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Salpingectomy contraception ovarian cancer

Usha Menon, Chloe Karpinskyj, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj
There has been much progress in ovarian cancer screening and prevention in recent years. Improved tools that combine genetic and epidemiologic factors to predict an individual's ovarian cancer risk are set to become available for tailoring preventive and screening approaches. The increasing evidence on tubal origins of a proportion of ovarian cancer has paved the way to use of opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy at tubal ligation and hysterectomy in the general population. Clinical trials are in progress to estimate the long-term effects on endocrine function...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tricia Dewi Anggraeni, Adly Nanda Al Fattah, Raymond Surya
Introduction: One of the ovarian carcinogenesis theories was the presence of premalignant cells in the epithelium of the fallopian tube. Therefore, the prophylactic salpingectomy during benign gynecological surgery is now expected as the attempt to reduce the ovarian cancer incidence. We studied the effect of prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy (PBS) in reducing the ovarian cancer incidence. Methods: This evidence-based report resulted from critical appraisal of 5 articles...
January 2018: South Asian Journal of Cancer
Elisabetta Garavaglia, Cristina Sigismondi, Stefano Ferrari, Massimo Candiani
Endometriosis is a risk factor for type I epithelial ovarian cancer but an issue to be clarified is the site of origin of endometriosis associated ovarian cancer. Here we proposed that the uterus may be the organ of origin of ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis. Thus, the first neoplastic transformation would characterize the uterine cells migrating in the pelvis via retrograde menstruation and they would implant secondarily on the ovary. Supporting this hypothesis, an higher incidence of synchronous precancerous and cancerous endometrial pathology in patients affected by ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis was showed...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Tara Castellano, Matthew Zerden, Laura Marsh, Kim Boggess
Importance: Bilateral salpingectomy reduces the risk ovarian cancer. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology has recommended surgeons discuss salpingectomy with patients desiring sterilization. Objective: This review summarizes current literature on the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy to reduce ovarian cancer risk. Areas of insufficient evidence and directions for further research are discussed. Evidence Acquisition: We examined the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy for female surgical sterilization, using a PubMed and EMBASE literature review...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Nisse V Clark, Scott P Endicott, Elisa M Jorgensen, Hye-Chun Hur, Ernest G Lockrow, Mary E Kern, Candice E Jones-Cox, Susan G Dunlow, Jon I Einarsson, Sarah L Cohen
Sterilization is the most common form of contraception used worldwide and is highly effective in preventing unintended pregnancy. Each of the available sterilization methods has unique advantages and disadvantages that influence the choice of approach for each individual patient. Salpingectomy for sterilization has become more popular in recent years, with mounting evidence suggesting a protective effect against ovarian cancers originating in the fallopian tube. At the same time, Essure hysteroscopic sterilization has come under scrutiny because of increasing reports of possible adverse effects associated with its use...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Sarah E Dilley, Laura J Havrilesky, Jamie Bakkum-Gamez, David E Cohn, J Michael Straughn, Aaron B Caughey, Maria I Rodriguez
OBJECTIVES: Data suggesting a link between the fallopian tube and ovarian cancer have led to an increase in rates of salpingectomy at the time of pelvic surgery, a practice known as opportunistic salpingectomy (OS). However, the potential benefits, risks and costs for this new practice are not well established. Our objective was to assess the cost-effectiveness of opportunistic salpingectomy at the time of laparoscopic permanent contraception or hysterectomy for benign indications. METHODS: We created two models to compare the cost-effectiveness of salpingectomy versus usual care...
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
Faustino R Pérez-López, Iuliana Ceausu, Herman Depypere, Sean Kehoe, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Alfred Mueck, Levent M Senturk, Tommaso Simoncini, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Margaret Rees
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of female gynecological cancer-related death, and there are no effective screening procedures or early diagnostic approaches. AIMS: To examine risk factors and risk-reducing strategies for both sporadic and familial tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature review and consensus of expert opinion. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In women with a genetic predisposition to ovarian cancer, salpingo-oophorectomy reduces the risk of ovarian malignancy, and to a lesser degree of breast cancer...
June 2017: Maturitas
Roi Tschernichovsky, Annekathryn Goodman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the role of bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in BRCA mutation (m BRCA ) carriers and alternative interventions in risk reduction of ovarian cancer (OC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review using PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library was conducted to identify studies of different strategies to prevent OC in m BRCA carriers, including bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, prophylactic salpingectomy with delayed oophorectomy, intensive surveillance, and chemoprevention...
April 2017: Oncologist
Keith Y Terada, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Bruce Kessel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of previous gynecologic surgery, hormone use, and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the risk of type 1 and type 2 ovarian cancer. METHODS: We utilized data collected for the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian cancer screening trial. All diagnosed ovarian cancers were divided into three groups: type 1, endometrioid, clear cell, mucinous, low grade serous, and low grade adenocarcinoma/not otherwise specified (NOS); type 2, high grade serous, undifferentiated, carcinosarcoma, and high grade adenocarcinoma/NOS; and other: adenocarcinoma with grade or histology not specified, borderline tumors, granulosa cell tumors...
