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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088943/percutaneous-poking-reduction-and-fixation-versus-open-reduction-and-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-displaced-calcaneal-fractures-for-chinese-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Xiao-Jian Wang, Yun-Xing Su, Lu Li, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Xiao-Chun Wei, Lei Wei
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of percutaneous poking reduction and fixationwith open reduction and fixation in the treatment of displaced calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Reports of studies using case-controlled trials (CCT) to compare the percutaneous poking reduction and fixation with the open reduction and fixation in the management of calcaneal fractures were retrieved from the Cochrane Library, PubMed Database, CNKI, Chinese Biomedical Database, Wanfang Data (from January of 2005 to August of 2015)...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069623/epidemiological-survey-of-the-feasibility-of-broadband-ultrasound-attenuation-measured-using-calcaneal-quantitative-ultrasound-to-predict-the-incidence-of-falls-in-the-middle-aged-and-elderly
#2
Ling-Chun Ou, Yin-Fan Chang, Chin-Sung Chang, Ching-Ju Chiu, Ting-Hsing Chao, Zih-Jie Sun, Ruey-Mo Lin, Chih-Hsing Wu
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS-C) is a feasible tool for predicting the incidence of falls. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological cohort study. SETTING: Community-dwelling people sampled in central western Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of community-dwelling people who were ≥40 years old (men: 524; women: 676) in 2009-2010. Follow-up questionnaires were completed by 186 men and 257 women in 2012...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052381/the-lateral-calcaneal-artery-as-an-alternative-recipient-vessel-option-for-heel-and-lateral-foot-reconstruction
#3
Kyong-Je Woo, Jin-Woo Park, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of consecutive use of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA) as a recipient vessel for microsurgical reconstruction have not been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the LCA as a recipient vessel for microsurgical foot reconstruction based on anatomical study of CT angiography and clinical results of using this vessel as the recipient. METHODS: Anatomic study was performed using CT angiography of 61 lower extremities (31 patients)...
January 4, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039045/impact-of-age-gender-and-body-composition-on-bone-quality-in-an-adult-population-from-the-middle-areas-of-china
#4
Zenghui Ding, Yanyan Chen, Yang Xu, Xu Zhou, Yubing Xu, Zuchang Ma, Yining Sun
Identifying modifiable factors that influence bone status during adulthood to maximize bone quality is a potential primary strategy in the prevention of osteoporosis in later life. We investigated the impact of body height, body weight, body mass index, and body composition on calcaneal bone characteristics as measured with quantitative ultrasound in 441 Chinese adults (238 women) aged 20-55 yr from the middle areas of China. Body composition, including fat-free mass (FFM), muscle mass, and fat mass were obtained by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033057/calcaneal-bone-mass-modification-in-recreational-runners
#5
Elena Escamilla-Martínez, Alfonso Martínez-Nova, Beatriz Gómez-Martín, Raquel Sánchez-Rodríguez, Lourdes María Fernández-Seguín, Juan Diego Pedrera-Zamorano
BACKGROUND: The calcaneus is the bone of the foot that first receives the impact of running, generating vibrations that might have a positive effect in modifying the trabecular bone mass. The objective of this study was to determine the variation in calcaneal bone density in runners during a 6-month training season, comparing it with a control sample. METHODS: Bone density of the heel was measured in 33 male recreational runners by means of a contact ultrasonic bone analyzer...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033053/the-effect-of-walking-speed-on-foot-kinematics-is-modified-when-increased-pronation-is-induced
#6
Joana F Hornestam, Thales R Souza, Paula Arantes, Juliana Ocarino, Paula L Silva
BACKGROUND: The relation between walking speed and foot kinematics during gait is not well established, and neither is it clear whether this relation is modified in the presence of factors expected to increase pronation (eg, abnormal foot alignment). Understanding how foot kinematics is affected by walking speed under varying conditions could contribute to our understanding of stresses to the musculoskeletal system during walking. We evaluated the effect of walking speed on foot kinematics in the frontal plane during gait and determined whether this effect is modified by using medially inclined insoles that force the foot into increased pronation...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031517/review-article-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment-for-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fracture-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#7
Sanjay Meena, Shreesh Kumar Gangary, Pankaj Sharma
We reviewed 8 randomised controlled trials that compared operative and non-operative treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Patients with operative treatment were more likely to resume pre-injury work (relative risk [RR]=0.60, p=0.04), had fewer problems when wearing shoes (RR=0.42, p=0.0004), and had a higher physical component summary score of SF-36 (difference in means=6.75, p<0.0001) but a higher complication rate (RR=1.74, p=0.0005).
