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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035404/-biological-significance-of-chromium-iii-for-the-human-organism
#1
REVIEW
Anna Piotrowska, Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Gabriel Nowak
Currently, chromium is probably the most controversial transition metal. In recent publications it is clearly stated that it is not an essential micronutrient and should be considered to have a pharmacological effect. Conflicting scientific reports along with a huge amount of dietary supplements, as well as dietary and sports nutrients available on the market have prompted the authors to investigate the available information on the range of possible application, efficacy and safety of products containing salts or chelates of chromium III...
October 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035319/nutritional-therapy-in-liver-transplantation
#2
REVIEW
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Vusal Aliyev, Claudia Mandato, Shinji Uemoto
Protein-energy malnourishment is commonly encountered in patients with end-stage liver disease who undergo liver transplantation. Malnutrition may further increase morbidity, mortality and costs in the post-transplantation setting. The importance of carefully assessing the nutritional status during the work-up of patients who are candidates for liver replacement is widely recognized. The metabolic abnormalities induced by liver failure render the conventional assessment of nutritional status to be challenging...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035267/coastal-ocean-and-shelf-sea-biogeochemical-cycling-of-trace-elements-and-isotopes-lessons-learned-from-geotraces
#3
REVIEW
Matthew A Charette, Phoebe J Lam, Maeve C Lohan, Eun Young Kwon, Vanessa Hatje, Catherine Jeandel, Alan M Shiller, Gregory A Cutter, Alex Thomas, Philip W Boyd, William B Homoky, Angela Milne, Helmuth Thomas, Per S Andersson, Don Porcelli, Takahiro Tanaka, Walter Geibert, Frank Dehairs, Jordi Garcia-Orellana
Continental shelves and shelf seas play a central role in the global carbon cycle. However, their importance with respect to trace element and isotope (TEI) inputs to ocean basins is less well understood. Here, we present major findings on shelf TEI biogeochemistry from the GEOTRACES programme as well as a proof of concept for a new method to estimate shelf TEI fluxes. The case studies focus on advances in our understanding of TEI cycling in the Arctic, transformations within a major river estuary (Amazon), shelf sediment micronutrient fluxes and basin-scale estimates of submarine groundwater discharge...
November 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035265/hydrothermal-impacts-on-trace-element-and-isotope-ocean-biogeochemistry
#4
C R German, K A Casciotti, J-C Dutay, L E Heimbürger, W J Jenkins, C I Measures, R A Mills, H Obata, R Schlitzer, A Tagliabue, D R Turner, H Whitby
Hydrothermal activity occurs in all ocean basins, releasing high concentrations of key trace elements and isotopes (TEIs) into the oceans. Importantly, the calculated rate of entrainment of the entire ocean volume through turbulently mixing buoyant hydrothermal plumes is so vigorous as to be comparable to that of deep-ocean thermohaline circulation. Consequently, biogeochemical processes active within deep-ocean hydrothermal plumes have long been known to have the potential to impact global-scale biogeochemical cycles...
November 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035253/overview-of-the-mechanisms-that-could-explain-the-boundary-exchange-at-the-land-ocean-contact
#5
REVIEW
Catherine Jeandel
Land to ocean transfer of material largely controls the chemical composition of seawater and the global element cycles. Oceanic isotopic budgets of chemical species, macro- and micronutrients (e.g. Nd, Sr, Si, Mg, Zn, Mo and Ni) have revealed an imbalance between their sources and sinks. Radiogenic isotope budgets underlined the importance of taking into account continental margins as a source of elements to oceans. They also highlighted that the net land-ocean inputs of chemical species probably result from particle-dissolved exchange processes, named 'Boundary Exchange'...
November 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034180/significance-of-fermentation-process-on-biochemical-properties-of-phaseolus-vulgaris-red-beans
#6
Anteneh Worku, Omprakash Sahu
Phaseolus vulgaris L. beans have been characterized as a nearly perfect food in all around the world. It is consider functional in terms of providing nutrients and energy to sustain daily life. Red bean contain high protein, mineral, fibres and chemically diverse micronutrient composition, which can be affected by processing. The main aim of this work is to investigate the effect of open and controlled fermentation on the proximate composition, mineral elements, antinutritional factors and flatulence- causing oligosaccharides of a domesticated bean (Anger, conscope and Loko)...
