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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925039/metaplastic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Luciana Graziano, Paschoal Graziano, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt, Daniel Bernal Soto, Alexandre Hiro, Cíntia Camillo Nunes
Metaplastic tumors are rare and represent a heterogeneous group of neoplasms showing dominant areas of non-glandular differentiation. Etiology and pathogenesis of this type of lesion in the breast is uncertain. The most common sources of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the breast are lung, esophagus, cervix, and urinary bladder. Squamous cell carcinomas may present clinically with inflammation and average size greater than breast adenocarcinoma. As for imaging studies, mammography shows no typical findings and ultrasound can show a complicated cyst or an inflammatory process, among the differential diagnoses...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922487/breast-augmentation-combining-fat-injection-and-breast-implants-in-patients-with-atrophied-breasts
#2
Burhan Özalp, Mustafa Aydinol
Breast augmentation is a challenging issue in atrophied breasts related to breastfeeding. Here, we describe a modification combining breast implants and fat grafting to obtain a successful outcome without implant edge visibility and palpability.Thirty-four women with atrophied breasts underwent breast augmentation over a 6-year period. The breast implants were placed in the subglandular plane to obtain optimal filling and expansion of atrophied breast tissue. Autologous fat grafting was performed above the inframammary sulcus to prevent implant visibility and palpability due to insufficient soft tissue coverage...
December 2, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922452/simple-breast-cysts-should-we-treat-or-not
#3
Nuray Voyvoda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897024/-peripheral-precocious-puberty
#4
J Zvonařová Skalická, R Pilka
OBJECTIVE: To summarize literature data on peripheral precocious puberty. DESIGN: A literature review. SETTING: Středomoravská nemocniční a.s., hospital Šternberk, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Medical Faculty, Palacky University, Olomouc. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched in PubMed using the key words stated below according to date and published since 1980.Peripheral precocious puberty occurs in girls with the frequency 1:400-1000...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869804/systemic-depletion-of-l-cyst-e-ine-with-cyst-e-inase-increases-reactive-oxygen-species-and-suppresses-tumor-growth
#5
Shira L Cramer, Achinto Saha, Jinyun Liu, Surendar Tadi, Stefano Tiziani, Wupeng Yan, Kendra Triplett, Candice Lamb, Susan E Alters, Scott Rowlinson, Yan Jessie Zhang, Michael J Keating, Peng Huang, John DiGiovanni, George Georgiou, Everett Stone
Cancer cells experience higher oxidative stress from reactive oxygen species (ROS) than do non-malignant cells because of genetic alterations and abnormal growth; as a result, maintenance of the antioxidant glutathione (GSH) is essential for their survival and proliferation. Under conditions of elevated ROS, endogenous L-cysteine (L-Cys) production is insufficient for GSH synthesis. This necessitates uptake of L-Cys that is predominantly in its disulfide form, L-cystine (CSSC), via the xCT(-) transporter. We show that administration of an engineered and pharmacologically optimized human cyst(e)inase enzyme mediates sustained depletion of the extracellular L-Cys and CSSC pool in mice and non-human primates...