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028632/the-rs3736228-polymorphism-in-the-lrp5-gene-is-associated-with-calcaneal-ultrasound-parameter-but-not-with-body-composition-in-a-cohort-of-young-caucasian-adults
#8
María Correa-Rodríguez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Blanca Rueda-Medina
The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible influence of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) and sclerostin (SOST) genes as genetic factors contributing to calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) and body composition variables in a population of young Caucasian adults. The study population comprised a total of 575 individuals (mean age 20.41years; SD 2.36) whose bone mass was assessed through QUS to determine broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA, dB/MHz). Body composition measurements were performed using a body composition analyser...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010733/minimally-invasive-sinus-tarsi-approach-for-calcaneal-fractures
#9
Zhe Wang, Xiu Hui Wang, Sheng Long Li, Xin Tang, Bei Gang Fu, Ming Hui Wang, Sheng Li Xia
BACKGROUND: According to the anatomic characteristics of the calcaneus and the sinus tarsi approach, we designed a combined plate. The goal of this study was to retrospectively assess the functional outcomes and complications of treatment with our self-designed plate. METHODS: From March 2014 to October 2015, 18 patients with closed calcaneal fractures (14 Sanders type II and 4 type III) were treated with our combined locking plate through a minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990308/delayed-reconstruction-by-total-calcaneal-allograft-following-calcanectomy-is-it-an-option
#10
Benjamin Degeorge, Louis Dagneaux, David Forget, Florent Gaillard, François Canovas
Many options are available in literature for the management of delayed reconstruction following calcanectomy. In cases of low-grade tumor lesions, conservative surgery can be considered. We describe a case of delayed reconstruction by calcaneal allograft after calcanectomy for low-grade chondrosarcoma. At 12-month follow-up, the patient had no pain; MSTS score and AOFAS score were satisfactory. Subtalar nonunion was observed with no secondary displacement or graft necrosis. The aim of conservative treatment for this patient was to restore normal gait with plantigrade locomotion and function of the Achilles tendon...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990194/predictors-of-bone-status-by-quantitative-ultrasound-measurements-in-a-mountain-village-in-japan
#11
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Takashi Ohsawa, Noboru Oya, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
BACKGROUND: It seems to be important to recognize predictors of bone health condition in Japanese super-aged society. The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors of the speed of sound (SOS) of calcaneus by quantitative ultrasound measurements of mountain village residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical examinations were conducted on 214 participants (69 men, 145 women; average age of 63.6 years). Each had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items such as gender, dominant hand, occupation, and history of smoking and drinking alcohol, experience of falls, and the EuroQol-5-dimensions-3-level Japanese version and a 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989346/assessment-of-multipotent-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-bone-marrow-aspirate-from-human-calcaneus
#12
Chunmei Li, Cory D Kilpatrick, Shannon S Kenwood, Dean L Glettig, Douglas J Glod, Jason Mallette, Michael R Strunk, Jerry Chang, Siddhesh R Angle, David L Kaplan
Bone marrow aspirates (BMAs), owing to their innate osteogenic potential, are well-documented supplements to osteoconductive and/or osteoinductive materials. The calcaneal body provides foot and ankle surgeons a convenient harvest site with low morbidity and minimal cost. In the present study, we sought to identify and characterize multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in BMAs harvested from the human calcaneal body. Ten healthy patients aged 18 to 65 years were enrolled in the present study. BMAs were harvested from the patients without any reported postoperative complications related to the harvest...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989342/comparison-of-suture-based-anchors-and-traditional-bioabsorbable-anchors-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#13
W Chad Hembree, Michael A Tsai, Brent G Parks, Stuart D Miller
We compared the pullout strength of a suture-based anchor versus a bioabsorbable anchor in the distal fibula and calcaneus and evaluated the relationship between bone mineral density and peak load to failure. Eight paired cadaveric specimens underwent a modified Broström procedure and Achilles tendon reattachment. The fibula and calcaneus in the paired specimens received either a suture-based anchor or a bioabsorbable suture anchor. The fibular and calcaneal specimens were loaded to failure, defined as a substantial decrease in the applied load or pullout from the bone...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974984/technical-innovation-case-report-ultrasound-guided-prolotherapy-injection-for-insertional-achilles-calcific-tendinosis
#14
Benjamin K Buchanan, Jesse P DeLuca, Kyle P Lammlein
We describe the use of ultrasound guidance for hyperosmolar dextrose (prolotherapy) injection of the distal calcaneal tendon specifically just anterior to identified enthesophytes in patients with insertional Achilles calcific tendinosis refractory to conservative treatment. This specific technique has not to our knowledge been described or used in literature previously.
