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Supraventricular ectopic beats

Giuseppe Bagliani, Domenico Giovanni Della Rocca, Roberto De Ponti, Alessandro Capucci, Margherita Padeletti, Andrea Natale
Premature complexes are electrical impulses arising from atrial, junctional, or ventricular tissue, leading to premature heart beats. Premature atrial beats are much more frequent than those arising in the atrioventricular junction but less frequent than premature beats from the ventricles. Although they are usually benign and highly prevalent in the general population, they could trigger sustained supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, and cause cardiomyopathies. The aim of this article was to review the main electrocardiology features of premature complexes and discuss their implications in clinical practice...
June 2018: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
Htet W Khine, Katarina Steding-Ehrenborg, Jeffrey L Hastings, Jamie Kowal, James D Daniels, Richard L Page, Jeffery J Goldberger, Jason Ng, Beverley Adams-Huet, Michael W Bungo, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in active astronauts is ≈5%, similar to the general population but at a younger age. Risk factors for AF include left atrial enlargement, increased number of premature atrial complexes, and certain parameters on signal-averaged electrocardiography, such as P-wave duration, root mean square voltage for the terminal 20 ms of the signal-averaged P wave, and P-wave amplitude. We aimed to evaluate changes in atrial structure, supraventricular beats, and atrial electrophysiology to determine whether spaceflight could increase the risk of AF...
May 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Fumiya Yoneyama, Chiho Tokunaga, Hideyuki Kato, Tomomi Nakajima, Bryan J Mathis, Hiroaki Sakamoto, Yuji Hiramatsu
OBJECTIVES: Junctional ectopic tachycardia is a supraventricular tachyarrhythmia with atrioventricular dissociation that causes life-threatening postsurgical conditions in pediatric heart patients. This study evaluates the efficacy of landiolol hydrochloride for managing junctional ectopic tachycardia. DESIGN: A single-center retrospective study. SETTING: PICU at the university hospital. PATIENTS: Of 561 pediatric patients who underwent open-heart surgery between 2006 and 2017, 10 patients developed sustained junctional ectopic tachycardia and were selected for landiolol treatment...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Iacopo Olivotto, Gherardo Finocchiaro, Niccolò Maurizi, Lia Crotti
Ventricular or supraventricular ectopic beats or atrial fibrillation may be the first presentation of uncommon cardiac disease, both acquired and genetically determined. In some patients, these manifestations can be the first sign of the underlying cardiac disorder. In others, however, they are also important as prognostic indicators, reflecting electrical instability and risk. Most cardiology clinics are busy environments where the implementation of complex diagnostic algorithms is not feasible. However, it is equally impossible to reach a final diagnosis, among the thousands of rare diseases that involve the heart, moving from a first line clinical and instrumental examination...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Manoj Kumar Sahu, Anupam Das, Bharat Siddharth, Sachin Talwar, Sarvesh Pal Singh, Atul Abraham, Arin Choudhury
BACKGROUND: Postoperative arrhythmias are a known complication after cardiac surgical repairs for congenital heart disease. METHODS: Data were reviewed pertaining to incidence, diagnosis, potential risk factors, and management of postoperative arrhythmias in 369 consecutive patients under 18 years of age, undergoing elective open heart surgery. All children were admitted to the intensive care unit and continuous electrocardiographic monitoring was performed. Patient factors such as Aristotle Basic Complexity Score, total surgical duration, hypotension, tachycardia, serum lactate level, and inotropic score were analyzed...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Shinya Yamada, Chin-Yu Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Tze-Fan Chao, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Li-Wei Lo, Fa-Po Chung, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Jo-Nan Liao, Abigail Louise D Te, Yao-Ting Chang, Ting-Yung Chang, Cheng-I Wu, Satoshi Higa, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The risk of stroke in patients with short-run atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between short-run AT and the stroke and the use of the CHA2 DS2 -VASc score for the risk stratification. METHODS: From the registry of 24-hour Holter monitoring, 5342 subjects without known atrial fibrillation or stroke were enrolled. Short-run AT was defined as episodes of supraventricular ectopic beats <5 seconds...
