Read by QxMD icon Read


Haibo Wang, Xiaokun Han, Eric Kunz, M Elizabeth Hartnett
Purpose: This study addresses the hypothesis that age-related stresses upregulate Thy-1 in choroidal endothelial cells (CECs) and contribute to CEC activation and migration, processes important in choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Methods: Measurements were made of Thy-1 protein (Western blot) in CECs and Thy-1 mRNA (real time quantitative PCR) in CECs treated with VEGF, CCL11, or PBS or in RPE/choroids from young or old donors or lasered or nonlasered mice. Immunolabeled Thy-1 in ocular sections was compared from young versus old human donor eyes or those with or without neovascular AMD or from lasered versus nonlasered mice...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Elisabeth Sanchez-Mejias, Victoria Navarro, Sebastian Jimenez, Maria Sanchez-Mico, Raquel Sanchez-Varo, Cristina Nuñez-Diaz, Laura Trujillo-Estrada, Jose Carlos Davila, Marisa Vizuete, Antonia Gutierrez, Javier Vitorica
The role of microglial cells in the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has not been elucidated. Here, we demonstrated the existence of a weak microglial response in human AD hippocampus which is in contrast to the massive microglial activation observed in APP-based models. Most importantly, microglial cells displayed a prominent degenerative profile (dentate gyrus > CA3 > CA1 > parahippocampal gyrus), including fragmented and dystrophic processes with spheroids, a reduced numerical density, and a significant decrease in the area of surveillance ("microglial domain")...
October 14, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
Fernanda Paula Yamamoto Silva, Andrielle Dias, Carolinne Almeida Coelho, Eliete Neves Guerra, Ana Elizia Mascarenhas Marques, Daniel de Almeida Decurcio, Andrea Mantesso, Sérgio Elias Vieira Cury, Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva
Multicystic and unicystic ameloblastomas are benign odontogenic tumors that present distinct biological behavior. The investigation of stem cells has become an important branch of tumor biology, with several studies addressing the possible role of these cells in tumor growth, angiogenesis, progression, infiltration and invasiveness. This study evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of CD90(Thy-1) and P75NTR stem cell markers in multicystic and unicystic ameloblastomas. Seventeen (17) samples of ameloblastomas (multicystic, n = 10; unicystic, n = 7) were submitted to immunohistochemical reactions and graded semi-quantitatively...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Theebaa Anasamy, Chun Keng Thy, Kong Mun Lo, Chin Fei Chee, Swee Keong Yeap, Behnam Kamalidehghan, Lip Yong Chung
This study seeks to investigate the relationship between the structural modification and bioactivity of a series of tribenzyltin complexes with different ligands and substitutions. Complexation with the N,N-diisopropylcarbamothioylsulfanylacetate or isonicotinate ligands enhanced the anticancer properties of tribenzyltin compounds via delayed cancer cell-cycle progression, caspase-dependent apoptosis induction, and significant reduction in cell motility, migration and invasion. Halogenation of the benzyl ring improved the anticancer effects of the tribenzyltin compounds with the N,N-diisopropylcarbamothioylsulfanylacetate ligand...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Song Jiao, Xu Li, Huimin Yu, Huan Yang, Xue Li, Zhongyao Shen
Surfactin-family lipopeptides are green biosurfactants with substantial industrial potential. The major problem prohibiting surfactin use is the low titer of the wild producer, Bacillus subtilis. Using transcriptomic analysis, four strong promoters, PgroE, Pcdd, PrplK, and PsspE, were identified and cloned from the genome of B. subtilis THY-7, a novel surfactin producer that has been identified from soil with a 0.55 g/L surfactin titer. An optimal promoter, PgroE, was selected to replace the native THY-7 surfactin synthase (SrfA) promoter through single-cross homologous recombination; however, the resulting engineered strain containing the PgroE substitution did not synthesize surfactin...
October 10, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Caitlin S Garwood, Paul J Kim, Vinay Matai, John S Steinberg, Karen K Evans, Carol Deane B Mitnick, Christopher E Attinger
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of bovine collagen-glycosaminoglycan matrix on atypical lower extremity ulcers. A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent application of bovine collagen matrix to a lower extremity ulcer with an atypical etiology including autoimmune disease, sickle cell anemia, radiation therapy, connective tissue disease, vasculitis, or coagulopathy from January 2009 to October 2014. The following outcomes were evaluated: rate of ulcer healing and closure, number of ulcers that received a split-thickness skin graft, improvement in pain, and complications related to the ulcer...
