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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350517/anti-inflammatory-diet-in-clinical-practice
#1
Mari Anoushka Ricker, William Christian Haas
Recently, there has been an increase in the research regarding the impact of acute and chronic inflammation on health and disease. Specific foods are now known to exert strong effects on inflammatory pathways within the body. Carefully selecting foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature while avoiding foods that are proinflammatory is central to an anti-inflammatory diet plan. Ultimately, the plan models a pattern of eating that (1) focuses on eating whole, plant-based foods that are rich in healthy fats and phytonutrients and (2) maintains a stable glycemic response...
March 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346353/intake-and-dietary-food-sources-of-fibre-in-spain-differences-with-regard-to-the-prevalence-of-excess-body-weight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-adults-of-the-anibes-study
#2
Liliana G González-Rodríguez, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
The aim was to study the intake and food sources of fibre in a representative sample of Spanish adults and to analyse its association with excess body weight and abdominal obesity. A sample of 1655 adults (18-64 years) from the ANIBES ("Anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles") cross-sectional study was analysed. Fibre intake and dietary food sources were determined by using a three-day dietary record. Misreporters were identified using the protocol of the European Food Safety Authority...
March 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346234/outstanding-animal-studies-in-allergy-i-from-asthma-to-food-allergy-and-anaphylaxis
#3
Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Isabella Pali-Schöll, Franziska Roth-Walter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Animal models published within the past 18 months on asthma, food allergy and anaphylaxis, all conditions of rising public health concern, were reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: While domestic animals spontaneously develop asthma, food allergy and anaphylaxis, in animal models, divergent sensitization and challenge routes, dosages, intervals and antigens are used to induce asthmatic, food allergic or anaphylactic phenotypes. This must be considered in the interpretation of results...
March 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342951/a-model-to-identify-individuals-at-high-risk-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-precancerous-lesions-in-regions-of-high-prevalence-in-china
#4
Mengfei Liu, Zhen Liu, Hong Cai, Chuanhai Guo, Xiang Li, Chaoting Zhang, Hui Wang, Dong Hang, Fangfang Liu, Qiuju Deng, Xin Yang, Wenqing Yuan, Yaqi Pan, Jingjing Li, Chanyuan Zhang, Na Shen, Zhonghu He, Yang Ke
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to develop a population-based model to identify individuals at high-risk for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in regions of China with a high prevalence of this cancer. METHODS: We collected findings from 15,073 permanent residents (45-69 years old) of 334 randomly selected villages in Hua County, Henan Province, China who underwent endoscopic screening (with iodine staining) for ESCC from January 2012 through September 2015...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342911/basophils-high-affinity-ige-receptors-and-ccl2-in-human-anaphylaxis
#5
Peter Korosec, Paul J Turner, Mira Silar, Peter Kopac, Mitja Kosnik, Bernhard F Gibbs, Mohamed H Shamji, Adnan Custovic, Matija Rijavec
BACKGROUND: The role of basophils in anaphylaxis is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether basophils have an important role in human anaphylaxis. METHODS: In an emergency department study, we recruited 31 patients with acute anaphylaxis, predominantly to hymenoptera venom. We measured expression of basophil activation markers (CD63, CD203c), the absolute number of circulating basophils, whole-blood FcεRI, CPA3 and HDC gene expression, and serum markers (CCL2, CCL5, CCL11, IL-3, TSLP) at three time points (during the anaphylactic episode, and in convalescent samples 7 and 30 days later)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342836/membrane-fatty-acid-composition-as-a-determinant-of-listeria-monocytogenes-sensitivity-to-trans-cinnamaldehyde
#6
Gil Rogiers, Biniam T Kebede, Ann Van Loey, Chris W Michiels
Trans-cinnamaldehyde, the major compound of cinnamon essential oil, is a potentially interesting natural antimicrobial food preservative. Although a number of studies have addressed its mode of action, the factors that determine bacterial sensitivity or tolerance to trans-cinnamaldehyde are poorly understood. We report the detailed characterization of a Listeria monocytogenes Scott A trans-cinnamaldehyde hypersensitive mutant defective in IlvE, which catalyzes the reversible transamination of branched-chain amino acids to the corresponding short-chain α-ketoacids...
