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CA 15-3

Angelos Hatzakis, Helen Papachristou, Sangeetha J Nair, Jacqueline Fortunko, Tracy Foote, HeeCheol Kim, Tashi L Peling, Andrew J Worlock
BACKGROUND: Quantitation of HIV-RNA is critically important for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, monitoring and assessment of infectivity in HIV-1 infection. The objective of this study was to assess performance characteristics of the Aptima HIV-1 Quant Dx assay (Aptima), a new transcription mediated amplification (TMA), fully integrated and automated assay from Hologic Inc., San Diego, CA, USA. The analytical sensitivity, analytical specificity, precision and detection of HIV-1 subtypes were tested based on commercially available international standards or panels...
October 21, 2016: Virology Journal
Endale Amare, Claire Mouquet-Rivier, Isabelle Rochette, Abdulaziz Adish, Gulelat D Haki
This study evaluated the effect of popping and fermentation on the chemical composition of three types of Amaranthus caudatus grains cultivated in Ethiopia. Proximate composition, minerals and mineral absorption inhibitors were analyzed. Popping caused a decrease in protein content by 4 % and an increase in fat, ash, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) contents by 12, 10, 15 and 67 %, respectively. While fermentation increased protein, fat and ash content by 3, 22 and 14 %, respectively but did not significantly change ADF and NDF content...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Huma D Hussain, Sreedevi D Ajith, Prachi Goel
AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the nickel release from stainless steel and nickel titanium archwires in artificial saliva over three months with the use of simulated fixed orthodontic appliances. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty simulated fixed orthodontic appliances representing half of the dental arch were used for this study. Five groups of ten samples each were made. Group A was the control group without archwires. Groups B and C contained stainless steel archwires from American Orthodontics (Sheboygan, WI, USA) and Dentaurum (Remanium, Ispringen, Germany) respectively...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
John J Wroblewski, Allen Y Hu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of squalamine (OHR-102; Ohr Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY) and ranibizumab (Lucentis; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) on macular edema (ME) secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive, treatment-naïve patients with RVO-related ME received topical squalamine and intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg for 10 weeks, followed by randomization to continue or discontinue squalamine...
October 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
D K Rieger, E Navarro, I Buendia, E Parada, L González-Lafuente, R Leon, A P Costa, I A Heinrich, K S Nascimento, B S Cavada, M G Lopez, J Egea, R B Leal
Lectins are proteins that bind cellular glycans and can modulate various neuronal functions. We have evaluated the neuroprotective effect of ConBr, a lectin purified from the seeds of Canavalia brasiliensis in a model of rat organotypic hippocampal cultures (OHCs) exposed to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD). OGD for 15 min followed by 24 h re-oxygenation significantly increased cell death, caused mitochondrial depolarization and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) in CA1 region of OHCs. ConBr (0.1 μg/mL) added during the re-oxygenation period counteracted cell death, mitochondrial depolarization and overproduction of ROS induced by OGD...
October 17, 2016: Neurochemical Research
Richard Lindstrom, Richard Lewis, Dana M Hornbeak, Lilit Voskanyan, Jane Ellen Giamporcaro, John Hovanesian, Steven Sarkisian
INTRODUCTION: The study objective was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication-lowering effect of 2 second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents in eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) on one preoperative medication. METHODS: Fifty-seven qualified phakic eyes with OAG on 1 medication, preoperative medicated IOP of 18-30 mmHg, and preoperative unmedicated (post-washout) IOP of 22-38 mmHg underwent implantation of 2 second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents in a standalone procedure...
October 13, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Daniele Muser, Pasquale Santangeli, Simon A Castro, Rajeev K Pathak, Jackson J Liang, Tatsuya Hayashi, Silvia Magnani, Fermin C Garcia, Mathew D Hutchinson, Gregory G Supple, David S Frankel, Michael P Riley, David Lin, Robert D Schaller, Sanjay Dixit, Erica S Zado, David J Callans, Francis E Marchlinski
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation (CA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy can be challenging because of the complexity of underlying substrates. We sought to determine the long-term outcomes of endocardial and adjuvant epicardial CA in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 282 consecutive patients (aged 59±15 years, 80% males) with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy who underwent CA. Ablation was guided by activation/entrainment mapping for tolerated VT and pacemapping/targeting of abnormal electrograms for unmappable VT...
