keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

micronutrient

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656569/ghanaian-parents-perceptions-of-pre-and-postnatal-nutrient-supplements-and-their-effects
#1
Katherine P Adams, Harriet Okronipa, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Mary Arimond, Sika Kumordzie, Brietta M Oaks, Maku E Ocansey, Rebecca R Young, Stephen A Vosti, Kathryn G Dewey
Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) have been studied in efficacy and effectiveness trials, but little is known about how parents perceive the products and their effects. In a randomised trial in Ghana, efficacy of SQ-LNS provided to women during pregnancy and the first 6 months postpartum and to their children from 6 to 18 months of age was assessed by comparison with iron-folic acid (IFA) capsules and multiple micronutrient (MMN) capsules provided to women. In a follow-up study conducted when the index children from the original trial were between 4 and 6 years of age, we used survey-based methods to assess retrospective and current parental perceptions of nutrient supplements generally and of SQ-LNS and their effects compared with perceptions IFA and MMN capsules...
April 15, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656488/importance-of-coverage-and-quality-for-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-delivered-through-an-existing-health-programme-in-bangladesh
#2
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Edward A Frongillo, Tina Sanghvi, Sunny S Kim, Silvia Alayon, Lan Mai Tran, Zeba Mahmud, Bachera Aktar, Purnima Menon
Understanding implementation of interventions is critical to illuminate if, how, and why the interventions achieve impact. Alive & Thrive integrated a nutrition intervention into an existing maternal, neonatal, and child health (MNCH) programme in Bangladesh, documenting improvements in women's micronutrient supplement intake and dietary diversity. Here, we examined how well the nutrition intervention was implemented and which elements of implementation explained intervention impact. Survey data were collected in 2015 and 2016 from frontline health workers (FLW) and households in areas randomized to nutrition-focused MNCH (intensified interpersonal counselling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring) or standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counselling)...
April 14, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656297/reducing-mineral-and-vitamin-deficiencies-through-biofortification-progress-under-harvestplus
#3
Howarth Bouis
Fundamentally, the prevalence of mineral and vitamin deficiencies is high in developing countries due to the fact that agricultural systems do not produce sufficient foods rich in minerals and vitamins. Biofortification involves breeding staple food crops to increase their micronutrient content, targeting staple foods widely consumed by low-income families globally. In so doing, biofortification contributes to solving the underlying problem of mineral and vitamin deficiencies by increasing the amount of iron, zinc, and provitamin A produced by food systems...
April 13, 2018: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655832/serum-magnesium-phosphorus-and-calcium-levels-and-subclinical-calcific-aortic-valve-disease-a-population-based-study
#4
Takashi Hisamatsu, Katsuyuki Miura, Akira Fujiyoshi, Aya Kadota, Naoko Miyagawa, Atsushi Satoh, Maryam Zaid, Takashi Yamamoto, Minoru Horie, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common valve disease. Although micronutrients are known to contribute to cardiovascular disease, the relationship with CAVD remains poorly evaluated. We examined the association of serum levels of magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium with prevalence, incidence, and progression of aortic valve calcification (AVC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in a population-based sample of Japanese men aged 40-79 years without known cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease at baseline, and quantified AVC from serial computed tomographic images with the Agatston method...
March 22, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644395/metabolic-phenotyping-of-malnutrition-during-the-first-1000-days-of-life
#5
REVIEW
Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Jonathan R Swann
Nutritional restrictions during the first 1000 days of life can impair or delay the physical and cognitive development of the individual and have long-term consequences for their health. Metabolic phenotyping (metabolomics/metabonomics) simultaneously measures a diverse range of low molecular weight metabolites in a sample providing a comprehensive assessment of the individual's biochemical status. There are a growing number of studies applying such approaches to characterize the metabolic derangements induced by various forms of early-life malnutrition...
April 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642444/nutritionally-optimized-culturally-acceptable-cost-minimized-diets-for-low-income-ghanaian-families-using-linear-programming
#6
Esa-Pekka A Nykänen, Hanna E Dunning, Richmond N O Aryeetey, Aileen Robertson, Alexandr Parlesak
The Ghanaian population suffers from a double burden of malnutrition. Cost of food is considered a barrier to achieving a health-promoting diet. Food prices were collected in major cities and in rural areas in southern Ghana. Linear programming (LP) was used to calculate nutritionally optimized diets (food baskets (FBs)) for a low-income Ghanaian family of four that fulfilled energy and nutrient recommendations in both rural and urban settings. Calculations included implementing cultural acceptability for families living in extreme and moderate poverty (food budget under USD 1...
