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Fibrocystic disease

Sara J Holditch, Claire A Schreiber, Peter C Harris, Nicholas F LaRusso, Marina Ramirez-Alvarado, Alessandro Cataliotti, Vicente E Torres, Yasuhiro Ikeda
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) involves progressive hepatorenal cyst expansion and fibrosis, frequently leading to end-stage renal disease. Increased vasopressin and cAMP signaling, dysregulated calcium homeostasis, and hypertension play major roles in PKD progression. The guanylyl cyclase A agonist, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), stimulates cGMP and shows anti-fibrotic, anti-hypertensive, and vasopressin-suppressive effects, potentially counteracting PKD pathogenesis. Here, we assessed the impacts of guanylyl cyclase A activation on PKD progression in a rat model of PKD...
April 14, 2017: Kidney International
Shilpi, Fuzail Ahmad Ansari, Shalini Bahadur, Akshi Katyal, Aastha Narula, Namrata Nargotra, Sompal Singh
Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) is a rare benign neoplasm of the salivary gland which resembles the fibrocystic disease of the breast clinically as well as morphologically. This entity has varied morphological presentation on fine needle aspiration. Only a few case reports and occasional case series are found in the literature describing its cytology. Here we are presenting a case of SPA in the parotid gland in a 13-year-old male patient who presented with a slow growing infra-auricular mass since one year without any other symptoms...
March 22, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Sunhua Wan, Hsiang-Chieh Lee, Xiaolei Huang, Ting Xu, Tao Xu, Xianxu Zeng, Zhan Zhang, Yuri Sheikine, James L Connolly, James G Fujimoto, Chao Zhou
This paper proposes a texture analysis technique that can effectively classify different types of human breast tissue imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy (OCM). OCM is an emerging imaging modality for rapid tissue screening and has the potential to provide high resolution microscopic images that approach those of histology. OCM images, acquired without tissue staining, however, pose unique challenges to image analysis and pattern classification. We examined multiple types of texture features and found Local Binary Pattern (LBP) features to perform better in classifying tissues imaged by OCM...
March 8, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
Eman Badr, Eman Masoud, Asmaa Gaber Abdou, Marwa Serag Eldien
INTRODUCTION: B-Cell Lymphoma 6 (BCL6) has an oncogenic role in tumourigenesis of various malignancies. It represses genes involved in terminal differentiation and plays complementary role with Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) in triple-negative breast cancer cellular function. AIM: To evaluate the expression of BCL6 in cancer breast and determine its correlation with the clinico-pathological features including the molecular subtype of breast carcinoma...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Karl O Kagan, Andreas Dufke, Ulrich Gembruch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review disorders that are associated with renal cystic disease during prenatal life and to highlight the strong association between renal cystic disease and ciliopathies. RECENT FINDINGS: There are numerous causative genes for ciliopathies that can present with cystic kidney disease. In the group of single gene ciliopathies, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is by far the most prevalent one. Other examples are autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, nephronophthisis, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Meckel-Gruber syndrome, Joubert syndrome and related disorders as well as X-linked orofaciodigital syndrome type 1, respectively...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Simone Brardi, Roberto Ponchietti, Ennio Duranti
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a disease involving a broad range of alterations of calcium homeostasis, sustained by parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels that are clearly abnormal. The anomalies directly associated with hyperparathyroidism are nephrolithiasis and fibrocystic bone disease. Since PHPT resolves when abnormal parathyroid tissue is removed, surgery is clearly the only definitive approach to this type of hyperparathyroidism. However there are large subgroups of patients for whom medical therapy should be considered instead of surgery...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Masanori Akira
The concept of end-stage lung disease suggests a final common pathway for most diffuse parenchymal lung diseases. In accordance with this concept, end-stage disease is characterized radiographically and pathologically by the presence of extensive honeycombing. However, sequential computed tomographic (CT) scans obtained from patients with chronic diffuse lung disease evolve over time to show various advanced lung disease patterns other than honeycombing. In addition, several radiographically distinct honeycomb patterns, including microcystic, macrocystic, mixed, and combined emphysema and honeycombing, differentiate one advanced lung disease from another...