October 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Armando Orlandi, Carmela Di Dio, Maria Alessandra Calegari, Carlo Barone
Everolimus and exemestane represent a standard treatment for metastatic hormone receptor-positive/HER2-negative advanced breast cancer resistant to aromatase inhibitors. CA 15-3 serum levels detect soluble forms of MUC-1, a transmembrane oncoprotein aberrantly overexpressed in breast cancers. In clinical practice, CA 15-3 may be used to indicate treatment failure in the absence of readily measurable disease during cytotoxic therapy. In the targeted therapy era, it is important to note that the C-terminal subunit of MUC-1 interacts with PI3K/AKT pathway, inducting cell growth...
October 13, 2016: Biomarkers in Medicine
Jaime Stella Moses Richardson, Gautam Sethi, Guan Serm Lee, Sri Nurestri Abdul Malek
BACKGROUND: Cancer has been one of the leading causes of mortality in this era. Ruta angustifolia L. Pers has been traditionally used as an abortifacient, antihelmintic, emmenagogue and ophthalmic. In Malaysia and Singapore, the local Chinese community used it for the treatment of cancer. METHODS: In this study, the methanol and fractionated extracts (hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and water) of R. angustifolia were tested for its cytotoxicity using the sulforhodamide (SRB) cytotoxicity assay against HCT-116, A549, Ca Ski and MRC5 cell lines...
October 12, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Marwa K Ibrahim, Hosny Salama, Mohamad Abd El Rahman, Reham M Dawood, Noha G Bader El Din, Heba F Salem, Mohamed E A Abdelrahim, Dalia Omran, Moataza H Omran, Khaled Helmi El-Wakeel, Tawfeek H Abdelhafez, Ahmed Khedr, Mostafa K El Awady
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the leading cause of liver fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). At present, there is no predictive biomarker for the patients at high risk of developing HCC. In this study, we examined the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 3 innate immunity genes [2'-5'oligoadenylate synthetase 1 (OAS1) rs10774671, interleukin 28B (IL28B) rs12979860, and low molecular mass polypeptide 7 (LMP-7) at codon 49] besides cytomegalovirus (CMV) coinfection and susceptibility to HCC in genotype 4 (GT4) chronically infected Egyptian patients...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Steven B Marston
Mutations in striated muscle contractile proteins have been found to be the cause of a number of inherited muscle diseases; in most cases the mechanism proposed for causing the disease is derangement of the thin filament-based Ca(2+)-regulatory system of the muscle. When considering the results of experiments reported over the last 15 years, one feature has been frequently noted, but rarely discussed: the magnitude of changes in myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity due to myopathy-causing mutations in skeletal or heart muscle seems to be always in the range 1...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Lien-Hung Tsou, Marc Sigrist, Ming-Hsi Chiang, Er-Chien Horng, Chun-Hsien Chen, Shou-Ling Huang, Gene-Hsiang Lee, Shie-Ming Peng
The new ligand, 2-(α-(5-phenyl)pyridylamino)-1,8-naphthyridine (Hphpyany), was synthesised by a palladium(0)-catalysed reaction of 2-chloro-1,8-naphthyridine with 2-amino-5-phenylpyridine in the presence of potassium tert-butoxide. Linear tetranickel metal complexes, [Ni4(phpyany)4Cl2](CF3SO3) 1, [Ni4(phpyany)4Cl2](BF4)22, [Ni4(phpyany)4(NCS)2](ClO4) 3 and [Ni4(phpyany)4(NCS)2](CF3SO3)24 were prepared and crystallographically characterised. Complexes 1-4 demonstrate that, for the first time, four asymmetric ligands align unidirectionally and thus configure (4,0)-form tetranickel strings, specifically, with the phenyl groups of the four phpyany(-) pointing to one side of the Ni4 chain and naphthyridyl to the other...
October 7, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Attila Gácsi, Bence Kutus, Zita Csendes, Tünde Faragó, Gábor Peintler, István Pálinkó, Pál Sipos
The complex formation reaction between the l-tartrate (Tar(2-)) and calcium ions taking place in neutral and in hyperalkaline (pH > 13) aqueous solutions has been investigated. It was demonstrated that upon NaOH addition the solubility of the CaTar(s) precipitate significantly increases. Conductometric and freezing point depression measurements further confirmed that in this process water soluble species are formed as a result of a reaction between the CaTar(s) and the hydroxide ion (or, conversely, between Ca(OH)2(s) and the Tar(2-) ion)...
