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Classification CKD

Shinichi Hikasa, Megumi Yasuda, Kyoko Hideta, Mai Kawakami, Satoshi Higasa, Akihiro Sawada, Tazuko Tokugawa, Takeshi Kimura
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is recognized with increasing frequency among the noninfectious comorbidities associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) has been shown to be a new biomarker to screen for not only tubulointerstitial damage but also kidney dysfunction. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to determine the association between the urinary L-FABP and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among 77 HIV-infected Japanese patients by backward-stepwise multivariable logistic regression...
October 19, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chao-Hsiang Chang, His-Chin Wu, Wen-Chi Chen, I-Kuan Wang, Yao Lung Liu, Fung-Chang Sung, Yen-Jung Chang, Chia-Hung Kao
Large cohort studies on whether any association existed between urological interventions for urolithiasis and the development of CKD are lacking. From claims data of the National Health Insurance (NHI) program of Taiwan, we identified 54,433 patients newly diagnosed with urolithiasis during 1998-2010. For each case, four individuals without urolithiasis were randomly selected and frequency matched by age, sex, and diagnosis year. Both groups were followed up until the end of 2010. Incident CKD events were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code in the NHI registration database...
October 19, 2016: Urolithiasis
James T McCarthy, Rokea A El-Azhary, Michelle T Patzelt, Amy L Weaver, Robert C Albright, Alina D Bridges, Paul L Claus, Mark D P Davis, John J Dillon, Ziad M El-Zoghby, LaTonya J Hickson, Rajiv Kumar, Robert D McBane, Kathleen A M McCarthy-Fruin, Marian T McEvoy, Mark R Pittelkow, David A Wetter, Amy W Williams
OBJECTIVE: To report on the survival and the associations of treatments upon survival of patients with calciphylaxis seen at a single center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnosis code of 275.49 and the keyword "calciphylaxis" in the dismissal narrative, we retrospectively identified 101 patients with calciphylaxis seen at our institution between January 1, 1999, through September 20, 2014, using a predefined, consensus-developed classification scheme...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Aleksandra Nowicka, Thomas Selvaraj
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing elective hip and knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The study was conducted in a district general hospital in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: All patients undergoing elective hip and knee arthroplasty over a period of 6 months were included in the study. MEASUREMENT: Preoperative and postoperative serum creatinine concentration was recorded in all patients...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Rajiv Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) is associated with greater target organ damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy, increased arterial stiffness and albuminuria. Whether MUCH independently associates with greater cardiovascular end-organ damage or kidney damage is unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the strength of the relationship of MUCH (awake ambulatory blood pressure ≥135/85 mmHg and clinic blood pressure <140/90 mmHg) with target organ damage...
September 20, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Keng Thye Woo, Cynthia C Lim, Marjorie W Y Foo, Hwai L Loh, Ai Zhen Jin, Yok Mooi Chin, Jason C J Choo, Puay Hoon Tan, Khuan Yew Chow, Lina H L Choong, Han Khim Tan, Kok Seng Wong, Choong Meng Chan
BACKGROUND: In 1985 we reported that 11% of a cohort of 151 patients with IgA nephritis (IgAN) had developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD) after a follow-up period of 5 years. 15 years later, 35% had developed ESRD. METHODS: We retrieved 125 stored renal biopsy paraffin blocks of the original cohort. From these, 102 patients were included in the present study and scored according to the Oxford classification as 21 specimens with less than 8 glomeruli were excluded and in 2 others, tissue samples were too tiny for a re-block...
November 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Takeshi Tokoroyama, Minoru Ando, Kyogo Setoguchi, Ken Tsuchiya, Kosaku Nitta
BACKGROUND: The prevalence, incidence and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have not been fully understood in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 1077 RA patients from July 2004 to June 2014. CKD was defined as either proteinuria ≥1+ or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) or both, according to the current CKD classification with risk categories for future death, end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular disease...