December 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Muammar Sadrawi, Chien-Hung Lin, Yin-Tsong Lin, Yita Hsieh, Chia-Chun Kuo, Jen Chien Chien, Koichi Haraikawa, Maysam F Abbod, Jiann-Shing Shieh
This study evaluates four databases from PhysioNet: The American Heart Association database (AHADB), Creighton University Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia database (CUDB), MIT-BIH Arrhythmia database (MITDB), and MIT-BIH Noise Stress Test database (NSTDB). The ANSI/AAMI EC57:2012 is used for the evaluation of the algorithms for the supraventricular ectopic beat (SVEB), ventricular ectopic beat (VEB), atrial fibrillation (AF), and ventricular fibrillation (VF) via the evaluation of the sensitivity, positive predictivity and false positive rate...
October 25, 2017: Sensors
Gabriel Garcia, Gladston Moreira, David Menotti, Eduardo Luz
Classifying arrhythmias can be a tough task for a human being and automating this task is highly desirable. Nevertheless fully automatic arrhythmia classification through Electrocardiogram (ECG) signals is a challenging task when the inter-patient paradigm is considered. For the inter-patient paradigm, classifiers are evaluated on signals of unknown subjects, resembling the real world scenario. In this work, we explore a novel ECG representation based on vectorcardiogram (VCG), called temporal vectorcardiogram (TVCG), along with a complex network for feature extraction...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
U Rajendra Acharya, Shu Lih Oh, Yuki Hagiwara, Jen Hong Tan, Muhammad Adam, Arkadiusz Gertych, Ru San Tan
The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a standard test used to monitor the activity of the heart. Many cardiac abnormalities will be manifested in the ECG including arrhythmia which is a general term that refers to an abnormal heart rhythm. The basis of arrhythmia diagnosis is the identification of normal versus abnormal individual heart beats, and their correct classification into different diagnoses, based on ECG morphology. Heartbeats can be sub-divided into five categories namely non-ectopic, supraventricular ectopic, ventricular ectopic, fusion, and unknown beats...
August 24, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Radosław Pietrzak, Piotr Lodziński, Tomasz Książczyk, Paweł Balsam, Monika Gawałko, Grzegorz Opolski, Bożena Werner
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation (CA) therapy is the first-choice treatment in adults with heart rhythm disturbances. Arrhythmias in adults are mainly conditioned by coronary artery disease. Aetiology of arrhythmias in children is mostly associated with inherited heart disorders. According to the current guidelines, CA is widely used in children, indicating the need to make it more achievable in the paediatric population. AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of CA in children with different types of arrhythmias on the initial learning curve at a newly built Ablation Centre in the Independent Paediatric Hospital of the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
Shuhei Fujita, Takeshi Futatani, Tatsuya Kubo, Masae Itamochi, Yusuke Yachi, Hidenori Iwasaki, Ayako Shimao, Shihomi Ina, Hiroyuki Higashiyama, Noboru Igarashi, Kiyoshi Hatasaki
Herein we describe the case of a 1-month-old boy with acute viral myocarditis, who presented with two kinds of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, and who was cured after medical treatment. He was brought to the emergency room with poor feeding due to fever. On the third day of hospitalization, a narrow QRS tachycardia (180-200 beats/min) was detected. Echocardiography showed a high echoic area at the atrial septum around the atrioventricular node. The patient was clinically diagnosed with acute myocarditis...
May 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Cristina Gallo, Pier Paolo Bocchino, Massimo Magnano, Luca Gaido, Domenica Zema, Alberto Battaglia, Matteo Anselmino, Fiorenzo Gaita
INTRODUCTION: The autonomic nervous system has been proven to play a major role in the onset of atrial fibrillation (AF), along with a predisposing substrate and a specific trigger event usually consisting of a premature supraventricular ectopic beat (SVEB). By means of heart rate variability (HRV) analysis, we investigated the activity of the autonomic nervous system before SVEBs nontriggering and triggering AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 28 patients with at least 1 episode of sustained AF (>30 seconds) recorded during 24-hour Holter monitorings...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Jennifer M Cavallari, Shona C Fang, Ellen A Eisen, Murray A Mittleman, David C Christiani
OBJECTIVES: Links between arrhythmias and particulate matter exposures have been found among sensitive populations. We examined the relationship between personal particulate matter ≤2.5 µm aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) exposures and ectopy in a panel study of healthy welders. METHODS: Simultaneous ambulatory ECG and personal PM2.5 exposure monitoring with DustTrak Aerosol Monitor was performed on 72 males during work and non-work periods for 5-90 h (median 40 h)...