November 21, 2016: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858896/application-of-the-downgrade-criteria-to-supplemental-screening-ultrasound-for-women-with-negative-mammography-but-dense-breasts
#6
Soo-Yeon Kim, Min Jung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Eun-Kyung Kim
We investigated whether the application of the downgrade criteria to supplemental screening ultrasound (US) for women with negative mammography but dense breasts can reduce the rate of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) categories 3 to 4a without a loss of cancer detection.This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board, and the need to obtain informed consent was waived. A total of 3171 consecutive women (978 women, 1173 women, and 1020 women in the first, second, and third year, respectively) with negative mammography but dense breast who underwent radiologist-performed, hand-held supplemental screening US from March 2010 to February 2013 were included...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844217/assessing-inaccuracies-in-automated-information-extraction-of-breast-imaging-findings
#7
Ronilda Lacson, Martha E Goodrich, Kimberly Harris, Phyllis Brawarsky, Jennifer S Haas
We previously identified breast imaging findings from radiology reports using an expert-based information extraction algorithm as part of the National Cancer Institute's Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) initiative. We validate this algorithm and assess inaccuracies in a different institutional setting. Mammography, ultrasound (US), and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reports of patients at an academic health system between 4/2013 and 6/2013 were included for analysis...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835828/breast-cancer-and-fat-grafting-efficacy-safety-and-complications-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
M De Decker, L De Schrijver, F Thiessen, T Tondu, M Van Goethem, W A Tjalma
Autologous fat grafting (AFG) or lipofilling is nowadays a popular technique for breast reconstruction after breast cancer surgery. There is debate regarding the oncological safety and risks of this procedure in breast cancer patients. A systematic review of the literature published between January first 1995 and October first 2016 was conducted regarding the efficacy, safety and complications of this technique in breast cancer patients after their cancer treatment. The databases PubMed, Science Direct and Thomson Reuters Web of Science were used to search for qualified articles...
October 28, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798047/common-diseases-as-determinants-of-menopausal-age
#9
Jingmei Li, Mikael Eriksson, Kamila Czene, Per Hall, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg
STUDY QUESTION: Can the diagnosis of common diseases before menopause influence age at natural menopause (ANM) onset? SUMMARY ANSWER: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and depression were observed to delay menopause. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: It has been observed that women who undergo early menopause experience a higher burden of health problems related to metabolic syndromes, heart disease and depression, but whether ANM can be influenced by common adult diseases has not been studied extensively...
October 18, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793162/a-cost-effective-handheld-breast-scanner-for-use-in-low-resource-environments-a-validation-study
#10
Robyn B Broach, Rula Geha, Brian S Englander, Lucy DeLaCruz, Holly Thrash, Ari D Brooks
BACKGROUND: With the incidence of breast cancer rising worldwide, we are evaluating the iBreastExam (iBE) (UE LifeSciences Inc.), a handheld breast scanning device that can be utilized by community health workers to screen for breast abnormalities. The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity of the iBE in a population undergoing diagnostic breast imaging. METHODS: Adult patients presenting to a breast imaging center for a diagnostic workup were eligible...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780751/medicinal-plants-used-in-lesotho-for-treatment-of-reproductive-and-post-reproductive-problems
#11
A Moteetee, L Seleteng Kose
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Reproductive healthcare has been highlighted as a major challenge in Lesotho mainly due to the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections. As a result other reproductive ailments have not received much attention, particularly because healthcare facilities are already limited and many of them are inaccessible. For these reasons, medicinal plants play a major role in primary healthcare system in the country, in addition the plants are easily accessible, more affordable, and their use forms part of the cultural heritage...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765548/metastasis-of-mammary-gland-malignant-phyllodes-tumor-to-the-mandibular-region-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Sayaka Yoshiba, Takashi Saotome, Tetsuya Mikogami, Tatsuo Shirota
Phyllodes tumor is a rare breast tumor described by Müller (1938) as a lesion comprising leaflike stromal fibrous components and narrow cysts. The frequency of distant metastasis from this entity is reportedly approximately 20%, and no effective therapy has been established, so the prognosis is poor. This report describes the case of a 60-year-old woman with a history of left lung resection who showed metastasis of a mammary gland malignant phyllodes tumor to the oral cavity. Intraoral examination showed an elastic, hard mass measuring 28 × 27 mm in the gingiva around the left mandibular second molar...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747114/intracystic-primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-challenging-diagnosis
#13
Vera Ramos, João Fraga, Teresa Simões, Margarida Figueiredo Dias
We report a case of a 36-year-old woman that presented with a painful mass in the outer quadrants of the left breast that had grown rapidly. Physical examination revealed a well circumscribed elastic mass and breast ultrasound showed a cyst measuring 26 mm with vegetation growing on the inner wall. Microscopic evaluation, after fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), suggested benign lesion. Tumorectomy was performed and the final diagnosis was a pure squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the breast. A simple mastectomy with sentinel node biopsy was performed...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733351/a-comparison-of-two-fat-grafting-methods-on-operating-room-efficiency-and-costs
#14
Allen Gabriel, G Patrick Maxwell, Leah Griffin, Manish C Champaneria, Mousam Parekh, David Macarios
BACKGROUND: Centrifugation (Cf) is a common method of fat processing but may be time consuming, especially when processing large volumes. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects on fat grafting time, volume efficiency, reoperations, and complication rates of Cf vs an autologous fat processing system (Rv) that incorporates fat harvesting and processing in a single unit. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients who underwent autologous fat grafting during reconstructive breast surgery with Rv or Cf...
