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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242800/subtotal-calcanectomy-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-ulcer-associated-with-osteomyelitis-a-case-report
#1
Thiago Batista Faleiro, Alexandre Vasconcelos de Meirelles, Roberto Guimarães Rezende, Herberth Rodrigues Ferreira, Gildásio de Cerqueira Daltro, Renata da Silva Schulz
Introduction: Subtotal calcanectomy is a therapeutic option for the treatment of chronic ulcer associated with calcaneal osteomyelitis. Closure of the surgical wound can be difficult due to the lack of local cutaneous coverage. We present the first case of subtotal calcanectomy in which the ankle was positioned in plantar flexion allowing the primary closure of the surgical wound without the need for flap. Case Report: We present a case of 62-year-old female patient with a foot ulcer associated with osteomyelitis...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239222/minimal-incision-minimally-invasive-medializing-displacement-calcaneal-osteotomy
#2
Thomas I Sherman, Gregory P Guyton
Minimally invasive techniques are readily applicable to calcaneal osteotomies and have the potential to accomplish hindfoot correction equivalent to open procedures with less morbidity and pain. Use of a guidance jig makes the procedure more predictable. While most anatomic features of the procedure are the same as those with open techniques, special care must be taken to avoid neurovascular injury because there is no open exposure. Anatomic guidelines have been established for appropriately localizing the osteotomy...
December 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237480/achilles-tenodesis-for-calcaneal-insufficiency-avulsion-fractures-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Youngrak Choi, Young-Woo Kwon, Young-Suk Sim, Taeho Kim, Dayoung Song, Soohyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal insufficiency avulsion (CIA) fractures often present with neuropathic etiology, such as Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN). Under the same surgical procedures, the outcomes of CIA fractures are less desirable, compared to the outcomes of the traumatic calcaneal avulsion fractures. Here, the study suggests Achilles tenodesis technique using suture anchor after resection of the CIA fracture fragments could provide satisfactory clinical results in the cases of surgically indicated CIA fractures...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232726/-subtalare-screw-arthroereisis-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-flexible-pes-planovalgus
#4
Dariusch Arbab, Daniel Frank, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring, Carsten Wingenfeld, Mona Abbara-Czardybon
Background The purpose of this study was to determine the functional outcomes and radiographic results of the talus-stop screw method as minimally invasive subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric and juvenile flexible flatfoot. Material and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 73 feet from 41 children using the talus stop-screw method, for the period between 2002 and 2011. The age at time of surgery ranged between nine and 14 years. The radiological assessment included measuring the calcaneal pitch, talar declination, talo-first metatarsal angle (Meary) and calcaneal-first metatarsal angle (Costa-Bartani) in the lateral view...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231172/cefazolin-and-coagulation-disorders-a-case-report
#5
Eugénie Gay, Anne Barthel, Nicolas Rouzic, Basile Henriot, Baptiste Quélennec, Aurélien Lorleac'h, Nathalie Prades, François Schmitt
We report the case of a 79-year-old patient, admitted to the department of infectious diseases at Bretagne Sud Hospital Center for a right calcaneal osteitis, complicated by a pacemaker leads infectious endocarditis. Meticillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus was documented by blood culture. Antibiotic treatment was established using intravenous cefazolin for an initial 6 weeks period. Prothrombin time (PT) decreased as well as vitamin K dependent factors, without anticoagulation therapy, at day 7 of cefazolin treatment...
December 12, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230809/the-rspo3-gene-as-genetic-markers-for-bone-mass-assessed-by-quantitative-ultrasound-in-a-population-of-young-adults
#6
María Correa-Rodríguez, Jacqueline Schmidt Rio-Valle, Blanca Rueda-Medina
Ultrasound bone mass measurement has been postulated as a valuable bone-health assessment tool for primary care. The aim of this study was to analyse the possible relationship between the SPTBN1, RSPO3, CCDC170, DKK1, GPATCH1, and TMEM135 genes, with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in a population of young adults. These genes were first associated with broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) in the GEFOS/GENOMOS study. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 575 individuals (mean age 20.41 ± 2...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229272/effect-of-different-resistance-training-protocols-on-the-extracellular-matrix-of-the-calcaneal-tendon-of-rats
#7
Josete Mazon, Andrea Aparecida de Aro, Priscyla Waleska Targino de Azevedo Simões, Edson Rosa Pimentel
The calcaneal tendon extracellular matrix (ECM) is composed of collagen, non-collagenous glycoproteins and proteoglycans, and able to adapt to various biomechanical stimuli. The objective of this study was to analyze the response of different resistance-training protocols, such as hypertrophy, strength and resistance, on the organization of the calcaneal tendon after training. Wistar rats were divided into for groups: untrained (UT), resistance training (RT), hypertrophy training (HT), and strength training (ST)...
