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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437864/chronic-kidney-disease-mortality-trends-in-selected-central-america-countries-1997-2013-clues-to-an-epidemic-of-chronic-interstitial-nephritis-of-agricultural-communities
#1
Pedro Ordunez, F Javier Nieto, Ramon Martinez, Patricia Soliz, Gloria P Giraldo, Susan Anne Mott, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: In Central America, chronic interstitial nephritis of agricultural communities (CINAC) has reached epidemic proportions. Clusters of cases have been described in several farming communities. Its aetiology remains uncertain and a controversy exists on its key triggers, among them the heat stress-dehydration mechanism and the toxic exposure to agrochemicals. METHODS: This study analysed the mortality pattern and trend of chronic kidney disease code N18 (CKD-N18) according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems-10th Revision, the proxy and the underlying cause of death, in four selected Central American countries from 1997 to 2013...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430200/exploring-sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
REVIEW
Gaurav Nigam, Macario Camacho, Edward T Chang, Muhammad Riaz
Kidney disorders have been associated with a variety of sleep-related disorders. Therefore, researchers are placing greater emphasis on finding the role of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the development of obstructive sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome. Unfortunately, the presence of other sleep-related disorders with CKDs and non-CKDs has not been investigated with the same clinical rigor. Recent studies have revealed that myriad of sleep disorders are associated with CKDs. Furthermore, there are a few non-CKD-related disorders that are associated with sleep disorders...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416767/the-prevalence-and-association-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-diabetes-in-liver-cirrhosis-using-different-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-equation
#3
Cheng-Yi Chen, Cheng-Jui Lin, Chih-Sheng Lin, Fang-Ju Sun, Chi-Feng Pan, Han-Hsiang Chen, Chih-Jen Wu
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in cirrhosis is one of the dreaded complications associated with a steep rise in mortality and morbidity, including diabetes. There are limited data on the prevalence of CKD and the association with diabetes in outpatients with cirrhosis. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study of 7,440 adult liver cirrhosis patients enrolled from August 2001 to April 2010 in a medical center. Case control matching by age and sex with 1,967 pairs, and conditional logistic regression for odds of diabetes was analyzed using adjusted model...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408640/importance-of-frequency-and-morphological-characteristics-of-nodular-diabetic-glomerulosclerosis-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#4
Fumihiko Yasuda, Akiko Mii, Megumi Morita, Michiko Aoki, Masako Tagawa, Sae Aratani, Tomohiro Kaneko, Yukinao Sakai, Akira Shimizu
The Renal Pathology Society proposed a pathological classification for diabetic nephropathy (DN) (RPS 2010). We retrospectively examined the renal structural-functional relationships using the RPS 2010 classification in 49 DN cases. We also evaluated the importance of the percentage of glomeruli with nodular diabetic glomerulosclerosis and their morphological characteristics (cellular, cellular and extracellular matrix [ECM] or ECM types) in the pathology of DN. The classes of DN (RPS 2010) were significantly correlated with the duration of diabetes mellitus (DM), degree of proteinuria, a decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and the stages of Japanese clinical DM and chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
February 1, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399366/nephrology-econsults-for-primary-care-providers-original-investigation
#5
Erin Keely, Jennifer Li, Peter Magner, Amir Afkham, Clare Liddy
Background: The Champlain BASE™ (Building Access to Specialists through eConsultation) eConsult service allows primary care providers (PCPs) to submit patient-specific clinical questions to specialists via a secure web service. Objective: Our objective was to describe the types of nephrology questions asked through an eConsult service based in eastern Ontario and assess the service's impact on the need for face-to-face consultations. Design: Cross-sectional study using descriptive statistics was conducted using nephrology cases submitted between May 2011 and January 2015...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393120/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-thrombotic-cardiovascular-events-and-use-of-oral-p2y12-inhibitors-among-veterans
#6
Manisha Singh, Deepa Raghavan, James S Williams, Bradley C Martin, Teresa J Hudson, Richard R Owen, Nishank Jain
BACKGROUND: Contemporary prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and thrombotic cardiovascular (CV) events remains unclear in Veterans enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System (VA) care. Although oral P2Y12 inhibitors (P2Y12i) are increasingly being prescribed to this patient population, the overall prescription trend for P2Y12i remains unclear. METHODS: Using national VA corporate warehouse data, we used International Classification of Diseases-9 codes to identify Veterans with CKD, dialysis-dependent CKD, and CV events...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383256/assessment-of-chronic-kidney-disease-using-skin-texture-as-a-key-parameter-for-south-indian-population
#7
Madhanlal Udhayarasu, Kalpana Ramakrishnan, Soundararajan Periasamy
Periodical monitoring of renal function, specifically for subjects with history of diabetic or hypertension would prevent them from entering into chronic kidney disease (CKD) condition. The recent increase in numbers may be due to food habits or lack of physical exercise, necessitates a rapid kidney function monitoring system. Presently, it is determined by evaluating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that is mainly dependent on serum creatinine value and demographic parameters and ethnic value. Attempted here is to develop ethnic parameter based on skin texture for every individual...
