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Informant discrepancies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718756/stereotypes-influence-destination-memory-in-normal-aging
#1
Mohamad El Haj
Background/Study Context: A substantial body of literature suggests that stereotypes can play a determining role in making judgments about the source of information. This study investigated this issue for destination memory or remembering to whom information has been previously told. METHODS: Younger adults and older adults told six medical and six mechanical facts to a picture depicting a physician, and also told six different medical and six different mechanical facts to a picture depicting a mechanic...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718491/-hiv-aids-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-assessing-the-quality-of-the-available-information
#2
Maria Quitéria Batista Meirelles, Ana Karla Bezerra Lopes, Kenio Costa Lima
Objective: To analyze the quality of the information available in the Reportable Disease Information System (SINAN) regarding pregnant women with HIV/AIDS in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, between 2007 and 2014. Method: The quality of information was analyzed based on completeness (percentage of fields containing values that were not null) of fields (sociodemographic information, epidemiologic maternal history, pre-natal care, and delivery) and on the existence of discrepancy between the data sources analyzed (Natal and Mossoró municipal departments of health, state department of health, and Unified Health System information database, DATASUS)...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717767/breaking-bad-news-in-ethnic-settings-perspectives-of-patients-and-families-in-northern-sri-lanka
#3
Chrishanthi Rajasooriyar, Jenny Kelly, Thanikai Sivakumar, Gowcikan Navanesan, Shahini Nadarasa, Madona Hashanthy Sriskandarajah, Sabe Sabesan
PURPOSE: The discussion of a cancer diagnosis and prognosis often is difficult. This study explored the expectations of Tamil-speaking patients with cancer and their families with respect to receiving their cancer diagnosis in northern Sri Lanka. METHODS: This exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study used semistructured interviews. RESULTS: Thematic analysis identified two major themes: communication and information seeking. The findings illustrate a discrepancy between patient preference for direct disclosure of the diagnosis and that of families...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716931/combining-experimental-and-simulation-data-of-molecular-processes-via-augmented-markov-models
#4
Simon Olsson, Hao Wu, Fabian Paul, Cecilia Clementi, Frank Noé
Accurate mechanistic description of structural changes in biomolecules is an increasingly important topic in structural and chemical biology. Markov models have emerged as a powerful way to approximate the molecular kinetics of large biomolecules while keeping full structural resolution in a divide-and-conquer fashion. However, the accuracy of these models is limited by that of the force fields used to generate the underlying molecular dynamics (MD) simulation data. Whereas the quality of classical MD force fields has improved significantly in recent years, remaining errors in the Boltzmann weights are still on the order of a few [Formula: see text], which may lead to significant discrepancies when comparing to experimentally measured rates or state populations...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714427/discrepancy-between-information-provided-and-information-required-by-emergency-physicians-for-long-term-care-patients
#5
Richa Parashar, Shelley McLeod, Don Melady
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to identify information included in long-term care (LTC) transfer documentation and to compare it to the information required by local emergency department (ED) physicians to provide optimal care and make decisions for LTC patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for a sample of LTC residents transferred by ambulance to the ED of an academic, tertiary care hospital over a 1-year period. All emergency physicians working at the institution were invited to complete an online questionnaire about information included in LTC transfer documentation and information required by emergency physicians to provide care for LTC patients...
July 17, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713739/a-retrospective-analysis-of-dentofacial-deformities-and-orthognathic-surgeries
#6
Faezeh Eslamipour, Ali Borzabadi-Farahani, Bach T Le, Majid Shahmoradi
BACKGROUND: Information regarding the prevalence of surgical osteotomies used for the correction of dentofacial deformities in Iran is lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study assessed the distribution of orthognathic surgeries performed (2011-2015) at major University hospital in Iran. Records of 103 orthognathic surgery patients were assessed (58 female, 45 males, aged = 23.47 [6.44] years). RESULTS: Class III malocclusion (incisor classification, 45...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712468/the-impact-of-counter-perceptual-testimony-on-children-s-categorization-after-a-delay
#7
Samuel Ronfard, Jonathan D Lane, Muanjing Wang, Paul L Harris
When preschoolers are presented with a label for an entity that conflicts with its appearance, they sometimes rely on the new label rather than on the entity's appearance to categorize the entity and to infer its properties. We examined whether children's learning from such claims is short-lived or long-lasting and whether the persistence of their learning depends on the degree of fit between those claims and the available perceptual evidence. Children aged 3-5years (N=71) were asked to categorize hybrids. These hybrids combined 75% of the features from one animal or object with 25% of the features from a different animal or object...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709472/potential-and-active-functions-in-the-gut-microbiota-of-a-healthy-human-cohort
#8
Alessandro Tanca, Marcello Abbondio, Antonio Palomba, Cristina Fraumene, Valeria Manghina, Francesco Cucca, Edoardo Fiorillo, Sergio Uzzau
BACKGROUND: The study of the gut microbiota (GM) is rapidly moving towards its functional characterization by means of shotgun meta-omics. In this context, there is still no consensus on which microbial functions are consistently and constitutively expressed in the human gut in physiological conditions. Here, we selected a cohort of 15 healthy subjects from a native and highly monitored Sardinian population and analyzed their GMs using shotgun metaproteomics, with the aim of investigating GM functions actually expressed in a healthy human population...
