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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156761/extracts-from-hericium-erinaceus-relieve-inflammatory-bowel-disease-by-regulating-immunity-and-gut-microbiota
#1
Chen Diling, Yang Xin, Zheng Chaoqun, Yang Jian, Tang Xiaocui, Chen Jun, Shuai Ou, Xie Yizhen
Hericium erinaceus (HE), a traditional edible mushroom, is known as a medicine food homology to ameliorate gastrointestinal diseases. To investigate whether HE is clinically effective in alleviating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), HE extracts (polysaccharide, alcoholic extracts and whole extracts were prepared using solvent extraction methods) were administrated for 2 weeks in rats with IBD induced by trinitro-benzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS) enema (150 mg/kg). Significant clinical and histological changes in IBD rats were identified, including damage activity, common morphous and tissue damage index scores in colonic mucosa and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155937/nanoparticle-based-lateral-flow-biosensor-combined-with-multiple-cross-displacement-amplification-for-rapid-visual-and-sensitive-detection-of-vibrio-cholerae
#3
Yi Wang, Hui Li, Yan Wang, Lu Zhang, Jingyun Zhang, Jianguo Xu, Changyun Ye
Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) is an important human pathogen that is responsible for cholera, a severe acute watery diarrhea. In the current study, a multiple cross displacement amplification (MCDA) coupled with amplicon detection by chromatographic lateral flow biosensor (LFB) method (MCDA-LFB) was successfully established and evaluated for identification of V. cholerae. A set of ten primers was designed specifically to recognize ten different regions of the V. cholerae-specific gene ompW. The optimized time and temperature conditions for the MCDA were 30 min at 63˚C...
November 16, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155849/unusual-occurrence-of-a-dag-motif-in-the-ipomovirus-cassava-brown-streak-virus-and-implications-for-its-vector-transmission
#4
Elijah Ateka, Titus Alicai, Joseph Ndunguru, Fred Tairo, Peter Sseruwagi, Samuel Kiarie, Timothy Makori, Monica A Kehoe, Laura M Boykin
Cassava is the main staple food for over 800 million people globally. Its production in eastern Africa is being constrained by two devastating Ipomoviruses that cause cassava brown streak disease (CBSD); Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV), with up to 100% yield loss for smallholder farmers in the region. To date, vector studies have not resulted in reproducible and highly efficient transmission of CBSV and UCBSV. Most virus transmission studies have used Bemisia tabaci (whitefly), but a maximum of 41% U/CBSV transmission efficiency has been documented for this vector...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155200/recent-advances-on-polysaccharides-lipids-and-protein-based-edible-films-and-coatings-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Bilal Hassan, Shahzad Ali Shahid Chatha, Abdullah Ijaz Hussain, Khalid Mahmood Zia, Naseem Akhtar
Food is a vital product for the survival of human beings and with passage of time quality concerns of consumers are rising. Edible films and coatings are thin layers applied on food products to protect them and improve their quality. Films/coatings are prepared from naturally occurring renewable sources (polysaccharides, proteins, lipids and composites) which we can eat without disposing them. These films are environment friendly and contain antioxidants, anti-browning agents and colorants. Various methods (spraying, brushing, electro-spraying) are used to apply a coating on food material to protect them from microbial growth, prolonging their shelf life and improving other quality aspects like sensory attributes, appearance, originality and freshness of ingredients...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154885/consumers-health-related-perceptions-of-bread-implications-for-labeling-and-health-communication
#6
Pernilla Sandvik, Margaretha Nydahl, Iwona Kihlberg, Ingela Marklinder
There is a wide variety of commercial bread types and the present study identifies potential pitfalls in consumer evaluations of bread from a health perspective. The aim is to describe consumers' health-related perceptions of bread by exploring which health-related quality attributes consumers associate with bread and whether there are differences with regard to age, gender and education level. A postal and web-based sequential mixed-mode survey (n = 1134, 63% responded online and 37% by paper) with open-ended questions and an elicitation task with pictures of commercial breads were used...
