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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920617/chiropractic-identity-a-neurological-professional-and-political-assessment
#1
REVIEW
Anthony L Rosner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to propose a focused assessment of the identity of chiropractic and its profession, triangulating multiple viewpoints converging upon various aspects and definitions of neurology, manual medicine, and alternative or mainstream medicine. DISCUSSION: Over 120 years since its inception, chiropractic has struggled to achieve an identity for which its foundations could provide optimal health care. Despite recognition of the benefits of spinal manipulation in various government guidelines, advances in US military and Veterans Administration, and persistently high levels of patient satisfaction, the chiropractic profession remains underrepresented in most discussions of health care delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911021/a-rapid-and-simple-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-measurement-of-testosterone-androstenedione-and-dehydroepiandrosterone-in-human-serum
#2
Wenjuan Xu, Huijun Li, Qing Guan, Ying Shen, Liming Cheng
BACKGROUND: The assay of androgens plays an important role for the differential diagnosis of androgen-related endocrine diseases. We developed a rapid and simple liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method with small sample volume and simple sample preparation for simultaneous determination of serum testosterone, androstenedione and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in adults. METHODS: We spiked 100 μL of serum with 200 μL of internal standard solution, which was prepared in methanol, for matrix effect relief and protein precipitation...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898385/measuring-the-consumption-of-individual-solid-and-liquid-bites-using-a-table-embedded-scale-during-unrestricted-eating
#3
Ryan S Mattfeld, Eric R Muth, Adam Hoover
The universal eating monitor (UEM) is a table-embedded scale used to measure grams consumed over time while a person eats. It has been used in laboratory settings to test the effects of anorectic drugs and behavior manipulations such as slowing eating, and to study relationships between demographics and body weight. However, its use requires restricted conditions on the foods consumed and behaviors allowed during eating in order to simplify analysis of the scale data. Individual bites can only be measured when the only interaction with the scale is to carefully remove a single bite of food, consume it fully, and wait a minimum amount of time before the next bite...
November 24, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888138/the-quality-of-placebos-used-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-lumbar-and-pelvic-joint-thrust-manipulation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, Jon B Doan, Howard Vernon
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) has been attributed with substantial non-specific effects. Accurate assessment of the non-specific effects of SMT relies on high-quality studies with low risk of bias that compare to appropriate placebos. PURPOSE: This review aims to characterize the types and qualities of placebo control procedures used in controlled trials of manually-applied, lumbar and pelvic (LP) SMT, and to evaluate the assessment of subject blinding and expectations...
November 22, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884788/the-virtual-dissecting-room-creating-highly-detailed-anatomy-models-for-educational-purposes
#5
Marijn Zilverschoon, Koen L Vincken, Ronald L A W Bleys
INTRODUCTION: Virtual 3D models are powerful tools for teaching anatomy. At the present day, there are a lot of different digital anatomy models, most of these commercial applications are based on a 3D model of a human body reconstructed from images with a 1 millimeter intervals. The use of even smaller intervals may result in more details and more realistic appearances of 3D anatomy models. The aim of this study was to create a realistic and highly detailed 3D model of the hand and wrist based on small interval cross-sectional images, suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes with the possibility to perform a virtual dissection in an educational application...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883046/holding-on-co-evolution-between-infant-carrying-and-grasping-behaviour-in-strepsirrhines
#6
Louise Peckre, Anne-Claire Fabre, Christine E Wall, David Brewer, Erin Ehmke, David Haring, Erin Shaw, Kay Welser, Emmanuelle Pouydebat
The origin and evolution of manual grasping remain poorly understood. The ability to cling requires important grasping abilities and is essential to survive in species where the young are carried in the fur. A previous study has suggested that this behaviour could be a pre-adaptation for the evolution of fine manipulative skills. In this study we tested the co-evolution between infant carrying in the fur and manual grasping abilities in the context of food manipulation. As strepsirrhines vary in the way infants are carried (mouth vs...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875143/annotation-graphs-a-graph-based-visualization-for-meta-analysis-of-data-based-on-user-authored-annotations
#7
Jian Zhao, Michael Glueck, Simon Breslav, Fanny Chevalier, Azam Khan
User-authored annotations of data can support analysts in the activity of hypothesis generation and sensemaking, where it is not only critical to document key observations, but also to communicate insights between analysts. We present annotation graphs, a dynamic graph visualization that enables meta-analysis of data based on user-authored annotations. The annotation graph topology encodes annotation semantics, which describe the content of and relations between data selections, comments, and tags. We present a mixed-initiative approach to graph layout that integrates an analyst's manual manipulations with an automatic method based on similarity inferred from the annotation semantics...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867296/micropositioning-and-control-of-an-underactuated-platform-for-microscopic-applications
#8
Kihan Park, Jaydev P Desai
For automation of biological experiments at the micro-scale, highly precise manipulator equipped with a microscope is required. However, current micropositioning stages have several limitations, such as: 1) manual operation, 2) lack of rotational capability, 3) incompatibility with a microscope, and 4) small range of motion (RoM). This research aims to develop a microscope compatible XYθ micropositioning stage with large RoM for phenotyping multiple biological samples rapidly for various microscopic applications...
