Read by QxMD icon Read

CA 15-3

Guangwei Geng, Zhongju Wang, Penglei Chen, Bo Guan, Changchun Yang, Minghua Liu
Porphyrin-based supramolecular nanoassemblies of a spherical morphology have been attracting broad interest owing to their wide application possibilities in numerous fields of paramount significance. Most of the existing assembly protocols, however, either suffer from the requirement of elaborately-designed yet tediously-synthesized ad hoc porphyrins, the use of surfactant templates, or accurate consideration of the experimental parameters etc. The initiation of a facile surfactant-free fabrication protocol performable under ambient conditions using commercial porphyrins as building blocks is strongly desired...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
William Becker, Philippe Hujoel, Burton E Becker
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies indicate implants placed immediately after extraction or with minimally invasive procedures have excellent long-term success and survival rates. There is general agreement that implants must be stable after implant placement. This study evaluated implant stability changes from the time of implant placement to second stage (prior to restoration). Resonance frequency analysis (RFA) was determined for two commercially available units (Osstell, Osstell USA, Columbia, MD and Penguin, Penguin Integration Diagnostics, Sweden)...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Natsuki Monai, Kodai Yamauchi, Reiko Tanabu, Takayuki Gonome, Sei-Ichi Ishiguro, Mitsuru Nakazawa
PURPOSE: To characterize the optical coherence tomography (OCT) appearances of photoreceptor degeneration in the rhodopsin P23H transgenic rat (line 2) in relation to the histological, ultrastructural, and electroretinography (ERG) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Homozygous rhodopsin P23H transgenic albino rats (line 2, very-slow degeneration model) were employed. Using OCT (Micron IV®; Phoenix Research Labs, Pleasanton, CA, USA), the natural course of photoreceptor degeneration was recorded from postnatal day (P) 15 to P 287...
2018: PloS One
Jie-Qiong Liu, Guang-Yan Cai, Shuang Liang, Wen-Ling Wang, Si-Yang Wang, Fang-Lei Zhu, Sa-Sa Nie, Zhe Feng, Xiang-Mei Chen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) with a poor prognosis in the elderly has been increasing each year. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of and risk factors for death from AKI in the elderly and help improve prognosis. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective cohort study based on data from adult patients (≥18 years old) admitted to 15 hospitals in China between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011. The characteristics of AKI in the elderly were compared with those in younger patients...
March 7, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Silvia Valero, Eduardo López-Briz, Nieves Vila, Antonio Solana, Mar Melero, Jose Luis Poveda
Assuring healthcare workers security on Hazardous Drugs (HD) compounding is critical in healthcare settings. Our study aims to demonstrate that the use of a Close System drug Transfer Device (CSTD) PhaSeal™ added to a decontamination process reduces antiblastic surface contamination levels in the Compounding Area (CA) of our Pharmacy Department (PD). We selected cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil and iphosphamide to be evaluated. Testing was carried out with a wipe kit and quantified by an independent laboratory...
March 3, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
L Han, Q B Dong, Y C Wei, A C Zheng, J X Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, X S Cheng
Objective: To investigate the effect and related mechanism of homocysteine (Hcy) on calcium overload in neonatal rat atrial cells (NRICs). Methods: NRICs were assigned to 9 groups after culture for 3 days: (1) control group; (2) Hcy group (0, 50, 100, 200, 500 μmol/L for 48 hours); (3) antioxidant group (NAC, 10 μmol/L for 24 hours); (4) Hcy+NAC group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 10 μmol/L NAC for 24 hours); (5) calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase Ⅱδ (CaMKⅡδ) inhibitor group (KN-93, 3 μmol/L KN-93 for 5 hours); (6) specific sodium current inhibitor group (ELE, 1 μmol/L ELE for 5 hours); (7) Hcy+KN-93 group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 3 μmol/L KN-93 for 5 hours); (8) Hcy+ELE group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 1 μmol/L ELE for 5 hours; (9) Hcy+KN-93+ELE group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 3 μmol/L KN-93 and 1 μmol/L ELE for 5 hours)...