November 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153178/a-100-year-review-the-production-of-fluid-market-milk
#7
David M Barbano
During the first 100 years of the Journal of Dairy Science, dairy foods and dairy production dairy scientists have partnered to publish new data and research results that have fostered the development of new knowledge. This knowledge has been the underpinning of both the commercial development of the fluid milk processing industry and regulations and marketing policies for the benefit of dairy farmers, processors, and consumers. During the first 50 years, most of the focus was on producing and delivering high-quality raw milk to factories and improving the shelf life of pasteurized fluid milk...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151237/health-risk-contamination-of-heavy-metals-in-yolk-and-albumen-of-duck-eggs-collected-in-central-and-western-thailand
#8
P Aendo, R Netvichian, S Tippayalak, A Sanguankiat, T Khuntamoon, T Songserm, P Tulayakul
Two hundred duck egg samples were collected from 20 farms in Central and Western Thailand. The levels of Zn, Co, Mn, Fe, and Cr in yolks were found significantly higher than in albumen, whereas the levels of Cd and Cu contaminations in egg albumen were significantly higher than in yolks. The mean level of Pb contamination in whole eggs was 4.06 ± 2.70 mg kg(-1) dry weight. This level was higher than the Thai agricultural standard no. 6703-2005 for duck eggs set at 0.1 ppm for the magnitude of 40.6 times...
November 18, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151136/whole-milk-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-isfahan-cohort-study
#9
Mohammad Talaei, Naeimeh Hosseini, Rob M van Dam, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Shahram Oveisgharan, Minoo Dianatkhah, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: The association between milk intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality risk is still controversial but data from Middle-Eastern populations are scarce. We aimed to study these associations in an Iranian population. METHODS: We used the Isfahan Cohort Study, a population-based prospective study of 6504 adult Iranians. In this analysis, we included 5432 participants free of CVD at baseline with at least one follow-up. Data on whole milk intake and other dietary factors were collected by a food frequency questionnaire at baseline...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150632/mucoadhesive-functionality-of-cell-wall-structures-from-fruits-and-grains-electrostatic-and-polymer-network-interactions-mediated-by-soluble-dietary-polysaccharides
#10
Oliver W Meldrum, Gleb E Yakubov, Ghanendra Gartaula, Michael A McGuckin, Michael J Gidley
We demonstrate the enhancement of intestinal mucin (Muc2) binding to plant cell wall structures from fruit (parenchymal apple tissue) and grain (wheat endosperm) mediated by soluble dietary fibers embedded within cellulose networks. Mucin binding occurs through two distinct mechanisms; for pectin polysaccharides characteristic of fruits and vegetables, it is governed by molecular mucoadhesive interactions, while for neutral polysaccharides, arabinoxylan and β-glucan characteristic of cereal grains, the interaction stems from the properties of their polymer network...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150284/the-displacing-foods-of-modern-commerce-are-the-primary-and-proximate-cause-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-unifying-singular-hypothesis
#11
Chris A Knobbe, Marija Stojanoska
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss and blindness in developed nations. AMD is anticipated to affect 196 million people worldwide, by 2020. However, the etiology of this disease remains unknown. Aging, genetic, and environmental influences have generally been implicated as major etiologic factors. We sought to examine the hypothesis that consumption of the 'displacing foods of modern commerce,' which equate to processed, nutrient-deficient and potentially toxic foods, may be the primary and proximate cause of AMD...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150260/prioritizing-and-optimizing-sustainable-measures-for-food-waste-prevention-and-management
#12
Jorge Cristóbal, Valentina Castellani, Simone Manfredi, Serenella Sala
Food waste has gained prominence in the European political debate thanks to the recent Circular Economy package. Currently the waste hierarchy, introduced by the Waste Framework Directive, has been the rule followed to prioritize food waste prevention and management measures according to the environmental criteria. But when considering other criteria along with the environmental one, such as the economic, other tools are needed for the prioritization and optimization. This paper addresses the situation in which a decision-maker has to design a food waste prevention programme considering the limited economic resources in order to achieve the highest environmental impact prevention along the whole food life cycle...
November 14, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150257/utilization-of-organic-residues-using-heterotrophic-microalgae-and-insects
#13
REVIEW
Daniel Pleissner, Birgit A Rumpold
Various organic residues occur globally in the form of straw, wood, green biomass, food waste, feces, manure etc. Other utilization strategies apart from anaerobic digestion, composting and incineration are needed to make use of the whole potential of organic residues as sources of various value added compounds. This review compares the cultivation of heterotrophic microalgae and insects using organic residues as nutrient sources and illuminates their potential with regard to biomass production, productivity and yield, and utilization strategies of produced biomasses...