March 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Harald Rösner, Wolfgang Möller, Sabine Groebner, Pompilio Torremante
Clinical trials have revealed that molecular iodine (I2) has beneficial effects in fibrocystic breast disease and in cyclic mastalgia. Likewise, povidone-iodine (PVP-I), which is widely used in clinical practice as an antiseptic agent following tumour surgery, has been demonstrated to have cytotoxic effects on colon cancer and ascites tumour cells. Our previous study indicated that the growth of breast cancer and seven other human malignant cell lines was variably diminished by I2 and iodolactones. With the intention of developing an iodine-based anticancer therapy, the present investigations extended these studies by comparing the cytotoxic capacities of I2, potassium iodide (KJ), PVP-I and Lugol's solution on various human carcinoma cell lines...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Qicai Chen, Juan Xiao, Pengpeng Zhang, Lili Chen, Xiaoxiao Chen, Shumei Wang
BACKGROUND: Increasing serum levels of uric acid (SUA) after menopause in women brought up a hypothesis that estrogenic effect may protectively regulate SUA. Estrogenic effect is a major etiology of uterine fibroids and fibrocystic breast disease. The study aimed to explore SUA among patients suffering from these diseases to enhance the hypothesis. METHODS: Overall, 1349 female participants were selected into three cases: Case I having uterine fibroids (n=568), Case II having fibrocycstic breast disease (n=608) and Case III having uterine fibroids combining with fibrocycstic breast disease (n=173); 4206 participants without these diseases were selected as controls...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Anuradha Sehrawat, Claudette St Croix, Catherine J Baty, Simon Watkins, Dhanir Tailor, Rana P Singh, Shivendra V Singh
Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) is a highly promising phytochemical abundant in cruciferous vegetables with preclinical evidence of in vivo efficacy against breast cancer in xenograft and transgenic mouse models. Mammary cancer chemoprevention by BITC is associated with apoptotic cell death but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Herein, we demonstrate for the first time that altered mitochondrial dynamics is an early and critical event in BITC-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Exposure of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells to plasma achievable doses of BITC resulted in rapid collapse of mitochondrial filamentous network...
September 2016: Mitochondrion
Mai Shibusawa, Ryohei Nakayama, Yuko Okanami, Yumi Kashikura, Nao Imai, Takashi Nakamura, Hiroko Kimura, Masako Yamashita, Noriko Hanamura, Tomoko Ogawa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme for improving the performance of clinicians to diagnose non-mass lesions appearing as hypoechoic areas on breast ultrasonographic images. METHODS: The database included 97 ultrasonographic images with hypoechoic areas: 48 benign cases [benign lesion with benign mammary tissue or fibrocystic disease (n = 20), fibroadenoma (n = 11), and intraductal papilloma (n = 17)] and 49 malignant cases [ductal carcinoma in situ (n = 17) and invasive ductal carcinoma (n = 32)]...
July 2016: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Anuradha Sehrawat, Su-Hyeong Kim, Eun-Ryeong Hahm, Julie A Arlotti, Julie Eiseman, Sruti S Shiva, Lora H Rigatti, Shivendra V Singh
The present study is the first to report inhibition of breast cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo and suppression of self-renewal of breast cancer stem cells (bCSC) by a pine bark component (leelamine). Except for a few recent publications in melanoma, anticancer pharmacology of this interesting phytochemical is largely elusive. Leelamine (LLM) dose-dependently inhibited viability of MDA-MB-231 (triple-negative), MCF-7 (estrogen receptor-positive), and SUM159 (triple-negative) human breast cancer cells in association with apoptotic cell death induction...
February 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Fausto Famá, Marco Cicciú, Alessandro Sindoni, Paola Scarfó, Andrea Pollicino, Giuseppa Giacobbe, Giancarlo Buccheri, Filippo Taranto, Jessica Palella, Maria Gioffré-Florio
BACKGROUND: Ectopic breast tissue, which includes both supernumerary breast and aberrant breast tissue, is the most common congenital breast abnormality. Ectopic breast cancers are rare neoplasms that occur in 0.3% to 0.6% of all cases of breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively report, using a large series of breast abnormalities diagnosed and treated, our clinical experience on the management of the ectopic breast cancer. In 2 decades, we observed 327 (2...
August 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
O A Egwuonwu, Snc Anyanwu, G U Chianakwana, E C Ihekwoaba
BACKGROUND: Accurate clinical diagnosis of fibroadenoma in young females is desirable because of the possibility of nonoperative treatment for those desiring it. OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of fibroadenoma in patients aged ≤ 25 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study of all patients with breast disease presenting to the breast clinic was conducted from January 2004 to December 2008. RESULTS: During the study period, 145 patients aged ≤25 years presented with breast lumps...