December 8, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224949/endoscopic-plantar-fasciotomy-through-two-medial-portals-for-the-treatment-of-recalcitrant-plantar-fasciopathy
#8
Mohamed Ebrahim Al-Ashhab, Hossam El-Dein A Elbegawy, Hala Ali Abed Hasan
Plantar fasciopathy is a common cause of heel pain. Endoscopic plantar fasciotomy has the advantage of less surgical trauma and rapid recovery. The aim of the present prospective study was to delineate the results of endoscopic plantar fascia release through 2 medial portals. The present study included 2 groups. The first group included 27 feet in 25 patients that had undergone endoscopic plantar fascia release followed up for 19.7 (range 12 to 33) months. The second group, the control group, included 20 feet in 16 patients treated conservatively and followed up for 16...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205431/anatomic-delineation-of-tarsal-tunnel-innervation-via-ultrasonography
#9
Alvaro Iborra, Manuel Villanueva, Stephen L Barrett, Edgardo Rodriguez-Collazo, Pablo Sanz
OBJECTIVES: High-resolution ultrasonography (US) can play an important role in studying nerves, as it has several advantages. Entrapments of distal tibial nerve branches can be mapped out or diagnosed with selective anesthetic blocks, and US can guide therapeutic procedures, such as radiofrequency ablation and selective infiltrations of specific nerve branches. The aim of this study was to verify that US is an effective method for accurately locating the posterior tibial nerve and its terminal branches, such as the medial calcaneal branch, the first calcaneal branch, and the medial and lateral plantar nerves...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202996/epidemiology-of-calcaneal-fractures-in-finland
#10
Heidi Haapasalo, Heikki-Jussi Laine, Heikki Mäenpää, Per Wretenberg, Pekka Kannus, Ville M Mattila
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the nationwide incidence (per 100,000 person-years) of operative treatment and hospitalization due to calcaneal fractures (CF) in Finland. METHODS: The study was based on the Finnish National Hospital Discharge Register. All patients aged 18-years or older admitted to Finnish hospitals for primary treatment of CF in 1987-2012 were included. RESULTS: During the 26-year study period 5977 patients were hospitalized with main or secondary diagnosis of a CF...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200642/the-effects-of-calcaneal-posture-on-thoracolumbar-alignment-in-a-standing-position
#11
Seon-Chil Kim, Jae-Hoon Yi, Sang-Woo Jung, Dong-Kwon Seo
[Purpose] Severe calcaneus misalignment is correlated with low back pain, and affects pelvic alignment. However, little has been published with regard to the influence of pronation and supination on trunk alignment. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the influence of calcaneal inversion on pelvic and trunk alignment. [Subjects and Methods] A 3-dimensional motion analysis system was used to assess pelvic and trunk alignment in 10 healthy male subjects with unilateral and bilateral calcaneus inversion...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192509/a-comparison-of-removal-rates-of-headless-screws-versus-headed-screws-in-calcaneal-osteotomy
#12
Daniel Kunzler, Pejma Shazadeh Safavi, Daniel Jupiter, Vinod K Panchbhavi
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal osteotomy has been used to successfully treat both valgus and varus hindfoot deformities. Pain associated with implanted hardware may lead to further surgical intervention for hardware removal. Headless screws have been used to reduce postoperative hardware-associated pain and accompanying hardware removal, but data proving their effectiveness in this regard is lacking. The purpose of this study is to compare the rates of removal of headed and headless screws utilized in calcaneal osteotomy...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189883/arthroscopic-treatment-combined-with-the-ankle-stabilization-procedure-is-effective-for-sinus-tarsi-syndrome-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#13
Sheng-Kun Li, Yu-Jie Song, Hong Li, Baofu Wei, Ying-Hui Hua, Hong-Yun Li
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the results of arthroscopic treatment combined with ankle stabilization procedure for sinus tarsi syndrome (STS) in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). METHODS: A total of 57 patients (31 males and 26 females, average age 29.9 ± 8.4 years ranging from 15 to 52 years) with STS and CAI who accepted operation from 2013 to 2015 were included in this retrospective study. Surgical procedures included thorough tarsal sinus debridement and repair or reconstruction of lateral ankle ligaments according to the quality of ligaments...