July 14, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709402/dissemination-and-implementation-research-in-dementia-care-a-systematic-scoping-review-and-evidence-map
#9
Ilianna Lourida, Rebecca A Abbott, Morwenna Rogers, Iain A Lang, Ken Stein, Bridie Kent, Jo Thompson Coon
BACKGROUND: The need to better understand implementing evidence-informed dementia care has been recognised in multiple priority-setting partnerships. The aim of this scoping review was to give an overview of the state of the evidence on implementation and dissemination of dementia care, and create a systematic evidence map. METHODS: We sought studies that addressed dissemination and implementation strategies or described barriers and facilitators to implementation across dementia stages and care settings...
July 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708012/how-do-patients-perceive-the-british-orthodontic-society-online-information-resource-about-orthognathic-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#10
Jennifer Kettle, Zoe Marshman, Philip E Benson, Caroline McCarthy, Gurpreet Pye, Jonathan Sandler, Lindsay Winchester, Andrew Flett
OBJECTIVES: To explore the accessibility, usability and relevance of the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) online information resource (OIR), Your Jaw Surgery. DESIGN: Qualitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: 5 UK sites. PARTICIPANTS: Patients before, during and after treatment for non-cleft skeletal discrepancy. METHODS: Patients were identified at joint clinics and recruited after having time to view the OIR...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707258/-connecting-the-dots-a-qualitative-study-of-home-health-nurse-perspectives-on-coordinating-care-for-recently-discharged-patients
#11
Christine D Jones, Jacqueline Jones, Angela Richard, Kathryn Bowles, Dana Lahoff, Rebecca S Boxer, Frederick A Masoudi, Eric A Coleman, Heidi L Wald
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly one-third of adults 65 years or older with Medicare discharged to home after hospitalization were referred for home health care (HHC) services. Care coordination between the hospital and HHC is frequently inadequate and may contribute to medication errors and readmissions. Insights from HHC nurses could inform improvements to care coordination. OBJECTIVE: To describe HHC nurse perspectives about challenges and solutions to coordinating care for recently discharged patients...
July 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706294/assessment-of-occlusion-with-the-t-scan-system-in-patients-undergoing-orthognathic-surgery
#12
Jimoh Olubanwo Agbaje, Elke Van de Casteele, Ahmed S Salem, Dickson Anumendem, Eman Shaheen, Yi Sun, Constantinus Politis
Dental occlusion varies among individuals, and achieving correct physiological occlusion after osteotomy is essential for the complex functioning of the stomatognathic system. The T-Scan system records the centre of force, first contact, maximum bite force, and maximum intercuspation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness and consistency of T-Scan in assessing occlusion before and after orthognathic surgery. Occlusal information was evaluated for 30 healthy adults with normal occlusion and 40 patients undergoing orthognathic surgery...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705208/testing-feedback-message-framing-and-comparators-to-address-prescribing-of-high-risk-medications-in-nursing-homes-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-factorial-cluster-randomized-trial
#13
Noah M Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Justin Presseau, Catherine Reis, Holly O Witteman, Monica K Taljaard, Nicola McCleary, Kednapa Thavorn, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback (AF) interventions that leverage routine administrative data offer a scalable and relatively low-cost method to improve processes of care. AF interventions are usually designed to highlight discrepancies between desired and actual performance and to encourage recipients to act to address such discrepancies. Comparing to a regional average is a common approach, but more recipients would have a discrepancy if compared to a higher-than-average level of performance...