October 11, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723407/rapidly-recurring-cysts-of-the-breast-caution-needed
#15
Russell Mullen, Anne Marie Pollock, Mark Ashton, Eileen Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723398/pilonidal-cyst-of-the-male-breast-barber-s-disease
#16
Rebecca Hughes, Fahad M Iqbal, Fathi Salem, Raghavan Vidya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721884/radiologic-findings-of-primary-mucinous-cystadenocarcinoma-of-the-breast-a-report-of-two-cases-and-a-literature-review
#17
Minjung Seong, Eun Young Ko, Boo-Kyung Han, Soo Youn Cho, Eun Yoon Cho, Se Kyung Lee, Jeong Eon Lee
Primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (MCA) of the breast is a rare but pathologically distinct breast tumor. There have been some case reports on primary MCA of the breast; however, they have all focused on pathologic findings. Here, we report the radiologic findings of two cases of MCA along with a review of the literature. Breast MCA shows a circumscribed mass with some calcifications on mammography, an intracystic solid mass without increased vascularity or a vascular stalk on ultrasound, and a heterogeneously enhancing mass within a rim-enhancing cyst with intermediate signal intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721719/malignant-phyllodes-tumor-including-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-like-areas-in-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Canan Kelten, Ceren Boyaci, Cem Leblebici, Kemal Behzatoglu, Didem C Trabulus, Serkan Sari, Mehmet A Nazli, Erol R Bozkurt
BACKGROUND: Malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare biphasic neoplasms. Only few cases related to pregnancy have been reported. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old woman presented with swelling and pain in her left breast as well as hyperemia on the breast skin, 4 weeks after labor. In her family history, her aunt and maternal cousin had had a breast cancer diagnosis. Clinical evaluation of the patient was consistent with a breast abscess. Therefore, abscess drainage and biopsy from the cavity wall were performed...
August 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629552/an-interval-prototype-classifier-based-on-a-parameterized-distance-applied-to-breast-thermographic-images
#19
Marcus C Araújo, Renata M C R Souza, Rita C F Lima, Telmo M Silva Filho
Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women. Because of this, thermographic images have received a refocus for diagnosing this cancer type. This work proposes an innovative approach to classify breast abnormalities (malignant, benignant and cyst), employing interval temperature data in order to detect breast cancer. The learning step takes into account the internal variation of the intervals when describing breast abnormalities and uses a way to map these intervals into a space where they can be more easily separated...
September 15, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622095/the-safety-effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-autologous-fat-grafting-in-breast-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Scott L Spear, Courtney N Coles, Braden K Leung, Matthew Gitlin, Mousam Parekh, David Macarios
BACKGROUND: For years, the safety and effectiveness of autologous fat grafting (AFG) for breast reconstruction have been in question, with particular concern over fat necrosis, calcifications, cyst formation, and interfering with the detection of breast cancer. However, increasing evidence suggests that the complication rates and clinical results are generally acceptable to both clinicians and patients. The emerging challenge is the numerous AFG techniques and systems, where there are limited knowledge and data...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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