March 23, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342799/lost-in-processing-perceived-healthfulness-taste-and-caloric-content-of-whole-and-processed-organic-food
#7
Marília Prada, Margarida V Garrido, David Rodrigues
The "organic" claim explicitly informs consumers about the food production method. Yet, based on this claim, people often infer unrelated food attributes. The current research examined whether the perceived advantage of organic over conventional food generalizes across different organic food types. Compared to whole organic foods, processed organic foods are less available, familiar and prototypical of the organic food category. In two studies (combined N = 258) we investigated how both organic foods types were perceived in healthfulness, taste and caloric content when compared to their conventional alternatives...
March 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342156/diet-change-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-is-more-effective-for-weight-loss-than-surgery-only
#8
Joana Rossell, Marta González, Núria Mestres, Eva Pardina, David Ricart-Jané, Julia Peinado-Onsurbe, Juan Antonio Baena-Fustegueras
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery with or without diet change has become one of the most effective treatments for obesity. The objective of this study was to observe the effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) and diet change in Sprague-Dawley rats on both body and tissue weights. METHODS: Eighteen rats were fed with a standard chow diet (SCD) (C group), and 36 rats were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) (diet-induced obesity (DIO) group). After 8 weeks, the animals underwent VSG, sham surgery or no surgery (NS)...
March 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338859/the-healthy-nordic-diet-predicts-muscle-strength-10-years-later-in-old-women-but-not-old-men
#9
Mia-Maria Perälä, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Satu Männistö, Minna K Salonen, Mika Simonen, Noora Kanerva, Taina Rantanen, Pertti Pohjolainen, Johan G Eriksson
Background: a number of nutrients have been found to be associated with better muscle strength and mass; however, the role of the whole diet on muscle strength and mass remains still unknown. Objective: to examine whether the healthy Nordic diet predicts muscle strength, and mass 10 years later among men and women. Methods: about 1,072 participants belong to the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study, born 1934-44. Diet was assessed with a validated food-frequency questionnaire during 2001-04...
March 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337186/genotypes-associated-with-listeria-monocytogenes-isolates-displaying-impaired-or-enhanced-tolerances-to-cold-salt-acid-or-desiccation-stress
#10
Patricia Hingston, Jessica Chen, Bhavjinder K Dhillon, Chad Laing, Claire Bertelli, Victor Gannon, Taurai Tasara, Kevin Allen, Fiona S L Brinkman, Lisbeth Truelstrup Hansen, Siyun Wang
The human pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is a large concern in the food industry where its continuous detection in food products has caused a string of recalls in North America and Europe. Most recognized for its ability to grow in foods during refrigerated storage, L. monocytogenes can also tolerate several other food-related stresses with some strains possessing higher levels of tolerances than others. The objective of this study was to use a combination of phenotypic analyses and whole genome sequencing to elucidate potential relationships between L...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#11
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334042/whole-body-counter-wbc-and-food-radiocesium-contamination-surveys-in-namie-fukushima-prefecture
#12
Yoichiro Hosokawa, Kazuki Nomura, Eiki Tsushima, Kohsei Kudo, Yuka Noto, Yoshiko Nishizawa
PURPOSE: This study examined the internal Cs exposure of residents and the Cs present in food products produced in Namie. Whole-body counter (WBC) was used for the measurement of internal exposure per each whole body of examinees. METHODS: The food products which appeared to be used for consumption, were brought by residents and commercially available food items were excluded. Most of them were wild plants or food items produced by residents. Four years of data from April 2012 to March 2013 (fiscal 2012) and April 2015 to March 2016 (Fiscal 2015) were analyzed and studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333388/central-regulation-of-glucose-homeostasis
#13
Alexander Tups, Jonas Benzler, Domenico Sergi, Sharon R Ladyman, Lynda M Williams
The ability of the brain to directly control glucose levels in the blood independently of its effects on food intake and body weight has been known ever since 1854 when Claude Bernard, a French physiologist, discovered that lesioning the floor of the fourth ventricle in rabbits led to a rise of sugar in the blood. Despite this outstanding discovery at that time, it took more than 140 years before progress started to be made in identifying the underlying mechanisms of brain-mediated control of glucose homeostasis...