September 16, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Thomas A Mavrakanas, David M Charytan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review article focuses on the most significant cardiovascular complications in dialysis patients [sudden cardiac death (SCD), acute coronary syndromes, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation]. RECENT FINDINGS: Current and ongoing research aims to quantify the rate and pattern of significant arrhythmia in dialysis patients and to determine the predominant mechanism of SCD. Preliminary findings from these studies suggest a high rate of atrial fibrillation and that bradycardia and asystole may be more frequent than ventricular arrhythmia as a cause of sudden death...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Spomenka Kristic, Sabina Prevljak, Irmina Sefic Pasic
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents a serious public health problem due to the increase in incidence and prevalence of this disease worldwide. Given the significant morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the population of patients with CKD, and the fact that dyslipidemia itself is a risk factor for CVD, increases the importance of lipid metabolism study in patients with CKD. GOAL: Evaluate the lipid status of patients with chronic kidney disease...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Joerg C Schefold, Gerasimos Filippatos, Gerd Hasenfuss, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
Heart failure (HF) is a major health-care problem and the prognosis of affected patients is poor. HF often coexists with a number of comorbidities of which declining renal function is of particular importance. A loss of glomerular filtration rate, as in acute kidney injury (AKI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD), independently predicts mortality and accelerates the overall progression of cardiovascular disease and HF. Importantly, cardiac and renal diseases interact in a complex bidirectional and interdependent manner in both acute and chronic settings...
October 2016: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Kyle A Blum, David J Paulucci, Ronney Abaza, Daniel D Eun, Akshay Bhandari, Joan C Delto, Louis S Krane, Ashok K Hemal, Ketan K Badani
OBJECTIVE: To compare renal function outcome between a contemporary cohort of propensity score-matched patients undergoing main renal artery clamping (MAC) alone and those undergoing main renal artery clamping with renal vein clamping (MVAC) during robotic partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a solitary T1 renal mass undergoing robotic partial nephrectomy were propensity score-matched on American Society of Anesthesiologists score, RENAL Nephrometry score, tumor size, tumor laterality, and operating surgeon to provide 66 patients undergoing MAC and 66 patients undergoing MVAC for analysis...
August 26, 2016: Urology
Kylie Ngu, David Reid, Antony Tobin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of CKD is increasing in Australia and is independently associated with a higher risk of hospitalisation and death. Australian data may be useful in guiding improved hospital management of this growing cohort of patients. AIM: To assess and compare the trends and outcomes for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients requiring hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) admission at a tertiary referral hospital and state public hospitals. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all acute care admissions to St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne and all Victorian public hospitals, using the Victorian Admitted Data Set (VAED), for the years 2010 to 2014 inclusive to determine CKD prevalence, demographic and outcome associations...
August 23, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Michael V Rocco, Arlene Chapman, Glenn M Chertow, Debbie Cohen, Jing Chen, Jeffrey A Cutler, Matthew J Diamond, Barry I Freedman, Amret Hawfield, Eric Judd, Anthony A Killeen, Kent Kirchner, Cora E Lewis, Nicholas M Pajewski, Barry M Wall, Jerry Yee
BACKGROUND: Interventional trials have used either the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) or chronic kidney disease (CKD)-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation for determination of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to define whether participants have stages 3-5 CKD. The equation used to calculate eGFR may influence the number and characteristics of participants designated as having CKD. METHODS: We examined the classification of CKD at baseline using both equations in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT)...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
Nuthar Jassam, Cas WeyKamp, Annette Thomas, Sandra Secchiero, Mario Plebani, Laura Sciacovelli, Marc Thelen, Christa Cobbaert, Carmen Perich, Carmen Ricos, Ana-Paula Faria, Julian H Barth
INTRODUCTION: Reliable serum creatinine measurements are of vital importance for the correct classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and early identification of kidney injury. The National Kidney Disease Education Programme (NKDEP) working group and other groups have defined clinically acceptable analytical limits for creatinine methods. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the performance of routine creatinine methods in the light of these defined limits so as to assess their suitability for clinical practice...