April 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627451/regulation-and-function-of-avian-selenogenome
#7
REVIEW
Shuping Li, Fei Gao, Jiaqiang Huang, Yuanyuan Wu, Sen Wu, Xin Gen Lei
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient required by avian species. Dietary Se/vitamin E deficiency induces three classical diseases in chicks: exudative diathesis, nutritional pancreatic atrophy, and nutritional muscular dystrophy. SCOPE OF REVIEW: This review is to summarize and analyze the evolution, regulation, and function of avian selenogenome and selenoproteome and their relationship with the three classical Se/vitamin E deficiency diseases...
April 5, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627032/factors-associated-with-distal-symmetric-polyneuropathies-in-adult-zambians-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-the-role-of-hiv-non-antiretroviral-medication-exposures-and-nutrition
#8
Michelle Kvalsund, Takondwa Chidumayo, Johanna Hamel, David Herrmann, Douglas Heimburger, Amanda Peltier, Gretchen Birbeck
BACKGROUND: Non-antiretroviral (ART) drug exposures and poor nutrition may be important modifiable risk factors for distal symmetric polyneuropathies (DSP) in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of DSP prevalence and factors associated with DSP among clinic attendees in urban and rural Zambia. All participants underwent neurologist-performed examination. Laboratory investigations seeking comorbid risk factors for DSP were performed for DSP cases...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626605/mechanisms-of-selenium-hyperaccumulation-in-plants-a-survey-of-molecular-biochemical-and-ecological-cues
#9
REVIEW
Leonardo Warzea Lima, Elizabeth A H Pilon-Smits, Michela Schiavon
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) is a micronutrient required for many life forms, but toxic at higher concentration. Plants do not have a Se requirement, but can benefit from Se via enhanced antioxidant activity. Some plant species can accumulate Se to concentrations above 0.1% of dry weight and seem to possess mechanisms that distinguish Se from its analog sulfur (S). Research on these so-called Se hyperaccumulators aims to identify key genes for this remarkable trait and to understand ecological implications...
April 4, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625785/the-role-of-infectious-disease-impact-in-informing-decision-making-for-animal-health-management-in-aquaculture-systems-in-bangladesh
#10
Maria Garza, Chadag Vishnumurthy Mohan, Meezanur Rahman, Barbara Wieland, Barbara Häsler
The aquaculture sector in Bangladesh is an important employer and a significant source of foreign exchange. In addition, it contributes significantly to food security due to the role of fish in peoples' diets, the most important source of protein and micronutrients. However, infectious diseases represent an important barrier to sector development due to economic losses and vulnerability of smallholders. The aim of this study was to gain an overview of the impact of infectious diseases in the aquaculture sector, and to assess the usefulness and use of impact studies in decision making for animal health management and biosecurity governance in Bangladesh...
March 20, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620600/environmental-enteropathy-micronutrient-adequacy-and-length-velocity-in-nepalese-children-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort-study
#11
Marianne S Morseth, Sigrun Henjum, Catherine Schwinger, Tor A Strand, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Binob Shrestha, Ram K Chandyo, Manjeswori Ulak, Liv Elin Torheim
OBJECTIVES: Environmental enteropathy (EE) is likely associated with growth retardation in children, but the association between EE and length velocity z-score (LVZ) has not been investigated. The objective of the study was to assess associations between fecal markers for intestinal inflammation and LVZ and whether these associations were influenced by micronutrient adequacy among 9-24 months old children in Bhaktapur, Nepal. METHODS: Data was divided into 5 time slots (9-12, 12-15, 15-18, 18-21 and 21-24 months)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619220/development-of-the-recovery-from-eating-disorders-for-life-food-guide-real-food-guide-a-food-pyramid-for-adults-with-an-eating-disorder
#12
Susan Hart, Claire Marnane, Caitlin McMaster, Angela Thomas
Background: There is limited evidence to inform nutrition and dietetic interventions for individuals with eating disorders even though it is recommended as an essential part of multidisciplinary management. There is minimal guidance, an absence of standardised nutrition educational material, and no research on how best to educate patients on healthy eating and how to achieve nutrition adequacy. Therefore the REAL Food Guide was developed. Methods: The REAL Food Guide is a pyramid with four layers and key nutrition messages beside each layer that was conceived to address gaps in nutrition education and intervention for individuals with eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619077/risk-factors-for-vitamin-a-and-d-deficiencies-among-children-under-five-in-the-state-of-palestine
#13
Aeysha Bushra Chaudhry, Shakoor Hajat, Najwa Rizkallah, Ala'a Abu-Rub