May 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Ochonma A Egwuonwu, Stanley Nc Anyanwu, Gabriel U Chianakwana, Eric C Ihekwoaba
BACKGROUND: Patients with breast pain are likely to be very worried because some consider pain in the breast as an indication of malignancy. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the causes of pain in the patients are presenting to our breast clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of all consenting patients with breast disease presenting to the breast clinic was conducted from January 2004 to December 2008. RESULTS: A total of 664 patients presented to the breast clinic during the study period...
January 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
A A Tykhomyrov, I L Vovchuk, T V Grinenko
It is known that benign breast tissue exhibit relatively low angiogenic capacity. Activation of angiogenesis in mammary pre-malignant lesions could be associated with disease progression and high risk of transformation into the breast cancer. However, insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in angiogenesis regulation in non-cancerous breast pathologies is still poorly defined. The purpose of the present study was to determine levels of plasminogen and its proteolytic fragments (angiostatins) in mammary dysplasia (mastopathy and breast cyst) and benign neoplasms (fibroadenomas)...
September 2015: Ukrainian Biochemical Journal
Zhiheng Chen, Hong Guan, Hong Yuan, Xia Cao, Yingxin Liu, J I Zhou, Ellen He, Sven Skog
With regard to different types of malignancies, thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is a useful prognostic marker in clinical oncology, both as a serum proliferation marker and in immunohistochemistry. The present study investigated the use of serum TK1 protein (STK1p) for the identification of multiple proliferating diseases linked to the risk of developing cancer, by following one patient during the period of 2003-2014. The patient presented with adenomatous polyps in the stomach in 2003, follicular cervicitis in 2007 and hyperplasia of the breast/fibrocystic breasts in 2010...
September 2015: Oncology Letters
Hongmei Zheng, Jian Chen, Xinhong Wu, Liting Jin, Chubo Qi
Fibroadenomas are a type of benign tumor that occur in young women below the age of 35 years old. The tumors are the second most common type of tumor after fibrocystic disease. The chance of carcinoma arising in a fibroadenoma is extremely low. To date, <130 such cases have been reported. Previous studies have reported that fibroadenomas can evolve into a number of different types of malignancy. The present study is the first to describe a case of bilateral primary breast cancer with a unilateral invasive ductal carcinoma within a fibroadenoma...
September 2015: Oncology Letters
Rhonda R Voskuhl, HeJing Wang, T C Jackson Wu, Nancy L Sicotte, Kunio Nakamura, Florian Kurth, Noriko Itoh, Jenny Bardens, Jacqueline T Bernard, John R Corboy, Anne H Cross, Suhayl Dhib-Jalbut, Corey C Ford, Elliot M Frohman, Barbara Giesser, Dina Jacobs, Lloyd H Kasper, Sharon Lynch, Gareth Parry, Michael K Racke, Anthony T Reder, John Rose, Dean M Wingerchuk, Allan J MacKenzie-Graham, Douglas L Arnold, Chi Hong Tseng, Robert Elashoff
BACKGROUND: Relapses of multiple sclerosis decrease during pregnancy, when the hormone estriol is increased. Estriol treatment is anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective in preclinical studies. In a small single-arm study of people with multiple sclerosis estriol reduced gadolinium-enhancing lesions and was favourably immunomodulatory. We assessed whether estriol treatment reduces multiple sclerosis relapses in women. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial at 16 academic neurology centres in the USA, between June 28, 2007, and Jan 9, 2014...
January 2016: Lancet Neurology
Do Youn Kim, Seok Jeong Lee, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang, Yookyung Kim
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory multisystem disease that primarily affects the axial joints. Pleuropulmonary involvement is an uncommon extra-articular manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis. There is a wide spectrum of pulmonary parenchymal changes in ankylosing spondylitis, beginning in the early stages of the disease and increasing over time. The lesions are usually asymptomatic, and not visible on chest radiographs in early stages. We reported a case of advanced ankylosing spondylitis in a 56-year-old man with progressive pulmonary bullous fibrocystic changes on both upper lobes that were misdiagnosed as tuberculosis in the early stages of the disease...
October 2015: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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