August 5, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
I R Adekunle-Olarinde, S J McCall, R S Barlas, A D Wood, A B Clark, J H Bettencourt-Silva, A K Metcalf, K M Bowles, R L Soiza, J F Potter, P K Myint
OBJECTIVES: To examine the usefulness of including sodium (Na) levels as a criterion to the SOAR stroke score in predicting inpatient and 7-day mortality in stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Stroke & TIA register (2003-2015) were analysed. Univariate and then multivariate models controlling for SOAR variables were used to assess the association between admission sodium levels and inpatient and 7-day mortality. The prognostic ability of the SOAR and SOAR Na scores for mortality outcomes at both time points were then compared using the Area Under the Curve (AUC) values from the Receiver Operating Characteristic curves...
July 10, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Claudia Pontillo, Lotte Jacobs, Jan A Staessen, Joost P Schanstra, Peter Rossing, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Justyna Siwy, William Mullen, Antonia Vlahou, Harald Mischak, Ray Vanholder, Petra Zürbig, Joachim Jankowski
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression is currently assessed by a decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and/or an increase in urinary albumin excretion (UAE). However, these markers are considered either to be late-stage markers or to have low sensitivity or specificity. In this study, we investigated the performance of the urinary proteome-based classifier CKD273, compared with UAE, in a number of different narrow ranges of CKD severity, with each range separated by an eGFR of 10 mL/min/1...
July 6, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Trijntje J W Rennie, Andrea Patton, Tobias Dreischulte, Samira Bell
BACKGROUND: Incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), requiring dialysis, is on the rise globally and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. AIM: This study is aimed at examining the incidence of AKI requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the Tayside region of Scotland and the impact of RRT for AKI on morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stay. METHODS: One hundred seventy eight patients (>18 years of age) who received acute RRT between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012 were retrospectively selected for inclusion in the longitudinal cohort study...
2016: Nephron
S A Jaffar Naqvi, Shahid Ahsan, Asher Fawwad, Abdul Basit, A Samad Shera
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in normotensive patient with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A two year non-placebo control prospective study was conducted after ethical approval at Diabetes Centre of Diabetic Association of Pakistan, a WHO collaborating centre in Karachi, Pakistan. All patients with type 1 diabetes visited the out-patients department from August 2009 till July 2011 and those who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were invited to participate...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Paul P Heideman, Mohammad Reza Rajebi, Michael A McKusick, Haraldur Bjarnason, Gustavo S Oderich, Jeremy L Friese, Mark D Fleming, Andrew H Stockland, William S Harmsen, Jay Mandrekar, Sanjay Misra
PURPOSE: To evaluate effect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on all-cause mortality, major adverse limb event (MALE), MALE and postoperative death (MALE + POD), and amputation after endovascular treatment of femoropopliteal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review from January 2002 to October 2011 was performed of 440 patients who underwent endovascular treatment of symptomatic femoropopliteal disease for claudication (n = 251) or critical limb ischemia (CLI) (n = 267)...
August 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
M O Faroque, K M Hadiuzzaman, S F Islam, R M Hossain, M N Islam, A H Ahmed, P I Ahmed, M R Alam
Over a period of 3 years (January 2011 to December 2013) 100 cases of Lupus nephritis patients admitted in nephrology department of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) were evaluated. Their clinical characteristics, biochemical parameters, renal histology according to WHO classification were categorized and their treatment modalities and outcome was observed. Among 100 patients, 84 were female and 16 were male, with F:M ratio 5:1. Mean age of female were 23±4 years and male were 29±4 years, mean BP in male was systolic 135±8 mmHg, diastolic 80±9mmHg and in female systolic was 130±7mmHg, diastolic 75±6 mmHg, mean Serum Creatinine for male was 180±12μmol/L and mean serum creatinine in female was 170±20μmol/L...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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