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Lena Grabow, James D Young, Jeannette M Byrne, Urs Granacher, David G Behm
Non-local or crossover (contralateral and non-stretched muscles) increases in range-of-motion (ROM) and balance have been reported following rolling of quadriceps, hamstrings and plantar flexors. Since there is limited information regarding plantar sole (foot) rolling effects, the objectives of this study were to determine if unilateral foot rolling would affect ipsilateral and contralateral measures of ROM and balance in young healthy adults. A randomized within-subject design was used to examine non-local effects of unilateral foot rolling on ipsilateral and contralateral limb ankle dorsiflexion ROM and a modified sit-and-reach-test (SRT)...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Amanda C Amorim, Licia P Cacciari, Anice C Passaro, Simone R B Silveira, Cesar F Amorim, Jefferson F Loss, Isabel C N Sacco
Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) force and coordination are related to urinary incontinence severity and to sexual satisfaction. Health professionals frequently combine classic PFM exercises with hip adduction/abduction contraction to treat these disorders, but the real benefits of this practice are still unknown. Based on a theoretical anatomy approach whereby the levator ani muscle is inserted into the obturator internus myofascia and in which force generated by hip movements should increase the contraction quality of PFMs, our aim was to investigate the effects of isometric hip adduction and abduction on PFM force generation...
2017: PloS One
A Ehrle, L Ressel, E Ricci, E R Singer
Pain related to the osseous thoracolumbar spine is common in the equine athlete, with minimal information available regarding soft tissue pathology. The aims of this study were to describe the anatomy of the equine SSL and ISL (supraspinous and interspinous ligaments) in detail and to assess the innervation of the ligaments and their myofascial attachments including the thoracolumbar fascia. Ten equine thoracolumbar spines (T15-L1) were dissected to define structure and anatomy of the SSL, ISL and adjacent myofascial attachments...
June 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Christian Lunghi, Paolo Tozzi, Giampiero Fusco
Different approaches to body biomechanics are based on the classical concept of "ideal posture" which is regarded as the state where body mass is distributed in such a way that ligamentous tensions neutralize the force of gravity and muscles retain their normal tone, as result of the integration of somatic components related to posture and balance mechanisms. When compromised, optimal posture can be restored through the balanced and effective use of musculoskeletal components; however, various research findings and the opinion of experts in this field suggest a move away from the dogmas that have characterized the idea of health dependent on ideal posture, to promote instead dynamic approaches based on the interdependency of the body systems as well as on the full participation of the person in the healing process...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Kalyani Nair, Alfonse T Masi, Brian J Andonian, Alexander J Barry, Brandon A Coates, John Dougherty, Emily Schaefer, Jacqueline Henderson, Joseph Kelly
This study aimed to non-invasively quantify passive stiffness of superficial myofascia at a lower lumbar (L3-L4) anatomical level in young healthy male and female subjects and investigate its possible morphological variation. Resting prone lumbar myofascial measurements were quantified using MyotonPro(®) and statistically analyzed in 20 young healthy individuals over 3-weekly intervals, concurrently with surface electromyography (sEMG). Averaged mean ± SE stiffness (Newton/meter) over three weeks was significantly (p < 0...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Yen-Hua Chen, Huei-Ming Chai, Yio-Wha Shau, Chung-Li Wang, Shwu-Fen Wang
PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggested the significance of integrity of the tension balance of the muscle-fascia corset system in spinal stability, particularly the posterior musculofascial junction which is adjacent to dorsal located paraspinal muscles joining each other at lateral raphe (LR). The purpose of this study was to compare the contraction of the transversus abdominis (TrA) at both anterior and posterior musculofascial muscle-fascia junctions in patients with low back pain (LBP) and asymptomatic participants before and immediately after a sustained manual pressure to LR...
June 2016: Manual Therapy
Brian J Andonian, Alfonse T Masi, Jean C Aldag, Alexander J Barry, Brandon A Coates, Katherine Emrich, Jacqueline Henderson, Joseph Kelly, Kalyani Nair
OBJECTIVE: To quantify resting lumbar erector myofascial stiffness in younger patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and age-comparable healthy control subjects using a handheld mechanical impulse-based myotonometric device. DESIGN: A case-control study of 24 patients with AS and 24 age-comparable healthy control subjects. SETTING: University physical therapy department. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with AS (men: n=19; women: n=5; total: N=24) and healthy volunteers (men: n=19; women: n=5; total: N=24) without low back pain (age range, 18-46y)...