March 16, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333184/analysis-of-blashv-12-carrying-escherichia-coli-clones-and-plasmids-from-human-animal-and-food-sources
#14
Carla Andrea Alonso, Geovana Brenner Michael, Jun Li, Sergio Somalo, Carmen Simón, Yang Wang, Heike Kaspar, Kristina Kadlec, Carmen Torres, Stefan Schwarz
Objectives: This study aimed at characterizing 23 Escherichia coli isolates from various sources and their respective bla SHV-12 -carrying plasmids and sequencing one of these plasmids completely. Methods: Isolates were typed by XbaI-PFGE, MLST and PCR-based phylotyping. Transformed bla SHV-12 -carrying plasmids were examined by replicon typing, S1-nuclease, conjugation, EcoRI-HindIII-BamHI digests and plasmid MLST. Co-located resistance genes and integrons as well as the bla SHV-12 genetic environment were analysed by PCR and sequencing...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332449/estimated-daily-intake-and-safety-of-fd-c-food-colour-additives-in-the-us-population
#15
Maria Bastaki, Thomas Farrell, Sachin Bhusari, Xiaoyu Bi, Carolyn Scrafford
A refined exposure assessment was undertaken to calculate the Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) of the seven FD&C straight colour additives and five FD&C colour lakes ("synthetic" food colours) approved in the United States (US). The EDIs were calculated for the US population as a whole and specific age groups, including children 2-5 y, children 6-12 y, adolescents 13-18 y, and adults 19+ y. Actual use data were collected from an industry survey of companies who are users of these colour additives in a variety of products, with additional input from food colour manufacturers...
March 23, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330733/what-do-children-eat-in-the-summer-a-direct-observation-of-summer-day-camps-that-serve-meals
#16
Erica L Kenney, Rebekka M Lee, Carolyn J Brooks, Angie L Cradock, Steven L Gortmaker
BACKGROUND: More than 14 million children in the United States attend summer camp annually, yet little is known about the food environment in day camps. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the nutritional quality of meals served to, brought by, and consumed by children attending summer day camps serving meals and snacks, and to describe camp water access. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTINGS: Participants were 149 children attending five summer camps in Boston, MA, in 2013...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330283/multiplex-pcr-for-simultaneous-identification-of-e-coli-o157-h7-salmonella-spp-and-l-monocytogenes-in-food
#17
Thuy Trang Nguyen, Vo Van Giau, Tuong Kha Vo
The rapid detection of pathogens in food is becoming increasingly critical for ensuring the safety of consumers, since the majority of food-borne illnesses and deaths are caused by pathogenic bacteria. Hence, rapid, sensitive, inexpensive and convenient approaches to detect food-borne pathogenic bacteria is essential in controlling food safety. In this study, a multiplex PCR assay for the rapid and simultaneous detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes was established...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#18
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322379/wine-lees-modulate-lipid-metabolism-and-induce-fatty-acid-remodelling-in-zebrafish
#19
M Caro, A Sansone, J Amezaga, V Navarro, C Ferreri, I Tueros
This study investigates the ability of a polyphenolic extract obtained from a wine lees by-product to modulate zebrafish lipid metabolism. Lees from a Spanish winery were collected and the polyphenolic extract was chemically characterised in terms of antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content and the individual main phenolic compounds. The effects of the extract on lipid metabolism were evaluated using a zebrafish animal model. Lees are rich in polyphenols (42.33 mg gallic acid equivalent per g dry matter) with high antioxidant capacity (56...
March 21, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322083/diurnal-variation-of-the-melanin-concentrating-hormone-level-in-the-hypothalamus
#20
Balázs Gerics, Ferenc Szalay, Péter Sótonyi, Veronika Jancsik
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), the neuropeptide produced mainly in the hypothalamus, plays an operative role in regulating food intake and the sleep/wake cycle. Considering that these physiological functions pursue diurnal variations, we checked whether the total hypothalamic MCH level depends on the time of the day. The aggregated MCH peptide content of the whole MCH neuron population was significantly higher at the end of the sleeping period (lights on), than at the end of the active period (lights off)...
March 2017: Acta Biologica Hungarica
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