July 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Serkan Kiranyaz, Turker Ince, Ridha Hamila, Moncef Gabbouj
We propose a fast and accurate patient-specific electrocardiogram (ECG) classification and monitoring system using an adaptive implementation of 1D Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) that can fuse feature extraction and classification into a unified learner. In this way, a dedicated CNN will be trained for each patient by using relatively small common and patient-specific training data and thus it can also be used to classify long ECG records such as Holter registers in a fast and accurate manner. Alternatively, such a solution can conveniently be used for real-time ECG monitoring and early alert system on a light-weight wearable device...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Vessela Krasteva, Irena Jekova, Remo Leber, Ramun Schmid, Roger Abächerli
This study presents a 2-stage heartbeat classifier of supraventricular (SVB) and ventricular (VB) beats. Stage 1 makes computationally-efficient classification of SVB-beats, using simple correlation threshold criterion for finding close match with a predominant normal (reference) beat template. The non-matched beats are next subjected to measurement of 20 basic features, tracking the beat and reference template morphology and RR-variability for subsequent refined classification in SVB or VB-class by Stage 2...
2015: PloS One
Can Ye, B V K Vijaya Kumar, Miguel Tavares Coimbra
In this paper, a novel subject-adaptable heartbeat classification model is presented, in order to address the significant interperson variations in ECG signals. A multiview learning approach is proposed to automate subject adaptation using a small amount of unlabeled personal data, without requiring manual labeling. The designed subject-customized models consist of two models, namely, general classification model and specific classification model. The general model is trained using similar subjects out of a population dataset, where a pattern matching based algorithm is developed to select the subjects that are "similar" to the particular test subject for model training...
November 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Serkan Kiranyaz, Turker Ince, Moncef Gabbouj
GOAL: This paper presents a fast and accurate patient-specific electrocardiogram (ECG) classification and monitoring system. METHODS: An adaptive implementation of 1-D convolutional neural networks (CNNs) is inherently used to fuse the two major blocks of the ECG classification into a single learning body: feature extraction and classification. Therefore, for each patient, an individual and simple CNN will be trained by using relatively small common and patient-specific training data, and thus, such patient-specific feature extraction ability can further improve the classification performance...
March 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Mintu P Turakhia, Aditya J Ullal, Donald D Hoang, Claire T Than, Jared D Miller, Karen J Friday, Marco V Perez, James V Freeman, Paul J Wang, Paul A Heidenreich
BACKGROUND: Identification of silent atrial fibrillation (AF) could prevent stroke and other sequelae. HYPOTHESIS: Screening for AF using continuous ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring can detect silent AF in asymptomatic in patients with known risk factors. METHODS: We performed a single-center prospective screening study using a wearable patch-based device that provides up to 2 weeks of continuous ambulatory ECG monitoring (iRhythm Technologies, Inc...
May 2015: Clinical Cardiology
Muna H Hammash, Debra K Moser, Susan K Frazier, Terry A Lennie, Melanie Hardin-Pierce
BACKGROUND: Weaning from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous breathing is associated with changes in the hemodynamic and autonomic nervous systems that are reflected by heart rate variability. Although cardiac dysrhythmias are an important manifestation of hemodynamic alterations, the impact of heart rate variability on the occurrence of dysrhythmias during weaning has not been specifically studied. OBJECTIVES: To describe differences in heart rate variability spectral power and occurrence of cardiac dysrhythmias at baseline and during the initial trial of weaning from mechanical ventilation and to evaluate the impact of heart rate variability during weaning on occurrence of dysrhythmias...
March 2015: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Gerardo Bosco, Elena De Marzi, Pierantonio Michieli, Hesham R Omar, Enrico M Camporesi, Johnny Padulo, Antonio Paoli, Devanand Mangar, Maurizio Schiavon
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the utility of 12-lead Holter monitoring underwater. METHODS: A Holter monitor, recording a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) underwater, was applied to 16 pre-trained volunteer scuba divers (13 males and three females). Dive computers were synchronized with the Holter recorder to correlate the ECG tracings with diving events. Our main objective was to demonstrate the utility of recording over a period of time a good quality 12-lead ECG underwater...
December 2014: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
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