September 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Hitokazu Esaki, Patrick M Brunner, Yael Renert-Yuval, Tali Czarnowicki, Thy Huynh, Gary Tran, Sarah Lyon, Giselle Rodriguez, Supriya Immaneni, Donald B Johnson, Bruce Bauer, Judilyn Fuentes-Duculan, Xiuzhong Zheng, Xiangyu Peng, Yeriel D Estrada, Hui Xu, Christina de Guzman Strong, Mayte Suárez-Fariñas, James G Krueger, Amy S Paller, Emma Guttman-Yassky
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) affects 15% to 25% of children and 4% to 7% of adults. Paradigm-shifting discoveries about AD have been based on adult biomarkers, reflecting decades of disease activity, although 85% of cases begin by 5 years. Blood phenotyping shows only TH2 skewing in patients with early-onset pediatric AD, but alterations in early pediatric skin lesions are unknown, limiting advancement of targeted therapies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize the early pediatric AD skin phenotype and its differences from pediatric control subjects and adults with AD...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
N Satheeshkumar, R S K Vijayan, A Lingesh, S Santhikumar, Ch Vishnuvardhan
India has traditionally been known to all over the world for spices and medicinal plants. Spices exhibit a wide range of pharmacological activities. In contemporary, Indian spices are used to rustle up delicious delicacies. However, the Indian spices are more than just adjuvant which adds aroma and fragrance to foods. A few spices are very widely used and grown commercially in many countries, contain many important chemical constituents in the form of essential oil, oleoresin, oleogum, and resins, which impart flavor, pungency, and color to the prepared dishes, simultaneously exerts diverse therapeutic benefits...
2016: Advances in Neurobiology
Hsiao-Ming Chao, Lei Hu, Ji-Min Cheng, Xiao-Qian Liu, Jorn-Hon Liu, Wynn Hwai-Tzong Pan, Xiu-Mei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Retinal ischemia is a retinal disorder related to retinal vascular occlusion, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. The study aimed to evaluate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of Chi-Ju-Di-Huang-Wan (CJDHW) against retinal ischemia in rats. METHODS: High intraocular pressure (HIOP)-induced retinal ischemia was established in Wistar rats by raising their intraocular pressure to 120 mmHg for 60 min with in an eye whose anterior chamber was cannulated with a 30-guage needle adapted to a normal saline bottle through an intravenous line...
2016: Chinese Medicine
Mingde Ji, Yanlai Lu, Chenhui Zhao, Wenxing Gao, Fengxia He, Jing Zhang, Dan Zhao, Wen Qiu, Yingwei Wang
Inflammatory response has been reported to contribute to the renal lesions in rat Thy-1 nephritis (Thy-1N) as an animal model of human mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN). Besides C5b-9 complex, C5a is also a potent pro-inflammatory mediator and correlated to severity of various nephritic diseases. However, the role of C5a in mediating pro-inflammatory cytokine production in rats with Thy-1N is poorly defined. In the present studies, the levels of C5a, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were first determined in the renal tissues of rats with Thy-1N...
2016: PloS One
Daniel Blashki, Matthew B Murphy, Mauro Ferrari, Paul J Simmons, Ennio Tasciotti
In this study, we show that matrix dense cortical bone is the more potent compartment of bone than bone marrow as a stromal source for mesenchymal stem cells as isolated from adult rats. Lineage-depleted cortical bone-mesenchymal stem cells demonstrated >150-fold enrichment of colony forming unit-fibroblasts per cell incidence. compared to lineage-depleted bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells, corresponding to a 70-fold increase in absolute recovered colony forming unit-fibroblasts. The composite phenotype Lin(-)/CD45(-)/CD31(-)/VLA-1(+)/Thy-1(+) enriched for clonogenic mesenchymal stem cells solely from cortical bone-derived cells from which 70% of clones spontaneously differentiated into all lineages of bone, cartilage, and adipose...
January 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Yuan-Ting Sun, Shun-Fen Tzeng, Thy-Sheng Lin, Kuei-Sen Hsu, Eric Delpire, Meng-Ru Shen
The autosomal recessive Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathy with Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (HMSN/ACC) is associated with the dysfunction of the K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter type 3 (KCC3), which is an electroneutral cotransporter. We previously found that the inhibition of KCC3 cotransporter activity reduces the propagation of action potentials in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). However, the pathogenesis by which KCC3 deficiency impairs peripheral nerve function remains to be examined. Thus, we conducted imaging and electrophysiological studies in the peripheral nerves of KCC3(-/-) mice at various ages...
October 29, 2016: Neuroscience
Qingxue Li, Elizabeth Fischer, Jeffrey I Cohen
: Previously we showed that THY-1 has a critical role in the initial stage of infection of certain cell types with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and that THY-1 is important for HCMV-mediated activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt during virus entry. THY-1 is known to interact with integrins and is a major cargo protein of clathrin-independent endocytic vesicles. Since macropinocytosis involves integrin signaling, is PI3K/Akt dependent, and is a clathrin-independent endocytic process, we determined whether THY-1 has a role in HCMV entry by macropinocytosis...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Marcella Reale, Elanur Aydin
Thymol (THY), which is a monocyclic monoterpene, is one of the major constituent of the essential oils of thyme and origanum. To date, although various biological activities of THY have been demonstrated, its neurotoxicity has never been explored. We aimed to describe in vitro antiproliferative and/or cytotoxic properties (by 3-(4,5 dimetylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenlytetrazolium bromide (MTT) test), genotoxic damage potentials (by single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE)) and oxidative effects (by total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidative stress (TOS) analysis) of THY...