February 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Akiyoshi Hirayama, Hiroshi Abe, Nozomi Yamaguchi, Sho Tabata, Masaru Tomita, Tomoyoshi Soga
A sheath-flow interface is the most common ionization technique in CE-ESI-MS. However, this interface dilutes the analytes with the sheath liquid and decreases the sensitivity. In this study, we developed a sheathless CE-MS interface to improve sensitivity. The interface was fabricated by making small crack approximately 2 cm from the end of a capillary column fixed on a plastic plate, and then covering the crack with a dialysis membrane to prevent metabolite loss during separation. A voltage for CE separation was applied between the capillary inlet and the buffer reservoir...
March 1, 2018: Electrophoresis
Yingji Jin, Seung Cheol Kim, Hyoung Jin Kim, Woong Ju, Yun Hwan Kim, Hong-Jin Kim
There has been no attempt to apply protein-based markers of exfoliated cervical cells (ECCs) for primary screening of cervical cancer. In the present study, the levels of six tumor-associated protein [TAPs: Sialyl Lewis A (SLeA), Cancer Antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3), p53, heat shock protein (Hsp)70, Hsp27 and squamous cervical carcinoma antigen (SCCA)]and of two human papillomavirus (HPV) viral proteins (HPV16 E7 and HPV16 L1) of ECCs lysates were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs).The wells of 96-well plates were coated with the ECCs lysates from normal, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) I, CIN II, CIN III and cancer groups, and candidate proteins were detected by relevant antibodies...
February 28, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Alexandra Thornadtsson, Anders Lind, Tomas Weitoft, Marieann Högman
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by bone and joint destruction, but other organ systems can also be involved. Recent studies have suggested that the disease may start in the lungs. Exhaled nitric oxide (FE NO) is a marker of inflammation. The aims of the study were to compare the NO parameters between subjects with RA and healthy control subjects, and to examine whether the NO parameters correlated with lung function and disease activity in the subjects with RA...
February 24, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Andrew M Smith, Michael L Dunn, Laura K Jefferies, Dennis L Egget, Frost M Steele
This research was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a concentrated buffered vinegar product (CBV) and a simple buffered vinegar product (BV) for controlling Clostridium perfringens outgrowth during extended cooling times of ready-to-eat roast turkey and roast beef. Whole turkey breasts and beef inside rounds were injected with a typical brine and then ground and mixed with CBV (0.0, 2.01, 2.70, and 3.30% [w/w]) or BV (0.0, 1.75, 2.25, and 3.75% [w/w]) and a three-strain C. perfringens spore cocktail to a detectable level of ca...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
G B Marks, N V Nhung, T A Nguyen, N B Hoa, T H Khoa, N V Son, N T B Phuong, D M Tin, J Ho, G J Fox
SETTING: The study was conducted in a randomly selected sample of persons aged 15 years living in Ca Mau Province, southern Viet Nam. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) in the general adult population of this province of Viet Nam. The secondary objective was to examine age and sex differences in prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a cluster-random sample of the population...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Kun Deng, Yong Zhang, Xue-Dong Tong
Methods based on potentiometric measurement have been developed for immunoassays, but most exhibit low sensitivities and are unsuitable for early diagnosis of disease. Herein we design a new potentiometric immunosensing platform for the sensitive detection of carcinoma antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) by coupling with enzymatic biocatalytic precipitation and a nanogold labeling technique. The sandwich-type immunoreaction is carried out on a monoclonal anti-CA 15-3 capture antibody-modified working electrode, using horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and polyclonal anti-CA 15-3 detection antibody-labeled gold nanoparticles...
February 22, 2018: Analyst
Stefano Colagrande, Linda Calistri, Giulia Grazzini, Cosimo Nardi, Simone Busoni, Giovanni Morana, Luigi Grazioli
PURPOSE: Our retrospective study sought to describe the spectrum of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) by analyzing its morphological aspects, signal intensity before and after contrast agent (CA) administration, and diffusion-weighted imaging (DwI) with the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 25 patients with pathologically proven PHL who underwent MRI between January 2011 and December 2016...
