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Classification CKD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050621/association-of-chronic-kidney-disease-with-in-hospital-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic%C3%A2-valve-replacement
#1
Tanush Gupta, Kashish Goel, Dhaval Kolte, Sahil Khera, Pedro A Villablanca, Wilbert S Aronow, Anna E Bortnick, David P Slovut, Cynthia C Taub, Jorge R Kizer, Robert T Pyo, J Dawn Abbott, Gregg C Fonarow, Charanjit S Rihal, Mario J Garcia, Deepak L Bhatt
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the association of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with in-hospital outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: CKD is a known independent risk factor for worse outcomes after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). However, data on outcomes of patients with CKD undergoing TAVR are limited, especially in those on chronic dialysis. METHODS: The authors used data from the 2012 to 2014 National Inpatient Sample database to identify all patients ≥18 years of age who underwent TAVR...
October 23, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021274/prevalence-and-outcomes-of-left-sided-valvular-heart-disease-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Zainab Samad, Joseph A Sivak, Matthew Phelan, Phillip J Schulte, Uptal Patel, Eric J Velazquez
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an adverse prognostic marker for valve intervention patients; however, the prevalence and related outcomes of valvular heart disease in CKD patients is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Included patients underwent echocardiography (1999-2013), had serum creatinine values within 6 months before index echocardiogram, and had no history of valve surgery. CKD was defined as diagnosis based on the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision or an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951396/comparative-outcomes-of-patients-with-advanced-renal-dysfunction-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-the-united-states-from-2011-to-2014
#3
Divyanshu Mohananey, Brian P Griffin, Lars G Svensson, Zoran B Popovic, E Murat Tuzcu, L Leonardo Rodriguez, Samir R Kapadia, Milind Y Desai
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is intricately linked to aortic stenosis, with over 25% patients presenting for transcatheter aortic valve replacement having chronic kidney disease (CKD). Prevalence and outcomes of patients with CKD, especially those with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), are controversial. We aimed to compare in-hospital outcomes of patients with CKD or ESRD with those patients with no CKD/ESRD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were obtained using the national inpatient sample between the years 2011 and 2014...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949258/measurements-of-renal-shear-wave-velocities-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#4
Yutaka Sasaki, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Takuya Ishikawa, Kyosuke Takeshita, Hidemi Goto
Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have advanced glomerulosclerosis and renal interstitial fibrosis. Shear wave elastography (SWE) is useful to diagnose liver fibrosis. However, there are few data available regarding evaluation of kidney function on the use of SWE. Purpose To assess the utility of SWE by evaluating the correlation between renal function and renal elasticity using SWE. Material and Methods A total of 187 participants who had available serum creatinine levels and also underwent SWE of the kidney using a transabdominal ultrasonography were recruited at Nagoya University Hospital...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941764/kdoqi-us-commentary-on-the-2017-kdigo-clinical-practice-guideline-update-for-the-diagnosis-evaluation-prevention-and%C3%A2-treatment-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone%C3%A2-disorder-ckd-mbd
#5
Tamara Isakova, Thomas L Nickolas, Michelle Denburg, Sri Yarlagadda, Daniel E Weiner, Orlando M Gutiérrez, Vinod Bansal, Sylvia E Rosas, Sagar Nigwekar, Jerry Yee, Holly Kramer
Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) encompasses laboratory and bone abnormalities and vascular calcification and has deleterious effects on clinical outcomes. KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative), an initiative of the National Kidney Foundation, addressed this issue with the publication of a clinical practice guideline for bone metabolism and disease in CKD in 2003, and 2 years later, a new definition and classification scheme for CKD-MBD was developed following a KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) Controversies Conference...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927317/worse-renal-outcome-of-subclass-iv-g-lupus-nephritis-patients-over-iv-s
#6
E J Duque de Sá Carneiro Filho, L B Jorge, L Testagrossa, C Bitencourt, L Yu, V Woronik
Background International Society of Nephrology/ Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) consensus on the classification of lupus nephritis (LN) subdivided class IV into diffuse segmental (IV-S) and diffuse global (IV-G). Nephrologists and nephropathologists believe that this subclassification would be clinically relevant based on hypothetical distinct immunopathogenesis of those subclasses guiding therapy as well as judging prognosis. Methods All adult patients with a renal biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of LN class IV undergoing regular follow-up in the Nephrology Division between January 2004 and December 2014 were enrolled excluding those with diabetes, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV as well as those with insufficient clinical and hystopathological data...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915857/validity-and-reproducibility-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Aurélie Affret, Sandra Wagner, Douae El Fatouhi, Courtney Dow, Emmanuelle Correia, Maryvonne Niravong, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Julie De Chefdebien, Denis Fouque, Bénédicte Stengel, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi
BACKGROUND: A balanced diet is essential to slowing the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and managing the symptoms. Currently, no tool is available to easily and quickly assess energy and macronutrient intake in patients with non end-stage CKD. We aimed to develop and evaluate the validity and reproducibility of a new short 49-item food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) adapted to patients with CKD. METHODS: The CKD-REIN study is a prospective cohort that enrolled 3033 patients with moderate or advanced CKD from a national sample of nephrology clinics...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884500/under-diagnosed-chronic-kidney-disease-in-jordanian-adults-prevalence-and-correlates
#8
Amani A Khalil, Mona A Abed, Muayyad Ahmad, Ayman Hamdan Mansour
BACKGROUND: Jordan has no relevant database or registry by which chronic kidney disease (CKD) would be early identified. The purpose of the present study is to uncover the prevalence of CKD in a national sample of Jordanian patients at high risk and examine the association of CKD with demographic and clinical factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, correlational study that involved 540 outpatients at high risk for CKD. Demographic and clinical data were obtained in the period from September 2013 to March 2014...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873219/treatment-effectiveness-in-heart-failure-with-comorbidity-lung-disease-and-kidney-disease
#9
Jerry H Gurwitz, David J Magid, David H Smith, Grace H Tabada, Sue Hee Sung, Larry A Allen, David D McManus, Robert J Goldberg, Mayra Tisminetzky, Alan S Go
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effectiveness of beta-blocker therapy in individuals with heart failure (HF) and chronic lung disease and of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) in individuals with HF and chronic kidney disease. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) or HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839244/retinal-vascular-imaging-markers-and-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Wanfen Yip, Peng Guan Ong, Boon Wee Teo, Carol Yim-Lui Cheung, E Shyong Tai, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse Lamoureux, Tien Yin Wong, Charumathi Sabanayagam
Retinal microvascular changes indicating microvascular dysfunction have been shown to be associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in cross-sectional studies, but findings were mixed in prospective studies. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between retinal microvascular parameters and incident CKD in an Asian population. We examined 1256 Malay adults aged 40-80 years from the Singapore Malay Eye Study, who attended both the baseline (2004-07) and the follow-up (2011-13) examinations and were free of prevalent CKD...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831679/update-on-the-role-of-bone-biopsy-in-the-management-of-patients-with-ckd-mbd
#11
REVIEW
P Evenepoel, G J S Behets, M R Laurent, P C D'Haese
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of fractures. The fracture risk steadily increases along with the progression of renal disease to become several-fold higher in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients as compared to age and sex-matched controls. Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) is a heterogeneous group of metabolic bone diseases complicating progressive chronic kidney disease. Bone biomarkers and bone imaging techniques may help to assess bone health and predict fractures in CKD, but do have important inherent limitations...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801616/circulating-cd40-and-scd40l-predict-changes-in-renal-function-in-subjects-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Jeffrey X Xie, Helen Alderson, James Ritchie, Philip A Kalra, Yanmei Xie, Kaili Ren, Hanh Nguyen, Tian Chen, Pamela Brewster, Rajesh Gupta, Lance D Dworkin, Deepak Malhotra, Christopher J Cooper, Jiang Tian, Steven T Haller
Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) has been implicated in the development of renal injury. The CD40 receptor exists in a soluble form, sCD40R, and has been shown to function as a competitive antagonist against CD40 activation. We analyzed whether plasma levels of sCD40L and sCD40R predict changes in renal function in an all-cause chronic kidney disease (CKD) cohort. Stratification of subjects based on sCD40L and sCD40R individually, as well as in combination, demonstrated that sCD40L was directly associated with declines in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794824/the-clinical-and-economic-burden-of-hyperkalemia-on-medicare-and-commercial-payers
#13
Kathryn Fitch, J Michael Woolley, Tyler Engel, Helen Blumen
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia (serum potassium >5.0 mEq/L) may be caused by reduced kidney function and drugs affecting the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and is often present in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVE: To quantify the burden of hyperkalemia in US Medicare fee-for-service and commercially insured populations using real-world claims data, focusing on prevalence, comorbidities, mortality, medical utilization, and cost. METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective claims data analysis was performed on patients with hyperkalemia using the 2014 Medicare 5% sample and the 2014 Truven Health Analytics MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounter databases...
June 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765150/heart-failure-increases-the-risk-of-adverse-renal-outcomes-in-patients-with-normal-kidney-function
#14
Lekha K George, Santhosh K G Koshy, Miklos Z Molnar, Fridtjof Thomas, Jun L Lu, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is associated with poor cardiac outcomes and mortality. It is not known whether HF leads to poor renal outcomes in patients with normal kidney function. We hypothesized that HF is associated with worse long-term renal outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 3 570 865 US veterans with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL min(-1) 1.73 m(-2) during October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2006, we identified 156 743 with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of HF...