July 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701460/clinician-self-efficacy-in-initiating-discussions-about-gestational-weight-gain
#14
Helena Piccinini-Vallis
OBJECTIVE: To compare prenatal care providers' perceived self-efficacy in starting discussions about gestational weight gain with pregnant women under a variety of conditions of gradated difficulty, when weight gain has been in excess of current guidelines. DESIGN: A 42-item online questionnaire related to the known barriers to and facilitators of having discussions about gestational weight gain. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Prenatal care providers were contacted through the Family Medicine Maternity Care list server of the College of Family Physicians of Canada...
July 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697643/parental-perceptions-about-informed-consent-assent-in-pediatric-research-in-jordan
#15
Omar F Khabour, Mahmoud A Alomari, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab
The informed consent/assent process during enrollment in pediatric research is integral to protecting children from possible harm. Here we explored parents' perceptions about the informed consent/assent process in Jordan. Therefore, focus group interviews were conducted that focused on the importance of consent/assent, the quality of the information provided during consent process, and the parents' perceptions toward written/verbal informed consent. Content thematic analysis approach was adopted in the transcription and translation processes of the interviews...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696381/cost-saving-opportunities-in-nsclc-therapy-by-optimized-diagnostics
#16
Ilija Nenadić, Jeanine Staber, Susanne Dreier, Guus Simons, Verena Schildgen, Michael Brockmann, Oliver Schildgen
With an incidence of 68 new cases per 100,000 people per year, an estimated total number of up to 350,000 new non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases are diagnosed each year in the European Union. Up to 10% of NSCLC patients are eligible for therapy with novel ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) inhibitors, as they have been diagnosed with a mutation in the gene coding for ALK. The ALK inhibitor therapy costs add up to approx. 9,000 € per patient per month, with treatment durations of up to one year. Recent studies have shown that up to 10% of ALK cases are misdiagnosed by nearly 40% of pathologic investigations...
July 11, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689348/parent-adolescent-discrepancies-in-reports-of-parenting-and-adolescent-outcomes-in-mexican-immigrant-families
#17
Yang Hou, Su Yeong Kim, Aprile D Benner
Parents and adolescents often have discrepant views of parenting which pose challenges for researchers regarding how to deal with information from multiple informants. Although recent studies indicate that parent-adolescent discrepancies in reports of parenting can be useful in predicting adolescent outcomes, their findings are mixed regarding whether discrepancies relate to more positive or more negative adolescent outcomes. This study examined the longitudinal implications of parent-adolescent discrepancies in reports of parenting (warmth, monitoring, and reasoning) on adolescent behavioral, psychological, academic, and physical health outcomes among Mexican immigrant families in the United States...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685419/joint-deformable-liver-registration-and-bias-field-correction-for-mr-guided-hdr-brachytherapy
#18
Marko Rak, Tim König, Klaus D Tönnies, Mathias Walke, Jens Ricke, Christian Wybranski
PURPOSE: In interstitial high-dose rate brachytherapy, liver cancer is treated by internal radiation, requiring percutaneous placement of applicators within or close to the tumor. To maximize utility, the optimal applicator configuration is pre-planned on magnetic resonance images. The pre-planned configuration is then implemented via a magnetic resonance-guided intervention. Mapping the pre-planning information onto interventional data would reduce the radiologist's cognitive load during the intervention and could possibly minimize discrepancies between optimally pre-planned and actually placed applicators...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683516/diagnostics-for-generalized-linear-hierarchical-models-in-network-meta-analysis
#19
Hong Zhao, James S Hodges, Bradley P Carlin
Network meta-analysis (NMA) combines direct and indirect evidence comparing more than 2 treatments. Inconsistency arises when these 2 information sources differ. Previous work focuses on inconsistency detection, but little has been done on how to proceed after identifying inconsistency. The key issue is whether inconsistency changes an NMA's substantive conclusions. In this paper, we examine such discrepancies from a diagnostic point of view. Our methods seek to detect influential and outlying observations in NMA at a trial-by-arm level...
July 6, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681448/an-analysis-of-the-arccheck-mr-diode-array-s-performance-for-viewray-quality-assurance
#20
Steven T Ellefson, Wesley S Culberson, Bryan P Bednarz, Larry A DeWerd, John E Bayouth
The ArcCHECK-MR diode array utilizes a correction system with a virtual inclinometer to correct the angular response dependencies of the diodes. However, this correction system cannot be applied to measurements on the ViewRay MR-IGRT system due to the virtual inclinometer's incompatibility with the ViewRay's multiple simultaneous beams. Additionally, the ArcCHECK's current correction factors were determined without magnetic field effects taken into account. In the course of performing ViewRay IMRT quality assurance with the ArcCHECK, measurements were observed to be consistently higher than the ViewRay TPS predictions...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
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