December 2017: Biotechnology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034175/refining-low-protein-modular-feeds-for-children-on-low-protein-tube-feeds-with-organic-acidaemias
#7
A Daly, S Evans, C Ashmore, S Chahal, S Santra, A MacDonald
Children with inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) who are dependent on tube feeding and require a protein restriction are commonly fed by 'modular tube feeds' consisting of several ingredients. A longitudinal, prospective two-phase study, conducted over 18 months assessed the long-term efficacy of a pre-measured protein-free composite feed. This was specifically designed to meet the non-protein nutritional requirements of children (aged over 1 year) with organic acidaemias on low protein enteral feeds and to be used as a supplement with an enteral feeding protein source...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032625/the-potential-role-of-micronutrient-powders-to-improve-complementary-feeding-practices
#8
Kendra Siekmans, France Bégin, Ruth Situma, Roland Kupka
Micronutrient powder (MNP) interventions are often integrated within infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programmes to improve micronutrient intake from complementary foods. This review aims to describe country experiences with MNP interventions and their impact on IYCF practices and develop a framework for how MNP may strengthen complementary feeding practices. A literature review and key informant interviews were used to gather data on complementary feeding practices in MNP programme design, implementation, and evaluation...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032538/trace-element-analysis-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-by-inductively-coupled-plasma-sector-field-mass-spectrometry
#9
Xin Li, Peng Wang, Anthony Lutton, John Olesik
Transition metal ions play important structural, regulatory, and catalytic roles in all biological systems by serving as cofactors for proteins. Due to their relatively low levels in the cell compared to abundant metal ions such as potassium and magnesium, transition metals are often considered micronutrients and referred to as trace elements. Manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) are the most prevalent transition metals in the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Here, we describe a method for the accurate measurement of these trace elements in B...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032059/is-the-adaptive-immune-response-in-murine-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-influenced-by-zinc-supplementation
#10
Cássia Mariana Bronzon da Costa, Marina Del Vecchio Filipin, Fabrícia Helena Santello, Luiz Miguel Pereira, Miriam Paula Alonso Toldo, José Clóvis do Prado Júnior, Ana Amélia Carraro Abrahão
Chagas disease afflicts 7 to 8 million people worldwide and congenital Chagas' disease usually leads to changes in the maternal environment, culminating in fetal adaptations. Several articles have described the importance of micronutrients on pregnancy, which is sensitive to infections. In Trypanosoma cruzi endemic regions, the Chagas disease is aggravated by the lack of micronutrients in an average diet, to which pregnant women are more susceptible. The aim of this study was to evaluate distinct T cells phenotypes and intracellular cytokines by flow cytometry in pregnant Wistar rats under zinc therapy during experimental Chagas' disease...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027975/dietary-supplement-use-during-preconception-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#11
Elle McKenna, Alexis Hure, Anthony Perkins, Ellie Gresham
Worldwide, dietary supplement use among reproductive aged women is becoming increasingly common. The aim of this study was to investigate dietary supplement use among Australian women during preconception. Self-reported data were collected prospectively for the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). The sample included 485 women aged 31-36 years, with supplement data, classified as preconception when completing Survey 5 of the ALSWH in 2009. Frequency and contingency tables were calculated and Pearson's chi-square test for associations between demographic variables and supplementation status was performed...
October 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027830/occurrence-types-properties-and-interactions-of-phenolic-compounds-with-other-food-constituents-in-oil-bearing-plants
#12
Muhammad H Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N Alhamad, Ghaid J Al-Rabadi, Carole C Tranchant, Ali Almajwal, Stan Kubow, Inteaz Alli
Phenolic phytochemicals have become of interest due to their therapeutic potential, particularly with regards to their anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic properties. An evolving area of research involving phenolics in foods and their products pertains to the functional, biological, and nutritional consequences resulting from the binding between certain phenolic compounds and the macronutrient and micronutrient constituents of foods. The goal of this review is to provide a summary of studies investigating endogenous phenolic interactions with major components in food systems, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, minerals and vitamins, with a focus on the phenolic compounds and nutrients in oil-bearing plants...