August 23, 2016: Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Amy S Paller, Yael Renert-Yuval, Maria Suprun, Hitokazu Esaki, Margeaux Oliva, Thy Nhat Huynh, Benjamin Ungar, Norma Kunjravia, Rivka Friedland, Xiangyu Peng, Xiuzhong Zheng, Yeriel D Estrada, James G Krueger, Keith A Choate, Mayte Suárez-Fariñas, Emma Guttman-Yassky
BACKGROUND: The ichthyoses are rare genetic disorders associated with generalized scaling, erythema, and epidermal barrier impairment. Pathogenesis-based therapy is largely lacking, since the underlying molecular basis is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To characterize molecularly cutaneous inflammation and its correlation with clinical and barrier characteristics. METHODS: We analyzed biopsies from 21 genotyped ichthyosis patients (congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (n=6), lamellar ichthyosis (n=7), epidermolytic ichthyosis, (n=5) and Netherton syndrome (n=3)) by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR and compared them with healthy controls, and atopic dermatitis (AD) and psoriasis patients...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Annika Scheffold, Inge R Holtman, Sandra Dieni, Nieske Brouwer, Sarah-Fee Katz, Billy Michael Chelliah Jebaraj, Philipp J Kahle, Bastian Hengerer, André Lechel, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Erik W G M Boddeke, Bart J L Eggen, Karl-Lenhard Rudolph, Knut Biber
Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders of the elderly and ageing hence described to be a major risk factor. Telomere shortening as a result of the inability to fully replicate the ends of linear chromosomes is one of the hallmarks of ageing. The role of telomere dysfunction in neurological diseases and the ageing brain is not clarified and there is an ongoing discussion whether telomere shortening is linked to Parkinson's disease. Here we studied a mouse model of Parkinson's disease (Thy-1 [A30P] α-synuclein transgenic mouse model) in the background of telomere shortening (Terc knockout mouse model)...
August 22, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Shailender Bhatia, Kim Margolin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2016: Cancer
Hanene Miladi, Tarek Zmantar, Yassine Chaabouni, Kais Fedhila, Amina Bakhrouf, Kacem Mahdouani, Kamel Chaieb
In this study thymol (THY) and carvacrol (CAR), two monoterpenic phenol produced by various aromatic plants, was tested for their antibacterial and efflux pump inhibitors potencies against a panel of clinical and foodborne pathogenes. Our results demonstrated a substantial susceptibility of the tested bacteria toward THY and CAR. Especially, THY displayed a strong inhibitory activity (MIC's values ranged from 32 to 64 μg/mL) against the majority of the tested strains compared to CAR. Moreover, a significant reduction in MIC's of TET and benzalkonium chloride (QAC) were noticed when tested in combinations with THY and CAR...
October 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Fernando Luis Esteban Florez, Rochelle Denise Hiers, Kristin Smart, Jens Kreth, Fengxia Qi, Justin Merritt, Sharukh Soli Khajotia
OBJECTIVE: The release of unpolymerized monomers and by-products of resin composites influences biofilm growth and confounds the measurement of metabolic activity. Current assays to measure biofilm viability have critical limitations and are typically not performed on relevant substrates. The objective of the present study was to determine the utility of firefly luciferase assay for quantification of the viability of intact biofilms on a resin composite substrate, and correlate the results with a standard method (viable colony counts)...
October 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Emilie Audouard, Sarah Houben, Caterina Masaracchia, Zehra Yilmaz, Valérie Suain, Michèle Authelet, Robert De Decker, Luc Buée, Alain Boom, Karelle Leroy, Kunie Ando, Jean-Pierre Brion
In Alzheimer disease, the development of tau pathology follows neuroanatomically connected pathways, suggesting that abnormal tau species might recruit normal tau by passage from cell to cell. Herein, we analyzed the effect of stereotaxic brain injection of human Alzheimer high-molecular-weight paired helical filaments (PHFs) in the dentate gyrus of wild-type and mutant tau THY-Tau22 mice. After 3 months of incubation, wild-type and THY-Tau22 mice developed an atrophy of the dentate gyrus and a tau pathology characterized by Gallyas and tau-positive grain-like inclusions into granule cells that extended in the hippocampal hilus and eventually away into the alveus, and the fimbria...
October 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"