November 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Gianfranco Natale, Sara Condino, Antonio Stecco, Paola Soldani, Monica Mattioli Belmonte, Marco Gesi
The cervical fasciae have always represented a matter of debate. Indeed, in the literature, it is quite impossible to find two authors reporting the same description of the neck fascia. In the present review, a historical background was outlined, confirming that the Malgaigne's definition of the cervical fascia as an anatomical Proteus is widely justified. In an attempt to provide an essential and a more comprehensive classification, a fixed pattern of description of cervical fasciae is proposed. Based on the morphogenetic criteria, two fascial groups have been recognized: (1) fasciae which derive from primitive fibro-muscular laminae (muscular fasciae or myofasciae); (2) fasciae which derive from connective thickening (visceral fasciae)...
November 2015: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Nong-Yu Liu
In order to clarify the inter-relationship between getting qi and arrival of qi, the relevant theory in the Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor is re-considered, and then the relationship of the two concepts by combining with some opinions from scholars is compared and analyzed. Getting qi is the signal of acupuncture at an acupoint; also it is a sign of arrival of qi at an acupoint; what's more, it is the premise for reinforcing or reducing manipulation. The sensation of arrival of qi comes from both doctors and patients, characterized with explicit symptoms including "tight and swift", "sunken, sticky and tight", "light, loose and slow", "warm at the acupoint" or "cold at the acupoint" as well as implicit symptom including "qi moving along the meridians"; also there is the condition of qi regulation that is characterized with "paced and harmony" stomach qi...
August 2014: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Deepak Sharan, Joshua Samuel Rajkumar, Mathankumar Mohandoss, Rameshkumar Ranganathan
Myofascial pain is a common musculoskeletal problem, with the low back being one of the commonest affected regions. Several treatments have been used for myofascial low back pain through physical therapies, pharmacologic agents, injections, and other such therapies. This review will provide an update based on recently published literature in the field of myofascial low back pain along with a brief description of a sequenced, multidisciplinary treatment protocol called Skilled Hands-on Approach for the Release of myofascia, Articular, Neural and Soft tissue mobilization (SHARANS) protocol...
September 2014: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Shoko Otsuka, Naoki Watanabe, Youko Sasaki, Reiko Shimojima
BACKGROUND: Nevertheless in breast conserving surgery, the dissection of inferior part of breast mound will cause severe deformity, which affects the patient's quality of life adversely. We have used an infra-mammary adipofascial tissue to repair the defect, and breast mound could be reconstructed concurrently in primary breast cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND SURGICAL PROCEDURE: From September 2009 to June 2012, we performed the infra-mammary adipofascial tissue repair (IATR) on 25 patients with breast cancer in inferior site of their breast mound...
November 2015: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Raúl Martínez Rodríguez, Fernando Galán del Río
The term myofascia is referred to the skeleton of muscle fibres organized as an interconnected 3D network that surrounds and connects the musculoskeletal system. Extracellular matrix muscle is relevant in tissue structural support and transmission of mechanical signals between fibres and tendons. Acute and chronic musculoskeletal injuries (muscle strain) are one of the major problems faced by those who practice any type of sport, regardless of whether they are professionals or amateurs. Therapeutic boarding is of uncertain value in most cases because there are many contributing factors such as type, severity, functional implication of the damaged tissue, progression or risk of relapse...
April 2013: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Feng Yu
CONCLUSIONS: The procedure cleared the lesion completely and preserved the physiological function of the external auditory canal. OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel surgical procedure to treat chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). To explore the merit of using pedicled temporalis myofascia (PTM) and reconstruction of the posterior wall of the external auditory canal with pedicled postauricular periosteal flap and intact skin of the external auditory canal. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with CSOM were chosen...