December 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358450/screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-community-based-diabetes-cohort-in-rural-guatemala-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
David Flood, Pablo Garcia, Kate Douglas, Jessica Hawkins, Peter Rohloff
OBJECTIVE: Screening is a key strategy to address the rising burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in low-income and middle-income countries. However, there are few reports regarding the implementation of screening programmes in resource-limited settings. The objectives of this study are to (1) to share programmatic experiences implementing CKD screening in a rural, resource-limited setting and (2) to assess the burden of renal disease in a community-based diabetes programme in rural Guatemala...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342308/chronic-kidney-disease-burden-among-african-migrants-in-three-european-countries-and-in-urban-and-rural-ghana-the-rodam-cross-sectional-study
#9
David N Adjei, Karien Stronks, Dwomoa Adu, Erik Beune, Karlijn Meeks, Liam Smeeth, Juliet Addo, Ellis Owuso-Dabo, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah, Joachim Spranger, Silver Bahendeka, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Charles Agyemang
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major burden among sub-Saharan African (SSA) populations. However, differences in CKD prevalence between rural and urban settings in Africa, and upon migration to Europe are unknown. We therefore assessed the differences in CKD prevalence among homogenous SSA population (Ghanaians) residing in rural and urban Ghana and in three European cities, and whether conventional risk factors of CKD explained the observed differences. Furthermore, we assessed whether the prevalence of CKD varied among individuals with hypertension and diabetes compared with individuals without these conditions...
January 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340312/ckd-screening-and-surveillance-in-australia-past-present-and-future
#10
REVIEW
Sree K Venuthurupalli, Wendy E Hoy, Helen G Healy, Anne Cameron, Robert G Fassett
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was largely a hidden health problem until the publication of an internationally agreed approach to its identification, monitoring, and treatment. The 2002 National Kidney Foundation CKD classification and the subsequent 2006 Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) recommendations are powerful tools for translating thinking about CKD into clinical practice. These guidelines were strongly endorsed by the international community, including Australia, and were incorporated into CKD practice guidelines...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338014/value-of-adding-the-renal-pathological-score-to-the-kidney-failure-risk-equation-in-advanced-diabetic-nephropathy
#11
Masayuki Yamanouchi, Junichi Hoshino, Yoshifumi Ubara, Kenmei Takaichi, Keiichi Kinowaki, Takeshi Fujii, Kenichi Ohashi, Koki Mise, Tadashi Toyama, Akinori Hara, Kiyoki Kitagawa, Miho Shimizu, Kengo Furuichi, Takashi Wada
BACKGROUND: There have been a limited number of biopsy-based studies on diabetic nephropathy, and therefore the clinical importance of renal biopsy in patients with diabetes in late-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) is still debated. We aimed to clarify the renal prognostic value of pathological information to clinical information in patients with diabetes and advanced CKD. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 493 type 2 diabetics with biopsy-proven diabetic nephropathy in four centers in Japan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318212/timely-referral-to-outpatient-nephrology-care-slows-progression-and-reduces-treatment-costs-of-chronic-kidney-diseases
#12
Gerhard Lonnemann, Johannes Duttlinger, David Hohmann, Lennart Hickstein, Helmut Reichel
Introduction: We present a new approach to evaluate the importance of ambulatory nephrology care in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: An anonymized health claims database of German insurance companies was searched in a retrospective analysis for patients with CKD using the codes of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th German modification. A total of 105,219 patients with CKD were identified. Patients were assigned to the group "timely referral," when nephrology care was present in the starting year 2009, or initiated during the following 3 years in CKD1-4...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283473/international-statistical-classification-of-diseases-and-related-health-problems-coding-underestimates-the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-general-medical-patients
#13
Soe Ko, Sudharsan Venkatesan, Kushma Nand, Vicki Levidiotis, Craig Nelson, Edward Janus
BACKGROUND: The International classification of diseases (ICD) code is frequently used to identify renal impairment in epidemiologic research. However, Australian studies examining accuracy of this administrative data in coding kidney injury are lacking. AIMS: To compare the ICD 10 coding with the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria in diagnosing Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) and/or Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: A retrospective study of 325 patients admitted to General Medicine during January 2012 was performed...