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943243/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-calcaneal-bone-health-in-older-japanese-adults-dose-response-relationships-in-longitudinal-data-from-the-nakanojo-study
#15
Roy J Shephard, Hyuntae Park, Sungjin Park, Yukitoshi Aoyagi
OBJECTIVES: To examine dose/response relationships between habitual physical activity and bone health in the elderly. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: Community of Nakanojo. PARTICIPANTS: Community-living Japanese aged 65 to 84 (212 men, 284 women). MEASUREMENTS: Daily 24-h pedometer/accelerometer data were collected continuously for 5 years. A quantitative calcaneal osteosonic index (OSI) was determined annually...
December 9, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942740/primary-ankle-arthrodesis-for-severely-comminuted-tibial-pilon-fractures
#16
Mohamed E Al-Ashhab
Management of severely comminuted, complete articular tibial pilon fractures (Rüedi and Allgöwer type III) remains a challenge, with few treatment options providing good clinical outcomes. Twenty patients with severely comminuted tibial pilon fractures underwent primary ankle arthrodesis with a retrograde calcaneal nail and autogenous fibular bone graft. The fusion rate was 100% and the varus malunion rate was 10%. Fracture union occurred at a mean of 16 weeks (range, 13-18 weeks) postoperatively. Primary ankle arthrodesis is a successful method for treating highly comminuted tibial pilon fractures, having a low complication rate and a high satisfaction score...
December 8, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923213/proximity-of-the-lateral-calcaneal-artery-with-a-modified-extensile-lateral-approach-compared-to-standard-extensile-approach
#17
John Y Kwon, Tyler Gonzalez, Matthew D Riedel, Ara Nazarian, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini
BACKGROUND: The extensile lateral approach (EL) has been associated with increased wound complications such as apical necrosis which may be due partially from violation of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA). Traditionally, the vertical limb has been placed half-way between the fibula and Achilles tendon, which may be suboptimal given the proximity to the LCA. We hypothesized that placing the vertical limb further posterior (ie, modified EL [MEL]) would increase the distance from the LCA...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920330/treatment-of-insertional-achilles-pathology-with-dorsal-wedge-calcaneal-osteotomy-in-athletes
#18
Dimitrios Georgiannos, Vasilis Lampridis, Angelos Vasiliadis, Ilias Bisbinas
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy and retrocalcaneal bursitis is difficult to treat, and several operative techniques have been used after failure of conservative management. Dorsal wedge calcaneal osteotomy has been described for the treatment of insertional Achilles pathology. It was hypothesized that dorsal wedge calcaneal osteotomy would be an effective and safe method for the treatment of athletes with insertional Achilles pathology unrelieved by nonoperative measures...
December 5, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915133/novel-reconstruction-technique-for-an-isolated-plantar-calcaneonavicular-spring-ligament-tear-a-5-case-series-report
#19
Ezequiel Palmanovich, Shay Shabat, Yaron S Brin, Sabri Massrawe, Iftach Hestroni, Meir Nyska
BACKGROUND: It is usually accepted that acquired flatfoot deformity after injury is usually due to partial or complete tear of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT), with secondary failure of the other structures which maintain the medial longitudinal arch, such as the plantar calcaneo-navicular (SPRING) ligament. It is unusual to find an isolated Spring Ligament (SL) tear, with an intact TP tendon. METHODS: The medial arch reconstruction technique of an isolated SL tear in 5 patients is presented discussed in this paper...
November 18, 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908492/fragility-fractures-of-the-ankle-in-the-elderly-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-tibio-talo-calcaneal-nailing-short-term-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#20
D Georgiannos, V Lampridis, I Bisbinas
INTRODUCTION: The management of ankle fractures in the elderly remains unpredictable, secondary to their various co-morbidities. Although tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) nailing has been an effective option for ankle arthrodesis due to ankle arthritis or Charcot arthropathy there are few reports regarding the use of TTC nail for the treatment of ankle fractures. PURPOSE: Aim of this study was to compare the results of ORIF versus TTC nailing for the treatment of unstable ankle fractures in the elderly...
November 17, 2016: Injury
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