December 2016: IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861302/steerable-robot-assisted-micromanipulation-in-the-middle-ear-preliminary-feasibility-evaluation
#9
Rashid Yasin, Brendan P O'Connell, Haoran Yu, Jacob B Hunter, George B Wanna, Alejandro Rivas, Nabil Simaan
HYPOTHESIS: The use of a robotic manipulator with a dexterously orientable gripper will expand the ability of middle ear surgeons to perform precise tasks and access otherwise challenging anatomic regions. BACKGROUND: Middle ear surgery presents unique challenges because of the constrained operative space and limited access to certain anatomic regions. METHODS: A custom-designed robot with a sideways-reaching gripper was used to evaluate feasibility of manipulation tasks in different middle-ear anatomical zones...
November 17, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857639/chiropractic-management-of-a-patient-with-perineal-numbness-after-arthroscopic-hip-surgery-a-case-report
#10
Harold M Olson, Andrew J Zetocha, Courtney A Olson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a patient with postoperative perineal numbness as a result of hip arthroscopy. CLINICAL FEATURES: A female patient presented to a chiropractic clinic with 7 weeks of ongoing perineal numbness after right hip arthroscopic surgery with labral repair. The patient reported lack of sensation during urination, sexual intercourse, and the insertion and removal of female hygienic products into the vagina...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836489/sorbent-device-matrix-and-application-in-microextraction-by-packed-sorbent-meps-a-review
#11
Liu Yang, Rana Said, Mohamed Abdel-Rehim
Microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) is a miniaturized form of the solid-phase extraction, is a green sample pretreatment technology. This green sample pretreatment technology has been widely accepted and used by several research groups online or offline as a sample preparation technique before instrument analysis. MEPS reduces the sample volume size and can easily be connected with different chromatographic techniques without modification. The sorbent bed in MEPS is integrated into a liquid handling syringe that allows for low void volume sample manipulations either manually or in combination with laboratory robotics...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836071/the-treatment-of-neck-pain-associated-disorders-and-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
André E Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Jill Hayden, Brenda Hendrickson, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of neck pain-associated disorders (NADs) and whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). This guideline replaces 2 prior chiropractic guidelines on NADs and WADs. METHODS: Pertinent systematic reviews on 6 topic areas (education, multimodal care, exercise, work disability, manual therapy, passive modalities) were assessed using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and data extracted from admissible randomized controlled trials...
October 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830940/challenges-in-implementing-a-biorisk-management-program-at-universitas-indonesia-a-checklist-tool-for-biorisk-management
#13
Aroem Naroeni, Endang Winiati Bachtiar, Fera Ibrahim, Budiman Bela, Yuni Kusminanti, Ike Pujiriani, Fatma Lestari
Rapid development and advancement of bioresearch at a university's laboratories can have both positive and negative implications for public health and the environment. Many research activities in which biological materials have been created, modified, stored, and manipulated require safety procedures to keep the negative effects on humans and the environment as low as possible. The Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental (OHS&E) Department of the University of Indonesia (UI) is trying to increase the awareness and responsibility of its university members and laboratory staffs who work with biohazard materials by creating a biorisk checklist...