Background: Vitamin A and D are essential for the proper growth and development of a child. Due to the complex political circumstances in the state of Palestine, research on micronutrient deficiency is scarce. Methods: The Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH) and UNICEF conducted a national cross-sectional survey in 2013 after the implementation of various micronutrient supplementation and fortification programs. Risk factors for levels of vitamin A ( n  = 1054) and vitamin D ( n  = 150) were assessed among children aged 6 to 59 months using chi-square tests and logistic regression with each of the outcome variables, vitamin A and D deficiencies...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619016/cyclic-amp-pathway-activation-and-extracellular-zinc-induce-rapid-intracellular-zinc-mobilization-in-candida-albicans
#14
Lasse Kjellerup, Anne-Marie L Winther, Duncan Wilson, Anja T Fuglsang
Zinc is an essential micronutrient, required for a range of zinc-dependent enzymes and transcription factors. In mammalian cells, zinc serves as a second messenger molecule. However, a role for zinc in signaling has not yet been established in the fungal kingdom. Here, we used the intracellular zinc reporter, zinbo-5, which allowed visualization of zinc in the endoplasmic reticulum and other components of the internal membrane system in Candida albicans . We provide evidence for a link between cyclic AMP/PKA- and zinc-signaling in this major human fungal pathogen...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616961/dietary-intake-of-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-among-the-greek-population-hel-nhanes-2013-2015
#15
Εmmanouella Magriplis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, D Karagiorgou, A Mitsopoulou, I Dimakopoulos, I Bakogianni, Antonios Zampelas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616249/anti-aging-potential-of-tree-nuts-with-a-focus-on-the-phytochemical-composition-molecular-mechanisms-and-thermal-stability-of-major-bioactive-compounds
#16
REVIEW
Marius Emil Rusu, Ana-Maria Gheldiu, Andrei Mocan, Laurian Vlase, Daniela-Saveta Popa
Tree nuts, complete functional foods, contain macro- and micronutrients of high biological value. These bioactive compounds have a synergistic effect in preventing and delaying many age-related pathologies (e.g. cardiovascular diseases, stroke, type 2 diabetes mellitus, certain types of cancer, and several neurodegenerative diseases). Tree nuts are low in carbohydrates, but they abound in healthy fatty acids, in optimal proportion for a good plasma lipid profile, and are a good source of proteins, rich in proteinogenic amino acids...
April 4, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615406/selenoproteins-regulate-stress-erythroid-progenitors-and-spleen-microenvironment-during-stress-erythropoiesis
#17
Chang Liao, Ross C Hardison, Mary J Kennett, Bradley A Carlson, Robert F Paulson, K Sandeep Prabhu
Micronutrient selenium (Se) plays a key role in redox regulation through its incorporation into selenoproteins as the 21st amino acid selenocysteine (Sec). Because Se deficiency appears to be a cofactor in the anemia associated with chronic inflammatory diseases, we reasoned that selenoproteins may contribute to erythropoietic recovery from anemia, referred to as stress erythropoiesis. Here, we report that loss of selenoproteins through Se deficiency or by mutation of the Sec tRNA (tRNA [Sec] ) gene ( Trsp ) severely impairs stress erythropoiesis at two stages...
April 3, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614986/rapunzel-syndrome-an-infrequent-cause-of-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-abdominal-pain-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#18
Giuseppe Cannalire, Luigi Conti, Maurizio Celoni, Carmine Grassi, Andrea Cella, Giulia Bensi, Patrizio Capelli, Giacomo Biasucci
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and abdominal pain are commonly seen in a pediatric emergency department (8 and 18% incidence respectively in our center). They are manifestations of a wide variety of diseases ranging from benign to immediately life-threatening. Trichobezoar is an under-diagnosed entity that has to be considered in children and adolescents, expecially female, suffering from trichotillomania (compulsion to pull hair) and trichophagy (compulsion to swallow hair)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614534/-current-concepts-of-cardiologic-therapies-in-the-elderly
#19
Ursula Müller-Werdan, Kristina Norman
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN THE OLD PATIENT: Even old patients may crucially benefit from reopening the occluded coronary artery by percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. Bleeding complications can be reduced by choosing the radial instead of the femoral vascular approach for cardiac catheterization. STATINS FOR THE ELDERLY: WHEN TO START UND WHEN TO STOP?: Elderly benefit no less than the younger from statins. "Goal-oriented statin therapy" is preferable to the "statin strategy of fixed dose"...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614035/investigating-the-nutritional-and-recovery-habits-of-tennis-players
#20
James A Fleming, Robert J Naughton, Liam D Harper
In this study, the nutritional and recovery habits of tennis players pre-, during, and post-match-play were investigated. Seventy tennis players completed a bespoke nutrition and recovery habits questionnaire, with questions related to the following areas: match preparation, intra-match nutritional habits, situation dependent variables, and post-match nutrition and recovery. On match day-1, the consumption of balanced meals consisting of carbohydrate (CHO), fat and protein, with some micronutrient considerations were reported by 51% of players...
April 3, 2018: Nutrients
keyword
keyword
23359
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"