July 2013: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Ding-Yi Liu, Qi Tang, Wei-Mu Xia, Ming-Wei Wang, Jian Wang, Yan-Feng Zhou, Jia-Shun Yu, Chen-Long Chu, Chong-Yu Zhang, Zhou-Jun Shen, Wen-Long Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To search for an effective method of reducing intraoperative blood loss in radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: We performed RRP for 100 patients with prostate cancer, 50 (group A) with the Walsh or Poor method for handling the dorsal venous complex (DVC), and the other 50 (group B) through the following three additional procedures for hemostasis: first placing a #7 prophylactic suture in the distal position of DVC, then ligating the vascular bundle of the prostatic apex with continuous 4-0 Vicryl sutures, and lastly placing a 4-0 absorbable suture followed by freeing the neurovascular bundle (NVB) or freeing NVB before suturing the remained levator ani myofascia and the deep layer of Denovilliers' fascia above the rectal serosa with 4-0 Vicryl...
November 2012: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
M T Turvey, Claudia Carello
Dynamic touching is effortful touching. It entails deformation of muscles and fascia and activation of the embedded mechanoreceptors, as when an object is supported and moved by the body. It is realized as exploratory activities that can vary widely in spatial and temporal extents (a momentary heft, an extended walk). Research has revealed the potential of dynamic touching for obtaining non-visual information about the body (e.g. limb orientation), attachments to the body (e.g. an object's height and width) and the relation of the body both to attachments (e...
November 12, 2011: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Alfonse T Masi, Kalyani Nair, Tyler Evans, Yousef Ghandour
BACKGROUND: Myofascial tissues generate integrated webs and networks of passive and active tensional forces that provide stabilizing support and that control movement in the body. Passive [central nervous system (CNS)-independent] resting myofascial tension is present in the body and provides a low-level stabilizing component to help maintain balanced postures. This property was recently called "human resting myofascial tone" (HRMT). The HRMT model evolved from electromyography (EMG) research in the 1950s that showed lumbar muscles usually to be EMG-silent in relaxed gravity-neutral upright postures...
December 16, 2010: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Takeshi Wada, Ken Nakatani, Yukihiro Hiraishi, Kenji Negoro, Yoshinobu Iwagami, Shigeyuki Fujita
PURPOSE: Pedicle myofascial graft should be considered in contemporary oral and maxillofacial reconstruction for the following reasons: 1) the pedicle myofascial unit is reliable and easily handled; 2) on the grafted myofascia in the oral cavity, the mucosa regenerates naturally with regard to suppleness and surface characteristics; and 3) vascularized myofascial coverage of tissues or materials is useful in some clinical situations. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the usefulness of this graft material...
June 2011: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Josef DellaGrotte, Renzo Ridi, Monica Landi, James Stephens
Postural organization is controlled by the central nervous system in conjunction with the skeletal, muscular, and fascial systems. This paper explores the effects on static and dynamic postural misalignment of a neuromotor re-education intervention. In total, 13 control and 14 experimental subjects with postural deviations were studied. An individualized Dellagrotte core-integration intervention was performed with subjects in the experimental group over a period of 2 months. Twenty-five postural parameters were assessed pre- and post-intervention to give a global postural assessment score...
July 2008: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Xiang Hou
OBJECTIVE: To study clinically on acupoints by probing the correlativity between Goldenberg's tender points in the patient of fibromyalgia syndrome and acupoints. METHODS: Local hyaluronidase injection and other methods were adopted. RESULTS: The tender points were increased by more than 50 groups according to the standard of Goldenberg's tender points. The Goldenberg's tender points and acupoints both have tender character, radiating pain character by palpation, local cord and lump fibrous harden change...
December 2007: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Ning-yi Li, Li-qiang Chen, Tao Chen, Xiao-ming Jin, Rong-tao Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and latissimus dorsi myofascia with blood vessel on vascularization of tissue engineered bone in dogs. METHODS: Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were isolated from iliac bone of dogs. PRP was obtained from the same dog. And demineralized bone matrix (DBM) were prepared from homologuous bone. ABCD 4 areas were divided on the back of dog. PRP/BMSCs/DBM was implanted around the vessels of lattisimus dorsi muscle in the A...
August 2007: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
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