November 10, 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814850/t4-syndrome-a-distinct-theoretical-concept-or-elusive-clinical-entity-a-case-report
#14
Patricia Miyuki Hirai, Oliver P Thomson
T4 syndrome has existed as a clinical concept for more than three decades and it has been identified as a source of upper extremity (UE) symptoms. This case report explores the clinical reasoning in the diagnoses and management of a patient with symptoms consistent with T4-type syndrome and critically discusses the concept of T4 syndrome using recent research to help explain the clinical presentation. Manual therapy treatment focused on stimulation of the sympathetic ganglia, decreasing local upper thoracic pain and UE referral pattern noted during passive examination...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814309/osteopathic-manipulation-as%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-complementary-approach-to%C3%A2-parkinson-s%C3%A2-disease-a%C3%A2-controlled-pilot%C3%A2-study
#15
Joanne DiFrancisco-Donoghue, Theresa Apoznanski, Kristen de Vries, Min-Kyung Jung, Jayme Mancini, Sheldon Yao
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine (OMM) is a therapy of manual forces that is directed to improve function and homeostasis. It has been shown to improve balance in individuals with dizziness, and improve gait in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study was designed to determine if our pre-defined OMM protocol would improve motor function and balance in individuals with PD. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial to test OMM on balance and motor function in PD measured by the Mini-BESTest, Sensory Organization Test (SOT), and MDS-UPDRS...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809905/peyton-s-four-step-approach-for-teaching-complex-spinal-manipulation-techniques-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#16
Gertraud Gradl-Dietsch, Cavan Lübke, Klemens Horst, Melanie Simon, Ali Modabber, Tolga T Sönmez, Ralf Münker, Sven Nebelung, Matthias Knobe
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this prospective randomized trial were to assess the impact of Peyton's four-step approach on the acquisition of complex psychomotor skills and to examine the influence of gender on learning outcomes. METHODS: We randomly assigned 95 third to fifth year medical students to an intervention group which received instructions according to Peyton (PG) or a control group, which received conventional teaching (CG). Both groups attended four sessions on the principles of manual therapy and specific manipulative and diagnostic techniques for the spine...
November 3, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799661/effects-of-manual-therapy-on-shoulder-pain-in-office-workers
#17
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of manual therapy on shoulder pain in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects included 38 office workers who were randomly divided into two groups: a manual therapy group of 19 subjects and a shoulder stabilization exercise group of 19 subjects. All subjects underwent evaluation of the pressure pain threshold in the splenius capitis and upper, middle, and lower trapezius muscles on both sides. The manual therapy used in the study was designed to include soft-tissue mobilization, prone thoracic mobilization, prone selected thoracic mobilization, cervical mobilization, and thoracic manipulation...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797783/pyboolnet-a-python-package-for-the-generation-analysis-and-visualisation-of-boolean-networks
#18
Hannes Klarner, Adam Streck, Heike Siebert
MOTIVATION: The goal of this project is to provide a simple interface to working with Boolean networks. Emphasis is put on easy access to a large number of common tasks including the generation and manipulation of networks, attractor and basin computation, model checking and trap space computation, execution of established graph algorithms as well as graph drawing and layouts. RESULTS: PyBoolNet is a Python package for working with Boolean networks that supports simple access to model checking via NuSMV, standard graph algorithms via NetworkX and visualisation via dot...
October 26, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789552/fingerspelled-and-printed-words-are-recoded-into-a-speech-based-code-in-short-term-memory
#19
Zed Sevcikova Sehyr, Jennifer Petrich, Karen Emmorey
We conducted three immediate serial recall experiments that manipulated type of stimulus presentation (printed or fingerspelled words) and word similarity (speech-based or manual). Matched deaf American Sign Language signers and hearing non-signers participated (mean reading age = 14-15 years). Speech-based similarity effects were found for both stimulus types indicating that deaf signers recoded both printed and fingerspelled words into a speech-based phonological code. A manual similarity effect was not observed for printed words indicating that print was not recoded into fingerspelling (FS)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780248/thesnppit-a-high-performance-database-system-for-managing-large-scale-snp-data
#20
Eildert Groeneveld, Helmut Lichtenberg
The fast development of high throughput genotyping has opened up new possibilities in genetics while at the same time producing considerable data handling issues. TheSNPpit is a database system for managing large amounts of multi panel SNP genotype data from any genotyping platform. With an increasing rate of genotyping in areas like animal and plant breeding as well as human genetics, already now hundreds of thousand of individuals need to be managed. While the common database design with one row per SNP can manage hundreds of samples this approach becomes progressively slower as the size of the data sets increase until it finally fails completely once tens or even hundreds of thousands of individuals need to be managed...
2016: PloS One
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