May 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Mahmoud F Fathalla
Ovarian cancer is a silent killer. There is a need to intensify research efforts on prevention strategies. The causative role of incessant ovulation has been supported by the protective effect of oral hormonal contraceptives. The released follicular fluid in the process of ovulation bathes not only the surface of the ovary but also the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube. Evidence has been accumulating about a fimbrial tubal origin for ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma, and for the potential of opportunistic or elective salpingectomy as an intervention strategy...
March 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Eva Patil, Jeffrey T Jensen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Permanent methods are the most commonly used contraceptive options worldwide. Even with the increase in popularity and accessibility of long-acting reversible methods, there remains high demand for permanent options, especially among women in developing countries. RECENT FINDINGS: Traditional methods of permanent contraception, such as postpartum tubal ligation and interval surgical tubal occlusion or electrocautery by mini-laparotomy or laparoscopy are well tolerated and highly effective...
December 2015: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Joan L Walker, C Bethan Powell, Lee-May Chen, Jeanne Carter, Victoria L Bae Jump, Lynn P Parker, Mark E Borowsky, Randall K Gibb
Mortality from ovarian cancer may be dramatically reduced with the implementation of attainable prevention strategies. The new understanding of the cells of origin and the molecular etiology of ovarian cancer warrants a strong recommendation to the public and health care providers. This document discusses potential prevention strategies, which include 1) oral contraceptive use, 2) tubal sterilization, 3) risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women at high hereditary risk of breast and ovarian cancer, 4) genetic counseling and testing for women with ovarian cancer and other high-risk families, and 5) salpingectomy after childbearing is complete (at the time of elective pelvic surgeries, at the time of hysterectomy, and as an alternative to tubal ligation)...
July 1, 2015: Cancer
M F Fathalla
Ovarian cancer continues to be a silent killer. Most women have advanced disease at the time of diagnosis. Intensive efforts to develop effective screening strategies have not so far met with success. There is a need to re-visit the potential of prevention strategies. In 1971, the author submitted a hypothesis for a possible relationship between incessant ovulation and development of epithelial ovarian cancer. Subsequent research from different disciplines opened new frontiers to be explored for prevention in the general population and in high-risk groups, and for opportunistic interventions...
2013: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
Paolo Vercellini, Piergiorgio Crosignani, Edgardo Somigliana, Paola Viganò, Laura Buggio, Giorgio Bolis, Luigi Fedele
Serous, endometrioid, clear cell and mucinous histotypes are the most common epithelial ovarian cancer. Most serous cancers appear to originate from precursor lesions at the fimbriated tubal end, whereas most endometrioid and clear cell cancers seem to derive from atypical endometriosis. Data regarding hormonal factors and associated gynaecologic conditions were critically analysed with the objective of defining a carcinogenic model for sporadic epithelial ovarian cancer complying with epidemiologic and pathologic findings...
September 2011: Human Reproduction
Allison F Vitonis, Linda Titus-Ernstoff, Daniel W Cramer
OBJECTIVE: To develop a risk-factor score that may provide additional guidance to women and their physicians regarding elective bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at the time of hysterectomy. METHODS: From a case-control study conducted from 1992 to 2008 in women residing in eastern Massachusetts or New Hampshire, we selected 1,098 women with invasive ovarian cancer (case group) and 1,363 for the control group who were older than 40 years and had neither hysterectomy nor a personal or family history of breast or ovarian cancer...
May 2011: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shannon Salvador, Blake Gilks, Martin Köbel, David Huntsman, Barry Rosen, Dianne Miller
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common cause of mortality from gynecologic malignancy, and most of epithelial cancers are of serous type. The site of origin of pelvic high-grade serous carcinoma has been the subject of debate for 60 years. This paper reviews the evidence that pelvic serous carcinoma originates from the fallopian tube mucosa and puts forward a theory that inflammation in the tube, caused by menstrual cytokines or infection, is critical to the genesis of these tumors. Other risk factors for pelvic serous carcinoma will be reviewed, including oral contraceptive use, parity, infertility, and tubal ligation...
January 2009: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
D Cibula, J Novotný, D Fischerová, P Freitag, M Zikán, N Jancárková, L Petruzelka, J Zivný
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the issue of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO): a) during pelvic surgery for benign diagnosis; b) in women with hereditary risk of ovarian cancer. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Charles University. METHODS: Critical review of published data. CONCLUSION: During pelvic surgery for benign diagnosis a prophylactic BSO is indicated of the age over 45, in younger women an individual approach is required, considering many aspects, including history of ovarian and breast cancer...
March 2004: Ceská Gynekologie
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