November 14, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149029/kappaphycus-alvarezii-as-a-food-supplement-prevents-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rats
#14
Stephen Wanyonyi, Ryan du Preez, Lindsay Brown, Nicholas A Paul, Sunil K Panchal
The red seaweed, Kappaphycus alvarezii, was evaluated for its potential to prevent signs of metabolic syndrome through use as a whole food supplement. Major biochemical components of dried Kappaphycus are carrageenan (soluble fiber ~34.6%) and salt (predominantly potassium (K) 20%) with a low overall energy content for whole seaweed. Eight to nine week old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups and fed for 8 weeks on a corn starch diet, a high-carbohydrate, high-fat (H) diet, alone or supplemented with a 5% (w/w) dried and milled Kappaphycus blended into the base diet...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146501/antibacterial-activity-and-probiotic-characterization-of-autochthonous-paenibacillus-polymyxa-isolated-from-anabas-testudineus-bloch-1792
#15
Sebastian J Midhun, Sahadevan Neethu, A Vysakh, Damodaran Arun, E K Radhakrishnan, Mathew Jyothis
Microbial fish pathogens are prevalent in aquaculture. Control of Bacterial fish pathogens is important and bio control of pathogenic bacteria is a novel field of study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antagonistic activity of bacteria isolated from Anabas testudineus against potent fish pathogens. The cellular components/preparations and filtered cell free culture supernatants were effective against six fish pathogens. Altogether 110 strains were isolated from fish proximal and distal intestine, out of which 10 strains were selected through well diffusion method...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145485/adolescents-perception-of-parental-feeding-practices-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-comprehensive-feeding-practices-questionnaire-for-brazilian-adolescents-the-cfpq-teen
#16
Ângela Bein Piccoli, Lucas Neiva-Silva, Clarisse Pereira Mosmann, Dara Musher-Eizenman, Lucia C Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Parental feeding practices may play a key role in dietary habits and nutritional status of adolescents, but research from adolescents' point of view on this topic is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate an instrument of parental feeding practices as perceived by adolescents in a Brazilian setting. METHODS: The Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and adapted to be answered by adolescents (ages 12 to 18)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144431/bioabsorption-and-bioaccumulation-of-cadmium-in-the-straw-and-grain-of-maize-zea-mays-l-in-growing-soils-contaminated-with-cadmium-in-different-environment
#17
Jorge Retamal-Salgado, Juan Hirzel, Ingrid Walter, Iván Matus
There is a worldwide increase of heavy metal or potentially toxic element (PTE), contamination in agricultural soils caused mainly by human and industrial action, which leads to food contamination in crops such as in maize. Cadmium (Cd) is a PTE often found in soils and it is ingested through food. It is necessary to determine the bioabsorption, distribution, and accumulation levels in maize to reduce or prevent food chain contamination. Cadmium absorption and accumulation in three maize cultivars were evaluated in three agricultural environments in Chile by increasing CdCl₂ rates (0, 1, and 2 mg·kg(-1))...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143945/one-evidence-of-cocaine-and-amphetamine-regulated-transcript-cart-has-the-bidirectional-effects-on-appetite-in-siberian-sturgeon-acipenser-baerii
#18
Xin Zhang, Yundi Gao, Ni Tang, Jinwen Qi, Yuanbing Wu, Jin Hao, Shuyao Wang, Defang Chen, Zhiqiong Li
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART), discovered in 1995, with various biological functions, has received much attention recently due to its role in the regulation of appetite in mammals. However, the function of CART on the appetite control in fish species is still not very clear. In this study, Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii Brandt) cart gene was cloned for the first time, and the cart mRNA levels in 11 feeding-related tissues was investigated. The Siberian sturgeon cart gene sequence was 1459 base pairs (bp), including a 3'-terminal untranslated region (3'-UTR) of 39 bp, a 5'-terminal untranslated region (5'-UTR) of 52 bp, and an open reading frame (ORF) of 348 bp encoding 115 amino acids...
November 16, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#19
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142204/sociospatial-structure-explains-marked-variation-in-brucellosis-seroprevalence-in-an-alpine-ibex-population
#20
Pascal Marchand, Pauline Freycon, Jean-Philippe Herbaux, Yvette Game, Carole Toïgo, Emmanuelle Gilot-Fromont, Sophie Rossi, Jean Hars
In a context of (re)emerging infectious diseases with wildlife reservoirs, understanding how animal ecology shapes epidemiology is a key issue, particularly in wild ungulates that share pathogens with domestic herbivores and have similar food requirements. For the first time in Europe, brucellosis (Brucella melitensis), a virulent zoonosis, persisted in an Alpine ibex (Capra ibex) population and was transmitted to cattle and humans. To better understand disease dynamics, we investigated the relationships between the spatial ecology of ibex and the epidemiology of brucellosis...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
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