February 19, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Qifa Song, Junhua Wu, Peisen Ruan
PURPOSE: To investigate the distribution of molecular types of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) according to their community-associated (CA) and hospital-associated (HA) source of acquisition, and thus assess the degree to which CA-MRSA has been introduced into the PICU. METHODOLOGY: We implemented an MRSA surveillance in a PICU during 2013-2016 and investigated the genetic diversity of the isolates retrospectively using three genetic typing methods, as well as antibiograms and virulence factor profiles...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Ram Hari Dahal, Jaisoo Kim
During a study of bacterial diversity of soil, a novel strain, CA-15T , was isolated from Kyonggi University forest soil. Cells were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, oxidase-positive and catalase- negative. Tyrosine was not oxidized but produced red pigmentation on an agar palte. Strain CA-15T hydrolysed Tween 60 and DNA. It grew at 15-35 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, 7.0-9.0) and at 1.5 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain CA-15T formed a lineage within the family Caulobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria that was distinct from various species of the genus Brevundimonas...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
B M Leno, R C Neves, I M Louge, M D Curler, M J Thomas, T R Overton, J A A McArt
Our objectives were to determine (1) the effect of a single dose of an oral Ca bolus within 24 h after parturition on plasma Ca concentration, (2) the response of primiparous (PP) and multiparous (MP) cows to this supplementation strategy, and (3) differential responses based on plasma Ca at enrollment. For objective 1, cows from 1 commercial dairy in New York State were enrolled within 19 h after parturition (mean ± standard deviation = 8.3 ± 5.3 h) and randomized within parity group (first, second, and ≥third) to control [CON (n = 25); no placebo] or a single dose bolus treatment [BOL (n = 25); 3 oral Ca boluses supplying 54 to 64 g of Ca]...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Ning Wang, An-Qi Zheng, Xun Liu, Junjie Chen, Ting Yang, Ming-Li Chen, Jian-Hua Wang
A novel approach for the preparation of dual-functional carbon dots, i.e., nitrogen and chloride doped carbon dots, shortly as N/Cl-CDs, is developed with the assistance of a choline chloride-glycerine deep eutectic solvent (DES). The carbon source is provided by urea and the DES serves as a solvent for controlling the preparation of CDs in the absence of water. The dual-element doped carbon dots are oxygen-rich with hydroxyl and amine groups. They exhibit an average particle size of ca. 3.88 nm, and give rise to strong and pH-sensitive fluorescent emission at λex/λem=340/430 nm with a quantum yield of 16...
February 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Richard C Semelka, Miguel Ramalho, Michael Jay, Lisa Hickey, Joseph Hickey
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the use of intravenous calcium (Ca)-/zinc (Zn)-diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA) for the treatment of 25 symptomatic patients diagnosed with gadolinium deposition disease (GDD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Written informed consent was obtained. Twenty-five patients (18 women; mean age, 46.8 ± 15.3 years) with a diagnosis of GDD were included. All patients had received at least 1 administration of a gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agent...
February 6, 2018: Investigative Radiology
Subhavna Juneja, Ashwathi Asha Madhavan, Anujit Ghosal, Ranjita Ghosh Moulick, Jaydeep Bhattacharya
Sunlight mediated photo-degradation and anti-bacterial activity of hetero junctioned plasmonic binary (Au/ZnO, RGO/ZnO) and ternary (RGO/Au/ZnO) nanocomposites (NC) have been reported. Higher photo-charge carrier generation, increased charge separation, improved active sites for catalysis, enhanced LSPR and larger photo-response regions have been achieved. Decoration with Au nanoparticles (ca. 11 ± 3 and 48 ± 5 nm) and RGO of ZnO (3D/1D) microstructures (aspect ratio 15.18) provides ternary NCs an edge over mono/bi component catalysts...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Aditya Chhibber, Sachin Agarwal, Sumit Yadav, Chia-Ling Kuo, Madhur Upadhyay
INTRODUCTION: Clear aligners and to a lesser extent self-ligated brackets are considered to facilitate better oral hygiene than traditional fixed orthodontic appliances. This 3-arm parallel-group prospective randomized clinical trial compared the long-term and short-term effects of clear aligners, self-ligated brackets, and conventional (elastomeric-ligated) brackets on patients' oral hygiene during active orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Seventy-one participants (41 boys, 30 girls; mean age, 15...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"