October 7, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Douglas Rangel Goulart, Pablo Muñoz, Mario Gonzalo Cantín López, Márcio de Moraes, Sergio Olate
PURPOSE: To compare the condylar volume of patients with unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) with that of patients with a Class III skeletal relation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty cone-beam computed tomograms of patients were analyzed. Images were divided into 2 groups: 10 from patients with transverse asymmetry of the face and 10 from patients with a Class III facial deformity. Patients' ages ranged from 15 to 30 years. Volumetric data were reconstructed using Dolphin 3D software (Dolphin Imaging & Management Solutions, Chatsworth, CA)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
E G Canli, G Atli, M Canli
Freshwater fish Oreochromis niloticus were exposed to Cu in differing Ca(2+) levels (15, 30 and 90 mg/L), using acute (0.3 µM, 3 d) and chronic (0.03 µM, 30 d) exposure protocols and enzyme activities related to the antioxidant (catalase, CAT, EC; superoxide dismutase, SOD, EC; glutathione peroxidase, GPx, EC and osmoregulation (Total, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, EC, Mg(2+)-ATPase, EC systems in the erythrocytes were measured. Activities of antioxidant enzymes generally decreased significantly following either Ca(2+) alone or Ca(2+)+Cu combinations in both acute and chronic exposures...
October 6, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Hai-Ling Yu, Wen-Yong Wang, Bo Hong, Ying Zong, Yan-Ling Si, Zhong-Qiang Hu
Crown ethers, as a kind of heterocycle, have been the subject of great interest over recent decades due to their selective capability to bind to metal cations. The use of a constant crown ether, such as naphtho-15-crown-5 (N15C5), and varied metal cations (Li(+), Na(+), K(+), Be(2+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+)) makes it possible to determine the contributions of the metal cations to nonlinear optical (NLO) responses and to design an appropriate NLO-based cation detector. N15C5 and its metal cation derivatives have been systematically investigated by density functional theory...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Peter Teunis, Maria J Figueras
Cases of Aeromonas diarrhea have been described all over the world. The genus Aeromonas includes ca. 30 species, of which 10 have been isolated in association with gastroenteritis. The dominating species that account for ca. 96% of the identified strains are Aeromonas caviae, A. veronii, A. dhakensis, and A. hydrophila. However, the role of Aeromonas as a true enteropathogen has been questioned on the basis of the lack of outbreaks, the non-fulfillment of Koch's postulates and the low numbers of acute illnesses in the only existing human challenge study...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Vinod Ravindran, George Alias
In a proportion of patients, chikungunya arthritis (CA) might run into a chronic persistent phase. The treatment for this phase is not very clear. In this randomized parallel group open label study of 24 weeks duration, we evaluated the efficacy of DMARD combination in persistent CA. Consecutive 139 patients with persistent CA (persistent arthritis for >1 year after the chikungunya fever either in 2008 or 2009 fulfilling epidemiological criteria for CA) were screened. Of these patients who were already taking hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and had active arthritis were randomized to receive either fixed-dose combination therapy (methotrexate 15 mg/day, sulfasalazine 1 g/day, and HCQ 400 mg/day) or continue with HCQ 400 mg/day (dose optimized) monotherapy...
October 4, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
J M Santos Neto, K T Resende, I A M A Teixeira, J A C Vargas, A R C Lima, R F Leite, F O M Figueiredo, L O Tedeschi, M H M R Fernandes
These experiments estimated Ca, P, Mg, K, and Na requirements of intact male, castrated male, and female Saanen goats. Two experiments were performed: one to determine the net macromineral requirements for maintenance (Exp. 1) and another to determine net macromineral requirements for growth (Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, 75 goats (26 intact males, 25 castrated males, and 24 females) with initial BW (iBW) of 15.76 ± 0.10 kg were used. These animals were divided in 2 groups: baseline animals and pair-fed animals. Twenty-one goats (8 intact males, 7 castrated males, and 6 females) were slaughtered (16...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Murat Usta, Hale Aral, Ahmet Mete Çilingirtürk, Alev Kural, Ibrahim Topaç, Tuna Semerci, Mehmet Hicri Köseoğlu
Average of normals (AON) is a quality control procedure that is sensitive only to systematic errors that can occur in an analytical process in which patient test results are used. The aim of this study was to develop an alternative model in order to apply the AON quality control procedure to datasets that include qualitative values below limit of detection (LoD). The reported patient test results for tumor markers, such as CA 15-3, CA 125, and CA 19-9, analyzed by two instruments, were retrieved from the information system over a period of 5 months, using the calibrator and control materials with the same lot numbers...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
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