovarian cancer risk reduction...
December 2015: Nursing for Women's Health
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