November 30, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185376/effect-of-the-additional-first-ray-osteotomy-on-hindfoot-alignment-after-calcaneal-osteotomy-for-the-correction-of-mild-to-moderate-adult-type-pes-plano-valgus
#14
Jun Young Choi, Seong Mu Cha, Ji Woong Yeom, Jin Soo Suh
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of the additional first ray osteotomy on hindfoot alignment for the correction of pes plano-valgus. METHODS: Data obtained from 37 consecutive patients recruited from 2006 to 2014 who underwent medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO) alone (group H) or MDCO followed by medial cuneiform opening wedge osteotomy (MCOWO) (group HF) with a minimum 1-year follow-up were reviewed retrospectively. The mean follow-up periods were 34 and 32 months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185003/ultrasound-measurements-of-achilles-tendon-length-using-skin-markings-are-more-reliable-than-extended-field-of-view-imaging
#15
Espen Femmo Brouwer, Ståle Bergman Myhrvold, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Elongation of the Achilles tendon has been associated with poorer function in patients treated for ruptures. This has led to the development of various ultrasound-based measurements, and the purpose of the present study was to compare the reliability of three ultrasound-based measuring procedures. METHODS: Twenty healthy individuals (40 tendons) were assessed by two testers at two occasions, 12 weeks apart. The tendon length was measured from the calcaneal insertion to the mid-sagittal muscle tendon junction (MTJ) using skin markings or extended-field-of-view (EFOV) imaging, or from the calcaneal insertion to the distal medial MTJ using skin markings...
November 28, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182119/ia-comparison-of-two-minimally-invasive-procedures-for-intra-articular-displaced-calcaneal-fractures-in-older-children
#16
D Lu, S-Y Zhu, J Yang, H Chen, L-J Sun
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in older children treated with poking reduction and cannulated screws fixation or with plate fixation using a sinus tarsi approach. From June 2008 to May 2012, fifty patients were randomised to operative stabilisation either by poking reduction and cannulated screws fixation (Group A, 28) or by plates fixation using a sinus tarsi approach (Group B, 22). The two groups were comparable with respect to age, gender, BMI, the affected side, cause of injury, fracture type, time from injury to surgery and follow-up time...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182114/assessment-of-the-medial-longitudinal-arch-in-children-with-flexible-pes-planus-by-plantar-pressure-mapping
#17
E M Elmoatasem, M A Eid
INTRODUCTION: Plantar Pressure mapping was introduced as a new modality for assessment of the height of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot. Therefore, the aim of this study is to correlate the plantar pressure mapping readings of arch index contact force ratio (AICFR) in children with flexible pes planus with radiographic measurements and static plantar footprints in order to determine the reliability of pressure mapping as a modality for the assessment and follow up of the flat foot deformity...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181642/laser-photobiomodulation-in-pressure-ulcer-healing-of-human-diabetic-patients-gene-expression-analysis-of-inflammatory-biochemical-markers
#18
Anelice Calixto Ruh, Lúcio Frigo, Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Paulo Svidnicki, Viviane Nogaroto Vicari, Rodrigo Alvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal Junior, Natalia De Isla, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Giovani Marino Favero
Pressure ulcers (PU) are wounds located mainly on bone surfaces where the tissue under pressure suffers ischemia leading to cellular lesion and necrosis , its causes and the healing process depend on several factors. The aim of this study was evaluating the gene expression of inflammatory/reparative factors: IL6, TNF, VEGF, and TGF, which take part in the tissue healing process under effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT). In order to perform lesion area analysis, PUs were photographed and computer analyzed...
November 28, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181183/internal-fixation-combined-with-bone-grafting-for-large-intraosseous-calcaneal-lipoma-a-case-report
#19
Yongxing Cao
Intraosseous lipoma is a rare benign bone tumor that has been reported to occur in the calcaneus and long bones. The etiology of intraosseous lipoma is unknown, although several theories have been proposed. The majority of the cases of intraosseous calcaneal lipoma reported in the literature were localized in the anterior portion of the calcaneus and were treated by curettage and bone grafting. However, for larger lipomas, no specific treatment protocol has been developed to date. We herein present a rare case involving a large intraosseous lipoma of the calcaneus in a 36-year-old man following hindfoot trauma...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175717/tibio-calcaneal-fusion-by-retrograde-intramedullary-nailing-in-charcot-neuroarthropathy
#20
Khaled M Emara, Ramy Ahmed Diab, Mohamed Amr Hemida
INTRODUCTION: Charcot's neuroarthropathy of ankle leads to instability, destruction of the joint with significant morbidity that may require an amputation. Aim of surgical treatment is to achieve painless stable plantigrade foot through arthrodesis. Achieving surgical arthrodesis in Charcot's neuroarthropathy has a high failure rate. We assess the outcomes of retrograde intramedullary interlocked nailing in tibio-talar arthrodesis for Charcot's neuroarthropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 diabetic patients with a mean age of 49 year underwent ankle tibio-talar arthrodesis using retrograde nailing for Charcot's neuroarthropathy...
November 7, 2017: Foot
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