August 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747298/estimating-one-year-risk-of-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-retrospective-development-and-validation-study-using-electronic-medical-record-data-from-the-state-of-maine
#15
Shiying Hao, Tianyun Fu, Qian Wu, Bo Jin, Chunqing Zhu, Zhongkai Hu, Yanting Guo, Yan Zhang, Yunxian Yu, Terry Fouts, Phillip Ng, Devore S Culver, Shaun T Alfreds, Frank Stearns, Karl G Sylvester, Eric Widen, Doff B McElhinney, Xuefeng B Ling
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health concern in the United States with high prevalence, growing incidence, and serious adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate a model to identify patients at risk of receiving a new diagnosis of CKD (incident CKD) during the next 1 year in a general population. METHODS: The study population consisted of patients who had visited any care facility in the Maine Health Information Exchange network any time between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015, and had no history of CKD diagnosis...
July 26, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706750/a-reduced-set-of-features-for-chronic-kidney-disease-prediction
#16
Rajesh Misir, Malay Mitra, Ranjit Kumar Samanta
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the life-threatening diseases. Early detection and proper management are solicited for augmenting survivability. As per the UCI data set, there are 24 attributes for predicting CKD or non-CKD. At least there are 16 attributes need pathological investigations involving more resources, money, time, and uncertainties. The objective of this work is to explore whether we can predict CKD or non-CKD with reasonable accuracy using less number of features. An intelligent system development approach has been used in this study...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693441/ckd-epi-creatinine-cystatin-c-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimation-equation-seems-more-suitable-for-chinese-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-than-other-equations
#17
Xiao-Hua Chi, Gui-Ping Li, Quan-Shi Wang, Yong-Shuai Qi, Kai Huang, Qian Zhang, Yao-Ming Xue
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the optimal equation that accurately estimates the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage in the Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 1296 Chinese patients aged 18-65 years old were enrolled in this study. The estimated GFRs (eGFRs) calculated separately by three Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations and three Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations were compared with the reference GFR (rGFR) measured by the (99)Tc(m)-DTPA renal dynamic imaging method...
July 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683079/validation-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimating-equations-in-chinese-children
#18
Ke Zheng, Mengchun Gong, Yan Qin, Hongmei Song, Ximin Shi, Yuan Wu, Fang Li, Xuemei Li
BACKGROUND: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is essential for renal function evaluation and classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD), while the reference method in children are cumbersome. In the Chinese children, there was no data about GFR measured through plasma or renal clearance of the exogenous markers, and therefore no validated GFR-estimating tools in this population. METHODS: We measured GFR with double-sample plasma clearance of 99mTc-DTPA (mGFR) in 87 hospitalized children with renal injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678812/augmented-renal-clearance-is-not-a-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-enterobacteriaceae-bloodstream-infections-treated-with-appropriate-empiric-antimicrobials
#19
Jason P Burnham, Scott T Micek, Marin H Kollef
The main objective of the study was to assess whether augmented renal clearance was a risk factor for mortality in a cohort of patients with Enterobacteriaceae sepsis, severe sepsis, or septic shock that all received appropriate antimicrobial therapy within 12 hours. Using a retrospective cohort from Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a 1,250-bed teaching hospital, we collected data on individuals with Enterobacteriaceae sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock who received appropriate initial antimicrobial therapy between June 2009 and December 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626472/in-iga-nephropathy-glomerulosclerosis-is-associated-with-increased-urinary-cd80-excretion-and-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-receptor-positive-podocyturia
#20
Hernán Trimarchi, Romina Canzonieri, Amalia Schiel, Cristian Costales-Collaguazo, Aníbal Stern, Matías Paulero, Tatiana Rengel, José Andrews, Alejandro Iotti, Mariano Forrester, Fernando Lombi, Vanesa Pomeranz, Romina Iriarte, Alexis Muryan, Elsa Zotta
BACKGROUND: Podocyturia may determine the evolution to podocytopenia, glomerulosclerosis, and renal failure. According to the Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the S1 lesion describes glomerulosclerosis. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) participates in podocyte attachment, while CD80 increases in glomerulosclerosis. We measured uPAR-positive urinary podocytes and urinary CD80 (uCD80) in controls and in IgAN subjects with M1E0S0T0 and M1E0S1T0 Oxford scores to assess a potential association between podocyturia, inflammation, and glomerulosclerosis...
May 2017: Nephron Extra
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