December 28, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249230/full-age-spectrum-equation-may-be-an-alternative-method-to-estimate-the-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-chinese-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease%C3%A2
#14
Lingxiong Chai, Meifang Wang, Kedan Cai, Qun Luo, Haihong Yi, Jianyong Wu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the full age spectrum (FAS) equation in comparison to other equations in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) for the first time in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) obtained by the 99mTc-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid renogram was used as the reference standard. Bias, precision, and accuracy were analyzed to identify which of these four equations performed better: FAS equation, the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation, the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation and the Berlin Initiative Study-1 (BIS-1) equation...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240709/prevalence-of-albuminuria-in-children-living-in-a-rural-agricultural-and-fishing-subsistence-community-in-lake-chapala-mexico
#15
Felipe Lozano-Kasten, Erick Sierra-Diaz, Alfredo de Jesus Celis-de la Rosa, María Margarita Soto Gutiérrez, Alejandro Aarón Peregrina Lucano
The occurrence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) of unknown etiology in autochthonous child populations residing along the Lake Chapala lakeshore is endemic (Jalisco, México). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of albuminuria in the pediatric population and to measure the glomerular filtration rate in children with two positive albuminuria tests. Urinary albumin was measured in 394 children. Subjects with two or more positive albuminuria test donated blood samples for the determination of serum biomarkers...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233630/higher-risk-of-renal-disease-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-antiviral-therapy-survival-benefit-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#16
Jonas Söderholm, Charlotta Millbourn, Katharina Büsch, Jan Kövamees, Robert Schvarcz, Karin Lindahl, Annette Bruchfeld
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies have shown that chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection has a negative impact on kidney function, as well as survival, in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or on hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this nationwide registry study was to describe renal disease in Swedish CHC patients METHODS: In the present study, patients were identified for CHC (B18.2) and CKD (N18) according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 in the nationwide Swedish inpatient care day surgery (1997-2013) and non-primary outpatient care (2001-2013) patient registries...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218971/an-evaluation-of-medication-reconciliation-in-an-outpatient-nephrology-clinic
#17
Matthew Phillips, Jo-Anne Wilson, Amany Aly, Marsha Wood, Penelope Poyah, Sarah Drost, Anne Hiltz, Holly Carver
Background: Accreditation Canada recognizes medication reconciliation as a key required organizational practice (ROP) to enhance patient safety. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) carry a high risk for adverse drug events due to multiple co-morbidities, using many medications, and being cared for by many practitioners. Data evaluating the benefits of ambulatory medication reconciliation (AmbMR) in patients with advanced CKD is limited. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated types and rates of medication discrepancies and their potential index for patient harm using the Cornish classification system in a cohort of consecutive non-dialysis-dependent CKD stage 5 patients who received AmbMR...
April 2017: CANNT Journal, Journal ACITN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199440/annals-express-a-study-of-high-middle-and-low-molecular-weight-adiponectin-in-urine-as-a-surrogate-marker-for-early-diabetic-nephropathy-using-ultra-sensitive-ict-eia
#18
Mayumi Yamamoto, Yuki Hujimoto, Shino Hayashi, Seiichi Hashida
BACKGROUND: For the early identification of patients at risk of developing diabetic nephropathy, we have developed an ultra-sensitive immune complex transfer enzyme immunoassay (ICT-EIA) to measure adiponectin in urine. METHODS: We developed ICT-EIA for adiponectin and measured urinary adiponectin from 70 healthy subjects, 35 obese non-diabetic subjects and 20 patients with diabetes. RESULTS: The urinary adiponectin levels in patients with diabetes (3...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148546/-chronic-kidney-disease-the-relevant-information-for-an-occupational-physician
#19
REVIEW
Marcin Renke, Jacek Parszuto, Marcin Rybacki, Wojciech Wołyniec, Przemysław Rutkowski, Bolesław Rutkowski, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
For a number of years chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been listed in the group of lifestyle diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension. It is estimated that in Poland more than 4 million people may suffer from various stages of CKD. Chronic kidney disease may also be a consequence of all the other civilization diseases. At the same time it is worth noting that nephrological problems are increasingly being taken into account in modern medical certification. The aim of this work is, among other things, to improve safe access to the labor for patients with kidney diseases...
November 8, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148006/autogenous-forearm-loop-arteriovenous-fistula-creation
#20
Weng Jun Tang, Arman Zaharil Mat Saad
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula is a lifeline for end-stage kidney disease patients on dialysis. The quality of the vein and artery to be used plays a crucial role in attaining a functioning, reliable and long-lasting arteriovenous fistula. The aim of the study is to present an alternative for haemodialysis access to preserve the upper arm vasculature for future use - the forearm loop arteriovenous fistula. METHODS: From October 2015 to September 2016, 202 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), stages 4 and 5, underwent arteriovenous fistula creation at the Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, Malaysia...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
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