October 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026423/comprehensive-maternal-characteristics-associated-with-birth-weight-bayesian-modeling-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-from-iran
#13
Marjan Mansourian, Raziyeh Mohammadi, Hamid Reza Marateb, Akram Yazdani, Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Sajedeh Molavi
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to determine comprehensive maternal characteristics associated with birth weight using Bayesian modeling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 526 participants were included in this prospective study. Nutritional status, supplement consumption during the pregnancy, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, anthropometric measures, physical activity, and pregnancy outcomes were considered as effective variables on the birth weight...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025632/modifiers-of-the-effect-of-maternal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-on-stillbirth-birth-outcomes-and-infant-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-from-17-randomised-trials-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Emily R Smith, Anuraj H Shankar, Lee S-F Wu, Said Aboud, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Hasmot Ali, Rina Agustina, Shams Arifeen, Per Ashorn, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Parul Christian, Delanjathan Devakumar, Kathryn G Dewey, Henrik Friis, Exnevia Gomo, Piyush Gupta, Pernille Kæstel, Patrick Kolsteren, Hermann Lanou, Kenneth Maleta, Aissa Mamadoultaibou, Gernard Msamanga, David Osrin, Lars-Åke Persson, Usha Ramakrishnan, Juan A Rivera, Arjumand Rizvi, H P S Sachdev, Willy Urassa, Keith P West, Noel Zagre, Lingxia Zeng, Zhonghai Zhu, Wafaie W Fawzi, Christopher R Sudfeld
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are common among women in low-income and middle-income countries. Data from randomised trials suggest that maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation decreases the risk of low birthweight and potentially improves other infant health outcomes. However, heterogeneity across studies suggests influence from effect modifiers. We aimed to identify individual-level modifiers of the effect of multiple micronutrient supplements on stillbirth, birth outcomes, and infant mortality in low-income and middle-income countries...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025619/antenatal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-benefits-beyond-iron-folic-acid-alone
#15
Jeannine Baumgartner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024353/exercise-and-physical-activity-for-patients-with-esld-improving-functional-status-and-sarcopenia-while-on-the-transplant-waitlist
#16
REVIEW
Andrés Duarte-Rojo, Astrid Ruiz-Margáin, Aldo J Montaño-Loza, Ricardo Macías-Rodríguez, Arny Ferrando, W Ray Kim
Sarcopenia and physical deconditioning are frequent complications in patients with cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease (ESLD). They are the end result of impaired dietary intake, chronic inflammation, altered macro- and micronutrient metabolism, and low physical activity. Frailty is the end result of prolonged sarcopenia and physical deconditioning. It severely affects a patient's functional status, and presents in about 1 in 5 patients on the liver transplant (LT) waitlist. Sarcopenia, poor physical fitness/cardiopulmonary endurance, and frailty are all associated with increased mortality in ESLD...
October 11, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023401/effects-of-sorghum-malting-on-colour-major-classes-of-phenolics-and-individual-anthocyanins
#17
Ali Khoddami, Mohammad Mohammadrezaei, Thomas H Roberts
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) grain contains many health-promoting phytochemicals, including a broad range of phenolic compounds. Malting of cereal grains is known to increase the bioavailability of macro- and micronutrients. However, the detailed effects of malting on sorghum grain anthocyanins, a major class of phenolics that influence the taste and colour of sorghum-based foods, requires further investigation. Eight commercial sorghum hybrids harvested from three regions in eastern Australia were malted and analysed for colour, tannin content, total phenolic content (TPC), flavan-4-ols, total flavonoids, total anthocyanins and 3-deoxyanthocyanins...
October 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022999/effects-of-selenium-application-on-plant-growth-and-some-quality-parameters-in-peanut-arachis-hypogaea
#18
Seyyid Irmak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Selenium (Se) is an essential plant micronutrient and has been repetedly shown to enhance crop growth and crop tolerance to abiotic stresses when applied in trace amounts. However, physiological responses of different plants vary significantly to the Se fertilizer application. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Se application on yield and quality parameters of peanut under field conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pot experiment was conducted where Se fertilizer was applied (i) To soil at 5 different doses, (ii) As folier fertilizer or (iii) Via seed soaking at 4 different doses...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022752/nutritional-characteristics-of-the-diets-of-child-and-adolescent-cancer-survivors
#19
Julia Ferrari Carneiro Teixeira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia-Lemos, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
PURPOSE: Diseases associated with prior treatment, such as obesity, have been described in cancer survivors. Recent studies have shown that current estimates of overweight do not differ from that in the general population, suggesting the influence of environmental factors, such as dietary intake. In this context, there is increasing interest in the examination of health behaviors that may modify and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of dietary intake among child cancer survivors living in a developing country...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021370/integrating-nutrition-interventions-into-an-existing-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-program-increased-maternal-dietary-diversity-micronutrient-intake-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-bangladesh-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation
#20
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Sunny S Kim, Tina Sanghvi, Zeba Mahmud, Lan Mai Tran, Sadia Shabnam, Bachera Aktar, Raisul Haque, Kaosar Afsana, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Maternal undernutrition is a major concern globally, contributing to poor birth outcomes. Limited evidence exists on delivering multiple interventions for maternal nutrition simultaneously. Alive & Thrive addressed this gap by integrating nutrition-focused interpersonal counseling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring through an existing Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH) program in Bangladesh.Objectives: We evaluated the effect of providing nutrition-focused MNCH compared with standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counseling) on coverage of nutrition interventions, maternal dietary diversity, micronutrient supplement intake, and early breastfeeding practices...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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